Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]
Do you want to improve your English? Do you want to feel more confident? Do you want these results as fast as possible? My English lessons, shortcuts, and tips can help you achieve your goals. You can upgrade your speaking, writing, listening, grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, business English, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. From years of experience, I choose the topics that English learners need to make the greatest improvement in the shortest time. You can save time, money, and effort by watching these free lessons. Click the SUBSCRIBE button now for improved English and greater success in your personal, academic, and professional life. All the best!

113 videos
Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English
1 week ago En
Want to speak more naturally in English? I'll show you what happens when native speakers use "to", "for", and "from" in normal conversation. Listen to how these words are reduced and shortened. Learn how to make these three simple changes in your own speaking style. After this lesson, you will understand native English speakers more easily and they will understand you! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you some simple ways in which you can understand native English speakers when they speak, and some simple changes you might want to make when you speak so that they can understand you more easily. Okay? So let's look at what they are. They will involve these three prepositions, which we use very often. Right? They are: "to", "for", and "from". Now, normally, if we just say this word: "to", "for", or "from", then we would say it like that, but you don't normally just say the word: "to", or "for", or "from"; you usually use it in a sentence. Right? So what happens when a native speaker or you use this word in a sentence? Right now what you're probably doing is actually still saying it like that, as if it was alone, like: "to". But what happens when we use it in a sentence is we don't say: "to". With this one, we say: "t'". We say: "t'", "t'", "t'". So what happened to it? It became shorter, it became reduced, it became a little less stressed. Okay? Now, the word: "for", what do we actually say when we're using it in a sentence? We don't say: "for", we, again, shorten it or reduce it, and we say: "f'r", "f'r", "f'r". Okay? I know it sounds weird when I'm saying it like this, but you'll see how it works when it's in a sentence, and then you will be able to understand what people are saying when they speak at normal speed. All right? The third one: "from" by itself sounds like "from", but when we use it in a sentence we're shortening it and it ends up sounding like this: "fr'm", "fr'm", "fr'm". Okay? Did you hear that? All right. Now, because you are used to saying what you see, what I'd like you to do for this first part just to train your ears right now is close your eyes and just listen to me as I read out some sentences. Okay? Doesn't matter. Just try to hear it. "I love to read.", "He wants to go home.", "She's going to the store." So what do you hear there? You can open your eyes for a second. Even though we had: "I love to read", we didn't say: "I love to read." I said: "I love t' read.", "He wants t' go home.", "She's going t' the store." So: "to" became "t'". Okay? All right. Again, close your eyes for the next three. "I'm waiting for someone.", "Our house is for sale.", "Good for you." Okay? Open your eyes. Again, you had the word "for" there but it went much faster. Now try to match what I'm saying with what you see. "I'm waiting f'r someone.", "Our house is f'r sale.", "Good f'r you." See how the "for" became "f'r", "f'r"? Okay? Close your eyes again. "I'm from Canada.", "It's from your brother.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00." Okay? So: "I'm fr'm Canada", not: "I'm from Canada." Okay? We don't need to say each word separately. "I'm fr'm Canada.", "It's fr'm your brother.", "fr'm", "We work fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00." Okay? There you had two of them: "fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00". Okay? So, sometimes you have to train your ear and sometimes you have to train your eyes to not necessarily say exactly what you see. All right? And that's what we're going to practice next when you actually practice saying them. All right? Here we go. Oh, I forgot something. When the word "for" is used at the end of a sentence or a question, then we do say: "for". Okay? That's a bit of an exception. For example: "What's this used for?" We don't say: "What's this used f'r?" Okay? That's was when it's in the middle somewhere, but when it's at the end then we do pronounce it that way. So: "What's this used for?", "What's this used for?" Okay? So then we are saying "for". Now we can practice. Okay, so now let's see if you can make the small changes that you need to make in these three prepositions in order to sound a little bit more natural. So, what are those changes again? "To" becomes "t'", "for" becomes "f'r'", "from" becomes "fr'm". Okay? So, let's try it. "It's going to rain." You say it. "It's going to rain.", "It's going t' rain." Okay? You can repeat after me or you can try to say it with me, or before me. All right? Number two: "She worked there for a year.", "She worked there f'r a year." Not: "for a year", "f'r a year". Good. "I'm free from Sunday.", "I'm free fr'm Sunday." Good. […]
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How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals
4 weeks ago En
You’re working on your English, but do you have a plan? In this special video, you’ll build your English learning plan by answering six simple questions. Based on your specific goals, I’ll tell you how to achieve them with free and/or paid options. You'll learn what areas of English you can work on by yourself, and when you need the help of an English teacher. I’ll explain when you should take group classes and when private lessons with an English tutor are better. If you’re here, you want to learn English. It may be for academic, professional, or personal reasons, or to pass an English exam, such as TOEFL, or IELTS. These days, there are many options for you to learn English: books, videos, online, English schools, private tutors, Skype, newspapers, movies, music, and so many more! I’ll discuss each of these methods and how they can help you reach your goal quickly, and efficiently, regardless of your budget. I’ve helped thousands of English learners reach their goals, and I know you can do it too! To contact me about private online lessons, go to https://www.RebeccaEzekiel.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this special lesson I'm going to show you how to plan your English learning so that you can get the best results based on your needs. And in order to identify your needs, we're going to go through a series of questions. Okay? Now, these are the same questions that I use with my consulting clients from all over the world to help to find the best path for them to achieve their goals. And I believe, if you follow these steps, you will be able to do the same thing. So what you might want to do is to grab a piece of paper, and as we go through the questions, make some notes for yourself. Okay? And then by the end of the lesson, you may actually have a much clearer idea of what the next step is in order to achieve your English learning goals. Okay? And also, what are the best strategies that you can use to get there. Okay? So, are you ready? Let's get started. Okay, so the first question that you need to ask yourself is: "Why are you learning English?" Now, I know that sounds pretty obvious, like: "Why? Well, okay. I need to... I have to..." These are some of the things that I hear upfront, then when we go a little bit further we start to get more real reasons. And why is that important? Why is the "Why?" of our life important? Because the "Why?" is the motivation, the "Why?" is your fuel to reach... To help you take this journey. Okay? Learning English is a journey, and you need that motivation and you need to know clearly: "Why am I doing all of this?" And so, in order to do that... First somebody might say to me: "Well, I'm learning English for my job." I say: -"Okay. Why are you learning English for your job?" -"To get a better job." -"Why are you trying to get a better job?" -"To earn more money." -"Why are you trying to earn more money?" -"Because I have to provide for my family." -"Why do you have to provide for your family?" -"Because I love them. They're the most important thing in the world with... to me." Okay, now we found the real reason. It wasn't just that you're learning English for your job, you're learning English for your family who you love with all your heart. So, like in everything, there's a rational reason why we do something and there's an emotional reason. If you can find your emotional reason, then along with your rational reason, now you have really strong motivation. So ask yourself these questions, okay? Because nobody has to do anything; we choose to do something. Find your: "Why?" and you will have the strongest motivation to achieve your goals. Okay? So, now, more specifically, let's look at some of the "Whys" that people have usually. So, number one: University. Let's suppose you're trying to get into university. Why is it important to know that? Because the "Why?" is also going to determine the "What?" What you need to study. So what's your "Why?" Is it to get into university? If so, then you need to focus on academic English. All right? And that's actually an entire field of English language learning. It's called English for academic purposes. Then you need to get those kind of books, attend those kind of courses, work with teachers who have experience in those areas. All right? Why? Because your needs are very specific. Right? Your needs are to be able to write papers and assignments at a university level, to understand lectures, to read textbooks with lots of technical vocabulary. Right? So that's why focusing in on your "Why?" to get into university will help you to determine your "What?" All right? There are many more questions. Let's suppose your "Why?" is an exam, you need to pass an exam. Then... Let's suppose it's the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or the PTE, then your study strategy is completely different. Right? From somebody else, because these exams are like a world in themselves. […]
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Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1 Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1
1 month ago En
This "Speak like a Manager" lesson teaches you eight English verbs with hundreds of uses. A real vocabulary hack to learn English faster then ever! Learn to use the words identify, resolve, motivate, focus, minimize, maximize, generate, and implement. These verbs are especially useful in business and professional situations. You'll learn powerful collocations or word combinations to use these eight advanced verbs in hundreds of creative ways. Make sure to subscribe to get all the lessons in my Speak like a Manager series (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf). GET THE FREE LIST OF 100+ BUSINESS ENGLISH COLLOCATIONS HERE: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/speak-like-a-manager-100-business-english-collocations/ TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-verbs-1/ WATCH NEXT: How to change basic English into business English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZDNgtAsbw&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDb5ilkSD089gY2UwKiP72S7&index=4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Today I'm especially excited to welcome you to a new series that I've created called: "How to Speak like a Manager". In this series you will learn how to take general English and upgrade it to business English. Okay? And we'll be doing that by looking at different verbs that you can use, adjectives, nouns, and so on. Okay? But today in this lesson we will be focusing on eight verbs. But you might be asking: "Only eight verbs and I can become a manager?" Well, yes. "Why?" Because I'm going to show you how these eight verbs, to start with, can actually be used in hundreds of ways, in different collocations or combinations of words, so therefore you'll be able to use them in all kinds of situations. Definitely in professional situations, but also in social situations or personal situations. Okay? So, let's start right now. Okay. So let's suppose what you want to say in general English or regular English is something like this: "I need to find out what's wrong." Okay? Now, on this side is all the regular English or the general English. Okay? And on this side we're going to express the same idea, but in higher English, in more advanced business English or more professional English. And you're going to help me because I didn't write the word in yet. You're going to help me because perhaps you already know some of these words, but even if you know them you might not realize how many different ways we can actually use those same words, and that's what I want you to be able to do. Okay? So suppose your idea in your mind is that: "I need to find out what's wrong." So how can we say that in more professional English? "I need to", the verb starts with "i": "I need to _______ the problem. I need to identify the problem." Okay? So, our first word today is "identify". Say it after me: "identify the problem". Good. Now, suppose the idea you're trying to convey is: "I need to fix the problem." Okay? "Fix" is a very ordinary word, so what better word could we use here? "I need to _______ the issue or the issues. I need to", you might know this word. "I need to resolve", okay? So, "resolve" is just like "solve", but usually we say: "Solve the problem", but we might say: "Resolve the issue". And "resolve" is an even higher, more advanced word. And the higher vocabulary that you use, the more professional you will sound. Okay? And that's what our goal is. Right? Okay, next: "I need to give people confidence." So what's a good word or verb for that? "To give somebody confidence" is to, something starts with "m": "I need to _______ my employees. I need to..." Do you know this word? I'm sure you've heard it. "Motivate". Okay? Say it after me: "Motivate" or "motivate". You can say the "t"; sometimes it's easier and clearer for people to understand you when you say the "t". So let's say the "t" now: "Motivate. I need to motivate my employees" or: "I need to motivate my employees." Okay? Instead of saying: "I need to give people confidence", because you see that all the verbs here are very ordinary, everyday verbs, and those are higher-level verbs. Next: "I need to give clients my attention." Again, we have a very weak verb here, so how can you say that: "I need to give my attention to my clients or give clients my attention"? The word... The verb starts with "f": "I need to _______ on our clients." What's the verb? Do you know it? "I need to focus", okay? Say it after me: "Focus". Be careful how you pronounce this word because otherwise it can sound improper. All right? "I need to focus on our clients." Sounds a lot better than saying: "I need to give my attention to my clients." Okay? "I need to focus". Next: "I need to spend as little as possible". "Spend as little" means spend as little money. So what's one word that captures that idea, to spend as little as possible? It starts with "m": "I need to _______ our expenses or our costs." Do you know what it is? Okay? So the word is "minimize". […]
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Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE
2 months ago En
Do you make mistakes with "was" and "were"? Learn how and when to use the past tense of the verb "to be" with this simple, clear lesson. Practice using "was" and "were" in sentences and questions. An important and useful lesson for beginners and anyone who wants to review the important verb "to be" in English. Next, watch my video on the difference between Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, and Present Perfect: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0q24_bB_54 After the lesson, take the quiz to test yourself: https://www.engvid.com/basic-english-grammar-was-were/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use the past tense of the verb "to be". Now, as you know, the verb "to be" is a really important verb, so in this lesson you'll learn how to use the words "was" and "were" correctly in English. Now, this is a beginner's lesson, but even if you are at any level and you just want to review the basics, this lesson will help you. So, let's get started. So, the verb "to be", of course, can be used in the present, in the past, and also in the future. But in this lesson we are focusing on how to use it in the past. I'm going to just review very quickly how to use it in the present, but I think you already know that. Right? Okay. So, when we say: "The present", what do we mean by that? It could mean right now, it could mean this year, it could mean today. Right? So, for example: "I am at work right now. Yesterday I was at home." So when I say "was", that's the past. The past can be yesterday, last night, last week, five years ago; any time before now is the past. Okay. So, let's take another example. "He is a manager this year. Last year he was a worker". "He is" becomes "He was". Next: "She is in London today. Yesterday she was in Paris." Again, "is" became "was". Another example: "It is cold today. Yesterday it was hot." So, once again, "is" became "was". So what's the pattern here? What do you see? I know you see the pattern, so the pattern is that all of these became "was". So: "I am", "I was"; "He is", "He was"; "She is", "She was"; "It is", "It was", right? So all of these: "am" and "is" become "was" in the past. All right? Let's go to some other pronouns. "We are studying right now. Yesterday we were working". "We were", make sure you pronounce that properly. A lot of people make a mistake when they say "were". It's not the word "where", like the question. It's "were". Okay? Say it with me: "We were studying." Good. Or, sorry: "We were working." All right. Another example: "You are married today. Yesterday you were single." Okay? Somebody just got married. All right. "They are here right now, but a few hours ago they were over there." Okay? All right. So, what do you see here? Another pattern. Whatever is "are" in the present tense becomes "were" in the past tense, that's all. So there's only two possibilities in the past tense: "was" or "were". Okay? So, here's a little review: "am" and "is" become "was"; and "are" becomes "were". Now, one last little point: "was" and "were" can be used by themselves. Okay? So this can be a verb used by itself. For example: "It was hot." This is just the verb "to be" by itself, or "was" and "were" can be used as helping verbs. For example: "We were working." Okay? So that's just a little something to keep in mind. Now, next, you'll learn how to use "was" and "were" in English. Now let's look at how to use "was" and "were" in positive sentences, negative sentences, and also in questions. Okay? So, as you've already learned: "I", "He", "She", and "It" all use "was". Right? "I was at home", "He was at home", "She was at home", "It was at home". "It" can be for a thing, for example, a cellphone. All right? If you want to make that sentence negative, then basically in English what we have to add is the word "not": "I was not", but when we're speaking we don't usually say: "I was not at home." We just say something a little shorter, we say: "I wasn't at home." Do you want to repeat that after me so you can learn how to pronounce it really well? "I wasn't at home." Now, when you're writing it, just remember that the apostrophe goes where we take out the "o". So: "was" and "not", take out the "o" and add the apostrophe, and then you'll not only say it perfectly, you'll also spell it perfectly. Good. So: "I was", "I wasn't". And then to make a question, we just change the order. Same word, right? "Was I at home? I don't remember.", "Was he at school?", "Was she at work?", "Was it on the shelf?" Okay? So you're just changing the order when you make a question, so that's pretty straightforward. Now let's look at what happens with: "We", "You", and "They". For that we have to use "were". "We were", "You were", "They were". And how do we make it negative? Again, you only add the word "not". […]
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Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method
2 months ago En
No more confusion! Learn my simple trick to using "at", "on" and "in" for better English and higher grades. Master these common prepositons of time to speak and write more fluently. After watching, go get my free resource on the rules, expressions, and exceptions when using "at", "on" and "in" in English at https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-expressions-using-at-on-and-in-prepositions-of-time/ You can also take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. By the end of this lesson you will learn how to use three of the most confusing prepositions in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in", as applied to time. Now, if you think you're alone in having problems with these little words, you are not alone. Many students have difficulty with these words because they're different in their native languages and probably in yours. Right? So, what do you do? Well, keep watching because I have found a solution which has helped many of my students, and I think it will help you, and that is by using a pyramid or a triangle-okay?-to learn these three important words. Let's see how it works. So, like the triangle: "at" is used in very specific situations, very narrow situations. For example: "At 5:00", "At 12:30", "At midnight", right? It's very exact. It's very narrow. "On", like the triangle, is a little bit broader and it's used for one day or one date. For example: "On Monday", or "On January 25th", "On New Year's Day". Right? Got it? Are you with me? Good. Let's continue. Now, "in" is the widest of the lot, as you can see, like in the triangle; "at", "on", "in". So, "in" covers things like months, seasons, years, decades, centuries, and any kind of long period. For example, we say in English: "In July", "In summer" or "In the summer", "In 2005", "In the 1960s", "In the 1800s", which was a long time ago, or: "In the past". We can also say: "In the future", okay? Because it's also a long period of time. Did you get that? So: "at" for very narrow situations; "on" for little bit wider, one day or one date-right?-and "in" for the widest situations of all, more than one day or one date. Now, let's do a little practice to see how well you've understood this. Okay, now let's fill in the blanks with our three words: "at", "on", and "in". But before we fill them in here, let's fill them in on our triangle. So, do you remember: What goes at the top, what's very narrow and covers a very specific time? "At", very good. What's a little bit more than that, covering one day or one date? "On", very good. And what's the widest of the lot, covering months, and seasons, and years, and decades, and centuries? "In", okay? You've got it. Now let's apply what we've learned, because otherwise there's no point, so let's do it. So: "_______ 6:00." What do we say? Do you remember? "At 6:00." Excellent. "_______ Sunday." One day, right? "On Sunday." Very good. "_______ winter." What do we say? It's a long period of time, especially in Canada where I live, okay? So: "In winter." We can also say: "In the winter." Same thing. And: "_______ Independence Day." It's one day, so we need to say: "On Independence Day." Okay? Very Good. Now let's continue to some sentences, because that's how you actually use the language. Number five: "See you _______ noon." "See you..." Now, what's "noon"? "Noon" means 12 o'clock in the afternoon, it's a precise, exact time, so we say: "See you at noon." Very good. Number six: "I'll call you _______ Friday." "I'll call you on Friday." Very good, because it was one day. Next one: "We have a meeting _______ 4:30." "We have a meeting", specific time, which one? "...at 4:30". Very good. And the last one: "They're getting married _______ March 9th." It's one day, okay? One date. So, it is this one: "They're getting married on March 9th." Okay? So, you can see that the triangle can help you to remember which preposition to use when. Now, here's some more things you can do to help you remember this really, really well. First of all, go to our website at www.engvid.com, and there you'll find a resource which I've written which explains all of this, and also you can print it out, you can download it for free. Everything is for free; no cost. Okay? And there you'll find exercises and explanations of this, and also an explanation of some exceptions and expressions that we use with "at", "on", and "in". There are about more than 50 of them. Okay? So you'll find the explanation of the triangle, plus more. Second, while you're at the website, www.engvid.com, you'll find hundreds of other lessons which can help you with your English. Okay? Lots and lots of lessons at different levels; beginner, intermediate, advanced, business English, pronunciation, grammar, IELTS, TOEFL, you name it. Okay? It's all available and it's all for free.
