3Blue1Brown
3blue1brown, by Grant Sanderson, is some combination of math and entertainment, depending on your disposition. The goal is for explanations to be driven by animations and for difficult problems to be made simple with changes in perspective. Contact and FAQ: https://www.3blue1brown.com/faq

86 videos
This problem seems hard, then it doesn't, but it really is This problem seems hard, then it doesn't, but it really is
1 month ago En Ru
The famous (infamous?) "windmill" problem on the 2011 IMO Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/windmillthanks The author of this problem was Geoff Smith. You can find the full list of problems considered for the IMO that year, together with their solutions, here: https://www.imo-official.org/problems/IMO2011SL.pdf You can find data for past IMO results here: https://www.imo-official.org/ Viewer-created interactive about this problem: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown/comments/d0b0qw/interactive_windmill_visual_program_download_link/ I made a quick reference to "proper time" as an example of an invariant. Take a look at this minutephysics video if you want to learn more. https://youtu.be/WFAEHKAR5hU ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open-source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Understanding e to the i pi in 3.14 minutes | DE5 Understanding e to the i pi in 3.14 minutes | DE5
2 months ago En
Euler's formula intuition from relating velocities to positions. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Yeah yeah, the runtime is 4:08, but it's 3.14 minutes to the conclusion. Not familiar with the calculus referenced in this video? Try taking a look at this one: https://youtu.be/m2MIpDrF7Es Another perspective on this formula, from Mathologer: https://youtu.be/-dhHrg-KbJ0 Another perspective from this channel: https://youtu.be/mvmuCPvRoWQ And yet another from the blog Better Explained: https://betterexplained.com/articles/intuitive-understanding-of-eulers-formula/ I'm not sure where the perspective shown in this video originates. I do know you can find it in Tristan Needham's excellent book "Visual Complex Analysis", but if anyone has a sense of the first occurrence of this intuition do feel free to share. It's simple and natural enough, though, that it's probably a view which has been independently thought up many times over. ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Pure Fourier series animations for 12 oddly satisfying minutes Pure Fourier series animations for 12 oddly satisfying minutes
2 months ago En
Because why not? Learn the math behind this: https://youtu.be/r6sGWTCMz2k If you're curious about the number of vectors used for each animation: - Eighth note: 100 - Sigma: 200 - Britain: 500 - Fourier drawing: 300 - Nail and Gear: 200 - Treble clef: 100 - Hilbert curve: 300 (relatively small given the detail, which is why it looks puzzley) - Seattle: 400 These animations are made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
But what is a Fourier series? From heat flow to circle drawings | DE4 But what is a Fourier series? From heat flow to circle drawings | DE4
2 months ago En Ru
Fourier series, from the heat equation to sines to cycles. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/de4thanks 12 minutes of pure Fourier series animations: https://youtu.be/-qgreAUpPwM Some viewers made apps that create circle animations for your own drawing. Check them out! https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown/comments/cvpdn7/make_your_own_fourier_circle_drawings/ https://isaacvr.github.io/coding/fourier_transform/ Thanks to Stuart@Biocinematics for the one-line sketch of Fourier via twitter. As it happens, he also has an educational YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKOiJd9YCbv7LeL2LFOGiLQ Small correction: at 9:33, all the exponents should have a pi^2 in them. If you're looking for more Fourier Series content online, including code to play with to create this kind of animation yourself, check out these posts: Mathologer https://youtu.be/qS4H6PEcCCA The Coding Train https://youtu.be/Mm2eYfj0SgA Jezmoon http://www.jezzamon.com/fourier/index.html For those of you into pure math looking to really dig into the analysis behind this topic, you might want to take a look at Stein Shakarchi's book "Fourier Analysis: An Introduction" ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Solving the heat equation | DE3 Solving the heat equation | DE3
3 months ago En Ru
Boundary conditions, and setup for how Fourier series are useful. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/de3thanks More about the heat equation, with a derivation in terms of slope corresponding to heat flow from MIT OCW: https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mathematics/18-303-linear-partial-differential-equations-fall-2006/lecture-notes/heateqni.pdf If you want to learn more about Fourier series, here are a few great videos/posts which I think you'll enjoy: Mathologer's: https://youtu.be/qS4H6PEcCCA The Coding Train: https://youtu.be/Mm2eYfj0SgA Jez Swanson: http://www.jezzamon.com/fourier/ ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
But what is a partial differential equation? | DE2 But what is a partial differential equation? | DE2
4 months ago En Ru
The heat equation, as an introductory PDE. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/de2thanks Infinite powers, by Steven Strogatz: https://www.amazon.com/Infinite-Powers-Calculus-Reveals-Universe/dp/1328879984 Typo corrections: - At 1:33, it should be “Black-Scholes” - At 16:21 it should read "scratch an itch". If anyone asks, I purposefully leave at least one typo in each video, like a Navajo rug with a deliberate imperfection as an artistic statement about the nature of life ;) And to continue my unabashed Strogatz fanboyism, I should also mention that his textbook on nonlinear dynamics and chaos was also a meaningful motivator to do this series, as you'll hopefully see with the topics we build to. ------------------ Animations made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Differential equations, studying the unsolvable | DE1 Differential equations, studying the unsolvable | DE1
