Learn English with Alex [engVid]
If you want to learn English, you've come to the right place. I have beginner, intermediate, and advanced lessons on a variety of subjects. Whether you want to improve your English vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, listening, writing, or speaking ability, you will find something to help you here. I also have lessons on English proficiency tests like IELTS and TOEFL. I hope you enjoy practicing your English with my channel! Regarding myself, I have been an English as a Second Language teacher since 2007, and I've taught a variety of age groups and nationalities. I currently teach in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. If you never want to miss a lesson, subscribe to the channel, and check me out on Facebook and Twitter. Thanks for studying with engVid!

133 videos
30 “TAKE” Phrases in English 30 “TAKE” Phrases in English
1 month ago En
You will want to take your time with this lesson. Learning 30 TAKE phrases isn’t easy, but it’s not impossible. Study with Alex and become more comfortable with these common English phrases and expressions. Here are some of the TAKE phrases included in this video: take a break, take a walk, take a photo, take a look, take a risk, take turns, take place, take your time, take back, take a load off, take it easy, take a bite, take a sip, and many more! When you’re finished studying, make sure you take the quiz to test your understanding at https://www.engvid.com/30-take-phrases-in-english/
10 Phrasal Verbs for everyday life 10 Phrasal Verbs for everyday life
2 months ago En
What’s the difference between ‘put back’ and ‘put away’? Is there any difference between ‘put out’ and ‘take out’? Check out this practical English lesson and learn 10 of the most common phrasal verbs that you can use around your house. In addition to the basics like turn on, turn off, turn up, turn down, you’ll learn the two most common uses of pick up, and see over 35 real-life examples! Are you ready? Press play, and don’t forget to do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-phrasal-verbs-for-everyday-life/ once you’ve mastered the material.
Improve your Academic Writing: PASSIVE PREPOSITIONAL VERBS (also great for IELTS & TOEFL!) Improve your Academic Writing: PASSIVE PREPOSITIONAL VERBS (also great for IELTS & TOEFL!)
3 months ago En
Learn expressions you can use to strengthen your academic essays. Whether you’re a high school student, an IELTS or TOEFL candidate, or an English language student, this lesson is guaranteed to boost your writing skills and to provide you with tools that will impress professors and make you fit in with any academic discussion. Learn passive prepositional verbs such as: be aimed at, be associated with, be based on, be regarded as, be defined as, be derived from, be divided into, be prejudiced against, and more. This is an advanced, but practical academic English writing lesson. Watch, learn, and your writing WILL improve. Once you have mastered the content, be sure to test your knowledge by completing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/improve-your-academic-writing-passive-prepositional-verbs/, then USE the knowledge you have acquired in your daily written work. TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this academic writing lesson. So, today I will be giving you some very practical skills, practical tools, practical expressions, words, phrases that you can use in your academic writing. So, this might prove useful if you're a high school student, a university student, college student, if you are someone who is writing an IELTS exam or a TOEFL exam, or any type of academic work. So, I'm going to tell you the name... Technical name of these tools that I'm going to give you today in a bit. First, I just want to start teaching you guys, and after the first six, I'll let you know on a little secret. Okay. "Let you in on the little secret", that's the phrase. So, first we have: "be aimed at". Let's just stay with me. Let's read the example, and you'll start noticing a pattern. So: "The advertisement was aimed at males between the ages of 18 to 34." So, here you're saying the advertisement-the ad, the promotion-was targeted at... Aimed at males between 18 to 34. So, if you aim an advertisement, this means you try to put your focus of the advertisement on a specific group of people, a specific demographic. So, you have, you know, males between the ages of 18 to 34, so this is probably a beer commercial or a video game commercial maybe. Next, we have the expression: "to be associated with something or someone". So, if you are associated with something or someone, this means you have a connection to something or someone. So, for example: "Drinking milk is often associated with strong bones." So this is, you know, what research says or what advertisers want us to believe. This could be an argument that you're making in a paper. So: "Drinking milk is often associated with strong bones" or with having strong bones; has a connection with it. Next: "to be based on something". Now, this is when you're using, you know, some sort of facts to establish a theory. So, "to be based on". "The study was based on 10 years of close observation." So, this means that the study, the origin of the study, the facts from 10 years, you know, that's what we used to base this study on; to do this study. The next phrase I want you to remember is: "to be regarded as" or "to be seen as something or someone". So, example: "Albert Einstein is regarded as the premier theoretical physicist of the 20th century." So, this means people see Einstein as, you know, the premier physicist... Theoretical physicist of the 20th century. They regard him... They hold him in a high position in their minds. So, people say this. You can use this phrase to talk about not just people, but events. Okay? Like, the Olympics, World Cup, World War II. You know, what was it regarded as? What were these things seen as by people? How did people see them? "Be defined as" - to give a definition. Right? So: "Darkness is defined as the absence of light." If you're a high school student, this type of structure is okay to use. Many teachers say: "Don't tell me Webster's Dictionary defines this as blank." But, you know, if you're a high school student, you're just learning essays. It's important to define your terms; to give definitions, so: "Darkness is defined as the absence of light." I will be using this definition in my paper. And, finally, here: "be derived from". If something is derived from something else, it means it comes from that thing; it originates from that thing. So, for example: "Some medicines are derived from herbs." They are taken from, they come from those herbs. Okay? Now, we've looked at six of these. What do you see that they all have in common? Okay, they all have: "be", "be", "be", "be", "be"; they all have a past participle verb: "be aimed", "be associated", "be based"; and they all have a preposition. Now, these are known as passive prepositional verbs. Okay? So, now that we've looked at the first six of passive prepositional verbs, we're going to look at another six. […]
Improve your English: 20 ways to say ‘goodbye’ Improve your English: 20 ways to say ‘goodbye’
4 months ago En
It's so hard to say goodbye, especially if you only know one way to do it. If you want to expand your conversation skills, or if you just want to be able to identify some common English sentences for ending a conversation or meeting, this is the video for you. Learn sentences like "I gotta run," "Take it easy," "Have a good one," "Catch ya later," "Take care," and many more to increase your English vocabulary and conversation skills. Do you think you've got it? Make sure to test your knowledge by completing the quiz at the end of the video at https://www.engvid.com/20-ways-to-say-goodbye-in-english/ 'Til next time, enjoy the rest of your day. TRANSCRIPT Goodbye, Ruby Tuesday, something, something, something - I can't sing. Yeah. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "20 Ways to Say Goodbye in English". So, I will give you some set phrases that you can use in your daily conversations. I will also tell you some of the more natural pronunciations of these phrases and these questions so that you are able to recognize them in television shows, and in movies, on the news, YouTube videos - anything else, and you're able to use them yourself to sound more natural in English. So, let's start with the basics. We have: "Goodbye", and the shorter version: "Bye". Okay. Easy, right? We're done. See ya. I said: "20", right? Yeah, I did, so let's keep going. So, another way to say: "Goodbye" or a way of, you know, saying: "Goodbye" - I just repeated the same thing, but ignore it. Let's keep going. "See you" or "See you later". Instead of "you", you can also just say: "ya". Okay? So, repeat after me: "See ya. See ya later. See ya later." It's kind of like: "See ya". "See ya later". All right. And you also have - hey, a specific time of day or a specific... A specific period in time in the future, so you can say: "See ya tomorrow", "See ya Saturday", "See you at the party", "See you at the funeral". It's a weird thing to say to someone, but you know, whatever. All right? Here's another one, a little more relaxed way to say: "Goodbye" - "All right, see ya tomorrow. Take it easy." This means, like: "Don't stress. Relax." Okay? Just take it easy. So, you can say this as a goodbye to someone. Repeat after me: "Take it easy." All right. And if you want to be very polite, of course, you can wish someone a good day, so you can just say: "Have a good day." This is especially useful if you work in the service industry. So, if you work at a grocery store as a cashier or at a bank, or if you're talking to someone on the phone, and you end a conversation and you say: "All right, bye. Have a good day." Or below that, two below that: "Have a nice day." And instead of saying: "Have a good day" or "Have a nice day", you can also use this phrase, which is: "Have a good one", and this means: "Have a good day"; the "one" means day. So, let's repeat that one after me. This one is, again, a little more casual, so just repeat it; you can use it in everyday situations: "Have a good one." And for: "Have a nice day", for any of your professional wrestling fans... That's a silly question because most people who are wrestling fans do not want to tell anyone else that they are wrestling fans, so... But in the 1990s there was a professional wrestler named Mankind, also known as Mick Foley, and one of his phrases that he said and he'd say it in like a weird way, he would say: "Have a nice day!" So, there's that. Don't say it that way, but just look up: "Mankind, 'Have a nice day'." I think it's also the name of the book that he wrote about his career after. Sorry, you want to learn other phrases now. Right? Forget the last 30 seconds and professional wrestling discussion. All right, you can also say, instead of: "See ya later", you can say: "Catch ya later". So, here I wrote: "Catch you later", so let's do the formal version first. "Catch you later." Ah, it just sounds weird because I never say that. "Catch you later." You have to say it quickly, and you kind of say: "Catch ya", right? "Hey, catch ya later." You're not even really saying, like: "Catch ya"; you're saying, like: "Catcha", okay? So: "Hey, catcha later." Okay? But let's say the "catch ya", too. Let's say that version, too. Let's practice. "Catch ya later." Okay? So, you "catch" like: "Oh, I caught a ball." It's like you're going to catch the person later; like, you will see each other later; you will catch each other. It's a metaphor; it doesn't really work in this situation. And if you want to be, like, super cool and you don't want to bother with a lot of words because you're so minimalistic, and you're an artist, man, you're an artist, you just want to say: -"Hey, later." -"Later, what?" Just it's a word; doesn't mean anything by itself. "No, no, no. Later." Okay? So you can just say: "Later." All right? Instead of: "See you later" or "Catch ya later" - it's possible just to say: "Later. Goodbye." All right. […]
Improve Your Vocabulary: Adverbs of Intensity Improve Your Vocabulary: Adverbs of Intensity
5 months ago En
Are you tired of using the same old adverbs – very, really, so, a little...? In this lesson, learn to expand your vocabulary with a wide range of adverbs that will add complexity and nuance to your speech. Study with me and learn adverbs like somewhat, utterly, totally, completely, thoroughly, quite, slightly, a bit, and plenty of others. Learn and laugh with this intense English lesson! I guarantee you’ll be thoroughly satisfied. Take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/improve-your-vocabulary-adverbs-of-intensity/ Next, watch these other vocabulary lessons I've done: 1. 20 Intransitive Phrasal Verbs in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGsLrtjfE_M&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=7 2. Permanent Plurals in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1TplKXtV-90&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=12 TRANSCRIPT Whoa, you are way too intense, buddy. Woo. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on adverbs of intensity or adverbs of degree. So, are you tired of constantly saying: "I'm very tired", "I'm so tired", "I'm really tired", "I'm a little tired", and that's it; you only have four adverbs you use again and again? Well, this lesson is going to fix that problem. I am going to give you a ton of different options that you can use to, for example, modify your adjectives, your adverbs, and even your verbs. Okay? So we're going to go all the way from: "ehh..." to "kind of intense", to "pretty intense", to "OH MY GOD SO INTENSE!" Okay? So, let's start on this side with: "ehh..." Okay? So, here we have: "a little", which I think most people learn as, like, their first adverb of degree to talk about something that's, you know, kind of there, kind of not. "A little". "A bit" is another word that you can say, instead of "a little". Or: "slightly". Okay? So, for example: "I'm a little hungry. Yeah, I'm a bit tired. Yeah, it's slightly cold in here." Okay? So: "a little", "a bit", "slightly". This is just poquito. Okay? I only know it in Spanish. Or troche in Polish. That's all I know. Un puh en Fran�ais. Okay? Teach me the other words in your languages in the comments. Okay? So, next: "kind of intense". So, you can say: "fairly", like: "I'm fairly sure they're going to win". "rather": "I'm rather certain", okay? "somewhat", so: "Mm, it was somewhat boring". "moderately": "They played moderately well". "considerably": "This movie was considerably better than the last movie." Okay? "nearly": "I nearly fell" or "I nearly died" if you want to, you know, use something that's a bit more idiomatic and not literal. "kind of": "I mean, I'm kind of excited, I guess." Okay? "sort of". "kind of", "sort of" - same group of words. I have a video on "kind of" and "sort of" that you can check out. It means a little; not really. Okay? So: "kind of", "sort of". "Yeah, I mean it was sort of okay, I guess." Okay? And: "noticeably": "The movie was noticeably better than I remember." Okay? Next: "pretty intense". We have: "awfully", "pretty", "really", "so", "very", "mostly", and "quite". Okay? So, let's use some examples. These are just examples that come to my mind, which should let you know that these are very, very common combinations that we use with these adverbs. So: "It was awfully hot yesterday." All right? "I'm pretty sure that's right. I'm pretty sure that's incorrect". "really": "They played really terribly." Okay? Or: "They played really... They played really well.", "They played so poorly.", "They played very elegantly", maybe. Maybe not "elegantly", but, you know: "very tired", "very hungry". "very" you can use with everything pretty much. Okay? "mostly": "We're mostly finished this chart; mostly done." Okay? Mostly good. "quite": "It was quite good.", "I'm quite certain that this video is going to improve your English." "OH MY GOD SO INTENSE!" So hot. Okay? Ready, Totoro? Yeah. Okay. So, we have: "completely" which is like 100%. Okay? So: "They got completely destroyed", if you're talking about sports and one team destroyed the other team 10-nothing in a game of, I don't know, soccer, or hockey, or baseball. "totally": "It was totally worth it." Okay? "thoroughly": "Huh, I am thoroughly impressed. You cleaned your room very well. Thoroughly impressed." So, "thoroughly" is another way to say: in all areas, completely, totally. Okay? "thoroughly". "Thoroughly impressed; satisfied". "absolutely": "It was absolutely magical." Okay? Like, the original Lord of the Rings trilogy was absolutely magical. I went to a Lord of the Rings concert recently, which for me, was absolutely magical. Okay? "perfectly": "I am perfectly satisfied. I'm perfectly happy". "extremely": "It was extremely cold." Okay? "utterly": "It was utterly awful." Okay? So, all of these are basically synonyms for the word "completely". If you want the 100% translated definition, I recommend checking out something like a Google Translate... […]
20 ways to give advice in English 20 ways to give advice in English
6 months ago En
Do you only rely on “should” and “have to” when giving advice or making suggestions in English? If you’re ready to add variety to your vocabulary and your English conversations, this is exactly the video for you. Not only do I cover the basics such as should, ought to, had better, and others, but I also teach informal ways to give advice such as “You’re gonna wanna,” “Have you thought about,” “You might wanna consider,” and many more. This is a great lesson for advanced English learners who want to sound fluent and natural when speaking English. Test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/20-ways-to-give-advice-in-english/ If you liked this video, I'm sure you'll like these other videos I've done, so why not watch them now and take your learning further? 1. 30 Phrasal Verb Commands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7_QXVcvcfQ&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=13 2. 4 types of 'HOW' questions in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T_ro9075G2Q&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=21 TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on twenty ways to give advice in English. This lesson is intended for intermediate-level English learners, so some of the things I will review in this lesson, specifically the modals section, I will expect that you're already familiar with these words-okay?-and their usages. If you're not familiar with the modals that I give you today, we have a lot of lessons on engVid that discuss: "have to", "had better", "must", "should", etc. So, check out those lessons and become more familiar with modals. However, I'm expecting that you are already familiar with them for this category. You noticed I said: "category", because I have four cate-... Four? Four categories on the board, here. So, we have modals, we have conditionals, we have formal verbs, and we have casual expressions. So, you are probably familiar with the modals, maybe the conditionals, and for sure you've seen, like: "suggest", "recommend", etc., but this casual section is probably new for quite a few of you. But let's not get too far, and start from the beginning. So, first: Modals. You have a wide variety to choose from when you're giving advice in English. We'll start from the top: "You have to..." So, if you are telling someone that they have to do something, this is an obligation. Okay? They don't have a choice. So: "I lost my passport. Oh my goodness. What do I do?" You can say: "Okay, you have to go to the passport office" or "You have to get a new one." Okay? This is my advice to you. It's your obligation to do this. "You had better..." Okay? So: -"Okay, I lost my passport." -"You'd better go to the passport office" or "You'd better report that to the police", maybe if it was stolen by someone and you saw the person running. So: "You'd better..." as a reminder, this means, you know, it's a strong advice and there will be negative consequences if you don't follow this action. All right, so we have: "You should..." and "You ought to..." These are in the same family. Right? So, these are, like, well, advice: "I think it's a good idea for you to do this". -"I always feel tired." -"You should sleep more." -"I always feel tired." -"Okay, well, you ought to eat better." Okay? Or: "Tell me what you're eating. You ought to eat better. You should eat better." When you are speaking: "You ought to", you can also say: "You oughta". So, repeat after me: "You oughta". "You oughta sleep more." Good. All right? And then: "You could..." So, "You could..." means: "Well, this is an option." I'm not saying you should, I'm not saying you have to. I'm saying: "Hey. Have you considered this option?" That's over there. We'll talk about that later, too. So: "You could..." means, like, this is a possibility. This is an option. Like: -"Ah, I don't know what to get from the lunch menu." -"I don't know. Like, what do you feel like?" -"I don't know. Like something that has protein." -"Okay, well, you could get the steak, or you could get a hamburger, or you could get something else with protein." So you're giving them options. You're advising them of what is possible. Modals, we're okay? So many of you are like: "Alex, I... I don't know what's going on." Check out the other modal videos. Next, let's go to conditionals. So, let's start with the most common, like, advice conditional where you say: "If I were you..." I am not you; that is impossible. Maybe in the future that's something that is possible, but for now it's not possible. So, you're using the second conditional in most of these. So: "If I were you, I'd"... "I'd" means "I would". So, second conditional you always have the past form of a verb. So, here you have: "If I were you, I would do something." It's like: -"Uh-oh. I think I lost my wallet." -"Well, if I were you, I would retrace your steps". "To retrace your steps" means to go back and follow your steps; where you went before. Right? […]
Advanced English Vocabulary: Compound Adjectives Advanced English Vocabulary: Compound Adjectives
6 months ago En
This is a mind-altering lesson that will change the way you look at how adjectives are constructed. Only hard-working English students should dare enter. If you’re ready to play with language and get creative, click the play button and learn some of the most advanced and complex vocabulary there is. This lesson covers more than twenty multi-word adjectives, including fun-loving, good-looking, well-developed, full-time, foul-smelling, blonde-haired, three-legged, two-liter, and plenty more. Enter if you dare, and make sure to test your new knowledge by completing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/advanced-english-vocabulary-compound-adjectives/ when you’re done. Next, watch these other advanced English lessons I've done: 1. Advanced English Homophones: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qc_uzraKOIU&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=20 2. Cause & Effect Power Verbs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaBCiio8XZs&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=5 Sign up for a free Audible trial at https://www.engvid.com/out/audiblealex ! TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on multi-word adjectives. So, this is an advanced lesson, where I will give you a ton of examples of multi-word adjectives and the contexts in which you can use them, as well as the structure... the grammatical structure, the grammatical pieces and parts of speech you need to form your own, you know, multi-word adjectives. Now, what's tricky about these is that you can't just take any words and mash them together. Unfortunately, you know, some words have gone together better than others. So, it is kind of an issue of memorizing things, but you can try to get creative. And after you watch the video, if you know any other multi-word adjectives or if you want to experiment with the language and try to create your own, you can ask me in the comments or write me in the comments, and let me know if you, you know, want to ask me if it's a multi-word adjective that exists or maybe it's something that's just fun and funny. So, if you can make me laugh, that's even better. All right, so let's begin. What is a "multi-word adjective"? I think it's best if we just start looking at them and look at the examples, and you'll see what I mean. So, the first way... I say first, but really any of these could be first. The first way I have listed on the board is you can have an adverb, add an "ed" participle or an "ed" adjective to create a new word; a new adjective. So, for example, you can create words, like: "well-developed", "fully-trained", "highly-skilled". Okay? So, a well-developed app or a well-developed program. So, remember: Adjectives are words which describe things. So, ideally, after these adjectives you should have some kind of noun. So, what are some things that could be well-developed? So, a well-developed app, a well-developed game, a well-developed program. Okay? "Fully-trained", so a fully-trained marine, a fully-trained police officer; someone who has received full training and is an expert in their field. Okay? "Highly-skilled" - someone who has a high degree of skill in their area. So, you can be a highly-skilled detective, or a highly-skilled doctor, a highly-skilled surgeon, a highly-skilled... Whatever profession you can think of that requires a high degree of skill. Next, you can take an adverb, add an "ing" participle or "ing" adjective. And you have words, like: "hard-working", "fast-acting", "well-paying". So, a hard-working person, a fast-acting pain reliever or a fast-acting medication. So, if you have pain and you take medicine, and the medicine acts very quickly... Maybe in two minutes: "Oh, it works." It's a fast-acting medication. Okay? "Well-paying", so you can have a well-paying job; the company pays you well; the job is well-paying. You can also... Hey, you can also use "well-paid". So, if the company pays you, you can say, you know: "I am well-paid for my work. I have a well-paying job." Okay? Next: You can have a noun plus "ed" participle. You notice the pattern, right? You see: "ed", "ing", "ed", "ing", "ed", "ing", "ed", "noun"... That's later. So, a noun plus "ed" participle. For example: "money-related", "self-created", "steel-enforced". So, if you can... If you say, for example, you know: "The country is experiencing some financial problems. They are having some money-related issues." Or maybe a city is having some crime-related problems. Or: "Hmm, this is an age-related issue" - an issue related to age or a problem related to money; something like that. "Self-created", so, you know, all your problems are self-created. So, if you create problems for yourself, you are, you know, self-creating problems, so your problems are self-created. "Steel-enforced", so maybe this is at a prison that has very heavy security, and the walls are enforced with steel, so, you know, you cannot really break through them because they are enforced with steel. […]
Learn 50 “MAKE” Phrases in English! Learn 50 “MAKE” Phrases in English!
