English Lessons with Adam - Learn English [engVid]
Do you love English? Me too. That's why we're here—because English is a key to the world. Join me and others from around the world as we practice our English skills and get to know each other. I have taught, coached, and edited for hundreds of non-native English users for 14 years, in four countries. Let me put this experience to work for you; subscribe to my channel and don't forget to comment on engvid.com These days, I'm back home in Toronto, Canada. I concentrate on helping people prepare for tests such as the IELTS, TOEFL, and SAT. Test takers can learn to write at writetotop.com, my site dedicated to guiding you to your target score. I also edit and proofread documents, websites, and university applications on editorproof.com. As you might have guessed by now, I live and love the English language. And, yes, I know English can be difficult; but it is also beautiful, and it can give you so much pleasure. Come, try it out. You'll be glad you did.

143 videos
Improve your Vocabulary: 29 ways to express anger in English Improve your Vocabulary: 29 ways to express anger in English
7 months ago En
If your friend is “ticked off” with you, you’ve probably done something pretty bad. In this video, you will learn vocabulary to express anger in different ways. You can be direct and forceful, or you can be diplomatic and polite. In this English class, we will look at words such as “furious”, “livid”, “mad”, “disappointed”, and others. You will learn what it means to “have a fit”, “to blow up”. “to go ballistic”, and “to throw a tantrum”. So if you got up on the wrong side of the bed, turn your day around by learning some useful vocabulary and expressions in English that will help you express yourself more clearly. After watching, cure your grumpiness by taking the quiz. https://www.engvid.com/29-ways-to-express-anger-in-english/
How to write a PERSONAL STATEMENT for university or college How to write a PERSONAL STATEMENT for university or college
8 months ago En
Everything you need to know to write a personal statement. Are you applying to university or college? You will need to submit documents to tell the admissions committee more about yourself. One such document is the “Personal Statement”. Students spend weeks or months working on their statement, but many make a fundamental mistake: they don’t make it personal. In this video, we will go over the six essential steps of constructing a winning personal statement that will help you get into the school of your choice. I will teach you how to plan and structure your personal statement, how to research for it, and how to edit it. Writing your statement will take you at least a week, so don’t start at the last minute! Did you understand the lesson? Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-a-personal-statement-university-college WATCH NEXT: Writing Skills: The Paragraph https://youtu.be/0IFDuhdB2Hk IELTS Writing Task 1 https://youtu.be/CK_PE9ILJjQ
Driving in English: Car & Road Vocabulary Driving in English: Car & Road Vocabulary
9 months ago En
Learn the names of the car parts and techniques you will be using while you drive. In this English vocabulary lesson, we will look at the words you need to drive safely, like “gas pedal”, “brake pedal”, “gear shifter”, “mirrors”, “park”, “reverse”, “neutral”, “back out”, “yield”, and more. You should make sure you know these words if you’re planning to rent a car or drive in an English-speaking country. I will also give you some safe driving tips so that you feel more confident behind the wheel when driving abroad. It is very important as a driver to know about all aspects of your car and how to operate and take care of it, as well as what to do and not to do on the road. So strap on your seatbelt, and don’t forget to check your blind spot! Watch the lesson, and do the quiz to solidify your knowledge. https://www.engvid.com/driving-in-english-car-road-vocabulary/
9 months ago En
Learn how to order a coffee in English! Like many North Americans, ordering a coffee at my favorite coffee shop is the best part of my day. Coffee culture has become an important part of people’s routines all over the world. But ordering a coffee is not as simple now as it used to be! In this lesson, we will discuss everything coffee: coffee types, roasts, tasting notes, coffeemaker parts, the size of the grinds, and coffee bean production. I will teach you the difference between an espresso, americano, latte, cappuccino, French press, percolator coffee, and more. Plus, I will explain how to order your coffee exactly the way you like it. So grab yourself a nice hot cup, and don’t forget to do the quiz after watching this lesson.
Parts of Speech: Verbs & Adverbs Parts of Speech: Verbs & Adverbs
10 months ago En
In this fundamental English grammar lesson, you will learn about verbs and adverbs. I will teach you about all the different types of verbs: be, active/passive, transitive/intransitive, state, linking/copula, modal, and auxiliary. I will also talk about the different kinds of adverbs, like adverbs of pace, strength, intensity, negation, expectancy, and more. If you haven’t heard of all of these before, don’t worry because there will be examples for all of them. There is something in this lesson for all learners, no matter their level. So whether you are a beginner or an advanced learner, watch the video. And after you’ve understood this video, make sure to also watch my video about nouns and adjectives: https://youtu.be/EZpSew68-eI Take the quiz on this video: https://www.engvid.com/parts-of-speech-verbs-adverbs/
Parts of Speech in English Grammar: NOUNS & ADJECTIVES Parts of Speech in English Grammar: NOUNS & ADJECTIVES
11 months ago En
The first step in building a strong understanding of English grammar is knowing all the parts of a sentence. In English, every word in a sentence has a specific role. In this lesson, we will look specifically at nouns and adjectives. I will explain what nouns and adjectives are for and how they are used in a sentence. Some nouns are not as obvious as others. For example, is “online” a noun or an adjective? Hint: it depends on the order of the words in the sentence! Whether you are a beginner or an advanced English learner, you will deepen your understanding of nouns and adjectives by watching this lesson. Test yourself by completing the quiz afterwards: https://www.engvid.com/parts-of-speech-english-grammar-nouns-adjectives/
SOCIAL MEDIA Vocabulary in English: 30 words to learn SOCIAL MEDIA Vocabulary in English: 30 words to learn
12 months ago En
Social media has taken over the world. With billions of people online and many of them using English to communicate, it’s useful to know the common words used to discuss social media. In this lesson, we will look at vocabulary like “troll”, “hashtag”, “meme”, “flash mob”, “streaming media”, “blog”, “vlog”, “clickbait”, and many others. Whether you are just getting familiar with the Internet or are a rising YouTube star, you will need these words to navigate the world of social media on the internet. After watching, there will be a quiz to test your understanding at https://www.engvid.com/social-media-vocabulary-in-english/. And don’t forget to follow us on Twitter (https://twitter.com/engVid), Facebook (https://facebook.com/learn.english.free), and YouTube.
English Vocabulary: Learn 15 words with the prefix OVER- English Vocabulary: Learn 15 words with the prefix OVER-
2 years ago En
Adding a prefix to a word changes its meaning entirely. A prefix is a short word that is attached at the front of another word. You may have watched my lesson on the prefix UNDER- : https://youtu.be/phEwlgjVUWQ But what about its opposite, the prefix OVER-? When you add OVER- at the beginning of a word, it means too much or more than enough. In this lesson, we will look at words beginning with the prefix OVER-, such as “overestimate”, “overhaul”, “override”, “overachieve”, “overkill”, “overrule”, and more. Do not overlook this vocabulary lesson, as you will find yourself using these words over and over again. Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-prefix-over/
English Vocabulary: Words with the prefix UNDER- English Vocabulary: Words with the prefix UNDER-
2 years ago En
A prefix is a short word that is attached at the front of another word to form a new word. The prefix “under” means less, lower, not enough, beneath, or below. So when you attach it to some words, it will change their meanings. For example, “underground” means beneath the ground. “Underdeveloped” means not developed enough. In this lesson, we will build our vocabulary base with words that start with the prefix “under”. We will look at words like “undertake”, “understudy”, “undergo”, “underachieve”, “understate”, and more. Do not underestimate the importance of learning new vocabulary! Vocabulary underlies good communication skills in any language. Don’t forget to do the quiz after watching to test your understanding. https://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-prefix-under/
How & when to use LESS, FEWER, LESSER, and LEAST in English How & when to use LESS, FEWER, LESSER, and LEAST in English
2 years ago En
Do you want to make less mistakes in English? Or should I say “fewer mistakes”? A common grammar mistake is to use “less” instead of “fewer” in these kinds of sentences. Another common mistake is to misuse the words “less” and “lower”. In this lesson, we will look at the main differences in the uses and meanings of “less”, “fewer”, and “lower”. I will also teach you how to use the adjectives “lesser” and “least”, as well as the verb “lessen”. Even native English speakers get these words confused sometimes, but after watching, you will know exactly which one to use and when! And if you are doing the IELTS soon, this will help you with Task 1. You will get a chance to practice by doing a quiz afterwards at https://www.engvid.com/less-fewer-lesser-least/
17 English PHRASAL VERBS for School 17 English PHRASAL VERBS for School
2 years ago En
If you are or have ever been a student, you know just how much there is to do in a day. You need to “sign up” for classes on time, “read up” on the course material, “speak up” in class, “turn in” your essays for grading, and so much more. This lesson will help you understand these English phrasal verbs and many more. I will teach you 17 phrasal verbs that are useful in classroom situations and at school in general. You will learn English expressions like “hand in”, “sign up”, “catch up”, “read up on”, “go through”, “turn in”, “speak up”, and more. Watch the lesson, and don’t drop out before doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/17-english-phrasal-verbs-for-school/
10 English Idioms from Health & Medicine 10 English Idioms from Health & Medicine
2 years ago En
Do idioms make you “break out in a cold sweat”? Then this lesson is “just what the doctor ordered”. That means that this lesson is perfect for you! Today, we will look at idioms from the world of health and medicine. I will teach you ten idioms that seem like they have something to do with health but that mean something quite different. Most of them allow you to express how you feel emotionally or physically. We will cover expressions like “rub salt in the wound”, “get a dose of your own medicine”, “scratch that itch”, “bitter pill to swallow”, and more. These are useful idioms that native English speakers use regularly. So watch the video, and do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-health-medicine/ to test your understanding! TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video, I'm going to give you a few idioms from the health and medicine world. Now, of course, you know idioms are collection of words that may or may not mean exactly what the words suggest. So, these idioms can be literal, means... meaning they mean what they say, or they can mean something completely different. So, let's look at a few of these. "To give someone or to give something a black eye". Now, if you punch somebody right in the face... right in the eye, it will get all black and maybe close a little bit. We call this "a black eye". It's like a big bruise. This is a good word to know. A "bruise" is, like, when something goes black; or if you go hit here and it gets all blue and black - that's a bruise. So, that's a black eye. But "to give someone a black eye" can also mean to hurt someone's reputation. Okay? Or a thing, like a company or a network. So, for example, a reporter misrepresented a certain story, and it turned out that this story was false, and so he... this reporter gave the network or gave the news channel a black eye, which means that their reputation is a little bit questionable; now people maybe don't trust this news network anymore. It could happen with a company, a government office, anything. If you do it to a person, you give someone a black eye means you hurt his or her reputation. Good. "A bitter pill to swallow". So, a pill is like a little thing... when you're sick, you take a pill, you swallow it and it's... it usually doesn't taste good. If you don't take it with water and drink it quickly, it's very bitter. But we also use this idiom to mean that something is very difficult to accept. Okay? So, let's say I run a big company and I have to... it's a family company and I have a lot of staff, and I like all my staff and they like me, but the company is not doing very well financially, so I have to lay off; I have to fire a bunch of people, and that is a very bitter pill to swallow. I don't want to do it, but I have to. And they don't want to have to go, but they have to. Right? So it's a bitter pill to swallow. A more common example... let me give you another one: I work as an editor and sometimes people bring me their writing, and some people are just not very good writers, and so I have to tell them they're not very good writers, and that's a very bitter pill for them to swallow; they have a very difficult time accepting it. Okay? That's one example. "Break out in a cold sweat". So, when you have a fever; when your temperature is too high inside, you're sweating - it means water is coming out of you, but you're cold at the same time. So, that's a "cold sweat". But we also use this idiom when we're afraid of something or we're very nervous about something. So, I was walking with my girlfriend down the street, and then I saw my other girlfriend coming the other direction. And suddenly I broke out in a cold sweat. And my girlfriend said: "What's wrong?" and I said: "Nothing." But she could see that it's a cold sweat - it means I'm afraid of something, and then she figured out what happened and I got into trouble. Just example. Okay? "A taste" or "a dose of one's own medicine". So, the more common one is "taste", but sometimes you'll hear "dose". A "dose" is basically a portion, but we use it for a sickness. So: "a taste of one's own medicine"... when you take medicine, you take a dosage. This is the other way you might see it. The amount that you have to take of the medicine. But as an idiom, what we talk about is when you do something, and it's usually something negative, to somebody or to other people, and then suddenly that same thing is done to you - then that means you're getting a taste of your own medicine. So, if I say some bad things about this person, and I spread it around and I tell everybody: "Oh, yeah, this person did this or that", and everybody thinks: "Okay, whatever." And then somebody says it about me - everybody understands that I got a dose of my own medicine. I shouldn't be talking about other people, because I don't like it when it happens to me; when somebody says something about me. […]
Vocabulary: 7 English words that can be suffixes Vocabulary: 7 English words that can be suffixes
2 years ago En
Suffixes are additions to words that change the original word’s meaning or function. In this lesson, we will look at seven suffixes that are also words on their own, such as “like”, “phobia”, and “ware”. For example, the word “hood” means a head covering that is attached to a jacket. But did you know that if you add it at the end of “child”, the meaning of “child” and “hood” change completely? Suffixes can help you be more precise in your language, which is why they are perfect for you to use in your IELTS and TOEFL tests. Add some variety to your writing with this new and more advanced vocabulary. Take the quiz on this lesson here: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-7-english-words-suffixes/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is going to be a bit of a mix of grammar, and vocab, and writing - all of the skills you need together because we're going to be looking at suffixes; and more specifically, we're going to be looking at seven words that can also be used as a suffix. Now, first of all, what is a "suffix"? A "suffix" is a piece of something that you add to the end of a word. It's a word ending. Right? Now, most of you might be familiar, for example, with if I add "ly" to the end of an adjective, I can change it into an adverb; or if I add "ment" to the end of a word, I make it a noun. Now, these suffixes change words in terms of parts of speech. I change a verb to a noun or a noun to a verb, etc. What these do... what these specific suffixes do is they change the meaning of a word completely. Now, the reason it's important to know these and the reason I mentioned writing is because these are not used enough by writers; especially those of you taking tests, like IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, etc. - you need to have your vocabulary range. Right? That's one of the things they're scoring you on. You want to have nice words, but nice words don't have to be big words; they just have to be words that are not commonly used. And a lot of people do not use words that include these suffixes, and they're very useful words. Okay? So we're going to look at some of them. So, when I add "hood" to the end of a word, for example... now, the word "hood" by itself, if you have a hoodie, if you have a sweatshirt with a hood that goes over your head; or if you think about in your kitchen you have a... you have your stove, and above it you have a hood with a fan to take all the steam and oil, or whatever you're cooking - the smells. Your car, the front of your car, over your engine has a hood. So, think of a "hood" as covering everything. But as a suffix, it's basically the state, condition, or quality of something. So, now, for example, when I speak of "childhood", I'm talking about the whole time of being a child and everything that is included in that. So, "childhood" includes going to school and having friends, and playing outside, and having toys, and having... playing video games, and innocence. All of the ideas we think of: "What is a child?" are included in the childhood; so it's a period of time where you're a child. The opposite: "adulthood" - the time of being an adult; of having a job, and having a family, and responsibilities. Okay? A "neighbourhood" is the area where all the people are neighbours; where all the neighbours live together and share a small community. Okay? "Likelihood". "Likely" means probably will happen. The "likelihood" means the chance of something being likely; the chance of it being... or the condition of it being likely. So, the likelihood of this guy winning the presidency is very low. But turns out that the likelihood was not as low as everybody expected, for example. Right? Now, the reason I mentioned these: I've seen so many IELTS and TOEFL essays that do not use this word that should use this word. Right? People say: "Oh, the time that a person is a child... the time a person is a child", right? You have seven words when you could have said all of that with one word. If you can use one word, don't use seven words. Okay? So now we're talking about coherence and cohesion, which includes brevity. These suffixes give you a lot of range in terms of vocabulary. Learn how to use them properly. Lots of words like this. If you Google: "Words that end in 'hood'", you'll see a whole bunch of them. Okay? "Like". So, "like" has many meanings, but the one we're going to look at is similar to; so something is like something else. But I don't have to separate it into a whole sentence; I can use this as a suffix. I can talk about things, attitudes, behaviours, but you have to be a little bit careful. Okay? Now, if somebody is "childlike" means he is like a child. But what does that mean? It doesn't mean that he's small or whatever; it means he behaves like a child or he thinks like a child. So, we're not talking about physical; we're talking about mental or even personality-wise. And we're going to talk about "wise" in a second. […]
✈ TRAVEL ENGLISH: Vocabulary & expressions for your flight ✈️ ✈ TRAVEL ENGLISH: Vocabulary & expressions for your flight ✈️
2 years ago En
English is the language of travel. When you are travelling, you will need to use and understand particular English phrases in order to be safe and comfortable. Has a flight attendant ever needed to tell you to fasten your seatbelt or bring your seat to the upright position? Do you understand the long speech and the safety demonstration at the beginning of a flight? Learn everything you need to know for your next flight by watching this vocabulary lesson all about airplane travel. You will learn words like “belt”, “buckle”, “turbulence”, “lavatory”, “brace”, “impact”, “decompression”, “tray table”, and more. After this lesson, you will be able to understand the flight attendant’s instructions, feel safe, and enjoy your flight without any worries. Make sure you're ready by taking the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/travel-english-vocabulary-expressions-for-your-flight/ Next, watch some of my other travel English lessons: 1. How to go through customs at the airport: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PEvi3np6ncc&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=78 2. English for staying at a HOTEL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVtdM-76Mfg&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=24 3. Travel Vocabulary – Planning a Trip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VfG7A3ASblU&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=89&t=0s TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video, I want to talk to you about flight safety; but more specifically, I want to tell you about the things you're going to hear from the flight attendant on the plane - before you land, before you take off, etc. You know how they stand in front of all the seats; they stand in the aisle and they make that whole show? Like, everything's on video now, but they still stand there, they put the vest on, they put the tube - the oxygen, and they tell you where the... You know, the emergency exits are, and you have to pay attention to all of that. So, if you're not sure exactly what they're saying, I'm going to go over some of the vocabulary today that you're going to hear during that speech. Okay? We're going to start with: "Fasten your seatbelt." You're going to probably hear this quite a few time during the flight, because they want you to be safe, they want you to be in your seat with your seatbelt fastened. Now, "fastened" means closed; together tightly, securely. Right? So, how do you do that? You have your belt, which is actually the strap that goes around, the black part; and then you have the buckle - this is the metal part where you actually close it. The two pieces are the fittings. So, the one... One fitting goes into the other fitting, you hear a click, and then you know it's closed, and then you can lift the tab to open it. Okay? So that's what it means "to fasten your seatbelt". It means put it on, put it tight, be safe. Now, the reason you might hear it a few times is because your plane might go through some "turbulence". So, if you're not sure what that means, you know sometimes you're on the plane and everything's, you know, quiet and there's that hum of the engines, and then suddenly the plane starts shaking like this and you get all scared - not a big deal. "Turbulence" is just basically unsteady air movement. The air outside is not flowing in a stream, it's a little bit shaky, so the plane's a little bit shaky. It's perfectly safe; nothing to worry about. Okay? But... But just in case they have to make an emergency landing; they have to come down because something happened, maybe the engine blew up or there's fire on board, so they have to land and they want you to "evacuate" the plane. "To evacuate" means to leave a place that's dangerous to go to somewhere safe. Now, this is not only on airplanes; if there... If your building... If you live in a building or you work in a building and it's on fire, the police department will come and they will evacuate everybody; they will get everybody out and get them to a safe place. On a plane, that means it's getting away from the plane. Now, how do you evacuate? So, usually, because if they do an emergency landing, it's not at an airport so they don't have the stairs or they don't have the gangway. Sorry, I should have put this one on, here. The "gangway" is that... You know, that hall that when you come off the plane, you have that hall until you get into the building. So, they don't have that, they don't have stairs, so they're going to use an inflatable slide. Okay? "Inflatable" means that it can be filled up with air. So, that life vest that you're going to put on... If you land on water, you put on that yellow life vest - that's also inflatable; means it can be filled with air. You can inflate it. The verb: "to inflate" - to fill with air. So, they will have this big slide that's full of air, and you jump on it, you slide, you get off the plane, you run. […]
Learn REAL ENGLISH: Going to the hospital 😷 Learn REAL ENGLISH: Going to the hospital 😷
2 years ago En