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The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making! The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making!
3 months ago En
Test yourself and find out if you make any of these mistakes in English! These are some of the worst mistakes people make in English -- but they are also very common. Both native speakers of English and English learners make them. I'll show you have to correct these writing and speaking errors quickly and easily. If you need more help with any of these issues, you can watch an entire lesson that focuses on it. Here are the individual lesson videos on each point: 1. YOUR & YOU'RE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRxod7diTkU 2. WHO'S & WHOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04YAkWJw3Js 3. IT'S & ITS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-_vU1WlKTA 4. THERE & THEIR: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3SAngtK4lg 5. LOSE & LOOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWHikwIGTvs 6. GOOD OR WELL?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xS1Krim0TUo 7. DO & MAKE resource page: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/do-make-expressions/ 8. AT, ON, IN – PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efuX_K-6ThY 9. I OR ME? SHE OR HER? THEY OR THEM?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHCUX5P0ow 10. PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDuZNqIeURA QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-worst-english-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you'll find out if you make any of the 10 worst mistakes in English. Now, even though it seems like I'm joking, it's actually quite serious. These mistakes could make you fail an exam or a job interview, they could make you lose a sale or a client, they could also ruin your presentation, or worse still, your reputation. You really don't want to be making these mistakes. And luckily, you found this lesson, so at the end of this lesson you will know exactly what to do to fix these mistakes in case you make them. And if you don't make them, then you can feel really good and confident about the English that you do speak. Okay? So, let's get started. The first one... Now, I should say that the first five are all written mistakes, that is if you say these things, nobody will be able to tell what you're saying, but if you write them down then they will see your mistake. In other words, they are spelling mistakes, but the spelling mistake is based on a grammatical mistake that you have misunderstood something in English. Okay? But I'm here to explain it to you, so no worries. Here we go. Number one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or "You're late". Now you see, they sound the same, but this one is written "y-o-u-'-r-e". Have you seen this mistake on the internet? I see it all the time, but not by you I hope. So, what's the right answer here? The first one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or the second one? Okay? So, the correct one is this. This is the correct one, this is wrong. Why? Okay? "You're late" like this is what? "You are", it's a contraction or short form of "You are", and the other one: "Y-o-u-r" is a possessive form of "You". It means this is your book, this is your brother, etc. Okay? So: "You are late." is what you wanted there. Second one: "Who's that?", "W-h-o-'-s" or: "Whose that?", "W-h-o-s-e"? Which is correct? Well, this one is correct, and this is wrong because: "Who's that?" is short for: "Who is", "Who is that?" Again, it's a contraction or a short form. Right? And this one: "Whose" is a possessive word to ask: "Who does this belong to?" Okay? That's not what you want to say here. Number three: "It's time to go." or "Its time to go." Again, remember they sound exactly the same, they are what are called homonyms, but don't worry about that. You need to know how to spell, so is it like this or like this? Well, this is correct, this is not. This is, again, a contraction for: "It is", right? "It is time to go. It's time to go." This: "Its" with no apostrophe is the possessive form of "It", it shows that something belongs to it. All right? That's not what you want to use here. Next: "There here", "Their here", or "They're here". Again, they sound the same, but what's the correct spelling? Which word do you really want? So, we want this one. "They are here." Okay? It's a contraction. This one: "There" is the opposite of "Here", and "T-h-e-i-r", "Their" is the possessive form of "They", it means something belongs to them, and that's not what you want in this example. The last one here is: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Now, some people don't pronounce it correctly so they end up sounding the same, they actually pronounce differently, and spell differently, and the meaning is completely different. Okay? So: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Which is the right one? This is correct, and this is wrong. The first one: "lose" is a verb because that's... It means... Okay, like something is lost, you lost it. You lose something. And "loose" means not tight, like: "His pants were very loose", not tight. […]
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How to read and write the date, and how NOT to! How to read and write the date, and how NOT to!
4 months ago En
If you don't know how to write the date correctly, you could lose your job. Are you scheduling a meeting, organizing an event, or planning a party? Watch this lesson first to avoid confusion. By reading or writing the date incorrectly, you could lose your job, miss an event, or even DIE. The date is written differently in different parts of the world, so it is important to know how to write for the people in your life. I'll show you how the date is written in different parts of the world, and teach you how to ALWAYS use the right date format. You'll learn when to write the date in words, when to use numbers, and what DD-MM-YY means. This lesson is important for everyone, but especially those who work with people from other countries. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-read-and-write-the-date TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and I have a simple question for you today. What date is this? Look at it, and tell me what date it is. Now, you probably said one of these. You might have said: "April 3rd, 2018" or "the 4th of March, 2018", and that's the problem, that not everybody who is watching this video from different parts of the world said the same thing. Can you imagine all of the problems that would ensue, that would follow if you announced this date for a major event where people from all over the world are going to attend? You could lose your job for this one, and I'm not exaggerating. This is a really serious point to learn in today's lesson. Okay? Now, let's take it a little bit further. Let's imagine that you're organizing a conference. Let's pretend you're organizing a lecture at a university, or let's pretend that you're planning a wedding for a friend and you're sending out invitations. Okay? Let's see what happens if you write the date like this. Lots of interesting things, I assure you. All right, so let's see what happened. If you sent out an invitation or an announcement with the date written like this: "04-03-2018", the Americans and Filipinos wrote: "April 3rd, 2018" in their diaries. In the meantime, the Brits, Germans, Russians, Mexicans, Indians, and a whole lot of others wrote: "4th of March, 2018" in their diaries. Already confusion is on the horizon. Right? Lots of expenses, lots of confusion, lots of issues. And the Chinese, Korean, and Japanese, they really weren't sure because you weren't actually following their system at all, so they're flooding your inbox to ask you: "Which date did you actually mean?" And all of this is leading to a lot of unnecessary problems, so I'm going to show you exactly what you need to do, when you need to write the date in words, and at other times when you need to write the date in numbers, how to do that and what guidelines you can follow. Now, of course, I'm giving you the general picture, it will also depend a lot on your company, what policies they have regarding how you write the date, the date format, and so on. But I'm going to tell you exactly how to write the date in words and also in numbers when you really have to. Keep watching. Okay. So, as I said, when you have a choice, always write the date in words. And I'm going to show you exactly how you can do that in the next segment. But sometimes you don't have a choice. Sometimes, for example, if you're filing out a job application online or a government form, or a visa application, or you're writing the date on a cheque, sometimes you're going to see little squares where something is written in the background very lightly. It's usually a "D" or an "M" or a "Y", or all of them. Okay? So what does that "D", "M", and "Y" stand for? The "D" stands for "Day", the "M" stands for "Month" and the "Y" stands for "Year". Okay? So that already will help you a whole lot anytime you're filling out any kind of form. All right? Now, these are the different options you might see there and what will... I'm just trying to show you an example of how you would change the information based on what they're asking you with the "D", "M", and "Y". Okay? So let's suppose that you're filling out an application, a visa application, and they're going to ask for your birthdate. All right? And let's suppose your birthdate is January 3rd, 1986. If the form says: "Day/Month/Year", then you would write: "03/01/86". Now, usually they have two spots available for the day and the month, because they obviously... December is 12. Okay? You can't have more than two digits for the day or for the month. So if it just says... If it just has two, four, six spots there with a "D" and a "Y", you're going to write the date like that. Sometimes they switch it around, then you'll know: "Month/Day/Year", so in this case it would become January 3rd, '86. Okay? This is a situation in which the year is only asked for in two digits. Okay? Sometimes you see it like this: Year, month, day, then you would write, in this case: "86-01-03". Year, day, month: "86-03-01".
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8 English Idioms to learn BY heart! 8 English Idioms to learn BY heart!
5 months ago En
What do you know "by heart"? Who did you call "by accident"? When will you make something "by hand"? Learn eight easy, everyday idioms in English, all starting with "by". These expressions can be heard at home, at school, and at work, so understanding them is a must, and using them is even better. Learn to do both, confidently and clearly. Let's start now! WATCH NEXT: 1. 8 IDIOMS WITH 'IN' AND 'ON': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZaFkJPMTjs 2. 5 'WORLD' IDIOMS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IufiEw4SFE 3. EASY EXPRESSIONS WITH 'OUT OF': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erA1adH1R_c TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/8-english-idioms-by/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid and today we have another lesson on idioms. "What? Another lesson on idioms?" Yes, because you can never learn enough idioms. Why? Because they're everywhere. Right? They're at school, they're at work, they're when you go out to parties. People are using idioms everywhere. Also, when you're watching TV, or watching a drama, you're watching sports, you hear them all over the place. The sooner you learn idioms, the more advanced your English will be, the more comfortable you'll feel around people because people use them and you understand what they're saying. Okay? All right. So today we're going to focus on eight idioms, not three, eight, eight-okay?-idioms that all start with the word "by". All right? So, let's get started. The first one: "by heart". Okay? Now, first of all, I've written all of the idioms here. These are the meanings, but they are all mixed up, so don't look there. Okay? You need to listen to me, and then we'll check later. All right? Let's do it like that. So, the first one: "by heart". What does it mean to know something or learn something by heart, by heart? It means from your memory, to know it just like that. For example, when you were a child-right?-you learned nursery rhymes probably, little poems that people teach children, and now if I ask you, you probably know them even though you might not have said them for years, you know them by heart. Okay? You know them from memory. All right, good. The next one: "by hand". When you say that somebody made something by hand, it literally means by hand, not by machine, that's the main point, so whether it's embroidery, whether it's making something out of wood, or making something out of stone, you made it by hand. Okay? It was not made by machine. All right. The next one, now, here there are two expressions that pretty much mean the same thing, so you might hear someone saying: "by chance" or "by coincidence". And what does that mean? That means something happened accidentally, without any planning. All right? And you were walking down the street, and by chance you met your old teacher, Rebecca, from engVid. "I remember you." Okay, all right, so that happened by chance or by coincidence. All right? And the last one here is: "by mistake" or "by accident". All right. So, have you ever called someone that wasn't the person you meant to call, you were trying to call? So then you called that number by mistake or by accident. That means you didn't plan to do it, it wasn't on purpose, it was a mistake. All right? So, now let's review them a little bit. So, if you did something without planning, just happened, then which one of these idioms describes that? It would be "by chance". Okay? There was no planning involved, it happened by chance or by coincidence. All right. The next one, not on purpose. Okay? You didn't make that... Dial that wrong number on purpose. You did it "by mistake" or "by accident" so when someone says: "Hello. Yes?" And you say: "Oh, I'm sorry, I called you by mistake." Okay? Or: "I called you by accident." All right. The next one, if something is not made by machine, then it is usually made "by hand". Okay? Good. And if you know something from memory, that means you know it "by heart". All right. Good. Okay? Let's go on, here. Now: "by the book". What does it mean when someone is the kind of person who goes by the book? When they say "the book", they're kind of referring to the book of rules, the book of laws. Okay? So, a person who goes by the book is a person who follows rules very strictly. All of us know people like this. Some people are more relaxed about rules, and some people are very strict about the rules. And those kind of people who are very strict or who are following the rules very strictly or applying them very strictly are called... We say they are going by the book. All right? Got it? Good. Now, another expression, it's a very commonly used one: "by and large". Okay? "By and large, how's the weather today? Is it a good day where you are, is it sunny, is it rainy"? "By and large" means on the whole, very generally, in general.
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Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words! Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words!
5 months ago En
Expand your vocabulary with two easy suffixes: "-ize" and "-ization". Start using advanced verbs like "westernize', "criminalize", and "democratize" in your IELTS and TOEFL essays. Use advanced nouns like "monetization", "globalization", and "maximization" in business letters. Learn and study vocabulary in a smarter and more efficient way by understanding how words are created with these suffixes. For the best results, get my free resource page, with over 200 words that follow this pattern: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/improve-vocabulary-learn-suffixes-ize-ization/ WATCH MY OTHER VOCABULARY HACK VIDEOS FOR TRICKS TO LEARN LOTS OF WORDS... FAST: Sound smarter & avoid mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE Learn 30+ verbs in 10 minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyF8qR-1JXA TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-hack-2-suffixes-200-words/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Back with another vocabulary hack. So, what's a hack anyway? A hack is a shortcut, a way for you to learn or do anything faster and more effectively. Okay? So in this vocabulary hack lesson you're going to learn not one word at a time, but you're going to learn a principle that will allow you to learn hundreds of words. Does that sound good? I think so. Because when you're learning a new language, the more vocabulary you learn, the more advanced you get. Right? So, especially if you're going to appear for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam, this is a great lesson for you, and also if you just want to improve in your career, and at work, and write better letters to your clients and your boss, and so on, and be more impressive, this is a way to do that. Okay? Let's learn how. So, one of the keys to expanding your vocabulary is to use something called prefixes or suffixes. Now, a prefix is a group of letters that you add to the beginning of a word. A suffix is a group of letters that you add to the end of a word. In this vocabulary lesson we're going to focus on suffixes that you add to a verb and to a noun. Now, these suffixes are related so that once you make the verb you can also make the noun, and so you get... From one word you're going to get three words. And there are hundreds of words like this for which I will show you where you can get a resource so you can really expand your vocabulary. Okay? So, let me show you how it's done. The suffix that we add to the verb is "-ize" in American English, or "-ise" in Britain English. And to make a noun we add "-ization" in American English or "-isation" in British English. Okay? You'll understand exactly what that means in a second. So, what does it mean when we take a word which could be a noun, it could be an adjective, and we add this suffix? What happens? What does it mean? It means that you're going to make or cause something to be. For example, if you want to make something more final... Okay? You have reservations, you want to make them more final, so we say if we want to use the verb, we want to finalize them. Okay? See? We make the verb with the suffix. Or if you want to use the noun: the finalization of my reservations. Okay? So you add another verb and you add another noun just from one adjective, so you've got three words instead of just one word. If you're using the noun... So, what does the noun do? When we add "-ization" or "-isation", we're basically talking about the act, or process, or the result of making something a certain way. For example, let's take an example from the academic world. Okay? Lots of times you have to put something into your memory. Right? Whether it's a formula, or a poem, or a quotation, or something. So, what's the verb for that? We add "-ize", let's say: "memorize", and what's the noun for that? "Memorization", okay? Now, there's a little rhythm to this and we're going to practice that so that it comes to you really easily. Let's look at something from the business world. What do people in business want to do? They want to make as much money as possible, so let's say you had the word "maximum" and you want to make it into a verb, you add the "-ize", so you say: "I want to maximize my profits", or: "Our focus is on the maximization of our profits." Okay? Or: "Minimize our cost", "Minimization of our costs", okay? Now, even if you weren't familiar with these words before you can see how you can use them and how easily you can form them, and this pattern applies not only to these three words, but as I said, to hundreds of words, and I'm going to show you a few more examples right now.
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No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules
6 months ago En
Do modals confuse you? Are you unsure how to use the words can, could, may, might, should, ought, must, have to, shall, will, or would? Watch this lesson and learn three easy rules to use modals correctly in English, once and for all! TEST YOURSELF WITH THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/modals-3-easy-rules/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use modal verbs properly, and how to avoid making the most common mistakes that students sometimes make when using these special helping verbs. Now, even though modal verbs doesn't sound that exciting, when you see what they are you'll realize that we use these verbs all the time, and so you need to know how to use them correctly. Right? Okay. So, let's look at what modal verbs are. So, these are words that express different kinds of things. For example, they might express ability, possibility, permission, obligation. Okay? And some other things like that. And they behave differently from regular verbs, and that's why they're sometimes a little bit confusing. But let's look at some examples of what modal verbs are. "Can", "could", "may", "might", "should", "ought to", "must", "have to", "will", "shall", and "would". Okay? These are the most common ones. All right. So, I'm going to give you now three basic rules that you can follow to avoid most of the mistakes that are usually made with the modal verbs. Okay? So, first of all, make sure to use the modal verb as is. That means don't change it in the present, or the past, or the future. For example, we can say: "He can swim." This is a correct sentence. It would be wrong to say: "He cans swim." Because, here, the student put an extra "s" there. All right? And we don't need to change that modal verb ever. Okay? All right. Second, use the base form of the verb after a modal. Don't use "to". What do I mean by that? For example, you should say: "He might join us." Not: "He might to join us." Okay? This is a really common error, so make sure you don't make this one. So don't use the full infinitive to join after a word like "might". Just use the base form of the verb, which is: "join". "He might join us.", "He could join us.", "He should join us.", "He must join us." and so on, without "to". All right? Very good. Now, the next point is if you need to, say, use the modal verb in the negative form, then just use "not" after the modal. All right? Don't add any extra words most the time; there's one little exception, I'll explain that to you, but for most of them, don't use words like: "don't", or "doesn't", or "isn't", "aren't", "wasn't", "won't". Okay? So, with most of these modal verbs just say "not". For example: "You should not smoke." Not: "You don't should smoke." All right? So, here the student knows and learned all these lovely words: "don't", "doesn't", "isn't", "aren't", all that and try to use it when using the modal verb, but that's wrong. Okay? So, the only exception is with the verb... With the modal verb "have to", there if you want to make it negative, you need to say: "You don't have to do this", okay? But with the other ones, we just say: "You cannot", "You could not", "You may not", "You might not", "You should not", "You ought not to", okay? So there you have to be careful where to place it. "You must not", this one I told you is an exception. "You will not", "You shall not", and "You would not". Okay? And the other thing to keep in mind when you're using this word and "not", this is a really common mistake, so the important thing to remember: This actually becomes one word. Okay? Only in that case. You don't say... You say: "cannot", but it's actually one word. All right? Most of the time, almost always "not" is a separate word with all of the modal verbs. But not with "can". With "can" it actually becomes one word: "I cannot arrive"-okay?-"on time", like that. Okay? So, now that you've got these basic rules and you've understood how it works, let's do some practice to see how well you've understood. Okay, so let's get started with our exercises. Now, the rules are written at the top just in case you didn't remember them exactly. First one, remember use it as it is, don't change the modal verb. Second one, use with the base verb. Don't use the full infinitive "to" something. And the last one: Use "not" after the modals when it's negative. Okay? All right. Try to keep those in mind, but most of all let's look at the actual examples and you tell me what's wrong with them. There is something wrong with each and every one of these sentences. Okay. Number one: "You must to finish your homework. You must to finish your homework." What's wrong there? What did the person do wrong? They added "to". All right? This was our second rule. Right? You cannot use "to".