7 months ago En
Want to learn common phrases with MAKE to improve your vocabulary and speaking skills? This lesson will definitely make a difference. In it, you will learn FIFTY common phrases that use MAKE! Some examples include: make a mistake, make an observation, make an exception, make your dreams come true, make believe, make friends, make progress, make a promise, make up your mind, and many more. Once you have watched the video, make sure to check out the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/50-make-expressions-in-english/ for more practice! If you found this lesson helpful, watch these next: 1. 20 Passive 'GET' Expressions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzLbKEomlCI&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=16 2. 20 intransitive PHRASAL VERBS in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGsLrtjfE_M&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=7 TRANSCRIPT If it makes you happy, it can't be that bad. If it makes you... You know the song. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on fifty common "make" phrases. So, in this video I am going to teach you fifty phrases with the verb "make". We will start with some of the common, easy ones, not really idiomatic, just common stuff, like: "make breakfast, lunch, dinner", etc. and then we will move on to some more idiomatic phrases in the second part of the video, so make sure you stick around for that as well. So, let's not waste any time and we'll start with this part of the board. At the top, like I mentioned, you can "make breakfast". So, in the morning when you wake up, you make yourself a sandwich, or maybe you make a pizza for breakfast. I never do. Maybe you do. I don't know. You can also "make lunch", "make dinner". Basically, you can make a meal. Anything with, you know, breakfast, lunch, dinner - the three main meals of the day, you can make them. So, this is like cooking, or baking, or creating. You can also make different foods, so "make a pizza", "make a sandwich", "make a snack", "make a cake". So, you are putting these things together, creating them, creating a pizza. You know, you have the cheese and the dough, and the pepperoni and the sauce, and you put it together, so you can make all of these things. All right? You're putting them together. Now, next is an expression: "make up your mind". So, if you tell someone: "Make up your mind", it means that they cannot make a decision, so you want them to make up their mind; or, like I said, make a decision. Okay? So, stop going this way and that way with your mind and your options: -"Oh, I don't know. Do I want the pizza or do I want the pasta? I don't know. I don't know." -"Make up your mind." Okay? So, make a decision. Commit. Commit to a decision. Next: "make fun of someone". This is not a polite thing to do; some would call it bullying. Most people would call it bullying actually. If you make fun of someone, you are making a joke about that person. Maybe they have a characteristic, a feature that you think is funny, like maybe they have bigger ears than you, so you say: "Haha. Look, it's Dumbo." Like, you are making fun of them. Dumbo is a Disney elephant with big ears. So, yeah, don't make fun of people, unless it's your family or friends and then it's fine - usually, unless they don't like it. Ask my sisters. I don't know. I don't know if they liked it. So, next: "make a difference". So, if something makes a difference, it has a significant effect or a significant impact. A person can make a difference. You know, an idea can make a difference. Something that causes change in life. "Make a joke" - similar to "make fun of someone", you can make a joke. I have many joke videos on my channel, so one of the jokes I gave you guys was: "Why was six afraid of seven? Because seven ate nine." I just made a joke. If it's a good joke or a bad joke, that's up to you to decide. Next: "make a call" or "make a phone call". So, this is what you tell people when, you know, you want to leave a conversation maybe: "Sorry, I need to make a call. Yeah". So, if you need to call someone on your phone, you can say: "I need to make a phone call. I need to make a call." Or: "I need to call." I just want you to know that "make a call" is also possible. "Make a promise". So, you can promise someone that you are going to do something, or you can also say you made a promise to this person or you are going to make a promise to this person. Okay, next. These two are sometimes confused, so let me tell you the difference between a "reservation" and an "appointment". You can "make a reservation", you can "make an appointment". Number one, you can make a reservation at a restaurant or a hotel, for example. So, when you think of reservations, think of something you have to, like, secure or you have to save your spot. Right? So, you can make a reservation at a restaurant. […]
5 English grammar myths you need to stop believing RIGHT NOW 5 English grammar myths you need to stop believing RIGHT NOW
8 months ago En
Can you ever start a sentence with “but” or “and”? Are double negatives always wrong? And is it really a rule that you can never split an infinitive? In this class, unlearn what you have learned in your English classes and see that there’s a difference between a rule and a guideline, and that in most of the cases mentioned, you’re free to forget the rule entirely. Study these 5 English grammar myths and be the life of the party at your next gathering of friends by being the person who starts a conversation with “Hey, did you know that you can actually end a sentence with a preposition?” After watching this grammar lesson, don’t forget to check your understanding by completing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/5-english-grammar-myths/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 English Grammar Myths". So, these are five things that, if you went to an English-speaking high school, college, university, elementary school - you probably heard at some point from an English teacher or someone else, or your friends who heard it from an English teacher. So, today we are going to break down some of those things that you were told, and we will unlearn what you have learned. So, let's begin with number one. Never start a sentence with "But" or "And", or other coordinating conjunctions you can extend this to. But why not? Or what? There are numerous examples in popular literature and even Holy Scripture where this rule is broken again and again and again. For example, in the story, The Emperor's New Clothes by Hans C.A. (Christian Andersen): "But the emperor has nothing at all!" Here you have a story by Francis Bacon in Of Death: "And what are you reading, Miss?" And, here, in the King James Bible: "Injustice, poverty, slavery, ignorance - these may be cured by reform or revolution. But men do not live only by fighting evils." So, as you can see, it is totally possible and it's unrealistic to expect people, especially in conversation, not to start sentences with "But" or "And" sometimes. Okay? It's a decent guideline for essay writing, but for speech, and for writing fiction and literature, it's... It just... It just doesn't happen. All right. Number two: Don't end a sentence with a preposition. Now, a "preposition" is a word like: "at", "on", "in", "for", "by", "with", "against", and it shows a relationship of time or place between words. So, ideally, I think whoever came up with this myth thinks that, you know, you need another word after the preposition to show the relationship between the words. For example: "I'm excited about your birthday party", "I'm interested in music/video games", so you need something after that "in", you need something after that "about"; you can't just leave it just dangling at the end of a sentence. Or can you? Let's look at some sentences where we do this all the time. So: "There's something I'd like to talk to you about." How about: "What kind of music do you listen to"? "To what kind of music do you listen?" - that's ridiculous. "What kind of music do you listen to"? "Which school do you go to?" I think you can see, here, that: "This is a rule you should be cautious of", you should be wary of, and maybe this is a rule you shouldn't care about. So let's continue to number three. Double negatives are always wrong. Now, I kind of agree and I'm on board with the idea that we need to be careful when we use double negatives; the problem is when we say that they are always wrong. Now, in this case, if you have a phrase, a sentence, like: "I don't have nothing!" I agree; this is a bad sentence because it literally means: "I have something. I don't have nothing; I have something." So, if your meaning-your intended meaning-here, is that you have nothing, just say: "I have nothing." Okay? In that case, I agree, double negatives - not cool. However, you can use double negatives if you want to emphasize something, like: "I can't not help people." So, imagine in... Maybe in a comic book, you have a superhero and they have these powers, and they need to help people, so they say: "I can't not help; I must help." It really makes it that much stronger to have the double negative there. "We couldn't not pay attention." Maybe the talk was very captivating or maybe it was very loud, so you were forced to pay attention. "We couldn't not pay attention; we had to pay attention." Also, double negatives are very often used in pop culture, specifically pop music, like this song here: "Ain't no sunshine when she's gone", something. Those are the only words I know, and I can't even sing them very well, so I'm going to continue to number four. Never split infinitives - angry face. Now, for some reason, I guess people think that "to" plus base verb should always be together, and you cannot separate them because they're a compound unit of language that just sticks. […]
How to write professional emails in English How to write professional emails in English
8 months ago En
In this practical English writing lesson, you will learn some of the most common email phrases you can use to sound professional. If you work in any type of business environment, there’s a good chance that you use email on a regular basis. However, many people aren’t familiar or comfortable with the formality or informality of email communication. I will teach you a wide range of business email vocabulary, phrases, and sentences often used by native English speakers. Here are some examples: “as discussed”, “to follow up on our previous discussion”, “this is to inform you that...”, “Thanks for the update”, “Thanks for looking into that”, “Thanks for following up”, “I’ll get back to you”, “Keep me posted”, and many more. This is an essential lesson that will help you write like a professional in almost any workplace. Make sure you understand it by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-professional-emails-in-english/ Now it's time to continue improving your writing with these videos: 1. 15 cause and effect POWER VERBS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaBCiio8XZs&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=5 2. Infinitives of Purpose: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DPmjYD6Qi5I&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=9 TRANSCRIPT Oh, there's free cake in the staff room? Thanks for letting me know. See you there. Yeah, free cake. All right. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on writing a business or professional email in English. Now, this is useful for those of you who are just starting a corporate job, or if you are looking to work in an English environment where emails are constant. So, I use my email every day. I can tell you 100% that I have used all of these at one point or another in my emailing career, we'll say. So, I've sent thousands of emails, and I've used all of these. So, these are phrases that you can use in internal emails between yourself and your colleagues, or between yourself and someone who works with your company. So, maybe you know someone who is selling, you know, technology to your company, like printers or computers; maybe there's someone who supplies paper for your company and you have to interact with them, so you can use these phrases and expressions with them. All right? So, first we'll start with the greeting. We have: "Hello", "Hi", "Hey, Steve". Steve - these are all for Steve. So, you notice... If you're wondering: "Why didn't you put 'Dear'? Why didn't you put 'To whom it may concern'?" You could still use those. I guess it depends on your own personal comfort with formality. Having worked, like, you know, in Canada and exchanging emails with people in the United States, most people are comfortable with a "Hello" or a "Hi". Only use a "Hey" for someone you know. So, these are in level of formality. Of these three, "Hello" would be the most formal; "Hi" would be very neutral; and "Hey" is a very familiar, very informal, so only use this with people you know well or that you have a good professional relationship with. Next... All right, so one thing you might do in an email is to introduce a new topic or to inform someone of something; maybe not just one person, maybe a group of people, maybe a whole department. So, for example: "This is to inform you that..." Very general. So, maybe someone has received a promotion in your company. This is something you might see from your boss; or if you are a boss or a manager, you might send this to your team. "This is to inform you that", you know... Let's say Rosa; you have an employee named Rosa. "This is to inform you that Rosa has been promoted to the position of..." Okay? So you're giving information to your team. This one: "Just to let you know"... Now, this is very informal. So, only send this to people you know well, people within your company, maybe a friend in the company. So: "Just to let you know" is a much more informal, casual way that you can use in an email, instead of: "This is to inform you that..." Okay? So, for example: "Hey. Just to let you know, I'm not here on Friday. Please see me if you need anything from me before Friday." Okay? Also, you're introducing a topic, or informing your company, or someone of something, so: "Hey, Steve. Good news!", "Hey, Steve. Bad news.", "Hey, Steve. I've got good news.", "I've got bad news." Now, you notice, here, I used an exclamation after "Good news", you know, it's a good idea to make it seem exciting, so: "Good news! You know, I just got promoted." Okay? Or: "Good news! I'm getting a raise." Okay? Something like this. "Bad news. We're not getting pizza for free today.", "Bad news. I can't make lunch, sorry." Okay? "I can't make lunch." It doesn't mean you're creating lunch, you're making lunch; it means: "I can't go to lunch with you." Okay? So, you have: "This is to inform you that...", "Just to let you know...", "Good news!", "Bad news.", "I've got good news.", "I've got bad news." Okay? […]
Advanced English Lesson: Using ADJECTIVES as NOUNS Advanced English Lesson: Using ADJECTIVES as NOUNS
9 months ago En
Did you know that it's possible to turn adjectives into nouns? No, we're not talking about word families like "heat" and "hot." We're talking about discussing social groups like the elderly, the poor, the unemployed, the middle-class, and more. This is a useful lesson for those who are interested in debating or writing about social and political issues in English. Alex will also look at the use of this language in popular culture by discussing famous English books and movies which utilize the form and vocabulary taught in this lesson. Click on this video and become one of the enlightened, then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/adjectives-as-nouns/ TRANSCRIPT Oh, Little Red Riding Hood, you were one of the innocent. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on using adjectives as nouns. Now, this lesson is particularly useful if you are writing academic essays, or if you are writing academic or general essays for language tests, like the IELTS or the TOEFL. This terminology that you will learn today can be used to talk about social groups, you know, that all have something in common with one another. And to use an adjective as a noun, all you have to do is add "the" in front of the adjective. Now, this doesn't work for every single adjective. I mean, you could say: "The happy have happier lives than the sad", but "the happy" doesn't really describe a known social class, so I would stay away from that and try to stick to, you know, the stuff that you see here, when talking about different social classes. So, again, you can use this to refer to and categorize people by their social class or their condition in life. For example, if you want to talk about rich people, you can say: "the rich"; poor people: "the poor". So, for example, here's an essay question that you might see on something like the IELTS: "Should the rich be taxed more than the poor?" Okay? So: "Should the rich... Should rich people, you know, have more taxes than poor people?" Instead of saying: "poor people, rich people", you can say: "the rich, the poor". Now I'm going to give you some examples of very common ways... Some very common examples in which we use: "the" plus an adjective to discuss different social groups. So, here, we have: "the elderly". "The elderly" refers to people who are at an advanced age, or you can say: "older people". Okay? So, you know, the elderly need to be taken care of by society. "The unemployed" - people who do not have jobs. You know, it is difficult for the unemployed to make progress in life, for example. So, people who don't have work. "The mentally ill", so these are people who have mental health issues. The mentally ill do not receive enough support in society, or the mentally ill should have more support from governments, you know, financial backing and everything like this. You can also use this to talk about some groups from specific countries, so: "the English", "the Irish", "the French", "the Swedish". Okay? So, you can use it to talk about whole groups from another country. Not another country; just countries in general. "The homeless". All right? So, you can say, you know: "The government isn't doing enough to help the homeless", which refers to all homeless people. Okay? "The old" - similar to "the elderly", here. "The old"... The opposite of "old" is "the young". So, we can say: "Oh, young people today"... Or: "The young today need to have more responsibility." And I put: "the educated", "the uneducated" - people who are educated, people who are not educated. You can talk about both of these. And while I'm looking at these, I realized that I forgot to put a couple very, very important ones for you guys, so let me do that right now. Now, these three groups don't completely follow the rule I laid out at the start of this lesson. So, I said: Use "the" plus an adjective to categorize a social class. These three classes: "the working class", "the middle class", "the upper class" use the adjective plus the noun "class" to categorize them, so this is why I left it out of, you know, these ones because the rules are a little different; it follows a slightly different structure. But you can talk about, you know, "the working class" - those who have lower paid jobs; "the middle class" - those who have medium-paying jobs; and "the upper class", so basically the rich. You can use this a lot to talk about economics; the economic situations of different people in a country, in a society. Now I'm going to give you guys some pop culture examples of this, you know... Using adjectives as nouns. For example: "the dead". Look at this quote: "We are the dead." This is a very famous quote from the book 1984 and a song lyric by David Bowie. Those of you who don't know, 1984 is a dystopian novel by George Orwell in which a totalitarian government, you know, watches everything that their society does. […]
10 words you're not using correctly 10 words you're not using correctly
10 months ago En
When it comes to vocabulary, it's easy to mix things up. Does disinterested mean the same thing as uninterested? What's the meaning of enormity? Is enormousness actually a word? Check out this video to learn the meanings and differences between these words and others, including simplistic & simple, hung & hanged, bemused & amused, cliche & cliched, and more. Think you already know the meanings of these easily confused words? Try your luck with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-words-youre-not-using-correctly ! I guarantee it is anything but simplistic. Next, watch my lesson on the difference between WHO & WHOM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFbEfp31Lx4 TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on ten words you are probably not using correctly. So, just like the title says, I will look at ten words that most people think they know the meanings of, but really you might not. So, this video is intended for people whose first language is English or advanced speakers who are studying the language. Let's not waste any more time. Here we go with number one. "Bemused". "Bemused" means: Perplexed, puzzled, bewildered. Most people confuse it with the word "amused", so it does not mean amused. Sentence example: "The plot left me feeling bemused." If you watched a confusing movie, the plot was weird, strange, difficult to understand - it puzzled you, it perplexed you, it left you feeling bemused. Now, if you watch a comedy, that leaves you amused. All right. Let's continue to number two. "Cliché". This one usually comes down to pronunciation. So, "cliché" is actually a noun; it is not an adjective. The adjective version is "clichéd" with the little "d" at the end. So, you can say: "Hollywood blockbusters are full of clichés" - noun. But if you want to use the adjective: "His acceptance speech was so clichéd." All right? So, make sure: If you want to say something is or was clichéd, that you're using that "d" at the end; and if you want to say something is full of clichés, you're using the noun in that case. Let's move on to number three. "Disinterested". This means unbiased or not influenced by selfish motivation. It does not mean uninterested, as if you're not interested in something. For example: "Professional referees need to be disinterested." So, a hockey referee, a basketball referee, a football referee - they need to be disinterested; unbiased. Also think of a supreme court judge - they cannot have bias. We need a disinterested judge or a disinterested party; a mediator. And the use of "uninterested": "I'm uninterested in sports", if you're not interested in sports, for example. All right, here we go. Number four. "Enormity". This means extreme evil; not enormousness. Yes, "enormousness" is an actual word in the dictionary. For example: "We cannot accept the enormity of child labour!" The extreme evil of child labour. And here we have "enormousness": "The enormousness of the pyramids must be seen to be believed", not the "enormity". All right? The enormousness - the size. Let's move on to number five. "Fortuitous" - this means unplanned or coincidental. It does not mean lucky or fortunate. For example: "We ran into a fortuitous obstacle" - an unplanned problem; something you didn't plan for, and that was a coincidence when you were doing your project. And here we have "fortunate": "We were fortunate to qualify for the tax rebate." So, we were lucky or fortunate. Let's move on to number six. "Noisome". This means smelly. It doesn't mean noisy. For example: "The noisome fish market gave me a headache." So, I'm walking in the fish market, the smells are so strong, so powerful that I start not feeling well and I got a headache. Now, it is possible to say: "The noisy fish market gave me a headache", but here, the cause is the noise; the volume of the people talking, and selling, and buying in the fish market. So, remember: "noisome" - smell; "noisy" - hearing. Let's move on to number seven. "Nonplussed". This means stunned or bewildered; shocked, if you will. It does not mean unimpressed. It sounds like it would. "I am nonplussed" - not impressed. But it means I am stunned. Okay? So, for example: "The witnesses were nonplussed by the accident." They were stunned, bewildered by the accident. Or: "She was unimpressed by the play." So, if you're... You can be nonplussed by a play as well if it's very shocking, like "12 Angry Men" - excellent. You can feel nonplussed after that; there are some shocking, you know, revelations there. But you can also be unimpressed by a play or a performance. Whew, nonplussed. Let's continue with number eight. "Refute". This means to prove something to be false. It does not mean to allege or argue that something is false. It means to prove it without the shadow of a doubt. So: "The lawyer refuted the defendant's story." The lawyer proved that the defendant's story was a lie. Proved that it wasn't true. […]
Improve your Vocabulary: Adjectives & idioms for how people look Improve your Vocabulary: Adjectives & idioms for how people look
10 months ago En
Do you want to sound natural in English when talking about how people look? In this practical speaking and vocabulary lesson, I’ll teach you some common idiomatic sentences and adjectives used to discuss appearance. Learn the difference between looking chic, smart, dapper, sharp, and elegant. Tell someone that he looks like he just got hit by a truck! All this and more is covered in the video. Once you’ve mastered this vocabulary, you’ll be able to have some fun talking about your friends’ appearances, and you’ll gain speaking confidence by being familiar with these intermediate-level English words and sentences. Take the quiz for this lesson at: https://www.engvid.com/improve-your-vocabulary-adjectives-idioms-peoples-looks/ TRANSCRIPT I look like hell? You should see yourself. You have one eye. Steve. Okay, you go get dressed and I'll see you in a bit. Okay? Steve. Hey, you're looking good, though. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on commenting on people's appearance. So, in this video, I'm going to give you some expressions, most of which are idiomatic, and some adjectives that you can use to make positive and negative comments about people's appearance. Now, before we start, I want to say: For the negative expressions, the negative adjectives - use these with, you know, some discretion. Usually you only want to use these with people you know very well or if you want to joke around with your friends. So, you don't want to tell someone at work that they look like hell, if you don't know them very well. But if it's your best friend and you just want to joke with them a little bit, it's applicable then. Okay? All right, so let's begin with some positive expressions. So, you could say all of these things that are positive, and you start them with saying: "You look like..." You could say: "You look like a million bucks", like, just money. You look like money; like a million dollars. So, "bucks" just means "dollars". So, if someone looks very fancy or just great, you can say: "You look like a million bucks." Same with... This is self-explanatory: "You look like a movie star." Okay? So: "Yeah, you look like Russell Crowe or Keanu Reeves", if you think, you know, those guys are attractive and stuff. "You look like a supermodel." So, this is probably, you know, much more common if you're talking to a girl; a female. Please don't say this to strangers, guys. Be... Just be smart about it. Okay? All right. And final one, you could use this for men, but usually this is for girls as well: "You look like you just walked off the runway" or "you stepped off the runway". So, "the runway" is in fashion shows. It's literally the path that the models walk. So, let me walk like a model for you. Yeah. So, I look like I just walked off the runway. So, I look like a fashion model, basically. Okay? So, if your friend comes to work and they're wearing, like, a really nice dress or their hair is really cool, you're like: "Wow. You look like a supermodel" or "You look like you just walked off the runway." All right. Now some negative expressions. So, again, please use these expressions with people you know well if you want to joke with them, or maybe someone says: "Tell me honestly: How do I look?" Okay? You can say: "You look like a mess." Okay? So, you can say "a mess", like you're not tidy, not clean, your hair is everywhere. "You look like a total disaster", you can also say. So: "You look like hell." Not like heaven, but like hell. Okay? So, Steve thinks I look like hell today, but come on, Steve. Nah, there's no way. Sharp. I'm sharp today. Next: "You look like a bum." I had to do that in the Rocky voice a little bit. So, if you look like a bum, you look like... It's not very polite. You mean that the person looks like someone who is homeless, someone who lives on the street, and maybe someone who hasn't taken a shower in a long time. Okay? And: "You look like a walking disaster", like a walking disaster. Okay? You can also say: "a mess" or: "a total disaster", "a walking disaster". And these two are really cool. I love this one; I use it with Steve all the time because he looks like hell: "You look like you just rolled out of bed." Okay? So, you look like you just woke up, and you got out of bed, and you're still in your pajamas, you haven't washed your face, your eyes are baggy, and your hair is everywhere. And: "Whoa, you look like you just rolled out of bed. Can you just go to the bathroom and clean yourself up, please? For all of us." And next: "You look like you got hit by a truck." So, imagine getting hit by a truck - your body probably doesn't look very clean or attractive if you get hit by a truck, so you can see the imagery here. Okay? So, again, just imagine: Hair everywhere, clothes everywhere, not clean, not sharp, but very, very messy and sloppy as well. Okay, so we have some positive expressions, some negative expressions. […]
Learn nature VOCABULARY in English with The Lord of the Rings Learn nature VOCABULARY in English with The Lord of the Rings
11 months ago En