Hopefully, you will never need to use the vocabulary you will learn in this lesson! However, accidents do happen, so it’s important to know what to expect when you go see a doctor. Whether it’s at a hospital emergency room or a walk-in clinic, the vocabulary you will learn in this lesson will help you get through the process more easily. I will teach you how to describe your symptoms to the nurse so that you can get the help you need. You will also learn medical terms, such as ‘diagnosis’, ‘IV’, ‘dressing’, ‘operating theatre’, and more. Take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/learn-real-english-going-to-the-hospital/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video, I'm going to talk to you about going to a hospital or a clinic in an English-speaking country. Now, hopefully, you will never need to know any of the words in this video because nothing will happen to you; but life is life, things do happen, sometimes accidents happen, sometimes things occur unexpectedly, so you may need to go to a hospital or a clinic. A hospital - big building, lots of doctors, lots of equipment. It has an emergency room or an emergency department. A clinic is more like a small doctor's office, and you can walk into... Go into a walk-in clinic, meaning you don't need an appointment. If you have something urgent and you need to speak to a doctor, then you can go here to take care of whatever it is. Now, this is all assuming that you are ambulatory. Now, all of you know "ambulance"; an ambulance carries you to the hospital. If you are ambulatory, it means you don't need an ambulance; you can go on your own two feet. You are mobile, you can stand, you can take yourself to the doctor. Okay? Now, I'm going to talk about this in two ways. First, I'm going to talk about the administrative aspect of going to the hospital, and then I'll talk about the medical aspect. Now, I'm assuming that if the situation is an emergency, someone will go with you. Now, it may be a friend of yours who's also not a native speaker, it may be a roommate, it may be a classmate from your English school. So, everybody should know this stuff; you may need to help somebody, somebody may need to help you. Again, hopefully not, but be prepared. So, you're going to go into the hospital or the walk-in clinic and you're going to check in. Just like you check in at a hotel, you check in at a hospital. You will go and deal with the admitting staff. "Admitting" means they take you in; they admit you, they do all the paperwork, they get you set up or your friend set up to be taken care of. You will fill out a lot of forms; name, information, maybe medical history if that's what they need to know. If there's a situation that you've had in the past, they need to know this. You will fill out all this information, and they will start to process you. Excuse me. They will process you, and you're ready to go or your friend will be ready to go. If you need an x-ray, they will schedule an x-ray to check if you have any broken bones anywhere in you. If you need something like an MRI or a CAT scan, where they do a full body diagnosis and look inside, that's not going to happen at the emergency room because there's always a line up for that. That's not emergency services; if you need it, they will schedule it for a week later-if you're lucky-a month later, etc. Now, it's very important, if you're going to travel overseas, that you have insurance. This is something that you pay for that, if anything happens, all your medical expenses are given back to you. But check your policy. Your policy is the insurance that you signed for; that you paid for. It has all the different rules, it has all the different conditions - make sure you understand these very clearly because it happens often that somebody comes to Canada, or to the US, or to another country, they need to go to the hospital and then they get a bill. The hospital says: "Okay, here. You owe us $5,000." Medical expenses can be very, very high, so you may have to pay upfront, meaning you have to pay at the hospital at the time for anything that they do to you. If you have to go to surgery, you may have to pay $50,000 or whatever the situation. So, be prepared to be able to pay upfront. Now, if you think: "Well, that's what insurance is for. Insurance will pay for all this stuff." Some policies, yes, will pay the hospital directly; some will not. Some will reimburse you. You will be reimbursed when you go home and fill out all the paperwork in your home country. So make sure you understand what's going on. If you get to the hospital and you don't have a credit card with you, you might be in some serious trouble; they might not let you leave the hospital until somebody comes and pays for you. Okay? So, this is all the administrative stuff. Now let's look at what actually happens, medically speaking; doctors, nurses, etc.[…]
10 English Idioms with Food 10 English Idioms with Food
2 years ago En
Although idioms are not everyone’s “cup of tea”, they give English a certain spice. In this lesson, we look at idioms from the world of food. We will go over idioms such as “bread and butter”, “butter someone up”, “the big cheese”, “spill the beans”, “the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree”, and others. I will explain what they mean and how to use them in context. You might have heard or seen some of these before in books, movies, and shows. Everyone loves food, so you are bound to love these food idioms. And if you don’t understand right away, don’t cry over spilled milk, because you’ll get a chance to practice by doing the quiz after watching. Talk about having your cake and eating it, too! Next, take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-with-food/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video, we're going to look at idioms from the world of food. So, all of these idioms have some sort of food in them. And just to review: What is an idiom? An idiom is an expression or a collection of words, the words of which don't necessarily mean the same as the expression as a whole. Okay? So, for example, we're going to talk about beans, but this idiom has nothing to do with beans. So I'm going to give you 10 idioms. Here are five, and we're going to look at another five in a few minutes. Okay? Let's start with: "Spill the beans". "To spill" means to drop, like, for example if you have a bag of beans and you tilt it, some of them will spill out. Okay? Or you have a glass, and you spill some water. So, what does: "Spill the beans" means? Mean? It means to tell a secret. Okay? To reveal a secret. So, some of you might know the idiom: "To let the cat out of the bag" - same idea. "To spill the beans" - to let out a secret. It could also mean to just basically reveal some details. So, I went out on a date last night, and then I come to work and all my co-workers-all my guy friends-they want to know what happened, so they say: "Come on. Spill the beans. How was last night? What did you do? What...?" etc., all these things. So, they want details. They want the secret and they want me to tell them. So, let out the secrets or the details. Now, if you're talking about "bread and butter". Now, everybody knows bread, you spread some butter on it - very delicious; you eat that. But as an idiom, what does it mean when we say: "Something is my bread and butter"? So, if I say: "Well, that's my bread and butter" means that's my major source. Right? So, if I'm a car dealer and I'm in a particular neighbourhood, the people who live in that neighbourhood are my bread and butter; they're the ones who come and give me the most business. So, it could be the major source of income or the major source of support. So, some politicians, they target specifically white working-class people, or they target immigrants, or they target any particular demographic group because that group is their bread and butter; it is their major source of their support, and in some cases, their income. Okay? "The big cheese". So, not: "What is the big cheese?" but: "Who is the big cheese?" The big cheese is the boss. Okay? So, there's a new decision, a new policy that's going to come into effect in the company, and I'm looking, and I'm going: "Whose idea was this? Was this?" And my co-worker says: "Oh, that's the big cheese. He wanted it, so it's got to be done." I say: "Well, that's stupid." Well, still. The big cheese wanted it - that's how it's going to be. So, the boss knows. Sometimes you might hear: "the head cheese", same idea. "The head cheese" means the boss or whoever's in charge at the place. Now: "The apple doesn't fall far from the tree." So, imagine a tree and it has apples, when the apple drops, it drops very close to the tree; not very far away from it. Right? Essentially, what this means is when we talk about a son and a father... A son and his father. So, if the apple doesn't fall far from the tree, we mean the son is very similar to his father. It could be in looks, but usually it's more about behaviour. And for some reason, we use it more about son and father than daughter and mother. So, when we... When somebody says: "Oh, the apple doesn't fall far from the tree" means that the son is doing the same things as his dad. Now, usually we talk about this in... Usually in negative things. So, when somebody does something bad and we say: "He's just like his dad"... We say: "Oh, the apple doesn't fall far from the tree." He did bad things, his son is doing bad things; they're very similar in that way. If you want to remember: An apple is the fruit of a tree; a child is technically the fruit of a couple of people. Right? Now, what does it mean "to bring home the bacon"? "Bacon", little strips of pork, you fry them and put them on your sandwich or whatever. "Bring home the bacon", it doesn't mean bring home pork. […]
Understand more in English: Expressions from pop culture Understand more in English: Expressions from pop culture
2 years ago En
Can’t understand native speakers? Sometimes the problem is not your level of English – it’s the topic that’s giving you trouble. In this lesson we look at cultural references you should become familiar with in order to understand native English speakers. I will teach you some common phrases and expressions including “catch-22”, “show me the money”, “off the rails”, “lifehacks”, “the ball’s in your court”, and more. More importantly, you’ll learn about the general areas of life that you need to learn more about in order to understand these types of casual references in English conversation. This is language you won’t learn from a textbook, but once you know it, you will significantly improve your comprehension, and you will feel a lot more comfortable talking with native English speakers. Test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/expressions-from-pop-culture/ Take your understanding of North American culture further by watching these videos next: 1. Vocabulary & slang that YouTube doesn't want you to know: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pv-ZkQEd-A&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=6 2. Common military vocabulary in everyday English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=437ExXEvYzc&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=44 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video I want to talk to you about how to improve your listening. Now, there're a few things I'm going to talk about. And, again, this is all from my own personal experience having taught for nearly 20 years. And I've taught people from all over the world, and there's one aspect of listening to English that I think is very troublesome for a lot of people. And it doesn't really even have to do much with English itself; not with the language. Okay? It has to do with culture. Now, a lot of people who are studying English are using textbooks; they're only studying from textbooks to improve their listening and improve their vocabulary, their grammar, etc. The problem with textbooks is that they are very limited in terms of the exposure you're getting to the language. Now, "exposure" means what you're basically coming in contact with; what you're seeing, what you're hearing, what you're reading. So, if you're only looking at textbooks, you're getting very simple English, even if you're doing high-level... Like, advanced-level textbooks, they're still very focus on very specific contexts that they want you to study. And another thing they're not doing is they're not putting a lot of informal language into these books. Okay? So, now, that's why we're going to look at culture. Now, the thing to remember about language, and again, this is not only English; this is... This is any language that you might want to study. Language is a living thing. It evolves. Okay? Language evolves - means it changes over time. But it has a memory. Okay? And this is the problem because you have to keep up with the new language, plus you have to understand the references to the old language or to the old points of reference. Okay? And that's what we're talking about, here: Lack of reference. So, you might be watching a movie or even a TV show, or you're speaking to some people in... Local people in the place where you're speaking English, and they might say something. They may say a joke, for example, or they may talk about a situation, like politics or anything like that, and they're making a reference to something. Now, you heard it correctly, you heard the words, but you have no idea what they're talking about. Okay? And the problem, here, again: It's not the language; it's the fact that the thing that they referred to, you just don't know what that... What they're talking about. Okay? So, for example: Sports, literature, movies - these are major points of reference for a lot of people. Okay? And think about, again, where you're going to be studying... Where you're going to be speaking English. If you're planning to go to the US and you're studying American English, but then you come to the States and you have no idea what anybody's talking about half the time - again, some of it is just the language, but a lot of it is the cultural references. So, let's talk about sports as an example. Americans love sports, and sports is such a big part of everyday life in the US that a lot of the language from sports makes its way into everyday speech. Okay? So, if somebody says: "Okay, well, the ball's in your court." They're talking about a situation: "I've done everything I can." Like, my friend and... My friend and his girlfriend had a fight. And he apologized and he bought her some flowers, and he did everything he could. Now the ball's in her court. And you're thinking there, like: "Ball? Like, what does 'ball' have to do with anything? What does 'court' have to do with a girlfriend/boyfriend fight?" What this means: "The ball is in your court"... So, think about basketball. You have a basketball court. […]
10 Phrasal Verbs for Academic Writing in English 10 Phrasal Verbs for Academic Writing in English
2 years ago En
Phrasal verbs are a part of everyday English language. But they can and should be used in academic writing as well, such as in essays, and reports. The key is to use more formal phrasal verbs, like “do without”, “account for”, “follow through”, “carry out”, “look into”, and others. In this lesson, we will look at some formal phrasal verbs to give your academic writing a touch of style. This lesson will help you become a confident writer, and as a result, you will appear to be more experienced to your reader. And if you are taking the IELTS or the TOEFL, then these will be certainly help you get a better score in the writing section of those exams. After the lesson, take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/10-phrasal-verbs-for-academic-writing-in-english/ Take your writing to the next level by watching more writing lessons: 1. Misplaced Modifiers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qu5pvwL9u4Q&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=99 2. Advanced Transitions for English Writing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vWQk67meYUA&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=13 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I want to talk to you about academic writing. So this is especially for those of you who will be taking the IELTS or TOEFL, or any English exam where you have to write an essay. Okay? Now, before I get into this, a lot of you have been told by teachers, by classmates, by whoever that you should not use phrasal verbs in your academic writing, in your essays, because you think that they are too informal. Well, what I want to tell you today is that not only can you use phrasal verbs, you should use phrasal verbs in your writing. Phrasal verbs are part of the English language. We use them in everyday situations, as well in very formal situations; in academics, in business, etc. So what I have here, I have a few phrasal verbs to show you that are very common, but are very useful for academic writing. And some of them are a little bit more rare, but if you can use them properly in your essays, your scores should go up; you'll actually impress the graders a little bit. But, again, if you're using them correctly. Okay? So just before we begin, what is a "phrasal verb"? You have a verb in conjunction with a preposition; and together, the two words have a slightly different meaning or slightly different meanings - most of them have more than one. So, today we're going to look at: "account for", "take into account" or "take into consideration", but the actual phrasal is: "take into". Okay? With something else. "Carry out"; "look into" or "find out" - these are kind of synonyms, you can use them one or the other. "Cut down" or "cut back on" - these are also generally synonymous; you can use them in certain... In same situations; slightly different usage. And... Just so you know, "cut back" can also become a noun: "cutback" or "cutbacks". "Do without", "follow through", "frown upon" which is a little bit one of the rare ones, "resort to" which should be used more but people don't use it enough, "rule out", and "put off". Okay? So, let's go through each one separately. "Account for". "To account for something" means to consider it; to make it part of your thought process when you're thinking about something, especially making a plan or maybe making a budget, etc. And basically it means the same thing as: "Take into account". Now, you have "account" and "account". This is a noun; this is a verb. So, be very careful not to mix the two expressions up somehow. So, "account for", and it's also part of your calculations. That's why we have "account", like accountant does. "Take into consideration" and "account" - same idea. When you're making a plan or you're thinking about something, don't forget to include whatever it is... Whatever the topic is into that thinking process. Right? So, if you're creating a budget... Let's say you have limited money, and you have to make yourself a budget for each month. So, make your budget for, like, school, work, going out, food, rent, etc. but don't forget to take into account or don't forget to account for emergencies or surprise expenses; things that you weren't planning for that inevitably happen. So: "Account for surprises in your budget calculations." Okay? Put a little bit extra money aside. Now: "carry out". "Carry out" essentially means do. Okay? But we use it with specific collocations. And "collocations" are groupings of words that generally go together to create a particular expression. So, for example, you would carry out an experiment. You don't do an experiment; you carry out an experiment. Okay? So, it means do or make happen. So, for example, you have plans, you create plans for the weekend, and then the weekend comes and now it's time to carry out those plans; make them happen, do them. Okay? "Look into" or "find out" is essentially the same meaning. […]
Learn English Grammar: When to use an ‘-ING’ word after ‘TO’ Learn English Grammar: When to use an ‘-ING’ word after ‘TO’
2 years ago En
Do we always use a verb after ‘to’? The answer is NO! In this English grammar lesson, I will teach you how ‘to’ can be followed by a noun, a preposition, an adjective, an adjective participle, and more. We will look at this grammatical structure in several sentences that serve different purposes. For example, we can express anticipation by saying “I look forward to meeting with you next week.” We can express a preference by saying “I prefer jogging to running.” Or we can express an obligation by saying “I need to get around to finishing my essay.” Watch the video for these and lots more useful ways to use ‘to’ plus an ‘-ing’ word ending. Then take a quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-ing-after-to/ Next, watch these important grammar lessons: 1. THE CAUSATIVE in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0YOITIDdKY&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=94 2. How to use IF & WHETHER properly: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Klnroe1UBRs&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=65 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a bit of a grammar lesson; a specific point I'm going to look at. And this is "to" followed by an "ing" word or an "ing" verb, it looks like. Right? And for some people this is very confusing because they automatically see "to", and they think it should be followed by a verb. Okay? Now, the one thing that a lot of people forget is that "to" can be a preposition, and that is what you're going to be looking at when you're looking at "to" with an "ing". But there are also some things you have to remember. You have to keep in mind that there are certain collocations. A "collocation" is basically a set of words-a pair, or three, or four words-that just generally go together to have a particular meaning. Right? So, for example: "look forward to" - these three words generally go together, and they're going to be followed by an "ing". "I look forward to meeting you." Now, where people get confused is they see a verb, and then they see the "to", and they're automatically thinking of another verb. But, here, this "to" is not part of the infinitive. There's two uses for "to": Preposition, and the infinitive "to". Right? Part of the infinitive verb. What you have to remember is that preposition. "Admit to"... "Admit"... "The student admitted to cheating on the test." So: "Admitted to", what? Remember: The preposition needs an object, and that's what you're going to be answering when you answer the question: "What?" And objects in this particular case are going to be nouns or they're going to be gerunds. They can also be active participle adjectives, but I'll talk about that in a second. "Admit to cheating", "Object to being filmed", for example. So, somebody... I'm a politician and I see a camera coming, and I say: "No, sorry. I object to being filmed. You can ask me questions, but don't film me", basically. "Get around to" means you will do something. Okay? So: "I'll get around to handing in the proposal later today." Okay? So, basically what you have to do is just remember these collocations. Where it gets a little bit trickier is when you have adjectives. But before that, "prefer" I forgot to mention. -"I prefer jogging to swimming." -"Do you like jogging?" -"Well, I prefer it to swimming." Right? So it doesn't have to be an "ing"; it can be "it" mentioned before, and then "to", "ing". But this is a comparative "to", preposition. And, again: "to", what? "To" the noun or gerund. So, this is a gerund. It's not a verb, and that's why you can... It can follow "to". Okay? Now, let's look at a little... Something a little bit trickier, and I'll show you a general rule on how you can recognize whether to use "to" as a preposition or a verb. Now we're going to look at something a little bit different. Okay? We're going to look at adjective participles. Now, "participles" are basically verbs that are used as adjectives. They can be, like, "ed" or irregular verb, and they can be "ing" verbs; passive and active - that's, you know, a different lesson on participles. But you have to also pay attention to how they're being used in the sentence. Let's look at an example: "The company is committed to providing top-quality customer care." So, here, we have a verb: "commit", and we have: "is committed to". But, here, we're not actually looking at it as a passive verb; we're looking at it as more like an adjective. "The company is committed", right? So, this is telling you about the company. It's like a subject complement; it's acting like an adjective. And, here, this is a complement. So, basically what does this mean? You have to look and see: What is your independent clause first? Right? And you should know independent clauses by now; and if you don't, I have a video on that as well. So, here: "The company is committed". This is a complete sentence: "The company is committed." To what? I don't know yet. […]
Improve Your English Vocabulary: Diet, Health, and Nutrition Improve Your English Vocabulary: Diet, Health, and Nutrition
2 years ago En
Essential vocabulary about nutrition and health in English. Are you planning to start a diet? Looking to gain or lose weight? In this lesson, we will cover a wide variety of words, including ‘ingest’, ‘digest’, ‘arteries’, ‘carbohydrate’, ‘fat’, ‘fiber’, ‘sodium’, ‘metabolism’, and more. I will teach you which nutrients are good for your body (such as proteins) and which ones are bad (like trans fats), and I’ll explain exactly what calories are. Plus, you will discover how the body breaks down food into energy. The vocabulary you will learn is very useful because it ties into so many other subjects, like anatomy, biology, and fitness. Now, watch these other healthy vocabulary lessons I've done: 1. Vocabulary of your body & organs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNk73qAY01I&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=5 2. Medical vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IW22_OnpS5Y&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=72 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video, we're going to talk about: nutrition. So, we're going to get a little introduction into how to maintain a proper diet, what you're eating, what you should eat, what you shouldn't eat, how much you should eat, etc. And we're going to especially look at the different types of nutrients that you should put into your body if you want to grow, if you want to maintain, if you want to lose weight, etc. So, we're going to start with the basic process. Okay? Eating, drinking, all these things. We're going to look at these two verbs: "ingest" and "digest". Okay? So, when we're talking about nutrition, we're talking about what you're taking into your body. So, when you ingest something, when you ingest nutrients, you are swallowing them or absorbing them. So, "swallow" basically means chew and swallow. Right? So, "chew" is break down the food in your mouth, and then you swallow it; you take it in and push it down into your stomach. You can also absorb nutrients. For example, we absorb vitamin D from the sun through our skin. Okay? So, you can absorb or swallow - means you're ingesting your nutrients. In your stomach, your stomach produces juices-they're mostly acids-that break down the food and separate it into its different components that can then be absorbed in the intestines. So, the intestines are the long tubes that go back and forth from your stomach until the waste comes out, and inside all the good nutrients get absorbed into the blood, and pushed around to all the parts of the body that need them. So, let's look specifically at the nutrients that you're going to need. Now, first thing you need to know about nutrients are... Is that they are not synthesized naturally by the body. So, the body produces a lot of the things it needs, but some things it just can't synthesize; it can't put together to create a new nutrient. So, these nutrients need to be ingested; they need to be put into your body, basically. Right? And we have: Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. And these are considered essential. You can live without carbohydrates, but you can't live without these nutrients. Okay? So, what are these? So, "carbohydrates"-we call them "carbs" for short-these are the nutrients that provide your body energy, especially for your brain. Okay? They come from fruits and vegetables, grains... So, for example, bread, which comes from wheat or whatever other kind of grain, has a lot of carbohydrates. Comes from sugars, and starches, like rice, etc. So, all of these give your body a lot of energy. Now, you also get energy from the other minerals... From the other nutrients as well, but carbohydrates are a very good source. The problem is they can also lead to weight gain, if you don't control the intake. Okay? We can also say: "intake of nutrients". Basically means take in; intake. Okay? So, carbohydrates. Then we have proteins. "Proteins" are the nutrients that help create and build tissues and muscles in your body. So, when a child is growing and getting bigger, it's the proteins that help create that growth. It's good for bones, and muscles, and tissues, etc. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, and there are many different types of amino acids. And these days you can take pills specifically with the amino acids that you want for specific things. So, nowadays, you see a lot of guys or girls - big, big muscles, and you think: "Oh, steroids." Right? Not necessarily; they could just be taking a lot of amino acids, and exercising a lot, and growing their muscles and looking much bigger. So, proteins are basically the building blocks. "Fats" are the nutrients that store energy. So, if you eat too many carbohydrates, the fats will store that energy as sugar, and that's why you get fat. That's why it's called... When a person is a little bit heavy, we sometimes say: "Fat". […]