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"WHAT" or "WHICH"? Learn how to choose! "WHAT" or "WHICH"? Learn how to choose!
7 months ago En
How do you know when to use "what" or "which"? It's easy! In this English grammar lesson, you'll learn which of these question words is more specific and limited and which is more general and wide. Watch this lesson now -- learn and remember forever! Once you learn the grammatical rule, it will be so easy for you that I think you can all get 10/10 on the quiz. What more could you ask for? TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/what-or-which/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will learn how to ask better questions in English. Specifically, you'll learn when to use the question word "what" and when to use the question word "which". Now, is there a difference? Yes, usually there is, and it's a very easy difference to understand once I explain it to you. But maybe you already know the difference, maybe you already know when to use "what" or "which". Let's find out. So, do we say: "What colour do you like?" or should we say: "Which colour do you like?" Think about that for a minute, decide something. I'll tell you in a second. And here, do we say: "What colour do you prefer - red or blue?" or do we say: "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Think about that. Got your answer? Okay, so let me tell you what we would usually say. Here we would usually say: "What colour do you like?" Why? Because we're asking: "Out of all the colours in the world, what colour do you like?" And here, we would usually say: "Which", okay? "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Why? Because here we have a specific choice. All right? So let me summarize what the difference is. Okay? So, when we use "What", we use "What" to talk about things that are very broad or very general. So here, we used it to talk about general questions or very wide, broad questions. Okay? Where the number of options, the number of possibilities are unknown or very large. Okay? "Which" is much different, it's much more specific. Okay? So, we use "Which" when we have limited options, not wide. We use it when we have much more limited options. For example, here we said: "Red or blue?" It doesn't have to be only two. It could be three, four, it could be 10, but it's limited and not unlimited. That's the difference. "What" is used when we're asking about something general, and "Which" is used when we're asking about something specific. Now, just to explain, in this one, for example, I said that the probable answer is: "What colour do you like?" But if I showed you a card which had four colours, and now it's limited, right? So then I could ask you: "Which colour do you like?" because it's out of these four, so it becomes limited and not: What colour out of all the colours in the world? Okay? So, let's look at a few more examples so you can understand exactly how this works. All right, so let's look at some examples in a social context, in an academic context, and in a business context. Okay? So, for example, we could ask someone: "What do you want to do today?" Very general question. Out of all the things we could possibly do in this city, what do you want to do? Very broad. Right? Or: "Which movie do you want to see - Star Wars or Batman?" Now the choice is much more limited. Right? It's more specific, and that's why we used "Which". Do you see the difference between the broad and the narrow, between the general and the specific? All right, academically we could ask someone: "What would you like to learn?" Okay? Out of all the subjects in the world, what would you like to learn? So very general, very broad. Or: "Which class do you prefer - music or art?" Now, of course, again our choice is very limited between two. Again, the choice might be between more. All right? But here it's two. In a business context we might ask: "What are our options?" Okay? Out of all the different things we could do, what are our options? This is a very common question people ask in business situations, in business meetings, negotiations, and things like that. Right? Or: "Which conference are you attending, the one in New York or in London?" Again, a much more limited choice, and therefore we used "Which". All right? So, are you ready to try some on your own? Let's do that. Okay, number one, let's pretend that you're on a date and you want to get to know the other person so you ask them: "_______ kind of music do you like?" What should we say: "What" or "Which"? It's a very general question, right? So we say: "What", "What kind of music do you like?" Okay? Because there are all kinds of music; we didn't limit the options. All right, the next one, let's say you're thinking about learning how to play an instrument, so you go to a music store and you ask the salesperson: "_______ instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?" What do we say there? What should we say? I think we should say: "Which". Right? "Which instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?"
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Advance your English with 7 INTENSIFIERS Advance your English with 7 INTENSIFIERS
8 months ago En
Want to sound more educated in English? Then I strongly recommend you watch this lesson. You'll learn seven advanced English expressions you can use while speaking or writing, in social, academic, and business situations. Intensifiers add passion and depth to your English. Once you learn these, I'm sure you'll also start noticing how commonly they are used. I sincerely hope you enjoy the lesson and honestly believe you'll upgrade your English! I recommend you practice using one or two of these intensifiers every day. Try writing a sentence with one of these intensifiers in the comments here! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/advance-your-english-7-intensifiers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. After teaching English for more than 30 years, my goal in all my lessons is to help you to learn English more quickly and easily. So in the next few minutes you're going to be able to take your English to a higher level by learning seven advanced expressions with intensifiers. Now, what does that mean? What are intensifiers? Let's find out. Okay? So let's start with this example in a general situation. Okay? "Joan likes music." We can say that, or we could say: "Joan really likes music." In this example, the word "really" is an intensifier, and what an intensifier does is that it strengthens or emphasizes the verb. She doesn't just like music, she really likes music, and that's fine to say. Okay? That's called an adverb intensifier. All right? Doesn't matter, but maybe for those of you who like to understand grammar, I'm just telling you what the words are. All right, let's look at another example from a business context. "We appreciate your offer." Okay? No intensifier, there. The next example: "We really appreciate your offer." Now, again, the word "really" was the intensifier. But do we use only "really" as intensifiers? No. We use many, many other words because it would be very boring to keep saying "really" all the time. Also, "really" might be fine in this example because it's kind of informal and conversational, but here it's a little bit more formal, a little bit more businesslike, so you want to use better English, you want to use more advanced English, and you want to use more advanced expressions. So, what do we usually say instead of that with the verb "appreciate"? We usually say something like this: "We truly appreciate your offer." Okay? Now, in this example, the word "truly" is the intensifier instead of "really". Right? And the verb stays the same, so that's "appreciate". So, when you have an intensifier like "truly" or "really" plus a verb, like "appreciate", that's called a collocation. Okay? Or a word combination, two words which are used together very frequently. All right? So people expect to hear them together. All right? So when you use them, you sound much more natural. You also sound a little bit more formal, more polite, more educated, a little bit more refined and cultured, and just more advanced in English. All right? Because obviously if you say: "I truly appreciate your offer", instead of saying: "I really appreciate your offer", then you're going to sound more advanced. Now, of course, it depends on the situation. If you're just talking to friends, maybe you want to keep saying "really appreciate", but I'm going to show you seven other expressions... Six other expressions-you've already learned one, all right?-which you can use and which are used very often in academic circles and also in professional circles because you can use these expressions in speaking and writing, you can use them in social and business situations, like especially in customer service, in meetings, negotiations, presentations, discussions. Right? And, of course, we can use them in a lot of academic situations, like in your essays, or your IELTS, or your TOEFL. Imagine if you started using this kind of vocabulary instead of regular vocabulary. Of course you're going to get higher marks. All right? So, let's look at some of these expressions. All right, so let's first start with an overview of these six advanced expressions. All right? I'll just read them right now. Don't worry about understanding them or how to use them. I'm going to explain that in just a minute. Okay? All right. So the first one: "Strongly recommend", "honestly believe", "deeply regret", "fully recognize", "sincerely hope", and "positively encourage". Okay? So, what did you notice in those? Each of them had an intensifier. Right? "Strongly", "honestly", "deeply", "fully", "sincerely", "positively", and each of them had a verb; "recommend", "believe", "regret", etc. Okay. So, why are they expressions? Why are they called collocations? Because these expressions, these two-word combinations are used together, and they are recognized as good expressions to use together. All right? So let's go through them now so you understand exactly how to use them.
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Practice Speaking English: How to give short answers about yourself Practice Speaking English: How to give short answers about yourself
8 months ago En
Do you get nervous when people ask you questions in English? Do you wish you could answer easily, quickly, and confidently? In this lesson, you'll learn and practice how to give short answers with the verb "to be". You'll learn to answer positively and negatively for the present, past, and future. But for this video, our focus is not on grammar. It's on getting used to answering common questions naturally. You'll practice speaking by repeating these short answers again and again. Watch this lesson and you'll be able to confidently use the expressions: "yes, I am", "no, I'm not", "yes, I was", "no, I wasn't", "yes, I will", and "no, I won't". Practice with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/practice-speaking-english-short-answers/ and perfect these easy answers today! TRANSCRIPT Do you feel stressed out when people start asking you questions about you in English? Do you get nervous, confused? Why? Why are you scared? Well, sometimes it's because suddenly the attention is on you and you have to respond. Right? So, my name is Rebecca, and in this lesson I'll show you how to solve that problem very easily. Now, of course, there are all kinds of questions in English, but in this lesson we'll focus on questions with the verb "to be" in the past, present, and future. Why only the verb "to be"? Because the verb "to be" is a very common verb in English, and lots of questions are asked to you using this verb. Now, because people ask you a lot of questions, in this lesson I'm only going to focus on questions that people ask you, so you know exactly how to answer. These are not how to answer questions about him, or her, or us, or them. Okay? Only about you. All right? So by the end of this lesson you will know how to answer these questions, and feel much more confident and comfortable. Okay? Let's get started. So, first of all, the thing to remember that in English when somebody asks you a question, especially when it's a yes or no question, you don't usually just say: "Yes." or: "No." because it sounds a little too short, and could be a little rude, could sound nervous, could sound angry. So usually we say a little bit more. Why? Just because then it sounds a little bit more like a sentence. And these... This little bit more are... This is called short answers. Okay? That's what we'll learn now. So, for example, the question will start something like this: "Are you something?" and we're going to practice many times so you get it, and your answers... The options are: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Okay? This and this, these are called short answers with the verb "to be". "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay? This is, of course, contracted a little bit, but don't analyze it. Okay? Just repeat it after me so that it comes out of your mouth very easily. So, now I'm going to ask you some questions about you, and wherever you are, I want you to answer. If you're in a library, say it quietly. Okay? Or say it in your mind, but better if you can actually pronounce it and say it. So I'm asking you: Are you married? You could say: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Okay? So say it. Really, tell the truth about you. Okay? Next: Are you American? So you probably said: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Are you having dinner right now? "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay. Are you a student? "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Are you at the library? What did you say? "Yes, I am." And some of you said: "No, I'm not." In case you realized, these are general questions, these are a little bit academic, and now we come to the more professional questions somebody might ask you at work. Are you a manager? And you could say: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." And last: Are you attending any meetings this week? Even if you're not, just pretend. Give me an answer. "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay? So, in the present tense these are the only two options you have, these are the only two things you have to learn: "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Next we'll look at how to answer these questions in the past. So, in the past our question will be: "Were you something?" Okay? And the answer will be: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." Say it after me: "Yes, I was.", "No, I wasn't." Okay? So, let's look at some imaginary questions. These are general, these are to do with the academic world, and this has to do with work or at your job. Okay? So: Were you busy yesterday? So you could say: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." Were you in London last year? You could say: "Yes, I was." Maybe you were. Or: "No, I wasn't." Okay, next: Were you ready for your last English test? I hope you're saying: "Yes, I was because I watched engVid." Or: "No, I wasn't. I have to watch more engVid." Okay. Or: Were you doing your homework when I called? Okay? "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." All right. Now: Were you on the phone? "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." And last: Were you at the conference last week? And you're saying either: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't."
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Easy English Expressions with "OUT OF" Easy English Expressions with "OUT OF"
9 months ago En
What's the difference between "out of milk" and "out of nowhere"? One is an expression, always with the same meaning; the other is an idiom, with different meanings. In this lesson, you'll learn how "out of" can be part of an expression or part of an idiom. You'll see how "out of" is used in everyday life as an expression and then learn eight common idioms, including "out of character, "out of town", and "out of touch". Idioms upgrade your English fluency in speaking and writing. Watch this lesson and start using these expressions for greater social, academic, and business success. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-expressions-out-of/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you will learn how to use some common expressions and idioms, all of which start with the words: "out of". Okay? Now, let's see exactly how this works. First we'll start with some expressions, and then we'll look at idioms. And all of them are going to use the words: "out of", but in different ways. All right? So, when we use the words "out of" as an expression, there, the meaning is consistent. What does that mean? The meaning is pretty much the same. It means this, when we say: "out of x", it means I have no x left. Okay? For example, when I'm out of something, it means I have no something left. I had something before, and now I don't have any remaining. There's nothing left. For example... Okay? The examples always help you to really understand something. So let's say you go to the fridge and you open it, and you're about to have a nice cup of coffee and you say: "Oh my goodness, I'm out of milk." What does that mean? You had milk before, but now there's no milk left. So then we say: "I'm out of milk", for example. Now, here when we use it as an expression it always means something like that. There is no something left. There is no something remaining. For example, in the office you go to use the printer and you can't print. Why? Because you're "out of paper". All right? Or you get into the car and you have a really big problem because you're "out of gas". Okay? "Gas" here means gasoline, petrol. Okay? All right, so that's a very common way that we use the expression "out of". All right? And here it always means that you don't have something left that you had before. Let's look at some other examples where it means the same thing, but a little bit more abstract. So, for example, you're at an exam, you have three/four hours, you have a lot of time when you start; but at the end in the last five minutes, you have to hurry up and finish your essay or whatever you're doing because otherwise you will be "out of time". All right? That means you won't have no time left. All right. Or you go to the casino with a lot of money in your pocket, but after a little while the money's gone, you have no money left or you are "out of money". Or we could say: "out of space". For example, let's say you're moving and you're packing everything into a truck, but you've still got a lot of furniture left and there's no space, so you say: "We're out of space. We have to come back one more time with another truck to fill the rest of the furniture." Okay? That's called being out of space. So do you understand? In all of those examples, and we use that a lot, with anything. Okay? And it always means you had something and now you had nothing left. That's the straightforward way in which we use this expression, but we can also use "out of" as an idiom, and then it doesn't mean that you have nothing left. It means all kinds of things, and each time, each idiom means something different so you kind of have to learn what that idiom means. Okay? So here when it's used as an idiom it can have different meanings. Let's look at eight of these to see what they mean. All right. So the first one is: "out of touch". You might have heard this, especially if you write to people by email, and what it means to be out of touch means to not be in contact. So, I haven't heard from John for a long time. We've been out of touch. All right? We're not in contact regularly. All right. Another idiom: "out of work". If you say that John is out of work or Mary is out of work, what does it mean? It doesn't mean that they don't have any work left. It means something a little bit different from that. It means they are unemployed, they don't have a job actually. All right? But it's kind of a nicer way to say that somebody's out of work, it means they're unemployed. They don't have a job right now. All right, the next one when you say: -"Oh, have you talked to James?" -"No. I haven't seen him. I think he's out of town." Okay, what does that mean: "out of town"? That means he's not in the place where he usually lives. All right? And that could be a city, it could be a town. It doesn't matter. We use the expression "out of town" even to talk very much about cities. It just means that you're away from the place that you normally reside or live.
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Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success
10 months ago En
Watch this lesson to get a better score on your IELTS or TOEFL essay. Learn how to generate key vocabulary from the essay question itself! Avoid the ONE BIG MISTAKE made by thousands of students. Learn the art of paraphrasing through synonyms and boost your essay score. It's easier than you think, and the results will pay off in higher grades. IELTS COMPLETE FREE GUIDE: http://www.goodluckielts.com TOEFL COMPLETE FREE GUIDE: http://www.goodlucktoefl.com TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-for-ielts-toefl-essay-success/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. Do you want to get a higher score on your TOEFL, or IELTS, or TOEIC essay? In the next five minutes I'm going to show you how to do this in a really easy way. You just have to follow two easy steps. Take your essay question and find the key words there, and then replace them with synonyms. Now, that might seem very easy and obvious, but you'd really, really be surprised to know that lots of students don't do that. What they do instead is that throughout their essay they keep using the same words that are used in the essay question. And if you do that, what you're showing is that you don't have a very good vocabulary, you don't have a rich vocabulary, you don't use... You don't have many synonyms to express the same ideas and thoughts. And what you need to do instead is to show off your vocabulary, and the way you can do it is to take the question, find the key words and make sure that you can generate lots of synonyms for those key words, because if you can do that then you'll use all those kind of synonyms throughout your essay instead of repeating the same vocabulary. Isn't it kind of a shame when you only have maybe 250 words on your IELTS essay or 300 to 350 on your TOEFL essay to keep using the same vocabulary? Don't do that. Learn to do something a little bit differently. Let's see how to do it. Okay? So I've got a sample question, here, from the TOEFL exam. A part of the question. This is... This says: "Many students choose to attend university outside their home countries." Okay? And maybe after that they said: "Do you agree or disagree?" or something like that. Okay? Doesn't matter. So, what are the...? How do you find the key words? Key words are almost any of the important words. For example: "many". Right? So if you're going to talk about this in your essay and you're going to give your opinion, then you want to use different words. So what could you use instead of "many"? Well, try to make a list. For example, I made my list: "myriad students", "countless", "an increasing number". It could be another word, it could be an expression. Anything that expresses the basic idea. And sometimes when you're using a synonym you're expanding on the idea, and that's okay, too. You're changing the idea a little bit, and that's all right. That's fine. So, that was one of the key words. Second key word: "students". If they said "students" in the essay question, don't use the word "students" every time in your essay. Use another word, like: "pupils", or "young people", or "scholars". Okay? Again, changing the meaning. "Scholar" is not exactly students, but it's okay to use that word somewhere. It also shows you have a lot of vocabulary, rich vocabulary. Next: "choose to". Right? Instead of saying: "...students choose to", what else could you say? You could say: "they decide to", "they opt to", "they prefer". All right? So, what I'm suggesting that you do is take some of the essay questions. Right? And when you're practicing before the exam, just from the essay questions see if you can generate lots of synonyms for the words used in the essay question. If you can do that, believe me, you're going to use those words in your essay writing. Let's see how it continues. "...to attend", "Many students choose to attend", what could you use instead of "attend"? You could say: "to join", "to enroll in", "to apply to", "to pursue undergraduate studies" or "pursue graduate studies". All right? Again, we're changing the meaning a little bit, but it's the same basic idea. Right? Because in order to attend you need to enroll, you need to apply, etc. "Many students choose to attend university", here's another key word. Instead of saying "university" 15 times in your essay, you might want to say: "academic centres", or "an academic program", or "institutes of higher learning", or an "educational institution", or "school", "college", "academy". Okay? Instead of the word "university". Don't keep using the same word. Use the same idea, but not necessarily the same word. Next. Next part, key part: "...outside their home countries". Instead of saying: "outside their home countries", say: "abroad", "overseas", "in a foreign country", "away from their homeland". Right? Now, you don't have to write this sentence again, but what I'm asking you to do is to take the question, find the key words, and see if you can come up with lots of vocabulary for that.