What’s better than learning new vocabulary from a book? Learning new vocabulary from one of the GREATEST works of fiction of the 20th century! In this dense lesson, I will drop you into the world of J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings to teach a variety of nature vocabulary. The book’s fictional world of Middle-earth is full of real-life landscape descriptions, so even if you’re not a fan of fantasy genre fiction, there is still a lot for you to learn. Words covered in this lesson include: knoll, mist, fog, valley, slope, turf, hedge, bush, thicket, marsh, bog, fen, mire, brambles, and many more! If you would like to check out the book yourself, you can get the audio version FOR FREE by signing up for a 30-day trial with Audible through this link: https://www.engvid.com/out/audiblealex . You can also get the print or ebook version on Amazon here: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_lotr . Remember, not all who wander are lost. Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/learn-nature-vocabulary-in-english-lotr/ Next, watch these other videos I've done: 1. Learn English with STAR WARS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UpksX5p0J9k&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b91KUH2ne-eaQSr3WofGqm9&index=3 2. 5 books to improve your English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEDMhFFeByE&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b91KUH2ne-eaQSr3WofGqm9&index=8 3. Learn English with THE HUNGER GAMES: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCZqIJAtqOI&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b91KUH2ne-eaQSr3WofGqm9&index=4 4. Learn English with HARRY POTTER: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EENeehvNxWA&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b91KUH2ne-eaQSr3WofGqm9&index=2 TRANSCRIPT Danh-danh-duh-duh-danh. Duh-duh-danh. Duh-duh-danh. Duh-danh-danh. Danh-danh-danh-danh. My precious. Come on. Thanks, Steve. He loves this book. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Nature Vocabulary with Lord of the Rings". Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien is one of the greatest, most important, most revered not just fantasy novels; but novels, period, in the English language. It is wonderful, beautiful, full of lush landscapes and scenery. And the reason I've decided to focus on nature vocabulary for you guys is: Even if you're not a Lord of the Rings fan, this video is still useful for you because I'm going to give you some vocab that is common, but also not so common, and all of it is in this book. Now, if you like this book that I have in my hand, and you want to know: "Alex, where can I get one?" you can get either the physical copy or the e-book version at the Amazon link that is attached to this video. Or another option is, if you want to listen to the audiobook version of Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring... There're also two more books - The Two Towers and The Return of the King. If you want any one of those books, you can get the audiobook version by checking out the link to Audible that is also attached to this video. You can get the book for free by clicking at the link, and you will also sign up for a free 30-day trial. So, if you like the book, if you like the audio quality, and... Which I think you will, because the narrator who, you know, does Lord of the Rings-Rob Inglis is his name-he's wonderful. I have the book on my own phone, I've listened to it. He does, like, the songs that are in the story, he does the poems, and he has this deep, baritone voice when he reads the book, which is just beautiful. It makes you feel like your grandfather is reading the book to you. So, the audiobook is totally excellent. Check it out if you want at the Audible link that is attached to this video. I think that's all I wanted to say before we got into things. So, I'm going to put this down far away from Steve, over here. Okay. I'm watching you. And we're going to talk about some of the flora and the fauna of The Lord of the Rings series. And this vocabulary is found throughout the entire series. Okay? So, what I wanted to do, really, with this video and what I want to do for you guys is to make you feel comfortable in the world of Middle Earth, because there is a ton of travelling; there are a ton of natural, physical features that are described in the book. It's very beautiful, it's very poetic, and if you're... If you like nature, this is the book for you. If you like fantasy, and action, and magic, and adventure, this is definitely the book for you. So, I thought I would start with some of the wetter parts of the geography in Middle Earth, which is the fictional fantasy land that Lord of the Rings takes place in. So, we'll start very simple, a word you might already know, and that is a "river". Now, a river is a large channel of water that flows into a sea. So, around Montreal, you have the Saint Lawrence River. The Nile is a river. The Amazon is a river. So, these are long channels of water that flow into the sea, and there's actually some debate over whether the Nile or the Amazon is the longest river in the world, depending on how you choose to measure them. […]
Academic Vocabulary for Essays & IELTS Writing: 15 cause and effect POWER VERBS Academic Vocabulary for Essays & IELTS Writing: 15 cause and effect POWER VERBS
2 years ago En
Level up your academic writing skills by learning fifteen cause and effect verbs that will make you sound like a fourth-year university essay writing pro. If you’re taking the IELTS or TOEFL, these verbs are essential in the writing sections of those exams. The verbs and phrases include: "cause", "produce", "lead to", "result in", "create", "bring about", "give rise to", "be responsible for", "result from", "stem from", "be caused by", "be produced by", "be brought about by", and "be triggered by". Improvement stems from regular practice and consistently challenging yourself with new material, so make sure you don’t miss out on this chance to improve your written English. Take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/academic-vocabulary-cause-effect-verbs/ WATCH NEXT: 1. LEARN 20 PASSIVE GET EXPRESSIONS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzLbKEomlCI&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=11 2. ACTIVE & PASSIVE GERUNDS IN ENGLISH: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QV_XlU1oxJg&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=71 TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on cause and effect verbs. So, this is an academic writing lesson. In this lesson, you will learn some advanced vocabulary, specifically verbs, that you can use in your high school or university essays; or if you are an English student who is taking the IELTS or the TOEFL, you can use these verbs to really level up your writing in your writing tasks on those tests. Okay? Now, if you are a writer of another sort; if you are an essayist, a fiction writer, a non-fiction writer, or you want to be a writer in the future - it never hurts to have more vocabulary, to have more power verbs in your arsenal. So, what we're going to do today is improve your vocabulary for your writing and really make your writing that much stronger. So, I'm going to put this down, and let's start looking at some verbs. Specifically, we are going to look at some effect verbs first. So, when you think of "effect", you think of the result of something. So, we have the verbs: "cause", "produce"; and we have verb phrases, like: "lead to", "result in"; and we have: "create", "bring about", "give rise to", and "be responsible for". So, these are all formal verbs, and these will definitely formalize your writing; specifically your essays. So, for example: "cause" - very direct. Right? So: "The 2008 financial crisis caused several problems for multinational banks." So, this crisis caused these things to happen. All right? Let's continue with: "produce". Okay? So, to produce, create, cause. "The medication did not produce the desired effect." So, the medication was supposed to numb the pain, but it didn't do this. It didn't produce the desired effect. So, again, "to produce", think of it in the same family of words as: "cause", "produce", and "create", which we'll see a little bit later on. Next we have: "lead to". So, if something leads to something else, this means that it causes the next step to happen. So, the next step is the effect. So, for example: "Several international incidents led to World War II." So, we're talking about international events, international incidents that led to - gave the cause for World War II. So, if something leads to something else, you know, you do this thing which causes this thing, so the effect is here. One thing leads to or causes another thing. "Result in" - very straightforward, I think. So, "result in": "The earthquake resulted in thousands of deaths." The effect of the earthquake; the result of the earthquake. So: "The earthquake resulted in thousands of deaths." Later we'll look at "a result of", so that will be for cause; but for effect, you can say: "result in". What was the result? It resulted in blank; in something. "Create". I think everyone is familiar with the verb "create". If you're not, here we go. "The increasing rate of crime is creating numerous issues", numerous problems. So, it's making problems, creating problems, causing problems. So, the effect is that there are numerous problems now because of this. "Bring about". So, if something brings about something else, it kind of brings it-right?-into effect. So: "The new regime"-the new political party, the new political regime-"brought about stricter laws". So, imagine there was an election and there is a new political regime, and with them they are bringing new laws, so they brought about new laws; they caused new laws to happen. The effect of the political regime are these stricter laws. Okay? Next: "give rise to". If something gives rise to something else, it means that the initial cause creates the conditions necessary for the effect to happen. Okay? Got that? Okay, let's look at the example. So: "The election result gave rise to public protests." So, we have the election result, and: Uh-oh, now the condition is instability in the public because maybe the public is not happy with the results of the election. […]
Sound more natural in English: 10 informal commands Sound more natural in English: 10 informal commands
2 years ago En
Are you having a hard time finding useful English lessons on the internet? Hang in there! You've come to the right place! In this lesson, I teach 10 common informal imperatives that will help you to sound more natural in your everyday English conversations. These are common and real English expressions that you will hear in many different situations. The informal imperatives in this lesson include: "cut it out", "get lost", "sleep tight", "chill out", "dig in", "watch your step", and more. Take the quiz to test your understanding: https://www.engvid.com/10-informal-commands/ NEXT, watch my lesson on 30 Phrasal Verb Commands in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7_QXVcvcfQ&t=0s&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=7 TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. Ah! Ugh. Ugh, okay. I should have watched my step. Okay, let's try that again. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Informal Imperatives". What is an imperative? It's a call to action, it's a command. It's basically a base verb, like: "Stop", "Don't do that", "Watch out". Today we're going to look at a bunch of these expressions, and they're going to be informal in nature. And I'm going to give you the informal way to use the command and expression, and then tell you the more standard way that you can, you know, use this expression as well. So, you'll be getting double the knowledge, double the fun today. And hopefully I can get through this lesson without falling on my rear end, we'll say. Okay, first one: "Cut it out!" "Cut it out" just means: "Stop it." Okay? So, if someone is, for example, like, tickling you and you're laughing, like: "Oh, stop, stop, stop. Cut it out. Cut it out. Cut it out." This means: "Stop. I don't like what you're doing. Cut it out. Stop." If you're a parent, you might say this to your kids. If your kids are, you know, fighting with each other and you just want them to stop, say: "Cut it out. Stop. Don't do that." Okay? Next: "Get lost!" This is very rude, very strong. It's a way to tell someone to go away. "Leave me alone." So: "Go away. Leave me alone." Or: "Get lost. I don't care where you go, you can get lost in a forest somewhere or on a highway. It doesn't matter, just leave me alone." Okay? So: "Get lost!" Next: "Sleep tight." This is more for parents I think, so if you say: "Sleep tight" to someone, this means: "Sleep well. Have a good night. Enjoy your sleep." Okay? So usually this is parents to kids who might say this, but if you ever see it on TV or something like that, you know, you will understand what "Sleep tight" means. Next: "Chill out!" So: "Chill out!", "Calm down!" Maybe you're more familiar with: "Calm down!" or "Relax!" Okay? So, "to chill" means to cool something, so you can chill a beverage, chill a drink in the fridge or in some ice. You can chill wine if you go to a restaurant in, like, a bucket with ice. So, to chill out, like: "You're... You're too intense. Just chill out, calm down, relax." Next: "Dig in". In this context, basically you're sitting at a table for dinner, for lunch, and everyone's sitting down and they're doing the polite thing where they wait for everyone else to sit to get ready to eat. When everyone's ready, okay, in French you would say: "Bon appetit"; in English, you can say: "Dig in". "To dig" is to do this with a shovel, so you're digging in usually with a fork or a spoon on this... In this part of the world. So: "Dig in. Start eating. You can eat." Next: "Watch your step", like me. "Be careful where you are walking." So, if you're walking with a friend and you're talking on the street and your friend sees some, let's say dog poo... Okay? Your friend sees some dog poo on the... On the sidewalk, says: -"Whoa, whoa. Watch your step." -"Oh, I should watch where I'm walking." Or maybe there's a little hole in the ground, so: "Watch your step." Okay? Next: "Quit your moaning." This means: "Stop complaining." Moaning is basically this kind of sound, like: "Mmm. Mmm. Emm." And you're always complaining, you're not happy with your life or your situation, and your friend might tell you: "Quit your moaning. Stop complaining." So, informally: "Stop complaining." Sorry, standard language or formal... Not really formal, it's just standard: "Stop complaining." Informal: "Quit your moaning." Okay? Next: "Hang in there." Okay? This means: "Don't give up. I know life is difficult, I know that you didn't get that job after the job interview, but hang in there. Don't give up." So: "hang", when you grab onto something and you hold on, you're hanging onto it, so: "Hang in there. Don't give up. Good things will happen." Next: "Whoa, whoa. Hold your horses." Err, hold them back. So, if you're telling someone to hold their horses... Hold your horses: "Wait. Stop. Slow down. Don't get too excited. Hold your horses." […]
Learn 20 intransitive PHRASAL VERBS in English Learn 20 intransitive PHRASAL VERBS in English
2 years ago En
There are several types of phrasal verbs in English. In this important lesson, I will teach you twenty intransitive phrasal verbs, which are phrasal verbs that aren't followed by an object. In this lesson, you'll study phrasal verbs like speak out, end up, die out, grow up, show up, drop by, and many more. This is a great way to increase your vocabulary, your listening comprehension, and your speaking skills. As always, don't forget to test your understanding by completing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/20-intransitive-phrasal-verbs/ after the lesson! NEXT, watch more Phrasal Verb lessons: 1. 30 Phrasal Verb Commands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7_QXVcvcfQ&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=6 2. Phrasal Verb Opposites in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_y0ITptbJTU&index=19&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8 3. 6 Phrasal Verbs with HANG: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7iRU79qnRk&index=67&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8 TRANSCRIPT All right. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "20 Intransitive Phrasal Verbs". "Intransitive", this means these phrasal verbs do not have objects. Now, some examples of transitive phrasal verbs are, for example: "My friend opened up a business." This means... "Business" is an object, my friend opened it, and he opened up a business. "I will call you back", "you" are the object and I will call you back, so these two examples: "Open up a business", "Call someone back", they both have objects which means they are transitive. These phrasal verbs don't have objects, no objects, they just exist by themselves. They don't need an object after. Okay? So, let's look at the first 10. First: "break down". "My car broke down." So, here, this means that your car stopped working. Now, you can't say, like: "My car broke down", you know, something else, like if I ran over a motorcycle with my car, say: "My car broke down a motorcycle." You can't say that. Okay? It's just: "My car broke down. My car stopped working." Other things that can break down: Your computer, your phone, usually mechanical things-okay?-or electronic things. Next: "Catch on". If something catches on, it means it starts to become popular. So, viral videos on YouTube catch on. Okay? For example: "That new dance is really catching on." I'm not going to mention the dance and the example, because by the time you see this video, there's probably a new Gangnam Style or a new dab, or something like that available to the young kids out there in the dance clubs. So: "That new dance is really catching on", it means that that dance is becoming popular. "Die out". If something dies out or is dying out, or has been dying out, it means it is slowly dying, slowly decreasing in popularity. So, for example: "Blackberry", the company, the cellphone company. "Blackberry has been dying out for years, for many years." So, the Blackberry is not as popular as, you know, it was or is not as popular as the iPhone or Android phones, so the company's popularity has been dying out. Okay? If a species of animal, or insect, or anything is going extinct, you can also say: "That animal, that species is dying out." So, bees, for example, are dying out across the world, which means we will all be dead soon. Next: "drop by". "Can we drop by the bank?" So: "to drop by", this means to make a quick stop, make a quick visit. Now, you're saying: "Alex, you said intransitive phrasal verbs have no object. Why is the bank here?" Well, you're not dropping the bank, you're not doing something to the bank. The bank is not an object, here. The bank is merely a location. Okay? So: "Can we drop by?", "Can we stop...?" You can also say: "Stop by". "Can we drop by the bank?", "Can we make a visit by the bank?", "Can we stop by grandma's house?", "Can we stop by the grocery store?", "Can we make a stop and then continue to another location?" Next: "end up". "Where did you end up?" Okay? So: Where did you, you know, end your travels? What is your final location? Not only a physical location, it can also be, you know: "Where did you end up in your career? Where did you finish in your career?" Okay. "I ended up working for Apple." Or: "I ended up working for Microsoft." I ended up doing something, my final location, my final destination in my work life or in my personal life, or a physical location, too, it can be. So: -"Oh yeah. Where did you end up moving to?" -"Oh, we ended up moving to London", for example. Or: "We ended up moving to Cadaqu�s", whatever. All right. "Get back". So: "We got back from vacation yesterday." So: "to get back" in this context means to return. So: "We got back from vacation yesterday." We returned from vacation yesterday. Next: "go ahead". Okay? So if you're telling someone to go ahead, you're telling them to go before you, and you will catch up with them later. So: "You go ahead. I will meet you there." […]
5 books to improve your English 5 books to improve your English
2 years ago En
Students often ask me for English book recommendations. In this video, I give you five and tell you whether they're for intermediate or advanced students! In addition to a couple of classics, such as The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, I also recommend some more contemporary options, such as Wonder by R.J. Palacio. There's something for everyone: mystery, fantasy, young adult, and adult fiction. Tell me about some of your favourite books in the comments at https://www.engvid.com/5-books-to-improve-your-english/ ! If you're interested in any of the books mentioned in this video, you can get a free audiobook version when you sign up for a 30-day trial with Audible using this link: https://www.engvid.com/out/audiblealex You can also use the following links to get ebook or print versions of these books: 1. Charlotte's Web: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_charlotte 2. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_wizard 3. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_curious 4. Fallen: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_fallen 5. Wonder: https://www.engvid.com/to/amz_wonder #engvid #LearnEnglish #reading TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "5 Books to Improve Your English". So, one of the most common questions I get from students is: "Which books should I read to improve my English?" This video is for you. So, today, I'm going to look at five books that I have chosen to help you build your vocabulary, increase your comprehension, and develop your speaking and reading confidence. Now, if you are interested in any of the five books that I mention in the video, we have a link to Amazon where you can get the e-book version or the print version of the book; or if you want the audiobook version, you can click the link below to Audible, and there, you can sign up for a 30-day trial and get your first book for free. Now, this video is specifically for intermediate and advanced level students. If you are a beginner student, I probably wouldn't recommend jumping into, you know, this level of literature right now. So, this is specifically for intermediate and advanced level students. Let's not waste any more time, and let's look at the first book. Charlotte's Web by E.B. White. So, this is a childhood classic. It is a young adult fiction book; it is only 184 pages; and it's basically a farm story about a girl, a pig, and a spider. There's also a movie out, you know, about the book, so you can check out the book, watch the movie, and you can understand more. So, what's cool about this book: It is written in the simple past, so you get a lot of past tense practice, and the vocabulary is not that difficult. So let me read the opening paragraph of chapter two. So, before I start: Fern is the name of the girl, and Wilbur is the name of her pig. Chapter 2: Wilbur. Fern loved Wilbur more than anything. She loved to stroke him, to feed him, to put him to bed. Every morning as soon as she got up, she warmed his milk, tied his bib on, and held the bottle for him. Every afternoon when the school bus stopped in front of her house, she jumped out and ran to the kitchen to fix another bottle for him. She fed him again at suppertime, and again just before going to bed. Mrs. Arable gave him a feeding around noontime each day when Fern was away in school. Wilbur loved his milk, and he was never happier than when Fern was warming up a bottle for him. He would stand and gaze up at her with adoring eyes. So, as you can see, it's a cute, sweet story with a very tragic part that I will not spoil here in this video, if you have never read the book. This is a book that makes children cry. Maybe it can make you cry. So, let's go on to the second book. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, a classic children's book that was also made into a classic children's movie. So, this book is around 250 pages; it depends on which version you get. I have this beautiful edition that was given to me as a birthday gift a couple of years ago, and it has, like, nice pictures and everything. It's kind of pretty. And, yeah, it looks really nice. So, depending on the version you get, you can get... It can be shorter or it can be longer. So, this is basically, if you don't know The Wizard of Oz, it's about a girl who goes on an adventure in a fantasy land where she meets, you know, a lion, a tinman, a scarecrow, and she goes with her dog, Toto; and there's an evil witch. And it's a really cool adventure story. I actually read it for the first time when I was in my late 20s, and I read it super-fast because it's written in such a fun way; there's always something happening, and you're going from one adventure to the next adventure to the next; it doesn't let you breathe. So it's a really fun adventure story. Let me read a little bit of it for you, here. Let's just choose a random chapter. Okay, so here's Chapter 10: The Guardian of the Gate. […]
Learn English Grammar: Infinitives of Purpose Learn English Grammar: Infinitives of Purpose
2 years ago En
Are you studying English FOR get a better job, or TO get a better job? Watch this video to address a very common English student mistake. Infinitives of purpose answer the question "Why?" or "For what purpose?" Understanding how to form them and use them will help you to build better and more informative English sentences. You will also learn how to use "in order to" in the middle of a sentence to strengthen your grammatical accuracy and your formal English. When you're done with the video, don't forget to take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-infinitives-of-purpose/ in order to test your understanding. Good luck! Watch these English Grammar lessons next: 1. Permanent Plurals: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1TplKXtV-90&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=3 2. Using 'THE' before 'NEXT' and 'LAST': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sX68G8EAczA&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=19 TRANSCRIPT Hey. Why are you here? Are you here to learn English? Are you here to improve your grammar and your vocabulary? You are. Wonderful, because I'm here to teach you. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this grammar lesson on "Infinitives of Purpose". So, today I'm going to try and fix a very common error that some students make when they are first learning English, specifically students from Latin-speaking countries, but other countries as well. So, what am I talking about? Now, look here: Ask "Why?" or "For what purpose?" and add "to" plus the base verb to give more information. Now, what does this mean? By itself it seems confusing, but basically if you can make a statement, if you can make a sentence and you can ask: "Why?" at the end of that sentence or: "For what purpose? For what reason?" you can actually give more information-okay?-by adding "to" plus the base verb. And I'm going to tell you what people usually do or sometimes do that's wrong in this case. So, for example, first sentence. Let's imagine this is the sentence. "I go to the gym." Perfect sentence. Wonderful. But if you want to make that sentence longer, if you want to give more information, if you want to tell people why you go to the gym, you can add "to" plus the base verb. An infinitive of purpose. So: "I go to the gym to stay healthy." Okay? Now, again, some people usually replace "for"... Use "for" instead of "to" in this situation. So I'm just going to focus and tell you guys: Use "to" in these situations. Okay? So, repeat after me: "I go to the gym to stay healthy." Beautiful. Next: "She called me." Why did she call you? Okay? If you can ask: "Why did she call you?" So: "She called me to ask a question." That's why she called me. Okay? "He brought his laptop." Why? For what purpose? "He brought his laptop to help him study." So, he has all his notes there and that's what helps him study. Next: "You have to leave now." Why do I have to leave now? "You have to leave now to get there on time." All right? Next: "I can watch movies." For what purpose? "Well, I can watch movies to increase my vocabulary if I'm learning a new language." Next: "They moved here." Why did they move here? What's this? "...in order to get a better job", and there's a star on this one, which means it's special. Now, the reason I put a star here is because you noticed I put: "in order to", which basically means "for the purpose of". So, in all of these situations, to sound a little more formal you could actually add "in order" before you do the "to" plus base verb structure. So, you could say: "She called me in order to ask a question.", "I go to the gym in order to stay healthy." All of these are also possible and it sounds a little more formal. Okay? I don't know why it's more formal, but it just is for this lesson. Okay? \ Next: "I've been reading a lot of books." Great. Why? "I've been reading a lot of books to learn new things." Sure, sounds good. And finally we have: "She goes to work." Why does she go to work? "She goes to work to provide a better life for her kids." Okay, now I want to focus on two of these that are a little special, so let's look at this one: "She goes to work to provide a better life for her kids." Now, you might be wondering: "Wait. I have 'to' here and 'to' here. Can I say 'to' hmm, 'to' hmm?" Absolutely. So, here you have... You're going to a place. Right? You're going to work, to your place of work, your office, your office building to do something. And here, different kind of situation, but similar idea in terms of one of the words: "You have to leave now to get there on time." You have two actions back to back here. So: "You have to leave to get there on time." So it is possible for you to have "to" plus base verb, "to" plus base verb. Okay? So, for example: "I like to sing to improve my voice. I like to sing to improve my voice." […]