6 UNCOMMON uses of COMMON English words 6 UNCOMMON uses of COMMON English words
2 years ago En
Sometimes, common English words can be used in ways that are unexpected. In this lesson, you’ll learn the meaning of expressions like “mum’s the word”, “down a drink”, “foot the bill”, and more. Each one of these expressions contains common words used in uncommon ways to form slang or informal expressions that you will frequently hear in everyday life, and in movies. After watching, own this lesson by getting 10 out of 10 on the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/6-uncommon-uses-of-common-english-words/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Adam. Welcome to www.engvid.com. In today's lesson, I want to talk to you about six words that all of you already know; they're very common, very easy words, but I'm going to show you the uncommon uses for these words. Now, the reason you want to know uncommon uses of words is: A) to sound more like a native speaker who will use these words regularly, and B) they will actually help you get a better vocabulary range; more variety to your speech, to your writing, and when you read you'll be able to understand these better. So, let's look at these. "Down". We're going to start with the word "down". Now, obviously everybody knows "down" is, you know, down there. Up, down. That's the preposition. Do you know that "down" can also be a verb? For example, you can down a drink, you can down a plane. Now, what does that mean? "Down a drink" basically means have a drink; finish the drink. If you have a glass of beer, you down it before you leave the bar. "Down a plane" means: "Pew" or-sorry-I should say like this. Shoot down the plane and bring it down to Earth. So, in Canada, for example, I live in Toronto and the hockey team here is... You know, it's starting to be a little bit better now. But if I want to go watch a hockey game, the drinks and the food at the... at the arena are very, very expensive. So what a lot of people do - we go to a bar, we down a few beers at the bar, and then we head to the arena and maybe have one beer over there. Don't drink if you're not into drinking; if you're underage, you didn't hear any of that. Plane. Now, in a lot of countries, you know, there's wars and stuff like that, and in some countries, there... the rebels or the local army is a little bit underequipped, and for them a big victory is gotten simply by downing an enemy airplane. So if they're able to down a plane from the enemy, they're very happy about it, even though it doesn't really help that much. So, "down", bring down, or take down a drink. "Foot". Now, the foot, you know the two things at the bottom of your body, here. Most people know them as a noun; the two things there, but we can also use "foot" as a verb. "To foot the bill", or "to foot the cost", or "to foot the expenses" means pay for or cover the expenses of something. So, if I go away on a business trip, I expect that my company will foot the expenses; hotel, flight, food, etc. "Foot it". "To foot" basically means to walk. So, if you're driving around and you... Your car breaks down and you're in the middle of nowhere, and there's nobody to call and there's no, you know, a bus, or a taxi, or anything - you're basically going to have to foot it to the next town to call a tow truck to go get your car. "To foot it" - to walk. "Break". Now, "break" actually has many meanings. You know "break", like break the glass, break... Break something. Anyways, shattered in pieces. Or "to brake" means to slow down in the car. I want to talk to you about other ones. "To be broke". Now, notice that I'm using the past tense. I'm not using "break"; I'm using the past tense "broke", but here, this is an adjective. What does it mean "to be broke"? It basically means to have no money. You open... Pull out your pockets, and lint falls out. No money. So, Bill who's been out of... Out of work for, like, a year is broke and he can't go out to have a drink with us or to watch the hockey game because he's broke. Now, "to break the bank"... If something breaks the bank it means it's overly expensive. If you actually spend the money on it or if you invest in it, you will become broke. So, a lot of companies, they want to invest in innovative, new things for their company-equipment or technology-but they don't want this investment to break the bank; basically cost so much that the whole company falls apart. But at the same time, if you invest in something properly or not, the investment in that thing could make or break the company. "Make or break". "Make" means you will become very successful; "break" means you will fail miserably and fall apart. "Make or break", this is a common expression. Okay? It goes together. Something will make or break something else. Okay? So, a lot of you are thinking that you want to go to university. Keep in mind that you need high scores, you need a good letter, application letter, etc. But no one piece of the application will make or break you. Everything together will make the difference. […]
3 years ago En
Do you prefer your apple pie plain or a la mode? If you didn’t know that the second option includes ice cream, then this lesson is for you. French cooking vocabulary has become widely used in everyday English. Some of these words and expressions are even used in situations that have nothing to do with food. Some examples include “a la carte”, “piquant”, “du jour”, “savor”, and more. I’ll teach you these and many others in this vocabulary & common expression lesson all about the culinary delight that is French food. Test your vocabulary skills with the quiz! https://www.engvid.com/common-english-vocabulary-expressions-french-cooking/ NEXT, watch some more of my vocabulary lessons! 1. Vocabulary – Your body and organs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNk73qAY01I 2. Learn English words from foreign languages: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEGlGMLG1V4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video, I want to look at ten words and expressions from the French culinary world. Okay? These are French culinary words; means they're talking about cooking, and eating, etc. But the reason that I chose these ten is because they are very commonly used in everyday English, and not only to talk about food; they have very different contexts... excuse me. Very different contexts as well. So, we're going to look at "à la carte". Oh, and by the way, for the French speakers watching this video, if I butcher the language, I apologize in advance. Okay? "À la carte", "piquant", "prix fixe", "savour/savor". Now, we have with the "u" and without the "u", so British Canadian spelling, American spelling. "Menu", which a lot of you already know. "Du jour", "à la mode", "pièce de résistance", "café", and "cuisine". Okay? Now, we're going to go one by one, and I'll show you in what other contexts they can be used. Now, "à la carte" basically means according to the menu, but what it does is it allows you to order things individually as opposed to a set or a package. Okay? So, if you go to a restaurant, they have a meal plan, like a set meal; all these things are included. For example, you have appetizer, main course, dessert. You can also order other items on the menu individually and pay for them separately. So, whatever is in the menu... In the set, in the dinner set, for example, comes with it. If you want to add anything, you order it separately and pay for it on top of the meal set. But we also use this to talk about any package deal. Okay? So, for example, you go buy a smartphone, a mobile phone and the company offers you a full package with all the features that are available for this phone. Now, you don't need all... For example, if you don't need all these features, you can buy a basic plan and then choose your... The features you want à la carte. Okay? So, we don't only use it for food; we use it for any situation where you can pick individual features to... And pay for each one separately. Okay? "Piquant". "Piquant" means spicy, but not spicy like burn your head off; spicy in a good way, like, just enough of a sting on the tongue to make it enjoyable. Okay? So that's when we're talking about food. We can also use "piquant" to talk about a person. You could say: "The woman is dressed in a piquant way." Or somebody speaks with a little bit of a piquant attitude. Basically, he means with a little bit of attitude; a little bit risky, a little bit racy, but in a way that has a good effect. It's a bit charming, you could even say. It's piquant; it's not... It's not bland, it's not boring. It has a little bit of flavour, even though you're talking about a person or something a person says or does, etc. "Prix fixe", so again, let's go back to the restaurant. You go to a restaurant and they have a prix fixe - means they have a set price. It means fixed price and you pay this much... You pay $50 and these are all the things you get. Okay? You don't... You can't add anything; there's no à la carte menu. There's one set, one price - that's what you pay. Again, going back to the mobile phone, you can buy a package and it's a fixed price; you can't make any changes to it, no substitutions, no add-ons, no extra features, etc. Or you can just buy the à la carte items as you need them. Okay? "Savour". Now, "savour" basically means to really feel or really enjoy the flavour of something. Okay? And when you talk about "savour" as a noun, it has that special flavour that makes a dish really good. And many of you might know "savoury". Savoury or sweet. You can have, like, a savoury crepe or a sweet crepe. "Savoury" means more of the salty flavour. But when we savour something... We can savour anything. You can savour the sunset, you can savour a book, you can savour a good wine or food, and you can savour something. It means you take the time to really, really enjoy it, and appreciate everything that it has to offer. Okay? […]
Speaking English: How we use math vocabulary in everyday English Speaking English: How we use math vocabulary in everyday English
3 years ago En
In this lesson, you will learn to use expressions from math class that have become a part of everyday English. Don’t worry about being good at math, because these expressions are used in all sorts of different contexts. Did you know that a person can have an angle, just like a shape can? Or that something can grow exponentially? You’ll be surprised how many English phrases come from math. Test yourself by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-everyday-math-vocabulary/ . TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's lesson, we're going to look at some expressions that are used in everyday English, but they come from math. Okay? So, if you know some math terminology, you'll understand these a little bit easier. We also have... I have a video about math words, you can check that out as well, but let's start with some of these. "Plus" and "minus" or "pluses" and "minuses". Now, in math, we use: "One plus one equals", so "plus", there, is more like a verb, but it's more of an equation; it makes the equation move. Here, we're using them as nouns. Okay? So, that's a key feature you have to remember - they are nouns. And, basically, synonyms to "pluses" and "minuses" are "pros" and "cons". So, when you're looking at a situation, or an action, or an idea, you have to look at the good and the bad side; you have to look at the pros and the cons; you have to look at the pluses and the minuses; the advantages and disadvantages; the positives and the negatives. Okay? So, "plus" and "minuses" work the same way, so these give you a little bit of an extra synonym; an extra choice, especially in writing, but also in speaking. So, if we're looking at... We're looking at this person, this candidate's presidency, and we're trying to debate: "What are the good points? What are the bad points?" So, some of the pluses of his potential presidency are that he will help the economy. The one big minus, though, is that he's a racist and he might destroy harmony in society, for example. I'm not mentioning any names; I'll leave that to you, but we'll leave it at that as well. So, he has... There are several pluses to his potential presidency; there's one big minus that might outweigh all those pluses. Now, "exponential". "Exponential" comes from "exponent". Now, you might know this as, like... This is an exponent. But when we talk about "exponential", we're talking about it to a very large degree. Okay? To a large degree or to a large extent; something that is significant. Okay? We're talking about growth, so exponential growth; or the opposite, exponential decline; or an exponential spread. So, it means it's going to... Something is going to increase by many times, or decrease by many times, or spread very quickly. Now, when we say: "exponential", there's no number to it. We don't actually have this number, here; we're just saying that it's going to be very fast, very large, etc. So, after World War II, the economies of most western nations grew exponentially. In this case, I'm using the adverb. "Exponential" is an adjective; "exponentially" is an adverb. And most of the countries witnessed exponential growth. The use of the internet has spread exponentially around the globe - it means it spread very fast and all over the place. So, there's no number; just very quickly, very fast. Okay? "Parallel". Now, parallel lines are lines that run along the same path in the same direction, but never meet. Okay? So, we say: "It's in line with" or "on a similar path"; these are synonyms to "parallel". So, the FBI is conducting an investigation into the event, but the local police department, although they're going to cooperate with the FBI, are going to run a parallel investigation on their own. So they're going to help the FBI, but they're also going to have their own investigation that's going to go along the same path; a parallel investigation, meaning in the same direction. "A fraction of". So, a "fraction" is, for example, number over a number - that's a fraction. When we say: "A fraction of", we're saying a small amount of or a partial amount. So, if you're looking at two companies who create software, let's say... So, this company creates very good software, but my company creates equally good software, but at a fraction of the cost; means much cheaper, much lower. Right? A smaller or a partial. So, they charge 1000 bucks; I charge only 600. It's a partial; it's a fraction of their price; much, much lower. Okay? So, so far we have four. Let's look at four more. Okay, let's look at a few more. Now, "angle". So, if you're talking about lines or triangles especially, this is the angle. For example: This is a 90-degree angle. But when we talk about "angle" in everyday life, we're talking about perspective; the way we view something. […]
IELTS Speaking: Improve your fluency with the LASAGNA METHOD IELTS Speaking: Improve your fluency with the LASAGNA METHOD
3 years ago En
Get confident in your speaking skills for the IELTS. To sound fluent, you must be prepared. And the recipe for success lies in my "Lasagna Method". This lesson will focus specifically on the Speaking Task of the IELTS. I will give you some tips to plan what to say ahead of time, no matter what topic comes up during your test. If you prepare yourself well before test day, you will feel confident and look confident to your interviewer. So watch this video, follow my advice, and get a high score. Test yourself with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/ielts-speaking-lasagna-method/ NEXT, watch more videos in the EngVid IELTS Speaking series. It's free to watch and these videos WILL improve your score: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLs_glF4TIn5YL3t2ueJPsyDwpyxSbScJO TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I'm going to talk about IELTS speaking. So, as normal, I'll speak a little bit faster. For those of you taking the test, you get a little bit of listening practice as well. Even if you're not taking the test, this is also very useful for you if you want to practice your speaking skills in English. Okay? So, we're going to talk about IELTS speaking generally. Okay? I'm not going to talk about any of the three parts in specific. I want to talk about fluency in specific. Fluency is one of the categories that you will be graded on. The interviewer is listening for your fluency skills when deciding to give you the band out of nine. Okay? Now, first of all, what does it mean...? What does "fluency" mean? Okay? Fluency has a few things to consider within it. First, how quick you respond; a fast response. So when the question is asked to you, when the interviewer asks you a question in part one or part three, they're looking to find out... They're paying attention to how quickly you answer back. If you receive the question and you need to think about the question, try to translate the question in your mind, then you need to try to build up an answer before you start speaking - the more time you take to do this, the less fluent you are in English. Okay? The graders want to make sure you understood the question quickly, you're ready to start speaking quickly; that's part of fluency. Another thing: Connected sentences. They want to make sure that your sentences flow from one to the next; you're not just throwing out ideas. "I like it. It's good. I did it five times." Like, all of these sentences individually are not part of fluency. That means you're just throwing out ideas, but fluency is also how... The flow. The flow of your speech. And, again, especially in parts one and three when they're asking a question, but also in parts two where you need to construct the answer completely. They're listening for your thinking sounds, so: "Um... Well, uh... Um... If I... Um... Mm... " All of these thinking sounds means you're having trouble with the language, means: Your fluency is not very high, your score is going down. Okay? Try to minimize or even completely eliminate thinking sounds from your speech; they don't help you. Now, if you need some time to think about what to say, you could say: "Well, when I think about this situation, what I usually think about is..." and then get into your answer. You say: "Well, um... Well, usually it's like this..." Well, that doesn't work. That's not fluency. That means you're having problems with the language. Okay? So cut out the thinking sounds: "Ah, erm, er", etc. Now, extend - this is probably the most important part of fluency. Do not give one-word answers to any question. -"Do you like swimming?" -"Yes." -"Okay. Why do you like swimming?" -"It's wet." That doesn't work. That's not an answer, even, right? They want full sentences, they want a few sentences, and they want to have a few ideas all strung together coherently and with nice flow. Now, with all these things in mind, what do most students have the most problems with when it comes to the actual speaking test of the IELTS? The most common problem is what to talk about; they just don't have ideas. Right? So here is my major tip, my major piece of advice to you when it comes to preparing for the speaking section of the IELTS test: Create an idea bank. Okay? This is what I call this exercise. In... Essentially, what this means is: Do your thinking before the test. Don't be in the test room, don't be sitting in front of the interviewer and trying to think about all these ideas that they're asking you about, because sometimes they're going to ask you about things that you have... You just don't think about; you don't really care about. […]
Learn English Vocabulary: Your Body & Organs Learn English Vocabulary: Your Body & Organs
3 years ago En
Learn vocabulary such as "arteries", "diaphragm", "bladder", and yes, even "anus" and "poo". You will get a full anatomy lesson as well as a very important vocabulary lesson. If you are going to be travelling or living in an English-speaking country, you need to be able to talk about your body and your health. It could mean the difference between life and death. In this lesson, we will look at the body's vital internal organs and major systems that keep you alive and well. You will get a full anatomy lesson. Be sure to watch this video to see me say some embarrassing words, and then do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-vocabulary-body-organs/ after you have watched. TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I'm going to give you a bit of an anatomy lesson. Now, first of all, we have to understand a few things. One, this is very scientific things and it's not necessarily important for everybody, but it's good to know. You never know when you might have to talk to your doctor about some of these things, some of these issues, and explain to them what's going on. Or if the doctor needs to explain to you what is going on in your body, you can at least have a basic idea of what he or she is speaking about. Another thing to remember is: I'm not a doctor so if I'm not saying it exactly correct, let it go. It's all about English, not about medicine. So, don't sue me for malpractice later. Okay? So we're going to start with anatomy. What is "anatomy"? This is basically the structure of the body, all the parts of the body, inside, outside, and all around. And we're going to look today at the five vital organs. "Organs" are basically pieces of equipment inside your body. "Vital" means crucial, very, very important, very necessary. So we're going to talk about the five vital organs, meaning that if anything happens to these particular organs, you could die. Okay? So you have to be a little bit careful when it comes to taking care of them. And we're also going to look at the systems that they are parts of. Your body has lots of different systems that control and regulate what happens to your body, and we're going to look at how some of these work. Okay? Now, there are a lot more than five organs, there are more than five systems, but we're only going to look at the vital five today. We're going to start with your "heart". So everybody knows more or less where your heart is, it's about middle of your chest, left or right, depending on the person. What the heart does is it pumps... Basically it pumps blood... It is a pump and it pumps blood throughout your system. Right? It gets the blood flowing in and out. That's why we call it part of the "circulatory system". It circulates the blood throughout your body. The blood goes into the heart, fills up with oxygen, goes to the body, comes back to the heart without oxygen, fills up again, and again, and again. The system is basically made up of the heart, of course. The "blood vessels", these are the small, little lines of blood that reach all over your body. The "arteries", these are the big, the main blood vessels, the main pipelines, if you want to call them, that leave the heart full of oxygen and travel all around the body, and spreading the oxygen all around. And then the veins, that's the blue ones that you might see on your arms, they're going back to the heart without oxygen to get refilled. And then you have a "spleen", which is another organ we're not going to get into right now. So very important, take care of your heart. Now, as a side note, the most... The thing you need to be most worried about are your arteries. If you're going to eat a lot of fatty foods, these things can get clogged. "Clogged" means they get full and the blood can't pass through, and that's when you have a heart attack or even a stroke, so very, very important to make sure that this doesn't happen. Don't eat too many hamburgers, and pizzas, and chips, and French fries, and all of that other delicious, but unhealthy stuff. Next we're going to look at your "brain", the biggest muscle in your body they say, so make sure you exercise, because muscles need exercise to grow. The brain is, again, in your "skull". Okay? It is part of the "central nervous system". Okay? So your brain controls all the voluntary and involuntary actions of your body. "Voluntary", I want to lift my hand up so I do. My brain sends a message, my hand goes up, my hand goes down, side, all around. "Involuntary", breathing. If I held my breath, eventually, even if I want to hold it, my brain will force my lungs to work and I will be able to breathe again. It's involuntary. I don't have much of a choice about it. Okay? The central nervous system consists of the brain, again. The "spinal cord", that's the line in your back-okay?-that it's connected all the way up, keeps your skeleton all together. […]
English vocabulary & slang that YouTube doesn't want you to know! English vocabulary & slang that YouTube doesn't want you to know!