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Learn English Tenses: Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, or Present Perfect? Learn English Tenses: Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, or Present Perfect?
10 months ago En
Are you sure which past tense to use and when? Do you understand why? Save years of English mistakes by watching this important lesson in which I teach you about past tenses. Discover your strengths and weaknesses in a few minutes. Then, follow my suggestions to master the grammar tenses you'll need to use more than any other in English. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/learn-engish-tenses-past-tenses/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is going to save you years of English mistakes. Why? Because it's a diagnostic lesson. In just a few minutes you'll find out what you know and don't know regarding the past tenses in English. And why is that important? For two reasons. First, you can focus on what you don't know and improve those areas and improve quickly, and second because the past tenses are among the most important tenses that we use in English. Okay? And at the end of the lesson after you've done the exercise and you find out what you might get wrong or right, I'll show you exactly how to improve, what you can do. Some simple steps. Okay? Let's get started. So, number one: "It rains all day yesterday." Okay? So these are all sentences in the past tense. Okay? There are four tenses we're covering: Past simple, past continuous, present perfect, and past perfect. Okay? So, all of these sentences have some mistakes. You try to find out: What's the mistake? If you know, then you know that part. If you don't, we'll see what to do. So: "It rains all day yesterday." What's wrong with that sentence? Okay. So, we're talking about yesterday so we know it's in the past, so what's wrong is here, this verb is right now in the present simple. It should be... It should be in the past. So then this sentence should be in the past simple. So if you didn't know that, then... Then you need to review the past simple. Okay? Number two: "Have you seen Maria last week? Have you seen Maria last week?" What's wrong with that sentence? Or that question, rather. Can you find the mistake? Okay, so the mistake is this: When we say: "Have you seen", that's which tense? Present perfect. But then we go on to say: "Have you seen Maria last week?" That's a problem, because when we use the present perfect tense, we cannot use a finished time with it. If you use a finished time, like last week, then you have to change this question and make it into past simple. For example: "Did you see Maria last week?" That's one way to fix that question. And the other way, if we wanted to keep it present perfect-right?-we would say: "Have you seen Maria this week?" for example. Okay? That... Of course, that has a different meaning, but if you're going to use this tense then if you have a timeframe you can only talk about time which is either still going on, like this week, today, this month, this year, and so on. Okay? So if you made a mistake here, remember to review present perfect. Okay? Just make a note of that. Next: "Gary studied when I arrived. Gary studied when I arrived." What's wrong there? There is a little mistake there, and it's here. Okay? This should be: "Gary was studying"-right?-"when I arrived". Now, "was studying" is past continuous. So, why do we need past continuous there? Because the action of studying takes some time. Right? It doesn't happen in one second. So he was studying, and studying, and studying, and then in the middle of this studying I arrived. "Arrived" doesn't take time, so "arrived" can be in the past simple tense. That's fine. I arrived, it's finished, it's over. But Gary was studying, and studying, and studying, and studying, and I came in the middle of that. Okay? So these are the kinds of things you have to know about these tenses in order to use them correctly. So, if you made a mistake here, remember to review past continuous. Remember at the end of the lesson I'll tell you exactly how you can review these. Okay? Next, number four: "When have you sent the email?" Okay? "When have you sent the email?" Okay. So, the problem here, again, is that the tense that's used is present perfect. But with present perfect we cannot use the word "when". If you use the question word "when", then you need to change this entire question to past simple. "When did you send the email?" Okay? "When did you send the email?" Because when I ask you that question you're going to tell me sometime in the past that's finished and over. So that's past simple, and not present perfect. So if you made a mistake here, you should really review past simple, but more importantly also, again, present perfect. Okay? A little bit of both. If you just said here: "Have you sent the email?" then it's fine and it's present perfect. Okay? But if you need to use the question word "when", remember to change it to past simple. Good. Number five: "Did you ever see this movie? Did you ever see this movie?"
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Are you using "enough" correctly? Are you using "enough" correctly?
11 months ago En
Do you say "smart enough" or "enough smart? "Time enough" or "enough time"? Learn how to use this common word correctly in an English sentence. In this short and easy lesson, I'll teach you how to use the word "enough" correctly based on whether the word it is modifying is a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Once you understand this easy grammar rule, you'll never make a mistake with "enough" again! Just to make sure, we'll do some practice exercises together. Then you can test how well you understood the lesson with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/are-you-using-enough-correctly/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. The word "enough" is a very commonly used word in English. Unfortunately, it's also a very commonly misused word. That means that many students make mistakes while using this otherwise rather simple word. The reason for that is because the word "enough" can be used in two different ways, and in this lesson we're going to learn exactly how to do that. Okay? Let's get started. So, first of all, what does the word "enough" mean? It means that you have as much or as many of something as you need. All right? For example, if you have just a few minutes, you have enough time to watch this lesson and to learn the lesson. Okay? Learn how to use the word "enough". All right. So, what are these two ways in which we can use the word "enough"? You can either use it before a noun, or after an adjective or an adverb. Okay? Now, I know that's a lot of grammar, so let's look at some examples. So, when we use "enough" before a noun, we could say: "We have enough food for the party.", "We have enough space in this room for everyone.", "We have enough chairs for all the guests." Okay? So that's an example of "enough" before a noun. Now, as I said, you can also use it after an adjective. For example: "It's warm enough in the room." Okay? Or: "Is your tea sweet enough?", or "The teacher explained the lesson clearly enough for everyone to understand." Okay? So the last one was an adverb, the other two were adjectives. Now, let's take one example and use the word "enough" in these two different ways to see exactly how it works. First: "He has enough money to buy the car." Right? So, here, before a noun. Right? "He has enough money". Second example: "He is rich enough to buy the car." Okay? So now we see that the "enough" comes after the adjective. "He has enough money", "He is rich enough". All right? So, that's how it works and that's all you really need to learn, but let's do some practice just to make sure that you really got it. So, the first word: "rice". So do we say that we have "enough rice" or "rice enough"? So, "rice" is a noun, so we need to say: "enough rice". Okay? I'm not going to write the word "enough", I'll just put the "e" on this side or that side, according to whatever you tell me. All right. Next word: "carefully". Do we say: "enough carefully" or "carefully enough"? It should be "carefully enough". "He drove carefully enough to pass the driving exam." Okay? All right. Do we say: "enough experience" or "experience enough"? "He has enough experience." Very good. Okay. Do we say: "enough tall" or "tall enough"? All right? It should be: "He was tall enough to reach the top shelf." Okay? Good, you're doing really well. Let's continue. Do we say: "The house was enough clean" or "clean enough"? Which one? I hope you said: "The house was clean enough." Very good. Do we say: "There were enough people" or "people enough"? What do you think? "There were enough people." Again, "people" is a noun so it's going to come before. You'll see wherever we have the e's on this side, that means those words are nouns; wherever we have the e's on that side it means those words are adjectives or adverbs. Right? This was an example of an adverb. Let's continue. "The candidate had enough votes" or "The candidate had votes enough", what do you think? It should be: "enough votes to win the election". Okay, good. "You speak enough well to give a presentation" or should we say: "You speak well enough to give a presentation"? What do you think? It should be "well enough". All right, very good. "We have enough rooms for everyone" or "we have rooms enough"? I'm saying "rooms", okay? So: "We have enough rooms for everyone." Good. And: "The house is enough quiet for the baby to sleep" or "The house is quiet enough for the baby to sleep"? What do you think? Ready? Right: "The house is quiet enough." Okay? So, as you can see, it does take a little bit of practice. Okay? But I know you can get it. I hope you got these right, but if you'd like to do some more practice, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. There, you can do a quiz on this and you can also watch lots of other really interesting English videos. And if you like this lesson, subscribe to my YouTube channel. Thanks for watching. Bye for now.
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Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes
11 months ago En
Start speaking and writing at a more advanced level with this easy trick! You'll improve your job prospects, get higher grades, and sound smarter altogether. In this video, I'll show you how to use compound adjectives. These are adjectives built of more than one word. You'll see common examples that you can use, and learn how to write them correctly. I'll also teach you how to avoid a common error that many English learners make, so that you can write correctly and confidently. Impress your friends, co-workers, and teachers by using compound adjectives. Want to practice what you've learned? Do the exercises at https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-hack-compound-adjectives/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is a vocabulary hack. What does that mean? It means that this lesson will allow you to learn something to do with vocabulary very quickly, and also will enable you to improve your vocabulary tremendously with just this one little trick. Okay? Now, what does it have to do with? It has to do with something called "Compound Adjectives". Now, that doesn't sound very exciting, but it is actually really exciting. Let me show you what it is and how to do it. Okay? How to use it. So, first of all, what's an adjective? An adjective is a word that describes, usually, a noun. For example, if we say: "He is a tall man", "tall" describes the man, so "tall" is the adjective. "It's a sunny day", "sunny" is the adjective. Right? "We had a big party", "big" is the adjective. So that's an adjective by itself. Now, what does the word "compound" mean? "Compound" means more than one. So when we have compound adjectives we have two or more words that are used together, but kind of as one unit, to describe a noun. All right? Let's see how it works. Now, for example, before I show you this, let me give you two sentences. So sometimes people write like this or speak like this: "Tom Cruise is an actor. He is well-known." Now, these are two simple sentences, but it's kind of a very basic way to speak. So if you want to speak more formally, or more academically, or more professionally, then you could take those two sentences and make them into one sentence. For example, you could say... Instead of saying that: "Tom Cruise is an actor. He is well-known", you could say: "Tom Cruise is a well-known actor." Now, when we use "well-known" like this, we have to hyphenate it. We put that little dash in the middle, that's called a hyphen, and then this becomes a compound adjective which describes the word "actor". Let's take another example: "We decided to go to New York at the last minute." Okay? Or I could say: "We made a last-minute decision to go to New York." Now, the second way is a little bit higher English, more advanced English. All right? "Last-minute" in this case is the compound adjective, which remember is connected with a dash or a hyphen. The third example: "They live in a country where people speak English." We could say that, but it is better and more advanced to say: "They live in an English-speaking country.", "English-speaking" is the compound adjective. All right. The last one here, okay: "The city had so much rain that it broke all previous records." Okay? Or we could say: "The city had" or "The city received record-breaking rainfall." Okay? So, again, "record-breaking" is the compound adjective here. All right. Now, just to show you how important it is for you not to forget the hyphen, let's look at these two sentences. Now, the first one says: "I saw a man eating tiger." Now, what does that mean? Well, let's see if there's any difference between that one and the second one. "I saw a man-eating tiger." Any difference? All right, so there is a difference, there is a big difference, especially for the man. All right. "I saw a man", so this is like the man, and he was eating tiger. He was eating some tiger meat. Okay? The man was eating the tiger. But in this one: "I saw a man-eating tiger", "man-eating" is an adjective which describes the tiger. That means the tiger is the kind of tiger that eats people, and that's called man-eating. So, the meaning is completely different when you add the hyphen, so don't forget to add that. All right. Now, this is another very important thing to remember when you're doing... Or using compound adjectives, and that's when you use compound adjectives that have numbers. This is such a common mistake, even at advanced levels. But now that you're watching this video, you have a chance to get rid of this mistake forever. And if you don't make this mistake, you will get a much higher score-I assure you-on your... Any exam and also when you apply for a job, or when you're looking for a promotion because this is a very sophisticated thing to correct. It's an advanced correction, but it's a really easy correction, and that's why this is a vocabulary hack. Remember? Okay.
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IELTS General: Writing Task 1 – 14 Top Tips! IELTS General: Writing Task 1 – 14 Top Tips!
2 years ago En
I've trained thousands of students for success on their IELTS exam by using these 14 tips! Now it's your turn. You'll learn what you MUST do to get the highest score on your IELTS General Writing Task 1. Find out how to easily identify the type and purpose of each letter, and how to start and end your letter perfectly. Learn to save time and effort by using standard expressions. Understand the scoring criteria, so you know exactly what to do and what NOT to do. Visit http://www.GoodLuckIELTS.com for a free guide to the IELTS, and download my free resource at https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-task-1-letter-writing/ with sample letters, sample topics, key expressions, tips, and much more. Good luck! Take the quiz on this lesson: https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-writing-task-1/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. If you need to do the IELTS general exam, I'm sure it's for a very important reason. Perhaps you're trying to immigrate to another country, or get admission to a college program, or join a professional training program. Whatever your reason, I know you want to get the highest marks possible. Right? Of course. So I'm going to help you to do exactly that in one particular area of the exam, and that's in your writing section. Now, in the writing section there are two parts, one is a letter and one is an essay. In this lesson we will focus on how you can get the highest marks possible in the letter-writing section. Okay? The 14 tips that I'm going to give you I promise you, if you apply each one of these things, step by step you're going to get more and more marks. Okay? So stick with me and we will go through them. Let's get started. So, the first thing you have to identify when you read the letter-writing task is: What type of letter am I being asked to write? Is it a formal letter, is it a semi-formal letter, or is it an informal letter? Well, how do you know that? Well, you can know it in a few ways and I'm going to explain them, but one of the ways that you can know it is to look at the second point that you need to understand, is to identify the purpose of the letter because some purposes are more formal than other purposes. All right? For example, some formal letters might ask you to request information; or apply for a job; or complain about a product or a service, maybe to an airline, maybe to a store, something like that; or to make a suggestion or a recommendation. All right? To a shopping mall, to a restaurant, something like that. These are more formal situations. These are when we are writing to people or companies that we don't know. All right? That's the clue: You don't have anybody's name, you just have the name of the company. All right. Semi-formal letters might include things like this: Complaining to a landlord; or explaining something, a problem or a situation to a neighbour; or asking a professor for permission to miss an exam or to submit your assignment late. Whatever it is. Okay? The details vary. Doesn't matter. And here, what's...? What identifies the semi-formal? The semi-formal we know it's still a kind of a formal situation, but here we usually do know somebody's name. You would know the name of your landlord, or your professor, or your neighbour, for example. Right? So that means something in terms of the way that you write the letter, the language, the tone, the style. All of this is affected by whether it's formal, semi-formal, or informal. And I'll explain more to you as we go along. Now, examples of informal letters might be where you're being asked to invite a friend, or thank a friend, or apologize to a friend, or ask for advice from someone that you know. Okay? Here what's important is that you really know this person well and you're probably going to call them by first name. So I'm going to explain exactly how all of this translates into the next step, which is how you begin your letter. So the first step was to identify the type of letter. Second step, the purpose. Now the third step is to open and close the letter correctly. Once you've done steps one and two, you will know how to do this step. Because if it's a formal letter then you start with: "Dear Sir" or "Madam", and you end with: "Yours faithfully". Okay? That's how it is. If it's a semi-formal letter, you will start with something like: "Dear Mr. Brown" or "Dear Ms. Stone" or "Mrs. Stone". "Ms." Is when you don't know if a woman is married or not, or if she's just a modern woman. And you end the semi-formal letter with something like: "Yours sincerely". Okay? What we're trying to do is to match up the formality of the situation with these terms that we're using. Okay? The opening and closing salutations they're called, these are called. All right? Next is the informal one.
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Learn English Prepositions: TO or AT? Learn English Prepositions: TO or AT?
2 years ago En
Do you arrive "to" the airport or "at" the airport? Do you fly "to" London or fly "at" London? In this lesson, I will teach you an easy way to know which preposition to use when. I'll explain which word refers to movement and which one refers to location. Watch this lesson so you can be sure – today and always! https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-prepositions-to-or-at/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn the difference between two commonly confused prepositions, which are "to" and "at". So, the thing to remember is that "to" always suggests movement or direction. All right? "To" with movement, you're going to someone, to someplace, or towards something. So, "to" is movement or direction, and "at" suggests a location in place or time. So, "to" something, but "at" somewhere. "To" something, "at" somewhere. Do you see the difference? "To", there's movement. "At", you've already arrived. Okay? So: "to" and "at". If you use those gestures it may help you to think through it while you're choosing which preposition to use. So, let's look at some examples. So, as again... As I said, again, we use "to" for movement or direction towards a person, a place, or a thing. For example: "I talked to him.", "We went to school.", "She walked to her car." A person, a place, a thing. Movement, "to". Okay? All right, here are some other common verbs. There are lots and lots of verbs that we can use with this preposition "to", which implies movement. These are some examples. You go to someplace, you go to school. You go to the university. You go to work. You run to something. You fly to London. You return to somewhere. Okay? Or you can also use lots of verbs with "to" plus a person. You explain something to someone, send a letter to someone, read it to someone, write to someone, or speak to someone. There's a direction. Right? Whether you're speaking, or writing, or walking, or running - "to" is always movement and direction. Good. Now, "at" is steady. Whereas "to" is moving, "at" is very steady. "At" stays in one place, "at" is location, location and place, location and time. For example: "We arrived"-where?-"at the airport." We drove to the airport, and then we arrived at the airport. All right? So: "We arrived at the airport." Or: "Wake me up at 6:00." So, again, it's a location or a place in time, or a physical place. All right? Got it? Now, here are some other examples of verbs that you can use with "at", but again, there are lots and lots of verbs. So what's really important is not to learn the verbs, but to learn how these prepositions are used and what exactly they mean. But here are some examples. We stayed at the hotel, for example. I live at... I work at... I eat at this restaurant. I shop at the mall. Okay? So, "at" plus place or sometimes "at" plus time. Call me at 5:00. Let's meet at noon. Let's start at 10:00. Okay? So we have "at", location. Okay? Arrival, and "to" is always movement or direction. Got that? Now let's do a little quiz to make sure that you really got it. All right, now let's do the quiz. Now remember: "to" indicates movement and "at" indicates location or arrival. So, here we go. "We stayed _______ home." "at home" or "We stayed to home"? "We stayed"... In all of these cases you have to choose between "to" and "at". "We stayed at home." Okay? Stay somewhere. "I spoke _______ Jack." "to Jack", "I spoke at Jack"? What do we say? "I spoke to". The direction of your speech is towards Jack. Next: "She went _______ the bank." "to the bank" or "at the bank"? "She went", so "went" is movement. Right? Think of the verb. The verb is talking about movement. "She went to the bank." Next: "I bought this keychain _______ the gift shop." "to the gift shop" or "at the gift shop"? So here the answer would be "at". Very good. Next... The next one: "Meet me _______ the coffee shop." "Meet me to the coffee shop", "at the coffee shop"? What do we say? "Meet me at", right? Because it's a place. Next: "The movie starts _______ 4:00." "to 4:00", "at 4:00"? Which one is right? "The movie starts at", okay? We always use "at" for very specific times. Next: "We flew _______ Amsterdam." What do we say? "We flew..." Flew, movement. Right? Flying is movement. "to Amsterdam", very good. "I sent a card _______ my Mom." Sending, is it movement? Yes. Sending implies movement, so for movement we have to say: "I sent a card to my Mom." Okay. "She read a story _______ her son." When you're reading, the activity is directed towards someone, so: "She read a story to her son." And the last one: "John studied _______ the library." So, where was he? Was he in one place or was he moving? He was in one place, one location. All right? So we can say: "John studied at the library." Okay? I hope that my little demonstrations helped you to understand the meaning of "to" as well as "at". All right? If you'd like to do some more practice, please go to our website, www.engvid.com.