Real English: Talking about what people wear Real English: Talking about what people wear
2 years ago En
Clothes can be loose, baggy, sporty, or too tight. They can match, fit, look good, or bring out your eyes. In this useful English vocabulary lesson, learn how to talk about shopping for clothes, or talking about how clothes fit or look on someone in general. Once you're comfortable with the vocabulary, make sure to check out the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/real-english-talking-about-what-people-wear/ to test your knowledge. So what are you waiting for? Put on something comfy and get ready to enjoy a practical English lesson. TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on commenting about clothes. So, today we are going to imagine that we are going clothes shopping, we're going into the change room, we're trying on some clothes, and I will give you some vocabulary you can use to talk about how the clothes fit. And then we are going to look at some common comments you can make about other people's clothes or about your own clothes. So, first imagine you're in the change room and your friend is with you, and maybe your friend is trying some clothes on. Okay? And your friend comes out, and they're wearing something that is very, you know, maybe very sporty, or loose, or baggy. Don't know what these words mean? Let me explain them to you. So, if someone comes out of the change room and you want to comment on it, you could say: "It's..." And if you want to modify, you can say: "It's a bit", like a little, or: "It's not _______ enough." And you see all these words here, all these adjectives, and you can basically put: "It's not _______ enough", plus any of these adjectives if you think it's not something enough. Okay? So first let's just start with all these words and explain them. So: "It's very" or "It's a bit sporty." Okay? Now, "sporty" means athletic. So, imagine, you know, something you wear for cycling, something tight, something for the gym, yoga pants, anything like this. "Oo, you look very sporty." or "It's very sporty." Or maybe: "It's not sporty enough. It needs to be more sporty or sportier", if you will. Next we have "loose", so think of loose. All right? Lots of space. So, if something is: "It's too loose." Okay? You can say: "It's loose. It's a bit loose. It's too loose", or: "It's not loose enough. I want it to be more loose, to be looser, to have more space." And a similar word to "loose" is "baggy". So, those of you who were children or you grew up in the 90s and you remember MC Hammer and his MC Hammer pants that were super baggy, they were called parachute pants, but they were super baggy. Right? So, like, you're wearing bags on your pants. Usually many, like, cargo pants, cargo shorts are very baggy. Okay? So also similar to "loose". Next, the opposite of "loose" is "tight". "Whoa, it's too tight." Or: "It's a bit tight, a little tight." Or: "It's not tight enough. I want it to be tighter." Okay? Next: "stretchy". So think of the word "stretch". Stretch, stretch your arms. Material that is stretchy is usually, you know, used for sports, but you can also have, like, you know, formal dresses that are stretchy. Clothes for pregnant women are often stretchy. You have, like, those mom pants with the extra stuff for the pregnant lady. Anyway, some of you know what I'm talking about if you have ever seen a pregnant woman with, like, pregnant pants. They're very stretchy, you can stretch them, so you can say: "It's a bit stretchy.", "It's too stretchy.", "It's not stretchy enough." Some of us like our pants to, you know, have a little more space to be able to stretch them a little more on either side. Next: "Wow, it's very flashy." Think of, like, the flash on your camera. So, if an outfit, if someone's clothes are flashy this means they get your attention. They're like an advertisement, a billboard, like a flashy commercial. Think of, like, their outfit has almost lights on it. Not literally lights, but it gets your attention, like: "Wow, that's very flashy." If it has very bright colours, for example, it can be very flashy. "Plain". "It's too plain." Or you can say: "It's a bit plain". "Plain" means normal, boring. "Bland" is another word you can use. Check it in the subtitles, which are in this video. And this just means, you know, it's normal, it's regular, like a white t-shirt, it's plain; there's nothing special about it, it's just a normal shirt. Okay? And finally, get used to using this word, it's a very good word especially if you can't say the word: "comfortable", you can say: "comfy". So, "comfy" is like a diminutive form of "comfortable". It's more of an informal way to say "comfortable". You can say: "Ah, it's very comfy. Yeah. Yeah. This feels good." Right? Like that shirt. […]
Improve your Vocabulary: 10 common word combinations in English Improve your Vocabulary: 10 common word combinations in English
2 years ago En
Some words just sound better together. In this practical English vocabulary lesson, you will learn 10 common noun + noun combinations that are frequently used by English speakers. These include: pros and cons, odds and ends, peace and quiet, ups and downs, and more! Improve your understanding of these phrases and you'll be able to understand and participate in more English conversations. Watch my video about COLLECTIVE NOUNS next: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=meMx5IxuG-4&index=24&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8 TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-common-word-combinations/ TRANSCRIPT Okay. Yeah, I could go anywhere I want. Okay, but it's really big and I don't have the space. Oh, hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Common Word Pairs", specifically common noun and noun pairs. So, before, you know, I started this, I was looking at my phone because I'm trying to think about the pros and cons of buying a hot air balloon, and I'm not really sure whether I want it or not, so I'm trying to weigh the pluses and the minuses, the pros and the cons. Speaking of pros and cons, pluses and minuses, this is the first word pair in our noun and noun set. So: "pros and cons", "pluses and minuses" basically mean the advantages and disadvantages of something. "What are the pros and cons?" When you're buying something, you're thinking about the pluses and the minuses of this thing; the pros and the cons of this thing. When you make an important life decision, you also have to weigh the pros (the pluses) and the cons (the minuses). Okay? So, these are the benefits or the disadvantages of something. Next: "odds and ends". So, "odds and ends": "That box is full of odds and ends." Let me show you. Come here. Come here. Okay, so I got an eraser, I got a stapler, there's a remote of some kind, I think these are bubbles, Superman bubbles, marker, cloth. So, these things are not really related, but I don't have a box in my house or a drawer in my house just for erasers, or just for markers, or just for staplers, so the odds and ends of something usually just refer to the random pieces, the random articles, the junk, the miscellaneous junk. So: "That box is full of odds and ends." So I'm just going to put: Random stuff or random junk. Basically things you don't have a set place for in your house, so you just put it in one area. Yeah, the batteries, the paperclips, the tape, the pencils, odds and ends, just random stuff. All right: "ups and downs". "They've had a lot of ups"... Ups and downs. I think you can tell what this means. It basically means they've had a lot of good times and a lot of bad times. So, good times and bad times. Good times and bad times. Now, this can refer to... You can use it in many contexts, specifically the most common being when you talk about relationships. Also, you can talk about a company's history, so the company has experienced many ups and downs. The relationship has gone through ups and downs. So, good times and bad times. Next: "peace and quiet". So these commonly go together. "We could all use a little more peace and quiet." So, if you know the meaning of "peace", you know the meaning of "quiet", you just know this means a period of calm. Okay? So, I love peace and quiet. I need peace and quiet. I want peace and quiet. So, basically let's just say calmness, something... Period of calm. A period of calm. "Trial and error". So, here: "We went through a long trial and error process." So, if you are working in a company and your company gives you a project, and they want you to find out the pros and cons of doing something, and they go through a long experimentation process with whatever they're working on. So, some things work, some things don't work. Or if you're trying to create, let's say a specific type of machine or a robot, but you don't know what happens if you do one thing or if you do another thing. So, "trial" means to try or experiment, and "error", to make mistakes. So this is a long process where you do experiments, and you make many mistakes before you find the final solution, you find what works. So: "trial and error" always refers to some kind of process where you're experimenting with solutions. Experimentation process. Okay. So, just like when you're learning English, you know, sometimes you just have to try speaking if you're speaking with a native speaker and you're not sure if you're using the correct verb form or if you're using the correct noun form, you're kind of going through a trial and error process, and maybe your friend says: -"No, no. Don't say: 'It is danger.' Say: 'It is dangerous.'" -"Ah, now I know it is 'dangerous', not 'It is danger.'" Okay? So, one, two, three, four, five. I think I said we're doing ten of these. Wow. […]
English Grammar & Vocabulary: Permanent Plurals English Grammar & Vocabulary: Permanent Plurals
2 years ago En
There are some nouns in English that are simply ALWAYS plural. These are nouns like "glasses," "scissors," "pants," "jeans," "clothes," and several others, all of which are covered in this practical English grammar lesson. Do count and non-count nouns confuse you? This lesson that will make the topic easier for you. So what are you waiting for? If you want to erase some of your doubts and use grammar and vocabulary more accurately, this video will do the trick. Thanks for clicking, and don't forget to check out the quiz after the video to test your understanding of the material: https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-vocabulary-permanent-plurals/ TRANSCRIPT [Exhales] So hot today. You know what? I don't need pants for this video. Whew. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Nouns That Are Always Plural". So, if you know anything about count and noncount nouns, you know that count nouns can be singular or plural. "Cup", "cups"; "table", "tables"; "school", "schools". But there are some nouns... The list is not very long, but there are some nouns that always stay plural, that only have a plural form, and today I'm going to talk about them. Now, I know some of you might have some issues, you know, trying to memorize some of these things, but after today's lesson, I promise you: You're going to feel a lot better, a lot more confident, and you will be able to use these nouns correctly and confidently, which is really important, obviously, when you're learning and speaking a language. So... Whew. That's better. I feel the air now. I feel the air. So: "clothes", the word "clothes" itself is permanently plural. Right? So you can say: "I have too many clothes." Not: "too much clothes", because even though it only has one form, some people say: "Do I have too much clothes or too many clothes?" No, it's a plural, permanently plural, so you use "many" with the noun "clothes". Okay? So: "I have too many clothes." You can't say... Do not say: "I have two clothes", or: "to clothes-es-es", don't do it. Okay? So, just: "I have a lot of clothes. I need new clothes. I need some new clothes." That's okay. If you want to count clothes, there is a way, but you don't use the word "clothes", you use the word "clothing" and you use the quantifier expression of "articles of clothing". Okay? So: "There are 3 new articles of clothing in my closet." Otherwise: "clothes". "I have a lot of clothes, too many clothes." Okay? "I need new clothes." Continuing on, I've separated the second part of this video into three sections. One: leg stuff; two: other stuff; three: other other stuff. By the way, "leg stuff" is not a technical term at all, but stick with me. So, basically anything that you can, like, pull up on your legs, like the pants that I had and I no longer have, you can use in a permanent plural. Okay? So, what are some examples of leg stuff, things you can put on your legs? One, very general: "pants". Okay? You can say: "I need new pants." If you want to count pants or any of the other things I'm going to talk about related to clothes, you can also say: "I need a new pair". So, "a pair" means two. Now, again, legs have... Leg stuff, pants, jeans, etc., you have two legs and you put one and then the other, so this is a pair. So you can say: "I need a new pair of pants", or "a new pair of jeans", or "a new pair of shorts", for example. And you can also just say: "I need new pants", "new shorts", "new jeans", "new overalls". If you don't know what "overalls" are, I've drawn you a little picture. If you know Super Mario Brothers, Super Mario and Luigi wear overalls. A lot of, you know, people who work in factories have to wear clothes that cover their whole bodies from the legs all the way up, these are overalls. "Leggings", so leggings and "tights", these are very similar. When you think of leggings, think of tights. You might think of a Shakespearean theatre, a Shakespearean play where the actors wear really tight, tight, tight, thin layers of pants to cover their legs, and usually they cover your feet as well. Right? So, yeah, leggings, tights. And "shorts". Now, you might be thinking: "Well, Alex, what about that other thing that you put underneath your clothes that you're wearing?" that I'm wearing now, which is underwear. Okay? Underwear is an exception to this rule. We don't say, you know: "underwears" all the time, it's just "underwear" without a plural. Okay? But you still say: "two pairs of underwear", "three pairs of underwear", but just there's no "s" on the end of it. Okay? So, just for pronunciation, just repeat after me with these words, guys: "pants", "jeans", "overalls", "shorts", "tights", "leggings". All right, continuing on with this, you can also say with other stuff that: "You need new", or "You need a new pair of scissors." You use scissors to cut-right?-in school, or at home. Or: "a new pair of glasses". So, I have a pair of glasses here. […]
30 English Phrasal Verb Commands 30 English Phrasal Verb Commands
2 years ago En
"How do I use phrasal verbs?" This is one of the most common questions that intermediate and advanced English students ask. In this lesson, I will teach you 30 common phrasal verbs that you can use as commands. Each phrasal verb also has useful examples, and you can check your understanding with a massive thirty-question quiz at https://www.engvid.com/30-english-phrasal-verb-commands/ after you've watched the lesson! To give you a taste of this lesson, you will learn phrasal verb commands like: move over, gather around, chill out, listen up, hang on, get back, drink up, come on, carry on, back up, and many more! So what are you waiting for? Gather around, listen up, and carry on improving your English language skills. Next, watch Rebecca's video on 10 easy commands! https://youtube.com/watch?v=yPZJe_5mxR8 Get the resource with 100 PHRASAL VERBS: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/100-phrasal-verbs-used-as-commands/ TRANSCRIPT -"Let me see your identification." -"You don't need to see his identification." -"We don't need to see his identification." -"These aren't the droids you're looking for." -"These aren't the droids we're looking for." -"He can go about his business." -"You can go about your business." -"Move along." -"Move along." Yeah. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on "30 Phrasal Verb Commands". So, simple enough. Right? You're going to hear 30 commands that use phrasal verbs, and I will tell you the context in which you can use each one, and we'll do some very quick pronunciation and repeat-after-me practice as well. Now, after this lesson, if you can't get enough of phrasal verb commands, you can check out the resource that Rebecca made where she lists 100 phrasal verb commands. And she also has another video that is linked to this video where you can get, you know, a lesson on 10 more commands, similar to these ones right behind me. So, let's not waste any more time and we're going to go, one, two, three, four, five, six, all the way to 30 and we'll do it relatively quickly with an example and an explanation of the context for each. So, the first one, repeat after me: "Back off." This is what you say when you want someone to, you know, get out of your personal space. So, usually if you are annoyed at the individual, you could say: "Back off. You are too close to me." Okay? Next: "Back up." Now, "back up" is similar to "back off", but it can be used in a more formal situation by someone, like, you know, a police officer or a security guard. So, for example, if there is, you know, a line where another line is formed and you cannot cross this line, and you do cross that line, you know, a police officer or a security guard or someone might ask you to: "Back up. Back up." This means: Go back a little bit, take a few steps back. They probably won't say: "Back off". "Back off" is much stronger, so you can use: "Back up" in a more formal situation where you want the person to move out of the way and to move back a little bit. Okay? So: "Back up. Just move back, everybody." Okay? Next: "Carry on." So, repeat after me: "Carry on." This simply means continue, do what you were doing before. So: "Carry on. Carry on." Next, repeat after me: "Chill out." This just means: "Be calm, relax. Okay? I see you're upset. Chill out." Okay? So: "chill" comes from, like, you know, to cool, to be calmer. Don't get so hot. Be calm, be cool, chill out. Next, repeat: "Come back." This simply means return. Okay? So: "Hey. Come back. Come back. Return." Next: "Come on." So, this can mean to come, follow me. "Come on. Let's go." Or, if you don't, you know, believe a person's story or you want to show surprise, you can say: "Come on. Really? Come on." Okay, next: "Come in." So, if you have invited someone to your house, you open the door and you want to, you know, invite them to enter your house, you can say: "Come in." All right? So repeat it: "Come in." Next: "Come over." So, if you are inviting a person to your house, you're talking to them on the phone and you want them to come to where you are, usually it's your house, but it could be another place like your work or a caf� somewhere, but usually it's, you know, their house, you can say: "Hey. Come over. I'm free now." Or: "Come over in ten minutes." Okay? So this means: Come to where I am. Usually it's the person's house. "Yeah, you can come over. Come over." Give a command. Next: "Dream on. Dream on. Dream..." You know, the Aerosmith song from the 70s or... I think it was the 70s. And, "to dream on" basically means you don't believe what this person is saying or they have this big, big impossible dream in their head or something, like: -"Oh, I'm going to play this lottery ticket and I'm going to win the lottery this weekend. That's my plan for the weekend." -"Dream on." Okay? So, this means: "Keep dreaming, continue to dream. I don't believe you." All right? Next: "Drink up." So, repeat: "Drink up." […]
English Modals: 4 ways to use "SHOULD" English Modals: 4 ways to use "SHOULD"
2 years ago En
Most people only use "should" for advice. However, did you know that you can also use it to talk about your expectations and past regrets? Not only that, but you can even use it to make your statements less certain. Learn to use should for MORE than just advice, and master this common and useful English modal verb. Now, watch my video on 4 TYPES OF 'HOW' QUESTIONS IN ENGLISH: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T_ro9075G2Q&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=5 TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-modals-4-ways-to-use-should/ TRANSCRIPT So come on and let me know: Should I stay or should I go? Oh, hey, everyone. One sec. Didn't see you there. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "4 Ways to Use 'Should'". Now, you are probably familiar with at least two of these ways if you have been studying English for a while. So the most common ways are the first two up here, and then we're going to look at two other ways that might be a little less familiar to you. So, let's start with the first, the very first way that every student learns how to use "should" when they're studying English, which is for present or future advice. Now, the structure for this is "should" or "should not" if you're making a negative sentence, plus the base verb. So you have your subject: "I", "you", "he", "she", "it", "we", "they", "Mark", "Paul", "my mom", "your mom", whatever, plus this structure. So let's look at some examples of present or future advice. "You should call him." So you're giving the advice to your friend who maybe had a fight with, you know, their boyfriend or their husband or just a friend, and you think they should call him. It's a good idea for them to call him. Okay? "They shouldn't argue so much." Now, here you're kind of giving your opinion about another couple's relationship, and you're giving your advice to a friend about their situation, if that's not too confusing, I hope. So: "They shouldn't argue so much." They argue too much. My advice is they shouldn't argue so much. And third example for you guys: "He should apologize." If you, you know, want to be a good friend to your girlfriend or your boyfriend, and you want to give them, you know, support and tell them that their boyfriend needs to apologize, you're giving him advice even though he's not here. "He should apologize." It's a good idea for him to apologize to you because he made a mistake. Okay? Before we continue, I just want you guys to repeat these sentences after me so that, you know, we can practice the pronunciation and you're using the language that you're hearing in this video. So, repeat after me: "You should call him.", "They shouldn't argue so much.", "He should apologize." All right, let's move on to the second way we use "should". Now, here you can use it for past advice or to show past regrets. So, the structure for this, just like up here, you have "should" or "should not" if it's negative, plus "have". It's always "have", it's never "has". Okay? It's always the base form of "have". "Should not have" plus the past participle of your main verb. So, let's look at some examples so this is easy to see. First one: "I shouldn't have done that." So you are showing personal regret for something you did in the past, and you feel bad because you really should have made a different decision, so you say: "I shouldn't have done that." Now, notice here, you know, I put the contraction. We're speaking. I want to give you practical skills, practical language that you can use. I could say: "He should not have done that", and be very formal, but really when most people speak, they speak in contractions, so you and I will speak in contractions in this video, too; like a pregnant woman, contractions. It's a joke. Next: "You should've asked me first." Now, again, you're talking to a friend and maybe they made a decision and you feel they made the decision without asking you your opinion or if the decision was okay. So maybe your friend, I don't know, like, grabbed your phone and used it to call long distance somewhere, and your phone plan is, you know, almost up, your data is all used up, maybe they're, I don't know, watching a YouTube video. If they're watching engVid, let them watch, like, all they want, it's cool. But if they're watching something else, you know, you say: "Oh, you should've asked me first." This is, again, contraction: "should have". "You should've asked me first." So before we continue, let's repeat these sentences one more time. So repeat after me: "I shouldn't have done that.", "You should've asked me first." Okay, so that's for past advice or past regrets. And here, again, if you're using "I", usually it's for regret. "I should have done something", "I shouldn't have done something". Next: Expectation. So, if you expect something to happen or expect something to have happened in the past, you can use "should". Now, this can be used for present expectation, future expectation.
Fixed Modal Expressions: Easy English sentences to memorize and use! Fixed Modal Expressions: Easy English sentences to memorize and use!
2 years ago En
In this lesson, you will learn 10+ fixed sentences that use modals. "Fixed" means that they do not change. You just use the whole sentence without changing it. That makes these kinds of sentences very useful for improving your English quickly. By the time you finish this lesson, you will sound more natural and confident when speaking English in many different situations. The fixed modal expressions covered in this video include: "You can say that again", "I couldn't help it", "I would if I could", "You would've loved it", "You shouldn't have", and more! Watch the video, do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/fixed-modal-expressions/ and improve your English! TRANSCRIPT Yeah. Oh, you can say that again. [Laughs] No, no. I'm sorry, I can't help it. Next week? No, I would if I could, but I can't. Okay. I have to do a thing here. Okay. Yeah. Bye. Okay. Oh, hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Fixed Modal Expressions". So, in this lesson I am going to improve your speaking skills and specifically your ability to use some very common conversational expressions that use modal verbs. In case you don't know, modal verbs are verbs like: "can" or "could", "would", "should", "will", "might", "may", etc. And a modal verb is always followed by a base verb, so for example: "can" plus a base verb, so: "can do", "can make", "can play", "can see", "will play", "will do", "will make", "will see". It doesn't matter what the subject is. All right? So, for example: "I can play", "You can play", "He can play", "She can play", etc. For, you know, a deeper understanding of modal verbs and their rules, we have tons of videos on engVid for you to check out. For this video, though, I'm just going to give you a whole bunch of different fixed expressions, expressions that are fixed, meaning that you cannot change the order of the words and that they are very commonly used in conversations. So I've divided them into, you know, expressions with "can", with "would", with "should", and with "will". Obviously there are tons more than this, but these will get you started. So: "can". "You can say that again!" When you use this expression it means that, you know, you want a person to repeat what they said because you strongly agree with them. So if your friend says: "This is impossible. It's impossible." Like: "Yeah, you can say that again." If you really think and agree the person that whatever they're talking about really is impossible, if I say: -"Oh, he really, really, really needs to get a new job." -"Yeah, you can say that again", because I know he's very stressed or something like that. Okay, next: "I can't help it." or "I couldn't help it." For this one you can use different subjects: "He can't help it.", "She can't help it.", "They can't help it." This means they have no control; they have an impulse, an instinct, a habit of doing something. So, if you are laughing at your friend and your friend thinks you shouldn't be laughing, it's a bad situation to laugh, but you can't stop laughing, say: "I'm sorry. I'm sorry. No, I can't help it. It's really funny." Okay? And your friend's like: "Hey. Why are you laughing at me?" Okay? So, if you can't help it, it means you can't control yourself. So if you're laughing, if you... I don't know. If you like to eat ice cream and you can't help it because you want to eat a whole tub, it's like: -"Slow down, slow down." -"I can't help it. It's so good. It's so good." Okay? Next: "I can't" or "I couldn't"-in the past-"believe it". Obviously... I think you guys know what this means. Right? And you probably use this in your life already as an English speaker: "I can't believe it", similar to: "I don't believe it." or "I couldn't believe it." It means that you don't believe what the person is saying or you don't believe what you are seeing in front of you. So if you can't believe it, you think that there is no way that this is true or this is real. "I could use a break." This can be used with other subjects, too. So, if you have a friend, for example, who is very busy all the time or who has a stressful life, maybe they're constantly working or they're constantly with their family, or you know, something else takes up a lot of their time, and you look at that... At that person, at your friend and say: "He could use a break." or "She could use a break." This means that they should go on vacation or they should... They deserve to have a break, they deserve to, you know, have some free time to relax and to recharge their batteries, basically. Not, like, real batteries; that's an idiomatic expression, but you know, get their energy back to rest and relax. Okay, so just for pronunciation, now that I've explained them, repeat these expressions after me: "You can say that again!", "I can't help it.", "I can't believe it.", "I could use a break." Good. […]
Learn 20 passive "GET" Expressions in English! Learn 20 passive "GET" Expressions in English!