3 years ago En
Learn about the history, usage, vocabulary, slang, and cultural significance of a plant that has been used by humans for thousands of years! Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/
PREPOSITIONS in English: under, below, beneath, underneath PREPOSITIONS in English: under, below, beneath, underneath
3 years ago En
There are many prepositions in English that seem to have the same meaning. But there are sometimes very important differences. For instance, have you noticed that the preposition "underneath" contains the prefix "under"? So do the two words mean the same thing? No! There are differences in the way we use these prepositions. In today's class, we'll look at the differences and uses of the prepositions "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". By the end of the video, you will know when and how to use them when referring to the location of things. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/prepositions-in-english-under-below-beneath-underneath WATCH NEXT: 1. Prepositions in English: ABOVE, OVER, ON, ON TOP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duMo2VoFAQY 2. Phrasal Verbs - FALL: fall for, fall in, fall behind, fall through: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV_wz5yyi2Q TRANSCRIPT Hi, everybody. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's video is about the prepositions: "under", "below", "beneath", and "underneath". Now, I know that some people have a problem distinguishing or knowing which one to use in what context, so we're going to look at all of them and see which situations call for which prepositions, and which situations you can mix them up. Because in many cases you can use "under" or "beneath", for example, or: "under" or "below". So, some situations you can mix them; other situations you can't. So let's start with "under". When do I use "under"? When we talk about a lower level or a lower layer, in terms of space, like... So, "spatial" is the adjective of "space", so when we're comparing space, one is lower than the other. Okay? But, so... "The ball rolled under the car." Generally, when we have some sort of movement, we're going to use probably "under", although we can sometimes say: "The ball rolled beneath the car." We're going to look at the difference between "under" and "beneath" after. So, in this case, you can use: "under", you can use other ones. But in a situation... Now, when I say: "situation" or "condition", it's usually about people. Okay? When somebody is feeling a particular thing or is in a particular condition or state of mind, we're going to use "under". So: "He's under a lot of pressure", means it's the weight of the condition is making him down or is heavy on top of him. Okay? So: "He's under a lot of pressure." Numbers. When we talk about age or quantity, we're going to use: "under", not the other prepositions. "This bar is popular among the under-40 crowd." Basically, "under" means less than or fewer than-right?-when we're talking about numbers. In terms of quantity: "Under 20 people actually showed up to the party", means less than; fewer than 20 people showed up. We can also use "under" as a prefix, means we can add it to under... Other words. Sorry. We can use it to under... Other words... Not "underwear"; I have underwear on my mind. Other words, and basically mean make them less; weakened, or less than, or other situations. So: "underweight". If someone is underweight, they are less than the healthy weight. Right? So this is the... What you should be, and if you're underweight, you're pretty thin. Right? You should eat more. If you "underestimate"... So, you notice I can use it with a noun or with a verb, or adjective. I'll give you other examples after. If you underestimate something or someone, means you don't give them enough credit; you don't appreciate them or it at the place where it should be. So, again, not enough. "Under" can also mean not enough. Now, let's look at "below". So we looked about lower level, etc. When we use "below", we're still talking about relation of two things; one is lower than the other, but it's important to remember that usually it's on the same plane. Now, "on the same plane" means the same spot in space. So if something is here and something is here, we don't say: "This is below that." We can say: "It's under this", in terms of the rankings-okay?-but we don't say it's below. So, the word "below" is written below the word "under", because why? We're on the same plane; we're looking at the whiteboard. It's the same space and I have the same line, so this is below that. Okay? It's not under it; it's below it, in terms of the plane. We also can use "below" when we look at a reference point; in relation to a reference point. Now, what do I mean by "reference point"? Here's the point where things get compared to. For example, average. "Average" is a reference point; it is not the highest, it is not the lowest. It is a combination of all the things on the spectrum or whatever, whatever you're comparing, and we take the average spot which is technically between highest and lowest. […]
Real English Vocabulary: Taking care of your car Real English Vocabulary: Taking care of your car
3 years ago En
You don't need to be a mechanic to know a little about your car. If you travel and rent a car, make sure you know what to do in case there are problems with it. You also need to know the correct words for the different parts of the car! In this vocabulary lesson, we'll go over some of the basics of car maintenance, including fluids, basic engine words, and other things that are inside most road vehicles. You will learn the meaning of words like "wiper", "jack", "muffler", "hood", "shocks", and more. Take your new vocabulary for a test drive by doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/real-english-vocabulary-taking-care-of-your-car/ WATCH NEXT: 1. Vocabulary for a ROAD TRIP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xnT2S70xO8Q&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=23 2. HIGHWAY DRIVING Vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GKqblzFWz_8&index=48&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8 #engvid #LearnEnglish #vocabulary TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video, we're going to look at basic car maintenance. Now, some of you are thinking: "Okay, I don't really need to know this because I don't have a car", but it's always a good idea to know as much as you can about as much as you can, including cars. And keep in mind: It's still English, so it's still a good idea to listen. And you never know when you may be able to help a friend or family member with his or her car. Now, I'm not going to get too serious about this; I'm just going to give you the general things you need to keep in mind when you're looking at your car; a little bit inside, a little bit outside, get a general idea of how to take care of your vehicle. So, the first thing you want to do always... Or every once in a while, depends on the situation, depends on how old your car is: You want to check fluids. "Fluid" is basically any liquid, anything that flows throughout your car. For example, oil. Now, how do you check your oil? Well, you have a little oil tube sticking out of your engine, it has a dipstick - so, basically you pull it out, you clean it with some tissue, you put it back in, and then you pull it out again and then it shows you how much you have; what the level of the oil is. And all of these things... To check all of these things or most of them, they each have their own little dipstick. Okay? So make sure you know where the dipstick is to check your levels. Now, if you're driving and you have windshield wipers, you also make sure... You always want to make sure you have enough windshield washer fluid. So, when you press on the windshield washers... On the wipers, the spray that comes out. That fills up; make sure you have enough. Especially, for example, you live in Canada, in the winter when the streets are full of snow and ice and salt, and they come on your window, if you don't have this fluid, you could be in a lot of trouble. Okay? So make sure you always have some. Once in a while check your transmission fluid. Now, your transmission is what makes the engine... The power from the engine comes to the transmission and it basically turns your tires. Now, if you have gears... Some of you... Most people, actually, these days have an automatic transmission. You put in drive and you go; you don't have to think about all the gears. Some people still have manual transmission where you put it into first gear, second gear, third gear, fourth gear, fifth gear, etc., you have your clutch that you have to engage. Okay? So this is your transmission; that's what makes the wheels turn. Make sure there's enough fluid so you don't kill your transmission. And, again, brake fluid. Your brakes work on hydraulic power. Make sure there's enough fluid in there so the brakes engage and you can actually stop your car. Make sure there's always enough coolant in the radiator. The radiator is that part of the engine that keeps it cool; it doesn't let it get too hot. So the coolant is a special type of fluid that flows through the radiator, it cools as it works, and it goes back into the engine, keeps the engine nice and cool. Make sure you have gas; no gas, no driving. Even electric cars still use some gas, right? So... Then always make sure that your car is fully equipped with the tools it needs. Now, you have a tire, here; imagine that's a tire on your car. The thing that keeps the tire connected to the car, these things here-there's four or five of them-these are called lugs. Lug nuts. So make sure you have a lug wrench. It's usually in your trunk with your spare tire or underneath it. Make sure you have one that properly works. If you have a lock on these lugs, make sure you have the lock so you can open it. A jack. A jack is the thing that you put under your car, and you pump, pump, pump, and it raises your car so you can take the tire off. […]
10 common English Idioms & Expressions from Education 10 common English Idioms & Expressions from Education
3 years ago En
We have a lot of ground to cover in this lesson about idioms and expressions from the world of education. I will give you ten of them and explain each one in detail, because these sayings do not mean literally what they say. For example, when we say something is "old school", it doesn't mean that it is literally from a school that is old. I will teach you the meaning of sayings like "getting an A for effort", "learn the ropes", "You can't teach an old dog new tricks", and more. After watching, complete the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-expressions-education/ to see if you make the grade! NEXT, watch these videos: 1. 23 Phrasal Verbs with COME: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RyN4NcH7maQ&index=5&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc 2. 10 Idioms from Technology: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffoHJAxnAvE&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=12 TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's lesson I want to teach you eight idioms that come from education. Actually, I have 10 of them, a couple of them are just expressions, though, so I can add them to the other ones. Eight idioms. All of these come from education, but now we use them to talk about other things that might not be related to education at all. Okay? So, as you know, idioms are groups of words, they're expressions whose individual words, when they're put together might not mean the exact same thing as the words themselves. They can have completely unrelated meanings, and we're going to see some examples of these. So we're going... We have a lot of ground to cover, so we're going to go slowly but surely through it all. So, what does it mean "to cover a lot of ground" or "have a lot of ground to cover"? It means to have a lot of material or a lot of information to get through, and understand, and make sure everybody gets. Right? When we cover a lot of ground, technically it comes from the ground, and you cover ground means you move, you travel. But we use "ground" as information, and "cover" means go over. So: "cover a lot of ground", get through a lot of information. Also, we "can't teach an old dog new tricks". So what does it mean, you can't teach an old dogs a new trick? So imagine your grandfather, okay? You are moving to another country because you're studying English, you want to immigrate to another country. You get to that country and you want to continue speaking with your grandfather in your home country. So you're trying to teach him Skype or you're trying to teach him, like, a mobile app, messenger, whatever. But your grandfather is trying, trying, trying, he just doesn't get it. And then finally he says: "You know what? I don't care. We'll call each other on the telephone once in a while." So finally you give up, you say: "You know what? You can't teach an old dog new tricks. We'll just call on the phone." It means as people get older, it's very difficult to change their habits. Okay? We're not calling old people old dogs, it's just an expression, but basically old people don't change habits very easily. You can't teach them, so that's where the education comes in. Now, something or someone is "old school" or he or she belongs to an "old school of thought" or to a particular school of thought. So, if somebody is old school, he or she likes something that is a little bit old-fashioned, likes to do something a little bit old-fashioned, something that's probably outdated, not modern. Okay? Now, it doesn't have to be about a person. It could be a thing. So, for example, if you... For example, if you go to Cuba... Okay. Cuba has a lot of old cars from the 1950s. Okay? Like Chevys, and Fords, and whatnot. We can say: "Oh, wow, that's a really old-school car." It has the old engines, nothing computerized. It's all carburetor and all kinds of pipes all over the place. It's very old school. It's very cool, but it's not modern. Okay? So it's something that's old school. When we talk about a school of thought, it means it's a particular way of viewing something or thinking about something. We especially use it to talk about, like, philosophy. Okay? But even in science there are certain scientists who basically subscribe to this particular school of thought. So, we use the word "subscribe", means they believe in doing it this way. Other scientists subscribe to this school of thought. So, the... There was a scientist who said: "This is the way we should do it." There was another scientist who said: "This is the way we should do it." All the people who follow this way created a school or a viewpoint, they created their own viewpoint. So different schools of thought. So, if we're talking about how to discipline children, okay? Some people like to sit their children down and talk, talk, talk for hours to try to teach them something. Other... In other cultures they just slap them on the bum, the kid understands, never does it again. […]
English Grammar: Compound Subjects & Verb Agreement English Grammar: Compound Subjects & Verb Agreement
3 years ago En
What is a compound subject? It is when you combine several subjects together into one. This helps to avoid repetition in a sentence. But how do you make the verb agree with several subjects? For example, do we say "Bill and Kate is kind" or "are kind"? Do we say "Neither John nor his friends need help" or "needs help"? It all depends on subject-verb agreement, which is an important element of writing and speaking in English. In this lesson, we will look at compound subjects and how verbs react to these. I will teach you how to make the verb agree with the subjects in different kinds of sentences. After the video, be sure to do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-compound-subjects-verb-agreement/ to test yourself on the material. TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at the "Compound Subject". So this is a grammar lesson, and it doesn't matter if you're a beginner or advanced, it's very important to understand this because it's very easy to make mistakes, especially in writing. So, we're going to start by looking at the subject. What is a subject? Just to refresh our memories. The subject is the thing in the sentence or in the clause that is going to do the action or is going to be in the situation of the "be" verb, if it's not an action verb. Right? So... And we always have to make sure that our subject and our verb agree. They must agree, especially in terms of number. If you have a singular subject, you must have a singular verb. Right? So let's look at this example: "The doctor is off this week." Right? So when we're talking about the doctor, there's one doctor, his or her situation is that he or she is off this week. They're on vacation. Right? So we have a singular verb. Now, we're going to look at compounds in terms of taking two pieces and making one subject out of this... Out of the two individual pieces. We're going to look at "and" and we're going to look at "or", "either", "or", "neither", "nor". Okay? But we're going to look at "or" after, we're going to start with "and". First thing you need to remember about "and", it works like a plus sign. One plus one equals two. So, when you take two individual subjects and you join them together, you're creating a two-or-more situation, or a two-or-more subject, therefore you have a plural subject. Right? So: "The doctor and the nurse are off", so plural, whereas you had singular. Now, it doesn't matter if you have plural pieces. "The doctor and the nurse are", "The doctors and the nurse are", "The doctors and the nurses are", any combination because you're joining them into a group and now they are plural and you have a matching verb. Now, it's very important to remember that we're talking about compounds and we're using a compound conjunction, but if you use: "The doctors"... Well, let's just say "doctor", no "s". "The doctor as well as the nurses are off this week", would this be correct? No, it would not because you're not making a compound. This is an extra. Okay? "The doctor", but if you had: "The doctors as well as the nurses are off this week", that is correct because then you would still have a plural to a plural. Singular, with "as well as", singular. Plural with "as well as", plural. Now: "as well as", "along with", "together with", "accompanied by", all of these expressions are not compound conjunctions. So we only have a compound subject when we have a compound conjunction joining them. Okay? But there are situations where you're going to have a compound, but you still have a singular subject. "Spaghetti and meatballs is delicious", not "are". Why is this singular? Because this is a grouped thing, they always go together. Spaghetti and meatballs is one idea. Even though you're joining them, they are basically one item. "Peanut butter and jelly is my favourite snack", or "Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are my favourite snack", but then you're using it as an adjective. If it's one piece, if it's a collective, then it's singular. If it's two separate items, then you're making a compound and then you have a plural. Look at this one: "The founder and CEO of the company is ready to sell", "The founder and CEO of the company are ready to sell". Now, which of these is correct? Well, both can be correct. You can have one person who is both the founder of the company and the CEO of the company. So if this and this refer to the same person, then it's a singular subject and you're using "is". If the founder and the CEO are two different people, then you're creating a compound, you have a plural, and then you have "are" as correct. So it's very important to understand what the two pieces on either side of "and" are doing. Are they two separate things, or are they one combined thing? And then you'll know which... If it's a plural or a singular subject. I'm going to give you some more examples after so you'll get an idea, but first let's look at "or". […]
8 Phrasal Verbs with BREAK: break in, break up, break through... 8 Phrasal Verbs with BREAK: break in, break up, break through...