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Speak English Naturally: My pronunciation secret for difficult words Speak English Naturally: My pronunciation secret for difficult words
2 years ago En
Learn the important pronunciation technique called BACKCHAINING, used by actors, singers, and public speakers to sound more natural and authentic in any language. Backchaining will retrain your ears to hear and your mouth to pronounce English words more easily and successfully. It is especially useful for those long, difficult English words, but it is also helpful with any word you are struggling with. Most English teachers do not have time to teach you this simple strategy, but you can apply it immediately after watching this lesson. Famous language courses are based on this powerful pronunciation technique; watch, listen, and solve your pronunciation problems today! https://www.engvid.com/speak-english-naturally-backchaining/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you're going to learn a pronunciation secret that will help you to say English words more easily and correctly, especially long, difficult ones. Okay? Now, this is actually a professional technique that's used by actors, and singers, and linguists, and lots of people who have learned many different languages and want to or need to pronounce words correctly and authentically. Okay? Now, the reason why pronunciation is difficult for everyone when you're learning a new language is because when we grow up speaking our native language, we get used to... Our ears get used to hearing certain sounds, and our mouths get used to making certain sounds. And when we learn a new language, like English, then you have to train both your ear and your mouth to work a little bit differently. Okay? Now, the other part is because English is not phonetic, it's not completely phonetic. A large part of it is. Some people say about 80 to 85% is phonetic, but a lot of it is not phonetic. What does that mean? That means when we see a word, the way we say it is not the way it looks. Right? So, there's also that factor to take into account. But this technique can help you with both of these difficulties. Okay? So, first let's look at what we normally do when you're learning how to pronounce a word. Okay? So normally what we do is we do something called frontchaining, and I'm going to explain to you exactly what that is, but what I'm going to teach you in this lesson, the secret is something called backchaining, and that's what we will practice. Now, let's take our first example and do what people normally do, even teachers, even ESL teachers. All right? When they're teaching classrooms, they don't normally spend that much time on pronunciation because they don't have time. There's so much to teach and the class is so big, there's so many students it's difficult to spend time on pronunciation. So naturally, people have a harder time learning that and mastering that. And if you think about it, when a child is born and when a child is growing up, it doesn't learn to read first, it just learns by listening. So this is an opportunity to listen afresh, like new in a different way to words so that you can reproduce the correct sound, the correct pronunciation. Okay? So let's take our first example, and our first example is the word "pronunciation". Okay? Because by the way, a lot of people do not say this word correctly. Now, let's do it in the standard way, frontchaining, and see what happens. So in frontchaining, we start pronouncing or saying the word from the front and going forward. So if I did that, if I was teaching you how to say this word by using frontchaining, I would say to you: "You need to say it like this: pro-nun-ci-a-tion." Okay? I've divided up here just to make it a little bit easier for you to see and hear the syllables. Okay? This long word happens to have five parts, five syllables. Right? So it's quite long. Pronunciation. So when a student hears that, they're like: "Oh my god, I have to learn so many different sounds", and it's a little bit scary because there are five sounds, you know, that have to follow. So, what happens when you feel scared or nervous about something? Your brain shuts down. You don't learn as effectively. You don't learn as well as when you're happy and relaxed. So the advantage of learning in... Through the other system, the other technique called backchaining is that you feel much more relaxed because when we did it from the front we had to learn one, two, three, four, five different sounds. But look what happens when we use backchaining. So, backchaining is a technique that teaches you how to pronounce words starting from the end. So let's do that now and see what happens. So let's just take this last syllable, and we can say: "tion". So all you have to learn right now is the word "tion". Not word, part of the word. Next: "ation". You can repeat it after me. "ation, ciation, ciation, nunciation, nunciation". And last: "pronunciation, pronunciation".
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Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners
2 years ago En
Should you use "affect" or "effect"? "Advise" or "advice"? "Emigrate" or "immigrate"? Not sure? In this lesson, I will explain the differences between ten commonly confused English words. This is a quick way to improve your English immediately and get higher marks on your IELTS, TOEFL, or TOEIC. Learn what's right and what's wrong, and upgrade your English! RELATED VIDEOS Succeed, Success, Successful: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCoTL16EaUA Affect or Effect: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwKPJfYpjA0 Advice or Advise: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCbAx9pZU7k Choice and Choose: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGfRMRwAJMU Immigrate or Emigrate: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uicRkouflCE Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/top-10-most-confusing-words-for-advanced-english-learners/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. There are really only two ways to improve your English: Go forward and learn what's right, and go back and correct what's wrong. In this lesson we're going to do a little bit of both. We're going to look at 10 confusing words and see if you know the difference. Sometimes it's a different word form, sometimes it's actually a different verb altogether, or a different word. So, let's look at these. They are confused very often, so stick with me and you'll understand the difference. Let's get started. The first one: "How can I succeed?" or "How can I success?" So obviously the pair we're talking about here is "succeed" and "success". So, what is correct in number one? "How can I succeed?" or "How can I success?" The answer is: "succeed". Okay? All right. Number two: "How can I achieve succeed?" or "How can I achieve success?" What's the right answer? Do you know? I hope so. It is: "How can I achieve success?" All right? So, what happened here? Well, "succeed" is the verb. All right? And "success" is the noun. That's a really important difference. Thousands and thousands of students, probably millions make a mistake with these two words. So make sure you are not one of those. All right? Let's go on. Number three: "Smoking affected her health." or "Smoking effected her health." All right? I hope you can hear the difference in pronunciation and also in spelling. So, what's the correct answer here? "Smoking affected her health." or "...effected her health."? It should be: "Smoking affected her health." Very good. And number four: "Smoking had a bad affect on her." or "Smoking had a bad effect on her."? What's the difference? Well, it should be: "Smoking had a bad effect on her." So the two words we were looking at here were "affect" and "effect". And which one is the verb? "Affect" is the verb and "effect" is a noun. All right? Good. Number five: "Could you give me some advise?" or "Could you give me some advice?" What's the correct word there? "Could you give me some advice?" Okay? Good. And number six: "Could you advise me?" or "Could you advice me?" Which is correct? It should be: "Could you advise me?" Two words here: "advise" and "advice". "Advise" is the verb, and "advice" is the noun. Now, also, "advice" is a non-count noun, so we cannot say: "advices". All right? Sometimes people say: "advice", but then they make it "advices". That's not correct. You can't say that. So, "advise" which is spelt with an "s" but sounds like a "z", and "advice" which is the noun. Now, don't worry. If you got any of these wrong we have actually detailed lessons on each of these points which I will refer you to afterwards. Okay? Stick with me. Number seven: "We will choice the new Prime Minister (PM)." or "We will choose the new Prime Minister."? What do you think it should be? "We will choose the new Prime Minister." Okay? Good. "He was our first choice." or "He was our first choose." Which one is it? Can you tell? "He was our first choice." Okay? So, here again, "choose" is the verb and "choice" is the noun. Okay? We made a choice, but we chose him. "Choose" in the past becomes "chose". All right? "Choose", "chose", "choice", you have to work with them-all right?-to really master those words. And the last one: "They emigrated to Canada." or "They immigrated to Canada."? Which one is it? This one is confused a lot, and actually one of our other engVid teachers, Emma, has done a great one on this one. So if you're confused, I'm going to tell you where you can find her lesson, too. So: "They emigrated to Canada." or "They immigrated to Canada."? Well, it should be: "They immigrated to Canada." Okay? And number 10: "They emigrated from Mexico." or "They immigrated from Mexico."? Okay? This time you have both verbs. Right? So if that was "immigrated", this one is actually "emigrated". "They emigrated from Mexico." Now, here, it's not a question. They're both verbs. Okay? "Emigrate" is a verb and "immigrate" is a verb, but what's the difference? You see that you immigrate to a place, but you emigrate from somewhere else. All right?
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Learn 10 Easy 3-Word Questions in English Learn 10 Easy 3-Word Questions in English
2 years ago En
"What's the catch?" "Care for another?" "Have you met?" Improve your English conversation skills easily and quickly using these ten short questions. Once you start to use these in your speech, you will sound more like a native speaker, because they are all so commonly used. Since they are short, they are easy to learn too! We use these questions at home, at work, and in social situations. If you have been in an English speaking country or watch English television, you've probably already heard these questions, but you might not understand what they mean. I'll explain each expression, give you examples of how they are used, and let you practice them in a short exercise with me. I believe that by the end of this short video, you'll be able to use these standard questions yourself. Have fun learning these and good luck with your English learning! Take a quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/learn-10-easy-3-word-questions-in-english/ If you're interested in another short and easy lesson, you can check out my video on 2-word expressions in English here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxDs7lrNVDY TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and in this lesson you're going to learn 10 easy questions that you can use in all kinds of everyday situations. Now, they are really easy so they will not only help you to understand what people are saying, but you can also start to use them yourself. Why? Because all these questions have only three words. All right? And I think, and I know, and I believe that you can learn them. Okay? So let's look at what they are. Let's go. Number one: "What's the matter?" Okay? If someone says: "What's the matter?" it means: "What's the problem? What's...? What's wrong?" Okay? Now, don't look on this side. This is not the answer, this is not the explanation. These we're going to use later when we do our quiz. So just listen to me to understand what the questions mean first of all. Okay? So: "What's the matter?" means: "What's the problem? What's wrong?" Number two: "Do you mind?" Now, when do we say: "Do you mind?" What does that mean? "Do you mind?" "Do you mind?" means: "Do you have any objection? Do you have any...? Do you not agree with me for some reason? Do you not accept what I'm about to do?" "Do you mind?" means: "Do you have any problem with what I'm going to do, or say?" or something like that. Okay? "Do you mind?" Number three: "Have you heard?" Now, some of these are full grammatical questions. Okay? For example: "What's the matter?" is completely and grammatically correct. Some of them that you'll see down here are actually just shortened versions of a fuller question, but because they're used so often people do shorten them. Okay? So keep that in mind also. So: "Have you heard?" If somebody just says: "Have you heard?" why would they say that? Have you heard what? So in what situation do we use this? Usually people will say: "Have you heard?" when there's some sort of big news. Now, it could be big news in terms of world news, it could be big news in terms of in your office, it could be big news in terms of your family. But whatever it is, it is considered by the person who's asking you this to be big news that you either probably have heard about and do know about, or should know about. Okay? So then the person asks you: "Have you heard?" And if you say: "No. Why? What? What are you talking about?" then they tell you. And if you do know, then you say: "Yes, I know, I heard." if it's bad news. Or: "Yes. I heard. She won the lottery. Wow." Okay? So it could be good news or bad news. Next... Of course the way they'll ask the question will vary. If they say: "Have you heard?" that's good news. They say: "Have you heard?" that's not so good news. Okay. The next one: "Care for another?" Again, this is one of those where we're shortening it. Okay? So: "Care for another?" Another what? Well, it depends on the situation. Usually we're talking about food or drink. So somebody might be saying: "Care for another drink?" "Care for" means: "Would you like? Do you want?" So: "Do you want another drink?", or "Do you want another piece of cake?", or "Do you want another dessert?", or "Do you want another slice of pizza?" So somebody might just say: "Care for another?" instead of saying: "Do you want another something?" Okay? And the last one here is: "Who is it?" Now, that sounds pretty straightforward, but in some languages we don't use... They don't use "it" so much. So when we're talking about: "Who is it?" are we talking about an animal or a thing? No. Because we said "Who", so we're talking about people. Usually this question we ask when let's say somebody knocks on the door, we say: "Who is it?" Okay? Or let's say you have a phone call and somebody else answers, and then you... You ask... They say: "You have a call", or "You have a phone call." And you say: "Who is it?" Okay? That means: "Who is calling?" or "Who is at the door?" Depends on the situation. All right.
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Free consultation with IELTS & TOEFL Specialist Free consultation with IELTS & TOEFL Specialist
2 years ago En
Need to take IELTS, TOEFL, or TOEIC? Start here! This video is like a free consultation with an experienced exam advisor. I have over 30 years of English training experience and have helped thousands of students pass their exams, so I know what you need to focus on, and I know what can hold you back. In this video, I'll ask you questions that will help you: • decide WHICH English proficiency test is best for you • plan HOW MUCH TIME you need to prepare • budget for the COSTS of the exams I'll also share my secrets to succeeding on these English proficiency tests, and let you know what resources I recommend to start studying. By the end of this video, you'll know what to expect and be able to create your own plan for success. http://www.goodluckielts.com http://www.goodlucktoefl.com http://www.goodlucktoeic.com http://www.goodluckexams.com http://www.studyingstyle.com TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Have you just been told that you need to do an English proficiency exam, such as the IELTS or the TOEFL or the TOEIC, or are you in the middle of preparing for one of these exams or some other English proficiency exam? If so, please watch this lesson because I think it can really help you. What I'm going to do here is I'm going to go over some of the very important questions that you need to be asking yourself in order to prepare very well and very effectively for this exam. And it's much more than just studying English. All right? So, what am I going to cover here? I'm going to cover four different areas. First the basics of: What are the things you need to know about the test? The logistics, or the planning that you're going to have to do in order to be very successful. The progress, how to measure it, how to tell, how to actually make progress towards your goal. And last of all, what can you do, what else can you do to really achieve great success? And that is a lot more than just doing English or just studying English, or improving your English. Now, a lot of this knowledge has come to me because besides being a trainer on engVid, I have also owned and managed a language school for many years and I had a lot of students come into my office and sit down, and tell me that they had been told that they needed to do the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or that they needed to do an exam and they weren't sure which one, and their friends said do this, and another friend said do that. And they were really confused and they didn't know what are the various things that they had to think about. And so, through the years I've developed a lot of experience in advising and counselling students to prepare very well for this task, which is not an easy task but it's also a really important task because these... These exams matter a lot to your life. Okay? So let's get started. So let's start with the basics. Number one: Which exam do you need to do? Now, sometimes you have a choice and sometimes you don't have a choice, but if you do have a choice, please check because there are so many different exams; the IELTS, the TOEFL, the TOEIC, and so many others today. And sometimes students have heard of, let's say the IELTS, but they haven't heard of another exam, but perhaps that is one of the options and that's an important, very important question for you to answer. I had a student, for example, in our school who was preparing for the IELTS and he was having a tough time with it, and he didn't do really well because he was starting at a lower level. And so later it came out that he could have actually prepared for the TOEIC exam, which is much easier. And so I told him, like: "Why don't you just switch to that exam?" and then he passed right away because that's where he was and he had a limited amount of time to prepare. So, it is really important to check: What are the possible exams you could do to satisfy the requirement of your university or your professional certification, body, or whatever reason it is that you're doing this exam? Okay? So make sure you know that. Now, the second point then becomes let's suppose that you do have to do the IELTS exam. So the IELTS, for example, has different versions; it has an academic version and a general version. Usually the academic one is if you're trying to get into university because they need you to have higher level English. And the general one is for, for example, immigration to a country. So make sure you know and make sure you don't waste time studying for the wrong exam because each one is quite different. Now, which area does your exam cover? So, for example, with IELTS academic, obviously it's going to be more academic subjects. If it's general, what kind of topics do they have there? If it's the TOEIC exam, that area is going to be business because TOEIC is an exam that covers business English, not really general English.
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English Grammar: The Past Tense of HAVE English Grammar: The Past Tense of HAVE
2 years ago En
A basic, important grammar lesson for anyone learning English! Do we say “he didn’t have” or “he didn’t has”? If you are not sure of the correct form of the verb, this lesson is for you. It's a good idea to solidify basic, essential grammar concepts. In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the past tense of the commonly confused verb “to have” in affirmative, negative, and question forms. Practice with me and master this important verb! After watching, take the opportunity to practice what you've learned by doing the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-past-tense-of-have/ . No more embarrassing mistakes for you! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this is a lesson for English learners of all levels, so whether you're a beginner, intermediate, advanced, or somewhere in between, this lesson I believe will help you. Why? Because in this lesson I'm going to review the verb "to have" in the past tense. Now, as you probably know because you've been speaking English, the verb "to have" is a very important verb for two reasons. First of all, we use it by itself for lots and lots of things. And secondly, because we also use it not only by itself, but as a helping verb with some of the advanced tenses. Right? With the perfect tenses. But we're not going to go into that. We're just focusing here on how to use the verb "to have" in the past tense, because this is also something where a lot of students make mistakes, but not you after just a few minutes. So, let's get started. Okay. So, what is important here is that actually in English the past tense becomes very easy, and a lot easier than many other languages. Why? Because with whatever subject we have you have to use only one verb. You don't have to change the verb based on the subject. So, in the past tense... Remember this is not the present tense. In the past tense the verb "to have" becomes "had". Okay? Say it after me: "had". Good. So in other words, I'm going to give you a very simple sentence. Okay? Because we're going to say it very often. So let's keep it simple. Always keep it simple when you're trying to learn one point; don't mix it up with lots of other points. Don't put hard vocabulary. Okay? So: "I had fun.", "You had fun.", "We had fun.", "They had fun.", "He had fun.", "She had fun.", and "It (the cat/the dog) had fun." Okay? All right. Now, so you see how simple it is? What you have to learn is that the verb "have" in a positive sentence becomes "had". And we can use "had" with every subject. All right? Now, what happens when we make it negative? This is where some students get a little bit confused because they remember this, and then they try to put this here, but that's not the case. What happens when we make a negative sentence and when we make a question is that we come back to the base form of the verb. What's the base form of our verb? "To have", right? So if you want to make a negative sentence, then we simply say: "I didn't have fun.", "You didn't have fun.", "We didn't have fun.", "They didn't have fun." You see? It's basically staying the same, but we're using "have". We're not using "had" anymore. Okay? "He didn't have fun.", "She didn't have fun.", "It didn't have fun." Okay? We'll just pretend there's an it. So what's important is this "have". All right? Come back to the base form of the verb, but not here. Now, the same thing will happen when we have a question. We're going to come back to the base form of our verb. So it's quite simple then. "Did I have fun?" I don't know. I think so. "Did you have fun?", "Did we have fun?", "Did they have fun?", "Did he have fun?", "Did she have fun?", "Did it have fun?" Okay? All right. Now, that's basically it. It's not more complicated than that. Remember that in the positive sentences we use "had", and after that come back to the base form, but use "did" or "didn't". Now, just to review, this "didn't have" stands for "did not". Okay? But usually in conversation we don't say: "He did not have fun." We just say: "He didn't have fun." That's the contraction, the short form. And here we can use the word "did" and that's what we usually use, and it's important to use it. We can't just say: "You have fun?" That would be wrong. Okay? So remember to put "did" in there. You could also, by the way, ask a negative question. So you could say: "Didn't you have fun? I thought you would love that movie." Okay? So you could ask a negative question. But if that's confusing to you, don't worry about it. Okay? You don't have to do it. And the other thing to remember is that when we add a question word, we still keep this order. What do I mean? For example: "When did they...?" Okay? "When did they have the meeting?" Okay? "Where did they have the meeting?" Right? So whether it's saying: "When? Where? Who did they meet?"-right?-we're still keeping this construction. We're just adding a question word before that.
