English Jade - Learn English (engVid)
I believe how you feel is even more important than what you know when speaking English. That is why I tell true stories from my experience coaching English, give advice and share tips to help you feel more motivated and confident when communicating in English. My videos cover practical topics to improve your level of English, while always keeping in mind personal challenges related to confidence that you will face as you improve your skills. My favourite lesson topics are about how to learn English, as well as tips and advice for shy speakers of English.

57 videos
Learn 10 ways to use 'FROM' in English Learn 10 ways to use 'FROM' in English
5 days ago En
'FROM' is such a small, common word in English, but it has so many different uses! In this lesson, I explain 10 different uses of ‘from’. This English lesson will be especially useful to beginners and intermediate-level students, who tend to get prepositions mixed up. I’ll give you plenty of examples showing exactly when ‘from’ should be used. We’ll also look at more advanced uses of ‘from’ as part of expressions such as ‘from dusk till dawn.’ And finally, I’ll mention some examples from popular culture in which ‘from’ appears in the titles of films and songs. There’s also a slightly rude example of when you should be careful about using ‘from’ if you don’t want someone to get the wrong idea! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/ NEXT, watch my lesson on 10 ways to use ALRIGHT & ALL RIGHT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5AEtg6pm6o&list=PL-Q2Xro-OWKe-pXnqtUKfD2Gpsbpu6Gl7&index=1 TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson we're looking at uses of "from". "From" is a really common word in English, you see it all the time, but do you know when to use it? We use "from" as a preposition, and we also use "from" in phrasal verbs, so let's look at all the different situations where we use "from". We'll start with a phrasal verb, which is: "come from". Somebody asks a question to you: "Where do you come from?" That means: "Where were you...? Where were you born and where did you live when you were younger?" So, I come from London. Where do you come from? "Where do aliens come from?" Aliens are the ones with the big eyes and sometimes they're green, or sometimes they're reptiles. "Where do aliens come from?" Aliens come from outer space, out there where the UFOs live. Timespan. "Timespan" means between this time and this time. "Yoga is from 7 to 9am in the pagoda." Yoga pagoda, it rhymes. A "pagoda" is a kind of... A kind of... Imagine the kind of building where some Hippies would go and do some yoga, with a pointy roof, and maybe made from wood or something like that. That's a pagoda, anyway. "The wedding season is from May until September." This means that between May and September that's when most of the weddings happen. We're really busy with weddings between May and September. So, the wedding season is from May until September. Now we're using timespan for an historical event, something that happened a long time before, something that happened in history, something that we know as a fact. "World War I was from 1914 to 1918." And: "Queen Elizabeth 1st", let me say that one again. "Queen Elizabeth 1st reigned from 1558 to 1603". "Reigned" is a word... "To reign" is the word we use to say a queen or a king was in power for that time. So we could say: "Queen Elizabeth 1st was in power from 1558 to 1603", but "reigned" is a specific word that means that. Now we have "made from". This one is also a phrasal verb. When something is made... We use "made from" to say how we get a thing. So, my jumper is made from wool, and wool comes from sheep. Here's some other things: "Plastic is made from oil." You take oil, you do something to it, after you get plastic. "Paper is made from wood." Wood is the first thing you have, and you do something to it in the factory, and after you get paper. Now let's look at distance. We use "from" as a preposition to talk about the distance to a place. "We are 10 minutes from the lake." Here's the lake, we are 10 minutes over here. A lake, if you don't know it, is a natural, large area of water. It's bigger than a pond. A pond... A pond... A pond you would never swim in, and a pond is usually what you see in a person's garden if they have a nice garden. But a lake is much too big for most people to have in their gardens. Maybe if you were Queen Elizabeth 1st, you would have a lake in your garden, but not many other people. "The moon is 385,000"-zero, zero, zero-"kilometres from the Earth". Here's the Earth, let's get in our rocket and go 385,000 kilometres, if we survive, we make it to the moon. And the last example here: "How far away is Tom's house from Steve's?" What that sentence means is: How far away is Tom's house from Steve's house? But we don't need to repeat the word "house". So, we could answer the question: "Tom's house is 10 miles from Steve's house." Coming up: More examples of "from". Now we have the origin of something when we're using "from" as a preposition. "Origin" is a more formal way of saying where something begins, where something starts. So: "I have a letter from the bank." Here's my letter, coming from the postman, he puts it in my letterbox, here's my letter from the bank. "I have a present from my Mum." Oh, thank you for my present. What a lovely... What a lovely scarf you gave me. And: "I got a call from Tom", as in phone call. Now, a phone call isn't a real object, like a scarf or a letter that we receive, but we can use "from" in this case. […]
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Improve your Vocabulary: Learn 16 new social, political, and internet words Improve your Vocabulary: Learn 16 new social, political, and internet words
3 weeks ago En
In this English vocabulary lesson, I will teach you words that are being used a lot right now, and that have to do with current issues in society and politics. You may have heard these words already, but what exactly do terms like "millennial", "trigger warning", and "fake news" mean? Whatever your politics, this lesson will give you a perspective on the social trends and political change that is going on in our age. Test your vocabulary with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/16-new-social-political-internet-words/ Next, watch my video on French words that we use in English! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQStFX6SUXs&list=PL-Q2Xro-OWKe-pXnqtUKfD2Gpsbpu6Gl7&index=11 Or you can watch my vocabulary lesson on current fashion vocabulary and slang: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UnIwr2vkb94&list=PL-Q2Xro-OWKe-pXnqtUKfD2Gpsbpu6Gl7&index=5 TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson we're going to look at new words for our times. These words reflect social movements or new things happening in politics. We're going to start with "millennial". "A millennial" is a person who's between the age of a teenager now and their late 20s. Thankfully I just escaped being a millennial, because millennials are whiny and they are... They're just so weak, and they're like little special snowflakes, very delicate. And millennials are just... They've been so protected all their lives that when it comes to it in the real world they are... They like whine and they shout, and they cry, but they don't do a lot. No offence to any millennials watching. [Laughs]. Next word is related to the millennials. The millennials need "safe spaces", because this world out there is... It's so... It's so mean and people say such horrible things that they need to be protected inside their safe spaces. And so, the idea of a safe space would be somewhere on a college campus where you know you can go and be safe, and you don't have to be scared or upset by any of the mean things that old white men and politicians say. Anything that offends you in the safe space, it's all very relaxed there. You can... Maybe you'll manage to, you know, do a bit of studying in that safe space, nobody can get to you. The next word is also related to the millennials in the safe space, they go here because there nothing bad will ever happen to them, but when they go out into the big wide world: "Oh no! Oh no!" They need "trigger warnings". "Trigger warnings" is... You give a trigger warning when something you're going to say could upset someone, it could be offensive to them, and it could create a trauma or a kind of flashback to them, and because they are so weak they can't hear this thing and they need a trigger warning to keep them safe. When someone is triggered, then they're triggered by something they don't want to hear, and sometimes they might scream, like: "No! No! I can't take it! No!" That's when they're triggered. So, because they have such big emotional responses to things they don't like, that's why they need the safe spaces. And I think actually, come to think about it, maybe the safe spaces are a good idea because they could just go in the safe space, and we wouldn't be in there, so they could do all that alone in the safe space. The next word is "social justice warrior", "SJW", also to do with the millennials. One of the things associated with them is that they protest a lot, they're vocal, they like to take a stand against the things they don't like, which they typically do online, they talk about things online or perhaps they go on protesting and things like that. "A social justice warrior" is someone whose main reason to protest is things to do with race issues or gender issues, and they... Or they think that... Or feminist issues. They think that... For whatever group they belong to, they think that life isn't fair for them, so that's the reason they protest. They're warriors, they're fighters, they're warriors. Next we've got "gender non-binary". A person who calls themselves gender... Say: "Oh, I'm gender non-binary", what that means is: "I'm not a man. I'm not a woman. I'm something in between those genders that hasn't... It can't be... Can't be specified as this or that. It's my own identity which is gender non-binary." Not the traditional man, not the traditional woman, but something in between. Next word is a word that's used as an insult or a term of offence to people, is "libtard". The "tard" part reminds us of the word "retard" which means disabled person, and the "lib" part comes from "liberal". When you put it together: "libtard" means somebody who's so liberal in their politics or their ideas or their vision and their view of the world, they've actually become retarded and disabled because of it; used as an insult. The next two terms we have to look at together. We've got "globalism" versus "populism". "Populism" in politics is movements like Brexit in the UK, and the election of Donald Trump in the USA. […]
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Learn 35 English phrases for making friends & asking someone out on a date 💃🕺💕💋 Learn 35 English phrases for making friends & asking someone out on a date 💃🕺💕💋
1 month ago En
Learn 35 useful conversational phrases for making friends or asking someone out on a date. Meeting new people can be awkward, especially if you don’t know the language perfectly. In this lesson, I will teach you what to say when you first meet someone new at a class or activity, what to say when you meet someone by chance, and what to say when you want to get to know someone better and to deepen your relationship. Learn these phrases and you will improve your conversational ability in friendship and dating situations. Test your understanding by taking the quiz on this lesson: 35-english-phrases-friends-dating/ Next, watch my video on how to sound more interesting by speaking with RHYTHM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8XVeMLYiNM0&index=26&list=PL-Q2Xro-OWKe-pXnqtUKfD2Gpsbpu6Gl7 TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In today's lesson we're going to look at phrases you can use when you're dating someone, you want to date someone, when you're making friends, or when you want to make friends. And the way this lesson works is there's... There are two people speaking, one person says something, and the other person replies. So let's start here. And all these examples are things that would... A person would say if they met somebody they didn't know before at some kind of class. I suppose it depends where you live, but in London there are so many different kinds of classes you can go to, from exercise classes, for things that are artistic, dance classes, or photography classes, many classes that are based on interests - and that's a really good way for meeting new people. And it seems like many people date that way, really. They go to the photography class because they want to meet someone to date. They're a little bit interested in photography, but you know, they just want to meet new people. So that's how it works in a place like London. If you... If you live somewhere where there's not so many classes, perhaps these kinds of conversations wouldn't be so common where you live, but these are... These are the kinds of conversations you would hear in London if you went to a dance class, a salsa class, that kind of thing. So, number one: "Is it your first time here?" You've met someone, you want to continue the conversation with them, get to know them a bit, you can say: "Is it your first time here?" And the person replies: "I come most weeks." Or they say: "No. I come once in a while". "Once in a while" means not every week. I come one week, then three weeks later I come in an unpredictable way. Number two: "Do you come here often?" This sentence or phrase, this is an innuendo. So, it is a kind of phrase that many people would avoid using if they didn't want to be really direct and show that they were interested in someone in that kind of way. So, if you just want to be friends with someone, maybe you wouldn't say these exact words: "Do you come here often?" So here are the replies: "Not as much as I'd like to.", "Today's my first time." or "It's my first time today." Or you could say: "I'm a regular". "A regular" is a person who goes to the salsa class every single week, they always go. So that's... Being a regular is the opposite to a person who's just going for the first time today. Number three: -"So, how long have you been coming to this photography class?" -"About a year now." Number four, you could say: "Do you go to any other classes?" Now, this question could mean any other similar classes. If, to use the salsa example again, because salsa's quite a popular hobby I suppose to do, in a city like London there's more than one salsa class, and people really into it, they've probably tried different salsa classes, so they could ask that question to you: "Do you go to any other classes?" It means: "Do you go to any other salsa classes?" But it could also mean in general, depending on how you're asking. So it could be: "Well, I'm at salsa today, but I do... I do embroidery on Wednesday", or whatever else you do. Here are the replies: "Sometimes I go to the other one in ______." So, to use a place name in London, I could say: "Sometimes I go to the other one in Brixton." For me to answer that, it means I'm talking about the same kind of class. And I could also say: "This one is my favourite." I mean: This salsa class that I'm at today is my favourite of all the other salsa classes. Or I could say: "This one is my local", and that one suggests I come here because it's the easiest one for me to go to. Another example of that would be a yoga class, because there are so many different yoga classes, perhaps some people prefer to go to the one closest to their house, so they might say that. Next we've got: "How did you find the class?" Now, when I use the word "find" there, it doesn't mean: How did you find the building? Or: "How did you...? How did you get here?" It means more like: "What did you think of the class? Was it interesting for you?" So we can reply this way: "I really enjoyed it. It was good fun." […]
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Learn IRISH slang, vocabulary, and expressions Learn IRISH slang, vocabulary, and expressions
2 months ago En
Top o’ the morning to ya! In this lesson, I’m going to teach you common Irish vocabulary and expressions. This includes words for the family, insults, drinking expressions, and more. The Irish words in this lesson are part of the Irish English dialect. Many of them are not part of standard English. I am NOT Irish. I am English. This video is for people learning English, to give them an introduction to the Irish English accent and dialect. Please forgive me for my attempt at the Irish accent! Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/learn-irish-slang-vocabulary-expressions/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, there. Welcome to the lesson. Today's lesson is an Irish lesson and we're going to learn to speak like Irish people. We're going to learn some expressions that they use over in Ireland and also some slang. And sometimes I'm going to speak like an Irish... Irish clover, not like a real Irish person, but how the clovers over speak there over in Ireland. Okay? So, when you want to begin a conversation, you could say: "What's the craic? What's the craic?" That means: "What's going on?" or "What's the gossip?" A similar phrase is: "What's the sto-...? What's the story? What's the story?" That means: "Hello." You can just... Instead of saying: "How are you?" you just go up to them and say: "What's the story?" it means, like that. Next, our exclamations. Irish is a very... Irish... The character of Irish people, there's so much humour in it that there are so many exclamations that sound very Irish that you can... That you can use. Some of them are clich�s, and I don't think Irish people say them all the time. For example: "Bejesus! Bejesus! Bejesus! Bejesus! Oh, bejesus!" We can say that if we're surprised, or we want to emphasize something. But this is an Irish ism, it doesn't mean they say it all the time, and the same with: "Jesus, Mary, and Joseph! Jesus, Mary, and Joseph!" If we say that, this is like a stereotypical Irish phrase. And maybe the case... Maybe the whole section here is stereotypical phrases that really brings out the Irish character. "Away wit ya! Away with ya! Go away with ya!" That means go... It actually means: "Go away. Go away, you", but we would use that if you... It would be used if you don't believe something. If you don't... If you don't believe what the Irish clover is saying, you can say: "Away with ya! Away with ya!" And if you wanted... If you thought somebody had done something that was offensive or they acted a bit rude or something, you could say: "Oh, the cheek of it! The absolute cheek of it!" That's to show that you're mildly offended about something. Now, this is a Irish phrase that, unlike the other ones isn't stereotypical. This is one that's apparently used now. So it's newer... It's like how the language is evolving and it's a newer kind of expression. If you don't believe what somebody is saying, you think they're being, you know, they're sort of having a joke with you, you don't quite believe them 100% and you may also use this expression if you want the other person to laugh, you can say: "Get out of that garden! Get outta that garden!" And it's just a way of saying... It's a very similar meaning to: "Away with ya!" but a different phrase. Now we've got more phrases, here. For example, if you say: "Fair play to ya. Fair play to ya. Fair play to ya", that means: "Well done." If you think somebody did some... Perhaps something good happened to someone in their life, maybe they got a new job, you could say: "Fair play to ya", it means: "Well done." Irish people are famous for saying: "That's grand. Oh, that's grand." And it means... Well, as an English person if you look at the phrase, you'd think "grand" means something really good, like, brilliant or fantastic, but actually in the Irish use it just means "fine". It's not, like, the most emphatic, enthusiastic. It just means fine. So, if you think something's find or good, you can say: "That's grand. Aye, that's grand." Here's a figure of speech. Whereas over in England people will often say at the end of a sentence: "Do you know what I mean? Do you know what I mean?" in Ireland, they add "like" on the end, so they say: "Do you know what I mean, like? Do you know what I mean, like?" The Irish clover says something, and wants you to agree, will say: "Do you know what I mean, like?" The next, many Irish people are known for having the "gift of the gab". Oh, let's say in terms of the whole world's people, the Irish... The Irish people are known for having the gift of the gab, and that means that they're very good at speaking, very charming when they're speaking. And often when somebody has the gift of the gab then you always want to believe them as well. So, Irish clovers have the gift of the gab, you see? They do. […]
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10 ways to use ALRIGHT & ALL RIGHT in English 10 ways to use ALRIGHT & ALL RIGHT in English
2 months ago En
‘Alright’ is a simple word with lots of different meanings. We use it in so many ways! I will teach you ten different ways that native English speakers use this word in different situations by varying the tone of voice in speech. I’ll also teach you how Cockneys (Londoners) use this word as a greeting and the unexpected way of replying to it as if you’re a local. Also... what's the difference between ‘alright’ and 'all right'? I'll teach you that too, so you won't have any more confusion. Alright? Test your understanding of this lesson with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/10-ways-to-use-alright-all-right/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In today's lesson I'm going to show you ten ways to use the word "alright". Let's begin with some grammar, because there are difference between British English and American English in whether you're writing the word "alright". So, in American English, their preference is to write "all right" as two words. That's considered more grammatically correct. In British English, it depends. Some people say it should always be written as two words, and some people it's now acceptable to write "alright" as one word. Personally, I generally write the word as one word. I write it like this. And that is because I consider it quite an informal expression, and most of the time I use it, it feels to me that it has an informal register. But if you wanted to be really, really certain that you weren't making a grammatical mistake, if you're writing something formal, then you can spell it two words in British English. Okay, let's move now to examples of when we use this word: "alright". What's important to know about this word is it has different meanings, depending on how... On the tone that we use when we say it. Let's start with here. Number one, when we want to reassure someone we can say: "Everything's going to be alright. Don't worry, everything's going to be alright." That's also a song. Do you know it? "Everything's Gonna Be Alright." Sorry about my singing, but Bob Marley told us first that everything's going to be alright. Number two we can use the word "alright" to check: Is something satisfactory? That means: Is it okay? I want to check that the thing I want to do is okay. I can say: "Does this soup taste all right? I want you to tell me. Is it delicious? Does the soup taste all right?" Perhaps I'm going out for the evening, I'm not sure what to wear, so I try on my dress and I ask you: "Is my dress alright? Do you think it's alright for the party?" Number three, we say the word "all right" when we're asking people about their health. Perhaps they've not been well lately, so we can say: "Are you all right?" We can also say that... if this would normally happen if you're walking in the street and somebody falls over, maybe they slip because the pavement's wet or they have a bicycle accident, you can say to them: "Are you all right? Are you all right?" And when we say it fast, then it all blends into one: "Are you all right? Are you all right?" Next we have permission. If you want to sit down somewhere and you're not sure if somebody's already sitting there, you can politely say: "Is it alright if I sit here? Is it alright?" And they will say: "Yeah, sure. Sit down." My next examples are mainly British English examples, and these are informal expressions, things we would say when we're just chatting in conversation. So, here I have spelt "alright" as one word every time. In my previous examples I spelt it two ways to show: Yes, this is possible, and this is also possible; depends on your preference. So, number five, in British English in London specifically, but many other areas, especially in the south of England, we can use "alright" as a greeting, so instead of saying: "Hello. How are you?" we just say to each other: "Alright?" And then they say: "Alright." We don't really put a lot of enthusiasm in it. -"Alright?" -"Alright." So the first "alright" sounds like more of a question. "Alright?" And it depends, the other one sometimes doesn't sound like a question. "Alright. Alright." But they might do the question-sounding one back as well. -"Alright?" -"Alright?" It depends. Then you can also add "mate" or "love"; very, very informal and very familiar kind of language to use. A lot of people don't like to be called "mate" or "love" if they don't actually know you. Some people think it's impolite. So you could say: "Alright, mate?" Or you could say: "Alright, love?" Next we've got when you say yes to something but you don't really mean it, you would rather say no, but you don't feel it's possible. So imagine your mom says to you: "Go and tidy your room", or: "Can you tidy your room today?" You'd say: "Alright." Or you'd say: "Alright." You're saying yes, you'd rather not do it today, but you don't have a choice. So it's not like: "Yes!" It's not enthusiastic. […]
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Learn 48 adjectives in English to describe people with Chinese astrology Learn 48 adjectives in English to describe people with Chinese astrology
3 months ago En
Are you confident and dazzling like a dragon or innocent and humble like a sheep? Loyal as a dog or two-faced like a snake? In Chinese astrology, the years are represented by animals, and each animal has its own positive and negative qualities. Even if you don't care about astrology, it's a great way to learn a lot of vocabulary for describing different types of people. In this video, I'll teach you 48 adjectives using Chinese astrology! Many of these adjectives are quite advanced. 2018 is the Chinese Year of the Dog. Learn the good and bad characteristics associated with the dog, as well as eleven other animals in this video: ox, dragon, sheep, tiger, rabbit, snake, horse, monkey, rooster, boar, and rat. Do you know the animal that represents the year you were born in the Chinese horoscope? I’ll also tell you what animal I am represented by in the Chinese horoscope and tell you my thoughts about it. Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/48-adjectives-chinese-astrology/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In today's lesson we're going to look at Chinese astrology, and I'm going to teach you adjectives that you can use to describe a personality. Now, to do this lesson, you don't have to believe in astrology and you don't have to be that much interested in astrology either. If you do like astrology like I do, then it's even better because you'll learn something about astrology and also some really useful vocabulary for you to use. The way this lesson is organized is that the animals in Chinese astrology are like the signs in Western astrology, and people have different animals to represent them. So, in Chinese astrology, what they do is put the animals into different groups, and there are five groups. We start here with the earth signs, then the wood signs, the fire signs, and later we have the water signs, and the metal signs. And what you can do now is check: Which animal represents you in Chinese astrology? So you just check the year that you were born, and that will show you what animal describes your personality. First of all, we'll start with the ox. The ox is my sign in Chinese astrology. And we don't have any oxes here in England, but the closest thing to an ox would be, like, a big cow or a bull, but we don't have them over here. So, what would describe the ox's personality is to say somebody who is reliable, hardworking, strong, and stubborn. If you think about a... If you... If you imagine the picture of an ox in your head, they have a big, strong body, so they're physically strong, they're reliable, you can trust them to do the work that you need them to do. Even if an ox is tired in the field from working, the ox is so strong that it will continue working. And an ox is also stubborn. It will not... If it's decided what it wants to do, it will not change its mind. And one of my mom's dogs is very, very stubborn for a dog. If I take him for a walk, he decides where he wants to go, and he always want to go to the same park so he can play with his ball. If I try to take him somewhere else, he just stands there and he's so heavy to move, he won't move. He's really, really stubborn. He wants to go to the park, and that's it. He'll just stand like that until I take him to the park. Next animal is the dragon. The dragon is... Well, it's not a real animal, or is it? I don't know. It's not a real animal, but it's confident, imaginative, dazzling, and fiery. So, dragon personalities, dragon people have so much charisma and energy in their personality. Other people look at the dragon as someone that's amazing and unusual in lots of ways. And I heard once, but I don't know if it's true-let me know if it is true in the comments-that in China the years that are the dragon years, many parents want to have a child born in a dragon year, so I heard that there are small baby booms every dragon year. Let me know if you know if that's true. So, a confident person is the opposite of shy, they know what they want, they can go for what they want. An imaginative person, they have many ideas and they think of things first before other people. They're dazzling. Usually we say lights are dazzling when they... They're bright, but they move a bit in your eye, we say: "Oh, it's dazzling", and the dragon dazzles us because it's so amazing. And also the dragon is fiery. Obviously a dragon can breathe fire on us, and in that way the dragon is fiery, but people who are fiery, they have quite a strong temper. You don't want to... You don't want that dragon to be angry with you because you might get scared. Next we have the sheep. People who are born in the Year of the Sheep, we could call them innocent, patient, humble, and conformist people. So, if you think in your head, imagine... Imagine a scene with some sheep in the countryside on the farm with the shepherd, their lives are very innocent in the field. […]