3 years ago En
Native English speakers use phrasal verbs all the time! A phrasal verb is a phrase with a common verb that often means something you might not expect. Take a break for a few minutes, and watch this lesson on phrasal verbs with "break". Whether you need to "break up" with someone, "break into" a new career, or "break up" a fight, these expressions will help you "break away" from the pack. Start using these common expressions today after testing yourself in the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/8-break-phrasal-verbs/ Watch more PHRASAL VERB lessons here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7_QXVcvcfQ&list=PLs_glF4TIn5YwzZX0WkcvWbipolVN7VCm TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at phrasal verbs. Well, one phrasal verb in particular using the verb "break". So, again, just to refresh our memories: A phrasal verb is a verb and a preposition that when put together sometimes have completely different meanings than the two words, and sometimes they have multiple meanings. So we're going to start with: "break". First of all: "break" means to basically make somebody whole not whole. So you can break your bone, means it's, like, snap in half, or you break your glass. You drop the glass on the floor and it breaks, it comes into pieces, so that's what "break" means. And most of these words you can a little bit guess their meanings, some of them you will not guess at all. We're going to start with "break out". Okay, "break out" has a few meanings, and we have the noun "breakout". Okay? "To break out", so the first meaning we're going to look at is a rash, r-a-s-h. Actually I'll write this down for you. If you break out in a rash, it basically means you ate something that you're allergic to. So, some people, for example, are allergic to chocolate. So they eat a piece of chocolate, or... By accident and suddenly on their skin they see little, red dots everywhere. Okay? That is called a rash. It's itchy, it's not very pretty, but it's an allergic reaction. So you break out in a rash, usually. Okay? That's one. The same thing, on the same idea, when we talk about a disease. So, a disease or a virus, for example, starts somewhere and then it just breaks out. It spreads. So: "to break out" means to spread. So, some diseases, like for example, SARS, I don't know if everybody remembers that disease, it started in one little place, and then it suddenly broke out and travelled all over the world, and it was an epidemic, and everybody was really scared. Another meaning of "break out" and similar to the idea of spread, when we talk about artists, especially like actors or musicians, they break out, it means they suddenly become very popular or very famous. So, some singers or some bands, they make an album, for example. And, you know, the sales are so-so and not that many people hear about them. Then their next album, so-so, maybe a little bit better, maybe not. Their third album suddenly they break out, suddenly everybody knows who they are, they're very famous, everybody's buying their album, so we also call this their "breakout album". That's the album that spread their name and made them famous. Okay? And lastly: "to break out" means to escape. So if you break out of jail, that means you escape from jail. So a little bit like, you know, you have... You're handcuffed or you have that ball with a chain on your leg, so you break it and you get out, so you escape. You break out of jail. So that's "break out". "Break in", a few meanings. One, and again, "break-in" is a noun with the hyphen. "To break in" basically means to enter illegally and using force. So, if someone has a break in in their house, means that the burglar broke the lock or the window, or whatever and came in and stole their things. So: "to break in" means to enter forcefully. Usually we use it with "break into", you break into someone's house, you break into the office, etc. But "break into" has another meaning, we'll get to that. So that's "break in". Another meaning of "break in": "to break in" means to make something basically more suited to your style, to your comfort. Okay? So think about jeans. When you buy your first pair of jeans or when you buy a new pair of jeans, I should say, they're a little bit stiff. You know? They're not that comfortable, you're not sitting too well in them, so you do a few squats. Okay? Or you do some stretches, or you put it in the laundry, and after a few washes, it becomes a little bit softer, a little bit more flexible, so now your jeans are broken in. You've broken in your jeans. If you take a baseball glove-okay?-this is a very common thing that you need to break in. When you buy a new baseball glove it's very stiff, so if somebody throws you the ball, you can't catch it because you can't close the glove. So, what do you do? […]
My 6 TOP tips for taking tests and exams My 6 TOP tips for taking tests and exams
3 years ago En
Success on any test depends on more than just knowledge of the test material. You need to prepare yourself both mentally and physically. In this lesson, we will go over some important tips to make sure you are as ready as possible for your test. Some topics we will cover include: the logistics of testing, how to prepare the night prior, what to do if panic sets in, and even how to get proper rest and nutrition. Don't leave any of these parameters to chance, and you'll set yourself up for success. If you follow my advice and take it step by step, you WILL succeed on your exam. https://www.engvid.com/my-6-top-tips-for-tests-exams/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I want to talk to you about how to prepare for taking a test. I'm not talking about studying the material or studying... Practicing the English, if you're taking an English test, like IELTS or TOEFL. I want you to think about the actual test day, what you need to do just before, what you need to do during, what you need to do or not do after. Okay? So, we're going to look at six tips to prep, to get ready for test day. Okay? Now, these are all very general tips, but I'm going to get into a little more detail with each one. Number one: Good rest. What does this mean? Make sure the night before a test... And this is about any test you're going to take, make sure you get a good night's sleep. Because I've met a lot of people... Excuse me. I've met a lot of people who are going to take a test and I know that they were very, very prepared. They studied all the material, their English was excellent, and then they went to the test and they did terribly. Why? Because they were so tired. They just couldn't concentrate. The night before, get a good night's sleep. Don't study the night before. Sleep, wake up early, be fresh when you get to the test center. Have all of your energy ready to focus on what you're about to do. Okay? Don't go out partying, don't go drinking, don't go see a movie, don't go hang out with friends. Stay at home, relax, read a book, maybe watch a little bit of television. Go to sleep early, wake up early, make sure you have enough time to get to the test center, make sure everything is under control, there's no anxiety, no stress, relaxed. With a clear mind is a strong mind, right? If your mind is clear, and sharp, and focused, you're going to do well. If you're tired, and panicky, and not so sure what's going on, you're not going to do well. Okay. Good nutrition. Now, this is very important. The morning of the test, make sure you wake up early enough to have a solid breakfast. Now, if you're a coffee drinker, have a coffee, but have it early and don't have any more before the test. Coffee is a stimulant. Okay? Coffee is a stimulant. It stimulates the body, it gets the energy flowing, you get a bit of adrenaline going, you get a bit of a sugar rush. Caffeine gets your... Everything moving a little bit faster. The problem with a stimulant is it gives you a nice boost of energy, but then when the stimulant works its way out of the body, then you come down real hard again. Right? And that's when you start making mistakes, that's when you stop thinking clearly, that's when you get a little bit tired, you lose a little bit of focus, and then you start making silly mistakes. Most of these tests, and again, we're talking about IELTS, TOEFL, SAT, GMAT, even your high school exams, most of them are long. Right? I remember in university having three-hour exams as a regular thing. Make sure that you're energetic from beginning to end; you don't have a downtime where everything falls apart and you don't know what you're writing about. So, what is good nutrition? Have a good protein, high-protein breakfast, make sure you have some carbohydrates, like sugars, things that give you energy, but not too much. Sugar is also a stimulant, so you don't want to have, like, a cinnamon bun from Cinnabon that's full of sugar that's going to get you all juiced up, and then it's going to drop you right in the middle of a test and you lost all your focus. Right? Good protein. Eggs. If you have your coffee, have it early. Make sure that your... Everything your body needs. Now, you have to understand h ow... How your body works. Right? So, again, if you're a coffee drinker, drink your coffee; if you're not, don't drink a coffee just do get the energy buzz. You can have a protein shake if that works for you, you can have a protein bar, you can take that with you, have it just before the test, but again, make sure your stomach is not louder than your thoughts. Okay? I've been in those kinds of tests as well, where my stomach is so loud that the people next to me couldn't concentrate on their test either, so don't do that. […]
WRITING – Advanced English Transitions: thereby, thereof, hereby, therein, wherein, whereby... WRITING – Advanced English Transitions: thereby, thereof, hereby, therein, wherein, whereby...
3 years ago En
Good writing makes use of transition words, thereby creating better flow and adding some style to the text. In this lesson we'll look at some linking words and transitions used to connect ideas, such as: "thereby", "thereof", "hereby", "therein", "wherein", "whereby", and more. This will make your writing clear and organized. Watch the video to improve your writing style. Now it's time for a lesson on some different transitions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsDR3XEv50E&index=103&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&t=0s TAKE THE QUIZ ON THIS LESSON: https://www.engvid.com/writing-advanced-english-transitions TRANSCRIPT Hi again, everybody. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at transitions. Now, you may have seen some other videos on engVid about transitions, especially for writing. What we're going to look at today are a few more specific transitions, but this time we're not looking at transitions between paragraphs or even transitions between sentences. Okay? We're looking at transitions that we are generally using in a sentence to shift from one idea to another idea in a sentence. So they're very similar to, like, adverb... Adverb clauses, for example, but they're used in different ways. But, again, they do have their specific purposes. Now, you'll also notice that all of them or most of them start with: "there" plus a preposition, or "where" plus a preposition, and we have the one special one: "hereby". So: "Thereby", "Thereof", "Thereafter", "Therein", "Therefore", "Wherein", "Whereby", "Hereby", these are the words we're going to look at and how they're used within sentences. Now, before I explain these to you and show them... Show you samples of how they're used, I want you to understand that these are generally very formal, very high-end. They're not very commonly used. There are other ways you can say these things without being too serious, I guess you could say. But if you're going to university, if you're going to take a test, IELTS, TOEFL, SAT, all these tests - you will see these and you should be able to use them as well. And if you can actually use them properly in your essays, and like, again, nicely, appropriately, good timing, your score... That'll help your score. It should go up quite a bit because these are not very easy to use. So, we're going to start with "thereby". "Thereby" basically means by which, or through which, or like through this action something happened. It's a little bit similar to: "due to". The only problem is you can't use it in the same structure as "due to". Okay? So let's look at the first sentence. "The team lost the final game of the season, thereby missing the playoffs." So, basically by doing this, by losing the last game, the result... What happened? They missed the playoffs. But notice that we are using an "ing" here: "...thereby missing the playoffs", right? This is basically a gerund expression, a gerund phrase, but we can't use this with a clause. We're using it with an "ing". So that's one thing you have to keep in mind. If I wanted to use "due to", I would have to change the whole structure. "Due to their loss in the final game of the season, the team missed the playoffs." A completely different structure. I'm using the independent clause, here, the "due to" with the cause, etc. This one gives you another option, basically, on how to link the ideas. Cause, effect. But we don't have to use the "ing", we can use another way. "Lisa studied for three straight weeks and was thereby able to pass her test." So she studied, studied, studied, and through this action she was able to pass her test. And: "...and was thereby", "...and she was thereby able". Notice that I'm not using this to start the clause; I'm using it within the clause, between the verbs to show through this action, this was the result that she was looking for. Okay? So: "by which", "through which action". Let's look at "therein". "The new contract does not allow for extended maternity leave;" here I'm using the semi-colon, I'm going to give you the next idea, so this is like a conjunction. "...therein lies the problem for the union, 60% of whose membership is young women". So, "therein" basically means in that, or into that situation, problem, position, state, etc. So, "therein". "Therein" means: In what? In this situation, in this new contract there's a problem. So: "...therein in this new contract lies a problem", and this is a very common follow-up to the transition "therein". "...therein lies the problem". A very famous expression: "...therein lies the rub" from Shakespeare. "Aye, there's the rub." I'm not sure if you know that expression, I think from Hamlet, dream to... If you dream and you can die, it's all good, but then: Oh, there's a problem - you don't wake up. So: "...therein lies the rub". A very common expression to use with "lies". […]
Real English: Talking about BEER Real English: Talking about BEER
3 years ago En
Have you ever been offered a "cold one"? This means you were invited to go drink some beer. In many countries (and most English-speaking countries), beer is a big a part of the local culture, so it's a good idea to know some of the language involved with this celebrated drink. In this lesson, we will look at beer types, customs, and even the process of making beer. I'll talk about vocabulary, slang, expressions, and more. So sit back and relax with a brewski, and enjoy the lesson! Next, watch my video on vocabulary for taking a road trip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xnT2S70xO8Q&list=PLxYD9HaZwsI5C0d8CivHvoI_-0rs8XMfc&index=16&t=0s Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/real-english-talking-about-beer/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a very special one, especially here in Canada because we're going to talk about beer, one of our favourite drinks, one of our favourite pastimes. In fact, it looks something like this. This is a beer. Not a Canadian beer, but that's okay, it's an import. We're going to talk about the different types of beer, we're going to... You're going to be drinking here when you come to visit us. And beer is a very delicious, cold drink, made with a few particular ingredients. It's alcoholic, so I know not everybody drinks it, but if you come to Canada it's a big part of our culture; we drink it summer, winter, lunch, dinner, sometimes breakfast but not usually. It happens. But there's a bunch of things you need to know if you're going to come to Canada and talk about beer. Of course, in Europe and other places in the world, very common as well. So, first of all, we have a few nicknames for beer. We could call it: "a brew", "a brewski", "suds", "a cold one", some people even call it "a barley sandwich". "Barley" is like a little grain, it's a cereal that you make beer with, so if anybody offers you a barley sandwich, they are offering you a beer. So, first let's talk about the process of making beer. You begin with... By making a "malt". You take the barley, you put it in a container and let it "sprout". So like little seeds come out and little strips of that come out. And once you have those sprouts, you put them in a different container and let them "ferment". In other words, you let the sugar content become alcohol. Okay? You..."Fermenting" is used with a lot of different things, but especially in beer. Once the sprouts have fermented and the alcohol is there, then you add "hops". "A hop" is a particular type of plant, very green, very bitter that you add, and you also add "yeast". "Yeast" is the same thing we put in bread, or in flour and water, in dough to make it rise. Okay? So we put it also in beer, that's why you have the white foam on top of the beer. Okay? And the hops and the yeast, they add the bitters and the flavours. That's why your beer tastes a little bit bitter, depending on the type of beer. Some of them are more sweet, some are less, we're going to talk about that after. Okay, so next we need to think about the "alcohol content" or "alcohol by volume". Now, there is such a thing as non-alcoholic beer, but it doesn't really taste that good. They say it's supposed to taste the same as beer, but I'm not so sure. I'll let you decide that yourself. So, every time you get a bottle of beer it will say on it: "alcohol by volume" or "ABV". Okay? So, a lite beer-and we generally spell it "l-i-t-e", not "g-h"-is 4% usually, 4.5 maybe. A regular beer is usually 5, 5.5, and a strong beer is 7 or higher. And a strong beer will get you drunk pretty quick. Okay? And it's a very strong taste to it. Now, how do we drink beer? You can drink it from the bottle, you can drink it from a can, or you can drink it from "a mug". A mug is usually glass, it's usually pretty big and has a handle. If you go to a pub or a bar here, they will keep it in the fridge, it's nice in cold, they put the cold beer inside, you drink it, it's very delicious. "A stein" looks like a mug, but generally it could be bigger, it could be different sizes, different shapes. It's usually very decorative. It has, like, colours, or it has shapes, or it has emblems, all kinds of things on it. You will see this especially at Oktoberfest which I'll talk about in a second. Now, the size of your beer also makes a difference. You can get "a pint" or "a half pint". If you want to know measurements, that's 20 ounces or 568 millilitres, give or take. So, a half pint is not usually half, it's usually about 12 ounces. You can get a glass or you can get a full pint in a mug. Now, if you're with a bunch of friends, you can just order "a pitcher". A pitcher is usually about 3 or 4 almost pints I think. And I think in Europe, three pints. So about that. In Europe I think you can buy by the litre, is usually the case, and that's more personal, too; it's not to share with your friends. […]
23 Phrasal Verbs with COME: come across, come around, come up with... 23 Phrasal Verbs with COME: come across, come around, come up with...
3 years ago En
Have you ever come across some phrasal verbs that use the verb "come"? They are often used by native English speakers to express many different things, from disbelief to creating something or finding something. In this lesson, I will teach you 23 phrasal verbs that use "come", like "come across", "come out", "come in", and more. So come on. Let's start! Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/23-come-phrasal-verbs/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's lesson we're going to look at another phrasal verb using the verb "come". Now, again, what are phrasals? Phrasals are a verb and a preposition that together can have many different meanings apart from the words themselves. Now, I know that there are many phrasal verbs with the verb "come", but I've only chosen these to... These are the most common ones we're going to look at today. If there are other ones that are not on the list, by all means, please put them in the forum on www.engvid.com in the forum section if you want to talk about other ones, if you want to ask about other ones, but today we're going to concentrate on these ones here: "come up with" and "come up against"... Actually I should probably just put this here so there's no confusion. "Come up with", "come up against", "come across", "come around", "come out", sometimes "come out with", "come apart", "come on", "come into", "come over", and "come in". So, let's get started. So: "come up with". When you come up with something, means that you either produce it or that you think about it. Okay? So if you come up with a plan, for example, it means, like we had a problem in the office or in the business and we needed to fix it, and I asked all my staff to come up with a plan or come up with an idea, or come up with a solution to try to fix this. So, somebody came up with it, means that they thought about it. They used their imagination, they thought, thought, thought, and they came up with a plan. But you can also use it with other things, not just ideas. So, I have a project but I don't have enough money for this project, so I ask my friend to help me out, maybe talk to some of his wealthy friends, and maybe sell them on the idea. And to my surprise, he came up with the money, means he produced it or he found it. He was able to get this money. So: "come up with", thought or actual thing, usually money we use it with. "Come up with the money", and we would say "the money" more than "a money", obviously. Okay? "Come up against". So: "come up against" means you suddenly face an obstacle or you... Or a struggle, something... Some sort of problem, but usually it's an obstacle. Now, this could be physical. I'm walking along a hiking trail and suddenly there... Or it's not suddenly, but before a tree fell over and blocked the way. So I came up against this tree, and now I have to figure out how to get around or over it, etc. More commonly we talk about this in terms of abstract ideas. So, I am trying to run for President of my country and I thought: "Okay, easy. Everybody loves me. I don't really have much competition." But suddenly the opposition party put in a candidate and I've... I have to come up against him. Basically I have to come up against a worthy opponent and now I have to fight, and I have to struggle to continue on where I'm going. So that's come up against something not good. "Come across", again, there's the literal one, means come across something, so basically move. But again, I'm... Somebody is coming across to my side. But more commonly: "to come across" and we usually use it with "as". If someone comes across as something else, it means he or she appears to be something that maybe he or she is not. Okay? So I met this person the other day, met him for the first time and he really came across as a friendly guy, but then later I found out that he's really not a very nice guy at all. He's a... I can't use the word here on the video, but there's another word for him that he actually is. So he came across as friendly, but in reality, not very friendly. Okay? "Come around" also has a few meanings. One, basically if I want to... Somebody is trying to change my opinion, or I want to change somebody else's opinion, okay? So I persuade this person to think that my position is better, and I convince, and I talk and I talk and I talk, and finally this person thinks: "Yeah, you know what? Maybe you're right." So he came around, he came to my side of the argument. "Come around"-sorry-can also mean if you're passed out and somebody's trying to revive you, they give you some smelling salt or they throw water on your face, and you come around. "Oh. Oh, where am I? Oh, okay, I know where I am." I came around, I regained consciousness, I regained my bearings. Okay, that's "come around".