2 years ago En
'Get' is one of the hardest verbs to master in English. In this simple lesson, I'll teach you 20 common "get" expressions that you can start using NOW. The expressions taught in this lesson include: get blamed, get caught, get dressed, get engaged, get tired, get hit, get invited, get lost, get paid, get involved, and many more! If you want to improve your vocabulary and use common English expressions when you're speaking, this is the lesson for you. Come on. Let's get this done! Now, watch my video on 4 types of HOW questions in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T_ro9075G2Q&list=PLrPhmmx5j5b-AjltXcrLI4iiqF7lsj_P8&index=5 TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/learn-20-passive-get-expressions-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Buttoned or open? Buttoned, opened. Open, okay. Hey, I was just getting dressed. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "20 Passive 'Get' Expressions". So, a lot of you guys have been asking me for more lessons on the verb "get" because it is everywhere in English, so today I'm going to look at 20 expressions that you can use in the passive sense with "get". So, basically to do a passive sentence with "get", you have: "get" plus a past participle verb. In these sentences, "get" usually replaces the verbs "to be" or "become". Okay? So if you're speaking in the past with "was" or "were", you would just replace "was" or "were" with "got". If you're replacing the verb "I am", okay? You can just say: "I get" in the passive sense. I think it will make a lot more sense once you see some examples, because if you feel confused right now, after the examples you will say: "That's better. Okay. It's not so bad." And it's really not so bad, so let's look at the examples. We'll practice pronunciation in this lesson, too. So, first: "Get asked". If someone asks you to do something, you get asked to do something. For example: "I got asked to work overtime." Someone asked me, probably my boss, definitely my boss asked me to work overtime, so I got asked to work overtime. Now, remember, here "get" is replacing a form of the verb "to be" or "become". So, you could say: "I was asked" in a standard past simple passive sentence. "I was asked to work overtime." But in speaking we often substitute "was" or "were", or other forms of the verb "to be" in passive sentences with "get". All right, let's look at some more examples. "Get blamed". So, if you are blamed for something, this means someone accuses you of wrongdoing, of doing something wrong. So, for example: "She always gets blamed for everything." So, if you know, maybe your sister, someone in your family, a co-worker of yours is always accused of doing the wrong thing or is always accused of being the person who does the bad thing: "She always gets blamed for everything." I always got blamed for everything when I was a kid. Not really. Usually it was my youngest sister, but just an example. All right? So, next: "Get caught". If you get caught doing something, this means someone saw you in the act of doing something, and it's something you didn't want other people to see. So, for example: "Don't do it. You're going to get caught." You'll often see this in, you know, crime dramas or movies where there's a bad guy, and the police catch the bad guy or, you know, a video camera catches the crime in action, so the criminal gets caught. So, if you are caught, you get caught, you are seen in the act of doing something that you don't want other people to see. Okay? So: "Don't get caught." "Get done". So, to be completed. Right? So, for example: "The project got done on time." We finished the project. The project got done by us-passive sense-on time. All right? "The project was done", "The project got done". Next: "Get dressed". You probably know this. I did a video on, you know, getting dressed and... What was it? "Get dressed" and "Get dressed up", yeah. Undressed and dressed up. So: "I was getting dressed when you called." I wiped that a little bit, sorry. But you see it. Right? Unless you're looking on your phone, in which case, just look at a notebook or something, or keep watching on your phone because the rest of this stuff is visible. So: "Get dressed". "I was getting dressed, I was putting my clothes on when you called me." Okay? Next: "Get elected". So, in a political election: "She got elected President. She was elected by the people to become President". -"Who got elected?" -"She got elected."/"He got elected." Just so we don't date this video I'm not going to mention the most, you know, recent political situations happening in the world because we will all be angry, and we're not going to do that. So: "Get engaged". So, before you get married, usually one of the people asks the other person to become their husband and/or become their wife, become their life partner, and they say... You can kind of see me. "Will you marry me?" […]
English Prepositions: BELOW & UNDER English Prepositions: BELOW & UNDER
2 years ago En
Prepositions are hard to master in English. In this lesson, I talk about two very similar prepositions that often cause problems for English learners: "below" and "under". Should you say "He's below 21 years old" or "He's under 21 years old"? Are there situations where you can use both prepositions with no difference in meaning? The answer to the second question is YES, but there are situations where you must choose one or the other. To learn more about the similarities and differences between below and under, watch the video, then do the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/english-prepositions-below-under/ to check your understanding. I hope your score won't be below average! TRANSCRIPT Hey. Am I under the board or am I below the board, or am I both? Okay, there we go. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on two very tricky prepositions, and those are: "below" and "under". So, we are going to look at the meanings of these prepositions and we're going to look at some examples, some contexts so that you can better understand and more confidently use them when you're talking about the physical position of something, or maybe not necessarily even the physical position of something, but if you're measuring something, for example. So, when I started the video, I asked: Am I below the board or am I under the board? Well, it's actually both. So, "below" and "under" can both simply mean lower than. So: "Hey, where is the..." whatever it is. -"Where's my mug? Where's my cup?" -"Oh, it's... It's below the cabinet." Or: "Oh, it's under the cabinet." Okay? So, basically if the cabinet is up here and your mug is here, or here, or here, or here - it's below the cabinet or it's under the cabinet, just lower than the cabinet. Same with: "It's under the sink." Okay? "It's under the sink" or "below the sink", it just means lower than. All right? And here I have Kiki from Kiki's Delivery Service, those of you who watch anime and know who Hayao Miyazaki is. So, she is flying on a broom and she's flying over a city. The city is under her. The city is below her. It's lower than her, because she's in the air. Right? Okay. And she might be, like, flying over clouds, so the clouds could be below her or under her as well. Next, let's look at "below". Some... Two specific instances where you must use "below", so for example, not directly under. So if something, like I said, is... If you have something here like a shelf, and you have an object here, like this marker, for example, the marker is not, you know, directly under the shelf, so we say it's below. So, for example: "We stopped 100 meters below the top of the mountain." If we're climbing the mountain and then we stop to take a break, maybe there's a cabin where you can go in, have some hot chocolate, prepare to climb the rest of the mountain, you can say: "Oh, we stopped 100 meters below the top of the mountain." You're not under the mountain. Right? You're on the mountain, and you're below the top of it. Next, for measurements. Now, you must use "below" when you're talking about measurements. So, for example: "It's 5 below 0." So if you're talking about degrees Celsius, or... Well, not in Fahrenheit. Degrees Celsius, basically, you can say: "It's 5 below 0." Not: "5 under 0.", "5 below 0." Another example: "We are at 150 feet below sea level." If you're talking about someone's scores in their class, you can say: "Her grades" or "His grades are below average." Or you can perform below expectations-right?-if you're measuring performance, for example. Next, for "under", basically if anything is covered, it, you know... You have to use "under". So, for example: "The cat is under the bed." Right? So he's under the bed, he's covered. Or with a blanket, for example, if a blanket is covering you, you are under the blanket. I am wearing a t-shirt under my jacket, under my blazer. Okay? Because the t-shirt is covered, so my t-shirt is under my jacket, under my blazer. And finally: "under" can be used as a synonym for "less than". So, for example: "He's under 18." Under 18 years old. He's less than 18 years old. "There were under 5 people at the office today." So, there were less than 5 people at the office today. All right, so let's do some quick practice. I have a grammar book. I have a novel that I'm reading right here. Where is the grammar book? Well, my grammar book is under my novel. Right? Because it's touching directly, so it's directly under. Okay? Now, where is my grammar book? My grammar book is under the novel. It's also below the novel, because it is lower than the novel. All right? So, just to give you another concrete example of how to use these two very tough prepositions. So I don't want to complicate it, so I'll just repeat it one more time. Lower than, "below" or "under". Not directly under, use "below", like if you're climbing a mountain, for example. […]
English Grammar: "BEEN TO" or "GONE TO"? English Grammar: "BEEN TO" or "GONE TO"?
2 years ago En
What's the difference between "I've been to London" and "I've gone to London"? Is there a difference at all? Watch this video to find out when to use "been" and when to use "gone" in present perfect sentences. English grammar can seem confusing, but here at EngVid we make things easier by breaking it down and explaining the logic behind it all. Once you understand the rules, you'll know how to use the language. After you watch the lesson, make sure you understand it by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/been-to-gone-to/ . See if you can score 10/10 this time! Good luck! TRANSCRIPT Oh, wow, I've definitely never been there before. Have you been there before? While we're on that topic: Hey, everyone, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on two commonly used and sometimes confused words in English. And those two words are: "been" and "gone". Now, these two words, I say they are commonly used and sometimes confused because they are often used in a similar way, in a similar context, but there is one situation where only one of them works. Before we begin: What is "been", what is "gone"? Grammatically, these are past participles. And today we're specifically going to look at how to use them with perfect tenses, because the confusion with the two words usually happens in the perfect tenses themselves. So, first let's look at "been". Notice the arrows that I drew here. So, if you have been to a place, this means that you went there and you returned. So, for example: "He's been to India." And by the way, this "he's", this means: "he has been in this situation", this is the present perfect. "He's been to India." He went and he returned in his life. This is a life experience that he had. Okay? So you can say: "I've been to India.", "I've been to Disney Land.", "I've been to Niagara Falls." So, if you want to talk about life experience where you went to a place, you returned from the place, it's behind you, it's in the past, it's done, it's in your life experience, "been" is usually the word you want to go with. Next: "gone". Now, I'm going to look at "gone" in a specific context which basically means you went to a place and you're still there, and you went recently. So, for example: "He's gone to India". -"Where's Frank?" -"Frank's not in Canada, man. He's gone to India." This means recently Hank left Canada... Did I say Hank or Frank? Frank or Hank? How do you not remember? That's okay, let's keep going. "Hank/Frank, Hankfrank, Frankhank has gone to India." So, he went to India maybe two days ago. He's in India now. Let's look at some more of these examples with "been" and "gone". "Been". "I've never been to China." Okay? Life experience, I've never been and returned, I have never visited China. "They had been there before." So we're using the past perfect tense, here. They had visited that location before. Ah: "We will have been in Montreal for three years by then." Now, here, it's actually slightly different. Right? Because you're not saying that you went to Montreal and you returned to Montreal, but that you have lived in Montreal for three years, or: "We will have lived", "We will have been in Montreal for three years by then." So, here is a different sense. Here, you're saying that in three years: "Oh, we will have been in Montreal for three years by that time", by a specific time in the future. Okay? So, a different way to use "been". Now, again, remember "been" is the past participle of the verb "be", and after "be" you can use many, many, many, many different things, so you can talk about your age. Right? You can talk about adjectives, your feelings. You can follow the verb "to be" with a continuous form. Right? So: "He's been playing", "He's been reading", "He's been doing". For this lesson I specifically want to focus on using it to talk about travel and life experience with visiting places and returning from places. "Gone", okay. "Jack's not here. He's gone home." Now, here we're using the present perfect. One of the uses for the present perfect is to talk about something that happened recently. Okay? And you can still see the effects, or something that just happened. So: -"Where's Jack?" -"Oh, Jack's not here. He's gone home. He has gone home." Not: "He's been home", that means he went home and he returned, and it's a weird kind of sentence. Maybe, unless he went for lunch, I guess. And here's another one: "She's gone grocery shopping". -"Hey, where is Matilda?" -"Matilda's not here. She has gone grocery shopping." Okay? So she went recently, she's there now. Next one, ah: "They've gone on vacation." So your neighbours are not here, you notice their car is not in the driveway. "Hey, where are the Hendersons?" -"Oh, the Hendersons are not here. They've gone on vacation." Okay? And last one: "He's gone to work". -"Mom, where's dad?" -"Dad's not home. He's gone to work." Okay? Recently he left the house, he went to work, he's at work now. […]
Improve your Vocabulary: English word pairs about TIME Improve your Vocabulary: English word pairs about TIME
2 years ago En
Improve your English with this useful vocabulary lesson! You'll learn 10 common word pairs to improve your vocabulary and to give you more tools to speak like a native English speaker. I'll also give you examples and explain when these expressions are usually used. The word pairs include: "now and then", "quick and easy", "then and there", "slow and steady", "little by little", and many more. Learn these short informal English phrases and you're guaranteed to sound more confident and comfortable in your English conversations. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-english-word-pairs-time/ TRANSCRIPT If you're lost, you can look and you will find me, time after time. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on some common word pairs or expressions with time. So, not just the word "time", but different expressions we use to indicate time, or different expressions or word pairs we use to talk about how long something takes, or when something happens. So, first we're going to look at five, and then we're going to look at another five, and each time we go over one of these word pairs I'll give you an example sentence, and I want you to, you know, see if you can guess the meaning of this expression from the context, and then I will tell you the actual definition of, you know, what this expression or this word pair means. So, let's not waste any more time and let's begin. Number one: "then and there". The sentence is: "I was hired then and there." Now, if you know the meaning, obviously, of "then", at that time; and "there", in that place - it means at that moment. Okay? So at that exact moment. At that moment. So, imagine you go to a job interview in this case and the interview goes very well, sometimes the person who does your job interview says: "Okay, we'll... We'll call you back and we'll let you know." But sometimes if they know that you're the right person for the job, they will tell you when... They will ask you, actually: "When can you start?" and they will hire you on the spot, they will hire you then and there, in that moment. Okay? So that's what "then and there" means, at that moment. Or: "She kissed me then and there.", "I was hired then and there." Next: "sooner or later". Sooner or later. "You'll have to do it sooner or later." So, most of us I think don't like washing dishes or we don't like doing the laundry, and we just look at it in the corner, you know, telling ourselves: "Okay, we will do it. Not now, later. Later." Okay? And maybe, you know, somebody will tell you: "Okay, can you...? Can you do it now? Because you will have to do it sooner or later." And in this case it means eventually. Okay? So, to say something a little more serious: "Sooner or later we're all going to die." You know, it's going to happen. It's going to happen. That's not the happiest memory or the happiest image, but you know, I think you get the meaning. Sooner or later. "Wait and see". Very simply: "Let's wait and see what happens." This just means let's be patient. Be patient. Okay? So, if you are watching a movie with a friend and your friend wants to know what happens next in the movie because you have seen the movie before, and your friend's like: "Oh, what happens next? What happens next?" And you just say: "Wait and see. Okay? Just wait and you will see what happens next." So, just be patient. Now, the final two on the first board are very similar: "now and then", "from time to time". Both of these, if you look at the sentences: "I talk to him now and then.", "She reads biographies from time to time." What do you think these expressions mean? Sometimes, that's right. So, infrequently or sometimes. Sometimes. Another word, maybe might be new for some of you guys: "infrequently", not frequently, and these are interchangeable. Okay? So: "now and then", "from time to time". "We go to restaurants from time to time.", "We go to restaurants now and then.", "I read mystery novels from time to time.", "I read mystery novels now and then." -"How often do you call your mom?" -"Now and then.", -"From time to time." Okay? So, we have: "then and there", "sooner or later", "wait and see", "now and then", "from time to time". And now let's look at five more. So, magic. Ooo. Hwah! Okay, so the next five. First: "quick and easy". "The test was quick and easy." So, something that doesn't take a lot of time, is not very difficult, basically let's just say very easy. Doesn't take time, doesn't take a lot of effort. So, often, if you like to cook and you see recipes on the internet or in a cookbook, you know, some of the cookbooks are called: "Quick and Easy Recipes". So, a quick and easy recipe for pancakes, for example. Okay? So something that doesn't take a lot of time and something that is simple, not complicated. The final four are all very much related to making progress […]
Advanced English Homophones – different words that sound the same! Advanced English Homophones – different words that sound the same!
2 years ago En
Congratulations! You have discovered the advanced English homophones level! By now, you should be pretty comfortable with the material covered in the beginner and intermediate homophone videos, and you're probably looking for an extra challenge. Well, don't worry. I've got you covered. In this video, I look at numerous words in English that are pronounced the same but which are spelled differently. Here's a small sample: "bald" and "bawled," "air" and "heir," "horse" and "hoarse," and "retch" and "wretch." Is any of this English vocabulary new to you? Good! Check out the video to learn their meanings, and learn to tell the difference between them. If you haven't watched my beginner and intermediate homophone videos, make sure to watch them now: BEGINNER HOMOPHONES: https://youtu.be/a6zpryGgsYc INTERMEDIATE HOMOPHONES: https://youtu.be/w91iiv7Libc Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/advanced-english-homophones/ TRANSCRIPT You made it, I made it. We are at the advanced level of homophones. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and like I said, this is level three of my homophones series, the advanced stage. So, if you don't know why homophones are important to know, let me just repeat what I said at the end of the intermediate video, which is: They're important so that you know the spelling of words, you can understand context, you can understand what people are saying when they use a word that maybe has another word that sounds exactly the same but the pronunciation is also the same but the meaning is different. So, as a recap, homophones once more are words that sound the same, but are spelled differently and have a different meaning. So, it's self-explanatory why they're important to know, but I mention it to you guys anyway. So let's not waste any time and let's level up, guys. "Air", "heir". I think you know what "air" is... Right? So, a technical definition, a mix of nitrogen, oxygen, and other small amounts of gases, or a soft breeze, or in the Phil Collins song: "I can feel it calling in the air tonight", something like that. It's a terrible, terrible voice. I'm sorry. I'm sorry, Phil. Very sorry, Phil. Or Mr. Collins, I'll call you Mr. Collins. "Heir", now "heir", "h-e-i-r", this is a noun and this is a person who has the legal right to someone's property after they pass away. Now, usually when we think about heirs, we think about it in, like, the Middle Ages where, you know, a prince is the heir to the throne of a king. Once the king dies, the heir steps up and he becomes the king. So, example from Lord of the Rings: "Aragorn is Isildur's heir", in The Lord of the Rings. Spoiler alert if you haven't seen that movie or read those books. So, Aragorn is Isildur's heir. Isildur defeated, you know, the evil wizard, Sauron, and you've seen the movie, you know. Okay: "alter", "altar". "A-l-t-e-r", this means to modify or change something, so this is a verb. For example: "Do you wish to alter your plans? Do you want to change anything or modify anything?" And "altar", the noun "a-l-t-a-r", this is a table that is used for religious rituals. So, any, you know... Many religions use altars. If you're thinking about Christian faiths, if you go to a Christian church, they will have a table in the front of the church, this is called an altar. So: "The priest is behind the altar." In the past, altars were used for other things, like animal sacrifices, and in some cases human sacrifices, like that Indiana Jones scene. Right? What's that word that they u-...? I don't remember. Anyway. "Bald" and "bawled". So, you probably know "bald", "b-a-l-d", an adjective which means without hair, having no hair. So, who's a famous bald person that I can think of? Well, if you've seen the movie Doctor Strange, Tilda Swinton's character is bald. She doesn't have any hair. Right? And "bawled", "b-a-w-l-e-d", so this is the past of the verb "bawl", "b-a-w-l" and in the past form it means cried loudly or wailed. So, let me... Let me look at some examples so you understand what I mean. So, first: "My dad bawled when he discovered his first bald spot." Okay? So, you know, balding is a process usually. When you find your first bald spot, like it's here usually, and you're like: "Oh no, I'm losing my hair." Although, bald is beautiful, too, so don't worry, guys. Just embrace it. It's okay. "My dad bawled"-like he cried strongly and loudly-"when he discovered his first bald spot". Or: "I bawled at the end of that movie." So, if you watch an emotional movie, or like the... You know, the big scene in The Lion King, for example, when Simba's father dies and when you were a kid, maybe you bawled because you were not emotionally prepared for that level of disappointment. Damn you, Disney. Damn you.