5 months ago En Ru
An overview of what ODEs are all about Home page: https://3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/de1thanks Need to brush up on calculus? https://youtu.be/WUvTyaaNkzM Error correction: At 6:27, the upper equation should have g/L instead of L/g. Steven Strogatz NYT article on the math of love: https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/05/26/guest-column-loves-me-loves-me-not-do-the-math/ Interactive visualization of the example from this video, by Ilya Perederiy: https://www.expunctis.com/2019/04/04/vtvt-another-demo.html If you're looking for books on this topic, I'd recommend the one by Vladimir Arnold, "Ordinary Differential Equations" Also, more Strogatz fun, you may enjoy his text "Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos" Curious about why it's called a "phase space"? You might enjoy this article: https://www.physics.umd.edu/courses/Phys404/Anlage_Spring10/The%20TangledTaleofPhaseSpace.pdf From a response on /r/3blue1brown, here are some interactives based on examples shown in the video: https://observablehq.com/@tophtucker/tales-from-the-romeo-and-juliet-phase-space https://observablehq.com/@mbostock/predator-and-prey ------------------ Animations made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Cramer's rule, explained geometrically | Essence of linear algebra, chapter 12 Cramer's rule, explained geometrically | Essence of linear algebra, chapter 12
6 months ago En
This rule seems random to many students, but it has a beautiful reason for being true. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/cramer-thanks Full series: http://3b1b.co/eola ---- If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
How colliding blocks act like a beam of light...to compute pi. How colliding blocks act like a beam of light...to compute pi.
7 months ago En
The third and final part of the block collision sequence. Part 1: https://youtu.be/HEfHFsfGXjs Part 2: https://youtu.be/jsYwFizhncE Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/clacks-thanks Error correction: I wrote the answer as floor(pi/theta), when really it should be ceiling(pi/theta) - 1 t account for values of theta perfectly dividing pi. For example, the case of equal masses gives an angle of pi/4, and 3 total clacks. This beautiful result, and the solution shown here, are due to Gregory Galperin: https://www.maths.tcd.ie/~lebed/Galperin.%20Playing%20pool%20with%20pi.pdf And here's a lovely interactive built by GitHub user prajwalsouza after watching this video: https://prajwalsouza.github.io/Experiments/Colliding-Blocks.html Speaking of looking glass universes... https://www.youtube.com/user/LookingGlassUniverse NY Times blog post about this problem: https://wordplay.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/10/pi/ The plushie pi shown at the video's start: https://www.3blue1brown.com/store If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
So why do colliding blocks compute pi? So why do colliding blocks compute pi?
7 months ago En Ru
Part 1: https://youtu.be/HEfHFsfGXjs Part 3: https://youtu.be/brU5yLm9DZM Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/clacks-thanks Many of you shared solutions, attempts, and simulations with me this last week. I loved it! Y'all are the best. Here are just two of my favorites. By a channel STEM cell: https://youtu.be/ils7GZqp_iE By Doga Kurkcuoglu: http://bilimneguzellan.net/bouncing-cubes-and-%CF%80-3blue1brown/ And here's a lovely interactive built by GitHub user prajwalsouza after watching this video: https://prajwalsouza.github.io/Experiments/Colliding-Blocks.html NY Times blog post about this problem: https://wordplay.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/10/pi/ The original paper by Gregory Galperin: https://www.maths.tcd.ie/~lebed/Galperin.%20Playing%20pool%20with%20pi.pdf For anyone curious about if the tan(x) ≈ x approximation, being off by only a cubic error term, is actually close enough not to affect the final count, take a look at sections 9 and 10 of Galperin's paper. In short, it could break if there were some point where among the first 2N digits of pi, the last N of them were all 9's. This seems exceedingly unlikely, but it quite hard to disprove. Although I found the approach shown in this video independently, after the fact I found that Gary Antonick, who wrote the Numberplay blog referenced above, was the first to solve it this way. In some ways, I think this is the most natural approach one might take given the problem statement, as corroborated by the fact that many solutions people sent my way in this last week had this flavor. The Galperin solution you will see in the next video, though, involves a wonderfully creative perspective. If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
The most unexpected answer to a counting puzzle The most unexpected answer to a counting puzzle
8 months ago En Ru
If this doesn't blow your mind, I don't know what will. Part 2: https://youtu.be/jsYwFizhncE Part 3: https://youtu.be/brU5yLm9DZM Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/clacks-thanks New to this channel? It's all about teaching math visually. Take a look and see if there's anything you'd like to learn. NY Times blog post about this problem: https://wordplay.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/10/pi/ The original paper by Gregory Galperin: https://www.maths.tcd.ie/~lebed/Galperin.%20Playing%20pool%20with%20pi.pdf Evidently, Numberphile also described this problem (I had not known): https://youtu.be/abv4Fz7oNr0 You'll notice that video has an added factor of 16 throughout, which is not here. That's because they're only counting the collisions between blocks (well, balls in their case), and they're only counting to the point where the big block starts moving the other way. ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
But why is a sphere's surface area four times its shadow? But why is a sphere's surface area four times its shadow?