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Accent training exercises: Learn vowel sounds with the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) Accent training exercises: Learn vowel sounds with the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)
4 months ago En
The key to improving your English pronunciation is vowel pronunciation. In this pronunciation lesson, you'll learn the vowels of English through the IPA -- the International Phonetic Alphabet. I will teach you four of the vowel sounds in English: /ɪ/ as in ship, /I:/ as in sheep, /ʊ/ as in cook, and /u:/ as in blue. We will compare and contrast these vowel phonemes in different practical exercises so that you can hear and remember them. This lesson is both for beginners who are completely new to the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) as well as for advanced learners who could benefit from some revision of the English vowel sounds to improve their clarity and accent. If you're ready to learn all the sounds of English and take your accent to the next level, take my Clear Speech course: https://www.engvid.com/out/jadeaccentcourse TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. A quick message before we get started on today's lesson. When you're speaking English, are you constantly getting misunderstood? Are people asking you to repeat yourself a lot? Or perhaps are they looking at you with a confused face, perhaps pretending they know what you're saying when really they don't understand? If your answer is yes and you're at that stage where you already know English and you can communicate, the problem is nobody else understands you, then I really want you to watch until the end of this lesson because I'm going to tell you about my Clear Accent Training Course. So, stay watching until the end of the lesson, and I'll tell you how you can speak clearly and get over that stage of being misunderstood and all the frustrations that come with it. Hi, everyone. In this lesson I'm going to teach you four English vowels, and I'm going to teach you those vowels in IPA. I'll teach you those symbols. When I was learning IPA it took me the longest time to remember the sounds and to associate them with the symbols. It actually took years; a really long time. So I'm not sure... I'm not sure if I was really slow to learn this or it's... For some people it's easier than others, but anyway, this lesson comes from what helps me to learn, which is when I practiced rather than just try to memorize, it's when I get to experience the different sounds and that way it sticks in my memory and that way I know. And another thing is we're only looking at four sounds because we don't want: "Ah! Ah!" overwhelm, confusion. And we're looking at four sounds because these four sounds are related, and when we learn them we learn them in comparison to the other sounds. So here they are: "I:", "I", "?", "U:". So you can do this along with me while you're watching the video. "I:", "I", "?", "U:". Here's a drawing of a tongue. What happens when we make these four sounds is that our tongue moves in position... The tongue height changes in position and moves backwards from one sound to the other. Now, you might need to practice this many times and get used to the feeling of... See if you can put your awareness and your concentration on the shape of your tongue, and feel it as it moves back through the sounds. "I:", "I", "?", "U:". Do that enough times so that you can feel your tongue moving, and that's how you know they're related. We can also go backwards the other way, we can go: "U:", "?", "I", "I:". That's harder for me; I had to think about it. Let's look now at the lip shapes when we make these sounds. For I:, I've got an English mouth so I don't actually move that much, but when I make these sounds I go from the widest lips position to the most rounded lips position. "I:", "I", "?", "U:". So, "U:" you can see is more rounded, and I start in the widest position: "I:". Depending on who's teaching you, who you're looking at, depending on how wide their lips are, how big their mouth is, it's easier to see. But I've got a small English mouth, so you can't really see it that well on me. So, practice that, going backwards and forwards. Look in a mirror as well, and that way you can see how your lip shape changes when you make the sounds. Okay, here we have two columns, these are called minimal pairs. This is for "I:", this is for "I". The words are the same, except the vowel has changed. We have: "beet", "I:", "I:", and then we have: "bit". So the only difference is the vowel. "Beet", "bit". And the same through the rest of the list. "Sheep", "ship"; "deep", "dip"; "feet", "fit"; "cheap", "chip"; "piece", "piss"; "he'll", "hill". When we do the minimal pairs, we get to feel in our mouths and also we get to contrast the two sounds. It's helpful when we're learning IPA. But the problem is not all the sounds have pairs of words for us to repeat and to memorize. Let's look at this column now. In this column we're comparing the sounds for "?" and "U:". […]
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How to find the online English tutor for YOU How to find the online English tutor for YOU
5 months ago En
Do you want to learn English online? Are you looking for an English teacher who will tutor you on Skype or some other video chat? In this video, I'll give you my top tips about taking private or group English lessons online. How do you find the right tutor for you? How many hours a week should you take? What should you talk about? What about IELTS preparation? I answer these questions and more in this video. I taught privately online for many years, so I know what I'm talking about! Next, watch my video on how to do a Skype interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cu_mQsWJA_Q If you want to chat with native speaker English teachers from your phone or browser, try Cambly. If you go through this link, you will get 15 minutes free: https://www.engvid.com/out/cambly Take a quiz on this video here: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-find-the-online-english-tutor-for-you/ TRANSCRIPT: Hey, guys. Here are my best tips for finding a really good language teacher who will work with you on Skype in one-to-one appointments, private lessons, so that you can learn a new language. What is the reason that you want to have lessons? Because the kind of teacher you look for will be different, depending on the reason. So, first of all, if you want a conversational teacher because you're going on holiday soon to England and you want to get ready, or you want to wake up your tongue and remember all the English you know, then pick a teacher that you've got good rapport with, so that when you talk to each other on Skype you don't feel really awkward and sort of run out of things to say, and go silent and all those kinds of things. You want to be doing your lessons with a teacher you are happy and comfortable to talk to, especially in a conversational class. Another thing that can help those kind of appointments for conversational practice is for you to prepare before the kind of things that you would like to use the time speaking about. So if you've got a few ideas before the lesson with the teacher, it should mean that you won't run out of things to say or it won't get a bit boring. Now, if your reason for the Skype appointments is because you are taking an exam, for example, IELTS, then you want to pick a teacher who actually knows about that exam, because not all teachers have experience with it. So be sure to check the reviews. And if you're using a website, read carefully your teacher's introduction about themselves so that you know: "Can this teacher actually speak...? Actually teach the exam class I'm looking for?" And don't waste your money on a teacher who's like: "Oh yeah, I don't know about it, but yeah, I'm sure I can do it. I'm sure I can get you ready for your exam." Just be confident that your teacher that you meet on Skype really knows how to do the best for you and help you prepare for your exam. So another thing that you should think about is: How often do you want to meet this teacher? Because consider that it's just going to be the two of you talking over Skype, and sometimes you'll be using PDFs and other things to look at on the screen, but it's just going to be the two of you. So, if you do many, many, many, many hours together, it can be quite intense because you're seeing this teacher so often and spending so much time just together. For a lot of people meeting no more than three times a week, three hours is more than enough to be constantly meeting the same teacher. If you really need to have lots and lots and lots of hours because perhaps now your level's not very high, have a think about whether you should try group online classes. It's a completely different style of teaching, but they can be really good for learning vocabulary, covering basics. If you're quite lazy just to learn something on your own, then doing the group class can be a good way to just get those hours in basically. And then when your level is a lot better, then maybe then you can look into some one-to-one appointments or if you want to work on your accent, you can do so then. So, thank you so much for watching guys. I hope this is going to help you next time you're looking for... Next time or the first time you're looking for a Skype teacher online. Before you go, make sure that you check out our quiz on this lesson. And thanks a lot. See ya later. Bye-bye.
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ENGLISH SLANG – 15 trendy fashion words ENGLISH SLANG – 15 trendy fashion words
5 months ago En
Learn new vocabulary about beauty and fashion. Just like fashion trends, the words we use in English to talk about makeup, clothing, hair, and style, change quickly. The words that are used today are not the same as five years ago. There is a whole world of beauty vloggers and fashion hauls on YouTube. If you’re into fashion, you’ll want to look en point when wearing items from your most recent haul. If makeup is your thing, you’ll be wearing a red lip or using a palette to get a smoky eye. You’ll be sporting balayage or ombre hair (don’t worry -- I’ll teach you how to pronounce those new French-origin words too!). Watch and never forget the boyfriends of Instagram. Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/english-slang-15-trendy-fashion-words/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson we're going to look at trendy fashion words. These are words that I'm hearing used a lot now around our times, so let's have a look through the words and learn them one-by-one so we can sound really cool and fashionable. Let's start with: "en pointe". If something is en pointe, it means perfect, it looks so good. What you're wearing today, that dress, your dress is en pointe. It's so fashionable, it's so, so hot right now. Very similar meaning to something being "on-trend". If we think about the word "trendy", it means fashionable. But to say something is trendy isn't fashionable enough anymore, we have to change it and say: "on-trend". We could also change it and say: "bang-on-trend". If it's bang-on-trend, it's even more now, happening right this minute. Next, if we're talking about makeup... When I was younger we used to talk about wearing lipstick or wearing red lipstick, or a pink lipstick, but now instead of saying the word "lipstick", it's described as: "I'm wearing a red lip today." And the same thing, instead of saying: "eye shadow", "Oh, I bought this eye shadow. It's blue. Look at it on my eyes", you don't say that because it doesn't... Doesn't sound... Doesn't sound fashionable enough, it doesn't sound like you know about makeup. So, what people who know about makeup say is they say: "Oh, today I'm wearing a smokey eye." I'm not wearing a smokey eye, I haven't got anything on, but a smokey eye is when the eye shadow looks grey or dark, and it's most often worn at night when you're going out. You get your eye shadow these days in "palettes". And instead of wearing just one eye shadow, like, wearing a pink eye shadow, the eye shadow palette comes with about... Well, as many as you want I suppose, but from 4 to 12 eye shadows, and what they do is they put on the different eye shadows from the palette. So, they will talk about creating the smokey eye from palette number three, or whatever. Next is a makeup term that's been around for a few years. This makeup term came from when the Kardashians got famous because the kind of makeup Kim Kardashian would use was a kind of makeup that shades her face to give it a certain... To make it look like there's more shadow on the face and a more dramatic kind of foundation, which is done with different brushes. It's a kind of makeup technique called "contouring". Apparently it comes... Apparently it's a makeup technique that's been around for ages, but before, drag queens used to use it, men who... Men who were still men, but dressed up as women mostly for performance and being in shows and things like that. So it originally comes from there. And I did experiment with contouring. I once watched a few too many YouTube videos, and it all went terribly wrong, so moving on from contouring. Next we have "drugstore makeup". In England we don't have drugstores, we have pharmacies where you go and buy your medicine, and you can buy toiletries, but we don't have drugstores. We have chains of drugstores, for example, Boots or Superdrug, and you can go in there and buy makeup, but we never call those places drugstores. Yet, when people talk about makeup now, the younger generation, they will... They will talk about buying drugstore makeup, which means the kind of makeup that only... Only costs you a few pounds to buy, it's not the really, really expensive makeup, and you can... You can buy it easily, close... Close... Close where you live. So, drugstore makeup is the kind of makeup you can do that doesn't cost you so much money as the really expensive brands. So that's an American term, but it's being used a lot here now in England. The next... The next two terms are about hair. These are newer fashionable techniques for dying your hair, and the two words come from French. In the English pronunciation we'd say: "balayage".
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Learn all about Guy Fawkes & BONFIRE NIGHT Learn all about Guy Fawkes & BONFIRE NIGHT
6 months ago En
What is Bonfire Night in England? Who was Guy Fawkes and why do people wear his mask? In this English culture and history lesson I talk about the traditions of Guy Fawkes night and tell you the story of the Gunpowder Plot, which happened on November 5th 1605. Find out why Guy Fawkes wanted to blow up The Houses of Parliament and what happened to him when the plot was discovered. Find out also about how he was gruesomely tortured in The Tower of London for his attempt to kill King James I. I'll show you how we celebrate Bonfire Night in England today, and how these celebrations have changed even within my own lifetime. And finally, Guy Fawkes himself will perform V’s introductory speech from V for Vendetta. https://www.engvid.com/guy-fawkes-bonfire-night/ Watch more of my videos about England: Walk with me in London's Covent Garden: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpnDAGVEeZg Learn about the London Street Accent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbCiNdAAUM4 TRANSCRIPT Good day to you, students. In this lesson I'm going to talk to you about Bonfire Night and a man who once lived, called Guido Fawkes. We start with a story from a long time ago, in the year 1533, the king of England was King Henry VIII. And what King Henry did was he established the Church of England, and he split away from the Church of Rome and created a new religion called Protestantism. Then, in the long history that passed by, there were troubles between Catholics who wanted their religion to stay the same, and Protestants in the long history of England. Sometimes Catholicism was a religion of England, and other times Protestantism was the religion of England. So there were many troubles at that time. We move forward to the year 1605, a different king, a different time. King James I was the king of England. Now, something terrible happened to King James I, and this is where our story gets really exciting. It was the 5th of November, in the year of 1605. It should have been just any other day in the parliament, the Houses of Parliament in London. But this was not just any day in the Houses of Parliament, for this was the day there was a plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament with 36 barrels of gunpowder. Pew. But, actually, it did not happen. Why did somebody want to blow up the Houses of Parliament? There was a man, called Guy Fawkes or Guido Fawkes, as he was also known, and he wanted to blow up the Houses of Parliament and he wanted to kill King James I. And the reason for this terrible act to want to kill the king was because Guy Fawkes was a Catholic, and James I, as the king of England at that time, was a Protestant king. And Guy Fawkes, he wanted more rights for Catholics, so he believed in what he was doing, he thought if he blows up the Houses of Parliament, pew: "I shall get everything that I want and life in England should be good for Catholics." But no, it did not work out that way. It did not happen because an anonymous letter was sent to one of the fine gentlemen who usually sits in the Houses of Parliament who was supposed to be there on that day, the great Lord Monteagle. And he received this letter, and can you imagine his surprise when he opened this letter and it said: "Do not go to the Houses of Parliament on the 5th of November because something might happen. Do not go." Now, of course, Mr. Lord Monteagle thought: "Well, this is... This is strange to receive such a letter. What might happen if I go to the Houses of Parliament on this day?" So he raised the alarm, and they went to search the Houses of Parliament, and that's where they discovered the 36 barrels of gunpowder, but just in time. It did not blow up. So, who...? Who was behind this, this treasonous act, who was it? Who wanted to blow up the king and the Houses of Parliament? Why, it was me, it was me, it was Guy Fawkes. So, what did they do when they caught poor me, Guy Fawkes? Well, it was terrible, more terrible than you could ever imagine. First, they took me to the Tower of London, the terrible Tower of London and there they tortured me, like torture you have never heard so terrible before. More painful than you can ever imagine. They put me on the rack and they stretched out my arms and my legs until I was screaming and crying in pain for them to stop. They stretched my body so long, it was going on forever. I thought I would die, die of the agony. And they told me: "Confess to your... Confess to your terrible crimes. Confess. We will stop torturing you, we will stop stretching your limbs. All you must do is sign this confession. Sign, and we will stop torturing you." So I did what I could. My hands were like jelly, I couldn't hold the pen. I did what I could to sign my name and they did stop torturing me, but that was not the end.
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Speed up your English...x5! Speed up your English...x5!
7 months ago En
Speed up your English by learning relaxed pronunciation. I will teach you how to say questions with ‘do’ and ‘did’ in a natural, flowing way. The secret to speaking fast is that there are no clear word boundaries. Whole syllables may be missed completely ("elision"), individual sounds may change ("assimilation"), or completely new sounds may appear ("intrusion"). No matter whether you are a beginner or an advanced speaker of English, I’ll break down the pronunciation for you in the clearest possible way. I’ll also teach you a little IPA (the International Phonetic Alphabet), so that you can be sure that you are saying each question phrase perfectly. Learn to say all the question phrases in this lesson and you will speak fast -- like a native speaker of English. If you want to improve your accent and speaking ability in English further, take my accent course! LEARN MORE ABOUT MY ACCENT COURSE: https://www.engvid.com/out/jadeaccentcourse TRANSCRIPT Hi everyone. I'm English Jade and I teach English over here at EngVid. But did you also know that I'm an accent and clear speech teacher? And I have a really important question for you: I want to know if your accent is your weakness. If it is, be sure to watch until the end of todays lesson because that's when I'm going to tell you all about my accent training course, Clear Accent, which teaches you how to speak in a really clear and natural way. But first of all, we've got to do today's lesson, so let's get started. Hi, everyone. In this lesson I'm going to teach you how you can speed up your English times five, and I'm also going to teach Ratty, here, Ratty the kangaroo how he can speak much faster because since... Since he's moved over from Australia he's realized that he speaks too slowly, so that's why we're doing this lesson today. You'll get some tips to speed up your English. All right, so we've got some question phrases in this column, and here we've got what those question phrases sound like when native speakers are talking in a relaxed way, and here in this column we've got the IPA transcription. Don't be afraid of this. Ratty... Ratty doesn't know how to read this, so I'm going to explain it as I go, but this column here is important because this tells us exactly the way to say it, whereas using just the English letters I can't write down the exact thing that I'm saying because we don't have letters for all the sounds. So we'll use the two columns, and together we'll speed up your English times five. Does that sound good? Ratty says it sounds good. Okay, let's start with: "How's it going? How's it going?" If I want to say it really slowly, which I don't, I would say: "How is it going?" Take me all day to say that. But when a native speaker says it, it's: -"How-zit goin? How-zit goin? How-zit goin? How-zit goin? How-zit goin?" -"It's going good." -"How-zit goin?" If we look at the transcription here: "How-zit", "How is it" becomes two sounds: "How's it going?" If we look here, where's the "g"? It's not: "How's it going?" because it takes me more time and care to say the "g". When I'm just speaking in a relaxed way, I say: "How's it goin?" And also to notice here is that the "s": "How's" becomes a "z". "How-zit goin? How-zit goin?" And where the "s" would be here at the end of: "How's", it joins the next syllable, it joins "it", "zit": "How-zit goin? How-zit goin?" Does that sound good? He says it's good. He's a little bit faster. Let's look at the next example: -"How's your mum? How's your mum? How is your mum? How's your mum?" -"She's good, she's in Australia. She's having a good time there." -"How's your mum? Howz yuh-mum? Howz yuh-mum?" So what changes in this sentence? "How is your mum?" First thing that stands out is "your" becomes "yuh": "yuh mum". "How is yuh mum? Howz yuh-mum?" We've got a similar thing happening here with the "s" becomes a "z": "Howz", "Howz". "Howz yuh-mum?" Next example: "How's Tom? How's Tom?" "z" instead of "s": "Howz Tom?" And this symbol here is the "?" symbol. It looks like a backwards "a", and I should point out this symbol as well. We've seen it in the previous examples. This is: "?", "owl", "owl", "owl". "Howz Tom?" ? is a diphthong. A diphthong means when two vowel sounds blend one into the other, so this symbol here isn't two separate sounds. It's one sound changing into another quickly: "Howz Tom?" Okay, I need to move you to my other arm. Is that all right? Said: "It's good." Next: "How do you get there? How do you get there?" If I'm speaking really slowly... Really, really slowly like Ratty speaks: "How do you get there?" Ain't got time to listen to that. -"How-jew get there? How-jew get there? How-jew get there?" -"By plane?" -"How-jew get there?"
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Drinking tea in England Drinking tea in England
8 months ago En
England is often called a nation of tea drinkers… Fancy a cuppa? In this English culture lesson, I’m going to teach you about drinking tea in England. We’ll explore the long history of drinking tea in England going back to the eighteenth century when tea was an upper class drink. I’ll also teach you the difference between ‘posh tea’ and ‘builder’s tea’, which has to do with the different preferences for drinking tea that correspond to the different social classes in England. And finally, I’ll teach you some expressions and sentences related to drinking tea so that you know exactly what to say the next time an English person asks you whether you’d ‘like a cuppa’. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/drinking-tea-in-england/ MORE VIDEOS ABOUT ENGLISH CULTURE: English Culture: Manners & How to be polite: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8hV7lJyC3Eg 3 popular slang words in British English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0JUlo0ETZY Welcome to London - Tour: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpnDAGVEeZg TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson I'm going to talk to you about drinking tea in England. You probably know that we drink a lot of tea over here in England, and we have been drinking tea for a really, really long time. Tea started to come here in the 18th century, and that was the time when the British were exploring the world and trading, and bringing back... Bringing back the things that they found in other countries and selling them to people in England. So tea was once an upper-class drink, and you had to have a lot of money if you wanted to drink tea. And back then there was a place for you to keep your tea, it was called a tea caddy, a box, and often they had locks on them because tea was so expensive back then. Obviously it's a very different story now. It's not like that about tea. And back then when... In these older times when the upper-class people were drinking tea, one of the ways for you to display your wealth, and status, and how much money you had was by investing money in your tea sets, lovely... Lovely little cups that you can drink your tea from, you drink it very, very slowly and drink your tea like this, and pour from the teapot ever so slowly. That's how they... Tea was a whole social event back in the 18th century, and it was a way for women to get together with their friends in the afternoon and spend time talking, so tea was a... Tea was a big change in the upper-class culture back then, and ever since those times we've been drinking tea, but now everybody drinks tea in England. Well, maybe not everybody because it could be the case that the... The golden years of tea drinking in England are over. The years that tea was the most part of English culture, because now lots more people drink coffee. And even when I was younger, like 20 years ago, not so many people drank coffee. And if you go around in London now you'll see lots and lots of coffee shops everywhere. People do still drink tea, but it seems to be changing that they drink tea at home or they drink tea at work, but when they're out walking around or they stop to get a hot drink somewhere, then they drink coffee. So times are changing in England, but yet it's still very useful for us to know about the language of drinking tea, and something about the culture of it. English tea is also an experience that people coming to England like to have as a tourist experience, so they might want to go out for afternoon tea, which means to go to a lovely hotel somewhere and have tea. You know, like the old times when they use the teapot and you drink it all slowly like this, you can still drink like that today in the lovely hotels that we've got in London. They're very posh. Very posh, expensive hotels. You can still drink tea that way and it is a really nice experience that I recommend to anyone if they're coming to England or specifically London on a holiday and you'd like to do something a bit different. Okay, so let's start by talking about posh tea. What is it exactly? Now, I know the English are famous in many countries for ruining their tea, and drinking it in the worst way possible because in many countries they cannot imagine that people would drink tea with milk in it. To them it's a disgusting idea. Why would you do that? Well, that's the way most people drink their tea in England even today. Except if you are very, very posh and you have a very, very, very expensive tea, then it's probably the case that you don't drink it with milk. So, instead of having milk tea or milky tea, you drink your tea black just with the tea leaves, no milk, or you would drink that tea with a slice of lemon. And if you drink it this way without the milk, some people would say you get more of the true flavour of the tea and you're not spoiling it with the milk taste.