Basic English: 4 types of HOW questions Basic English: 4 types of HOW questions
3 years ago En
How comfortable are you with forming English questions? In this lesson, I will teach you four types of questions that are specific to the word "how". I will show you basic English question structure with "how much", "how many", "how + adjective", and "how + adverb". This is an excellent lesson for beginners who are just learning the language, and it's a good review lesson for those students who just want to make sure they're doing things the right way. When you're finished watching the video, don't forget to test your knowledge with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/4-types-of-how-questions-in-english/. Think of how much better you'll feel after watching this video! TRANSCRIPT How should I start this lesson? I have no idea. Okay, so I guess I'll just start. Right? If you don't know how, then just... Just do it. Just do it. Okay. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "How" questions. Specifically, we're going to look at four common types of "How" questions. Now, what I'm going to avoid is I'm not going to talk about every single possible structure with a "How" question because they follow the exact same structure as all other "Wh" questions when you're talking about "How" plus a modal verb. So, for example: "How can you know that?", "How would", "How will", "How could", "How might", and they also follow every rule that you know for question forms with the present, past, and future tenses. All 12 of the tenses. So, for that information you can check out, you know, other parts of engVid. I'm not going to cover stuff that you can do with every single "Wh" question out there. I'm just going to cover the types of questions that are specific to "How". Okay? So, number one, you can do "How" plus an adjective. The most common question... One of the first questions you probably learn when studying any language, is: "How old are you?" So: "How old", "How hot", "How serious", "How difficult". So, why don't you repeat some of these questions for me, guys? "How old are you?", "How hot is it?", "How serious is he?", "How difficult was it?" Okay, so you have "How" plus adjective. And, again, at home just get out a list of adjectives and say: "What kind of questions can I make with this? How cold, how serious, how funny, how", you know, just think of any adjective you can, see if you can make a question with it. Practice it. Next: "How" plus an adverb. So, for example: "How often", "How well", "How quickly", "How quietly". Okay? So, adverbs tell us usually how something is done, the manner in which it is done, or how frequently something is done. So, repeat these questions after me: "How often does he bathe?" That's a gross question, but it's okay. Next: "How well do you know him?", "How quickly can you finish this?" A very common question at work, if you work in an office. And finally: "How quietly can you speak?" It's a strange question. Sorry, guys, I couldn't think of anything in the moment that really makes like a lot of sense for that one. So: "How", now, these two you might be familiar with: "How many", "How much". If you don't know: "How many" can only be used with plural count nouns, so things you can count in the plural form. For example: "How many people", "How many websites", "How many books". Okay? Anything you can count-all right?-like chairs, tables, countries, whatever it is. So, repeat these questions after me: "How many people are there?", "How many websites do you visit every day?", "How many books do you read in a year?" Okay. And next: "How much", we use "How much" with things we can't count. Okay? So: "How much time", "How much tea", "How much English", "How much love", so these are noncount nouns. And if you're saying: "Alex, I can count time." No, my friend, you can count minutes, you can count seconds, you can count hours, but you can't count the concept of time itself. Okay? So... And if you're saying: "Tea, but I can count cups", yes you're counting the cups of tea, but liquid you can't. So, repeat after me: "How much time do we have?", "How much tea would you like?", "How much English have you learned today?", "How much love do you need?" Okay, good. So, like I mentioned, I'm not going to review every single "How" form for every single tense and every single modal verb because those question types exist for every question form. These are specifically question types that are specific to "How". Okay? And let me give you just two more that are slight exceptions. So, I'm going to give you one informal question that you can ask with "How", and the first one here is: "How goes?" this basically means: "How is it going?" or "How are you doing?" But if you, you know, are in a rush and you just want to ask someone: "Hey. How is it going?" you can quickly ask: "Hey. How goes?" Okay? "How's it going? What's...? What's happening?" And then last one is: "How dare you?"
Sound like a native speaker: Modals Sound like a native speaker: Modals
3 years ago En
Would you like to improve your English speaking and pronunciation skills? Could you use a lesson on how to sound more natural and fluent in English conversations? This is the lesson for you. Learn how to understand and produce common pronunciation patterns with modal verbs. This lesson covers reduced pronunciation sounds for "could you," "should you," "would you," "would he," "should he," "should have," "might have," and many more! Build your speaking and listening confidence with this very practical English pronunciation lesson, then go out into the world and sound more natural than ever! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/reduced-pronunciation-modals/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. One sec. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this pronunciation lesson on "Reduced Pronunciation for Modals". So we're going to look at a whole bunch of modal verbs and situations where you can reduce the pronunciation. Now, this is going to help you improve your listening comprehension, and also to improve your speaking so that you can sound more comfortable and more natural when you're speaking as well. So, here we have: "would you", "would he", "could you", "could he", "should you", "should he", "have got to", "has got to", "have to", "has to", "ought to", and there's going to be five more after this board as well. Okay? Now, if you're wondering: "Okay, you have 'would you', 'would he', what about: 'would I', 'would she', 'would they', 'would it'?" There's no reduced pronunciation for those so I only gave you the ones where people normally do some kind of reduced pronunciation when they have these words together. Okay? So, one: "would you", in speaking very quickly can be pronounced and often is pronounced: "wouldja". Okay? So it's like a "ja", "ja". So, repeat after me: "wouldja". So, you could say: "Hey, would you mind holding the door?" Or just like this, repeat after me: "Wouldja mind holding the door?" Try it one more time. "Wouldja mind? Wouldja mind", okay. I will review them afterwards, too. So if you didn't get it the first time, don't worry. Next: "would he" can be pronounced: "wouldee". You're basically cutting off the "h" when you have "he" with the modal in this case. So, repeat after me: "wouldee". Like Woody from Toy Story, say it like that. Okay? So: "Would he know the answer?" Or very quickly repeat after me with the reduced pronunciation: "Wouldee know the answer?" Okay? Next: "Could you", same idea as "wouldja", we have: "couldja". Okay, so you could say: "Hey, could you help me with something?" Or very quickly: "Couldja help me with something?" Okay, try one more time with just: "couldja". Good. Next: "Could he", same idea "would he", "wouldee" or you can say: "couldee". So, you could say: "Could he do it?" or you can do it, repeat after me: "Couldee do it?" Perfect. Next we have: "Should you", same like "wouldja", "couldja", "shouldja". Okay? So "shouldja" is a little more difficult for me I think. And you can say it this way, in this case: "Should you be doing that?" Or with "shouldja": "Shouldja be doing that?" And if you're shaking your head right now, saying: "Alex, I can't, I can't", let's try it one more time, let's try just saying "shouldja". So just repeat after me: "Shouldja?" And now the whole question: "Shouldja be doing that?" Okay, keep practicing. Next: "Should he", again, you have: "wouldee", "couldee", "shouldee", okay? So: "Shouldee be here?" And, again, you could say: "Hey, should he be here? Should he be here?" Or when you have the reduced pronunciation, just: "Shouldee", "Shouldee be here?" Excellent. All right, next: "Have got to" and "Has got to", so you've got "'ve gotta" and "'s gotta". Okay? So, it's just fun to do, it's like an airplane. Speaking of, think of it like this. Right? "'v gotta, 's gotta". Okay? So let's try these two sentences with the plane. You could say: "You've got to try harder", okay? Or you can say: "You'v gotta try harder." Okay, repeat after me: "You'v gotta try harder." Okay, a little faster now that the airplane is making me... Making me say it longer, like "vvv", anyway. So, let's try it a little faster. "You'v gotta try harder." Good. Next: "Has got to", "'s gotta", so: "Mark's got to go home early", or contraction: "Mark's gotta go home early. Mark's gotta go." One more time: "Mark's gotta go home early." All right, next we have: "Have to" and "Has to", very simply: "hafta", "hasta". So you can say: "We have to get a new car." Or you can say: "We hafta get". Complete sentence this time: "We hafta get a new car." And: "Patricia has to ask her mom first before she can go to the party: "Or: "Patricia hasta ask her mom first." Let's just try the "Patricia has to" or "Patricia hasta". So: "Patricia hasta", "Patricia hasta ask", "Patricia hasta ask her mom". Okay, and finally on this board we have: "ought to", so we have: "hafta", "hasta". "Ought to" is just: "oughta". So repeat after me: "oughta".
Intermediate English Homophones – different words that sound the same! Intermediate English Homophones – different words that sound the same!
3 years ago En
Homophones are words which have the same pronunciation but are spelled differently. In this video, you'll learn 10 intermediate-level homophonic word groups such as "aisle," "I'll," and "isle"; "allowed" and "aloud"; and "choose" and "chews". Besides improving your vocabulary and preventing a misunderstanding, often the double-meaning of these spoken English words can be the key to understanding jokes. So check this out and test your understanding of these words by doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/intermediate-english-homophones/ . Thanks for clicking, and make sure to watch my earlier video with homophones for beginners: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6zpryGgsYc TRANSCRIPT: Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this intermediate lesson on homophones. So this is level two of my homophones series. And if you watched my beginner video and you feel comfortable with the idea of homophones, and you've mastered "your" and "you're"; and "there", "their", "they're"; and "its" and "it's" - fantastic. And now we're going to level up and go to the intermediate stage. So, as a reminder, homophones are words that sound the same, but are spelled differently and they have a different meaning. So today we are going to look at ten more homophones or series of words that have different spellings, but have the same pronunciation and different meanings. Number one, this is a threefer, which means like three here. So we have: "I'll", "aisle", "isle". Now, I should put a star beside "I'll". Some people do not pronounce it as "I'll", some people pronounce it as "I'll", okay? Like: "I'll call you later." But a lot of people also pronounce it as "I'll", which is "I will", okay? And then this is "aisle". An aisle is a walkway. Now, it is specifically a walkway that is between a section or two sections of shelves or chairs. When you go to the movie theatre you walk up the aisle. Okay? It's a walkway, a space between, you know, when you have things on both sides. When you go to the grocery store, you walk in different aisles. -"Where's the salt?" -"It's in aisle three." -"Where's the cereal?" -"It's in aisle five", for example. And "isle", this is just the short form for "island". Okay? So, example: "I'll meet you in aisle three." If you're talking or texting with your significant other, your wife, your husband, your boyfriend: -"Where are you?" -"I'm buying milk. What are you doing?" -"I'm buying this." -"Okay. I'll meet you in aisle three." That's where the... I don't know, what's something that people like to eat? That's where the chocolate is. People like chocolate, right? Okay. And another example: "The Isle of Man is in the Irish Sea." So, the Isle of Man is a place which has an awesome flag, and it's located in the Irish Sea. It's the flag with, like, three legs and a circle. It's pretty cool. So, next: "allowed" and "aloud". So, "allowed", "a-l-l-o-w-e-d" just means you are permitted to do something, you are allowed. You have permission to do something. "Aloud", this one might be new for some of you. This means to say something vocally. Now, instead of just keeping it inside. Okay? Vocally or with a loud voice. So, for example, in this class, if you're sitting in university for example, your professor might say: "You're allowed to speak your thoughts aloud." Okay? Don't keep them inside. Vocalize them. Say them. Use them. Okay? And number three: "choose", "chews". The first one you're probably familiar with, it's just a verb which means to select, and "chews", this is the third-person version of "chew", which you do when you eat food or gum. Right? So this is chewing. So, a ridiculous example for all of you: "She chews gum when trying to choose her clothes." It's a weird habit, but she's like: "Okay, time to choose my clothes. I'm going to chew some gum and choose my clothes."
5 types of jokes in English! 5 types of jokes in English!
3 years ago En
What's the difference between a banana and a million dollars? They both have appeal. Don't get it? You will after checking out this English jokes video. In this lesson, I look at five different TYPES of jokes, including "What's the difference between X and Y" jokes, "knock-knock" jokes, and three others. These are standard English joke formats that have been used for thousands of jokes. Especially for social situations, it's great to understand their format and pacing. If you want to share any jokes of your own, please share them in the comments section, and don't forget to check out my other two joke videos if you haven't already done so. Thanks for clicking, and (hopefully) for laughing! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/5-types-of-jokes-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT [Laughs] It's funny because cats don't wear diapers, yeah. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 Types of Jokes". So, specifically we're going to look at five types of English jokes that often play with word meanings. Now, if you're learning a language, learning jokes in that language is usually, like, one of the final barriers you have to punch through before you can claim to be, like, a full mastered speaker person thing in that language. So, today let's see if we can break through that barrier for you and with you so that you can learn five different styles of jokes in English. Now, I'm not saying these are the only types of jokes. Okay? There are tons and tons and tons and tons of joke types in every language, but I'm going to look at five of the more common ones today. So, let's not waste any more time, and... Ready for it? Going to start with number one. All right. What's the difference between X and Y? A very common joke type. So, for example: What's the difference between mashed potatoes and pea soup? You can mash potatoes, but you can't pee soup. Did you like it? I liked it. I think it's really good. If you don't know the meaning of this joke, because you know, you're a non-native speaker, "pea" is a type of little vegetable... Bean? Is it a bean? A lentil? Something. Anyway, something you can make soup with. And mashed potatoes, so you can mash potatoes but you can't pee... The other meaning of "pee" in this situation. Number two. Okay, joke type number two is: What does X have in common with Y? So, for example: What does a banana have in common with a million dollars? They both have appeal (a peel). Huh? It's pretty good? Not bad? Okay. Let me explain it for you so you can, like, want to hurt me some more. So, a banana, peel. And if something has appeal it means that it is attractive, like: "Hmm, I want a million dollars." You get it now? Let's just... Let's just move on to number three. Okay, next: "What do you call a/an...?" jokes. So, for example: What do you call a computer that sings? A Dell (Adele). Yeah, I like it. I like it. I think you like this one, too. Smiled just a bit, right? If you don't know, Dell is a computer brand and Adele is a famous singer in the 2010s to 2012 period and maybe beyond. Who knows? So let's just continue with number four. So, next we have the "Why?" joke. So: "Why did", "Why do", "Why does", "Why is", "Why was", "Why were". For example: Why was the math book sad? Because it had too many problems. Yeah, that's the reaction. That's what I'm looking for. That's what I want. Okay, if you don't get this joke, math books have questions you have to answer, they have problems you have to figure out. They're just very emotional, emotional books. Too many problems. Okay? Whew. You didn't like that one? Well, let's try for the last one, shall we? Number five. Next and finally: Knock, knock jokes. You didn't think I was going to do this video without talking about knock, knock jokes did you? So, the general structure of a knock, knock joke goes like this: "Knock, knock." And you say: "Who's there?" And in this case I'll say: "Lettuce." And you say: "Lettuce who?" And I say: "Hey. Let us in. It's cold out here." You're smiling, I can see it. I can feel it. Okay. So, if you don't know, you can probably hear why this is funny. "Lettuce" sounds like "Let us", so: "Let us in. It's cold out here." Did I just touch the mic? I'm not sure. Ah, it doesn't matter really, right, guys? All right, so let's review the jokes and we'll finish this for you. All right. That's it. All five jokes. But we're going to review them one more time to maximize the pain. Now, you can tell these to your friends, make them laugh, make them cry, or both. So let's go from the top. What's the difference between mashed potatoes and pea soup? You can mash potatoes, but you can't pee soup. Yeah. Number two: What does a banana have in common with a million dollars? They both have appeal (a peel). All right? Number three: What do you call a computer that sings? A Dell (Adele). Yes, yes. And number four: Why was the math book sad? Because it had too many problems.
21 Common Present Perfect Questions in English 21 Common Present Perfect Questions in English
3 years ago En
Where have you been? We've missed you! In this extremely practical English lesson, I teach you the most common present perfect questions that English speakers actually use. These are FIXED questions that you can drop into your conversations with confidence, since every English speaker on the planet has heard them and uses them on a regular basis. The questions covered in this lesson include: What have you done? How long have you been here? Have you considered...? Have you thought about...? Have you ever wondered...? and many, many more! Watch this video to increase your vocabulary and to improve your English speaking skills. When you're done, don't forget to take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/21-common-present-perfect-questions-in-english/ to make sure you know the correct question forms. Then, go out into the world and use real English in your conversations! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/ TRANSCRIPT Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo. Do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do. Uh, hey. How long have you been there? Okay, well, let's start the lesson. Forget what you saw, but don't forget this. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Common Present Perfect Questions". So, in this lesson you're basically going to learn some fixed questions that all use the present perfect. You can use these, obviously, in everyday conversations, and hopefully after this lesson it will be easier for you to recognize these questions in other contexts, like in media or on the street, or anywhere where you hear English and speak English. So I hope after this lesson you'll feel a lot more comfortable, and you will feel like you have, you know, a lot more vocabulary, a lot more phrases and common questions that you can use to make you sound more natural as an English speaker. Okay. Ready, Totoro? Yeah, okay. So first... Well, before anything, why don't we talk about what the present perfect is for, right? So, as some of you or most of you hopefully know, the present perfect is usually used for life experience. So, for example: "I have been to China." This means that in my life experience any time before now-time is not important-I have been to China in my life. You can also use it to talk about something that started in the past, and has continued to the present. So, for example: "I have lived in Toronto since 2010." Example. And one more, you can also use the present perfect to talk about something that recently happened. Okay? And you can still see the effects of it. So, for example, if you say, I don't know: -"Where's John?" -"He has gone to the store." Okay? So very recently something happened. Okay, but this isn't totally a grammar lesson. It's more of a lesson on memorizing some fixed questions, so let's go over them. Starting with "Yes/No", and first those in your life questions, so: "Have you ever...?" Now, after "Have you ever", always use a past participle verb, so: "Have you ever been to a place?" So: "Have you ever been to China?" for example. "Have you ever seen something?", "Hey. Have you ever seen the movie Titanic?", "Have you ever seen the TV series, I don't know, let's say Stranger Things on Netflix?", "Have you ever eaten snails?", "Have you ever eaten snake?", "Have you ever received a parking ticket, a speeding ticket?" Okay? So you can ask: "Have you ever" questions to, you know, ask about a person's life experience any time before now. You don't care about the time as long as it happened before the present moment. Okay, some other common in your life questions: "Hey. Have you been there before?" So, this can be about any place. This can be a restaurant, this can be a city, this can be a dance club, this can be a karaoke bar. And you want an opinion from a person maybe to tell you about the quality of something, or to tell you about their experience with that place. So: "Have you ever been there before?", "Have you ever been to _______ before?" Next: "Hmm. Have we met before?" This is a common situation, unfortunately, for many people. If you can't remember people's faces or you can't remember people's names, and someone comes up to you, in this case let's say they come up to me and say: "Oh, hey, Alex." I'm like: -"Hey. Have we met before? I'm sorry. I don't remember your name or I don't remember your face." -"Yeah. Remember? It was at Jack's birthday party." And I say: "There were one hundred people at Jack's birthday party. I'm sorry, I don't remember." So: "Have we met before?" Okay? Next, you can use these questions to talk about something or someone that you have seen recently. So you can ask, for example: "Hey. Have you seen...?" For example: "Have you seen my phone?" if someone loses their phone, very common thing that happens. "Have you seen my phone? I left it in the bathroom. Have you seen it?"
Phrasal Verb Opposites in English Phrasal Verb Opposites in English
3 years ago En
What's the opposite of PICK UP? How about STAY UP? In this very important English vocabulary lesson, I look at several phrasal verbs and their opposites. Do you think you know phrasal verbs? Find out by clicking on the play button! Most nouns have an opposite. Phrasal verbs also have opposites, and it's important to know them. Some of the phrasal verb pairs in this lesson include: pick up & drop off, get on & get off, get in & get out, turn up & turn down, and more. These are some of the most commonly used phrasal verbs in English, so make sure you know them by watching this video and then doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/phrasal-verb-opposites-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT So then I just got out of there as soon as I could. It was... It was a terrible scene. Okay, you ready for this? Let's do it. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "Phrasal Verb Opposites". So, today with the help of my friend, Steve the spider, I am going to look at... How many? One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10 - 10 phrasal verbs and their opposites for a total of 20 phrasal verbs. That is more phrasal verbs than Steve has legs. More phrasal verbs than Steve has legs. Right? So, we'll start from the top. First: "check in" or "check into". So you can check into a hotel when you first arrive. Say: "I'm here to check in." Okay? Now, when you check in, obviously, when you finish your stay at a hotel you have to "check out" or "check out of" the hotel. So, Steve, remember that time when we drove down to the States, we went to Fun Spot which is the biggest arcade in the world, we checked into the Holiday Inn on a Friday, and we checked out on a Sunday? It was a good time. I played Pac-Man Mania for like four hours straight. Next, we have: "get in". So, "to get in", specifically into an enclosed space like a room or a car, or "get into", the opposite is: "get out" or "get out of" a place or something. So, in a car, for example: "I got into the car. She got into the taxi." So you get into a taxi or into a car, and then to leave you have to get out. Now, you can also be inside your house, and you can tell someone, it's like: "Get in, get in, get in." Or if you're very angry at them, you can say: "Get out!" Like that one time, remember that? You know what I'm talking about. All right, next: "get on" or "get onto", "get off" or "get off of". Now, this is specifically for public transportation. So, you can get on or get onto a bus, a train, a plane, a boat. And then when you leave the bus, leave the train, leave the boat, leave the plane, you get off the plane, get off the boat, or get off of the bus, or the subway, or the metro. So, you get on the metro, the trip is finished, get off the metro. Okay? Depending on which part of the world you're from, you might say the metro or the subway. I say metro because I work around Montreal, but if you go to Toronto most people say subway, so it depends where you're from. Next: "go out" and "stay in". So this means... "To go out" means to go see a movie, go outside of your house on the weekend, and do something with your friends. So after this, Steve and I are going to go out and have a little party somewhere. Don't know where. We haven't decided yet, but we got some friends waiting for us outside and we'll decide after. Now, if you don't want to go out and you prefer a quiet night in your house, in your room like Steve listening to Pink Floyd in his bedroom while staring up at the ceiling, then you stay in. So your friends ask you: "Hey. Do you want go out tonight?" Say: "No, no. Pink Floyd. I'm going to stay in. I need to take in this music." Next: "pick up" and "put down". So, very literal. Pick up, put down. Pick up, put down. So you can pick up a glass, put down a glass. Pick up a pencil, put down a pencil. And this is another meaning of "pick up", so we have "pick up" and "drop off". In this situation "pick up" can mean to get something or someone from a specific location. So you can pick up someone from the daycare. If you are a parent and you have a young child, you can pick them up from the daycare, at the end of the day you get them. You can drop them off at the daycare in the morning, meaning you leave them there. For example, after work if you're calling your friend, your mom, your roommate, your wife, your husband and they say: -"Hey. What time are you going to be home?" -"Oh. I'm going to be a little late. First I need to drop something off at the bank"-maybe a bill you have to pay-"and I need to pick up something from the grocery store." So maybe you are out of milk, you have no more milk so you need to pick up some milk from the grocery store. And, again, "drop off" not just for people, not just for kids, it can be for things, too. Both of them can be for things. So you can drop off money at someone's house, or drop off a CD, or drop off movie tickets somewhere.
English Homophones for Beginners – different words that sound the same! English Homophones for Beginners – different words that sound the same!