9 months ago En
The formula is no mere coincidence. Store: http://3b1b.co/store Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Special thanks: http://3b1b.co/sphere-thanks Discussion on Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown/comments/a2gqo0/but_why_is_a_spheres_surface_area_four_times_its/ The first proof goes back to Greek times, due to Archimedes, who was charmed by the fact that a sphere has 2/3 the volume of a cylinder encompassing it, and 2/3 the surface area as well (if you consider the caps). Check out this video for another beautiful animation of that first proof: https://youtu.be/KZJw0AYn6_k Calculus series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Thanks to these folks for letting me use their images at the end: https://www.youtube.com/user/vlogbrothers https://www.youtube.com/user/physicswoman https://www.youtube.com/user/Vsauce https://www.youtube.com/user/onemeeeliondollars ------------------ These animations are largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library: https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Sneaky Topology | The Borsuk-Ulam theorem and stolen necklaces Sneaky Topology | The Borsuk-Ulam theorem and stolen necklaces
10 months ago En
Solving a discrete math puzzle using topology. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/borsuk-thanks Want more fair division math fun? Check out this Mathologer video https://youtu.be/7s-YM-kcKME (Seriously, Mathologer is great) These videos are supported by the community. https://www.patreon.com/3blue1brown The original 1986 by Alon and West with this proof https://m.tau.ac.il/~nogaa/PDFS/Publications/The%20Borsuk-Ulam%20Theorem%20and%20bisection%20of%20necklaces.pdf VSauce on fixed points https://youtu.be/csInNn6pfT4 EE Paper using ideas related to this puzzle https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=802179 I first came across this paper thanks to Alon Amit's answer on this Quora post https://www.quora.com/As-of-2016-what-do-mathematicians-on-Quora-think-of-the-3Blue1Brown-maths-videos If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Visualizing turbulence Visualizing turbulence
10 months ago En
Here we look at some of the order amidst chaos in turbulence. Vortex rings with Physics Girl: https://youtu.be/N7d_RWyOv20 Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/turbulence-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Thanks to Dan Walsh for many great ideas, and thanks to Mike Hansen for many helpful conversations. Error correction: I meant to describe Kolmogorov as a “20th-century mathematician” not “19th-century”. Whoops! I think during the narration I must have made the classic 1900s vs. 19th-century mix up. Anyone aware of his work is more than aware of what century he lived in, which apparently applies to quite a few commenters. Introduction to turbulence: http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~ryden/ast825/ch7.pdf More details on vortex stretching: https://www.math.nyu.edu/faculty/tabak/vorticity.pdf Video on NightHawkInLight with a similar demo: https://youtu.be/K94Cc21KEIA Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Quaternions and 3d rotation, explained interactively Quaternions and 3d rotation, explained interactively
10 months ago En
Go experience the explorable videos: https://eater.net/quaternions Ben Eater's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/quaternion-explorable-thanks Previous video on Quaternions: https://youtu.be/d4EgbgTm0Bg Nice explanation of Gimbal Lock: https://youtu.be/zc8b2Jo7mno Great videos comparing Euler angles and quaternions, from the perspective of an animator: https://youtu.be/syQnn_xuB8U https://youtu.be/4mXL751ko0w Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Visualizing quaternions (4d numbers) with stereographic projection Visualizing quaternions (4d numbers) with stereographic projection
2 years ago En
How to think about this 4d number system in our 3d space. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/quaternion-thanks Part 2: https://youtu.be/zjMuIxRvygQ Interactive version of these visuals: http://3imaginary1real.com Quanta article on quaternions: https://www.quantamagazine.org/the-strange-numbers-that-birthed-modern-algebra-20180906/ The math of Alice in Wonderland: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427391-600-alices-adventures-in-algebra-wonderland-solved/ ------------------ If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Q&A with Grant Sanderson (3blue1brown) Q&A with Grant Sanderson (3blue1brown)
2 years ago En
To commemorate crossing 2^20 subscribers. FAQ from home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/faq Subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown AMC problem shown on screen: https://artofproblemsolving.com/wiki/index.php?title=2002_AMC_12A_Problems/Problem_22 Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Ever wondered why slicing a cone gives an ellipse? It’s wonderfully clever! Ever wondered why slicing a cone gives an ellipse? It’s wonderfully clever!