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Passive-Aggressive Language Passive-Aggressive Language
8 months ago En
What is passive-aggressive language? In this lesson I talk you through examples of passive-aggressive communication, which happens when a person is angry but their anger is not directly expressed. You’ve probably experienced a situation in which someone tells you that everything is fine, even though that person is actually angry: this is an example of passive aggression. I'm not recommending that you communicate passive-aggressively! This lesson is designed for you to learn the different forms of passive-aggressive communication and typical phrases people use, so that you can improve your own communication and express your needs more directly. It will also help you to recognize when someone's confusing behaviour towards you is being driven by passive aggression. TAKE THE QUIZ ON THIS LESSON: https://www.engvid.com/passive-aggressive-language/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. In this lesson we're going to talk about passive aggression or being passive aggressive. A passive-aggressive person finds it really hard to say what they really want and what they really need, and sometimes they feel like they can't directly be angry. So their words come out as if their words mean: "That's fine", or "That's okay", or "I'm feeling good", but actually the real meaning of what they're saying is opposite. The words, if we just listen to the words, they're not showing that the person's angry, but the true meaning of what they're trying to say shows that they're not happy about something. And if you wondered why I'm wearing this cape today it's because it protects me from passive-aggressive comments in my videos. So let's have a look at the different kinds of passive aggression. This will help you to get more of an idea what it is. We've got overt passive aggression and covert passive aggression. When something's overt, it's obvious, it's more obvious, we can see it; and when something is covert it's like hidden. So let's start with overt passive aggression, the more obvious kinds. Someone... Someone's not happy with you, they can give you the "silent treatment", that's when they're just like: "Umph." They won't talk to you, they're sort of ignoring you, and they want you to know that you're really pissed off with them, you're really angry with them, and you're so angry you can't talk. So it might be for a few hours, it might be for a few weeks. Sometimes married couples don't speak to each other for weeks if they do this silent treatment thing. When you give someone the "cold shoulder" that's when you're around that person, but you make no effort to be warm to them, to be nice to them. It's a bit like just... It's a big like ignoring them or just showing that: "Oh, I don't... I don't... I don't want to know you. I just don't want to know you." And a very clear, direct way of giving someone the cold shoulder would be if somebody said: "Hi" or maybe wanted to shake your hand, and it would be so direct if you just didn't shake their hand or you're like: "Hi", that sometimes happens. Now let's look at covert passive aggression. This is when it's less obvious and sometimes you have to really think about it: "What is this person doing? Am I...? Am I mad? Am I making this up? Is it true?" Okay, so now I admit that I have been once very skilled in the arts of passive aggression myself, and one of my jobs when I was 17 years old, I worked in a fake Italian restaurant, and I hated this job. And one of the ways I showed how much I hated it was my job was making... Making desserts and serving the drinks, and one of the ways I showed I hated this job was to put the desserts on the plate in a way where they looked as bad as they possibly could, but only just passing. So the... So the waiters would still take them out, or the manager of the restaurant would come and look at it and think: "This looks... This looks bad", and he would be a bit annoyed with me, but he would still take it because there's more things to do. So in my little teenager head, every time I made those desserts look bad, I was like: "Haha, hahahaha. Ha, I hate this job." Right. Moving on to "procrastination", that means taking a really long time before you actually do something or get it done. So, have you ever been in a situation where you ask someone to do something for you and they keep saying: "Yeah, in a minute, yeah, it's just coming, I'm just about to do it", and it still doesn't happen; you have to ask them about 10 times? That can be a form of covert passive aggression. Not every time, obviously. It just... It depends if someone is always doing it. "Constantly late" is another one. Sometimes if people just don't really care that much, they'll be late and late and late, and also sometimes they're late because they... They just find it really hard to say: "I don't want to meet you at that time that we arranged." They find it really hard to say: "I'd rather meet at 7."
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When to use "A" or "AN" in a sentence... and when NOT to! (Indefinite Articles) When to use "A" or "AN" in a sentence... and when NOT to! (Indefinite Articles)
9 months ago En
In this grammar lesson, you will learn exactly when to use the indefinite articles "a" and "an" in an English sentence. Using these articles correctly will dramatically improve your English because they are so frequently used. Many English learners make mistakes because indefinite articles don't exist in many languages like Arabic, Hebrew, Turkish, and Polish. But even if your language doesn't have them, don't worry. I'll explain the clear rules for when you must use indefinite articles. You'll also see examples of how indefinite articles are used in common speech, so you get a feel for what is right. Let's get started, so you can master this important part of English grammar! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/when-to-use-indefinite-articles/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson we're going to look at when to us "a" or "an". In these sentences if we remove "a" sometimes the sentence is grammatically incorrect or it sounds wrong, or sometimes the sentence is still correct but it changes the meaning. So this lesson is about when we need to use "a" or "an" in the sentence instead of "the" or not having it all so that we get the correct meaning. Let's start with... These are different grammar rules for when to use "a" or "an". Let's start with when something is unspecified or known. Here are some examples, when I say: "He has a cat.", or I say: "I'm going to buy a tent.", or I say: "Do you want a beer?" these are all examples of something unspecified. I know he has a cat, but I don't know this cat personally, so I just say: "a cat". When I say: "He has the cat", I mean that one and you know the one I'm talking about. He has the cat. When I say: "I'm going to buy the tent", the meaning is different because that sentence, "the tent", "I'm going to buy the tent" is as if I've already decided it and talked about, and chosen the tent before. Not a tent. I'll go to the shop, I'll look at them, I'll buy that one. So this one is unspecified and this one is known. For anybody who doesn't know what the word "tent" is, we use a tent when we go camping and we sleep outside. We zip open the tent, we sleep inside there. And the last example, again: "Do you want a beer?" I mean a beer in general, one of these here, here you go. When I say: "Do you want the beer?" there's only one beer there, last one. Moving on, one of something. "I'll have a glass of red wine." That means one. Perhaps you'd say that when you're ordering at a bar: "I'll have a glass of red wine, please." Number two here: "He has a daughter." Means the same as he has one daughter. And the next example: "I've got two apples and an orange." In this sentence we have the number two for two apples, but we only mean one orange, so we say "an orange". I can also say: "I've got two apples and one orange", but this sentence makes sense as well. If you're wondering: "Why is it 'an' here and not 'a'", go and check out Gill's lesson on when to use "a" or "an". So pause this video and come back after. Moving on, looking at jobs now, we say: "She's a teacher.", "Mr. Smith is a police officer.", and we say: "Rachel is a nurse." These sentences are wrong if I remove the "a". "She's teacher", wrong. "Mr. Smith is police officer", wrong. And: "Rachel is nurse", wrong. Depends on your native language, but if you don't use articles... For example, in the Polish language or Arabic, many people speaking English, especially at intermediate level do not use "a" in their sentences. So it's a very common mistake to say something like: "She's teacher." And see if you can hear me saying "a", because if you're not used to those articles you might not even hear it. So listen carefully again this time: "She's a teacher." "a" becomes "e": "She's e teacher.", "Mr. Smith is a police officer.", "e". "Rachel is a nurse." So I say it really quickly. So you might not hear it so easily when I'm saying it, but if you don't say it... If you say: "Rachel is nurse", I can hear that every time, so remember that. Number four, religions or ideologies. We say: "He's a Christian.", "They are Hindus." A quick note here about these capital letters: Because these religions are names, we use a capital letter there. "Karl Marx was a communist.", and "Margaret Thatcher was a conservative." Moving on to number five which is social movements or trends. When we're describing that someone belongs to a group in this way or follows a particular trend, that's when we use "a". "He's a biker." means the same thing as: "He's a Hell's Angel." These are the people that ride the Harley Davidson motorbikes, they wear all leather clothes, beards, and bandanas, and ride around on their bikes in a motorcycle gang. We don't say: "He's the biker", or: "He's the Hell's Angel", because that changes the meaning of the sentence. If I say: "He's the biker", it would be in a situation where somebody said: "Where's the biker? Where is he here?" And I say: "He's the biker."
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Formal & Informal Vocabulary: Using French words in English Formal & Informal Vocabulary: Using French words in English
10 months ago En
Have you ever wondered why we have so many words for the same thing in English? It's because we used to speak Anglo-Saxon until the French king William the Conqueror invaded us and brought the French language with him. French never became the language of the peasants and ordinary people; it was only spoken in the court of the king and among the powerful. For this reason, French words in English are more formal than their Anglo-Saxon synonyms. In this lesson, we will look at some English history, and I will give you examples of formal and informal words and where they came from. I am fascinated by the evolution of the English language -- how it has developed, changed, and adapted over time. Perhaps English is the world’s number one language for international communication because it always adapts, incorporating new words from different cultures and bringing these into the English language itself. Striking the right register -- knowing the right word to use in the right situation -- is incredibly important in English. English learners often use vocabulary that is more formal than a native speaker would use, so watch the lesson to learn how to correct this, so you can sound more natural when speaking English. https://www.engvid.com/formal-informal-vocabulary-french-anglo-saxon TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is a little bit of a history lesson of the English language. We're going to talk about why English has so many synonyms, why we don't just have one word to things, sometimes there's more than one word for it. I'm also going to talk about informal language and formal language, why there's always so much of a choice in English. And the reason is because we always have this split in English between words that come from an Anglo Saxon origin and words that come from a French origin, and it's said that about 30... 30% of words actually have a... Can't speak today. Have a French origin and we still use those words today. And generally, the ones that come from French, they have a more formal quality to them, and the ones that come from Anglo Saxon are more neutral and they're the ones that native speakers use all time when they're speaking just among each other. But first I'm going to recite a little bit of a poem for you because this poem comes from Middle English, and the English that you'll hear is really different to the English that I'm speaking now. It will be like I'm speaking a different language, but what you will hear is the blend between Anglo Saxon words and French words. Okay? So let's see if I remember it. Whan that Aprill, with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the roote And bathed every veyne in swich licour, Of which vertu engendred is the flour. And I could continue, but I won't. And that comes from a really famous poem in English taken from The Canterbury Tales, and it's the first part of The Canterbury Tales called the general prologue. And it's in Middle English, the time when the peasants spoke Anglo Saxon English-peasants are the poor people-and all the rulers spoke French. And the reason that happened is because in 1066 there was a big battle when a French king of a part of France called Normandy came and defeated the English king at that time, and then he became king of England. So when he became king of England, he brought all his people over and the language of power in England at that time became French. So everybody who was in a position of power spoke French. So in the course the... Every decision-maker in England spoke French. Meanwhile, all the peasants just carried on speaking Anglo Saxon like they did before, and the words that they used and the language they spoke came from Germany and Norway. They were different tribes and before they came over to England. So there were two different languages going on. Plus it was only much later that the two... The two languages blended to become one language that we speak now that we have both, have both Anglo Saxon words and French words in our language. What else is important to say about it? I know there's something I've missed. Hopefully I'll remember what I missed. Oh yes. And because the kings and the ruling people spoke in French and the peasants spoke in Anglo Saxon, I feel like that distinction is still there. So when we're not trying to be formal or official or anything, we use words of Anglo Saxon origin. Only when we're trying to express ourselves in a very elegant way or an official way do we use the French origin words. So even though our language has become one thing, we're still keeping this idea in our language that the French words are sort of higher.
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English Culture: Manners & How to be polite English Culture: Manners & How to be polite
11 months ago En
In this video, you'll learn about English manners. I'll tell you what we in England consider polite and impolite, and then go into detail about how we eat at the table, make and cancel plans, visit friends, and so much more. Some of these cultural aspects of living in England are different even from other English-speaking countries like the USA! Knowing these rules can help you make friends, get jobs, and even get into a romantic relationship. This video is especially important if you're living or travelling in England -- you could offend someone without even knowing it! Watch the video and leave your shoes ON! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-culture-manners/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. In this lesson we're going to look at manners in England. Here are the things that are considered polite, and the things that are not considered polite. So this is a talk about the culture, things that people do here in England, and the things that traditionally have been the most acceptable behaviour. Let's start with the things that are very important. So, I'm sure you already know this one: English people and queuing. "Queuing" is when you stand in a line when you don't... When you want something. You don't just, like, run up there to the front or push. You queue in a line. So, we queue up at the bank, for example, or we queue up when we want to get on a bus and there's some other people already there. Now, of course, in London because there are so many people and also not everyone is English so they have their manners from where they came from, you won't always see people queuing to get on the bus or on the tube, but you do generally still see people queuing up in a shop when they need to buy something. Next we have: It's very important to bring a bottle, and that means when you go to somebody's dinner party you take a bottle of wine when you go to the meal there. If you don't want to bring a bottle of wine, you can bring dessert or you can bring some flowers or some chocolates, but the general phrase and the general idea of it is bringing a bottle, as in a bottle of wine. Next we have RSVP. This is a term that comes from French: "R�pondez s'il vous plait", and this is a much more formal invitation that you get. If you're going to something, a special event like somebody's wedding... Because weddings are really expensive and they have to be organized so long in advance, people having the wedding really want to know if you're coming. So when you RSVP to the invitation it means you're definitely going, you will be there. So once you've RSVP'd, it's very, very impolite not to go. You must go if you RSVP. Next, I think that in England it's very important to be on time. We do tend to be punctual people, attend... Attend meetings at the right time, turn up to our jobs at the right time, or meet friends at the right time, most of us. Of course, there are those people who are always late for everything, but most people in general do things on time or even, like me, I always end up being 10 minutes early. I just can't help that. So I waste a lot of time being too early. Now let's look at table manners. Some of the things in the table manners' section are changing as people become more relaxed about eating and eating out. But these were all... These are all manners that people follow in more formal situations. Perhaps at home or with your very close friends it would be different. Now, I don't mean it's different for this first one. I'm not saying it's ever acceptable anywhere to slurp, burp-I can't do a burp noise. Anyway, you know what a burp is-and fart. Fart is noise from the other end. These things are never acceptable at the dinner table. Mm-mm, mm-mm. So, no eating noises or doing that when you eat. It's not acceptable. Elbows on the table, in a formal situation you're not going to do that, but relaxed with friends a lot of people do put their elbows on the table these days, not such a big deal. Drinking before... Just drinking your drink before somebody said: "Cheers" is considered impolite, but it's also a sign of being familiar with people. If you're familiar with them you don't have to go: "Oh, cheers for this drink and opportunity to drink with you." So it depends who it is. Using a mobile in the restaurant or when you're eating socially with people is considered rude, so to be like: "Oh, hold on. Let me just take this call. I'm so important, I've got to, you know, talk business", or something is considered rude, or to be like all the time texting on your phone. Of course it happens, and young people and teenagers are definitely going to do it more than older people, but on the whole it's considered impolite.
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3 popular slang words in British English 3 popular slang words in British English
2 years ago En
Learn the most popular slang used in England! I'll teach you the definitions of these words and how you can use them to sound posh, middle class, or childish! We'll be looking at: "sorted", a trendy word that is often used in advertising; "innit", a very common word that you can use in informal conversations; and "dab", which is most often used by children and usually includes a bit of a dance. You won't learn this slang vocabulary in grammar books, so watch this video, then do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/3-popular-slang-words-in-british-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. In this lesson we're going to talk about three slang words that I hear around in London all the time. I'm sitting on a bus, someone uses this word; walking down the street in the supermarket, hear these words. These words are just, like, following me around or something because I'm hearing them way too often. So these must be the most well-used, most fashionable slang words at this time. Okay? Let's start with number one: "Sorted". "Sorted" is a word from the 1990s, and it seemed to die for a while and nobody was using it, but now everyone's like: "Sorted. Sorted." You use "sorted" when you have just finished or agreed to something, and now it's done, so you say: "Sorted". "Sorted" as in done or fixed. So someone could say to you: "Have you got...? Have you got the food ready for the dinner party this evening?" You go: "Sorted. Sorted." And people do that kind of enthusiastic movement, like... Or like little proud eye: "Sorted. Sorted." And I always think it looks a bit lame when people say: "Sorted", or I think they're trying to look cool when they say it. But it seems to be... It seems to be said a lot at the moment, it's used in a lot of advertisements. See it, watch it. Sorted. So it must be... Must be really hip and trendy now. When... In my... In my ears this is, like, someone who's trying to hold on really hard to the 1990s and they still think it's cool to say, in my mind. Maybe I missed out on why this is so cool. And I also think it's quite yuppie, kind of yuppie kind of... Yuppie kind of word, so you've got a bit of money. Maybe you're not that cool, but you'd like to think you are and you... Or maybe you've got enough money to buy cool things and go to cool places, but you're still not really that cool. You might be the kind of person who says: "Sorted. Sorted." Okay. Let's move on to the next word which is a classic, an absolute classic, but one that endures is: "Innit". "Do you get what I'm saying, mate? You're having a laugh, aren't ya? You better take that back to your shop. Innit"? "Innit" means "isn't it", but it gets put on the end of when you say something to show that you're finished speaking, but also to emphasize what you said before. It means: "Isn't it". I did a shouting example then, but I can say... If I want you... It's a question type, so I can say: "Oh, the weather's terrible today. Innit?", "The weather's really bad today. Isn't it?" You can put... You can put it at the end of any statement to either emphasize or make someone agree with you. So whereas "sorted" was the... Let's say more upper-class word, "innit" is the more working-class word. And if you wanted... If maybe if you are a bit posh and you didn't want everybody to know, you might use the word "innit" sometimes just so you can, like, look like you're cool with the kids. Next example, really hot right now is: "Dab!" Just dabbing. You say "dab" if you do something that you think is really cool and you were successful at it. So, let's say I thought it was really cool to flip this pen and catch it... I didn't ca-... I can't dab. Right? I'm going to try it again. I've got more pens. Right? As long as I catch... Dab, dab. Dab. I'm dabbing. Okay? So that's what "dab" is. It translates as awesome or really cool, like: "Oh, unbelievable". Like: "Everybody cheer. Dab! Dab!" That's "dab". Dab's really hot right now. "Dab" is said by 12-year-olds and under. They can be of any... Any class. So let's just put "kids" here. They are the three hottest slang words of today in London. Thanks for watching. See you again soon. Bye.
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How to talk like a REAL Londoner How to talk like a REAL Londoner
2 years ago En
Learn about the London street accent! English slang is often very different from grammatically correct English. The London street accent is no exception. This variety of English is called "Multicultural London English" by academics and "Jafaican" by people who dislike the accent. In this video, I explain some of the grammatical features of this way of speaking English and share with you some phrases and expressions. You may not wish to speak this way yourself because it is grammatically incorrect. However, if you visit London, you may encounter people who speak this way or overhear their conversations. It is interesting to compare textbook standard English to the English actually spoken in the real world by Londoners themselves, so watch this lesson to learn all about it! TAKE THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/english-slang-how-to-talk-like-a-real-londoner/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is the London accent, and it's called "Multicultural London English" by linguists, but I'm going to call it "Real London English". It's the accent that a lot of people speak... Speak, like, if you come to London and you're just walking around the street, you're going to hear this accent a lot. Yeah? And I made a different video about this accent, all the words that you can use to sound like this, all the slang and stuff. I made... That's a different video. But in this video I'm going to talk about the grammar, because you know what? A lot of people when they hear this kind of accent, they say: "Oh, that's... That's lazy speech or they're not speaking correctly." But actually this is a variety of English. It does has its own rules of pronunciation and grammar. It's not like people just make it up themselves and they're all just sounding a bit wrong. You know, it's a... It's a style of English, like you've probably heard of RP is a particular style, a posh style of English, this also has rules. So I'm going to tell you some of those rules. What I'll mention first is it's a London accent, but the London accent you've probably heard of is Cockney English, and I would say that not so many people speak with a Cockney accent anymore if they're... If they're a youngish person, they don't really speak with a Cockney accent. It's kind of dying or is dead. And this accent has replaced it. But what we see in this accent is a lot of similar details that we have in the Cockney accent, so I'm going to tell you all about those similarities. First I just want to talk generally about the qualities of this accent. What do you actually hear from this accent? So, the pace of the accent is quite slow, you don't really rush what you're saying. Although, if it's in a hip hop track or a grime track and you're listening to music, it can be really, really fast as well. But in general, the pace is slow. If you can, you got to make your voice lower. You got to speak from not high in your throat. You got to low... You got to lower what you're saying, speak from your lungs, speak low. Keep it deep. Also, I'm going to say it's sharply iambic, that means you go up, down, up, down. When you're speaking it's like there's different steps in what you're saying; stress, unstress, stress, unstress, stress, unstress. And I think that altogether it gives this a musical... A musical quality on my ears, anyway, as a native speaker. It's not... It's not a very harsh-sounding accent. It's... Cockney on the... Cockney, on the other... On the other hand is a lot sharper and like spoken higher in the throat. Yeah? And it might be the kind of accent that gets on your nerves. No offence, Cockneys, I'm just making a comparison between the music of the two... Of the two varieties. So, bearing this in mind, what are the actual rules of speaking like this? So, a "t" sound becomes a "d" sound at the beginning of words. So, instead of saying: "that" with a "t" at the end, it's: "dat"; "there", "dere"; "them", "dem"; "then", "den". Also, these words here, I'll say them in proper English: "something", "nothing", "anything". Compare these to Cockney English: "somefink", "nuffink", "anyfink" because in Cockney English you change the "ing" to a "k", and you change the "th" to an "f", so in Cockney English it's like that. "Somefink", "nuffink". But in this accent we're putting a glottal stop in the middle of the word, so instead of saying: "something", "su-in", "nu-in", "anytin". So, it's quite different to Cockney English in this respect, saying those words. But it's the same as Cockney English in that for both varieties, both these different accents we do something called "h" dropping, we don't say the "h" all the time at the beginning of words. So, for example, the word "have" becomes "ave". "Ave you seen dat? Ave you seen dat?" That was the word "that". "Have you seen that?" Not grammatically-sounded English, but something that could be said in this variety.