3 years ago En
Homophones are words that have the same pronunciation but are spelled differently. These words can really confuse English learners! Some of the most basic homophones include word pairs like "its" and "it's"; "there", "they're", and "their"; and "close" and "clothes". Learning to recognize homophones is essential if you want to make sure your writing is clearly understood, and it's also essential for building your English vocabulary. This is the first of a three-part series on homophones. If you are already familiar with these homophones, you can always jump to part 2, which is intermediate, or part 3, which is advanced. Homophones are a type of homonym, so you may have heard these types of words described before as homonyms. Thanks for clicking, and don't forget to check your understanding by doing the quiz at the end of the video at https://www.engvid.com/english-homophones-1-beginners/ PART 2: Intermediate Homophones https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w91iiv7Libc TRANSCRIPT Oh, hey. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this beginner lesson on homophones. If you don't know, homophones are a category of homonyms, and homophones are words that sound the same, but they have a different spelling when you write them and they have a different meaning as well. Okay? So in this video I am going to look at 10 groups of homophones; some of them have two words that, you know, have the same sound, some of them have three words that have the same sound, but a different spelling and a different meaning. The first three I'm going to show you, these are like the holy trinity of mistakes when people are writing English, and basically don't worry if you make these mistakes as a new English learner. I have friends on my Facebook who make these mistakes in writing all the time as well. So they're very important to know, identify, and to correct. Okay? So first: "it's" and "its". Same sound, different spelling. "It's", "i-t", apostrophe "s" is just a contracted form, the contraction for "it is". Okay? And "its" with no apostrophe is the third person possessive. It's a possessive adjective. So, for example, I was reading a book, this is The Innocent Mage by Karen Miller. I've been reading it for a few days, I'm enjoying it. So: "It's a good book and its cover..." Right? Possessive. "Its cover is really nice. It's a good book. It is a good book, and its cover is really nice." All right, I'm going to put this down for the rest of the video. Next: "they're", "their", "there". We have "they're", "t-h-e-y" apostrophe "r-e", just like "it's", if you see the apostrophe - contraction. "They are". "Their", "t-h-e-i-r" is the third person plural possessive adjective. And "there", "t-h-e-r-e" is usually used as an adverb of place. So, for example: "They're there with their dog." So: "They are there"-location-"with their"-possessive-"dog". Okay? So: "They are there with their dog. They're there with their dog." All right. And the third one... If only, if only people would not make this mistake. "You're" and "your". Again, apostrophe... As soon as you see the apostrophe, it's a contraction. So this means it's usually two separate words. "You're", "you are". Okay? And then "your" is the second person possessive, a possessive adjective as well. So: "You're not with your parents, are you?" If you're talking on the phone with your friend-possessive, "y-o-u-r", your friend-you can say: "Hey. Why are you talking, like, so funny? You're not with your parents, are you?" Okay? So, these three, I started with them because they are the most common mistakes, not only for new English learners, but also for long-time born and raised English speakers. So now we're going to go to some other ones, and you guys just follow me. Okay. Now that we have taken care of the most common mistakes, let's look at some other ones. First: "close" and "clothes". "Close", "c-l-o-s-e" is a verb which is the opposite of open. Okay? So you close a door. Next: "clothes" is a noun, it's a permanently plural noun, and "clothes" refers to what you wear, so a t-shirt, or pants, or a jacket. These are clothes. For example: "Close the door! I'm putting on my clothes!" All right? So: "Close the door! I am putting on my clothes!" Next: "ate" and "eight". "A-t-e" is the past of the verb "eat", "e-i-g-h-t" is the number, which I put there, eight. So he... "He ate eight hot dogs." Okay? There's a hot dog, I think, times eight, so: "He ate eight (8) hot dogs." Next: "here", "hear". "H-e-r-e" is an adverb of place. You are here on www.engvid.com or maybe on YouTube, depending where you're watching it. And "hear" is the verb, it's a sensory verb when you, you know, use your ears. In case you can't tell by my art that this is an ear, you hear with your ear. So: "I can't hear you from here." So when I am standing here and you're far away, I can't hear you from here. I will go closer to you or you need to come closer. Okay.
English Grammar: Using 'THE' before 'NEXT' & 'LAST' English Grammar: Using 'THE' before 'NEXT' & 'LAST'
3 years ago En
English articles are tough. When was the last time you watched a lesson about them? In this video, I try to erase the confusion between "next", "the next", "last", and "the last". The rule on using the article "the" before "next" and "last" is much simpler than you think. If you're having a hard time with this topic, you should definitely watch this video, and next time you're wondering whether to add a "the" before one of these words, you'll be much more certain. Don't forget to check your understanding by doing the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-before-next-last/ TRANSCRIPT Yeah, it was really good to see you last night. No, I had a good time. Yeah, we haven't seen each other in ages, so we can get together again next week. Next week? Okay, I'll see you next week. Okay. Bye. Sorry, that was just an old friend of mine. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on "Next and Last Vs. The Next/The Last". So, this is a very common confusion, a very common grammatical problem that I sometimes hear from people who are learning English who are at the beginner, and intermediate, and sometimes at the advanced level even. But it's okay. You're here to learn, and if you've clicked on this video, like, you want to know this stuff and I'm going to do my best to transmit this information to you. So, first: "next/last". Now, when you are talking and using "next" or "last" with a day of the week, a week, a month, a season, a year, basically you are referring to the one which means you are referring to the day, the week, the month, the season, or the year directly after or directly before the current one. Okay? So, you heard my conversation on the phone: "Yeah, it was great to get together, you know, last night. It was great to see you last night." The night before today, last night. And I said I will see them next week, the week directly after the current week. Okay? So, for example: "See you next week!" The week directly after this week, the current one. "I saw him last night." I saw him basically directly before today. Or if it's night now, I saw him last night, the night before this one. Next: "Did you call her last Friday? She told me you promised her you were going to call her. Did you call her last Friday?" The Friday before now, the most recent Friday. Okay? "Next month will be busy." So if you are, you know, preparing for the holiday season or a specific time of the year where it's going to be very busy for you, and your family, and your friends, you can say: "Next month", the month directly after this one. So, for example, if it's January, next month is February. If it's March... March, April. Yeah, I know my months. March, the next month... Well, next month after March is April. Okay? So: "I will see you next month. Next month will be busy." "I can't wait for next summer!" Okay? So if summer just finished and the weather is getting colder if you are in a country that, you know, has more than two seasons or one season in some cases, please... You know, you can say: "I can't wait for next summer. I can't wait." And finally: "We're going to travel to Prague next year." The year after this one. So if the year now is 2017, next year is 2018. Okay? So we're travelling there next year. So, you use "next" and "last" with a day of the week, or just the word "week", or a month of the year, or a season, or a specific year when you want to refer to the one directly after or directly before the current one. You got it? Can I move on to the next part? Yeah? Okay, the next part. So: "the next" and "the last". So, when you are talking about the period of seven, 30, whatever number of days, or weeks, or months, or seasons, or years, or any other historical periods, whatever - starting at or preceding, which means coming before the moment of speaking, you use: "the next", "the last". Okay, that's a lot of information, so if we just look at some examples I think it's a lot easier to understand and to see what I mean. So, for example: "The next 2 weeks will be tough." If you are preparing for exams and you have exams for two weeks from now when you're speaking, the moment of speaking, you're thinking ahead, like: "Oh, man. Next week and the week after next week", so the next two weeks, this period of time will be tough starting from my moment of speaking. Next: "The last month has been amazing." So, basically the 30 days preceding today. So a month, 30 days, or 31 days, or 29, or 28 days depending on the month and leap years, and things like that. You can say: "Oh my god, the last 30 days, the last month has been amazing." The 30 days preceding now have been amazing.
American English Pronunciation Practice: Short and Long "A" Sounds American English Pronunciation Practice: Short and Long "A" Sounds
3 years ago En
Do native speakers have a hard time understanding you? Even if you know grammar and vocabulary, your pronunciation can prevent native speakers from understanding what you're saying. This lesson will help you with the difference between the short and long "a" sounds in American English. You'll have a chance to listen to the difference between these two sounds and to practice your pronunciation with me, using common English words and sentences. If you don't understand the difference between these sounds, it can be confusing to the people you're speaking to. In some cases, it can change the entire meaning of your sentence! Watch and practice with this easy class to master these sounds. https://www.engvid.com/american-english-pronunciation-short-long-a/ TRANSCRIPT Water. Love it. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking and welcome to this pronunciation lesson on the short "a" and the long or wide "a" sounds in English. In this lesson, first I'm going to go sound by sound and give you a bunch of words that have the short "a" sound, as well as some sentences that use the short "a" sound. Second, I'm going to give you some words that have the long "a" sound or wide "a" sound, and some sentences that use them. And then finally, we're going to mix them all up and it's going to be a lot of fun. So, when you are doing pronunciation, it can be a little bit ridiculous when you're practicing because you are going to be asked in this video to exaggerate a little bit. And honestly, the exaggeration is necessary if you really, really want to perfect, you know, your English pronunciation, as well as have some fun with it. And also you should know that my English is a Canadian English/Americanish English for this pronunciation lesson. So if you are looking for British pronunciation, this maybe isn't the video. But if you're interested in Canadian/American pronunciation... Yes, I know that there's a difference, don't kill me, to some degree, but here's what we're going to do. So, first we have the short "a" sound. And for this I drew a picture of the mouth. In this sound your tongue is low, in the low position. For both sounds, actually, it's in the low position, and your mouth is only open a little bit. So your mouth makes this sound: "ah", "ah", "ah". Now, let's look at some words. And I just want you guys to repeat the words after me. We'll do it a little quickly. Okay? So, please repeat after me: "cut", "hut", "buddy", "cup", "nut", "shut", "putt", "gut", "cousin", "does", "was", "nothing", "sun". Okay, so you should hear that "ah", "ah", "ah" sound in all of these words. So, just to practice one more time let's go through the list one more time. This is going to help you, I promise. Just follow me for a few minutes here. "Cut", "hut", "buddy", "cup", "nut", "shut", "putt", "gut", "cousin", "does", "was", "nothing", "sun". Okay, good. Now let's look at some sentences with this sound. So here we have three-one, two, three-sentences that use the short "a" sound. So I'm going to say all three first, and after I'm going to go one by one by one, and I want you to try to say them and repeat them after me. So the first one is: "Buffy loves Sundays." The second one is: "My mother won some money." The third one is: "Some of the rugs are dusty." All right, now let's try them one by one. Listen and repeat them after me. We'll go word by word. "Buffy", "loves", "Sundays". One more time, complete sentence: "Buffy loves Sundays." All right, let's try the second one. "My mother", "won", "some", "money". Okay, complete sentence: "My mother won some money." All right? And the third one: "Some", "of", "the rugs", "are dusty". All right, complete sentence: "Some of the rugs are dusty." Did you say it? All right. Good. Now, let's look at the long or wide "a" sound. We're going to do the same routine, so first this sound your mouth is wide open. "Aah". Imagine you are going to the dentist. Okay? And it's a long sound. Your tongue is still low, in the low position, but your mouth is more open. So just try it one more time, like you're at the dentist: "aah". All right, let's do the words now. Repeat after me. "Caught", "hot", "body", "cop", "not/knot", "shot", "pot", "got", "coffee", "doctor", "a lot", "honest", "knowledge". All right, and just like before let's go through them one more time. From the top: "caught", "hot", "body", "cop", "not/knot", "shot", "pot", "got", "coffee", "doctor", "a lot", "honest", "knowledge". Okay, very good. Now, just like before, let's look at three sentences. And I will read all three first. One: "Rob stopped shopping." Two: "John got a job." Three: "It's obviously not!" Okay? So now let's do, like before, one by one. You guys repeat the words after me. "Rob", "stopped", "shopping". All right? Now faster: "Rob stopped shopping." Okay. Second sentence: "John", "got", "a job". O
English at Work: 10 Phrasal Verbs for the Office English at Work: 10 Phrasal Verbs for the Office
3 years ago En
Do you work in an office? Do you have English-speaking clients? In this Business English lesson, I'll help you succeed in your career by teaching you 10 important phrasal verbs that are commonly used in the office. Do you "note things down" in your meetings? Do you "back up" your files? Is your printer always "running out" of ink? Are you "keeping up" with your colleagues? I'll explain what all of these expressions mean as well as "call off", "come up", "go through", and more! Check out this lesson and improve your English for work. https://www.engvid.com/10-phrasal-verbs-for-the-office/ TRANSCRIPT Yeah, hey. Something has come up and I can't make the meeting. Yeah, can we call it off until next Tuesday? Okay. No, no. Ask her to just, you know, just fill out the registration form and we'll just see her next Tuesday. Okay. Yeah. Okay, see you Tuesday. Yeah. Bye. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this important English lesson on using English at work. And today we are going to look at "10 Phrasal Verbs for the Office". So, if you have an office job, any type of office job, these phrasal verbs are very, very common in any English-speaking workplace. So let's start with the first five, we'll talk about them, we'll look at some examples, and I'll explain them for you guys. So, number one: "to fill out". Now, "to fill out" basically means to complete. And this is usually in the context of a form. So: "Did she fill out the registration form?", "Oh, if you're interested in working here, please fill out this application." Okay? So you fill out or complete a form. Next: "to run out (of) something". Now, I put the "of" in parenthesis because you can just say: "Oh, it ran out", or "something ran out of something else". So, for example, if something runs out it means you have used all of it and there is no more left. Now, in the office usually this refers to some kind of supply, some kind of inventory item that you have no more of because you ran out of it. For example: "The printer ran out of ink." Or you can say: "Oh no. We ran out of paper", or "We ran out of pens. We need to order more pens." Okay? So if you run out of something it means you have used all of it and there's no more left, you need to order more. Next: "note down". This is very common in meetings, and "to note down" simply means to write. For example: "Did you note down the main points from the meeting?" I used to have a boss, and any time I had a meeting with him, if I came into that meeting with no paper, with no pen, he would... He would not start the meeting. He said: "Okay, we're going to have a long meeting for 30 minutes, 60 minutes, you need to note down the important points from the conversation. Alex, go get a pen and a paper." Good times. Okay, next: "to back up". Now, this context is usually used for files on your computer. So: "to back up your files", "back up your information", "back up your data" means to make an extra copy. So, for example: "Make sure to back up your files." A lot of people use, you know, online storage spaces to back up important information. You might have something in your email address, you might have something like the... At this point, the cloud or, you know, like your Google Drive or something like that, or maybe you have an external hard drive where you back up your files or a USB stick to back up your files. So it just means make an extra copy in case the original copy gets deleted or erased by accident, or because of a virus or something like that. All right, next: "come up". So, if something comes up at the office it means that something has happened or it has arisen. So, for example: "An urgent situation has just come up." So if something comes up it's something that just happens, surprises you. So, for example, if one of your employees... If you are a boss, for example, and one of your employees quits... And you're in a meeting and the employee comes in and quits, and you say: "I can't finish this meeting. Something urgent has come up. Somebody is quitting." Okay? So something comes up, happens, arises without kind of you expecting it to. Okay, next: "keep up with". So, "to keep up with something" means to follow or to keep pace with something in the context of business, office work. Let me give you one example. "Have you been keeping up with the latest news? Have you been following the latest news?" You can also talk about a business keeping up with trends, with things that are happening in their line of business now. Okay? Next: "set up". So, "to set something up" means to organize it or to, you know, get it started. So, for example: "Could you help me set up the new printer? Could you help me plug it in and make sure everything is okay, make sure the software is on the computer? And could you help me set it up?" It's not only for objects. You can set up a meeting or organize a meeting. You can set up a holiday party, for example.
How to improve your English by reading How to improve your English by reading
3 years ago En
How can reading improve your English? What reading strategies can you use to improve your vocabulary, pronunciation, fluency, and enunciation? In this instructional and motivational video, I tell you how picking up a book can not only help you to improve your vocabulary but your speaking confidence and presentation skills as well. Watch the lesson, and let me know some of your favourite books in the comments section! https://www.engvid.com/how-to-improve-your-english-by-reading/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "How to Improve Your English By Reading". So, it might be very obvious how reading can help you improve, you know, your speaking in English, particularly your vocabulary, but there are a number of reasons and a number of things that reading regularly and reading in specific ways can actually help you to improve your English, and also not only like your reading English, but your ability to speak properly or to speak confidently. And again, this applies not only to English as a second language learners, but also to English speakers, period. So pick up a book, and here's how picking up a book can help you to improve your English. So, number one: You can improve your English by picking up any book, reading out loud, and exaggerating what you're reading. You might think: "This sounds ridiculous", but if you are a second language learner, this is a fantastic way to improve your enunciation, your pronunciation, and presentation skills. Even if you're not a second language learner... English as a second language learner. So, for example, it doesn't matter what type of genre you like, what type of books you like. Me, personally, I love science-fiction, I love fantasy. And I can turn to, you know, pages in any of these books and read out loud, exaggerate what I'm saying, and just the act of doing this, of speaking out loud what I'm reading makes me feel, again, more confident speaking in front of an audience, for example. So I'll just open to a random page here and... Okay, so in this book, just so you know, there's a horse, his name is Artaq. And it says: "Artaq did not hesitate. He veered toward the Silver River. The wolves came after, soundless, fluid, black terror. Will was sure that this time they would not escape. Allanon was no longer there to help them. They were all alone." Now, what you notice is I'm... I'm trying to exaggerate: "They were all alone." Even like my l's. And focus on every letter when you're reading, because this type of reading, reading out loud, exaggerating, if you are a professional, this is a great way to build that clarity in your speech when you're speaking in front of people, and pacing yourself, how fast you speak as well is important, obviously, when you're giving a presentation. This second part... Again, this one can apply to both native speakers of English, but it's more specifically geared towards English as a second language speakers, and that is: Paying attention to word endings. And especially "ed" and "s" endings. So, specifically past tense words, like "wanted", okay? Or plural words, like "hawks" instead of one hawk, because a lot of, again, English as a second language learners sometimes forget the "ed" ending when they're reading. I've taught classes where, you know, students have to read out loud, and they're so focused on reading and getting the words correct, but the pronunciation, they just drop the ends of words sometimes, especially "ed", especially "s". So let me see if I can quickly find an example. Okay, here's one: "When he stayed on his feet..." When he... Oh, why am I pointing? You can't see that. You can't see that. So: "When he stayed on his feet" this is one part of the sentence. Again, you have the verb "stayed", so some new learners of English will sometimes read that as: "When he stay", "When he stay", and they just drop the end. So please, please, please focus on those "ed" and "s" endings, and this will really help your fluency, the ability of others to understand you, as well as your enunciation. "Stayed", okay? Number three: Pay attention to punctuation. Now, punctuation refers to the use of commas, periods, question marks, exclamation marks when you're reading. By paying attention to these things, you can actually focus on improving your intonation and your fluency; two specific things. So, the intonation refers to the up and down movement of your voice when you are saying something or reading something. So, for example, you know, raise... In the second part I said: "Raise intonation for yes or no questions." So if you notice when you're reading that, you know, this person is asking a yes or no question, then your voice should be moving up at the end. And, you know in speaking, this also improves that. So, for example, in this book there is... Okay, here's a yes or no question, the question is: "Did you find her?"
Improve your English: WHO or WHOM? Improve your English: WHO or WHOM?
3 years ago En
When do we use "who", and when do we use "whom"? In this English grammar lesson, I will explain the difference between these two relative pronouns and when you should use them. It doesn't matter if you're a new English learner or a native English speaker – if you're not sure whether to use "who" or "whom", I hope that this lesson will erase your doubts. It's much easier than you think. Test your understanding with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/who-or-whom/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Who" vs. "Whom". That's right, today we are going to look at one of the most commonly confused and asked about subjects in the English language, not just by new English learners but native speakers as well. So, we're going to use some grammar terminology, but I'm also going to give you some examples that will make it very clear what the difference between these two words is. So, first I'm going to talk about how to use them in statements, and after I'm going to show you how to use them with quantifiers, and at the end I'll look at some question examples with these two. So, let's start. First: "who" and "whom". These are relative pronouns. Now, what this means is "who" is a subject relative pronoun, "whom" is an object relative pronoun. What does this mean? Well, this means that when you use "who" in a sentence to give more information about something, you are using it to give more information about a subject. When you use "whom", you're using it to give more information about the object of a sentence. So let's look at some examples first with "who". Number one: "I have an uncle who works for Apple." Number two: "There's someone who is waiting for you." Number three: "Tom, who's been working here forever, recently found a new job." What do they all have in common? Well, they all have a subject, a person who you're giving more information about. So, I'm going to mark things up a little bit so you can see how this works. "I have an uncle who works for Apple." Who are you giving more information about in this sentence? You are giving more information about your uncle. So you have "who", and "who" relates to an uncle. Now, this uncle is doing an action. The uncle works for Apple. So, if you have a subject, you're giving more information about the subject, and the subject is doing an action after who, then you use "who". All right? "I have an uncle who works", he works for Apple. Next: "There is someone who is waiting for you." So we have "who". Who does "who" relate to? "Who" relates to "someone", a mystery person. So there's someone who is waiting for you. Yes, we are giving more information about someone, and the someone is doing an action. So here they are waiting. So I have someone... There is someone who is waiting. They are the ones who are doing the action. Next: "Tom, who's been working here forever, recently found a new job." So we have "who", I'm just going to mark "who's", "who has" been working. And yes, we are talking about Tom. And we are saying that Tom has been working here. So if the subject of the sentence is doing the action here, then you need to use "who". Next: "whom". Three sentences. One: "Ghandi is someone whom most people admire." Two: "That's the guy whom she married." Three: "My best friend, whom I've known for 10 years, is getting married." So, what's the difference between these sentences and the sentences with "who"? Hmm. "Ghandi is someone whom most people admire." Yes, the sentence is about Ghandi. We are talking about Ghandi in this sentence. But also important: Is Ghandi doing an action in this sentence or is he receiving an action in this sentence? Here we have: "Ghandi is someone whom most people admire." The sentence is actually talking about the people who admire Ghandi. The people are doing an action to Ghandi, and Ghandi is receiving the action in this sentence. So, here, and this is true in most cases, after "whom" you usually have someone who does the action to someone else. So: "Ghandi is someone whom most people admire." Next: "That's the guy whom she married." We see "whom". Who does "whom" relate to? Yes, we are talking about the guy, but the guy is receiving the action. He's actually an object here, because she married him. Now, I don't mean that the man is an object and the woman is the... An object in many cases, so I don't mean any of that. But grammatically, that's the guy whom she married. The guy is receiving the action of marriage from her. And finally: "My best friend, whom I have known for 10 years, is getting married." Here we have "whom". Who are we talking about? Okay, my best friend, yeah. But my best friend is receiving an action here. I have known my best friend. Okay? So here, I'm saying I have known my best friend. I have known him or her. Okay?