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Discover your unique LEARNING STYLE: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic Discover your unique LEARNING STYLE: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic
2 years ago En
Did you know that everyone learns differently? In fact, there are three main learning styles among students: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. You may be more comfortable with one or a combination of these learning styles. Do you know what kind of learner you are? In this lesson, you will find out how to learn anything more quickly, easily, and effectively, including English! Take charge of your success in your personal, academic, and professional life. This is an essential lesson for students, parents, teachers, and adults in all fields. For more free information about learning styles and how to learn more effectively, go to https://www.studyingstyle.com . Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/discover-your-unique-learning-style-visual-auditory-kinesthetic/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name's Rebecca, and in this lesson I'm going to explain to you about something called learning styles. This lesson is good not only for English learners for whom I usually make lessons, but also for anyone in general who's trying to learn more effectively. Now, the thing to remember is that not everybody learns in the same way. I have a particular way of learning, you have a way of learning, so does your brother, your friend, your cousin. Okay? So what's important when you're trying to learn is to discover: What is your learning style? And that's what this lesson will show. All right? Let's go to the board. There are three main learning styles. About 60% of the population are visual learners, about 30% of the population are auditory learners, and about 10% are kinesthetic learners. Okay? And as I read through the characteristics, you'll probably be able to identify who you are and what kind of way you learn best because you will recognize what you enjoy doing, and what you enjoy doing tells you what kind of learner you are and what kind of a learning style you have. Okay? So, the visual learner, of course, enjoys learning by seeing; auditory by hearing; and the kinesthetic by actually doing something. I'll explain what that means. So, visual learner will enjoy reading information from books, and the internet, and so on; auditory will enjoy talking and hearing lectures; and the kinesthetic person will enjoy participating in experiences. All right? Visual learner will also enjoy diagrams, pictures, maps. You enjoy writing things down on pen and paper in order to really understand them and remember them. Okay? Or into the computer, but you need to see it written down somewhere. You don't feel like you've actually understood until you've written it down. That's how I actually learn. And also enjoy reading the news. All right? An auditory person, as I said, enjoys lectures, music, they enjoy hearing instructions, receiving verbal instructions. This person will need to read instructions before doing something or going somewhere, and this person will prefer to be told the instructions. Okay? They also enjoy participating in discussions, debates. They usually memorize well, and they also have been told... Maybe you've been told you have an ear for languages. If you have an ear for languages that means you are probably an auditory learner. And you probably enjoy listening to the news versus reading the news. All right? The kinesthetic learner is in the minority, and usually has a harder time at school, college, university, because in those educational establishments you have to sit down-right?-when you're learning, supposedly. They don't give you a lot of space to move around, so that person is a little bit more challenged. They may have had a hard time going through school because of that. And so, let's look at what that person actually enjoys doing or how they enjoy learning. You enjoy participating in experiences, going on field trips, building a model of something in order to understand the concept, not just reading about it, and also moving. Okay? Doing things with the information. So, next I'll give you various strategies you can use if you are a visual learner, or an auditory learner, or a kinesthetic learner.
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HAPPY NEW YEAR! What to say and do: expressions, customs, vocabulary 🎉 HAPPY NEW YEAR! What to say and do: expressions, customs, vocabulary 🎉
2 years ago En
Start the new year the right way by learning what people say and do around this time of year. I will teach you everything you need to know about New Year's Eve and New Year's Day! We will go over some vocabulary and expressions used during this special season, as well as explore some customs and traditions of English-speaking countries. After watching, you will be able to express your New Year's wishes to your friends and family in speaking and writing, and you'll even be able to send them a greeting card! If your New Year's resolution is to improve your English, you can start right here and now! TAKE THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/happy-new-year-expressions-customs-vocabulary/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and today we're doing a special lesson on celebrating the New Year. So, let's get rid of these colourful decorations and get started. Okay, so first of all, I know there are all kinds of New Years. Right? There are religious New Years, there are national New Years, but in today's lesson we're going to focus on the New Year that starts on January 1st, which is considered the calendar New Year or the Western New Year, or the Gregorian calendar New Year. Okay? So, let's first understand the terms. All right? So, January 1st is considered New Year's Day. December 31st, the day before that and the year before that is considered New Year's Eve. Now, when we say "eve" it means the day before, the evening before, the day before. For example, if Christmas is on December 25th, Christmas Eve is December 24th. So when we have the word "eve", it's always the day before. Okay? All right. So, what I'm going to explain today is how we celebrate the New Year in many English-speaking countries, some of the customs and traditions that we follow, and also some of the things that we say. How do we wish people? How do you greet people? Right? And also some of the things... Special things that you do. All right. So, first let's talk about some of the things that people normally do on December 31st, which is the day when we actually start celebrating and then we go into the New Year. Okay? So, what do we do? We get all dressed up. It's usually a very fun time. It's a very fun time, it's a very special time. And it's also a very meaningful time because the New Year represents a fresh start, a new page, a new chapter in your life. Okay? A chance to do new things, to have new plans, and so on. So it's considered a very special time, people are usually very excited because we all like to have another chance at getting things right in our life, or improving ourselves or improving our life. And that's what New Year's represents to lots of people. So, this is what they do. Usually this is what we do. We dress up in our fancy clothes, many people. It's very, very popular to go to parties. Now, these parties can be of all kinds. You could have a small party at home with just your family and friends, you could have a medium-sized party where you go to a restaurant or a club and they are having a special kind of a celebration for the New Year, and maybe they have a lot of TVs on where they're watching New Year's celebrations in different parts of the world. Or you go... Could go to a large party which is outdoors, maybe it's in a City Hall. Lots of people from different parts of the city come there, they congregate, and they have concerts, music, and all kinds of fun things happening. Or the most famous party, one of the most famous parties and probably one of the largest parties in the whole world that takes place on New Year happens in New York City in Times Square. You might have watched it on television. There, that party, if we can call it that, has a million visitors and lots of other special traditions. There's a very famous thing that happens at midnight, there's a huge crystal ball, it weighs about 5,000 kilos and it's huge, and it's made of crystal, and in the last 10 seconds of the... Of New Year's Eve and going into New Year's Day, the crystal ball begins to drop and what we have is a countdown to the New Year. So everybody goes: "10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1", and then: "Happy New Year!" and all the craziness starts. Okay? So that's the biggest party that's probably happening anywhere in the world, which is in Times Square in New York. So, parties, very popular. It doesn't mean that if you don't have a party it's not the New Year. You can have a party by yourself and say: "You know what? I'm happy being by myself", but I'm just telling you what lots of people like to do. So usually we get together with our family and friends. We... As I said, when we go out we attend concerts, we listen to music, people are dancing and people are having fun, they're joking, they're laughing, they're being silly.
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Learn 10 English Idioms about People at Work Learn 10 English Idioms about People at Work
2 years ago En
Who's the head honcho in your company? Who's the smart alec? Find out the meaning of 10 commonly used business idioms referring to people at work. Be careful, though... you might learn what people have been saying about you or your colleagues! Download the resource with even more workplace idioms: http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-english-phrases-idioms-to-describe-people-in-business/ Take the quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-people-at-work/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In today's lesson you'll have a chance to learn 10 expressions that are used to describe people at work. Now, these are quite commonly used expressions by native English speakers, so if you work in an English-speaking business environment then it's quite likely that you will hear some of these expressions. Okay? Let's get started. So, I've kind of divided them up for you. So, some of them are positive, some are negative, and some are neutral. What do I mean by that? It means: These people we are happy to meet, these people we are really not very happy to meet, and these people we just... Where it's okay, we're just using these expressions to describe them. Okay? We have no feelings, positive or negative. Okay. So let's look at the people we are happy to meet. So, the first one is a "whiz kid". What's a whiz kid? A "whiz kid" is a term that we use to describe usually a young person who's quite brilliant, very intelligent, very successful, very talented, and you know that he's on a path to a lot of success. So, often we talk about like a computer whiz kid, a young person who's got lots and lots of talent. You probably know people like that. Okay? So that's a whiz kid. Next. Next one is called an "eager beaver". An "eager beaver" is kind of a very hardworking, enthusiastic person. Maybe this person comes to work early and stays late, and they're always smiling and they're happy to do their work. That person is called an eager beaver. Now, I put that as a positive. Maybe some people don't like them, but generally speaking, people like them. Okay. The next one is an "angel investor". What's an angel investor? Well, if you have a startup company or a new company that you want to start, you would love to meet an angel investor because this "business angel", as they're also known as, is someone who's usually rich and they're like a sponsor and they put money into your business. They are ready to invest money into your ideas, into starting your company, and so on. So these are called "angel investors". So if you want to start a business, you're probably going to be very happy if you meet one of these people. Okay? Next, let's move over here to the people that we're usually not very happy to meet at work. The first one is called a "smart alec(k)". Who's a smart aleck? A "smart aleck" is somebody who thinks he or she knows everything. Have you ever met such a person? They are just so extra confident, and they tell you everything as if they know everything. And usually people aren't very happy to meet those kind of people too much. Okay? And they called them "smart alecks". Sometimes it's written: "alec" and sometimes "aleck", doesn't matter. Usually we don't write this word. We usually say it. Okay? "Oh, he's a smart aleck. He thinks he knows everything." Okay? That kind of thing. Next one: "rotten apple". So, what's a rotten apple? If you can imagine a bag of apples and in the middle there's one that's not good. "Rotten" means bad, spoiled. So what will happen to all the other apples around that bad apple? Well, after some time all of them will start to go bad a little faster. Right? So when we call someone a rotten apple we're trying to suggest that this person has some rather unpopular, not very honest, is kind of dishonest, he's bad, he's corrupt, and he's also influencing people around him, his colleagues or workers to think or act in the same way. So this person is usually quite a troublemaker as far as the organization is concerned. Okay? So that's a rotten apple, a person who is kind of corrupt and has bad ideas, and is also influencing people around him or her in a negative way. Okay? You might know some people like that. Okay, what's a "faster talker"? Well, it's not somebody who talks... Speaks very fast, no. When we say: "fast talker", we mean somebody who is very good at convincing people and persuading people, but he's not always... He or she is not always very honest or moral about it. He doesn't really care... This person doesn't really care if they're selling you something which is not good, or which is actually bad. They don't care. They may lie, they may present it as very good. They're very good at that, but they're not necessarily selling you something in your interest.
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Top 10 Confusing English Verbs for Beginners Top 10 Confusing English Verbs for Beginners
2 years ago En
Take 10 minutes and master these 10 English verbs. Learn or teach? Do or make? Win or beat? Learn the difference between the most commonly confused verb pairs in English. This is an important lesson for beginners because these are basic verbs that you need to use in everyday conversations. I'll explain exactly how each word is used, with examples on the board. Take the quiz to make sure you remember how to use these words correctly: http://www.engvid.com/top-10-confusing-english-verbs-for-beginners/ Next, study my free resource page on when to use "do" and "make": http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/do-make-expressions/ Your English will improve tremendously by correcting these errors, so let's get started! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you will have a chance to understand 10 of the most confused verbs in English. Now, if you're a beginner student, then you have a chance to learn them right to begin with. If you're an intermediate level student, you might still want to review these verbs just to make sure that you're really using them properly. And if you are making mistakes, no worries, I'm going to explain them to you and also show you how to correct them. Okay? Here we go. The first set of words we have is "learn" or "teach". So, let me give you a sentence and you tell me what you think is right. What should we use here? Which verb? "Mrs. Cole learns us English" or "Mrs. Cole teaches us English"? Which is correct? If you had to think for more than one second about the answer, then I'm so glad you're watching. Okay? Because I'm going to give you this very important difference. I hope you said: "Mrs. Cole teaches us English." Okay. So, what's the difference between "learn" and "teach"? If you made a mistake, no problem. I'm going to explain it to you so you get it. So, "to learn" means to get knowledge or skills. All right? And "to teach" means to give knowledge or skills. So right now what are you doing? Are you giving knowledge or are you getting, are you receiving knowledge? I think you are receiving, so you are learning, you are getting. And I am giving, so I am teaching. I'm teaching, you're learning. Right? So, this is what it says here: "Teachers teach". Okay? That's also a big clue because the word "teacher" has the word "teach" in it, so: Teachers teach something, like I teach English. Teachers teach math, English, history, etc. Or teachers teach someone, they teach students, usually. Okay? And students learn something, like students learn English, or math, or history. And students learn from someone, usually a teacher. All right? So what are you doing right now? You're learning. What am I doing right now? I'm teaching. Good. Let's look at the next one. The next one: "bring" or "take". Let's look at this example. "Please bring this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor" or do we say: "Please take this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor"? Take a second to think about it. What did you say? "Bring this book to Mrs. Smith" or "Take this book to Mrs. Smith"? Well, the correct answer is: "Take this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor." Why? Well, let's look. "To bring something" means to move it towards the person who's speaking, to the speaker. Okay? And "to take something" means to move something away from the speaker. All right? So I could say to you: Bring it to me or take it away from me. Got it? And even if somebody else is telling you that on the phone. Okay? So it doesn't matter where that person is. What matters is: Who is the speaker? Who is saying that sentence? So, for example, you could say to the waiter if you're in a restaurant: "Please bring me some water." Right? Towards you. Or you could say to the waiter or waitress: "Please take my plate away." So now you're taking the plate away from you. All right? Got that? Let's look at another set of words. Now, "borrow" or "lend". Let's look at an example. "My father borrowed me his car last night" or do we say: "My father lent me his car last night"? Which one is right? The sentence is in the past tense, so instead of "lend", we see "lent", but which is it? "My father", what should it be? "Lent me", "My father lent me his car." Let's understand why. Okay? In case you didn't get it right. And if you did get it right, let's be 100% sure why you got it right. Okay, so "to borrow something" means to take something temporarily, and with... And you expect to... You are expected to give it back. You plan to give it back. You're not taking it forever. You're just taking it temporarily. All right? For a little while. And "to lend" means to give something temporarily, and you also expect to get it back. For example, a person who lends is called a "lender". The person who borrows is called a "borrower". And "lend" we often... Most people are... Have heard of money lenders, right?
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Say MORE with LESS: 2-Word Expressions in English Say MORE with LESS: 2-Word Expressions in English
2 years ago En
My pleasure. Allow me. Well done! Upgrade your English conversation skills easily and quickly with two-word expressions like these, used by native speakers every day. Today I'll teach you ten short expressions that you can learn quickly. The best part is that they are easy, and can be used in any situation – formal or informal; business, social, or academic. You'll learn how to give compliments, make suggestions, give warnings, and show agreement with your friends, co-workers, and strangers. Improve your conversation skills by saying more with less! Test your understanding with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/say-more-with-less-2-word-expressions-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you're going to learn 10 common expressions that you will hear native English speakers using at home, at school, at work, and in all kinds of social situations. These are actually very easy because they only have two words. Okay? Now, that means that you will not only be able to understand people when they use them, but that you, while watching this video, your goal should be to learn them and start using them yourself because they're really quite easy and they're very common. Okay? So, let's get started. Now, before we begin, let me just tell you that there are only five of them here. I'm going to show you five more in a few minutes. And these are not the meanings. This is for a little bit later-okay?-when we're going to do a little quiz. So, just stay with me and listen to what I'm saying, and then you can follow. Now, some of these are compliments, some are offers, some are replies to what other people say, some are suggestions, some are warnings, and some are just comments on something that's happening. And just to remind you: What's a compliment? A compliment is when we say something nice to somebody. Okay? All right, so let's get started. So the first one is: "Well done!" When do we say to somebody: "Well done"? We say: "Well done" when somebody does something really well, when we want to praise them. So it's a compliment. Right? We say: "Hey. Good job. Great work. Nice going." Things like that, all of these expressions mean: "Hey, you did a great job." So you could use it to tell your son or your daughter: "Hey, you did a good job on the exam, so, well done." Or you could say it to a colleague who did a successful presentation. You could just say to him or her: "Well done." Okay? So, that's the first one, when we're complimenting somebody or praising somebody on something they did well and successfully. Okay. The next one, it's kind of close, it's: "Well said!" So, here, we are also complimenting someone, but this time we're complimenting them or praising them on something that they said. So we say: "Hey, you said that very well." Maybe it was just one comment, maybe it was a toast to somebody, maybe it was an entire speech, but what you're saying is: "I really like what you said, you said it very well and I agree with it." Okay? So when we say: "Well said", it means you did a really good job in what you said. Next: "My pleasure." Okay? When do we say to somebody: "My pleasure"? Well, it's just like: "You're welcome", but it's a little more formal, it's a little more polite. It shows that I really enjoyed helping you. Okay? So, if somebody says: "Thank you", you can simply say to them: "My pleasure." Okay? And it's very elegant, it's very refined, it's very educated, and you will sound that way. Okay? Next. The next one is: "Allow me." So, when do we say: "Allow me"? Okay? So imagine this situation: Two people are approaching a doorway, and both of them are about to reach out to open the door, and then one person says to the other person: "Allow me." That means: "Allow me to open the door" in this situation. Okay? It means: "Let me do this for you. Let me do this." Not always, but sometimes men do this for women, but women can do it for men or women can do it for other women, and men could do it for other men. It's just saying: "Let me help you. Let me open the door", let me do something that's a little bit awkward. Okay? That's a little bit difficult, maybe, for the other person. Okay, so: "Allow me." It's a nice gesture. It's just a suggestion, it's an offer to help. Okay. The last one here is: "Help yourself." So, when do we say to somebody: "Help yourself"? Well, usually we say it most often probably when there's a lot of food and drinks on the table, and we say to somebody: "Hey, come on in. Help yourself." So what we're telling them is that nobody is going to serve you, you should please go around and help yourself, have as much as you like of the food, of the drink, of the desserts, or whatever. It doesn't have to be only food. It's often that. It could be other things, it could be materials. Maybe you went to a seminar and there's a lot of information on the table, and they just say: "We're not going to hand it to you, but you can help yourself."