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How to understand new English vocabulary by learning roots! How to understand new English vocabulary by learning roots!
2 years ago En
Did you know that many words in English originally come from the Greek language? In fact, if you can identify the Greek keywords within an English word, you can often understand its meaning even if it is a word you have never encountered before! In this lesson, I will show you how to break down the meaning of a Greek word in English by learning keyword prefixes and suffixes. Take a quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-understand-new-english-vocabulary-by-learning-roots/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. Today we're talking about Greek words in English, and I'm not teaching you these words because they'll be the most useful words for you, and I'm not teaching you these words so you can go around sounding really clever using long words when you're speaking English. The reason is to show you a little bit about how the English language has evolved, and also so that when you do encounter a long word, you can use what I'm teaching you today to break it down, and maybe you'll recognize parts of this word and that will help you understand. So, let's have a look at some Greek words in English. So, most of the time, when we find a Greek word in English, it's academic language, it represents a concept or idea, and there'll be quite a lot of medical language as well. So, looking at medical words for the mind and body. The Greeks from a long time ago, they were very knowledgeable about medicine and things like that, so we took a lot of words from their language. We didn't have idea... We didn't have words for these things, because it was not knowledge known here, so the concepts came from Greece, and with that, the language came from Greece. So, when we find a word with "dermo" or "derma" in it, we need to think of this part of the word as a building block, and you put different building blocks together, and that can help you understand the whole meaning of the word; otherwise known as a root. So, that means skin. And when we get this end part of the world... Word, which sounds like "ology", that means study of the subject. So, skin, study of the skin. You put it together, and that gives you the full meaning. So, if you have a problem with... With your skin and you need to go to the hospital, you would go to the "dermatology department", and the doctor would be a "dermatologist"; a special doctor who knows about skin problems. A different skin problem is "dermatitis", and the "titis" part means inflammation, it means... Could be... Could be swollen skin, or it could be inside your body. If it's a problem with your bones, you get a disease called "arthritis" that older people get, usually, and it's quite painful and difficult to move their fingers, and things like that. So, these are examples of medical words. You can sometimes get a sense of what one part means, and maybe guess the other. Similarly, when we get words with "hemo" or "hema", this is related to blood. "Hemoglobin" is a part of what makes up our blood. "Hematoma" is the medical word for bruise. You know when you hit yourself and skin goes purple? If it's a... If it's a big bruise, then it's a hematoma. And a "hemorrhage" is a medical problem where... Where blood is suddenly, like, leaking out where it's not meant to be inside your body, and you can be in very big, big, big trouble if you get a hemorrhage. Sometimes people get a brain hemorrhage, and maybe they die from that. So, "hemo" or "hema" means blood. What about "psycho" or "psych"? What does this mean? Well, this is to do with the mind, and I think these words have... These words are interesting because we can see how they're related. So, we have "psychic", that's the power of being able to read somebody's mind; one mind to another mind. "Psycho" means, like, crazy. And "psychiatrist" means doctor of the mind. So, whenever you see a word with this, you know it's to do with the mind basically. That's a useful one, I think; you can find that in a lot of words. Then, let's have a look at words with "mania". You'll find words with "mania" at the end. "Mania" means to be mad or addicted to something, so here are two... Here are two words. "Cleptomania" means somebody addicted to stealing things; thief. They can't help themselves, but steal things. And "nymphomania" means somebody addicted to sex, somebody who can't help themselves from having sex. But that we've got many, many words with this "mania" on the end, so if you see that, you can... You ca get a sense, again, of what it actually means. And we've got words here, "anthrop" and that means human, related to human things. "Anthropology", do you remember what this part means? The study of. The study of humans. So, "an anthropologist" is somebody who studies the way people live in society and culture in the worlds. And "anthropomorphic", you might use this if you're a kind of literature student or something. This is a word for when we make things that aren't humans... We talk about things that aren't humans as if they were.
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Do you hate speaking English around NATIVE SPEAKERS? Do you hate speaking English around NATIVE SPEAKERS?
2 years ago En
If you are shy or nervous when speaking English with native speakers, I have some advice for you. Learners of English often become shy or hesitant to speak around native speakers because they are afraid of making mistakes. In this video, I share tips with you to boost your confidence when speaking English with native speakers. I will explain why native speakers don’t care about your mistakes as much as you think they do, and give you my suggestions that will help you feel confident speaking English – regardless of your level. Nobody has ever learned a language without making mistakes, and no one expects you to! This video is full of advice to help you feel CONFIDENT when speaking in English, so watch it and then go out and DO IT! Make sure you understand the lesson! Take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/do-you-hate-speaking-english-around-native-speakers/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, guys. Welcome to engVid. Is it a lot harder for you to speak English around native speakers than it is to speak English with other learners or people from other countries who are speaking English as a second language? So, do you forget your words, do you lose all your confidence when you're speaking to someone from England, for example? If your answer is yes, then I have some advice for you so that you can speak with more confidence around native speakers. I think the most important point, where I want to start, is that: Don't look at the native speaker as if they're up here, and better than you in any way, because sadly, that is why a lot of people get awkward and stop talking around native speakers because they think: "The native speaker's English is just so good, I'm going to sound like an idiot next to them." And that's why they close down and go quiet. So, the next time you're around a native speaker, speak to the native speaker on a level with them. It means: "You're here, I'm here, I'm not looking up at you, you're not looking down at me", and that is a really important step to bringing that confidence to you when you're speaking around the native speaker. The next important point is: Some people are confident speaking English around other learners or other non-native speakers because they think: "When I'm speaking to this person, they don't know if I'm making mistakes, so I can just say this, say that, say this, and it doesn't matter if... In fact, it doesn't matter if I make mistakes because the other person doesn't know; therefore, I feel relaxed." But the problem when you speak to a native speaker, then, is that: "Oh no, they are going to know all the mistakes that I'm making. They're going to notice that I'm saying it wrong. It's... I... I don't want to speak because they're going to think that my English is so bad." Well, it is... It is true that a native speaker, if they're analyzing your language and watching your language and if they care about your language, they can notice: You made a mistake there, you made a mistake there, you made a mistake there. But the reality of communication is that most people are not thinking about that kind of stuff when they talk to you; they are communicating in the moment, they're thinking about themselves, what they're going to say. They're not watching you and your language closely. The native speaker just doesn't care about your language that much. The native speaker doesn't care about your mistakes as much as you think about your mistakes and worry about your mistakes. Speaking as a native speaker, now, as a native speaker teacher, when I'm talking to someone, I have to switch on and concentrate if I want to listen for people's mistakes. It takes effort and it takes energy. And if I'm concentrating on listening to the words to find mistakes, it means that I'm not really in the middle of a conversation with that person. Instead, I'm just listening to: Are they making mistakes? So in my normal communication, my normal social communication with people, of course I'm not listening closely for mistakes, because I'm having a conversation. It's so far away from my mind and it's not important to me at all. So I hope, as an example, that gives you some confidence to think that: "Oh yeah, maybe native speakers don't care about my mistakes that much." Which brings me to the next point, which is: Even if you are making mistakes, is it really that important? So instead of having this way of looking at yourself when you make a mistake: "Oh, it's terrible, it's really bad. I have to... I have to learn more. I have to avoid it." Try instead to develop and grow in yourself the ability to make those mistakes with what I would call vulnerability.
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Effective expressions to express your personality Effective expressions to express your personality
3 years ago En
In this lesson, I will teach you verbs, expressions, and idioms you can use to bring out your unique personality and communication style. For example, there is a lot more you can say other than "I think that..." Using other expressions such as "it looks as if", "it sounds like", "I sense that", or "I feel that" makes your language richer and helps you build relationships with others. Watch this video to discover more about your own personal style and how you can express yourself more like a native speaker. This video goes into the theory of NLP (neuro-linguistic programming). If you want to go even further with the idea of representational systems within NLP, you can then use your knowledge of language and behaviour to build stronger relationships and to influence people. For example, if you observe that your friend is a strongly visual person, you can adapt your language and the expressions you use to be more visual. This will help the two of you connect and interact better. Test your knowledge afterwards by doing the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/expressions-idioms-that-express-your-personality/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is language of the senses, and I made this lesson because I noticed that when you're using your language prospects and things about... Things like that, to give... To express an opinion, it's always taught, like, you say: "I think", "I think this because", or "I think that because". When I realized that, in reality, we use... Our language is much broader, and we use a lot of different phrases to express an opinion, basically; and I also realized that a lot of the language we use is based on our senses. So, I'm going to share those phrases with you today, and that will make your language and... When you're speaking English, it will make your language much more rich and more expressive, basically. And it also relates to NLP, which is a way of thinking about the communication between us. What is successful communication? How can we be more successful as communicators? And I don't want to go too much into it, except I'm going to look at the ideas... The idea of communication styles. And according to NLP, each of us has a preferred communication style, and it's based on our strongest sense, you could say, and that means the way we interpret the world. So, everybody has a way of interpreting the world, and we do that through our senses. So, if you are somebody who's a strongly visual person, and that's your strongest sense, your language will use lots of language that's visual, and we'll look at that. We'll give... I'll give you some examples in a minute. You might be an auditory person, this means that your strongest sense is your... What... What comes to your ears, in which case, your language will be using terms that evoke a sense of hearing and what you hear. You may also be a kinesthetic person. This means that you interpret the world through your sense of touch and your feelings. I am a kinesthetic person. If you listen to me speaking normally in my life with my friends and everything, my language is always: "I feel", "I feel that because", where, really, I mean the same as: "I think", but the term I use to express what I mean is "I feel". So maybe you're like me, or you might be an auditory digital person. This is the kind of person... I didn't know what symbol to write, here. This is a kind of person who interprets the world in a logical way, according to systems and things like that, so I put a little mathematical symbol there. I didn't know what else to put. So, what we'll do now is we'll look at some different phrases people may use to give an opinion. So, remember we can use all these phrases as an alternative just to: "I think", which is not very imaginative language, not very expressive either. So, what if you say: "It looks as if..." We can use this phrase to give an indirect opinion. So, let's imagine a situation. I'm going to use the same situation for all these. Our friend, Tom, he was going to have a party, he's invited a few people, but he hasn't really planned anything, and it's got close to the time of the party and now he's having second thoughts because he hasn't organi-... He hasn't organized anything, and maybe this party's not going to happen. So, I can say: "It looks as if Tom's going to cancel his party." And I can say that, rather than: "I think Tom's going to cancel his party." It's an indirect way of giving an opinion. The same situation: "It sounds like Tom's going to cancel his party." Now, I notice, when I'm... When I'm just speaking naturally in lessons to people, sometimes... Or even friends, people I meet. Sometimes they get really confused by "sounds like". If you haven't encountered it before, you might not realize it means the same as "think" or maybe more like "seem", "It seems like".
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How to write a perfect IELTS essay conclusion How to write a perfect IELTS essay conclusion
3 years ago En
The conclusion of an essay is where you must make your final argument clear. Many students struggle to write their conclusion because they don't know what to say other than just repeating their previous arguments. If you are taking the IELTS, TOEFL, or CAE English language tests, you need to learn how to write a good conclusion to get a high score. The process of writing a conclusion for an essay is a lot simpler if you follow a structure in your writing. Following a structure of what to write means that you can write your essay answers as quickly as possible, without running out of time to answer the question. Remember, the IELTS and CAE exams are to test your knowledge of English -- not the quality or originality of your ideas. For this reason, it's best just to follow an easy structure that you can use any time, which you can replicate without making grammatical mistakes. In this lesson, I explain different conclusion structures you can use in your IELTS writing exam. Practise the structure you like best, and memorise a few phrases. After watching, you will be ready to write a good essay conclusion in your exam. Good luck! Test your understanding with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-a-perfect-ielts-essay-conclusion/ More IELTS videos: http://www.engvid.com/english-exams/ielts/ More IELTS tips and practice: http://www.goodluckielts.com TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is writing a conclusion for an IELTS exam or a CAE exam, so I'm going to give you two ways to write conclusions so that when you get to the end, you don't just sort of put a full stop that doesn't really say anything extra, that doesn't feel like a conclusion. Because when you write a conclusion, a good conclusion has a different tone, there's something that feels finished about it. And more generally, your conclusion should be your last chance to impress, to show that examiner all that English that you know and how fluent you are when you're writing in English, and you should leave the reader with an additional thought in the end, ideally, when you're writing a conclusion. So let's look at a typical IELTS kind of question. "Some people think that parents should teach their children to be good members of society. However, others believe school is the best place to learn this." And then the IELTS question would say: "Share your experience, and give reasons for your answers." So let's imagine that you've already written your essay. So, how do you begin your conclusion? The... The first way I'm going to tell you, I'm going to call it the "As I have discussed" conclusion, and there are three parts to writing this conclusion. And I'm giving you the structure so that you can see how you can put a conclusion together just by putting different pieces in there. And now, this is... This is great for an IELTS essay. It's not a super imaginative kind of conclusion that would be great at university, but for IELTS, it's... It's good for IELTS. So, here are the three parts for this conclusion: "As I have discussed"; then: "However" sentence with "I" or, you know, using your subjectivity, basically; and then making a moral or social observation in the first conditional. So let's have a look. So, "As I have discussed", what we're doing is we're just taking that phrase, basically, and this shows the tone... This establishes the tone of conclusion: "As I have discussed". You're basically saying: "Well, I already told you all of this, but now I'm summarizing." "As I have discussed, there are advantages and disadvantages to the question." I've shown both sides of the argument. You could just learn that, you could learn that whole phrase to begin a conclusion. What do you follow it with? You follow it with a "However" sentence. So, there may be advantages and disadvantages, but there's a catch. "However, I think parents should be responsible for teaching children to be good members of society." So this is you saying: "Yeah, I see both sides. This is good about it, that's good about the other side. But, you know, for me and in my opinion", because now we're using your subjectivity by saying: "I think", you can... You can finally make your position clear, make your position known. Maybe in the rest of the essay, this is discursive... This is a discursive essay. You've been showing both sides of the argument. But if you write your essay in a way where you don't use: "I think", "I believe" in the rest of the essay before, it can be quite powerful just to use "I think" once at the end in your conclusion. So, again: "However, I think parents should be responsible for teaching children to be good members of society." That bit's done. What do we do next? Well, sometimes people like to end essays by giving a grand statement about morals and the world, so you can also do this in your IELTS exam. And this is what I'm talking about when I say: "Make a moral or social observation".
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Can you learn a language just by listening? Can you learn a language just by listening?
3 years ago En
Imagine if you could learn a language without doing any studying. What if instead of studying grammar, reading in the foreign language, learning vocabulary, and doing speaking practice, all you had to do was listen to what was happening around you and watch movies? Wouldn't it be great if you could naturally absorb the language and start speaking yourself? This is a popular language learning method across the world, but in this video I answer the question of whether learning a language this way will actually work for you. For example, many people try to learn English through listening using the following methods: - Watching TV in a English with the subtitles on in your native language - Listening to talk radio in English in the background while doing something else - Being around foreign friends when you yourself do not speak the language Babies learn to speak their first words by listening, but will it work for you? Check out this video to hear my opinion on learning a language through listening. I've tried it, and I'll share my personal experiences with you! http://www.engvid.com/can-you-learn-a-language-just-by-listening/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, guys. Welcome to engVid. Today's lesson is a little bit different, it's me talking about: Is it possible for you to learn a language just by listening? This is something that I think many of us would love, love, love, love to be true. I can just learn a language by listening, I don't have to really do anything if I just spend enough time listening, then, you know, I'll be able to speak; I'll have learned the language. So, some ways we might do this are... Could be watching... Watching TV in that language you're trying to learn and just think: "Well, I'm... I'm learning. I'm learning stuff just by watching." Another way is you move to a different country, and you spend time around native speaker friends, and you don't understand anything, but you're like: "Well, I'm learning. The more time I spend doing this, I'll get to a point where I can just speak the language." And that is a situation that I, myself, have been in many times in my life. If you put all the time together, I would say I probably wasted a couple of years of my life, taking that approach, just thinking you learn by listening. Now, don't get me wrong, you do learn how to understand what people are talking about if you take that approach. You know, you're the only one who doesn't speak the same language that everybody else speaks, you're the only one who doesn't speak it, after a while you do kind of understand what people are talking about, so you can often guess from the situation. But that doesn't mean the same thing as being able to put a sentence together, and join in in the conversation in that language. Because although you kind of understand what people are saying, you just haven't developed the skill of moving your tongue and saying the words of the other language. So I would say taking that approach is a very, very frustrating, and slow, and ineffective way to learn any language. And that's based from my personal experience. If the language that you're hoping, trying, wishing to learn is very close to your language, then of course, you will understand much, much more of what is being said, and you'll be able to guess many of the words. But if the language is completely different to your native language, it's a really ineffective way to expect to learn a language, because there's just not a lot you can guess. The words are very different, the grammar structure is very different. And have you ever been in that situation when you're the only one who doesn't understand anything? Well, I've been in that situation many times, and I don't know if this happens to all people, but this happens to me. After a while, you stop listening. And, at least I do, and I start thinking about my own things in my head. So you're there, but you're not even listening. And you have to ask yourself: Is this the same thing that's also happening if you're watching a movie that's spoken in a language that you don't understand? Are you actually listening to the words, or are you just reading subtitles in your own language that you understand? So that's an important part of it as well. Is that time you are listening to the language you want to learn, are you using that time with your ears, really awake and switched on to what people are saying? Because I think most of the time, when you don't actually know that language, you're not fully listening because you don't understand anything. You're really concentrating on something you don't understand, it's a very hard thing to do for more than a couple of minutes.
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Business meeting & conference SMALL TALK – How to avoid that awkward moment! Business meeting & conference SMALL TALK – How to avoid that awkward moment!
3 years ago En
Do you get nervous in social situations? In this lesson, I'll teach you expressions you can use to master small talk and have meaningful conversations while presenting a professional image. While you can use these expressions in many business and academic situations, this lesson is focused on starting conversations when you are at a conference. I share many good small talk topics that are appropriate in this context. You will learn how to talk about what you have learned at the conference and how to express your opinion about the experience, including the conference venue and speakers. This is a great lesson to watch to prepare yourself for attending a work- or school-related conference. My goal in this lesson is to help you feel confident and make the right impressions with the people you meet. For more practice, take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/business-meeting-conference-small-talk/ . Good luck! TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is conference talk. So, we've got "Conference Small Talk", and also more generally about talking about the thing that you're there for. The reason I made this lesson is because, hopefully, I want you to learn how to avoid that awkward moment when you're like standing outside a conference room or somewhere, or maybe it's a break, you could be by yourself, and you're just standing there, like: "What am I supposed to do? Am I supposed to say something? Am I supposed to talk to someone?" And maybe you start to pretend that you're busy, get your phone out or something. So, anyway, this will save you in your awkward moment situation. So, the small talk part, that's where I'm imagining you're... You're waiting for something to happen. You're waiting for the next talk, or there's a break, or there's some kind of interlude where you're not doing something. Here are some conversational starters that you could... That you could have. You could say to someone: "Are you presenting a paper here?" That would be like an academic kind of conference. Or you could say: "Are you a speaker here?" If they look like they are. Or you could be more general. You could say: "Is this your first time in __________?" Blah, blah, blah place? A lot of the time these kind of conference events, people come... Come there from all... You know, all different places, so it could be any place, really. Couldn't it? But let's say it's in Amsterdam. "Is this your first time in Amsterdam?" And then you can generally talk about Amsterdam, and how lovely it is, and how nice it is to ride bicycles all the time. Perhaps you kind of know each other; you've met before. In which case, you can ask them how they're getting on with their work. So: "getting on"-I'm going to use a pen again-means progressing... Is the formal verb for "get on". "How are you getting on with your research?" Or: "How are you getting on with your project?" Or: "How are you getting on at work?" You've met before, but this could get your... Your... This could help you catch up with each other. What if you want to...? Want to be friends and you want to make friends at the conference? What can you say? You can say: "So, are you attending the welcome drinks tonight?" Because you want them to say: "Sure I am. Let's go together." You want them to say something like that, maybe. Or if you're not sure yet if you want to hang out later, you could say: "Where are you based?" So, the place where you're based means the place where you... Where you work. So, I'm based in Dubai at the moment. So, you know, this one I'm thinking it's more like if you're all part of the same bigger company, but you have different offices in different places. Perhaps you just want to know where they're based. Moving on from general small talk, because not everybody likes to do small talk, we've got some talk about the talk, now. So: "What did you think of the last talk?" And I've got some suggestions for you to sound very clever and informed, like this guy. So you could say: "Yes, I thought it... It raised some interesting questions." What that means is it was a kind of talk that made you think and consider new things, and you know, got some... Got some ideas, and some brain connections flowing, there. Or perhaps you could say: "Well, it provoked a fierce debate." A fierce debate would be when people are very much disagreeing with each other about what was said, and there's not much agreement about it. Whereas: "It generated a lively discussion", doesn't have the opposition or against each other feeling of a fierce debate. A lively discussion is like in... On the enjoyable side of things, talking about things, and, you know, sharing different opinions, but not so much in confrontation. Or you might say, as you're a clever person: "It challenged the status quo." The status quo is the established way of doing things. So, this paper may have been so, so evolutionary that it challenges the status quo.