The 10 Most Common "WHAT" Questions in English The 10 Most Common "WHAT" Questions in English
3 years ago En
What's one of the most difficult parts of learning a language? Asking questions! In this important lesson, I make it easier by looking at more than 10 common WHAT questions. This video includes these questions and more: "What's happening?", "What's up?", "What's that?", "What did you do?", and "What's the point?" So what are you waiting for? Watch the video to improve your English speaking confidence and fluency. Take a quiz on this lesson! https://www.engvid.com/the-10-most-common-what-questions-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Que? Mah? Ta? Qua? Cosa? What? Doesn't matter what language you say it in, the word: "what" means you want more information. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "Common 'What' Questions" in English. So, we are going to look at a bunch of questions that use the word "what". Now, again, "what" means you're usually looking for more information. It's one of the most common question words, which is why this lesson is important for you guys. Just like the other question lessons, we are going to focus on pronunciation, fluency, and... What was that thing? Pronunciation, fluency, structure. Definitely the structure. Very important to make sure the words are in the correct order. Whew, I'm out of breath, guys. Okay, let's go. Here we go. Number one: "What is your name/email/number/address?" So, you can ask a person for their name, for their email, for their address, for their phone number. You can also say: "What's her name?", "What's his name?", "What's their address?" for example. Okay? So, repeat after me and try to focus on quickness and fluency: "What's your name?", "What's her email?", "What's his number?", "What's their address?" You can even ask yourself, for example, if you forget something, like: "What's my password?" Okay? Like for your bank account, or your Facebook, or something you signed up for like many years ago or you've had the password automatically set, you can say: "What's my password. Wait. What's my login again?" Okay? So, next, very common: "What's this?", "What's that?" Okay? Many contexts. I'm thinking of a restaurant, for example, your friend gets something that you have never seen before and you're like: "Oh. What's that? That looks delicious." Okay? Or you get a meal and you didn't order it, you'll say: "What's this?" Okay? So please repeat after me, and again, focus on quickness: "What's this?", "What's that?" Very good. And next, similar to: "What is this?", "What is that?": "What is it?" Okay? Now, this question can be used in many different contexts. It could be similar to: "What's this?", "What's that?", "What is it?" It can also be a question you can ask someone if you think something is bothering, like, your partner or your friend or somebody in your life who you care about, and you can say: "What's wrong?" Like: "What is it?" Okay? So, this is a very common question if you want to ask a person you care about, you know, if something is wrong and what you can do to help. Like: "What is it? What's wrong?" Okay? Next, very common: "What are you doing?" Now: "What are you doing?" present continuous question can mean: "What are you doing now?" Like, you're talking on the phone: "Hey. What are you doing? Oh, you're busy? Okay. Can I call you later? Yeah, sure? Okay." You can also use this to talk about the future, like: "What are you doing later?", "What are you doing tonight?", "Hey. What are you doing tomorrow?", "What are you doing this weekend?" for example. Okay? So, it just asking... You know, it is just asking a person what they are doing in the moment or their plans for later as well. All right? So repeat after me: "What are you doing?" Very good. All right, the next three, I'm going to talk about these in the context of asking a person, you know, like what is new in their life or what is going on, what's happening, what's up. Those three questions precisely. So: "What's going on?" or: "What's happening?", "What's up?" The context I'm thinking of, you're seeing a friend you haven't seen for a while and you can say: "Hey. What's up?" or: "Hey. What's happening?", "Hey. What's going on?" These questions just ask and they mean, like: "What is new in your life?" Now, a very common mistake that people make with: "What's up?" specifically new English speakers is they think that: "What's up?" means: "How are you?" "What's up?" is not: "How are you?" So sometimes I hear... I say: "Hey. What's up?" and a student will say: "Good. You?" That's not how you answer: "What's up?" The most common answers for: "What's up?" are: "Not much." or "Nothing new." Okay? "Nothing much.", "Not much.", "Nothing new is happening."
Learn 8 Phrasal Verbs with "PUSH" Learn 8 Phrasal Verbs with "PUSH"
3 years ago En
Ready to learn more English phrasal verbs? In this lesson, you'll learn 8 phrasal verbs with the the word "push". These English expressions are used in professional, social, academic, and athletic situations, so there's something for everyone! You probably already know that phrasal verbs are very common in spoken English. You'll hear definitions and examples for how these "push" phrasal verbs are used, so you can start using them yourself. After the lesson, you can push ahead and practice the English you learned by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/8-phrasal-verbs-push/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "'Push' Phrasal Verbs". So phrasal verbs, like you know, if you have been following my channel for a while, are some of the most difficult words and expressions to master in the English language. They take a verb with a preposition, which is actually called a particle in a phrasal verb, but it looks like a preposition, and they create a new meaning when you match the verb with the particle, with the preposition, whichever one you want to call them. So we are going to look at eight, eight "push" phrasal verbs in this lesson. We'll start with four, we'll do another four right after this. So, I don't want to waste any more time. Let's get started. Number one: "to push ahead with something". So, to push ahead with something means to continue with something, to continue doing something when there are problems or when other people maybe working on a project wish to stop. So you keep doing it even though other people say: "No, no, stop. It's a bad idea." Typically, you push ahead with things in an office or the government will push ahead with something. Let's look at the two examples to show you what I mean. Number one: "We pushed ahead with the policy despite unpopular public opinion." The public didn't like the policy we introduced, maybe the policy says: "Everyone must have a fake mustache on the second day of every month." I don't know. And this is unpopular public opinion, but, you know, the government says: "Oh, it's a great idea. Let's do it." So they push ahead with the policy. Second: "The municipal government is pushing ahead with its plans." So, again: "to push ahead" is to keep going, to keep pushing with something even if there are problems or other people think it's a bad idea. Next: "push someone around". So think of... If someone pushes you around, they treat you in a rude way. They act like a bully. For example: "Our boss thinks he can just push people around." Or: "My brother pushed me around a lot as a kid." So imagine you are the person who is being pushed around, you're... Someone is bullying you, pushing you in this direction and that direction, treating you like they are a bully. Next: "to push someone away" means to force someone away from you. So: "The relationship wasn't working, so she pushed him away." This means, you know, she stopped calling him, she stopped commenting on his Facebook photos, she just did not text him anymore. She pushed him away because the relationship was not working. Next: "We're friends. Why are you pushing me away?" Okay? So: "You're my best friend. Don't push me away. Come back." Okay? Don't separate yourself. Don't try to force yourself away from me. Next: "to push a date or an appointment back", this means to postpone something, so delay something (s/t - something) until a later time or a later date. Two examples: "The meeting had to be pushed back by a week." So the meeting was pushed back, delayed by one week. "We pushed our wedding date back." So we realized... There was a family emergency maybe, so we had to push the wedding date back. Okay, now we're going to look at four more. Next we have: "to push back against someone or something". This means to fight back against someone or something. For example: "They pushed back against the enemy", against the enemy army. So the enemy army is coming at them, they're pushing them, pushing them, pushing them. And then they push back, push back, push back against the enemy army. Next example: "We can't accept these conditions. We need to push back." So, this could be a situation at your workplace where you do not like the conditions, so you want to push back against the management. Next: "to push for something" or "to push for someone" means to support and advocate for something or someone. Examples: "The employees pushed for more money." So maybe, again, the employees are not happy with how much money they are making, so they go on strike and in their discussion with the management, they push for more money. They support and advocate for more money. Next: "Most Canadians pushed for Justin Trudeau in the 2015 election." So they pushed for him, supported him, advocated for him, and he won. He became the Prime Minister in 2015.
English Vocabulary: House Cleaning English Vocabulary: House Cleaning
3 years ago En
Your house is a mess! I'm going to help you to clean it... in English! In this lesson, you'll learn some common house cleaning verbs and nouns, like "sweep", "mop", "clean", "wipe", "vacuum", "scrub", "broom", and "cloth". This is an easy lesson that will help you talk about your daily chores in English. TAKE THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-house-cleaning/ TRANSCRIPT [Whistling] Oh, hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "House Cleaning Vocabulary". So, most of us, we have to deal with house cleaning. Cleaning our homes is one of the most basic things that we do on our weekends or during the week. So, let's look at some common verbs, as well as some common nouns that you can use to talk about house cleaning. Number one, obviously the most basic verb, is: "clean". So, you can use the verb "clean" to talk about anything. You can clean the floor, clean the window, clean a wall, clean a table, clean a chair. That's all you need to know about the verb "clean". Next, we have the verb: "sweep". So: "Sweep the floor with a broom." Does anyone know what a broom is? That's right. This is a broom. Okay? And sweeping is the action of doing this. So, you sweep the floor with a broom. Okay? Now, once you sweep the floor, you might want to, you know, clean it a little more maybe with some water and some soap. And if you want to clean the floor with some water and some soap, what you are doing is you're probably mopping the floor with a mop. Now, I don't have a mop with me today, but it's best to think of a mop as like a broom with a wet part at the end. So, mopping, you're going whoosh, whoosh, whoosh, whoosh. You're mopping the floor with a mop. The verb and the noun are the exact same thing. Next up, we have "vacuum". Now, what is a vacuum? Let me show you. There we have a vacuum. And it's similar to "mop" where the verb and the noun are the exact same thing. So, you can vacuum with a vacuum, just like you can mop with a mop. All right? Next, we have the verb: "wipe". And "wipe" can be used in many contexts as well. So, if I have let's say... Let's imagine this is a piece of cloth. I can wipe off the table with a cloth, for example. Or you... I can wipe off the board if it's dirty. So, "to wipe" is this action. Okay? And, again, you can use the preposition "off" as a phrasal verb, so you can wipe off a table or wipe off a board, for example. Next, we have the verb: "scrub". Now, "scrub" is very often used when you're cleaning, you know, your bathroom, or the bathtub, or the walls in your bathroom. And if you have tiles, which are, again, the square pieces like in a bathroom, you can scrub them. Okay? And normally, what you need is a brush to scrub, not a toothbrush, but, you know, a cleaning brush or what you can call a scrubbing pad. So, to really get that hard clean, to scrub stuff around your toilet, or around your bathtub, or around the walls in your bathroom. Okay? And finally, you can use the word: "Dust (or dust off) the table with a duster." Now, "dust" is something which accumulates over time on tables, on pretty much anything. Imagine it as being the little particles that build up over time if you don't touch something. So, if you can [do this to a book or to a table, you will see dust flying off of it, and you need a duster to dust off the dust. Okay? So, to review, the most common verb you can use in house cleaning is "clean". You can sweep the floor with a broom. You can mop the floor with a mop. You can vacuum the floor or the carpet with a vacuum. You can wipe a table with a cloth. And you can scrub tiles with a brush or a scrub pad. And you can also dust a table with a duster. If you'd like to test your understanding of this vocabulary, as always, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. Back to work.
How to negotiate in English: Vocabulary, expressions, and questions to save you $$$ How to negotiate in English: Vocabulary, expressions, and questions to save you $$$
3 years ago En
Want to save money? Getting the best price can be hard, and it's even harder if you aren't comfortable using the language you have to negotiate in. In this useful English lesson, you'll learn how to get a better deal by negotiating prices. You'll learn phrases and vocabulary you can use to get a better price on your car, house, or on any item at a local market. Learn about the different ways you can ask about prices politely, so you can get more for less! I'll also teach you some helpful vocabulary we use to talk about prices, like "pricey", "ballpark", "halfway", and many more. You'll also learn a little bit about cultural aspects of negotiating prices in North America. http://www.engvid.com/how-to-negotiate-vocabulary-expressions-and-questions-to-save-you-money/ TRANSCRIPT I've always wanted to do that. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "How to Negotiate Prices". So, this is a business vocabulary lesson, and today we are going to look at how to ask about the cost of something, how to comment about the cost being too high for you, and then how to get someone to maybe lower the price of something. Now, what situations can we do this in, you know, in the 21st century? This is if you're trying to negotiate the cost of a car maybe, the cost of a house, or it can be something in a local market or a garage sale. So, first let's look at how to ask about the cost of something. And I have-one, two, three, four, five-six different questions that you can use to ask about cost, to ask about the price. Number one: "How much does this/that/it cost?" For the sake of me not saying the words: "this", "that", "it" every time, I'm just going to say "this", but know that you can say: "How much does this cost?", "How much does that cost?", "How much does it cost?" Okay? So, next: "How much is this/that/it?" Instead of: "How much does this cost?", "How much is this?" Next: "How much is this/that/it going for?" So, this is an expression. Something goes for a certain amount of money. For example, say: "Oh, this comic book is going for $20." Maybe it's a rare collector's edition or something. "It is going for...", "It costs..." This is how much people are paying for it. Okay. "Hey. How much is it for this/that/it?" So you're asking: "How much money, you know, is it...? Does it cost for this? How much is it for this?" And if you want to be a little bit more specific, this one you can use in a more informal situation, like a garage sale, for example, or at the market, like: "Hey. How much do you want for this?" Okay? Or: "How much do you want for that or it? How much do you want for it?" And another one: "Is this/that the final price?" So, you're kind of opening the door to say: "Mm, is this the final price? I'm not sure I want to pay this price. Is it the final price or can I talk about it with you?" Sometimes the person you are talking to, you know, if you ask them this question: "Is this the final price?" and they'll say: "Well, you know, what are you thinking? Like what do you have in mind? What is another price we can talk about?" Now, if you want to negotiate and you want to get the price down, you need to comment and say: "It's a little..." For example, this thing, whatever, you're looking at the price and this thing... Imagine this is $500. $500 for this amazing globe. Now, you can say: "$500. It's a little expensive.", "It's a little pricey." "Pricey" is an adjective. You see the word "price", it's slang for expensive. "It's a little pricey.", "It's a little out of my price range." So, for example, you have a range. A range means kind of like from $0 to $200 is my range. That's where I can go with the price, but $500, that is ridiculous. Same with: "It's a little over my budget." So, your budget is how much money you can spend or how much money you want to spend. So, my budget to buy this globe was $300. $500 is over my budget. You can say: "It's more than I have. I don't have $500. It's more than I have." Or you can also say: "It's more than I can pay." or: "It's more than I can afford." So now you've opened the door, you've started the discussion, saying: "I'm interested in this globe, but it doesn't really, you know, match what I can pay you." So let's see where the conversation can go from here. Okay, now you've asked about the price, you've commented that it's a bit too expensive. It's time to make an offer. It's time to say what you can pay for it. So, there are a couple of phrases that you can use. You can say, for example: "Would you sell it for $200?" That's really low. You can also say: "Would you take $200?", "How about $200?" If you want to be very direct: "I'll give you $200." Okay? So, very direct, saying: "I will give you $200."
15 Common WHO Questions in English 15 Common WHO Questions in English
3 years ago En
Do you have trouble with asking questions in English? In this essential lesson, I look at some of the most common questions using "who". The word "who" is most often used as a pronoun in English, and it represents a person or persons in a sentence. Here are some examples: "Who is it?", "Who's with me?", "Who's that?", "Who did that?", "Who won?" There are too many "who" questions to list here, so watch the video to learn many more. This useful lesson will help you gain confidence and fluency in English. http://www.engvid.com/15-common-who-questions-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on: "Common WHO Questions in English". That's right, today I am Dr. Who for you. Woo, woo, woo, woo. That was not too bad. Right? Okay. So, today, if you've watched the other videos on common questions, this is the one for "Who?" So, just like those videos, we're going to practice the pronunciation, the fluency, and the structure of these questions. So I don't want to waste any time. Let's begin. First one, a very philosophical question: "Who am I?" Okay? So, this is also the title of a Jackie Chan movie, and it's also the title of another movie I think from the 2000s that's also action-based. So: Who am I? You know, if you're ever 16 years old, if you're 17, you're looking up at your ceiling while listening to whatever music kids listen to today, just: "Who am I?" You know? That's it. Just think about it. And: "Who are you?" So, you know, if you meet someone for the first time or if you think someone is acting rudely, you can be like: "Who are you?" Okay? Or, like: "Who are you? I don't know you." Like: "Who are you?" Are you, like, her brother or her sister, or who are you? I don't know. All right? And: "Hey. Who's he?", "Who's she?", "Who's this?", "Who's that?" Okay? So if you don't know someone and you're talking to a family member, a colleague, a friend, co-worker, and you want to know because you want to meet someone or you're curious about someone, and you can say: "Hey. Who is that?", "Who is she?", "Who is he?", "Who's this?" Okay? All right, so these three because they're common, you know, they say: "Who am I?", "Who are you?", "Who is she?", "Who is he?", "Who is this?", "Who's that?" I said them very quickly, and now I want you to repeat them after me. So repeat after me: "Who am I?", "Who are you?", "Who's he?", "Who's she?", "Who's this?", "Who's that?" All right, very good. Now, next, similar style of question: "Who is the _________?" Here, you have many possibilities, many different titles that you can use in this question. So: "Who's the president?" If you... If you're travelling to a new country and you don't know about the political system or the political leaders, or you're just curious about the political leader in a country or a place, you can say: "Who's the prime minister there?", "Who's the president?", "Who's the new guy?" or "the new girl", right? So, if you're working in a company and someone new comes in, and maybe you never met them before, very common question: "Hey. Who's the new guy?", "Who's the new girl?" Like, where...? Where did they come from? Okay? "Who's the teacher?" So you're taking a class in university and you're looking at the name of the class, and you're like: "Oh, this sounds interesting. Who's the teacher? Who teaches that class?" Okay? "Who's the leader?", "Who's the goalie?" Right? So if you're trying to gamble and make a bet on a team, and you want to know, you know, in hockey or in soccer/football, depending on where you're from, you want to know: "Hey. Who's the goalie for that team? Who's in net? Who's blocking the shots?" Because if it's someone who's bad, then maybe I will bet on the other team. Or: "Who's the boss?" This is only a reference. I only put this here to reference a 1990's TV show with Tony Danza, and I don't remember the actress' name in the show. She was Angela. Who's the Boss? Anyone? If you're like under 25, you probably don't know. I'm sorry. Okay, and next, I drew a door. Very common question if someone knocks on your door: "Who's there?", "Who is it?" Okay? So, again, you can also say, you know: "Who's there?" or "Who is it?" if you hear someone in a room and you thought you were alone, you can say, like: "Who's there?" Also very common in horror movies or thrillers, like: "Who is it? Who's there?" Okay? Next: "Who's coming?" or "Who's going?" So, you know, your friend is having a birthday party and you want to know about how many people will be there or who will be there, so you can ask: "Who's coming?" or "Who's going? Who's going to the party?" Okay? All right. Now, let's go back a little bit and repeat these with me. So we'll do three and three. "Who's there?", "Who is it?", "Who's coming?", "Who's going?" Okay?
17 ways to say "YOU'RE WELCOME" in English 17 ways to say "YOU'RE WELCOME" in English
3 years ago En
When someone says "thank you", we usually respond with "you're welcome". But can you believe there are at least 17 different ways to say "you're welcome" in English? In this lesson, I will teach you 17 ways that you can acknowledge someone's gratitude. You will learn when and how to use "no problem", "no worries", "don't mention it", "my pleasure", "it was nothing", and 12 more! If you want to add more variety and learn other polite formulas to respond to thanks, this is the English lesson for you. Don't forget to do the quiz I wrote for this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/17-ways-to-say-youre-welcome-in-english/ .
Learn English by playing Final Fantasy 7! Let's play and learn! Learn English by playing Final Fantasy 7! Let's play and learn!
3 years ago En
Looking for a FUN way to learn English? Have you tried video games? That's right! In this lesson, I'll teach you English from the popular game Final Fantasy VII. This game has a great story and lets you "speak" with many characters about a variety of issues. Because of how interactive it is, you can really learn a lot of English from the game, especially vocabulary, expressions, and slang. I'll go over the first half hour of the game with you, and explain the English that the characters use. I think this is a great way to learn English: it's fun, it's engaging, and it forces you to learn key phrases and vocabulary. In a way, it's like traveling to an English speaking country! If you enjoy this video and want to see more like it, stick around until the end to see my views challenge! If you liked this video, you should also watch my video about learning English with STAR WARS! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UpksX5p0J9k TAKE THE QUIZ ON THIS LESSON TO TEST YOUR UNDERSTANDING: http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-final-fantasy-vii/
Collective Nouns in English: How to talk about groups of people and things Collective Nouns in English: How to talk about groups of people and things
3 years ago En
Do you want to speak more fluent English? Learn to use collective nouns – special words we use to talk about groups of people, animals, or objects. This is an important English vocabulary lesson because a lot of these words will not make sense logically to you unless you know the meaning in this context already! Some of the collective nouns I'll teach you include: a batch of cookies, a deck of cards, a litter of kittens, an army of caterpillars, and more! Watch this video before the rhinos get me! Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/collective-nouns-in-english-how-to-talk-about-groups-of-people-and-things/ TRANSCRIPT Is it safe? Can I come out? Okay. Whew. Okay, I was just baking some cookies, but the strangest thing happened. A group of rhinos started chasing me, so now I'm just... I'm trying to escape, but I want to give you guys this very, very important English lesson first. So I'm going to put these down, and we're going to try to do this lesson before the rhinos come back. Okay? Okay, let me... Let me compose myself. Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Collective Nouns". So, collective nouns are nouns we use to talk about a group of things, animals, or people. Of course, it's possible just to say: "A group of", whatever. For example: "a group of birds" or "a group of kittens", but there are very specific names that we can give them and we do give them to make it a little more specific, I guess. Okay? So, I'm going to give you first some of the most common ones that we use, and then some that are a little less common. So, to begin: I had "a batch of cookies" at the start of this lesson. So, if you are baking and you bake a lot of cookies like I did, you baked a batch of cookies. Okay? So you can say: "The first batch is ready." or "The second batch is in the oven." or "I made three batches of cookies." All right, next: "a bouquet of flowers". I think many people probably know this one. So we just say: "Bouquet". Very French. Right? Very French. So, you can give a bouquet of flowers to your mother on Mother's Day, or to your girlfriend, boyfriend, husband, wife on the anniversary or Valentine's Day. Next: If you play poker, you need "a deck of cards". Right? It's not a group of cards. It is a group of cards, but we don't say: "Hey. Do you have a group of cards?" We say: "Do you have a deck of cards?" Okay? Next: Birds, if you have many birds, a group of birds together, they are called: "a flock", "a flock of birds". Okay? In the 1980s there was a band called "Flock of Seagulls". A seagull is that white, annoying bird in public, and they had a famous song, "I Ran", went like: "And I ran, I ran so far away..." Doo, doo, doo, doo. Whatever the lyrics were. I don't remember them. So, "a flock of birds", "a flock of seagulls." Next: For cows and buffalo, you can say: "a herd", "a herd of cattle", "a herd of buffalo". If you have kittens, baby cats, baby dogs, you say: "a litter of kittens", "a litter of puppies". So, for example, in the movie 101 Dalmatians, a famous Disney movie where there are 101 baby puppies, baby Dalmatians, that is a litter of 101 puppies. Next: "a pack of wolves", or dogs, or hounds. So, the movie, Frozen, very popular amongst young people, girls-my daughter loves it-there's a scene where Anna and Kristoff are escaping in the forest and behind them there are a bunch of wolves, a group of wolves, so you can say: "A pack of wolves is chasing them." All right? Next: "a panel of judges" or "a panel of experts". If you watch TV shows, like The Voice, or American Idol, and you have one, two, three judges... Usually you have the nice one, and the annoying one, and the one who's really hard on people. This is a panel of judges. Okay? Or a panel of experts. "A school of fish", so I'm going to tie this to movies again. If you have seen Finding Nemo, any time you see that big group of fish travelling together, that is called "a school of fish". Yes, just like go to school, the same thing. A school of fish. And finally: "a wealth of information". Now, information is non-count. You cannot say: "One information, two informations, three informations". You can say: "A lot of information" or "A wealth of information". All right. Let's look at some more on this side. A little less common, here. We have: "an army of caterpillars". It sounds really cool. Right? So, caterpillars become butterflies, but if you have a lot of caterpillars together, that's called "an army of caterpillars". I don't recommend you Google search "army of caterpillars", especially if you don't like insects because some of the pictures of the caterpillars all together, and being furry, and fuzzy, and... Uhgl. It's not very nice if you don't like insects. Also, "army" like: "an army of soldiers". Or in this case, on my shirt, an army of stormtroopers from Star Wars.
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