2 years ago En
Dandelin spheres, conic sections, and a view of genius in math. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/dandelin-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Thoughts on the recent change to be sponsor-free: https://www.patreon.com/posts/going-sponsor-19586800 Video on Feynman's lost lecture: https://youtu.be/xdIjYBtnvZU I originally saw the proof of this video when I was reading Paul Lockhart's "Measurement", which I highly recommend to all math learners, young and old. New shirts/mugs available: http://3b1b.co/store The 3d animations in the video were done using Grapher, while 2d animations were done using https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe: http://3b1b.co/subscribe Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/3blue1brown_animations/ Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown
Other math channels you'd enjoy Other math channels you'd enjoy
2 years ago En
Think Twice: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9yt3wz-6j19RwD5m5f6HSg LeiosOS: https://www.youtube.com/user/LeiosOS Welch Labs: https://www.youtube.com/user/Taylorns34 Infinity plus one: https://infinityplusonemath.wordpress.com/ Check out the ones on relativity! https://infinityplusonemath.wordpress.com/2017/03/11/a-mathematical-intro-to-special-relativity/ Music by Enoch Kim https://soundcloud.com/themusemaker ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown
What they won't teach you in calculus What they won't teach you in calculus
2 years ago En
A visual for derivatives which generalizes more nicely to topics beyond calculus. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/alt-calc-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Essence of calculus series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Really nice applet made based on this video by Reddit user Larconneur: https://www.geogebra.org/m/rftwacsy Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown
The Wallis product for pi, proved geometrically The Wallis product for pi, proved geometrically
2 years ago En
A new and more circularly proof of a famous Wallis product for pi. Here's supplemental blog post, expanding some of the rigor of this proofs, along with other interesting tidbits about surrounding topics that we didn't fit into the video: https://www.3blue1brown.com/sridhars-corner/2018/4/17/wallis-product-supplement-dominated-convergence Try out Udacity: https://udacity.com/3b1b Special thanks to the following Patreon supporters: http://3b1b.co/wallis-thanks If you also want to support videos like these, visit https://www.patreon.com/3blue1brown Another approach to this product by Johan Wästlund: http://www.math.chalmers.se/~wastlund/monthly.pdf With more from Donald Knuth building off this idea: https://apetresc.wordpress.com/2010/12/28/knuths-why-pi-talk-at-stanford-part-1/ Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3blue1brown
Solving 2D equations using color, a story of winding numbers and composition Solving 2D equations using color, a story of winding numbers and composition
2 years ago En
An algorithm for numerically solving certain 2d equations. Brought to you by...you! https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to these supporters: http://3b1b.co/winding-thanks Even though we described how winding numbers can be used to solve 2d equations at a high level, it's worth pointing out that there are a few details missing for if you wanted to actually implement this. For example, in order to determine how often to sample points, you'd want to have some bounds on the rate at which the direction of the output changes. We will perhaps discuss this more in a follow-on video! Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
How pi was almost 6.283185... How pi was almost 6.283185...