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How to tell a story like a native English speaker How to tell a story like a native English speaker
3 years ago En
Do you want to tell interesting stories? Telling an engaging story is a social skill that anyone can learn. I'll give you some phrases you can memorise and use to tell better stories in English. Stories are important to help us understand ourselves and the world around us. One way to view our identities is as a collection of stories. In this video, I break the art of storytelling down into different topics that people tell stories about most often. I'll share some of my personal stories from my own life to give you examples of how to tell a good story in English. Most people have a set of stories that they like to tell. For me personally, there are some stories that I have told people hundreds of times! I suggest you practice your most common stories in English because you will definitely use them in a social situations with English speakers. Having your story prepared in English will mean that you can tell it much better, and that your audience will enjoy it more by laughing in the right place, or by feeling the emotion you want them to feel, such as surprise or sadness. How well did you understand the lesson? Take the quiz to find out: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-tell-a-story-like-a-native-english-speaker TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What I'm telling you today is how to make your storytelling in English a little bit more like a native speaker, more colloquial, more relaxed in your storytelling, because storytelling is a conversation skill that you really need to learn if you're speaking English, because when we tell stories, we share part of our character and our personality with other people, so it's just something we do in conversation. So, I broke it down into the different kinds of stories people tell, and some of the phrases you can use for storytelling in English, stories about your life, so you can get to know people a bit better, basically. So, what I want to start with is: When you learn in your books, it says something like... Or to say what somebody says, you use the verb "said": "he said", "she said", "they said", blah, blah. Well, actually, in colloquial storytelling in England, we use different verbs. We don't really use "said", necessarily. We can say: "I was like: 'Blah, blah, blah.'" So you're telling your story, and you want to say somebody said something, it's: "I was like", saying something now. Not saying "said". We've got this one: "I turned to him and said: 'What are you talking about? I'm not having it. Get away.' So he turned to me, and he was like: 'No. Shut up. Go away.'" We use "turned to", even if someone's not turning, we use "turned to". It's just what we use in our storytelling. It means then one person said, then another... And then another person said. We also use the verb "go" to mean speak. "He goes to me". I don't know why all the people in my stories have got a problem, but anyway. "He goes to me: 'You're an idiot. Get away.'" That means he said to me I'm an idiot. So you could bring in these different verbs to make your storytelling more colloquial. But let's have a look at some different kinds of story... People often try to tell funny stories, and if you're consciously trying to tell a funny story, like I'm going to do now, it might not work. But I'll tell you a little... Little something about when I was at... When I was at school. I'll tell you about my poor physics teacher, Mr. Cat. And if I ever met Mr. Cat again, I would apologize deeply for the torment that we gave this poor physics teacher. His... His name was Mr. Cat, so that didn't really help him that whenever he came into the room in my girls' school, there were lots of girls, someone would go: "Meow." And quite quietly at first, but then somebody else would be like: "Meow!" and it would get a little bit out of hand. And before we knew it, someone... Someone was cracking up, couldn't start laugh... Couldn't stop laughing. Someone would burst out laughing, and poor Mr. Cat, he didn't know what to do. And then the other thing we used to do with him, because it was a science lab, we had... We had sinks on the tables with these taps, and somebody discovered that you can turn the taps around, so we all decided that when he was... We had this experiment, and we all decided that when... For this experiment, we'd all turn the taps around at the same time, but he didn't know about it. So when he was like: "And now I want you to start with your experiment", we all turned the taps on at the same time and water was going all over the... All over the classroom. So, of course, by then, we're crying with laughter, and poor Mr. Cat's probably crying real tears. So if you're watching this, Mr. Cat, I am really sorry. But teenagers are cruel, what can I say?
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Learn English: The 20-Minute Method Learn English: The 20-Minute Method
3 years ago En Ru
Do you have a hard time learning English? Follow the advice in this video to completely change the way you study English! The biggest problem most English learners face is staying motivated. You can learn English for free online, but it is often hard to find the time and energy to keep learning when there is so much to do at work, at home, or at school. Even if you really want to learn English because you know that it is important for your life, you may find yourself being lazy and doing other things, such as watching television when you could be studying. Does this description of a frustrated and unmotivated English learner sound like you? In today's lesson you'll learn what YOU can do to stop YOUR English-learning headaches and frustrations! At the end of the video, be sure to leave a comment to let me know what you thought of this lesson, and whether it was helpful for you! Then test your understanding with the quiz at: http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-the-20-minute-method/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, guys. Do you notice something different about today? Hmm. Where's the board gone? Today's lesson is a bit different. It's just me giving you some advice about learning English. And this video is for you, in particular, if you are a learning English quitter. Who is a learning English quitter? A learning English quitter is somebody who works really, really hard studying: "Learn English, learn English, learn English", for two days, four days, one day, and then quits. Does nothing, does nothing for weeks. And then the same thing: Works really, really hard: "Learn English, learn English, learn English", for three days, and then quits. "I'll do it tomorrow. I'll do it tomorrow." And the other thing that a learning English quitter does is feel bad all the time about not learning enough English. "I'm so stupid. I should be learning more English." But you're not, are you? You're watching TV, you're having a beer. You're not learning English at all, are you? So, this video is for you if you're a learning English quitter. And trust me on this one: It is a life changer, total game changer. What you need to begin, starting today, is what I call the 20-minute English discipline. 20-minute English discipline, and you do this every single day of your life. And what it means is for 20 minutes a day, every single day, you study English in a serious way. Okay? A serious way. An active way. You do it on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday; every day. You do it on your birthday, you do it when your cousin's getting married. You do it every day, it doesn't matter. No excuses, you do it. So, when your cousin comes to you and says: "Hey, let's go and have a beer", you say: "That's a great idea. I'm going to come with you in nine minutes when I've finished my studies. I'll be with you in a minute." So don't let other people put you off doing your daily... Daily discipline of study. 20 minutes every day. Plus, this is what happens: When you start doing the 20-minute discipline, you realize: "Oh, 20 minutes isn't that long. I haven't... I haven't finished everything I wanted to finish. I'm going to study some more." Nun-uh, nun-uh, nun-uh. It's just 20 minutes every day. When you get to 20 minutes, you stop. It's not: "I'll do 25 minutes today." It's not: "I'll do 40 minutes today, and not do anything tomorrow." It's not that. It's 20 minutes every day, and then you stop. That's all you need to do. The problem when you do 40 minutes one day, one hour another day, nothing the next day is that you lose... You don't build up the strength and the habit of making studying and studying English, in particular, part of your everyday life, so that's why for most people it doesn't work to do a lot on one day and nothing on the other.
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What to say at your job interview (all my BEST phrases and tips!) What to say at your job interview (all my BEST phrases and tips!)
3 years ago En
All my best advice on what to say at your job interview. I will tell you how to answer the most common job interview questions. I’ll give you the grammatical structures to use when answering questions about your work experience, and also share with you vocabulary and phrases that will impress your interviewer. I recommend you prepare for your job interview by learning phrases you can repeat in your interview and also by practising your answers to these common questions. Get a friend to ask you the questions and make sure that you answer them in English! You can follow my advice about how to answer job interview questions whether you are looking for a job in an English-speaking country or you are being interviewed in English for a job in your home country. Good luck with your interview – I wish you success! If you want more help, watch my video on how to write your CV. Remember: there is no 'try'! Once you've finished the lesson, take the quiz here: http:/www.engvid.com/what-to-say-at-your-job-interview TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is job interview English. So, in this lesson, I'm going to give you some phrases that you can use in a job interview, and I'll also be giving you... We'll also be looking at what grammar you should be using to answer common job interview questions. So I'm going to break it down so you know what to expect when you have that job interview in English, maybe for the first time, or maybe you've already had a couple of interviews in English but you just want to improve your performance. So let's start by talking about before the interview. So when you get there, there's always, like, that bit of small talk. Maybe you find it awkward, maybe you're a pro at small talk, but I thought I'd just give you some phrases so that you've got something to say, at least. So, when you get there, it's polite to say something like: "Thanks for inviting me to interview." If you feel like initiating small talk, you could say something like: "Is the position based in this office?" or "building", wherever you are. You might also want to say: "Oh, how many people work here?" Just sort of general things, nothing personal going on there. Or you might make an observation about what you see about the building or the workplace. You could say: "The offices are impressive." Now, clearly, if the building isn't very nice, and there isn't anything remarkable about it, then I probably wouldn't say something like this. It's better to make no observation than say one that's not true, or one that sounds a bit strange because the place is a real dump. You don't want to say it's great in your phrase. But maybe the area's nice, so then you could say: "What a great location!" This is an exclamation. You say it with some kind of enthusiasm. Or you might say, as you're walking to the interview room: "Ah, I see you have an open plan office." That means where everybody works together in the same room. Or you might say: "I see you have a staff canteen." That's where you get your food. Okay? So, all suggestions for general small talk. The interviewer may, however, initiate small talk with you, in which case, general things they like to talk about in England... Our... Our favourite topics of small talk are the weather, so you could say something like: "It's chilly today." That means it's a bit cold. Or mild. "Mild" is... "Mild" is when the weather is better than you would expect for that time of year. So if it's winter and it's mild, it's not as cold as you would expect it to be. Yep. So we love to talk about the weather, you know that about British people. Did you also know we like to talk about the traffic or the tube delays and things like that? So, perhaps they'll say: "How was the traffic? How was your journey here?" You can tell them about your journey. Say: -"Oh, it wasn't bad." -"How was your journey?" -"Not bad." That means it was okay. Or you could say: "It didn't take me too long." It didn't take me too long. Now, just a tip: You don't want to say: "It was a nightmare; it took me hours", because they'll probably want to employ someone who can get to the job easily.
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IELTS Listening – How to get a high score IELTS Listening – How to get a high score
3 years ago En
Studying for the IELTS test? Learn the top tips and strategies to get a high score in the IELTS listening section. I've helped hundreds of students pass their IELTS exam and I know where students lose marks. I'm going to share my experience and let you know how you can dramatically increase your score on this test. By using these IELTS tricks you will see an immediate improvement on your IELTS practice tests. You need to do the IELTS listening test for the Academic IELTS and the General IELTS. I want you to be confident when you go to the IELTS test center to do the exam. So watch this lesson and get some free tips that will help you get the score you need! Want more videos to help you improve you IELTS score? Check out EngVid's many other IELTS lessons at: http://www.engvid.com/english-exams/ielts/ and for more tips on the IELTS, go to http://www.goodluckielts.com/ Test yourself with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/ielts-listening-how-to-get-a-high-score/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. In this lesson, I've put together all the tips I have for IELTS listening, so if you're preparing to take the test, you've got all my tips to help you do your best in the listening exam. So, it's 40 marks, and it's around 30 minutes long, so how can you make the most of your listening exam? Well, it's true what they say: practice really does make perfect. So you should aim to do as many practice tests of the listening section as you absolutely can. It will really, really help you. There's a book that I recommend, it's the Cambridge Series for IELTS, we've got some practice tests. There are other parts in that book, not just for listening, but the listening materials are good, so I've used those many times. And you don't get that many listening tests in the book, but what you can do is do the tests, and then take a break for, you know, two weeks or three weeks or whatever, and you'll forget, and then you can do it again. So, that's really important, because I'll tell you that as a native speaker, yeah, plus someone with a university degree, but I'll do... I'll do an IELTS listening test after a long break, and I'll not get a lot of the answers right. Okay? So what that tells me is that doing IELTS, and the listening part is just another example, it's as much about learning how to pass a test and learning an exam technique, basically. Because if a native speaker isn't going to get it all right, it shows you that you need to train yourself to be able to do this listening test. So, anyway, if I do a couple of those tests, then I'm getting them all right. So what I'm telling you, just from my experience is: the more you practice those tests, you really will become better and better at doing those tests. Even if right now you think that your English is, like, really good and you're going to get a really high score in the IELTS listening because you're good at listening, it may be true that you are a really good speaker of English and you understand a lot, but if you haven't practiced any of the IELTS tests, you might not get a good score, because you haven't learned the exam technique, and you're not familiar with those tests. So rule number one: Practice makes perfect. Also in these tests, you really need to spell carefully, because if you make a spelling mistake, you don't get the mark. So, try your best to spell things correctly. And especially in questions where they are spelling something to you, make sure you don't lose an easy point for writing down the wrong letter. Which brings us to this one: Learn the pronunciation of letters. So, just do a little bit of revision, go back over how to say the letters in British English, because the IELTS test is mainly in British accent. So make sure you know how we say our letters here. But it would also be quite handy for you to practice the letters in American English and Australian English, because these will also be covered in the... In the test. You'll get these different accents. So there's a tip for you. Going back to this one: when you're doing the test, in between the different parts of the exam (there are four parts), you get a little bit of reading time. When you get this reading time, what you should be doing is reading the questions that you're about to answer. Not checking the answers that you wrote before. See, a lot of people will just be looking back at what they've already done, but when they do that, they're not preparing for the next questions. So you really need to make the most of that time, and make sure that you've read what's coming. And that will help you, because these listening exams, they're in chronological order, it means it starts at the top of the page, the first answer's somewhere at the top of the page, and then it goes down. It's not like you have to be looking all over the paper for the answers, basically.
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Job Skills: Prepare your English CV for a job in the UK Job Skills: Prepare your English CV for a job in the UK
3 years ago En
Moving to or living in the UK? Looking to apply for work? You will need to prepare your British English CV. A CV is also known as a resume. Did you know that in the UK, we have our own way of making CVs that is different from what is commonly done in other European countries? A British CV is closer in format and structure to an American CV. In this lesson, you will learn what to include and what not to include in your curriculum vitae. Also, I will teach you some impressive vocabulary and phrases for your CV that will help you land that interview and achieve your goals. It's not easy to find employment, but with the right skills, you have a better chance of getting the job you want! Take a quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/job-skills-uk-cv/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is your British English CV. Maybe you want to put together your first British English CV to apply for jobs in the UK. So in this video, I'm going to tell you what's standard, and I'll tell you a little bit about it, so that you can create your first or an improved British English CV. So what we're going to talk about first is the format of your CV. Because we... There's not like one CV that's... Everybody does. There are conventions, there are set ways of doing it, but within that, there is some leeway; you can do different things. And this is important when we think about format, because it really depends what experience you have, which format you're going to choose, because you want to use your CV to sell yourself. So if you've got a lot of experience behind you, then you want to do a chronological CV, with your most recent job and then going backwards. We usually have the most detail... Or no, we do. We have the most detail for the most recent or current job, and then after that, the previous job, some detail as well. But generally after that, we don't really say much about the jobs that far in the past. And that's the key difference that I've seen on many CVs when I'm looking at CVs from people from Italy or Spain or wherever. They usually have a lot of detail for past jobs that were quite a long time ago, whereas we don't really say so much about things that were in the past, especially if they were more than two years ago. Yeah. What if you don't really have much experience, well what do you do then? Well, you put your education in the first position. So, you would want to put your education first. In the experience CV, the education isn't the most important thing; that can go at the end or on the second page. And what if you're a freelance worker or a temporary worker? So, you've got lots of little jobs, what do you do then? Well, you choose a format where you're grouping your experience in most important projects that you did. It's not really about the time that you worked on something; it's about the skills that you acquired. So in this kind of CV, you really need to express all your skills, not how long it was, how long you were there, and this kind of thing like in a normal job. What not to include, then, on your British English CV? I think there's a difference between what's the law about what not to include and what's the actual practice. Because by law, we're not meant to put our date of births or photographs on CVs. But, it's, it does happen for certain kinds of jobs. Let's take this example: you move to London, and you're trying to get a job in London, and you want to do a waitressing job or a bar job, or something like that. If you go into independent places, independent places and maybe not like... Maybe they don't really know about the law, and actually they do want to know how old you are. So, in... I'm not telling you to do it, I'm just saying that it happens that some people choose to put this information on their CVs. I, this is a just a personal thing of mine: on a CV, I just find it completely pointless that somebody puts headings like "email" and then puts an email address after it with a name in it, because it's obviously your email. It's like a word that we don't need. We don't need to see that on the CV. Same with "mobile". We know what a mobile number looks like. So pointless headings I don't like, and also, I don't like the title at the top, when somebody writes "CV" or "Curriculum Vitae" which is a Latin word, because we obviously know it's a CV. So, I'm against pointless extra words on CVs.
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Go from BORING to INTERESTING with English rhythm Go from BORING to INTERESTING with English rhythm
3 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com Do you sound like a robot when you speak? You can transform your speech from boring to fascinating by using good English rhythm. In this lesson, you will learn many ways to make your speech more captivating for your audience by adjusting your speech rhythm, which includes syllable stress, word stress, and vocabulary choice. You will also learn how you can use poetry to improve the rhythm of your everyday speech and be interesting in any situation! TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I am Jade. Today we are talking about the rhythm of English. And that's not my normal voice. I'm showing you that because rhythm is really important when you're speaking a different language, and every language has its own rhythm. So, I thought today, I'll tell you a little bit about the rhythm of English. What does English actually sound like if we break it down? It's really important to improve the rhythm of your English speech, because we try to avoid what's called monotone. Monotone voices are... Well, it's a big subject, but one thing about monotone voices is they don't go up or down, and they're not very expressive. So we try to avoid that, and we can see that actually in English poetry. And I think in... I think poetry in general is one way that you can develop your rhythm in English, because poetry is written in a way that calls attention to rhythm of English. So here's a little bit of a famous poem in English. Don't worry if you don't know what the words mean, because it's quite an interesting poem in that the words are invented words for this poem. Like it's... They're not real things, but when we hear it, we get a sense of what it means. But in terms of rhythm, it's interesting because so much of English poetry is written in what's called iambs, which is basically an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable. So I'll write that down for you. Iamb, stressed followed by... Ohp, wrong way around. Unstressed followed by a stressed syllable and repeated like that. And you've heard of Shakespeare, right? You have heard of Shakespeare, that famous poet? Well, he wrote in iambic pentameter, which means five of those repeated. So, one, two, three, four, five. Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter. Not continuously always through everything he ever wrote, but if there was ever an important character in one of his plays, that was in iambic pentameter. This poem is not in iambic pentameter, because we don't have five. I'll show you. So, when we read the poem... Well, when I read the poem, I want you just to listen to the rhythm, and then I'll talk a little bit about it because it's one thing for me to tell you the rhythm of English is iambs; unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, but what does that actually mean? So, here we go, I'll read it to you. "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch. Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious bandersnatch!" So, poetry is more rhythmic and elegant than just our normal speech, but our normal speech likes this unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed rhythm, so there is similarity. So let's find where the stresses are here, so that when I read it again, you can follow it. So, because it's unstressed, stressed, here is the first stressed. And, did you notice when I read it, it was "behware", not "be-ware"? It's "behware". Our connecting words are not so important. You can see here, unstressed words: articles, "the", "a", they're not so important so we don't stress them. We can stress them but that's a different point. Names, usually stressed. We had an unstressed there, so we're going to stressed again. Unstressed, secondary stress. We have one... Oo, it's not... You cannot see what I'm doing here. I'm going to put it down a little bit for you. Stressed, unstressed, secondary stress. There's always one main stress in a word, but if there's an extra stress, it's not as... Not as much as the first. Unstressed, "my" is a pronoun. Pronouns: "he", "she", "it", "my", "his", unstressed. Noun, stress again. And this is going to repeat throughout the poem, so I'm just going to go a little bit quickly this... A little bit more quickly this time. Unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed, unstressed, stressed. Again, we've got "beware", unstressed, stressed, unstressed, name. And the last line, again, unstress, stress, unstress, and the word "bandersnatch" has two stresses, but the first... The main stress is on the first syllable.
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Grammar: How to use TO with transitive verbs Grammar: How to use TO with transitive verbs
3 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com In this grammar lesson, you will learn more about transitive verbs related to communication. Transitive verbs are verbs that use the preposition "to" after the verb. For example, "talk to", "speak to", and "reply to" are all frequently-used transitive verbs. But how do you know when to use "to" and when not to use it? Why is it that you can say "I talked to you", but you can't say, "I phoned to you"? Watch this video to find out, and stop making this very common mistake. Then take the quiz! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-to-transitive-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're looking at today is "verb" + "to". These are... You could call them a group of verbs, and they always need to have "to" after them, plus they always need to have an object. And the reason they need to have an object is because they're transitive verbs. And that's a grammar word that means: this verb needs to have an object, otherwise it's incorrect and it's not good English. So we're looking at some of the verbs that I come across a lot that people get wrong. So they're using... They're not using a "to" when they use that verb, and we're looking at that. So, let's start and check how much you actually know with a couple of sentences. So, our first sentence: "He phoned to me." What do you think about that one? Is that right? Is that one wrong? Well, "phone" is not in this group of verbs. It's not a transitive verb. We don't need "to" with that one. Now it's correct. "He phoned me." What about this one? "I need to speak to him." How is that one? Is that one good English? "I need to speak..." This one... This bit's okay. This is not "verb" + "to" here. This is just the infinitive. When we have one verb, and then we're following it with another verb in the present simple, that's why that "to" is there. That's not what we're talking about. But after "speak", is it right here? Yes. In this example it's right. But I'm a very naughty person, because I didn't put a full stop there. There should be a full stop there. And let's look at this example: "Who am I speaking to?" Or sometimes: "Whom am I speaking to?" What about this one? Is this one correct? Yeah, they're both correct. In speech, you'll probably hear: "Who am I speaking to?" But formally, it would be: "Whom" with an "m" written out, or sometimes said in speech that way. So now, let's look at examples of "verb" + "to". These are all verbs that you should be using with "to" after them. And what I usually observe is people using these verbs, but without the "to", and it doesn't sound right then. So let's look at some example sentences. "Speak to": "I don't speak to Sarah." And notice how the "to" doesn't sound like "to" anymore. "I don't speak to Sarah." It just becomes a schwa. We don't... We don't say it like the individual word itself. Next example. "Talk to": "Talk to them for me." Don't know what accent that was; it just kind of came out. Yeah, we talk to someone, we need an object. "Listen to", this is very good advice for all people: "You should listen to me." It'd be worth it. Trust me. Here's a gap. Nothing to learn here. But now we've got "reply to": "I'm sure he'll reply to us." I almost put: "I'm sure he'll reply to me", and then it felt a bit personal, so I put "us" there. Next example, "write to", you always write to someone, but what I commonly hear people not using "to" with this one. "I'll write to them a.s.a.p." Clever points for you if you know what that means. That means "as soon as possible". And "belong to": "Excuse me, does this belong to you?" You don't want to have someone come up to you and ask you that at the train station. You get in trouble in England for that. When we come back, we're going to look at some more examples of "verb" + "to". Let's take a look at common errors with "verb" + "to". So with these... These verbs here, even though they feel like or seem like they're similar to the verbs that we looked at before because they're to do with communication, these ones don't take "to". So sometimes I'm observing mistakes with these verbs, and that's what I want you to know. So in our example sentences, these are all wrong. We need to make changes. "I phone to him." No "to". We don't need "to". "She called to me." No "to". You're starting to get it now - no "to". "We emailed to them." No "to". "They won't answer to us." Again, no "to". "Will you ask to Sarah?" Again, no "to". We don't need "to" with these verbs.