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Learn the Keys to IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success Learn the Keys to IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success
2 years ago En Ru
Success at essay writing depends on you, but only if you know what matters! Learn the precise elements you must master for essay writing success on the IELTS, TOEFL, and TOEIC. This is an essential lesson from an experienced teacher who has examined thousands of essays. If you are planning to take a test or simply want to improve your essay writing skills, don't miss these keys to higher English grades. TEST YOUR UNDERSTANDING WITH THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/learn-the-keys-to-ielts-toefl-essay-success/ FREE IELTS GUIDE: http://www.goodluckielts.com/ FREE TOEFL GUIDE: http://www.goodlucktoefl.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca, and today I'm going to share with you a whole new way to think about your essay writing. Now, a lot of students get very confused when it comes to essays. They don't understand why they got a low score, they don't sometimes understand why they got a high score. Well, I'm going to break it down for you so you understand exactly how an examiner thinks when he's giving... He or she is giving you marks. All right? Because I've been an examiner thousands of times. So, this is what it breaks down to. What is good essay writing? Well, a good essay depends on two main areas: What you write and how you write. What you write depends on your topic, whether you write about your topic because if you write a beautiful essay on the wrong topic, you're still going to get a zero. It depends on what you write, depends on your topic, depends on your logic of your ideas, how you present it, the organization of your ideas, and things like that. That's what you write. But today we're not going to talk about what you write. We're going to talk about the second element, which is how you write. Okay? It'll be... There are other essay... Other lessons of mine which talk about what to write. Today we're focused on how to write. And what I want you to understand is in connection with how you write, every single little thing you do matters, from the smallest thing to the biggest thing, and that's how I want you to learn to think about your writing, that everything from the micro level (the smallest level) to the macro level (the largest level) matters. What do I mean by that? Let's look. So, what I mean is every mark you place on your essay matters, every word you choose matters, every sentence you write matters, every paragraph you construct matters, and the entire essay that you build is important. Okay? What did I just go over? That every mark you place, every word you choose, every sentence you write, every paragraph you construct, and the entire essay - all of that constructs... Goes together and combines to give you a good score or not. So, let's see how you can improve in every single aspect. Okay? Let's start with the smallest aspect, but smallest doesn't mean necessarily least important. Okay? So when we talk about every mark you make, it means the punctuation. Now, people think that they know punctuation, but do you really know punctuation? Yes, you probably know how to use a question mark, you may know how to use an exclamation mark, although we don't use them too much in essay writing. Do you know how to use a semi-colon? Do you know how to use quotation marks? If not, that's something you need to go and study so that you can include the whole range of punctuation marks in your essay so you can show the examiner that I know how to write well in English, which is what you're trying to do. So if you're not 100% sure, for example, how to use a semi-colon, then go and find out. Okay? Next: The words you choose, obviously, are very important. That means you need to use rich vocabulary. That means using more than just saying "good" and "bad". In fact, I have another lesson on that. Go check that out on how to use anything but "good" and "bad". Right? And go to our website. I have a whole resource about 142 words you can use instead of "good" or "bad" to give you a higher score. All right? It also means... Vocabulary in essay writing also means using transition words, like to express your opinion, to compare and contrast, things like that. Right? To conclude. And if you want a list of those, you can go to another website which I'll give you a little bit later. You can check these things out. These things are available. Take advantage of them. Okay? Next: What's important when it comes to the word? Spelling. Yeah, you have to learn spelling. I know that English spelling is very difficult. I have a resource about that, too, on our engVid website about 50 common spelling errors. Make sure... Go through the list, make sure you're not making those errors. There are some things we can control, for example, check the spelling of the transition words. Right? Make sure that you're not making a mistake in something you're guaranteed to use. You can't know all the words you're going to use, but you can know some of the words you're going to use for sure.
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How native speakers say AND & THE in English How native speakers say AND & THE in English
2 years ago En
Want to sound more natural when speaking English? In this lesson, I will give you some tips and will specifically look at how native English speakers use the words "and" and "the" in a sentence. We will listen to how these common words are shortened in real conversations, and learn how to make two simple changes to improve your accent. The result? People will understand you more easily because you are speaking in the way they expect to hear. With these small changes to your speech, I guarantee you will feel more confident about your English! http://www.engvid.com/how-native-speakers-say-and-the-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you two simple changes that you can make to sound more like a native English speaker, and also to understand native English speakers when they speak. Okay? So, that is with two simple words: "and" plus "the". Okay? Now, of course, "and" plus "the", we say them pretty often. Right? We say them quite a lot. So, what's this little change that you need to make to sound more like a native speaker? Let me tell you. Let's start with "and". Now, if I just say this word: "and", then of course, you're going to say it like that: "and", but we don't usually just say that word. We say it as part of a sentence or part of a phrase. Right? So, what happens then? What happens is that this entire word "and" is reduced or shortened to sound just like "n", just like an "n". Okay? For example: "over n over", "n". Okay? Instead of "and", we're just saying: "n", "n", "n". Okay? So, let's say lots of phrases so that you can hear it, because your eyes are telling you to say "and", but I want your ears and your mouth to start recognizing and saying: "n" instead of "and" when it's in the middle of a phrase. And later, we'll look at sentences. Okay? Say it... You can say it with me, you can also repeat it after me. "Over n over", "over and over". "Again n again", "again and again". Good. "Bread n butter", "bread and butter". "Hide n seek", "hide and seek". This is a game that children play. Okay? It's called hide and seek, somebody hides, somebody goes to look for them. Another word for "looking" is "seek". All right? Let's continue. "Cream n sugar", "cream and sugar". "Pros n cons". What are "pros and cons"? "Pros and cons" are advantages and disadvantages. All right? So, even if you said those longer words, you'd say: "Advantages n disadvantages". Right? Now you know: Don't say "and", just say "n". Okay? "Black n white", "black n white". Not: "black and white", "black n white". "John n Mary", "John and Mary". "Mr. n Mrs. Jones", not: "Mr. and Mrs." Sometimes we don't even say "Mrs." nowadays, but in some countries, this forms are still used, so I'm giving you that example. "Mr. n Mrs. Jones". Or we can use it for companies, too: "Microsoft n Google". It doesn't matter what we're talking about, whether we're talking about cream and sugar or Microsoft and Google, we're still saying: "Cream n sugar", "Microsoft n", right? "Microsoft n Google". So we almost swallow the word "and", and we just reduce it to "n". Except when you want to emphasize the word "and". All right? Now, this is not true most of the time; this is an exception. All right? This is what happens 99% of the time, but sometimes you really want to emphasize the word "and". For example: "I want you to call your sister and I want you to apologize!" Now, in this case, the person who was saying that really wanted to emphasize this second part, that I don't just want you to call your sister, but I also want you to apologize. So that's why in that particular sentence, we don't just say: "I want you to call your sister n I want you to apologize." They were emphasizing it, so that's why they said "and" like "and". But most of the time, this is what you need to do. And in the next section, we're going to look at what happens when we use the word "the". Okay, now let's look at another word, a simple word, and that's the word that is spelt t-h-e. Why don't I say it? Because have you realized that this word is often pronounced in two different ways? Sometimes we pronounce it: "thuh", and sometimes we pronounce it: "thee". Why? What's going on? I'm going to tell you. Now, what I'm explaining to you is not a rule. Okay? But it is a pattern. This is what native speakers do kind of naturally. They haven't been taught that, and it's not a rule, but it is a pattern which you will recognize, and which you might want to adopt yourself. All right? So, let's understand what's behind it. So, we say: "thuh" when the word that comes after "the" starts with a consonant sound. Not just with a consonant-we'll see some exceptions in a minute-but with a consonant sound.
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Learn English Grammar: "to have" in the present tense Learn English Grammar: "to have" in the present tense
2 years ago En
You HAVE to watch this lesson! You will learn how to use the commonly confused irregular verb "to have" in positive, negative, and question forms. The verb "to have" is very important because it is used on its own and as a helping verb. If you're a beginner, learn to use this important verb correctly from the start! If you're more advanced, review the conjugation of "to have" to make sure you know this verb perfectly. Next, take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-to-have-present-tense/ and make sure you don't have any mistakes! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you're going to master one of the most important verbs in the English language, and that's the verb "to have". Now, not only is it one of the most important verbs because we use it so often for so many different things, it's also, unfortunately, a verb where a lot of students make mistakes, especially at a basic level. And sometimes these basic mistakes can cause problems even down the road when you reach advanced levels. So, whether you're a beginner student, or intermediate, or advanced - please watch and just make sure you know it; and if you're reviewing it, make sure that you review it really, really well. Okay? So, here we go. So, with the verb "to have", one of the reasons it's so important is because we use it not only as a basic verb by itself, but we also use it as a helping verb. All right? When we use it as a basic verb by itself, we can use it to show possession; what somebody has, what somebody owns. For example, you could talk about an object that you have, a thing that you have. You could say: "I have a car." You could talk about somebody's features, or qualities, or characteristics. For example: "She has nice hair." Or you could talk about relationships that people have, for example: "They have children." Okay? You can also use the verb "to have" to talk about actions, and we use this a lot. Like: "I... I have a shower every day. I have dinner at 7 o'clock." Or: "He has a lot of meetings today." Right? So, we use it in so many different ways. And, of course, as I said, we also use it in more advanced ways as a helping verb in our perfect tenses. For example: "I have done my homework." Okay? So, let's begin understanding exactly how this simple verb is structured. All right. So, I've divided the board into three sections: positive, negative, and questions. So, you'll learn exactly how to use it in all three situations, and those are the only situations. Okay? So, first: "I have", "You have", "We have", and "They have". With these four pronouns, we say: "have", and that's our base form of the verb, and that's what we use here. But where does it change, and where do most of the mistakes happen? They happen, here. For: "he", "she", and "it", we don't say "have". We have to say: "has". "He has a car.", "She has a car.", "It has a camera." Okay? Your cellphone, for example. All right? So, make sure that you remember this, because this part is very important. You will see that actually we don't have "has" in any other section of this entire structure, but we do have it here. Okay? I'll come back to it. Now, what happens when we make the sentence negative? So, instead of saying: "I have a camera", you can say: "I don't have a camera." What is "don't"? "Don't" is short for "do not", but when we're speaking, we just shorten it, we contract it, and it becomes "don't". "I don't have a camera, you don't have a camera, we don't have a camera, and they don't have a camera, so we're not going to take any pictures." Okay? All right. "Don't have". Now, what happens when we're saying: "he", "she", or "it"? Now, two things happen. First of all, we have to use a different word, here. We don't say: "do not", we say: "does not". When we shorten it, it becomes: "He doesn't". And then you come back to the base form of the verb, so you say: "He doesn't have". Not: "He doesn't has", which is a mistake that many students make, but you're coming back to the base form of the verb. Look at all the places where we see the base form of the verb. Okay? Here, here, here, here, here. So, where do we not have the base form of the verb? Only with: "he", "she", and "it" in the positive sentence. Okay? So, let's come back: "He doesn't have a car.", "She doesn't have a car.", and "It doesn't have a camera." Okay? That's the negative. Now, if you want to ask a question, then, again, we're going to use the words: "do" and "does". So, here: "Do I have...?", "Do you have...?", "Do we have...?", "Do they have...?" All right? And with: "he", "she", and "it", you have to use the word "does". "Does he have a camera?", "Does she have a cellphone?", "Does it have an air conditioner?" Okay? The... The room. All right?
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8 Easy English Idioms with IN and ON 8 Easy English Idioms with IN and ON
2 years ago En
Are you "in the loop" or "in two minds"? Are you "on your own" or "on a mission"? Learn the meanings of eight commonly used idioms in no time! What are idioms? Words that have a different meaning when used together than when used separately. Watch this lesson now, so you won't be "in hot water" when speaking to native English speakers! Then, take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/8-easy-english-idioms-with-in-and-on/ TRANSCRIPT i. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will learn to understand and use eight idioms which are used very commonly by native English speakers. Okay? Now, of course, there are thousands of idioms in English. And just to remind you: What are idioms? Idioms are expressions that have a different meaning when used... When the words are used together than when they are used separately. But even though there are thousands - don't worry. Today our goal, our mission is for you to know eight more idioms than when you woke up this morning. Okay? So, let's get started. Number one. Oh, by the way, I tried to make it a little bit easier for you by choosing four that start with "in" and four that start with "on". Okay? I hope that helps. All right, number one: "in the loop". What does it mean to be "in the loop"? It means to be... First of all, a "loop" is like something round, a circle. Okay? Kind of like a circle or... Or if I take this wire and I make it go around, I will loop it around. Okay? So, "loop" is like a circle. So, if you are "in the loop", you're part of a group of people who know what's happening. Okay? That's what it means. So, sometimes there are in... Let's say in a company, there are some people who are lower down, and there's some people who are a little bit higher up, and they know exactly what's going on, they are in the loop. Okay? They know what's happening, or part of a group of people who know what's happening. Okay. Now: "in two minds". What does it mean to be "in two minds"? What do you think it means? In this is one mind, this is another mind - no. Okay. So, "in two minds" means you're not sure what to do. You feel like doing this, then you feel like doing that, so you are in two minds. It means you're undecided or unsure. Okay? Next, number three: "in hot water". Okay. What do you think it means: "in hot water", to be in hot water? I don't know. Maybe you have a similar expression in your language. Well, in English, it's not good to be in hot water. In English, if you're in hot water it means you are in trouble. Okay? So it's not a good thing. All right. And number four: "in no time". What does that mean: "in no time"? It means very, very quickly. All right? "In no time" means very quickly. Let's review. "In the loop" means you're part of a circle of people or a group of people who know what's going on. "In hot water" means you're in trouble. "In two minds" means you're unsure, you're undecided. And "in no time" means very fast, very quickly. Okay? Let's go on to the next four. Are you ready? Let's go. Number five: "on a mission". If you are on a mission, which I believe you are, it means you are determined to do something, you are very serious about achieving something, a goal, a target. Okay? You are on a mission. I think you are on a mission to improve your English, that's why you're watching this video. Okay, number six: "on my own". Now, I've written: "on my own", but you can actually write anything; "on my own", "on your own", "on his own", "on her own", "on our own", "on their own". Okay? But what does it mean if I say: "I'm on my own"? It means I'm alone. Or: "I did it on my own" means I did it by myself. Okay? So, what it means is just that person alone; not with any help or not with anyone else there. Okay? Number seven: "on good terms". What does it mean to be on good terms with somebody? Well, I hope you're on good terms with your boss, with your colleagues, with your neighbours. It means you have a good relationship with them. Okay? "On good terms" means a good relationship. And the last one, here: "on second thought", okay? So, "on second thought" means on thinking a little bit more, when I think a little bit further, then I think this. So what this suggests is that first you made one decision, but then after thinking some more, then on second thought you decided something different. Okay? So, whenever you say: "on second thought", you're going to say that that new thing is different from whatever you had decided earlier. Okay? So, just to review: if you are alone, you could say you are "on your own". If you change your mind and you thought something first and now you think something else, so then what expression could you use? "On second thought", good. If you are determined to do something and nothing's going to stop you, you could use which idiom? You could use the idiom: "on a mission". And if you get along very well with people, you can say you are "on good terms" with them, very nice. Let's use them now, okay?
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Learn English Grammar: How long does it take? Learn English Grammar: How long does it take?
2 years ago En
How long will it take you to watch this video? Just a few minutes! But in that short time, you will learn how to use the very common English expression "how long will it take" in the present, past, and future tenses. Improve your grammar instantly by watching this video, then master how to ask and answer questions easily by doing the many practice exercises on the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-grammar-how-long-does-it-take/ . TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use the expressions: "How long does it take...?", "How long did it take...?", and "How long will it take...?" All right? Now, before we begin I want to explain that the words "how long" can apply to two different areas. Sometimes they apply to space, and sometimes they apply to time. So, for example, we could say: "How long is the table?" Now we are measuring space. Okay? The length of the table. That's one meaning. That's not what you're going to learn in this lesson. In this lesson we're going to focus on "how long" in terms of time. So when we say: How long does it take for something, we're actually asking: How much time is needed for something? How much time is required to do something? For example: "How long does it take to fly from Los Angeles to New York?" Okay? So that's in the present tense, which we can use to talk about things in general. So: "How long does it take to fly from Los Angeles to New York?" The answer to that would be: "It takes about six hours." Okay? You see that up here. -"How long does it take...?" -"It takes..." Now, if you were asking the same question in the past, then we would ask it like this: -"How long did it take to fly from Los Angeles to New York?" -"It took about six hours." Okay? So along with the question, we see that the answer has to also change. Right? The form of the verb "take" changes according to our response. Now, in the future we would say: -"How long will it take to fly from Los Angeles to New York?" -"It will take about six hours." Okay? So what you need to remember is this expression: "How long does it take...?", "How long did it take...?", or "How long will it take...?" And also the responses: "It takes...", or "It took...", or "It will take..." All right? Does that seem easy? Well, I hope so. We're going to find out in a minute. We're going to do an exercise where you'll have a chance to practice using these expressions. So let's begin. So remember: According to whatever it says here, present or past or future, you're going to ask questions like: "How long does it take...?", "How long did it take...?", or "How long will it take...?" and the appropriate answer. Okay? If you need to look down here, you can to look at the words: "does", "did", or "will", or "takes", "took", or "will take", but if you don't need to, then just try to keep your eyes at the top. Okay? First one. Present. "How long does it take to become a doctor?" The answer is: "It takes 10 years." Okay? At least 10 years. Probably much more. Okay. In the future, how will you ask this question? "How long will it take to finish your homework?" Answer: "It will take 30 minutes." Okay? Try to do it along with me. In the past, how do we ask the question? "How long did it take to complete your MBA?" In the past, the answer: "It took 2 years." Okay? Next, in the future: -"How long will it take to deliver the pizza?" -"It will take 20 minutes." Good. In the present, okay? Still with me? Ready? How do we ask the question in the present? "How long does it take to drive downtown?" The answer: "It takes 45 minutes." Good. Now, in the future. Slightly different question, I'm going to show you what it is. So: "How long will it take you", okay? Now we've put in a word here. "How long will it take you to get ready?" So the answer is: "It will take me 10 minutes to get ready." Okay? You see how that is? -"How long will it take you...?" -"It will take me..." All right? Next, if we're asking the question in the past: "How long did it take him to get a refund?" The answer: "It took him 2 weeks to get a refund." Okay? Good, you're doing great. And the last one in the present tense: "How long does it take her to get to work?" Okay? "How long does it take her to get to work?" Good. The answer is: "It takes her 15 minutes. It takes her 15 minutes to get to work." Okay? All right. Once you get the hang of it, of course it will flow much faster and much more easily. Right? -"How long does it take...?" -"It takes this long." -"How long did it take...?" -"It took that long." -"How long will it take...?" -"It will take this long." Okay? So, practice it. And a very good way to do that is to go to our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can do a quiz on this lesson and also have access to hundreds and hundreds of other English lessons. Okay? I wish you all the best with your English. Bye for now.