Professional English Vocabulary: Meetings Professional English Vocabulary: Meetings
3 years ago En
There's a lot of specialized vocabulary that's used in the office. If you work in an office and want to present yourself professionally, it's especially important that you are able to understand and use these terms. In this Business English video, I'll teach you words that you'll hear in business meetings. We'll go over a show of hands, adjourn, consensus, and other important vocabulary. There's a lot on the agenda for this lesson, so don't forget to take minutes, and to take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/professional-english-vocabulary-meetings/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I want to talk to you about some business English, but more specifically, we're going to talk about meetings, business meetings and what goes on there, and some of the vocabulary you will need to know if you have to go to some of these meetings. Okay, we have a bunch of words here. I'm going to go through each one, make sure you understand what it is. So, every meeting has to have an "agenda". Actually I'll stand on this side a little bit. Every meeting has to have an agenda. What is an "agenda"? An agenda is basically the plan or the list of topics that need to be covered in this meeting. Right? So by the end of the meeting you have to cover these points, and then the meeting can break up or whatever. Okay? So that's the plan. We also use this for other situations, like somebody has an agenda, means somebody has a goal they're after. In a business meeting, the plan. The goal is to finish these lists... The list of priorities. At a meeting someone will be "designated" to take notes. Okay? So, "you designate" means you choose someone or you assign someone a specific task. Okay? So, every... Every meeting somebody else takes a turn or sometimes some big companies have one person whose job is to take those notes. Now, those notes are called "minutes", like the same minute... Like, you think about it in terms of time. "Minutes" are the notes or the summary of a meeting. Okay? At the end of the meeting the person who was designated to take the notes will go back to his or her desk, and type up a list of the main highlights of the meeting, and whatever goals were achieved, whatever items need to be discussed next meeting, etc. So, notes. Now, somebody might put forward a "motion". Okay? "Put forward a motion". A motion is basically the same idea as a proposal. Somebody says: "Okay, I think we need to do this. Let's vote on it." So anything that needs to be voted on is called a motion. Okay? Their idea, their plan, their suggestion, etc. After somebody puts forward the motion, everybody else in the meeting room will have "deliberations". Okay? They will deliberate on this motion. Basically they will discuss it. Everybody will say what they think, what they like, what they don't like. There'll be a general discussion about the motion, and that's called deliberations. Sometimes these deliberations involve a "conference call". A conference call is basically a call with people outside the meeting room, it could be on Skype, some sort of video program, it could be just a telephone call, but it's a speaker and everybody in the room can hear and be heard, and the person on the other end can be... Can hear and be heard as well. So it's a conference call. Then everybody will "brainstorm" to come up with new ideas. So, "brainstorming" is basically thinking, but thinking hard about a specific topic, and trying to come up with different ideas for that topic, how to do something, etc. Hopefully everybody in the room will "collaborate", people from different departments might come into a meeting to talk about a project or a product, or whatever, or a campaign. Everybody has to collaborate, everybody has to work together, that's what "collaborate" means. A good company will have people who like to collaborate, they'll like to work as a team; some companies it's a bit more difficult. Then after the deliberations, after the brainstorming, after all their talk, it's time to vote. Okay? So everybody will "cast a ballot". We also talk about this when we talk about politics. After the campaign for a political position, the public goes to cast a ballot. They go to the ballot box to vote. So, "cast a ballot", vote. Now, there are different ways to do it. There's a secret ballot. Okay? If you have a secret ballot, then everybody writes their answer, their choice on a piece of paper, puts it into a box, and then somebody collects them: "Yes", "No", whatever. There's an open ballot that everybody knows what everybody else is voting. This is called "a show of hands". "Show of hands, who's for the project? Who's against?" Okay, and then more hands this side, this side wins; more hands this side, this side wins. "Show of hands". In a classroom a teacher might use this: "Okay, does everybody understand? A show of hands. If you understand, put up your hand." Good. […]
Learn Vocabulary: Sports of the Winter Olympics Learn Vocabulary: Sports of the Winter Olympics
3 years ago En
What's your favourite winter sport? Is it figure skating or luge? Do you know what luge is? In preparation for this year's Olympic Games in South Korea, watch this English vocabulary lesson on Olympic winter sports. In this lesson, you will learn about hockey, skiing, snowboarding, curling, and more. Do you know all the different types of sledding? The Olympic Games take place every four years. Watch the video to ensure that this year, you are ready to talk sports. https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-sports-winter-olympics/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's lesson we're going to talk about the Winter Olympics. They're just around the corner, and I figured it's a good idea that you know what's going on if you're interested in winter sports. I'm going to tell you about the different events that you can watch, and what the different words are that they're talking about on TV. Okay? Because this year the Olympics are in Pyeongchang, South Korea, which is the northern part of South Korea, but not North Korea. It's a little bit confusing. The northern part of South Korea. And all the regular events are there, so I'm going to walk you through them and make sure you know which ones you like, which ones you want to watch, adjust your calendars, your timetables because if you live in a different part of the world, you may have to watch them during the night. So, we're going to start with the events and then I'll give you some general Olympics' vocabulary. Let's start with skating. Okay? We're going to... There're different events for skating. There's speed skating which happens around a long track, an oval track, and people basically race each other; then there's short track speed skating-sorry-and basically this is like a very short... It's almost like a little circle, and you have five or six guys, and they just basically have a race and they're trying to finish first; and whoever finished first, second, etc., they go on and they have a few rounds of this. Okay? They have different rounds, and the winner of each one or the top two of each race go to the next round, the next round until you have a final round, and then the winner gets gold, second place gets silver, etc., or in bronze. So, this is a very exciting event because there're always crashes, and they go around really, really fast, and they're like... Basically almost sideways because they're on their skates going around in a circle all the time, very exciting to watch. Then, of course, there's figure skating, which is one of the more... One of the most popular events during the Winter Olympics. There are men's, women's, and pairs figure skating, and I think there's also a dance figure skating, it's a little bit different. And basically they're on the rink, so the ice surface, or the... The building they're in is the arena and the actual ice surface is called a rink. And there they do all kinds of performances. It's very acrobatic. Now, you might hear all the different names of the movements they make, like double axel and cow something, these I don't actually know because you have to actually know something about figure skating, but you can just watch it. It's very beautiful to watch, beautiful music and they wear their costumes. Their costumes are just basically they create for themselves, they're custom-made costumes you can call them, and they go around, they do all these acrobatic things. There're two components to it, there's the technical and then there's the artistic. So they do this on two occasions, and they get a scaled score, basically up to six or five, 5.2, 5.5, etc., and whoever has the best score, obviously gets the gold medal. And the one component is the technical where they have to do certain number of routines, certain number of movements. And the second one is artistic where they have to basically involve those movements, but also according to the music, according to the style, etc. Okay? Very popular. And of course they're wearing figure skates. That's the only real equipment they need, except for their costumes. Speed skaters, they wear a different type of skate. It's a much longer blade, okay? So they're basically on blade. They're basically on, like, two or three milli-... Or three or four millimetres of metal, that's all that's holding them up. Very sharp edges to the blades, and that's what they go around on, etc. Okay? So, figure skating. Skiing, that's another common and very popular sport in the Olympics. All types of different events that involve skiing. Alpine skiing is basically coming down a mountain, and there's a slalom, basically it's a very long... They're on the slope of the mountain, and it's a very long course. Okay? And they come down and whoever has the best time... So, there's two ways to do it, there's time and there's also races for different things, but Alpine is usually time trial. Now, there's cross-country skiing which is flat but long distance. […]
IELTS Writing: The 3 Essay Types IELTS Writing: The 3 Essay Types
4 years ago En
Be prepared for any essay on the IELTS exam by knowing what to expect. Whether it's an opinion essay, a comparative, or a descriptive essay, your approach will need to match the task. In this lesson we look at what kinds of questions may come up and how to approach these. I'll break it down in detail, clearly, so you know exactly what you should do with each type of essay question. Follow my suggestions and you will succeed. This is the detailed essay video I mentioned in the lesson: https://youtu.be/1W9iimRFmF0 Go to my writing YouTube channel, Write to Top, and subscribe for more writing videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCdJ_sF-R6PPqFgPNOjcwSxQ/ More IELTS videos: 1. IELTS: 3 Reading Strategies: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N0ePX99GM70 2. IELTS: The 5-Step Study Plan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SHhJ1RqWl-k 3. IELTS Writing: 5 Most Common Mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QFoWVbgT1Tg TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is an IELTS lesson, so as usual, I'll be speaking a little bit faster than normal, give you a little bit of listening practice. And today we're going to look at specifically the essay types, the types of essays you're going to have to come across for those of you taking the IELTS test in the writing section task two, the independent essay. I'm going to talk about the types of essays, and a very general idea, a very general discussion about how to approach, generally again, the essay. I want to make... Talk about templates, but I'll do that a little bit later. So first of all, the main thing to remember, you have essentially three types of essays that you're going to come across on the IELTS writing test. You're going to have an essay that asks for an opinion, you're going to have an essay that does not ask for an opinion, and then you're going to have a hybrid, you're going to have a combination of the two. Okay? So first let's go over the types of questions you might see that ask for an opinion. Now, it's very important to recognize that not all of you... Sorry, not all of the questions are going to be specifically mentioning the word: "opinion", or "think", or "believe", but you still have to recognize. So: "Do you agree or disagree with whatever has been mentioned before?" or whatever is written there. "Do you agree or disagree?" Take a side. "I agree with this because", reasons. "I disagree because", reasons. And similarly: "To what extent do you agree or disagree?" A quick word about "to what extent", I personally recommend completely, totally, fully agree with whatever you agree with because it's a much easier essay to write. If you say: "I somewhat agree", then you have to look at both sides and tell me what you agree with, what you disagree with. If you say: "I completely agree with this idea", then you only have to focus on that idea. It's much easier. "Do you think" something, so this is a very direct question about your opinion. "What do you think about this?" or "What do you think are the causes of", "What do you think are the main issues or problems?" Now: "Do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks", or: "Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?" As soon as you see, here, the word: "Do", it's a yes/no question, you have to say yes or no, and we're going to talk about yes/no questions. But this word: "outweigh"... "Are there more drawbacks or are there more benefits?" This is an opinion question. You decide if there are more drawbacks or opinions. "Which is better: This situation or this situation?" Okay? "Is it more important to do this or to do that?" So, again, these are all yes/no... This is a choice question because you have the "better", you have the comparative. And, again, you have this, plus the yes/no. So as soon as it's a yes/no question, it's an opinion question. Make sure that you answer very specifically yes or no, this side or this side, and say why you think so. Support your opinion. And yes/no, if a question begins with: "Should some... Should somebody do something?", "Should this be done?", "Do... Do people need to do this?" for example. Excuse me. Any yes/no question is asking for an opinion. Okay? Make sure that you give an opinion, make sure that you support that opinion. Okay, now, let's go on to the non-opinion questions. "Discuss", so they're going to give you two attitudes, or two views, or two approaches to something. They say: "Discuss both views. Discuss both attitudes." This is not asking for your opinion. So, one thing, it's a general rule of thumb, don't always apply it because some of you don't like to use the word "I", but if the question has a "you", the answer can, and in most cases should, have an "I". Okay? You don't have to use the personal pronoun. It's not wrong to. A lot of people are afraid, they think academic essays shouldn't use "I". Totally okay, recommended for a lot of people. If you can't make your views clear without using the "I", then use the "I". Here, don't use the "I".
How to call someone STUPID, SMART, or CRAZY in English How to call someone STUPID, SMART, or CRAZY in English
4 years ago En
You don't have to be nice all the time! Improve your vocabulary and learn how to insult someone creatively in this video. I'll teach you expressions to talk about how smart someone is too, so it isn't all negative. English is very creative when it comes to insults and praise. In this lesson we'll look at some interesting ways to say someone is dumb as well as ways to say someone is smart or just plain crazy. Hopefully, you're not out to lunch on this lesson, but are rather on the ball. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-call-someone-stupid-smart-or-crazy-in-english/ AFTER YOU TAKE THE QUIZ, PRACTICE BY CALLING YOUR FRIEND STUPID IN ENGLISH. TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a little bit special and a little bit... You have to be careful with it, so I want to give you a little bit of a warning before we even start because I'm going to show you some ways to say: "crazy" and "stupid". I'm going to show you expressions that we use to talk about a person who's a little bit crazy or you think is stupid without actually using the words: "crazy" or "stupid". Now, on the other hand, I'm also going to show you some ways to say a person is very smart or sharp. Now, "sharp" generally means smart, but it could also mean very aware or very in control of a situation. Now, all of these expressions, they're very creative and you can play with them a lot. I'm going to show you basics and then show you how to expand on them, and I want you to understand them because they are very common, and especially if you're watching TV shows or movies... And I get a lot of students say to me: "I can understand all the English, but I don't know what they're saying on... In the movies." Well, the thing you have to remember, in the movies, their audience, their target audience is native English speakers, which means they can use slang, and they can use idioms, and they can use all kinds of cultural expressions that a non-native speaker, that someone who's learning English simply won't understand until it is explained to him or her. So that's what we're going to do here. So we're going to start with "crazy" and "stupid" expressions, and then we're going to look at "smart" and "sharp" expressions. Okay? Now, a very common expression... And the reason I'm starting with this is because you can be very creative with this one. You are... "__________ short/shy of __________". A person is something short of something, or shy of something. Now, before I continue, "shy". Everybody knows "shy" means, you know, you get nervous when you talk to strangers or your face gets red. Shy, "to be shy of" means to have less than complete. Okay? So there's a new meaning of the word "shy" for you. And if... Those of you taking an English test, this is a good word to use in your essay. Keep that in mind. So let's look at a few examples. "A few cards short of a full deck." So, a full deck of cards has-what?-I think 52 cards, so this person only has 45, so he's not playing a complete game. It means something a little bit missing, so either crazy or stupid-okay?-without actually saying those words, but everybody will understand. Now, this ex-... This structure you can use anything you want on either end, and people get very creative. Some... "That person is a few sandwiches short of a picnic." You can't have a picnic if you don't have all the sandwiches there, so a little bit not 100%. Right? Oh, that's another expression, to say: "He is not 100%." It means something a little bit missing. "A few beers short of a 6-pack.", "A few French fries short of a Happy Meal." The list goes on and on and on and on. You can hear all kinds, just remember this part of it and you'll understand what's going on. Now, other expressions: "He's not playing with a full deck." So, basically the same meaning as this, but just a different construct. "Oh, that guy's not playing with a full deck. Be careful about him." Means he's a little bit crazy, he's not 100%. Another expression, and this is, again, we use it with these two: "sharpest" and "brightest". Now, "sharp" generally means smart, "bright" also means smart. So if somebody is bright, clever; somebody is sharp, clever. But if somebody is "not the sharpest knife in the drawer", it means he's not very sharp, he's actually quite blunt so he's a little bit stupid. If somebody is "not the brightest star in the sky", same meaning, not very smart, a little bit stupid. Okay? Other ways: "The lights are on, but nobody's home." So eyes are open, he's alive and seeing everything, but nobody's home, nothing's going on inside the brain. "A person is out to lunch", so the body is here but the brain is outside having lunch somewhere, so not present. You can also say the person "has a loose screw", or "has a few loose screws", means not everything's tight and working properly.
Learn 8 KICK Phrasal Verbs in English: "kick back", "kick out", "kick up"... Learn 8 KICK Phrasal Verbs in English: "kick back", "kick out", "kick up"...
4 years ago En
Let's kick off this lesson with an explanation of phrasal verbs, then move on to different phrasals using the verb KICK. In this lesson you will discover the meanings of kick in, kick off, kick around, kick back, kick out, kick about, kick up, and kick over. Phrasal verbs are an important part of English vocabulary, so watch and learn these eight 'kick' phrasal verbs. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/kick-phrasal-verbs/ WATCH NEXT: 1. Phrasal Verbs with 'step': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wr79lNqR8WA 2. Phrasal Verbs with 'take': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrXt9yrZryg 3. Phrasal Verbs with 'carry': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6gsxYI8TXo TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at another set of phrasal verbs. Now, just as a reminder: What is a phrasal verb? A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and a preposition: "in", "on", "at", "off", etc. and the combination usually makes other meanings than the two words themselves. Now, some phrasal verbs obviously have more than one meaning, so we're going to look at the different meanings with the verb "kick". For example: "kick in", "kick back", "kick out", "kick off", "kick about" or "kick around", "kick up", and "kick over". Now, some of these will have more than one meaning, some will just have the one meaning. Some of these can also be joined to make a noun, and we're going to look at that as well. So we're going to start with "kick in". A few meanings to "kick in". The more literal one, like takes the verb "kick" means to kick with your leg, so if you kick something in, you're breaking it with your feet. So the most common example is, like, police, they go into... They want to go into an apartment or a house and arrest somebody, so they kick in the door. They just break the door and they go in. We can also say: "kick down" for the same meaning. They kick down the door or they kick in the door, so physically break with your feet. Another meaning of "kick" is basically take effect. This is especially used when we're talking about drugs, when we're taking a pill. So the doctor gave you a pill, maybe you have a really bad headache and you take a Tylenol or an Advil, or Aspirin or whatever, and it doesn't work right away. It takes a little time for the pill to kick in. So basically to take effect, to start working. So another meaning is start... But usually a process. Start a process. So, now, we can also use this in other situations. For example, a policy. So the government decided to increase taxes, but they don't do it suddenly. Okay? Because a lot of people will not be ready for it, it will cause a lot of problems. So they say: "Okay, starting in six months, we have a new policy where the tax will go up by 1%." So this policy will kick in on September 1st, for example, whenever that six months down the road is. So, "kick in" start or go into effect. Okay? Now, we can also use "kick in" to contribute. So, we're going to have an office party. Janice, the accountant, has a birthday and everybody wants to, you know, show her... Show their appreciation for her hard work, so everybody's going to kick in five bucks, and we collect all this money and we create a party for Janice. Okay? So, "kick in" basically means give, contribute to a pool. So those are all the "kick ins". Now, "kick back". First of all, there's the literal one where you kick back. Right? So, to relax. -"So what are you doing this weekend?" -"Oh, nothing, just kicking back." It means I'm sitting at home with my feet up on a table, and I'm just relaxing, doing nothing. Another meaning of "kick back" is payment, is a type of payment, but usually it means a bribe. Okay? A bribe means you're paying somebody to do something for you. The most common example that I can think of is doctors and pharmaceutical companies, the companies that make the drugs. So the doctor, all his patients come in and he says: "Oh, you need this prescription. Here you go, go buy the pills. Here, you need this prescription." They don't need it. Sometimes they do, sometimes they don't, but some doctors just prescribe medicine for everybody for everything. Why? Because the pharmacy, the pharmaceutical company gives the doctor a "kickback". So this can be a noun as well. A "kickback" or "kickbacks". Okay? It's a noun, it basically means a bribe, a payment for doing them a favour. Okay? So, to relax or to pay sort of underneath as a gift, as a bribe. "To kick out", okay? "To kick out" could be physical, means you take somebody and you kick them out the door. So if you go to a club and you're not behaving very nicely, the bouncer, the big guys standing at the door, they will take you and they will kick you out. They will throw you out of the club. But it doesn't have to be physical.