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The BEST British Street Slang The BEST British Street Slang
4 years ago En Ru
In this lesson, you will be introduced to English street slang, an informal kind of vocabulary that is common among young people in the UK. This kind of speech can often be overheard in conversations on the streets of London, on public transit, and in movies. These words and expressions are not appropriate to use in polite conversation, but they are fun to learn and useful to know in order to understand popular culture. In this video, you will learn the meaning of "pattymouth", "sket", "blud", "wagan", and many more. Do you know any street slang words that I don't mention? Watch this video, and comment below! Take the quiz at http://ww.engvid.com/british-street-slang/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. My name is Jade, yeah? And today, I'm going to tell you about the real London accent. Yeah? Because that's where I'm from. And, like, we don't talk, like, how you learn it in your textbooks. You know what I'm saying? We talk like we're from the street. We talk in a different way. So what I'm telling you today is some words that, like, people like me speak with. So we're going to look at this accent. Sometimes, I'm going to speak in my normal accent, but I'm going to do this accent a lot here because this is what I'm talking about. So this accent, sometimes, like, those clever people, yeah? They call it "Multicultural London English". What does that mean? It basically means -- this accent that I'm using, it's not like the cockney accent. You've probably heard about the cockney accent. And that's supposed to be the accent that working class people in London speak with. Everyone's supposed to be a cockney. But the truth is, like, no one -- not that many people talk in a, like, speak that cockney anymore. 'Cause this accent, Multicultural London English, is, like, a lot more normal now. People speak like this. Some people, you know -- some rude people, they're calling it "Jafaican". And they're calling it "Jafaican" because they're saying that, like, we're trying to sound like from Jamaica. But I grew up in London. Do you know what I'm saying? I ain't been to Jamaica. So for some people, what they hear in that accent is, like, "Oh, you're West Indian" or, "You're trying to sound like you're West Indian even if you're a white person. You're trying to sound like you're from Jamaica." But actually, it's -- black people have this accent. White people have this accent. It's just a really common accent in London now. Who speaks with this accent? Here are some people. Ali G -- actually, he doesn't really speak with this accent because Ali G is not a real person. Plus, Ali G is a character, and that stuff is about ten years old now. And maybe when it was even first made, he doesn't really speak in this accent. It's just an exaggerated version. If you don't know who Ali G is or any of these other people, you can search for them on YouTube and listen to them. These are the people -- they're music people in the UK. We've got Dizee Rascal, Wiley, and N-Dubz. And if you search for N-Dubz and try to listen to him, you probably won't understand very much, I'm thinking. So now, I'm going to introduce you to some of the, like, words that we use when we speak in English, yeah? So that you know what we saying when you come to London. When you come to my endz, you can say all the right things, yeah? So let's have a look at some verbs. In your textbooks, you're told to ask for something. In this accent, you "axe" for something. "Axe dem blud." That means, "Ask them for something." "Buss" -- to "buss" something means to wear something. So, "You're bussing sick creps. Do you know what I'm saying?" "Creps" are trainers or shoes or sneakers. "You're wearing very nice trainers." "You're bussing sick creps. Do you get me?" "Cotch" means to relax somewhere. "Come we go cotch." "Let's go relax somewhere." "Fix up" -- I've got a sad story about this one that's true. When I was in secondary school, there was this girl in my secondary school, and she was a bully. And I remember I was cuing up for my lunch, and she just came behind me, hit me on the head, and she's, like, "Go fix your hair." And I was, like, "What's wrong with my hair? I'm really sorry." And I felt really bad. So if somebody says "fix up something", it's like, "You're looking really bad." "Nah. You ain't good, you know?" So in Dizee Rascal's song, which is quite famous, he says, "Fix up. Look sharp." And that means, like, "Try and wear something good when you go out into the world." So moving on from the verbs. Nouns, essential nouns in this vocabulary. You know the word "house", right? Well, the other word you can use for it is "yard". "Come to my yard, yeah? I'll meet you later." "Fam", "blud", and "yout" are all words that could be used for "friend". "Yout" would be, like, a young friend. "He's just a yout. Leave him. He ain't worth it. Do you know what I mean? Leave him."
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IELTS Success: Writing Effective Paragraphs IELTS Success: Writing Effective Paragraphs
4 years ago En
When writing essays, it is very important to stay on topic. In the IELTS and CAE writing exams, you will lose valuable marks if you don’t answer the question. So it’s really important to make sure your writing stays on track. In this lesson, you will learn a structure for writing paragraphs that will help you with the content and flow of your essay. You will also learn about the dos and don'ts of these exams. After watching the video, take the quiz and see if you are ready for your test! http://www.engvid.com/ielts-writing-effective-paragraphs/ For more a complete, free guide to the IELTS, go to: http://www.GoodLuckIELTS.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is writing paragraphs. And I'm going to give you a structure you can use in the IELTS writing paper, in the discursive essay section. And you can also use what I'm teaching you today in the CAE exam, but also more generally in discursive essays because people who don't have much experience writing essays or plus writing essays in English can often lose control of the essay because they're not really writing with a structure in mind. And when that happens, you just start talking about something else that's not even related to the question. So you don't actually get very good marks when you write an essay that's not about the question. Did you know that? Well, anyway, it happens sometimes. So this structure is very fixed, and it's repetitive. So you would follow the structure in your first paragraph. And then, you'd do three or four similar ones. It's fixed for a reason, to keep your essay under control, to keep you answering the question. So let's have a look at a typical IELTS kind of question. "These days, many students decide to attend university in a foreign country. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of attending university in a foreign country." So first, what we need to do is we need to make a little plan. And I know the advantages and disadvantages based on my personal experience because I was lucky enough to study in a foreign country when I was a student. Yeah. I spent a year in Amsterdam. So what were the pros? Make friends from other countries. "Make friends -- other countries." I'm not going to -- actually, I'm just going to write a shortened version because it doesn't fit here. Make friends from other countries. Learn a language. What else? Challenge yourself. What else? Travel. Also, sometimes, expense might be a factor. Now, university is really, really expensive in the UK, so it may be an advantage to go study in a different country where it's a bit cheaper. So potentially, it could be cost. What are the disadvantages, then? You might get homesick. You might miss your parents, or you might miss your dog or something. You get homesick. You know, it might actually be more expensive for you. If you go to -- if you move to a country where university is really expensive. So it could be expensive. Maybe learning a language is a disadvantage for some people because your grades might not be as good. So we could put in the language barrier. So this is the really quick plan for when you're writing a discursive essay like this. It really helps, especially if it's about advantages and disadvantages. You've got them all down here. So when you're writing the essay, you can just take any one of those. It's not important to have, like, highly original ideas. You don't have to think of something really amazing. It's just an IELTS essay or similar. So here's the basic plan, and here is the simple structure to follow. We're going to use a set phrase. Then, we're going to elaborate on that. That means say it a little bit more. Then, we're going to do a sentence with "however" where we show a complicating factor or something is that, maybe, shows that what we're talking about we're not so clear about. And then, as an optional sentence, you can share your experience. And this can be altogether one paragraph. You finish that. Then, you do the same thing, but you pick a different point, either an advantage or a disadvantage. So let's have a look at the set phrases. You can just learn these set phrases to use in your essays. "One of the reasons" -- well, obviously, it won't be about studying abroad. You just change it to fit your question. "One of the reasons to study abroad..." "The main advantage of studying abroad..." "A good reason to study in a foreign country is..." So we just take one of the pros because these are all positive statements. "One of the reasons to study abroad is so you can make friends with people from other countries." "The main advantage of studying abroad is to challenge yourself." "A good reason to study in a foreign country is to learn a foreign language." Okay? Then, you've got the first part of your introduction written.
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8 Tips for British English Pronunciation 8 Tips for British English Pronunciation
4 years ago En Ru
Take your English to the next level by learning eight pronunciation tips that will help you sound like a native speaker. These tips apply to a British English accent or a neutral English accent. In this lesson, you will learn about -ed and -ing word endings, the difference in pronunciation between the north and south of England, the schwa sound, the pronunciation of the R sound in English, the tricky "th" sound, and more. Whether you want to perfect your pronunciation or learn about different accents, this video is for you. After watching, complete the quiz to test your understanding. http://www.engvid.com/8-tips-for-british-english-pronunciation/ Want to train your British accent? Get my free British accent training pack: https://jadejoddle.com/coaching-tools/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is some pronunciation tips for British English. Some of them are tips; some of them are observations that you might be interested to know. We've got eight of them, so let's get started. Pronunciation of-ed word endings. This is not specifically a British English issue. If your preference -- I don't know why I can't speak suddenly in an English pronunciation video, but that's how it is. If your preference is American English, this also applies to American English. So what I hear a lot at, sort of, around intermediate level -- sometimes upper intermediate level if you haven't had someone to correct you -- -ed word endings sound like this. I can't even do it because it's so unnatural for me. "Excite-ed shout-ed, remind-ed." It's so unnatural for me. But in fact, it's not like that. It doesn't sound like an -ed. It might sound like an /id/; it might sound like a /t/; or it might sound like a /d/. So I've got some examples here. This word, even though it's spelled -ed, makes an /id/ sound. It becomes "excited". "I'm really excited." "Shouted." "He shouted at me." "Reminded." "I reminded you to do your homework; didn't I?" And -- yeah. So now, we can talk about the ones that finish with a t sound. "Finished. Dripped. Laughed." They don't have the-ed sound. So that's an important thing to know about pronunciation. Even if it's spelled-ed, it doesn't mean it sounds like that. And what about the ones that end with a d sound, a "duh" sound. "Remembered." "I remembered what you said to me." "Called." "I called you. Didn't you hear your phone?" "Imagined." "I imagined a better future for everyone." So with those, it's a D sound. How do you know for each one? Go with what feels most natural when you're saying the word. The main thing is don't force the -ed sound at the end of the word because it's that that gives you an unnatural rhythm when you're speaking English. So moving on to -- this one's an observation, really. British English pronunciation. We have so many different accents in England. But one of the biggest divisions in our accents is -- it's between the north of the country and the south, and it's our pronunciation of these words: "bath" and "laugh", as I say them. I say them in the southern pronunciation. But if I were from the north -- if I were from the north of the country, I'd say "bath" and "laugh" because they have a different accent up there. Well, they've got loads of different accents, but they don't speak in the same way as me. So let's break it down into the actual sound. So if you're from the North, you say, "a". But we, in the South, say "au". So you say "bath", we say "bauth". And you say "laf"; we say "laugh". And you can also hear it in these two words. It doesn't have to be the first or only a vowel in the word. In the southern pronunciation, this is "commaund". But in the northern pronunciation, it's "command". And the southern pronunciation of this word is "caust". The northern pronunciation is "cast". The cast of Brookside came to London." "Brookside" was an old soap that's not on TV anymore, and it was people from Liverpool. And I was just doing the accent. Probably that's really irrelevant to you. You will never see that show, but anyway. You know, now. Next tip. I don't hear this that often, but when I do, it sounds really, really, really wrong. And I think this tip generally -- generally a good example of how -- just because we write something one way doesn't mean we say it that way. So in English -- American English, too -- W sounding words are the same as the "wh" sound in words for spelling. It actually sounds the same. So we've got two words here, "wine" and "whine". One is spelled with WH, and one is just spelled with I. "Whine" is a kind of moan or a kind of cry. Sometimes, young children whine. Sometimes, women who are upset about something are said to be "whiny".
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How to Write IELTS Essay Introductions – The Quick & Easy Way! How to Write IELTS Essay Introductions – The Quick & Easy Way!
4 years ago En
In this lesson, you'll learn different ways to write easy but effective introductions to your essays. You don’t need to be imaginative with your introduction -- all you need to do is follow the structure I give you. For most people, the hardest part of writing an essay is beginning. Stop being nervous and get a high score in your English exam by learning my simple structure for a good introduction. As a bonus, you'll also learn some useful phrases you can memorise and use in your IELTS and CAE essays. Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-ielts-essay-introductions/#quiz And find more IELTS resources at http://www.goodluckielts.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hello everyone, I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is writing introductions. And I'm going to give you three ways that you can write introductions, and you can use any of these three ways to answer an IELTS exam for the discursive essay or discursive essay questions in the CAE exam. So let's take a look at the kind of question I'm talking about. I'll read the question to you first of all. "In Britain, elderly people may go to live in a home with other old people where nurses look after them. Sometimes the government has to pay for this care. Who do you think should pay for this care?" And then in the IELTS question it would say: "Give reasons and support your answer with your own opinions." So this is a discursive essay. And if you look at it, there are two... There are two sides in the question. The first side is the government paying for the care. And the other... The other side is implied, doesn't... Doesn't tell us who the other side is. But if the government's not paying, it's implying that it's the... The children of the elderly people. So: "children of elderly people." So, in all these discursive essays, there's going to be some kind of opposition; one side and a different side. So now we found the two sides, the two ways of looking at this question. And what we're going to look at now is the first way that you can answer this question in an introduction. Because what happens is when you get there and you're writing an exam, many people just get stuck and they don't know what to write for the introduction; they don't know how to begin. And, of course, you can waste time if you don't know what to say. So what some people do is basically just rewrite the question and just maybe change a couple of words, but it's not really an introduction if you do that. So let's look at rhetorical questions. You can use a rhetorical question to write an introduction. What's a "rhetorical question"? I think I just made a rhetorical question. It's when you... When you speak directly to the reader, asking a question, but of course the reader's not going to be able to answer you, so you answer the reader in the course of your argument. So it's taking the question and making your own question out of it, essentially. So, an easy way to do it is by using: "should" to form your question. So remember we've got two sides, we've got an opposition. We've got government paying for the care and we've got the children of elderly people paying for the... For the care. So here we go, here's the first example: "Should the government or family pay for the care of elderly people?" So, in my answer, I've called them "family" here, it's a little bit... It's a little bit more direct and succinct, rather than saying: "children of elderly people". So there's one example. "Should the government be responsible for providing care for elderly people?" I forgot my question mark there. You don't need to write your rhetorical question with "should". You could use other question structures. For example: "Is it the responsibility of government to pay for the care of elderly people?" You don't have to use "should", but I find "should" is an easy... Easy way to generate your question. But then, you know, that's not the whole introduction; you need to say something else. What do you say then? Well, you follow with the context. So, what's the context of this? Well, it's telling us what happens in Britain, elderly people go to homes and the government pays or sometimes the family pay, but maybe there's a different context in other countries. For example: the country you're from. Again, it's implying that, that it's not the same system everywhere in the world. So you could... You could bring this context into the next sentence in your introduction. So here is some sentences you can use for writing about the context. And I haven't... I haven't finished the sentences, I'll just improvise some endings. For example: "This question" - talking about the rhetorical question - "generates a lot of debate because..." and now I'm going to improvise. "This question generates a lot of debate because the care for elderly people is very, very" - not very, very - "is very expensive."
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What grammar mistakes do native speakers make? What grammar mistakes do native speakers make?
4 years ago En
8 common English grammar mistakes that native speakers make! Do you realize that not everyone in North America or the UK speaks perfect English? In fact, the majority of people do not follow all the grammar rules that you learn on engVid or in textbooks. It is sometimes confusing for learners of English when they hear their native speaker friends making these mistakes. These mistakes are also often heard in movies. There is a big cultural divide between people who speak correct English and people who speak with mistakes. The ability to speak English in the grammatically standard way will often determine whether you have access to a professional-level job. This is especially true if you’re a non-native speaker of English, so I strongly suggest you follow the standard rules of English grammar. In this video, I cover mistakes you'll hear in the UK, but many of these mistakes are also made by Americans. After the lesson, make sure to test yourself with my quiz! http://www.engvid.com/native-speaker-grammar-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. Today we're talking about common mistakes that native speakers make. And I use the word "mistakes" -- I use that word, "mistakes", for you. I don't actually listen to people and say, "You're wrong! You're wrong!" because a lot of the time, it's about variety of English and accent as well. Whether they use this grammar is incorrect grammar in terms of standard English. But people use it, and people say it. So that's why I'm telling you about it. Also, I've got so much respect for people who come and learn English, but like, you could say, like, on the street, you know? They're not taking classes. They're learning from the people they're around. Sometimes, the people you're around speak in the way where there are these mistakes. So that's the kind of thing that you acquire. Nothing wrong with that because people speak like that. But maybe you get to a point where you've seen something in a book where grammar is explained, but it's not what you hear people using. And when that happens, there's sometimes quite a lot of confusion. So I'm pointing out these mistakes to you so that you can observe them yourself, and then, you can decide, "Well, I like saying it that way" or, "I don't want to say it that way." "That's the way everyone I know speaks, so I'm going to speak like that" or, "I'm going to choose not to." So -- yeah. Let's take a little look. So something you'll hear a lot in many different accents in English -- British English -- is using "was" for all past subjects. So you learn in your grammar books that you say, "I was, you were, we" -- I need to think about this -- "we were, they were, blah, blah, blah, he, she, it -- was." But a lot of people just say "was" all the time when they're talking about the past. They say, "We was going there" or, "they was joking." It's not standard English, but you will hear it a lot. So we are, in standard English, expected to use "were" in our sentences, not to use "was" all the time. Moving on. No. 2, substituting the past participle where the past simple is needed. Okay. So these are example sentences that you will hear which are considered incorrect in terms of standard English. "I done it. Did you do your homework? I done it." "Where's the vodka? He drunk it." "Where's the dog?" No. Not, "Where's the dog." "Where are the kids? They run over the road." Okay? You'll hear those. But these sentences should either be past simple here because we're talking about completed, finished, past events, or they should be present perfect sentences. So they're using the past participle, which relates to the present perfect as in an action that happened in the past still with an impact now, but it's confused because it's used without an auxiliary verb. So let's compare to the correct standard English version. "Where's your homework? I did it." " Where's the vodka? He drank it." The past simple form of the verb "drink" is "drank". I'll write that one down because it's a confusing one. So it's "drink, drank, drunk". And -- yeah. "Where are the kids? They ran over the road." This one is confusing as well, "run, ran, run". And let's look at it in the present perfect form. "Where's your homework? I've done it." "Where's the vodka? He's drunk it." And, "Where are the kids? They've run over the road." They're still there. They haven't come back yet.
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Welcome to London - Tour around Covent Garden Welcome to London - Tour around Covent Garden
4 years ago En Ru
Welcome to Covent Garden, London. I’m going to show you around and tell you what I know about this famous neighbourhood. Covent Garden is a popular place for tourists to visit in London, so I thought you’d like to see it. Native Londoners (like me) also go to Covent Garden just to walk around and to soak up the atmosphere. Join me as we learn about how this area was in the old days. I will tell you a little bit about the history of London -- how Covent Garden once used to be a very poor area and was considered to be a slum. You can now see how different it is -- there are many theatres and expensive shops. I wonder what it would have been like to be a flower seller in Victorian London. I had fun making this video for you -- hope you enjoy it! Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/welcome-to-london-covent-garden#quiz TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. In today's video, we're going for a walk around Covent Garden in London. It's one of London's famous areas, and it's known for entertainment and performers. So as we walk around, I'm going to tell you some of the things that I know about this area. Are you ready? Let's go. That's a cool shop! So here we are in Covent Garden. This area's really famous for theaters and street performers. And even though there are modern shops all around us and cafes, whenever I come here, I really get a sense of the old London, the London of 100 years ago or 150 years ago. At that time, too, there would have been street performers. And they would have sold roses and sung songs, songs like this, "Who will buy my sweet red roses? Such a sight you never did see." That song is from a musical called "Oliver". And that was written by Charles Dickens. So yeah. When I come to Covent Garden, I get a sense of all the history of London. Let's take a look at some of the performers. I don't know about you, but I think I've seen enough street performers now to last me a while. So I've taken you to a different part of Covent Garden because right behind me is a house where the great author Charles Dickens used to live. And do you know anything about Charles Dickens? Because he's one of our most famous writers. And he wrote at a time where London was pretty much poverty, disease, and misery for most Londoners. So we're really lucky to have the very different London that you see today. But I want to show you a part of Covent Garden so you can really imagine that time of Charles Dickens. Shoe distraction! Here we are at Seven Dials. It's a part of Covent Garden where there's a roundabout and seven streets coming off the roundabout. This place, in Victorian London, was a very different place. It was London's poorest slum. So it was one of London's worst areas. At that time, in a single house, as many as seven families lived. There was no electricity. There was no running water. So you can imagine it was a very dirty place. Also, there would have been a lot of crime around here because the families were very poor. These days, we see something really different. We see expensive boutiques. We see nice cafes. But at that time, the shops were called "rag and bone shops", and that means they didn't sell new things; they sold really, really old clothing that was almost falling apart, very, very old boots. So there was nothing new because this was a really poor area then. Because London is so old, we have secret alleyways like this. This is called "Neal's Yard", and it's actually one of my favorite places in Covent Garden because just down there, there are some cafes and really nice juice bars and things like that. But can you imagine how scary it would have been in Victorian times when all the people around here were a bit poor and a bit dodgy? But we're quite safe now. What I'm going to do now is get warm in one of those nice cafes there. And what you can do now is go and do the quiz for today's video on the EngVid website. If you enjoyed this tour around Covent Garden, thumbs up. And don't forget to subscribe. And I'd just like to say thanks for watching. See you later.