2 years ago En Ru
Happy pi day! Did you know that in some of his notes, Euler used the symbol pi to represent 6.28..., before the more familiar 3.14... took off as a standard? Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com Plushie creatures now available: http://3b1b.co/store The idea for this video, as well as the live shots, came from Ben Hambrecht, with the writing and animating done by Grant Sanderson. Special thanks to: - University Library Basel, for letting us rummage through their historical collection - Martin Mattmüller from the Bernoulli-Euler center for helpful discussion - Michael Hartl, author of the Tau Manifesto, for pointing us to obscure references - Library of the Institut de France Cinematographer: Eugen Heller Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Why is pi here? And why is it squared? A geometric answer to the Basel problem Why is pi here? And why is it squared? A geometric answer to the Basel problem
2 years ago En
A most beautiful proof of the Basel problem, using light. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/basel-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Brilliant's principles list that I referenced: https://brilliant.org/principles/ Get early access and more through Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/3blue1brown The content here was based on a paper by Johan Wästlund http://www.math.chalmers.se/~wastlund/Cosmic.pdf Check out Mathologer's video on the many cousins of the Pythagorean theorem: https://youtu.be/p-0SOWbzUYI On the topic of Mathologer, he also has a nice video about the Basel problem: https://youtu.be/yPl64xi_ZZA A simple Geogebra to play around with the Inverse Pythagorean Theorem argument shown here. https://ggbm.at/yPExUf7b Some of you may be concerned about the final step here where we said the circle approaches a line. What about all the lighthouses on the far end? Well, a more careful calculation will show that the contributions from those lights become more negligible. In fact, the contributions from almost all lights become negligible. For the ambitious among you, see this paper for full details. If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
The more general uncertainty principle, beyond quantum The more general uncertainty principle, beyond quantum
2 years ago En
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is just one specific example of a much more general, relatable, non-quantum phenomenon. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/uncertainty-thanks And by Art of Problem Solving: http://aops.com/3b1b For more on quantum mechanical wave functions, I highly recommend this video by udiprod: https://youtu.be/p7bzE1E5PMY Minute physics on special relativity: https://youtu.be/1rLWVZVWfdY Main video on the Fourier transform https://youtu.be/spUNpyF58BY Louis de Broglie thesis: http://aflb.ensmp.fr/LDB-oeuvres/De_Broglie_Kracklauer.pdf More on Doppler radar: Radar basics: https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1278808 There's a key way in which the description I gave of the trade-off in Doppler radar differs from reality. Since the speed of light is so drastically greater than the speed of things being detected, the Fourier representation for pulse echoes of different objects would almost certainly overlap unless it was played for a very long time. In effect, this is what happens, since one does not send out a single pulse, but a whole bunch of evenly spaced pulses as some pulse repetition frequency (or PRF). This means the Fourier representation of all those pulses together can actually be quite sharp. Assuming a large number of such pulses, it will look like several vertical lines spaced out by the PRF. As long as the pulses are far enough apart that the echoes of multiple objects on the field from different targets don't overlap, it's not a problem for position determinations that the full sequence of pulses occupies such a long duration. However, the trade-off now comes in choosing the right PRF. See the above article for more information. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
But what is the Fourier Transform? A visual introduction. But what is the Fourier Transform? A visual introduction.
2 years ago En Ru
An animated introduction to the Fourier Transform. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/fourier-thanks Follow-on video about the uncertainty principle: https://youtu.be/MBnnXbOM5S4 Interactive made by a viewer inspired by this video: https://prajwalsouza.github.io/Experiments/Fourier-Transform-Visualization.html ------------------ Animations largely made using manim, a scrappy open-source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Rediscovering Euler's formula with a mug (not that Euler's formula) Rediscovering Euler's formula with a mug (not that Euler's formula)
2 years ago En
Featuring quite a few science/math YouTubers! Vihart response: https://youtu.be/CruQylWSfoU Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/mug-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Thanks to all the following channels for participating. Standup Maths https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Wendover Productions https://www.youtube.com/user/Wendoverproductions Welch Labs: https://www.youtube.com/user/Taylorns34 MinutePhysics: https://www.youtube.com/user/minutephysics Ben Eater: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc Mathologer: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1_uAIS3r8Vu6JjXWvastJg Singing Banana: https://www.youtube.com/user/singingbanana Numberphile: https://www.youtube.com/user/numberphile Looking Glass Universe: https://www.youtube.com/user/LookingGlassUniverse Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/user/1veritasium Steve Mould: https://www.youtube.com/user/steventhebrave Special thanks to MathsGear for providing the mugs. https://mathsgear.co.uk/ https://mathsgear.co.uk/products/gift-card Music: Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/ Divertissement by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100256 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Q&A #2 + Net Neutrality Nuance Q&A #2 + Net Neutrality Nuance