10 English words that are hard to say correctly 10 English words that are hard to say correctly
4 years ago En
Did you know that 'ths' can sound like a 'z'? Or that 'tt' can sound like 'd'? In this lesson, we look at ways to pronounce some common vocabulary that English learners often find difficult or confusing. Beyond the ten words we cover in the video, I'll share my pronunciation methods, so you can apply the techniques seen here to learn other difficult words. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-english-words-that-are-hard-to-say-correctly/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a pronunciation lesson. I'm going to talk to you about 10 words that many people find very difficult to pronounce, especially non-native English speakers, but even sometimes native speakers have some trouble with some of these. We're going to look at the first five and I'm going to show you two things, two ways to look at this word. One... Or these words. One is the phonetic, basically just: How does it sound? And two is looking at the actual phonetic alphabet to see how it's spelled according to the phonetic alphabet, and I'll talk to you about that as well. So we're going to look at: "months", "clothes", "little", "queue", "chaos". So you already heard me saying them, but I'll go through each one carefully. A lot of people try to pronounce the "th" in this word: "months", "months", you're just confusing your tongue, you're confusing your listener. Don't try to always put "ths", they don't always work. Even native speakers don't bother trying to separate the sounds. What... The way it sounds like to us, like the way I say it is: "muntz". The "ths" I just switch to a "tz". So if you think about the word "plants", you know... Everybody knows how to say "plant", one plant, many plants, this is the same sound as here: "tz". So this is the same sound here: "mun", like "sun", "run", "munt", "muntz". Okay? Again, don't try to separate them. This is what it looks like in the phonetic. Now, if you want to really improve your pronunciation and sound like a native speaker, you must learn the International Phonetic Alphabet. I took this phonetic spelling from the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary, that's the American dictionary if you want to get the North American accent. Look at the Oxford Dictionary, for example, if you want to get the British phonetic spelling of things, if you want to get the different accents, etc. Get to know these symbols. This is like an "ah" or sometimes even an "uh", as we're going to see in other words. Make sure you understand the different symbols and what sounds they represent, that way any word that you want to pronounce correctly, you can do according to this. Now, you can also go online: m-w . com or just www . Merriam-Webster . com, you can hear all of these words and you can practice saying them and saying them correctly. Now, this word, and it's the same idea. You still have your "t", "h", and "s", but you have the "e", the extra vowel in the middle. A lot of people try to say: "clothes", but if you say "clothes" to a native speaker... Okay, usually the context will help them understand what you're saying, but if you say the word out of context they actually won't know what you're saying because we don't have a word "clothes". Okay? It sounds like "cloze". Close the door, wear clothes, sounds exactly the same. And again, the phonetic with be "o" there, "k", and the "z". We don't have the "th" because we don't pronounce it. So most words that have a "th" and an "s" very close together, we generally just basically squeeze them in into a "ts" sound or a "z" sound. Okay? "Clothes". So when... After you take the clothes out of the closet, close the door. Okay? Clothes. "Little". Now, some people try to say "little", which is okay. Everybody will understand you if you say "little", but most people in, again, native... Native speakers in everyday sound, everyday speech, everyday pace will say: "lidol". I have a little bit. Little bit. So it sounds like a "d", the "tt" sounds like a "d". This "i" is almost not pronounced. It's more like the "d" drops into the "l". This is what it looks like here, that's where the "t" drops. They put it as a "t", but when you have two t's together and in normal speed, it sounds like a "d", so: "lidle". Some people say: "I have a little bit", some people will say: "I have a lidle bit." Little. Okay? Now, this word, this word is very frightening because everybody who doesn't actually know this word will actually try to pronounce it. But you have to remember English is a crazy language. We have many words that don't sound anything like they look. Okay? So this is not "queue", nobody says "queue", because nobody will understand what you're saying. This word basically means "q" or is pronounced-sorry-"q". It means a line up. When you go to the bank and you go to the teller, but there's a lot of people, get in queue and wait until your turn.
10 English Idioms from Technology 10 English Idioms from Technology
4 years ago En
Does your language have idioms that come from technology? We use technology in so many parts of our daily life, so it's natural that many English expressions have come from this field. Learn these idioms to make your English sound more fluent and natural. This lesson has all the bells and whistles. If you don't know what that means yet, there's no need to hit the panic button -- I'll show you what makes this English tick. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-technology/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at idioms, but idioms from the world of technology, so very specific idioms. I'm going to give you ten of them. I got five here and we'll have five more coming in a moment. Now, before I begin, what is an idiom? An idiom is an expression or a collection of words that the words themselves don't necessarily mean what the expression combined means. Right? So you have the words and you know all the words, but when they're put together in this expression the meaning could be completely different. So all of these come from technology because they started about an actual technological tool, or piece of equipment, or innovation and we took this expression and we applied it to other things. So we're going to start with: "grease the wheels". Now, if you think about machines, they have these kinds of wheels, they're called gears or sometimes they're called cogs, the cogs... A cog in the machine. And a machine might have many of these wheels, and the wheels sort of work together. Now, the machines are most... Sorry, the wheels are mostly made from metal. And if you know from experience probably, if metal touches metal too much it heats up. Now, if it gets too hot then the two wheels will seize on top of each other. They will seize, it means they will catch each other and stop working. So, to prevent that seizure we put grease on the wheels. Grease is like a thick oil. Right? You put it all around, you make everything sort of lubricated... Okay? Oops. Lubricate means you make it so it doesn't heat up and doesn't create friction. Lots of new words for you, here. Friction is that heat that comes from the touching each other too much. So grease the wheels so they don't touch, but how do we use this idiom in everyday life? Well, if you think about bureaucracy, like government, you need to get a permit to change something in your building, for example. Now, in some countries to get this permit will take you months. You have to go to this office and sign the paperwork, take this paperwork to that office, get it stamped, take it to that office, back and forth - you can be spending months and doing lots of work just to get a simple permit. So, what you might do, you'll go to your politician friend and, you know, ask him to, if he can grease the wheels a little bit, make the process easier. You'll give him a little bit of cash, he'll give you all the stamps you need, you'll get your permit in a week, you build your building, everybody's happy. "Grease the wheels". So most commonly it's used to basically mean like a bribe, but it doesn't have to be a bribe. It could just ask somebody to make things a little bit easier, make a process a little bit smoother. Okay? "Bells and whistles", ding, ding, ding. [Whistles] Right? So bells and whistles. If you're talking about bells and whistles on something, you're talking about all the features, especially you're talking about the cool, the good features. Right? So if you buy a car, you go to the dealership and you say to the guy: "I want this car with all the bells and whistles", it means I want every feature that's available; I want the stereo, I want the air conditioning, I want the automatic, I want the GPS, the mirror, the rear-view camera. I want everything that is available put into this car. I want all the bells and whistles. Okay? So basically all of the good stuff. If you go to an appliance store, you want the machine that has the most bells and whistles, the most cool features that you can put on it. Again, this is from old time, industrial machines worked on steam, so the steam created the whistle and then the bells for when a protest was done, etc. "Hit the panic button", so in a factory that has a lot of machinery, if somebody gets caught in the machine, like let's say your shirt gets caught in the belt and you start getting dragged, all over the factory there's a button that you can press it and all the machines stop. That's called the panic button. Okay? So, when there's a dangerous situation or emergency, you just hit the panic button, everything shuts down, you go save your friend from the machine. We use this in everyday conversation. Basically we say: "Don't hit the panic button just yet", maybe, or: "He hit the panic button." It basically means to panic, to be really nervous, really scared, really worried about something.
MATH & GEOMETRY Vocabulary and Terminology in English MATH & GEOMETRY Vocabulary and Terminology in English
4 years ago En
Do you need to speak about or understand mathematics or geometry in English? This lesson teaches you all the terminology you need to translate your mathematics knowledge into English. This video will be especially important for students who are studying in an English-speaking country, and for professionals who need to work with English speakers. I'll also explain the correct sentence structures we use to talk about common mathematical operations in English. For example: "One plus one equals two", "one and one is two", "if you add one and one, you get two", and many more. This lesson covers terminology about: operations (+ - * /), fractions, decimals, exponents, roots, shapes, measurements, angles, triangles, and much more. Don't let English stand in the way of your mathematics! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/math-geometry-vocabulary-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video I'm going to look at some math. Now, I know this is an English site, don't worry, I'm not actually going to do any math. Philosophy and English major, so math not my favourite, but I will give you some math terminology, words that you need if you're going to do math. Now, a lot of you might be engineers or you might be students who came from another country to an English-speaking country, and you go to math class and you know the math, but you're not sure of the wording. Okay? So this is what we're looking at, terminology, only the words that you need to go into a math class or to do some math on your own. Okay? We're going to start with the very basics. You know all these functions already. I'm just going to give you some ways to talk about them, and then we'll move on to some other functions and other parts. So, you know the four basic functions: "addition", "subtraction", "multiplication", and "division". What you need to know is ways to say an equation. Right? You know an equation. "1 + 1 = 2", that's an equation. "x2 + y3 = znth", that's also an equation which I'm not even going to get into. So, let's start with addition. The way to talk about addition. You can say: "1 plus 1", "plus", of course is "+" symbol, that's the plus symbol. "1 plus 1 equals 2." 2 means the total, is also called the "sum". Now, you can also say: "The sum of 1 and 1 is 2." You can also just say, without this part: "1 and 1 is 2." So you don't need the plus, you don't need the equal; you can use "and" and "is", but it means the same thing. Everybody will understand you're making... You're doing addition. Sorry. Doing addition, not making. If you add 1 and 1, you get 2. Okay? So: "add" and "get", other words you can use to express the equation. Now, if you're doing math problems, math problems are word problems. I know a lot of you have a hard time understanding the question because of the words, so different ways to look at these functions using different words, different verbs especially. If we look at subtraction: "10 minus 5 equals 5". "5", the answer is also called the "difference". For addition it's the "sum", for subtraction it's "difference". "10, subtract 5 gives you 5." Or: "10 deduct"-means take away-"5", we can also say: "Take 5 away"... Oh, I forgot a word here. Sorry. "Take 5 away from 10, you get", okay? "10 subtract 5", you can say: "gives you 5", sorry, I had to think about that. Math, not my specialty. So: "Take 5 away from 5, you get 5", "Take 5 away from 5, you're left with", "left with" means what remains. Okay, so again, different ways to say the exact same thing. So if you see different math problems in different language you can understand what they're saying. Okay? Multiplication. "5 times 5", that's: "5 times 5 equals 25". "25" is the "product", the answer to the multiplication, the product. "5 multiplied by 5", don't forget the "by". "5 multiplied by 5 is 25", "is", "gives you", "gets", etc. Then we go to division. "9 divided by 3 equals 3", "3", the answer is called the "quotient". This is a "q". I don't have a very pretty "q", but it's a "q". "Quotient". Okay? "3 goes into... 3 goes into 9 three times", so you can reverse the order of the equation. Here, when... In addition, subtraction, multiplication... Well, actually addition and multiplication you can reverse the order and it says the same thing. Here you have to reverse the order: "goes into" as opposed to "divided by", so pay attention to the prepositions as well. Gives you... Sorry. "3 goes into 9 three times", there's your answer. "10 divided by 4", now, sometimes you get an uneven number. So: "10 divided by 4" gives you 2 with a remainder of 2, so: "2 remainder 2". Sometimes it'll be "2R2", you might see it like that. Okay? So these are the basic functions you have to look at. Now we're going to get into a little bit more complicated math things. We're going to look at fractions, exponents, we're going to look at some geometry issues, things like that.
Real English for staying at a HOTEL Real English for staying at a HOTEL
4 years ago En
Want to stay at a hotel in an English-speaking country? Even if it's another country, you may have to speak English at a hotel, because it's the international language of travel. In this video, I'll teach you everything you need to know. You'll learn about the services that hotels here offer, and how to make the most of your stay. I'll teach you sentences you can use to ask for anything you want at a hotel. I'll also teach you the titles of the people that you'll be speaking with. Find out what free services your hotel offers, so you can get value for your money, and also know which services you have to pay for, so you don't spend more than you want to. Learn all the vocabulary and expressions you need here, so you don't need to worry about your English next time you're on vacation or a business trip. All in all, I designed this video to make sure your next stay in a hotel will be an enjoyable one. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-for-staying-at-a-hotel/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video I'm going to walk you through your stay at a hotel in an English-speaking country. You need to know some vocabulary, you need to know some of the staff you're going to be dealing with, some of the services and amenities, and all of that stuff. So it's a lot of vocabulary, but a lot of things that you probably need to know before you get to the hotel. So, the first thing we're going to look at is the staff. Who works at a hotel? So, first of all, in some of the more fancy hotels, the more up... High-scale hotels, you're going to have a "doorman". He or she, mostly he, will open and close the door for you, that's why: doorman. Very... Now, I know you're not supposed to say "man", you're supposed to say "doorperson", but in hotels I don't think anybody really cares; we still say "doorman" because mostly it's a man working there. Now, if you drove there, there might be a "valet". A "valet" is a person who will take your car and park it for you. You give him or her the keys, they drive away, park your car. When you're ready to leave, they bring your car to the front of the hotel, you get in, drive off. There's also the "housekeeping" or the "maid". You can call it either one. "Housekeeping" is the same thing as "maid". These days "housekeeping" is a little bit more common than "maid", but they clean your room, bring you fresh towels, etc. The "porter". The porter will probably be standing outside in front of the hotel. When you pull up in your taxi or your car, he will come, take your bags inside to the front desk. And this person is also like a little bit of a man Friday we call it. He will run around and get things done for you if you need. If you need tickets, he'll go pick them up. If you need some chores run, he'll take your coat to the laundry, all these things. So basically he's a person who runs around doing tasks for the guests. Okay? A "bellhop" will take your luggage from the reception to your room. So you don't have to carry your own bags; that's what the bellhop does. Takes your bags, when you're ready to leave he will come to your room, take your bags downstairs for you. The "concierge". So, the concierge is the person who works in a hotel, and this is the person you go to if you need to arrange outings outside the hotel. If you want a restaurant reservation, if you want tickets to the theatre, sports games, anything you want to do outside the hotel, this person will probably help you organize these things, like tours, he or she or the area will have brochures and information about all the sites in the area, all the tourist attractions, etc. So, "concierge". The "g" sounds like the "s" in "measure". Okay? It's a bit of a French sound. Basically it's customer service. And again, in high-scale hotels, they do a bit more services for you, but most hotels have a concierge. Now, when you walk into the hotel you will go to the "front desk" or you will go to the "reception" or you will go to the "check-in desk", all the same thing. All of them are located in the lobby of the hotel. So the entrance, the main area of the front of the hotel, you just go to the front desk, you check in. You go to the check-in desk, you go to the reception, all the same thing. Now, if you're in your room and you don't want the maid to come and clean up, don't forget to put that "Do Not Disturb" tag on your door. Okay? We call this a tag. It's a piece of paper, you put it outside your door, housekeeping will not disturb you. They will not knock on your door. Now, basically hotel has "rooms" and "suites". What is the difference? Name only. Most hotels like to call their rooms suites, but if you want to get a little bit more technical, a suite should be bigger. Many suites have a kitchenette. A kitchenette is like a half kitchen. It's not a full-size kitchen, it's not fully equipped. Probably no big stove or dishwasher, things like that, but enough that you can make small meals, snacks, etc.
Bored or Boring? Learn about -ED and -ING adjectives in English Bored or Boring? Learn about -ED and -ING adjectives in English
4 years ago En Ru
Does grammar make you feel "bored" or "boring"? In this video we'll study the difference between "-ed" and "-ing" adjectives and how to use them correctly. I hope I can get you excited about grammar, because it can be interesting when you understand it! This is a great lesson for beginners to learn. But advanced English learners should also make sure they don't make this common mistake! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/ed-ing-adjectives-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to engVid. I'm Adam. In today's video I want to talk to you about a particular type of adjective that many people often confuse, especially beginners, but this is also good for intermediate, even advanced students. We're talking about the "ed" and the "ing" adjectives. Okay? So, for example: "bored" and "boring", "interested" and "interesting". Now, the reason it's important to know the difference between these is because what you say about yourself sometimes, how you describe things can be very confusing to a native speaker especially, but to other people as well if you mix these two up. Now, what does it mean to be bored and what does it mean to be boring? When we talk about "bored", we're describing a feeling. Okay? When we talk about "interested", we're describing a feeling. So all of the "ed" adjectives are actually feelings, and you can only use them to talk about people and sometimes animals. Why? Because things, like chairs, or tables, or whatever, they don't have feelings. A movie, a book doesn't have feelings. TV shows, for example, movies, books, whatever, they cause a feeling in a person. So the "ing" adjectives cause the feeling. The "ed" adjectives are the feeling. Okay? So very important. Only people and animals for the "ed", and for the "ing" you can use people, animals, things, situations, places, ideas, basically any noun because you're describing them. You're describing how they make people feel. So now you're wondering: "Well, I have people here and I have people here, so how can I use 'boring' for people and for... And 'bored' for people?" Sorry. So what we have here, again, feeling and cause of feeling. So if you say: "I'm bored" means that I'm not having fun, I want to go do something else. If I say: "I am boring" means you're not having fun and want to go do something else. So if I am boring means that you are bored. If the movie is boring, then I am bored. Okay? So one thing-the "ing"-causes the feeling-"ed"-in the person. Very important to understand that. So: "I am bored by the movie which is boring. I am interested in this lesson because this lesson is very interesting." Right? "I'm excited, something is exciting." So, for example, I'm excited to go see the concert because this artist is very exciting, this singer or whatever. "I am worried", now people don't realize that "worried" can have "worrying" as another adjective. "The situation is worrying" means the situation is making me feel worried. Okay? Maybe the whole global political situation, whatever. Now, hopefully none of you are confused by this lesson because I'm trying to make it not confusing. Okay? Everybody okay with that? So very important to understand all these nouns can use "ing" because they're creating the feeling, all these adjectives can only be used for people, again, sometimes animals. A dog sees... Sees you coming home after a long day, gets very excited. Its, you know, tail wagging in the back. Dogs don't usually get bored, they just go to sleep. So, animals sometimes. Now, I just want to point out one other thing: Don't confuse feeling adjectives with "ed" with actual feelings. Okay? If somebody is loved, does he feel loved? Maybe yes, maybe no. We're not talking about that person's feelings. "Hated", "envied", these are all feeling words, but these are all verbs. Okay? "He is loved" means somebody loves him or her. "She is loved.", "This person is hated." But we can also use these about things. Okay? "The company is hated." So some companies they do not such nice things or maybe they go to a poor country and use very cheap labour, so this company is hated. So people hate this company. So keep in mind that these are feeling words, but used as verbs; whereas these are other verbs used as adjectives. Okay? Very important to distinguish between these words. I hope this was clear enough. One more thing to say, there's a very long list of these kinds of adjectives, you can just Google them if you need to or you can even ask me in the forum at www.engvid.com. There's a place you can ask questions, feel free to ask me about other examples of these. But there's also a quiz at www.engvid.com where I'll give you more examples of these kinds of adjectives, and you can practice using them in sentences. Make sure you understand the context: "Is somebody feeling this? Is something causing this?" etc. Also, give me a like if you like this video, and don't forget to subscribe to my channel.
This simple word can make you sound more like a native speaker of English! This simple word can make you sound more like a native speaker of English!