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How to talk about an article in English How to talk about an article in English
4 years ago En
Talking about an article in English can be scary! That is why many people stay quiet, and do not share their opinions. However, talking about texts you have read in English doesn't have to give you anxiety -- in this video, you will learn key phrases and expressions you can use to talk about the texts you have read. These phrases are suitable for academic, business, and social contexts when discussing texts such as reports and academic papers. Take a quiz on what you've learned here: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-talk-about-an-article-in-english TRANSCRIPT Hello, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is phrases you can use when you need to talk about an article, a report, or maybe it could be a book or something like that in a university context, but maybe also as well in a meeting you might need to say something about some literature you were supposed to read before that meeting. So, by watching today's lesson, I'll give you some phrases that you can build up and make some sentences where you can sound very informed, and very opinionated, and say all the right things in a business or academic context. So, let's take a look at these different phrases and sentences we can use. You can make direct statements of opinion about the article or what you've read. And to do that, you can use "I". So you can say: "I thought". If we're talking about an article, you can say: "I thought the article was thorough". "Thorough" means that something takes a look at all the important things, all the necessary things that it should cover for that kind of topic. Nothing is left out if it's thorough. If we're talking about the introduction, that means the beginning, the beginning part of the article, perhaps you've got something interesting to say about the beginning. "The introduction was insightful." If it's insightful, you learnt something. "Yes, it was insightful. It was... It was... You know, I approve of it. It was insightful." Perhaps the rest of the article isn't very good, but you've got something good to say about the introduction. Another variation of: "I thought", or: "I think", you could use it present tense as well, is: "In my opinion". "In my opinion, because I know about these things, the case studies were too short." A case study is where you get an example. Or you could say it's like a story of someone who's been through a particular situation, and usually case studies are put together to show how a business or organization helps somebody or solves a problem. So, you'll often encounter case studies in the world of work. They're meant to be persuasive, and they're meant to move you to action or make you want to do something, or prove to you how something works or how something doesn't work. So, you could say: "The case studies were too short." We use "too" for a negative opinion. So this wasn't good about the case studies. We could use any other adjective. We could say: "too long". We can build the sentence like that. Next, you could use the same building block there: "The case studies were fairly persuasive." Here, we're using adverb, and then adjective. "Fairly" means quite, but "fairly" is the more formal version. And it's a word that feels more academic, and it feels more like you're giving a serious opinion if you say "fairly". "It was fairly persuasive." So they were good, but you know, maybe they could have been better. Here, you're softening your praise. If you're saying: "The case studies were persuasive", that's stronger. That's like you approve of them more. But if you put "fairly" there, little bit less than without "fairly." Again, we're still talking about "in my opinion". "In my opinion, the findings". "Findings" is another word for "conclusion". "The findings were inconclusive." If something is inconclusive, you're not quite sure if the thing has been proven. It's undecided. We're not quite sure of the result or the outcome. Maybe more research needs to be done. If it's inconclusive, we need to wait and see. Moving on now, this is another way to give your opinion. You can say: "As I see it", you're using yourself, and your knowledge, and your way of viewing the world. You can look at it like that to pass your opinions and your knowledge to others. "The recommendations are unworkable." So, many reports will make recommendations. So, they'll analyze a situation. At the end, they'll say: "We think this needs to happen." Those are the recommendations. The recommendations are made by experts, experts who researched and made a report. You, on the other hand, may think that their recommendations are unworkable; they simply won't work. They're not as good as my recommendations on my report. They're unworkable. They would not work in real life. And you could say, as well: "As I see it, the report is first-rate." That's quite a formal way of saying excellent. It can't be better. It's excellent research and very well done, it's first-rate.
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CAE Cambridge English Exam - All you need to know CAE Cambridge English Exam - All you need to know
4 years ago En
Are you thinking of taking the CAE exam? I'll tell you everything you need to know about the exam to decide if it is for you. Did you know that many people can take the CAE instead of the IELTS? If you have decided to take the CAE, I'll give you details on all the different parts of this Cambridge exam, and also tell you about the 2015 changes. Here are some of the questions that I cover in this video: - What is the exam for? - Who takes the exam? - How hard is the test? - How long is the exam? - What are the different sections of the test? - What are the different test questions like? - How is the test changing? Did you understand the lesson? Take the quiz on it here: http://ww.engvid.com/cambridge-english-exam/ TRANSCRIPT Hello, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is the CAE test. This is a Cambridge exam, and it tests the advanced level of English. So, we're going to generally look at the parts of the test, and then in the next part of the video, we'll look at the test in more detail, so you'll know exactly what to expect if you're going to take this exam. So, who takes this test? This is a test that people choose to take because they want to go to university in an English-speaking country, or you want to do a course in English at a university. You might also be taking this because you need it as part of your visa requirements. Or you might be doing it because you just want to take the test. Not so many people do that, but I've met some. What's in the test? There are five parts at the moment; a reading part, a writing part, a listening part, a speaking part, and also this use of English, which is a vocabulary and grammar combined test that's seeing where you are with that. Importantly, though, in 2015, the reading test and the use of English will be together in one part. So, that means there'll just be four... There'll be four parts 2015 onwards. This... I should also say about this test that it's a Secure English Language Test. That means that you do it in a test center and you have to prove your identity. It's a formal test, and it's one of the reasons why this test is well-respected, and you can use it to enter university and things like that, because the results that you get are trusted. You can do this test on paper or computer; you have a choice. And it tests from... At the lower end, you could be intermediate, and the top end proficiency which is very, very, very, very high. So, that's a broad survey of what's in the test. Now we're going to look at the parts in more detail. So, we have... Let's start with the reading test. The reading test is one hour and 15 minutes. There are four parts. This will be 20% of your overall mark, and you'll be expected to read 3,000 words. What kinds of text will you be reading? Well, you'll be reading newspapers, fiction, non-fiction, and promotional copy. So it could be a variety of texts that you might just encounter in life in an English-speaking country. The skills that it's looking for is... It will be looking for your ability to read for gist, which is like the general meaning, but also detail. These are different reading skills. When you're reading for detail, you'll have to find a specific part of the text and read very closely for your answer, whereas gist relates to the general meaning. And when you're answering the questions, sometimes it will be multiple choice. So, you know, A), B), C), and sometimes you'll need to fill in a gap. So, you need to go back to the test... To the text, read closely, and find your answer so you can fill in the gap. It's also testing you on your ability to interpret tone in a text. So, perhaps not just the literal words written there on the page, but when we understand tone, we get an extra sense of what it really means. And also opinion, so you're reading something, and then you're making... When you're reading it for opinion, you get a sense of what is actually meant, and you'll need to express what is meant through opinion, through people's opinion. And you'll be expected to understand the main ideas of the text as well. When we come back, we're going to look at the other parts of the test in closer detail. Let's have a look at the writing part of the exam in closer detail-this is a magnifying glass-and the use of English part of the exam. So, the writing part of the test is two questions. It's going to be 20% of your overall mark. And it's one hour, 30 minutes. Now, what you need to do in the writing test is... Question one is compulsory, that means you have to answer it; you don't have a choice. In this question, first of all, you need to read an extract, so there'll be a short text, up to 150 words, that you need to read before you write your own answer.
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Who is in charge? - Causative Verbs in English Who is in charge? - Causative Verbs in English
4 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com What are causative verbs? In this grammar lesson, I will tell you all you need to know about using causative verbs. We use these verbs when there is a power relationship involved in what is happening. For example, when you tell someone to do something, you can use this structure: "I told Tom to wash the dishes." But did you know it means something different if you say "I had Tom wash the dishes." or "I made Tom wash the dishes."? Find out what the causative verbs in English are, and how you can use them in your speech and writing. Using causative verbs correctly shows a real command of the language! http://www.engvid.com/how-to-show-authority-causative-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is causative verbs. And this is a different structure we use in sentences when it's important to show authority and important to show someone who's deciding an action. So how I'm going to introduce these verbs to you is to show you some example sentences first. Some are in the causative structure; some are not in the causative structure. So let's have a look. Sentence No. 1, "John cleans the windows for me." That's the structure you already know. What's important in this sentence is the subject, John. He's the man cleaning the windows. Okay. You know that. It's easy. Sentence 2, "I have John clean the windows for me." This is the introduction to the causative structure. We've got causative have. What's different about this sentence? "John" is now in the object position, and "I" is in the subject position. So what's different about this is -- we still know that John is cleaning the windows, but what's different is you are becoming important because you have the authority to make that happen. So it gives us a little bit more information about what's important here. Let's have a look at No. 3. "I have the windows cleaned." What's missing in this sentence is we don't know who's doing the cleaning anymore. It's not important because we don't have John's name here. So something is missing in this one. No. 4, "I get John to clean the windows." This structure is causative get, and we can use it in the same way as causative have -- the same way as this. And again, it's like an order or a task John is given to do, and you have the authority to make that happen. No. 5, "I make John clean the windows." Then you really -- you're not being very nice to him. You're forcing him. And poor John has no choice. You've got to be his boss, maybe his wife. I don't know, but you're not being very nice to him. And let's have a look at No. 6. This is causative let. And we use this for permission. "I let John clean the windows for me." What does that mean? He's begging you. He's saying, "Please. Can I come and clean your windows?" So you can see they have different meanings here. But what we're going to do in the next part of the lesson is look at the structure you need to use to build that kind of sentence. But before we get there, when can you use causative structures? Well, you need to have some kind of authority relationship. So you need, like, a boss and an employee or a teacher and a pupil, okay? Or you need a parent and a child. Otherwise, the causative structure's just not going to work. You can't say to your colleague, "I make my colleague bring me tea." You probably can't say that unless you bully your colleague. It's not going to work. So let's start by looking at the structure now. Causative have and get are the same structure for this meaning. So you choose "have" or "get" and then your object and then a past participle. And what's useful to remember about this? Wherever you have a job done in your house -- you have something fixed or your car fixed or something redesigned or something changed in your house -- you use this causative structure. So here are some examples. "She had the kitchen redecorated." "I'm getting the car fixed." So you can use it in the different tenses as well. Let's have a look at the other causative structures that you need to know. So we've got causative get. And this is a different meaning, this one. We use this one when you want to persuade someone or -- no, when you have persuaded someone to do something. So for example, "I got Tom to lend me some money." He didn't want to lend you some money, but you spoke to him nicely; you did some sweet talk, and you got him to lend you some money. So that means persuaded him to do something for you.
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British Slang: INSULTS & childish sayings British Slang: INSULTS & childish sayings
4 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com In today's lesson, I'll share some insults and other fun sayings that children use. You can use this British slang to irritate or annoy someone in a childish way. If you are in school in an English-speaking country, you may hear these insults. So you'll learn what they mean, and how to respond to them! I'm not teaching you these expressions so that you can insult people, but so that you can understand more about English culture, and perhaps even imagine what it would be like to to go to school in England. You can also use these expressions to joke around with your friends. When used correctly, they can be quite funny! Do you know any other childish sayings that I didn't mention in the lesson? Share them with me in a comment! http://www.engvid.com/british-slang-insults-childish-sayings TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade, and what I'm telling you today is expressions and sayings and, in sorts, words that kids use in British English, or at least they did when I was a kid. So I'm just telling you some of the things that I remember. The thing about kids, as I'm sure you know, they can be quite mean, can't they? In a funny way, but they can also be quite mean. So let me tell you some of the things that we used to say to each other when I was at school. So if you want to insult someone in the playground, you could call somebody a "soap dodger". "What's a 'soap dodger'", I hear you ask. A "soap dodger" is someone who doesn't wash, who's a dirty, unclean person. If you "dodge" something, it means you, like, you run away from it -- run away from it. So a "soap dodger" runs away from being clean and washing. "Minger." "Minger" is actually a new word. I don't think we had this when I was at school, but it's "childish". It means "ugly person". Like, "Ew, you minger." This one is really bad, actually. I don't agree with this one. Sometimes, people say "ginger minger". And "ginger" is someone with red hair. That's really mean about people with ginger hair. "Div" means "stupid person". "Oh, shut up, you div." "Go away, you div." "Weirdo" -- "strange person". "I'm not talking to you. You're a weirdo. No. Go away." Kids like to say "go away" a lot, so I'll be repeating that frequently throughout this lesson. This will tell you something about British culture, I think, because it's an insult for you to study and try to do your best, basically. So somebody at school who actually cares and does their work, well, that person is called a "try hard", and that's seen as a bad thing to be called a "try hard". Probably -- maybe in your country, that's a good thing. "You try hard. Well done! In Britain, it's like -- nah. It's seen as a good thing to be good without trying -- to be kind of lazy. But for some reason, working hard is not a good thing. And this did apply to me when I was at school, but I wear contact lenses now. I was a "four-eyes", a "four-eyes" person. I wore glasses. But actually, when I was at school, I don't remember anybody ever calling me "four-eyes", so I was okay. I survived. A couple of other mean things kids say now. Now might be called -- you might call someone a "loser" if they're the kind of person you wouldn't want to be friends with. Like, they don't do anything good. They're, like, uncool. It's really sad to say it. They're a pathetic person. That's so mean and horrible, but that's what kids say. You might also be a loner -- someone with no friends. Then, you're called a "loner". That doesn't feel very good if you're at school either. Also, we use this adjective, "sad". Someone's "sad" if they're just, like, not cool, and they're always, like, saying the wrong things, wearing the wrong things. You can say that person's "sad". What do you do if somebody calls you a "ginger minger div"? Well, you can come back at them with this. You can say, "I'm rubber, and you're glue. Whatever you say bounces off of me and sticks to you." And that way, like, their words can't hurt you. And then, they'll just be really embarrassed. They'll be shamed with your come back here. Let's have a look at more general childish expressions now. Moving on a little bit from the insults. Staying there, but slowly moving away from it. Kids are fond of saying this, "Your mum!" It just doesn't -- you can say it to anything. Somebody insults you; you can say, "Your mum!" Or you don't think they're funny or whatever, or you disagree with them; you can say, "Your mum!" Or if you don't want to listen to someone -- you don't want to listen to their insults, you can say, "Shut your gob/shut your trap/shut your cakehole." They're all the same thing. So that's your -- that could be your "gob"; that could be your "trap"; or it could be your "cakehole". In goes the cake because you've got a big mouth. Kids are really fond of telling other people to go away as I mentioned before, so here are two ways to do it. You can tell them to "get lost". "I'm not listening to you anymore. Get lost."
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Sound like a native speaker: Advanced Pronunciation Sound like a native speaker: Advanced Pronunciation
4 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com Do you want to pronounce words correctly? By the end of this lesson, you will even be able to correct native speakers! I'll teach you some very commonly mispronounced English vocabulary. You'll learn some words that English students mispronounce, other words that native speakers pronounce incorrectly, as well as some general pronunciation rules in English, so that you can speak English correctly and confidently. To keep learning English for free, subscribe to my YouTube channel, EnglishByJade! http://youtube.com/user/EnglishByJade TRANSCRIPT Hello, everyone. I'm Jade. We're talking about commonly mispronounced words today in this pronounciation lesson. No, pronunciation lesson. So I'm going to mention words that people say in the wrong way sometimes, maybe because they're not easy to read these words or maybe because a lot of people say them wrong, therefore, you learnt to say them in a way that's wrong. The first things we're going to look at are not words, they're letters. I'm telling you this because I've mentioned this before in videos that sometimes in Britain, you're judged. No, you're always judged by your language in Britain. So when you say these letters, some people will listen to how you say those letters and they'll judge you if you say it in the wrong way, and they're like: "Oh, you're not educated", or: "Oh, that's very common", as in not being... Having the right parents and the right kind of background. So, the first letter, a lot of people say: "haitch", with a "ha" sound, but according to people who decide these things, you're not meant to say: "haitch", you're meant to say without it: "aitch", according to them, so there you go. And what about this letter? How do you say this letter? Do you say: "dubya"? Well, this one is meant to be: "double-u". So we're going to cross those ones out. Moving on, some of them are tricks because the verb for this is: "pronounced." We "pronounce" words, but when we say the noun, it changes; it becomes: "pronunciation." And I've had people say things to me in my videos before: "Oh, you're saying that word wrong." Well, no, no, I know that I'm not. You're wrong. Okay? I know you're wrong. Trust me on that one. So now you know. Okay? You can do that to other people when they tell you you're wrong because it's like you've got... When someone does that, you can say: "You've got egg on your face." Okay? "You're wrong because you tried to tell me I was wrong, but in fact, you were wrong. Now you've got egg on your face." So anyway, "pronunciation." This one, it's a hard word to spell. So I can hear creative... This is... Wouldn't be a native speaker on this one. Creative interpretations of this word, let's say that, usually like: "ton-gu" or something. Sounds like a game that you can play, but "ton-gu" is not right. It's: "tongue", that's a bit weird, I'm not going to do that in my video. Looking at this word now: "height". I think this one breaks our expectations, you could say, because the other words related to it: "width", "length", have the "th" sound. "Width", "length". This one, not spelt the same way, doesn't have the same sound. So it should be: "height", "height", not: "heigth", a lot of people say: "heigth". Wrong. Right: "height" with a "t". So it's the exception, it doesn't... Doesn't go with "width" or "length". Are there any others? "Depth", "depth", oh, that's hard for me to say. "Depth", too hard for me to say. Looking at the next word now, a non... A non-native mistake: "suit", "suit". Some people say: "suite", "suite", all kinds of wrong pronunciations for that one. Thing to remember there is it's the long "u" sound, "oo", "suit", "suit".
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Basic English Grammar: What is an auxiliary verb? Basic English Grammar: What is an auxiliary verb?
4 years ago En
Important basic English grammar lesson. When you're teaching yourself English, there are aspects of basic grammar that you don't know about or understand. This makes it sometimes difficult to understand your English lessons. That's why today I'm telling you all about "auxiliary verbs" -- also known as "helper verbs". They are extra verbs in the sentence that don't usually contribute to the main meaning of the sentence. They usually just show you what verb tense the sentence is. I explain everything you need to know about them, and how to find them in a sentence. Let's get started! Test yourself with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/basic-english-grammar-auxiliary-verb/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is auxiliary verbs. You don't have to be scared of that word, "auxiliary", because it's a grammar word. Basically, what they are is they're helper verbs. They are not the most important verb in the sentence, but they're important so we know what tense it is. So the reason I made this lesson today is I found that people who taught English to themselves get to a point where some confusion comes in because if you're watching videos about learning English and things like that, sometimes, you're going to hear grammar words that you're not sure about. And then, some confusion can happen. So if the teacher says, "Find the verb in the sentence", sometimes, what happens is you just find the verb you know, but you don't realize that it's not the important verb there. So the whole idea of this lesson is to just teach you a bit of grammar so that you don't get confused in the future when you're watching videos and things like that. So yeah. They're helper verbs. They're not the most important verb in the sentence. There can be more than one of them in a sentence and even still not being the main verb. It's important because it will help you to recognize the tense, the different tenses of English. Maybe you don't use all the tenses actively, but it's still good to be able to recognize them. And also, the most important thing about auxiliary verbs is that it's not helpful for you to directly translate these words because you'll just get a really confusing, confusing meaning. And sometimes, that's a mistake people make. So what we're going to do is go through the different auxiliary verbs in English and look at the different ways that we use them. So the first one you might not think of as being a helping verb, but it's a good example of what I mean when you see the verb, and then you try to translate it, and it doesn't really give you a good meaning; it doesn't really explain what it means well. The best example of that is "be" in the present and past simple. "She is my boss." What does "be" mean? What does it -- what does "be" mean? I don't know. I was personally confused about that even though I didn't need to learn English. And what it's doing is being a linking verb. In grammar terms, all it's doing is joining subject to object. It doesn't carry its own meaning, you could say. So in that sense, the verb isn't that important here. It's the subject and the object that are important. Anyway. The next examples, they start to get a little more complicated, but not too bad. Another example of "be", but this time in the continuous sentence -- in the continuous tenses. "He is sleeping." Let's have a think. What tense is that one? That one is the present continuous. And this one, "They have been talking." This one is the present perfect continuous. And what I mean by "auxiliary verb" in these is that they're not the most important verb in those examples. The most important verb is "sleeping" here. And the most important verb is "talking" here. In this example, the present perfect continuous actually has two auxiliaries because you can have more than one auxiliary verb in a sentence. Next example. "Have" in the perfect tenses. We've got two examples here. We've got, "I've got a car" and, "They had gone home." What tenses are we talking about here? "I've got a car." That one is the present perfect. And what about this one? What's this one? This one is the past perfect. Where's the most important verb? The most important verb is "get" here. We're using it for possession. It means "to own something, to possess something" here. In the second example, the most important verb is "go". This is a past participle. It becomes "gone". Let's move on to "do" -- our first example of "do". When we're making a negative sentence in the present simple or the past simple, in the negative form, we use "do". Let's look at the examples. "I do not like Peter." I'm sorry, Peter. "Do" shows us that we're making a negative sentence. What's the most important verb? The most important verb is "like". What about next example? "We didn't go." Again -- naughty me -- no full stop. The most important verb is "go". There's our negative, this time in a contracted form.
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What's your learning style? The BEST way for YOU to learn a language. What's your learning style? The BEST way for YOU to learn a language.