2 years ago En
Questions: http://3b1b.co/questions Answers: https://youtu.be/1nxF19qDBQ0 Full net neutrality video: https://youtu.be/hKD-lBrZ_Gg Ben Eater's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc First Q&A Answers: https://youtu.be/8r5WKpK9-m8 CGPGrey's (excellent) video on Net Neutrality: https://youtu.be/wtt2aSV8wdw ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
The hardest problem on the hardest test The hardest problem on the hardest test
2 years ago En Ru
A difficult geometry puzzle with an elegant solution. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/putnam-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Solution to the puzzle mentioned at the end: https://brilliant.org/3b1bindicator/ These videos exist thanks to Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/3blue1brown A different write-up of this solution: http://lsusmath.rickmabry.org/psisson/putnam/putnam-web.htm 1992 Putnam with this problem: http://kskedlaya.org/putnam-archive/1992.pdf A problem with a similar flavor came up on the 2005 Putnam A6. Give it a try! The solution for that problem, by the way, was written by Calvin Lin, a friend of mine who works at Brilliant. Small world! http://kskedlaya.org/putnam-archive/2005.pdf http://kskedlaya.org/putnam-archive/2005s.pdf ------------------ Animations largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Backpropagation calculus | Deep learning, chapter 4 Backpropagation calculus | Deep learning, chapter 4
2 years ago En
Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/nn3-thanks This one is a bit more symbol heavy, and that's actually the point. The goal here is to represent in somewhat more formal terms the intuition for how backpropagation works in part 3 of the series, hopefully providing some connection between that video and other texts/code that you come across later. For more on backpropagation: http://neuralnetworksanddeeplearning.com/chap2.html https://github.com/mnielsen/neural-networks-and-deep-learning http://colah.github.io/posts/2015-08-Backprop/ Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that): http://3b1b.co/subscribe If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
What is backpropagation really doing? | Deep learning, chapter 3 What is backpropagation really doing? | Deep learning, chapter 3
2 years ago En Ru
What's actually happening to a neural network as it learns? Next video: https://youtu.be/tIeHLnjs5U8 Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/nn3-thanks And by CrowdFlower: http://3b1b.co/crowdflower Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ The following video is sort of an appendix to this one. The main goal with the follow-on video is to show the connection between the visual walkthrough here, and the representation of these "nudges" in terms of partial derivatives that you will find when reading about backpropagation in other resources, like Michael Nielsen's book or Chis Olah's blog.
Gradient descent, how neural networks learn | Deep learning, chapter 2 Gradient descent, how neural networks learn | Deep learning, chapter 2
2 years ago En Ru
Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/nn2-thanks And by Amplify Partners. For any early stage ML startup founders, Amplify Partners would love to hear from you via 3blue1brown@amplifypartners.com To learn more, I highly recommend the book by Michael Nielsen http://neuralnetworksanddeeplearning.com/ The book walks through the code behind the example in these videos, which you can find here: https://github.com/mnielsen/neural-networks-and-deep-learning MNIST database: http://yann.lecun.com/exdb/mnist/ Also check out Chris Olah's blog: http://colah.github.io/ His post on Neural networks and topology is particular beautiful, but honestly all of the stuff there is great. And if you like that, you'll *love* the publications at distill: https://distill.pub/ For more videos, Welch Labs also has some great series on machine learning: https://youtu.be/i8D90DkCLhI https://youtu.be/bxe2T-V8XRs "But I've already voraciously consumed Nielsen's, Olah's and Welch's works", I hear you say. Well well, look at you then. That being the case, I might recommend that you continue on with the book "Deep Learning" by Goodfellow, Bengio, and Courville. Thanks to Lisha Li (@lishali88) for her contributions at the end, and for letting me pick her brain so much about the material. Here are the articles she referenced at the end: https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.03530 https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.05394 https://arxiv.org/abs/1412.0233 Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
But what is a Neural Network? | Deep learning, chapter 1 But what is a Neural Network? | Deep learning, chapter 1
2 years ago En Ru
Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/nn1-thanks Additional funding provided by Amplify Partners For any early-stage ML entrepreneurs, Amplify would love to hear from you: 3blue1brown@amplifypartners.com Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/neural-networks Typo correction: At 14:45, the last index on the bias vector is n, when it's supposed to in fact be a k. Thanks for the sharp eyes that caught that! For those who want to learn more, I highly recommend the book by Michael Nielsen introducing neural networks and deep learning: https://goo.gl/Zmczdy There are two neat things about this book. First, it's available for free, so consider joining me in making a donation Nielsen's way if you get something out of it. And second, it's centered around walking through some code and data which you can download yourself, and which covers the same example that I introduce in this video. Yay for active learning! https://github.com/mnielsen/neural-networks-and-deep-learning I also highly recommend Chris Olah's blog: http://colah.github.io/ For more videos, Welch Labs also has some great series on machine learning: https://youtu.be/i8D90DkCLhI https://youtu.be/bxe2T-V8XRs For those of you looking to go *even* deeper, check out the text "Deep Learning" by Goodfellow, Bengio, and Courville. Also, the publication Distill is just utterly beautiful: https://distill.pub/ Lion photo by Kevin Pluck ------------------ Animations largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Some light quantum mechanics (with minutephysics) Some light quantum mechanics (with minutephysics)
3 years ago En
The math of superposition and quantum states. minutephysics channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/minutephysics Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/light-quantum-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Huge thanks to my friend Evan Miyazono, both for encouraging me to do this project, and for helping me understand many things along the way. This is a simple primer for how the math of quantum mechanics, specifically in the context of polarized light, relates to the math of classical waves, specifically classical electromagnetic waves. I will say, if you *do* want to go off and learn the math of quantum mechanics, you just can never have too much linear algebra, so check out the series I did at http://3b1b.co/essence-of-linear-algebra Mistakes: As several astute commenters have pointed out, the force arrow is pointing the wrong way at 2:18. Thanks for the catch! *Note on conventions: Throughout this video, I use a single-headed right arrow to represent the horizontal direction. The standard in quantum mechanics is actually to use double-headed arrows for describing polarization states, while single-headed arrows are typically reserved for the context of spin. What's the difference? Well, using a double-headed arrow to represent the horizontal direction emphasizes that in a quantum mechanical context, there's no distinction between left and right. They each have the same measurable state: horizontal (e.g. they pass through horizontally oriented filters). Once you're in QM, these kets are typically vectors in a more abstract space where vectors are not necessarily spatial directions but instead represent any kind of state. Because of how I chose to motivate things with classical waves, where it makes sense for this arrow to represent a unit vector in the right direction, rather than the more abstract idea of a horizontal state vector, I chose to stick with the single-headed notation throughout, though this runs slightly against convention. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Thinking outside the 10-dimensional box Thinking outside the 10-dimensional box
3 years ago En
Visualizing high-dimensional spheres to understand a surprising puzzle. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/high-d-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Podcast! https://www.benbenandblue.com/ Check out Ben Eater's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc ------------------ Animations largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and it has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Hilbert's Curve: Is infinite math useful? Hilbert's Curve: Is infinite math useful?
3 years ago En
Space-filling curves, turning visual information into audio information, and the connection between infinite and finite math (this is a re-upload of an older video which had much worse audio). Supplement with more space-filling curve fun: https://youtu.be/RU0wScIj36o For more information on sight-via sound, this paper involving rewiring a ferret's retinas to its auditory cortex is particularly thought-provoking: http://phy.ucsf.edu/~houde/coleman/sur2.pdf Alternatively, here is the NYT summary: https://goo.gl/qNuc14 Also, check out this excellent podcast on Human echolocation: https://goo.gl/23f4Yh For anyone curious to read more about the connections between infinite and finite math, consider this Terry Tao blog post: https://goo.gl/NZ4yrW Lion photo by Kevin Pluck Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brownm/r/3Blue1Brown
How secure is 256 bit security? How secure is 256 bit security?
3 years ago En Ru
Supplement to the cryptocurrency video: How hard is it to find a 256-bit hash just by guessing and checking? What kind of computer would that take? Cryptocurrency video: https://youtu.be/bBC-nXj3Ng4 Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Several people have commented about how 2^256 would be the maximum number of attempts, not the average. This depends on the thing being attempted. If it's guessing a private key, you are correct, but for something like guessing which input to a hash function gives the desired output (as in bitcoin mining, for example), which is the kind of thing I had in mind here, 2^256 would indeed be the average number of attempts needed, at least for a true cryptographic hash function. Think of rolling a die until you get a 6, how many rolls do you need to make, on average? Music by Vince Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
But how does bitcoin actually work? But how does bitcoin actually work?