4 years ago En
You may have noticed that native English speakers shorten words when they talk quickly. I know that "somuvyu" (some of  you) have a hard time hearing and bridging the preposition "of" when listening or speaking in English. After watching this lesson, "oloyu" (all of you) will have a much easier time understanding this dropped sound. This video will also help you improve your pronunciation and sound more like a native English speaker! https://www.engvid.com/how-to-say-the-word-of-like-a-native-english-speaker/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam, and in today's video I'm going to help you sound a little bit more like a native English speaker and also to be able to understand native English speakers when they speak. What I'm talking about more specifically is how to pronounce the preposition "of". Now, I said: "off", although we almost never say "off". The "f" hardly ever sounds like "f". It sounds like a "v" when it's pronounced, but even more often we just drop it altogether and just have an "a" sound or even just like a small apostrophe sound, like almost no sound at all between the "of" and the word that comes after it. Okay? So most of the time it sounds like: "a" or "ov" with a "v" sound, not an "f" sound. Now, they're very similar in the mouth where the lips and the tongue are, but we'll practice that. So, what really depends on how to use it is what follows the "f", what the next word starts with. Right? If it's followed by a hard consonant, like a "t", or a "p", or a "d", or a "k" or whatever, then we generally don't drop too much, but we leave the "of" or we have the "a". So: "A lot of people" we say in native speed: "a lot 'people", "a lot 'people". So you can either hear the "a" sound: "a lot a" or "a lot 'people", like you drop into the "p", "'people", "a lot 'people". Okay? Sometimes we can also just add the "v", so you can pronounce the "a" very hard... Or, sorry, with "time", "a lotatime", "a lot 'time" could be, again, the apostrophe, almost no sound or the "a" sound, 'or we could just use the "of": "a lot ov time", "a lot of time". Okay? Notice, also, that the last consonant goes into the vowel. "A lotatime", "a lotatime", "tatime". "A lot ov", "a lot ov time", "a lotovtime". Okay? So this is with the hard consonants. Now, when it's followed by a "th", so when we... For example, when we have "them", most native speakers will just drop the "th" altogether and just say "em". Okay? So: "so ma them", "so ma 'em". So: "so ma them", "so ma vem" because the... We drop the "th" and we take the "v" of the "of". "Some of them", "so ma vem", "so ma vem", "so ma vem", "some of them". If you want to keep the "th", drop the "v". If you want to use the "v", drop the "th". But generally we don't have them together. "So ma them", "so ma vem". Okay? But when you have a word like "these", in "these" we don't generally drop the "th". This is common with "them", not common with other words. So, "so ma these" or "so mov these". You have the "v" or you have the "a", but you keep the "th" in "these". With "them" you can drop the "th"; with "these" you keep the "th". "Some of these", "so ma these". Okay? Now: "one of the best", so here, again, we have the "th". "One ov the best", notice if say "of" with a "v" not an "f". We never pronounce the "f" or hardly ever pronounce the "f". Okay. "One of the best", "wa na the best", drop the "f", drop the "v" and keep the "a". "Wa na", "one of", "wa na the best", and keep "the best". Or if you want to use the "v", you keep the "wa", "nov", make it like blend into the next word. The "n" goes into the "o", an ellipses it's called. "Wa nov the best". So you have the option "v" or "a". Now, this is especially important when you're listening to native English speakers speak at regular speed. Native speakers don't even think about the "f", it's automatically dropped. Sometimes they'll use the "v", sometimes they'll just use the "a". Be prepared to listen to both. Okay? Let's look at a few more examples. Okay, so now we're going to look at some other situations. For example, when "of" is followed by an "h". Now, again, for native speakers the "h" is a very weak sound so we... Quite often we just drop it. We just blend it into whatever came before and after. Right? So: "Some of whom", now, if I'm speaking slowly and I'm trying to enunciate every word, I would say: "Some of whom decided that..." But in normal speed, fast English: "so ma voom", "so ma voom". Right? The "a"... The "v" from the "of", there's the "o", there's the "v": "so ma voom", it blends together, and the "h" is there but it's very soft and very weak so you don't really even hear it. "So ma voom", "so ma voom". Like, it's a little bit of an extra step but it's not really there. You can almost drop it. "A lot of help", "a law to vhelp". Now, here you notice I didn't take it out because it's still there a little bit more.
Improve your Vocabulary: Foreign Words in English Improve your Vocabulary: Foreign Words in English
4 years ago En Ru
Are you an English guru? Well, then you must speak many languages because English uses words from all over the world. In this lesson, you'll be hit by a tsunami of new words like "kaput", "faux pas", and "prima donna". Though they may have started out in another language, these words have now become an accepted part of English vocabulary. English is always evolving, lending, and borrowing terms from other languages. Watch to learn more about this, and don't forget to do the quiz at the end at https://www.engvid.com/foreign-words-in-english/ ! I'm really gung ho about this one! TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to learn non-English words. You're thinking surprised because this is an English video lesson, it's supposed to be about English, but in English we tend to borrow a lot of words from other languages. We keep them as they are, we even keep their meanings more or less, but we like to apply them to many areas. So there's a lot of words. These are just a... This is just a sample of the foreign words that we use regularly in English. Some of them have been changed to apply to other things besides the original meaning of the word. So... Excuse me. First, let's start with the actual words: "tsunami", this is Japanese. "Gung ho" is Chinese. "Pro bono", Latin. "Quid pro quo", also Latin. "Prima donna", Italian. "Je ne sais qua", French. "D�j� vu", French. "Faux pas", French. "Du jour", French. "Kaput", German. And "guru" is actually Sanskrit. Okay. So, first I'm going to explain to you what the words mean, where they came from, and what they mean originally, and then how we use them in English. So we'll start with "tsunami". "Tsunami" basically means harbour wave. So, in Japan after an earthquake, sometimes... They have a lot of earthquakes, but sometimes they get a tsunami. It's basically a big wave. So the ocean after the earthquake sends a big wave and it covers the land. There was a big one a few years ago, a lot of damage. But we use this, again, to mean the same thing. Whenever there's a tsunami, whenever there's a big wave after an earthquake, but we also use it to talk about anything that's large and sudden. So, for example, the whole world is facing a refuge situation now. A lot of people from... Moving from all parts of the world to other parts of the world, and the countries that are receiving these refuges, they are facing a tsunami of refuges. So it's like a big wave of people. Okay? So whenever you have a big, sudden, wave or whatever, a big, sudden situation or a big, sudden change coming at you, you can call... You can refer to it like a tsunami. Okay? "Gung ho". So, "gung ho" basically means very enthusiastic. In Chinese it means basically part of a team or teamwork, but in... The way we use it in English, if we say: "That person is really gung ho", it means he's really enthusiastic, really eager, really wants to work hard. So, if I work at a company and a new employee comes in... And I've been at this company a long time, you know, I'm settled, everything, I do my work, I go home. But this guy comes in and he's so gung ho that everybody's a little bit worried because he's making us look bad. He's too gung ho. He's too energetic, too enthusiastic. It's a... So it's a very good word for that. Anytime you're ready to do something, you can do it gung ho or you can do it casual. "Pro bono", basically this means free. So I'm going to actually write this because these are a little bit long to write. Free. If... So, you see a lot of doctors. A lot of doctors or lawyers when they start their business or when they're very successful and they can afford it, they do a lot of pro bono work. Means they'll go provide legal advice to somebody who can't afford it, or they'll do medical assistance to people who can't afford it. For example, they'll go around the world to poor countries and they'll help children especially with medical situations, etc. So anything... Anytime somebody does something for free, like but professional, like work and they do it for free, it's pro bono work. "Quid pro quo", something for something. We also have an idiom: "If you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours." Okay? It means: You do something for me, I'll do something for you. But when we exchange favours... For example, if I do something, some professional work for you because I'm a lawyer, I will give you some legal advice; you're a designer, you will design my website. I don't pay you money, I pay you with legal service; you pay me with your design work. Quid pro quo. I do something for you, you do something for me. And this is also a very common expression. Okay, so now we're going to move to the Italian: "prima donna". Now, "prima" means first, "donna" means lady, so it's the first lady.
Advanced English Grammar: Participles Advanced English Grammar: Participles
4 years ago En
Using participles correctly will dramatically improve the quality of your English writing. If you're learning English for university, IELTS, TOEFL, or for your career, this advanced writing lesson is for you! You will learn to analyze sentences so that you can understand them fully and write your own. Often, English learners are unsure of whether an "-ing" word is an adjective or an adverb. In this lesson, you'll learn how the participle "having" includes the subject, verb, and conjunction. I'll show you many example sentences, and you can practice what you've learned on our quiz at https://www.engvid.com/advanced-english-grammar-participles/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to look at participles. Now, this is a little bit more advanced grammar, but it's very useful and it's used in everyday speaking, but especially for writing and reading because you're going to see participles everywhere. What participles do is they help you get sentence variety, they help you make your sentences shorter, if necessary, they give you a little bit of style. Okay? There are two participles that we need to look at, they are called the active or passive participle. Sometimes you'll see them as present or past participle. Past participles, you're familiar with. Sometimes they're called the verb three, so: "eat", past tense "ate", past participle is "eaten". Right? So that's the participle. Now, especially with the "ing" you have to be careful because "ing" words, although they are verbs with "ing", they can be pretty much anything. They could be a gerund, as you know, so they're nouns; they could be part of the continuous verb, so "be going", so: "I am going", it's a continuous action; but "ing" words can also be adjectives and adverbs. When they are adjectives and adverbs they are actually participles. So it's very important to recognize them and know how to use them. So what I want to do first is I want to look at the adjective participles. Now, what you have to remember about adjective participles, they are... They are reduced adjective clauses. You know an adjective clause, it's meant to modify a noun. It identifies it or gives extra information about a noun. A participle, an adjective participle is that adjective clause minus the subject and the verb. Okay? But we're going to look at that in a second. So let's look at this sentence first. Oh, sorry, let me... I made a little mistake here. "Dressed in his class-A uniform, the marine looked like a recruitment poster." So this is the passive or the past participle ending in "ed", it's a regular verb, so: "dressed". "Dressed in his class-A uniform". Now, if I rearrange the sentence, really, it says: "The marine, who was dressed in his class-A uniform, looked like a recruitment poster." Okay? Like a poster that wants people to join the marines, etc. But I can take that adjective clause, I get rid of the "who was" or "who is", depending on the tense. Get rid of that, and I'm left with a participle phrase. Now, I can take that participle phrase and move it to the beginning of the sentence, just like I have here. The key when you're using participles at the beginning... A participle phrase at the beginning of a sentence, you must make sure that the subject, which is not there but it is understood: who was, who is the marine, so the marine who was dressed in his class-A, and then the subject of the independent clause must be the same subject. Okay? We're going to look at a couple more examples. "Standing near the window, Marie could see the entire village." Look at the other example: "Standing near the window, the entire village was in view." Now, many people will look at both sentences and think: "Yeah, okay, I understand them. They're both correct." This sentence is incorrect. Why? Because the subject here is "the village". Can the village stand near the window? No, it can't. So: "Standing near the window" means Marie. "Marie, who was standing near the window, could see the entire village." This subject cannot do this action, so you have to make sure that the implied or the understood subject in the participle is the exact same as the subject of the independent clause that follows it. Okay? That's very, very important. So now what we're going to do, I'm going to look at a few more examples and I want to show you that you can start the sentence with a participle phrase, but you can also leave it in the middle of the sentence. Okay? Let's look at that. Okay, let's look at these examples now and you'll see the different positions the participles can take. And again, we're talking about participle phrases for the most part. "The jazz musician, known for his tendency to daydream, got into a zone and played for an hour straight." Okay? So what we're doing here, we're giving you a little bit more information about the musician. We're not identifying him. We're giving you extra information, which is why we have the commas.
10 "STEP" Phrasal Verbs in English: step up, step down, step in... 10 "STEP" Phrasal Verbs in English: step up, step down, step in...
4 years ago En
Learn these 10 phrasal verbs that are used in school, at work, and in everyday life. You'll learn expressions using the word "step" to talk about taking responsibility, doing things faster, taking a break, becoming a leader, leaving a job, and more. Step up to the plate and learn phrasal verbs -- they will make your English conversations much more interesting. You'll also be able to understand more of what native speakers say in person and in movies. After the lesson, take a step back, review what you have learned, and test yourself on the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-step-phrasal-verbs-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's lesson we're going to look at phrasal verbs using the verb "step". Now, first of all, what you need to understand, again, phrasal verbs are verbs plus prepositions that have different meanings. And the verb "step" is a bit tricky because we use "step" as a noun as well, and we often combine it with prepositions, and the preposition and noun combination can be completely different from the verb and preposition combination. So we're going to look... Have to look at both of these when we look at these combinations with prepositions. So we're going to look at: "step down", "step up", "step in", "step inside", "step around", "step out", "step on", "step back", "step aside", "step forward". Let's start with "down". So, "step down". So, before I start with any of them, what is "step"? So a step is when you take your one foot forward. Right? You're taking one step. Or if you're climbing the stairs, you take one, two, three steps, four steps, five steps. It's one foot in front of the other. That's the basic meaning of "step". "Step down". So, of course, I can step down off the table if I'm standing on a table or whatever. There's always the literal meaning, but "step down" can also mean resign. Okay? Resign means quit. So, for example, if I'm the president of the company and I think that the company is not doing very well and everybody's very angry because the company's not doing well, they want to get somebody new as the president in my position. Finally I say: "Okay, you know what? I will step down and let the new guy come in." Now, we're going to see that again in "step aside", but "step down" basically means resign, give up the position. Now, if we're looking at the verb: "a step down". If we're looking at this as a... Sorry. As a noun, not a verb, "a step down" means a lower position, or a lower value, or a lower rank. Okay? So right now I live in a five-bedroom house, it's a very big house, very, very expensive, but my financial situation is not so good, so I had to sell that house and buy a two-bedroom condominium. Now, for many people a two-bedroom condominium is very nice, but for somebody who has had a five-bedroom house, a condominium is a step down in position, in stature, etc. Right? So a step down means a lower level or a lower rank. "To step down", "to resign", okay. Now, "step up" same idea. If we're looking at the noun, "a step up" is the opposite, it's an increase in position. So I went from my two-bedroom condominium to a three-bedroom house. That's a big step up in terms of social situations, social rank, depending on who you ask of course. But "to step up", okay? As a verb. "To step up" means to face the challenge. Of course, it literal means to step up. Okay? But to step up to the challenge means somebody has to come forward, show the courage, and do what is needed to overcome an obstacle or to overcome a challenge. So think about sports. Okay? You have your favourite team and they're in the playoffs and they're losing, so you... All the people say: "Well, the star players, the best players need to step up." They need to, like, show up, be courageous, face the challenge and do what is necessary to win. Okay? So, "to step up". Now, another expression we have... This is a very common expression: "Step up to the plate". Now, "the plate" comes from baseball. Okay? You... The batter comes in, there's the home plate and there's the pitcher, you step up to the plate and you're ready to hit the ball. Right? So if we say somebody needs to step up to the plate that means somebody needs to face the challenge, face the difficult situation and take care of it basically. Okay, "step up". Okay. "Step in", now, again, I can step in a room. Just one step. I'm not moving all the way in. I'm just taking one step, that's the literal meaning. To... The other meaning is to get involved. Okay? So I see my brother and sister, they're both fighting and they're not stopping, and I say: "Stop, stop", and nobody's stopping so finally I have to step in, I have to get involved, I have to separate them. So, if somebody needs to step in they need to get involved, or they need to interfere, or they need to stop something from happening. They need to be part of the situation.
Learn Real English: Let's go on a road trip! Learn Real English: Let's go on a road trip!
4 years ago En
Want to drive in an English speaking country? In today's lesson we're going on a road trip! I'll teach you vocabulary and expressions you should know if you're a driver or if you are interested in driving. In North America and Europe there is an entire culture of driving and road trips. I'll talk about these special driving vacations, who goes on them, and what kinds of vehicles you'll see on the road. I've gone on many road trips, so I'll recommend the tools and supplies you should have with you. I'll also share my advice and warnings so you can save money and have a safe and enjoyable trip. Ready? Let's hit the road! https://www.engvid.com/learn-real-english-road-trip/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today we're going to talk about taking a road trip. Okay? Because this is a very popular activity in Canada and in the US, and I'm thinking in Europe as well, and probably Australia. Big countries where people like to drive, they like to go on road trips, means it's a long trip, you're driving everywhere, staying at hotels, maybe camping out in the woods, all these things. But a lot of things you need to do to prepare and a lot of things you need to know about what to expect on a road trip. Okay? So, first, you're going to have to have some tools with you, you're going to have to have some gear we also call it. You're going to make sure you're prepared for anything. Okay? Always have a tire gauge. A tire gauge basically measures the air pressure in your tires. You're measuring PSI, pounds per square inch. You want to make sure your tires are full, you want to make sure that you're getting the best mileage out of your car. And you also don't forget your spare tire, the one in the trunk, or underneath, or wherever your spare tire is. Make sure that it is also full, because you don't want to be in the middle of nowhere, have a flat tire, and then you go try to put on your spare and it's also flat. What do you do then, right? Then you have to hike to get a tow truck from somewhere. Just in case, though, take a pump, like a pump to fill air. If you can take a manual pump, you can take an electric pump. Be prepared for flat tires - they do happen. Also make sure you have a survival kit. If you do get stuck in the middle of nowhere and nobody's going to be coming for a long time, and the next town is far away and you can't really walk to it, you want to be able to survive out wherever you are until a car does pass by. What you want to have, you want to have some flares. A "flare" means it's something you light and it makes this big, big light. You put it on the road, people can see you from miles away. If somebody sees it, they will come help you. In the middle of the night if somebody is driving and your car is on the road, it's dead, no lights on, they won't see you until they hit you. This will make sure that they see you. You can also just have reflectors. So when a light from another car hits this thing, it becomes very bright, very easy to see. You should also have some edibles. Basically something to eat that won't go bad. Nothing that's fresh, only dry, like nuts, or vacuum-packed things so you always have food with you. Make sure you have a blanket, make sure you have a flashlight, make sure you have some water. If you're stranded, basically... "Stranded" means... One second. "Stranded" means left somewhere alone without any help coming anytime soon, so be ready for that. Also make sure you have a first aid kit. If you want to know what's in a first aid kit and how to use it, watch my other video about first aid. I talk about what should be in a kit, what you need to know for first aid. Probably a good idea to have a GPS, global positioning satellite. Okay? So you always know where you are, where you need to be. This will also make sure you don't get lost. And if you are lost, how to find your way back to civilization so you're not in the middle of the woods forever. Okay? So, make sure you have all these things before you hit the road. "Hit the road" basically means go drive, go for a drive, go on a road trip. So we say: "Okay, everybody's ready. Okay, let's hit the road. Let's go." So, on the road, what are you going to need to know on the road? First you need to know what HOV lanes - high-occupancy vehicles. So some... In some places that are very busy, usually in cities, the highways have one lane that is saved only for people with... Only for cars with two or more people in them. If you're by yourself and you're driving in this lane and a policeman catches... Or a police officer-sorry-catches you, that's a big ticket. Stay out of these lanes unless you have two or more people. In some places it will be three or more people. Okay? High-occupancy vehicles.