4 years ago En
How to a learn a language -- stop wasting your time with methods that don't work for you! There is no best way for everyone. The best way for YOU depends on YOUR learning style! People have different learning styles. In other words, they learn in different ways. Some people like to hear information, some like to see an image or diagram, and others learn by doing. In this video, I'll show you how you can figure out your personal learning style, and how you can use this information to your advantage in the future to learn English more effectively. Knowing your preferred learning style means you can learn more effectively. You will also see that these methods are the ones that you find most interesting. Knowing how you learn best also means you can try new methods of learning English that you may not yet know about! I'll share with you some ideas about new methods you can try out to help you develop your English. Then you can take a quiz on my lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/whats-your-learning-style/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What I'm talking about today is the best way to teach yourself English, and that's the way that fits you, your personality, and the way your mind ticks; the way your mind works. I think that, in general, it's the best time ever to be learning English because you have so much access to English materials. So I'm not talking just about traditional ways, like books, and going to classes because now with the internet, there are just so many ways that you can learn, also with new devices. So, right now, you're learning English for free on the internet. Right? But you can also be learning English for free on Facebook or by using an app. So more than ever, there are just so many opportunities to learn, but also to connect with other people who speak English or who want to speak English. So it's great. Yeah? Well, what would help, though, is knowing the best way to maximize what's already out there, so how you can use it more effectively. So to get there, what I want to do first is a little quiz, a quiz to find out your learning style. So let's go through the quiz and you have to decide which answer fits you best. Okay? So when using new equipment, equipment... This could be like... Could be a new computer or a new remote control for your television, something like that. Do you..? Or something a little bit more difficult than that. Do you read the instructions first, do you ask somebody who already knows how to use it for an explanation, or do you work it out by trial and error? That means you just start using it and learn... Learn yourself. Which one fits you? So, for me, I am... I am a trial and error person. This is me, so I'm going to put a star there. Another good example of that is: have you ever bought any flat pack furniture that you need to put together for yourself? Well, you know, do you read the instructions first, do you ask somebody, or do you just start? I'm this kind of person and I can tell you that it often goes wrong because I just think: "Oh, it will be fine." Next of all, when you're travelling and you need to find somewhere, do you use a map? "Aha, we go this way." Do you ask for directions or try to memorize them before you go? "Oh, I go there, and then I turn right, and then I go left. Aha, I see." Do you do that? Or do you get a sense of where to go by landmarks? I've lived in a couple of different cities, and this is what I always do. I live in Dubai at the moment, so kind of have a... Just a feeling of where the sea is all the time. I'm like: "The sea's over there, I'll go there." Doesn't always work, but that's how I make sense of where I am, so I'm here. When you're cooking, what do you like to do? Are you someone who follows a recipe? "I do that, I do that, I do that." Often, people who follow a recipe do exactly the thing it says. Is that you? When you're cooking, do you ask a friend to give you their tips for cooking? "Oh, I really loved what you made there. Can you tell me how you did it?" And then you try it yourself? Or do you just make it up as you go along? "I'll put a bit of that in. I'll make it a bit spicier. Who needs a recipe?" Which one are you? I'm... It's getting a little bit repetitive here. Isn't it? How about this one: I learn best when I'm shown what to do? So you show me what to do with your hands, I see it, and I go: "Right, I can do that now." I learn best when somebody tells me what to do, so they give you instructions, you hear it. You're like: "Aha, I know what to do now." Or do you learn best when you just have a go? You don't... You know, you can listen to them, you can see what you're supposed to do, but you really learn when you can be practical and get your hands involved. Which one are you? That's me.
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Words to make yourself more interesting Words to make yourself more interesting
4 years ago En
Do you want your stories to sound more interesting? In this lesson I teach you all about 'informal intensifiers'. That's the grammatical name for an adverb, such as 'very', that makes adjectives stronger, as you see in the following example: I'm hungry. [subject] + [verb] + [adjective] I'm very hungry. [subject] + [verb] + [intensifying adverb] + [adjective] I'm sure you already know the meaning of 'very'. However, we use different intensifiers depending on the background/social class of the speaker, as well as the formality of the situation. This English lesson explains which intensifiers you should use in different situations. Some adjectives, mostly swear words, also act as informal intensifiers. This means that people use them in their speech for dramatic effect. In this lesson, you learn a lot of new vocabulary to make your speech more interesting. You also find out about the most commonly used swear words in British English, so that you can be interesting in every situation! Take the quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/make-yourself-more-interesting-informal-intensifiers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. I'm talking about informal intensifiers today and this is a way to make a story more dramatic and it's what we use as native speakers when we're, yeah, telling a story. So when we're telling a story, we'll put in these adverbs to add drama you could say. But we... We've got a choice of intens-... They're otherwise known as intensifiers. We've got a choice of what words we can use. Any they depend... And the words we choose depend on the context and they depend on the kind of story you want to tell. So let's... Firstly, to describe what "posh" is. In the UK, "posh" means belonging to a higher social class. It could be a way of behaving, it could be a way of speaking. So we have that in England because of the queen and all stuff like that, and that's just the way English British society is. So posh people use different words in their speech. So in their speech, these are the preferred words for posh English. So someone might say: "When my contact lens was in my eye, it was fairly uncomfortable." Or "rather" has the same meaning. "It was my eye. I was rather upset." And they mean the same thing. They mean like: "quite". Not used so much nowadays, but in the past, posh people liked to say: "Terribly" and "Awfully" and they didn't mean them as terrible/awful. They actually mean the opposite, they mean "very" and "good". "I went to the party and it was a terribly lovely party and there were many people there." Or you could say: "Borris is an awfully good chap." That means: "very good chap" for a posh person. Posh language is going to prefer these informal intensifiers. Neutral English-sometimes posh people will use it too-neutral English, we would use all of these adverbs mostly. So you would be intensifying a story by saying: "I was in so much pain." And you really make the "so" long: "So much pain" when you're telling a story. Again, you can emphasize the "really". "I was really stressed." You could say that. One thing to mention about "quite" is they mean... It means the same thing as "fairly", but "fairly" is more posh and "quite" is more in the middle or whatever. And "too" means negative. So: "When my contact lens got stuck in my eye..." This sentence is not going to work. The sentence I'm thinking of, you'd say something is too expensive as in too much for a negative when you're using this adverb. But we have even more choice for informal intensifiers. We have slang words. So I'm going to teach you some English slang that people use. "Bare" means "very" and "nough" also means "very". You couldn't... You could write the... You could write this on Facebook or in chat or something, but you couldn't write it anywhere formally. "And when my contact lens got stuck in my eye, I was bare stressed. You know that." Or: "I couldn't get it out. I was nough upset. I didn't know what to do." They mean... "Nough" I used it like "really" there. So you also have this option if you wish. And I don't know about in your country, but English people swear quite a lot. I don't really swear, I don't really like it. But here is swear words you can use. You probably know this one, I bet you know this one. But do you know this one? "Bloody" it's not a very strong swear word anymore. At the end of my story I said: "The bloody contact lens finally came out." You call something "bloody" if it's irritating or annoying. It used to be strong, it's not so bad now. And here are two other ones. I found that people say these ones when they don't like to say this one. They sound kind of like this one and they're a little bit more polite swear words. And they sound like this: "frigging" or "flipping". "My flipping contact lens got stuck in my eye."
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How to do a job interview on Skype - Tips for success How to do a job interview on Skype - Tips for success
4 years ago En
Are you preparing for a Skype job interview? This lesson is packed full of tips to make your interview a successful one! I share my years of experience working on Skype in order to answer all your questions, and eliminate any doubts you may have about your upcoming interview. I cover everything you need to know -- from avoiding technical issues to preparing so that you can give your best performance during the interview. Find out: Skype job interview best practices Who calls whom, and when? Best camera angle Advice for sound issues How to avoid any technical problems How a Skype interview is different from a face-to-face interview Best of luck for your Skype job interview! Wishing you success! Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-do-a-job-interview-on-skype/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is Skype job interviews. So I'm going to give you some tips and advice that I know about... I work on Skype, I'm always on Skype because that's how I teach on Skype so this is everything I know from my experience of working on Skype. And I can compare how it was at the beginning... All the time when there was like a technical problem and something went wrong, so I can share all that experience with you to make your Skype job interview go more smoothly. Not just the technical aspect, but some other things you need to consider for your Skype job interview. So let's start with the basics of having a job interview on Skype. The reason you're probably having a job interview on Skype in the first place is possibly because you're being interviewed for a job in a different country. So when it comes to that, there's something really, really important you need to consider and that's the time zone. Okay? Because you need to make sure that you're appoint-... At the time of your appointment, you're going to be there at the right time because it's really, really important to get that first impression right by being there when you say that you're going to be there. So you can easily find out online what time zone somebody is in in a different country. One thing I want to mention: if you're dealing with the UK, a lot of people assume that they know what time it is there. "Oh, they use GMT." Well, we do use GMT which means "Greenwich Mean Time", but the time... The time will change. In the summer, it goes forward and then we go into British Summer Time. So you need to watch out for that. Sometimes people just presume they know what time it is in the UK and actually get it wrong by one hour, so you need to check that out. Before your call, here's some just general good practice for you. Swap your Skype IDs before because if your appointment is at 2:00pm and then you suddenly realize: "Oh, I don't have the Skype ID. I better email them." This is all time consuming stuff, it's a time consuming waste of time. Swap your Skype ID. But if this is your Skype ID, I recommend you get a different one for your Skype job interviews; it's not going to look very professional. You will also want to confirm before your appointment whether this is going to be a webcam call. In my experience on Skype, it really depends. I often work with programmers, and software engineers, and animators and these... These generally guys, I've never actually had women doing those jobs, although I'm sure they're out there, I'm just saying I've never had a woman who does those jobs. These guys don't use webcam, they never use webcams. And I've asked them: "When you have job interviews, do you use webcams?" And they're like: "No, we don't." So it probably depends on what area you're hoping to work in. But in some industries, it's not necessarily expected to use the webcam. But a good idea will be to just confirm that before: will it be a webcam call? Because if it is a webcam call, you've got some extra considerations that you need to get right. So let's just imagine it is a webcam call. You need to think more about not just your presentation of yourself and how your face and your hair looks, you need to consider what's behind you. Okay? Because, generally, people will take a Skype call at home. So you need to consider what's in your background. Is it your bedroom? Do you want them to see your bedroom? Or do you maybe want to go to a different part of the house where the background is more neutral and not so personal? So you definitely don't want any mess in the background or any like strange objects in the background, or whatever because people notice on Skype.
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How to make someone feel better How to make someone feel better
4 years ago En
Are you a good friend? Being a good friend means helping your friends when they are feeling down. Speaking English is actually about communicating effectively -- knowing the right thing to say at the right time. In today's lesson, I teach you the best English expressions you can use to console a friend or reassure a member of your family. I also give you my advice on what not to say, so that you don't make them feel worse! I'm particularly interested in how we use language in social situations. If you are too, check out this lesson and become a better friend! http://www.engvid.com/how-to-make-someone-feel-better/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is saying the right thing when you've got a friend who's feeling down, your friend's got a problem. We're specifically talking about a friend who has lost a job, but you could use the same advice for a friend with a different problem; a friend with a breakup or some other emotional thing that's happened in their life. So the formal word for this is: "consoling", "to console" someone, but the more relaxed way could be: how to make somebody feel better about themselves or their problem. So what should you do in this situation? Well, a lot of the time, when people have a problem, they just want to talk to someone. Maybe they're not seeking advice. So what can you do? You can ask questions. So remember we're talking about somebody who's recently lost a job or is losing a job, we can ask them questions. We can say: "What are you going to do now?" Maybe your tone of voice wouldn't be really positive like that. It would be more like: "Oh, what are you going to do now?" It would be more soft. You could say... This is... This is an indirect question. "Have you thought about..?", "Have you thought about training again?" This is a way of... This is a suggestion. Or you could say: "Are you looking for another job?" So this way, your friend can just start talking and maybe that will help them in their difficult situation. Because, as a friend, you need to "be supportive", helping your friend out when they need help. You could "be a shoulder to cry on", that's an idiom for somebody who just... Who just needs someone to share their feelings with. If you're a shoulder to cry on when your friend needs you, that means that you're a good friend. And here's another expression: "A friend in need is a friend indeed." And it kind of has the opposite meaning to what you'd expect. My feeling is this means that you should be the kind of... Real friends are there for you when you really need them. If you're there for people when they need you, that means that you're a friend indeed. So if you are a friend... If you are a friend indeed, then you would ask your friend some questions to help them in their difficult situation. When your friend has a difficult situation, watch out that you don't give advice that they're not asking for because a lot of the time, people don't really want to hear your advice - that's the truth maybe. If you ask someone for advice, it's different. I've had a couple of times in my life where someone giving advice is that probably had the opposite effect from what they intended; the advice is not felt right or something I haven't liked about the advice, and then it can be... Then it can be a problem. So if you say to your friend who's just lost their job: "You should get down the job centre." The job centre is where you go if you haven't got... If you haven't got a job in England and you need some money and support from the government. If you said to your friend: "You should get down the job centre", they might not... They might not be... They might not want your advice right now. Another way you would give your friend advice is if you said: "If I were you", "If I were you, I'd go to my boss and say: 'Look, you're not going to fire me. All right? I dare you to fire me.'" Well, your friend might be like that, but this might not be something you want to do. Giving direct advice. What should you do if giving direct advice could be a little bit difficult, a little bit tricky? You could try making these indirect suggestions, a bit like this one. "Have you considered... Hmm, I'm sorry to hear that you lost your job. You must be feeling awful. Have you considered calling your colleagues that you used to work with to tell them that you're looking for a job now?" Or: "Have you thought about... Too bad you lost your job. Have you thought about becoming a movie star?" You could indirectly advise your friend to do that.
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Confusing Words - Me, Myself, I Confusing Words - Me, Myself, I
5 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com Confused about when to use 'me', 'myself', or 'I'? Is it "my friend and me" or "my friend and I"? Let me help you! English native speakers often make grammatical mistakes with these words, and it can be a challenge to master for non-native speakers. People are very insecure about using the structure 'my friend and me', because it is associated with being uneducated. Put an end to your confusion once and for all! Watch this lesson, and learn exactly how and when to use 'me', 'myself', and 'I' in grammatically correct sentences. Then take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/confusing-words-me-myself-i/ TRANSCRIPT Hello. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is an aspect of grammar. When is it okay to say somebody's name and then followed by "and me" or "and I" or "and myself"? This is an aspect of grammar that native speakers get confused about. But more than just confused about, they avoid -- completely avoid sentences where they might say your friend's name "and me". They completely avoid it because in British English, at least, it does have this association with being common language, not being posh language. And people avoid it because they don't want to sound common. But actually, there's a lot of misunderstanding about it. Saying "and me" is really, really judged. But if you used it in a grammatically correct way, there's absolutely nothing wrong can saying "and me". In fact, sometimes people are wrong because they try to avoid it. So what you'll learn in this lesson, if you're a native speaker, you'll not be confused anymore, but if you're learning English as well, maybe you had a confusion about it, and you didn't really understand why it's different sometimes. So you'll learn, and you won't be confused anymore. So let's check what you already know. I've got some example sentences. Let's see if they're right. Let's see if they're wrong. "Me and Tom went skiing." How does that one sound to you? Did you think that one's right? This one is wrong. This one is wrong. We're going to look at why later. But this one is wrong. Second one. "Amjad and me played football." How is this one? This one is wrong. Slightly better than the first because it's considered more polite to put the other person before yourself. So it's slightly better in that respect, but still wrong. Next example. "My mum and I went for lunch." What do you think about that one? Is that one okay? This one's okay. What about this one? "I and Janet study French." How does that one feel? Well, actually, this one just sounds wrong. It should be swapped. If we say "Janet and I', it's okay, but no one would really say it like that. And this example -- more and more, people are saying "myself" because I think they're a bit -- I have to tell you something else. In British English, if you say "and I" all the time, it makes you sound quite grand and a little bit posh. And not everybody wants to use that language. Not everybody wants to feel like they're using elegant language. And for them, they don't like to say it. So it's being replaced a lot with "myself". Someone might say "my mum and myself". So here's an example. "Myself and Leo are going on holiday." How is this? Well, with "myself", you can put it first or you can put it second. You can change the position. It's okay. My feeling about "myself" is also that it's a little bit too formal just for everyday conversation. So I personally don't use it. I prefer the other two ways of saying it, either the name "and I" or "me", as we'll get to in a minute. So when we come back, we're going to look at the actual grammar. Why can we say it "and I" sometimes, or why can we say "and me" sometimes? Let's take a look at the grammatical reason why there's a difference and sometimes we say "and I", and sometimes we say "and me". Well, it all comes down to the position of the pronoun you're talking about. So if the sentence is correct, if "I" is in the subject position -- so I'm talking about grammar now. How do you know it's in the subject position? Well, you find the verb, the main verb. Here's the main verb. And if it's before the main verb, then, it's in the subject position. But if it's after the main verb, it's in the object position. So we have a name, and we have "I" -- "I" the pronoun. These are both in the subject position. So this one's correct. These are all correct here as examples, but we'll go through them all one by one.
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Business English: Mixing Business with Pleasure! Business English: Mixing Business with Pleasure!
5 years ago En
http://www.engvid.com Business isn't *all* business! In reality, business and pleasure mix. Are you prepared? Learn the best phrases to make social conversation with your associates. Equally important, find out which topics to avoid! You'll also learn how to eliminate awkward silences, and how to make your clients or colleagues comfortable when speaking with them. Many business decisions and deals are made outside the office or meeting room. Whether you're going for dinner with clients, or you're on a business trip, watch this lesson to learn how to be confident in social situations! Then take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/business-english-mixing-business-with-pleasure/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is mixing business with pleasure. So what does this mean? This can mean when you go for a business trip, you also have a little bit of fun while you're there. But it can also mean that when you go out with your clients, it's not all talk about work, work, work, business, business, business. You also get to know each other a bit, maybe have a few glasses of wine or something like that. I don't know what you do on your business trips. But it's not just about work. So I'm going to give you some conversational tips for your next business trip where you may decide to mix business with pleasure. So I've broken it down into different conversation topics. So we'll just go through those, and you will get some questions that you can ask to make yourself a dazzling conversationalist when you're next with your clients. So I was thinking: When do these kinds of business meetings happen? Often, they are in restaurants. So it could be the evening. It could be a lunch meeting. So anyway, you're in a dining situation. You get in the restaurant. What do you say? You can say, "Have you been here before?" Or you might say, "What an impressive/charming/fascinating place!" This one's an exclamation. You're making an observation about the place. If it's impressive, I would imagine that it's quite a fine dining, expensive kind of place. If it's charming, it's original, and you've not really been somewhere like that before. If it's fascinating, what could that mean? Just maybe something unusual for you that you haven't experienced before. If you're the host, and you are taking your client to that place, maybe you want to say something about the place, and the reason why you decided to have your meeting there. You could say, "This is the best seafood restaurant in town." So you're trying to impress your client and show them that you're taking them to all the best places. So you could change seafood. It could be a Chinese restaurant --you know, whatever, wherever you're going. So imagine you are in the restaurant situation. A really common conversation for you to have is talking about food in general, your likes and dislikes, and also making comparisons between countries and cuisine styles from different countries. So here are some questions you might ask. You can say, "Do you like English food?" Well, the joke there is that people around the world say that they don't like English food and it's really bad. So I wouldn't be that hopeful for a very positive answer if you ask that question. When you're looking at the menu, especially if the menu is in a language that you don't understand, you could say, "Could you recommend something?" Often it's quite polite -- at least in British culture -- to let the host decide what you're eating. So you might want to make that offer and say, "Can you recommend something?" You can also ask this to the waiter in the restaurant, as well, if you really don't know what to choose. And here's another general question you could ask about food. So let's imagine your client is from a different country and you don't know much about the food culture of that country, you could say, "What do Italian people like to eat for breakfast?"
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Grammar: 8 rules for using 'THE' in English Grammar: 8 rules for using 'THE' in English
5 years ago En Ru
http://www.engvid.com United States or The United States? U.K. or The U.K.? Unsure of when to use a definite or an indefinite article? Watch this lesson and stop making these common mistakes in English! For many non-native speakers of English who don't have articles in their own language, it can be really difficult to use articles correctly. Even for speakers of languages that have articles, it is difficult to get your use of articles right 100% of the time. This is because there are many exceptions and irregular grammar rules. In this lesson, I'll teach you what these exceptions are, so you can be sure to remove these common mistakes from your English. Even if you are an advanced speaker of English, I'm sure you will discover one or two rules that you didn't know about. Watch the lesson, then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/grammar-8-rules-the/ TRANSCRIPT http://www.engvid.com United States or The United States? U.K. or The U.K.? Unsure of when to use a definite or an indefinite article? Watch this lesson and stop making these common mistakes in English! For many non-native speakers of English who don't have articles in their own language, it can be really difficult to use articles correctly. Even for speakers of languages that have articles, it is difficult to get your use of articles right 100% of the time. This is because there are many exceptions and irregular grammar rules. In this lesson, I'll teach you what these exceptions are, so you can be sure to remove these common mistakes from your English. Even if you are an advanced speaker of English, I'm sure you will discover one or two rules that you didn't know about. Watch the lesson, then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/grammar-8-rules-the/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. In this lesson today, we're looking at the rules for articles, but more specifically, the rules where we have exceptions in using articles. So when I'm observing people's English, all the time I'm hearing the same mistakes with articles. So what you will learn to do in this lesson is how to avoid those really, really common mistakes I hear all the time. If you're somebody who just doesn't use articles at all because in your native language, you don't have articles, I understand it can be really, really hard to start using them. But they are an important aspect of grammar, and you should be using them. So if you watch this lesson, you'll get some tips for using articles, where you need them, and where you shouldn't use them. And also, if you're someone who's getting articles right nearly all the time, I'm quite sure that you will pick up one or two rules here that you didn't know before. So let's get started. There are eight different rules. Rule No. 1: When we're talking about countries, most countries we don't use an article. So here some sentences. "She lives in England. They live in America." We don't use articles. But if the country's considered to be a nation state, a collection of different states, or a collection of different countries in one bigger state, then we use articles. Here are examples. So "the U.S.A., the U.K., the U.A.E." -- where I spend a lot of my time -- and here are -- also, we need to mention islands. When a country is a group of islands, we always use articles. So we would say "the Virgin Islands", and we'd say "the Philippines" as well. It's interesting that we can say, "She lives in England" because England is one country, but when talking about the same -- okay, it's not exactly the same place, the U.K., because it's -- the U.K. is more than one country. It's more than just England. But sometimes people think of it as being the same place. It's not. When we're talking about the U.K., we need an article, but just for "England", it's okay not to use an article. Let's take a look at rule No. 2. Rule No. 2 -- this is a really subtle rule, here. And this one I always correct in sentences. When people talk about meals -- breakfast, lunch, dinner, also brunch is a meal you might not know. It's in between breakfast and lunch. -- we don't use articles. So here's a correct sentence. "I don't eat breakfast." I'm talking in general there. "I don't eat breakfast." That's okay to say. However, if I'm being specific, "We didn't like the dinner", it's okay to use an article here. You need to. So what does the sentence actually mean? Imagine that we were out last night, and we had a meal. And now, we're talking about it. "Well, the place was nice, but I didn't like the dinner." Being specific about that experience we had. If I'm talking in general, "I don't like dinner", that would just mean all the time, okay? So it's a very big difference in meaning. Now, we'll look at rule No. 3 for jobs. Jobs take the indefinite article. That's a grammar word. And "indefinite article" means "a". We don't use "the".
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