3 years ago En Ru
How would you invent your own cryptocurrency. Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/btc-thanks And by Protocol Labs: https://protocol.ai/join/ Some people have asked if this channel accepts contributions in cryptocurrency form. Indeed! http://3b1b.co/crypto 2^256 video: https://youtu.be/S9JGmA5_unY Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/heartbeat Here are a few other resources I'd recommend: Original Bitcoin paper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Block explorer: https://blockexplorer.com/ Blog post by Michael Nielsen: https://goo.gl/BW1RV3 (This is particularly good for understanding the details of what transactions look like, which is something this video did not cover) Video by CuriousInventor: https://youtu.be/Lx9zgZCMqXE Video by Anders Brownworth: https://youtu.be/_160oMzblY8 Ethereum white paper: https://goo.gl/XXZddT ------------------ Animations largely made using manim, a scrappy open source python library. https://github.com/3b1b/manim If you want to check it out, I feel compelled to warn you that it's not the most well-documented tool, and has many other quirks you might expect in a library someone wrote with only their own use in mind. Music by Vincent Rubinetti. Download the music on Bandcamp: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown Stream the music on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
All possible pythagorean triples, visualized All possible pythagorean triples, visualized
3 years ago En
The pythagorean triples like (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), etc. all follow a nice pattern which complex numbers expose in a beautiful way. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/triples-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ And by Remix: https://www.remix.com/jobs Regarding the brief reference to Fermat's Last Theorem, what should be emphasized is that it refers to *positive* integers. You can of course have things like 0^3 + 2^3 = 2^3, or (-3)^3 + 3^3 = 0^3. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Pi hiding in prime regularities Pi hiding in prime regularities
3 years ago En
A story of pi, primes, complex numbers, and how number theory braids them together. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/leibniz-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ And by Remix: https://www.remix.com/ The fact that only primes that are one above a multiple of four can be expressed as the sum of two squares is known as "Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares": https://goo.gl/EdhaN2 Music by Vince Rubinetti: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Taylor series | Essence of calculus, chapter 11 Taylor series | Essence of calculus, chapter 11
3 years ago En
Taylor polynomials are incredibly powerful for approximations, and Taylor series can give new ways to express functions. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc1-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Higher order derivatives | Essence of calculus, chapter 10 Higher order derivatives | Essence of calculus, chapter 10
3 years ago En
A very quick primer on the second derivative, third derivative, etc. Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
What does area have to do with slope? | Essence of calculus, chapter 9 What does area have to do with slope? | Essence of calculus, chapter 9
3 years ago En
Integrals are used to find the average of a continuous variable, and this can offer a perspective on why integrals and derivatives are inverses, distinct from the one shown in the last video. Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support Special thanks to the following supporters: http://3b1b.co/eoc9-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Integration and the fundamental theorem of calculus | Essence of calculus, chapter 8 Integration and the fundamental theorem of calculus | Essence of calculus, chapter 8
3 years ago En
What is an integral? How do you think about it? Check out the Art of Problem Solving: https://aops.com/3blue1brown Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc8-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Limits, L'Hopital's rule, and epsilon delta definitions | Essence of calculus, chapter 7 Limits, L'Hopital's rule, and epsilon delta definitions | Essence of calculus, chapter 7
3 years ago En
Formal derivatives, the epsilon-delta definition, and why L'Hôpital's rule works. 3Blue1Brown store: http://3b1b.co/store Let me know what you'd like to see in there. Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc7-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Implicit differentiation, what's going on here? | Essence of calculus, chapter 6 Implicit differentiation, what's going on here? | Essence of calculus, chapter 6
3 years ago En
Implicit differentiation can feel weird, but what's going on makes much more sense once you view each side of the equation as a two-variable function, f(x, y). Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc6-thanks Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
What's so special about Euler's number e? | Essence of calculus, chapter 5 What's so special about Euler's number e? | Essence of calculus, chapter 5
3 years ago En
What is e? And why are exponentials proportional to their own derivatives? Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc5-thanks Supporters often get early access as the series like this: http://3b1b.co/support ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Visualizing the chain rule and product rule | Essence of calculus, chapter 4 Visualizing the chain rule and product rule | Essence of calculus, chapter 4
3 years ago En
A visual explanation of what the chain rule and product rule are, and why they are true. Full series: http://3b1b.co/calculus Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc4-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Series like this one are funded largely by the community, through Patreon, where supporters get early access as the series is being produced. http://3b1b.co/support ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
Derivative formulas through geometry | Essence of calculus, chapter 3 Derivative formulas through geometry | Essence of calculus, chapter 3
3 years ago En
A few derivative formulas, such as the power rule and the derivative of sine, demonstrated with geometric intuition. Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc3-thanks And by Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Great video by Think Twice showing this geometric view of the derivative of sin(x): https://youtu.be/R4o7sraVMZg Music: https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
The paradox of the derivative | Essence of calculus, chapter 2 The paradox of the derivative | Essence of calculus, chapter 2
3 years ago En
Derivatives center on the idea of change in an instant, but change happens across time while an instant consists of just one moment. How does that work? Brought to you by you: http://3b1b.co/eoc2-thanks Home page: https://www.3blue1brown.com/ And by Art of Problem Solving: https://aops.com/3blue1brown Note, to illustrate my point for the target audience of a new calculus student, I discussed a hypothetical speedometer that makes distance measurements over a very small time. Interestingly, most actual speedometers in modern cars work by analyzing the induced current of a spinning magnet, which is in some sense the universe implementing the derivative. ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown
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