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Improve your Vocabulary: 8 verbs to talk about movement Improve your Vocabulary: 8 verbs to talk about movement
2 years ago En
You probably know the words "walk" and "run", but do you know "shuffle", "stroll", or "tiptoe"? In this lesson, you'll learn eight words native English speakers use to talk about moving. Having a broad vocabulary will help you understand more English, and will make your speech more fluent. In this video, you'll hear explanations and common examples of when we use these words. Whether your goal is to get a higher score on IELTS or TOEFL, to improve your high school or university writing, or you just want to be a more descriptive speaker -- watch this lesson, then take the quiz at: http://www.engvid.com/8-verbs-to-talk-about-movement/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Do you want to be able to speak and write in a more dynamic way in English? Do you want to be able to enjoy literature, movies, and television in English? Well, the key to all of that is to expand your vocabulary. Now, of course you know that and I'm sure you've been trying to do that. And I'm going to show you one way to do it, and it's by focusing on a particular theme. And the theme of this lesson is movement, so I'm going to show you and introduce you to eight different words that are connected with movement, moving in different ways. So if I were to ask you what vocabulary you know that is related to people moving, what would you say? Think for a second. Maybe you can think that people... What do people do? People walk, people run, but do you know a lot of other words around that? Well, I think in a few minutes you will know. Okay? So let's look at some of this vocabulary which will make it more interesting for you to express what's happening around you. Okay? Let's get started. So, the first word is "crawled": "The baby crawled along the floor." So, what does it mean to crawl? "To crawl" means to move on your hands and knees like a baby does before it learns how to walk. "The baby crawled along the floor." Okay? Good. Next one: "The young child toddled into the kitchen." What does it mean to toddle? Like this. You know when children have just learned how to walk? They can't sort of walk too straight, so they move like this. So this movement is called "toddling". And in fact, a child who is about... I think up to about one and a half year or so is called a "toddler". Okay? Because it toddles. He or she toddles. So: "The young child toddled into the kitchen." Next: "The old man shuffled along." So, "to shuffle" means to move without moving or lifting your feet very much. So think of an old man with a walker, walking along the corridor and he's not really able to move his feet very much or very high, so he's shuffling along. Okay? "The old man shuffled along." Good. Next one: "The injured player limped off the football field." So, he's injured, he hurt his leg, he can't walk properly, so he limped off the football field. So, you limp when you have hurt some part of your body, one of your legs or your feet, or something like that and you can't walk properly, then you are limping. Okay? So, now you've learned four words already. "Crawled" on your hands and knees, "toddled" like a young child, "shuffled" like an old man, and "limped" like somebody who is injured. Okay? Next: "The nervous father paced back and forth." You know sometimes when you're scared, or nervous, or afraid of something, you can't sit still, you feel very restless, so you walk back and forth? That's what it means to pace. To move in a nervous way. All right? That's pacing. Then we have the next one: "The young couple strolled in the park." Okay? So they're holding hands, it's a beautiful day, and they're walking along, and they're strolling in the park. They're walking in a very relaxed, happy way, very calm way. They are strolling. Okay? "The young couple strolled in the park." All right. Next one: "The businessman hurried to the airport." Okay? He hurried. "To hurry" means to walk or move fast. The next one and the last one that we have here today is: "The teenager tiptoed into the house." Okay? "To tiptoe" means to walk quietly on your toes, because maybe the teenager didn't want his parents to know that he was coming home that late, so he tiptoed into the house. All right? So that means to like walk on your toes to be very quiet. So, you also learned these last four. "To pace" means to walk nervously, "to stroll" means to walk slowly and in a relaxed way, "to hurry" of course means to rush, and "to tiptoe" means to walk on your toes in a very quiet way. So, now we're going to check how well you've expanded your vocabulary with these eight new words. So, let's start. So, now we're going to express the words in the present tense. Okay? You choose the words. Help me along here. So, what's the word if I want to say that somebody's moving fast? To move fast like the businessperson is to "hurry". Right? Very good. To move on your hands and knees. The word starts with "c". What's the word? To "crawl". Okay? Good.
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Can you find these 10 common English mistakes? Can you find these 10 common English mistakes?
2 years ago En
How's your English? Find out with this quick quiz. If you get any wrong, follow up by watching the lessons you need, related to each mistake. Improve your English immediately by correcting these basic English errors. Test your knowledge with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/can-you-find-these-10-common-english-mistakes/ Whose or Who's? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04YAkWJw3Js It's or Its? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-_vU1WlKTA Your or You're? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRxod7diTkU Advice & Advise https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCbAx9pZU7k Bring & Take https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YgN088QH598 Lose or Loose? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWHikwIGTvs They're, There, Their https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3SAngtK4lg Before & Ago https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1VAPaJt7_E Success, Succeed, Successful, Successfully https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCoTL16EaUA Adverbs of Manner https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_BHPv9EYA8 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Do you think you speak good English? Well, let's find out. In this lesson we're going to look at 10 common errors made by English students, and let's see if you know the difference between right and wrong. Okay? Let's get started. So, here's the first one: "Whose this?" or "Who's this?" Now, these are homonyms. That means they're two words that sound the same or almost the same, but they're spelled differently and they have different meanings. So which one is correct in this question? Okay? Think about it. So I hope you said that this is correct. Okay? Because this one is the word we use when we're talking about possession. Okay? "Whose bag is this?", "Whose book is this?" Like that. Okay? But: "Who's this?", "Who's" means: "Who is this?" Okay? Let's go to the next one. "Its Maria." or "It's Maria." Another homonym. A lot of people get this wrong, so look at it carefully. What should it be? I hope you said that this is correct and this is wrong. Okay? Because this again means: "It is Maria." And the other one is the possessive form. Okay? Now, you'll have a chance to understand all of these in more depth-okay?-more clearly. I'll tell you exactly where to go because we have lessons on every single one of these points in case you get them wrong. Okay, next: "I think you're beautiful." or "I think your beautiful." Two more homonyms. Which one is correct? Ready? Okay, so it should be... This is right, this is not. Okay? Because again, you want to say in this sentence: "I think you are beautiful", not "your", which is the possessive form, like: "Your bag is on the table." Like that. Okay? This is a very common error made, unfortunately, also by English speakers. But you don't want to do that because you know better. Next: "Can you advice me?" or "Can you advise me?" Now, here the pronunciation was a little bit different, but which one is correct? Which word do we need here? What do you think? It should be this one, not this. This is the verb. Okay? "Can you advise me?" It almost has a "z" sound, and this with the "c" is the noun. "Can you advice", so that's not right. We can't say: "Can you advice me?" You need to say: "Can you give me some advice?" That would be fine. Then we use the noun, but in this sent-... This question, we say: "Can you advise me?" Last one on here: "Bring this file over there." or "Take this file over there." Which one is correct? Very common error, kind of a vocabulary issue here. So, the correct answer is: "Take", this is wrong, because we said: "Take this file over there." Okay? So the difference is you take something away from you, and you bring something towards you. Okay? So because we had the word "over there", the direction is away from you, so you needed to say: "Take". Next we'll look at five more. All right? Okay, number six: "Did you lose your keys?" or "Did you loose your keys?" Okay? You see that there's a spelling difference. There's also a slight pronunciation difference in those two words. So which is the correct answer? It is the first one. Okay? Because this is the verb, "lose", it has one "o", l-o-s-e, and the other word is the word "loose", as in: "His pants are loose." or "His shirt is loose." Okay? So that's not what you want here. You want the verb. Next. Here you have a choice of three. Okay? See if you can find the right one. "They're going home." or "Their going home." or "There going home." Okay? Again, these are homonyms, three of them that sound almost exactly the same so you must know which word is the right word to use. So, which one is it? I hope you said this one. Okay? These are not correct, because this is a contraction which is two words which are shortened into one, which stands for: "They are going home." Okay? This one: "Their", t-h-e-i-r is a possessive form: "This is their house." And "there" is the opposite of like "here", "there", that kind of thing. Okay?
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Learn English for Call Centers and Customer Service Jobs Learn English for Call Centers and Customer Service Jobs
2 years ago En
Does your job involve speaking with customers in English? If you want to speak clearly and politely to customers, this lesson is for you! You'll hear a model conversation full of polite expressions you can use at work. I'll teach you the correct way to greet customers, and how to ask common questions that come up in customer service and sales jobs in call centers. This is a great way to improve your job performance or to prepare for a call center interview. I'll also teach you a secret that all the top customer service agents know. Beyond call center training, this lesson will help anyone who wants to communicate more professionally and politely in the workplace. http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-for-call-centers-and-customer-service-jobs/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Being polite is always important, but it's especially important if you have a job in a call centre or in any customer service oriented position. So, let's look at what it sounds like when we meet a polite employee and a rude employee, whether it's on the phone or in person. But this dialogue that we're going to go through is actually on the phone. So, let's listen. Okay, so we have here two employees, Rude Robert and Polite Patricia, and they speak very differently. So let's listen to Robert. Robert answers the phone, and he says; "Yes? Huh?" Patricia says: "Hello. Good morning." Robert goes on: "What do you want?" Patricia says: "May I help you? How can I assist you?" Then Robert says: "Wait a minute." Patricia says: "Just a moment, please." Then Robert can't hear, so he says: "What? Huh? Can't hear you." Patricia says: "I'm afraid I didn't hear what you said. Could you speak a little louder, please?" Now, in this case, we were listening to both people. Right? Let's just go and listen to Robert by himself and see what he sounds like. "Yes. Huh? What do you want? Wait a minute. What? Huh? Can't hear you." Now let's listen to Patricia. "Hello. Good morning. May I help you? How can I assist you? Just a moment, please. I'm afraid I didn't hear what you said. Could you speak a little louder, please?" Who would you rather meet on the phone? Let's continue this dialogue. And Robert continues. Let's listen in. "What else? Is that it?" Patricia says: "Will there be anything else? Will that be all? Is there anything else I can help you with today?" Robert says: "Gimme yer email." Now, you see, I wrote here: "Gimme your email." Okay? That is not proper English; that is not correct English. Don't write like that. But I wrote it like that because when people speak really fast and they speak very casually and very, very, very informally, then it sounds like that. But it's only proper in certain informal situations with your friends or something like that; not in the workplace. Okay? And certainly not in a customer service kind of position. So, you will see some things like that here, but don't try to talk like that or write like that if you have a customer service job. So, Robert says: "Gimme your email." Patricia says: "May I have your email please?" Robert says: "How many boxes do ya want?" Patricia says: "How many boxes would you like?" Now, that's something to really pay attention to. When we change: "Do you want" to "Would you like", it makes a world of difference. "Would you like" is very, very polite, and "Do you want" is very ordinary. So make sure that you use: "Would you like", even if you don't have a customer service job. It's just a much more polite way of speaking. Let's continue. So, Robert says: "How do you wanna pay?" And Patricia says: "How would you like to pay?" Again, we see: "Do you want" or "wanna" and "Would you like". Right? "How will you be paying today?" And Robert says: "Okay. Bye!" And Patricia says: "Thank you very much. Have a nice day. Now, did you notice that when I was reading Patricia's part, I was smiling; when I was reading Robert's part, I wasn't smiling? So, most call centres and customer service positions train their employees to smile while they're speaking, because they say that we can hear your smile. All right? And it's true. And if you go back and listen to this video, you might hear my smile even if you're not looking at the video. So try that yourself. If you want to sound friendlier, if you want to sound more polite, if you want to sound warmer - then smile, especially when you're on the phone. And even though people can't see you, they can hear your smile and your warmth. Okay? So, keep these points in mind. They can make or break your career. All right? If you'd like to do some practice on this, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. Thanks very much for watching. Bye for now.
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Learn English: "because" or "because of"? Learn English: "because" or "because of"?
2 years ago En
What's the difference between "because" and "because of"? The word "because" is used when we express the reason or cause of something. Sometimes, we use it on its own, and other times, we use "because of". Both of them give reasons, but grammatically, they are used in different situations. Do you know the difference between the two? In this short English grammar lesson, I will teach you how to use these common words correctly. Test your understanding of this lesson by taking my quiz at http://www.engvid.com/learn-english-because-or-because-of/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Do you mix up the words "because" and "because of"? It's possible that you do and you know it, and it's possible that you do mix them up but you don't know it. So, let's find out-all right?-in this lesson. Now, both of these terms are used to give reasons, but grammatically, in English, they're actually used very differently. So let's understand this difference in this lesson. So, first: "because" by itself is a conjunction in English, and "because of" in English is a two-word preposition. Okay? So, technically, they are different. Now, "because", the conjunction, is followed by a subject and a verb. "Because of", the two-word preposition is followed by a noun or a noun phrase. So, that's the grammar of it. Let's look at some examples so you can really understand this. So here's an example of using "because" properly: "Because it was raining, we cancelled the picnic." All right? So, what do you see? You see the word "Because"-you see a subject, here, right?-"it", "was raining", verb. Right? "Because it was raining, we cancelled the picnic." All right? So that's the proper use of the word "because", because it's followed by a subject and a verb. Now, let's look at the same sentence with "because of". So, as we said, "because of" should be followed by noun or noun phrase. Let's see if that happens in our example. "Because of the rain, we cancelled the picnic." You see how it's quite different from the first example? Here we said: "Because it was raining", here we said: "Because of the rain". So, here, "because" is followed by "rain", which is a noun. Right? And then the rest of it is the same. Now, even though in both these sentences I started with the word "Because", it doesn't have to be like that; it could be the other way around. It could be: "We cancelled the picnic because of the rain." Or: "We cancelled the picnic because it was raining." Okay? That part doesn't matter, but this part about "because of" or just "because" is still the same. Now, let's take another example. "Because the flight was delayed, they missed the meeting." All right? So, what do we have here? We have: "Because the flight"-subject-"was delayed" is our verb. Right? So that's fine. "Because the flight was delayed, we missed... They missed the meeting." Let's look at the next example. "Because of the flight delay, they missed the meeting." So this time we have here-right?-our noun. "Because of the flight delay"-noun, noun phrase-"they missed the meeting". All right? Do you see how it's quite different? Let's see how well you've understood this by actually doing some practice together. So, we have here eight fill-in-the-blank sentences, which you will fill in with either "because" or "because of". Remember the rules. "Because" plus a subject or/and verb. Or: "Because of" plus a noun or noun phrase. Okay? Let's get started. Number one: "__________ she was busy, she didn't call me." So, should we say: "Because she was busy, she didn't call me." or should we say: "Because of she was busy, she didn't call me."? Which one is right? It should be: "Because she was busy", because we have "Because" plus a subject, "she was busy". Okay? Next: "__________ the traffic jam, they were late." Blank the traffic jam, they were late. Should it be: "Because the traffic jam" or "Because of the traffic jam"? Which one is right? It should be: "Because of the traffic jam". Okay? Good. Number three: "__________ he had the flu, he couldn't work." Blank, should it be: "Because he had the flu" or "Because of he had the flu"? Which one is right? What belongs here? "Because". Okay? Again, "Because", subject, and verb. Next: "__________ the distance, they took a taxi." Should it be: "Because the distance, they took a taxi" or "Because of the distance"? It should be: "Because of the distance", right? Because we have a noun after that. "Because of the distance, they took a taxi." How's it going so far? Is it going well? I hope so. You have four more. Okay? Let's go. Number five: "We visited John __________ he was in the hospital." Poor John. So: "We visited John because he was in the hospital." or "We visited John because of he was in the hospital."? It should be... Okay. [Laughs] All right. So: "We visited John because he was in the hospital." All right? Good.
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Grammar: Using THE with common and abstract nouns Grammar: Using THE with common and abstract nouns
2 years ago En
An abstract noun is a word that means a general concept or idea, like "life" or "friendship". We can use "the" with common nouns, as in "the sky is blue". But can we use "the" with abstract nouns? For example, would you say "happiness is important" or "the happiness is important"? If you are not sure, watch this lesson to learn when to use "the" with general and abstract nouns. Don't forget to take the quiz afterwards to test your understanding! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-the-common-abstract-nouns/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Many English learners have trouble deciding when to use "the" or no "the", so I understand that problem, I know it can be a little bit confusing, but I believe that by the end of this lesson, you're going to find it much easier. Okay? So let's start with a little quiz first to see where you stand regarding that word "the". So, let's look at this first example. Should you say: "Life is beautiful." or "The life is beautiful."? Okay. Think about it. Decide. Another one: "Friendship is precious." or "The friendship is precious."? Which one is right? Think for yourself. We'll do one more, and then I'll give you the answers. "Happiness is important." or "The happiness is important."? Which one is correct? Do you know? How do you know? How do you decide which one is right? I'll tell you. When we're talking about something which is a general concept or idea, then we do not use "the". Okay? For example, let's take the first one. "Life is beautiful." Now, life is a general concept, so we do not need "the". So, this is the correct answer. All right? Not this. "Life is beautiful." Because life is a general idea, a general concept. Okay? We're not talking about anything specific. If we say: "The life of wise people is beautiful." that is something specific, and then we would be correct to say: "The life". Okay? But if we're just talking in general, then no "the". Let's look at the next example. "Friendship is precious." Again, friendship is a general idea or a general concept, so this is correct. Okay? In this example, this one was wrong. But if I said, for example: "The friendship between those two children is precious." then that would be fine, because now I'm specifying which friendship. Right? The friendship between those two children, so then it becomes specific, and then we would use "the". But in this example, this is correct. Okay? Just like this was, and this is wrong, because this is a general idea. Okay? Next one: "Happiness is important." By now you know, again, happiness is a general idea, a general concept, so this is correct. In this example, it would be wrong to say: "The happiness", because: The happiness of what? So, if we say: "The happiness of my family is important." that's fine. That's very good. That would be a perfect sentence. But in this case, we cannot say: "The happiness is important." because we didn't specify which happiness. Okay? So, in this case, that's wrong, and this is correct. Okay? Now, the same principle applies to these. See if you can figure it out. Okay? "I want to make money." or "I want to make the money."? Which one do you think is right? Are we speaking in general, or are we speaking specifically? Well, we are speaking in general right now, so this is correct, because we're just talking about money; we didn't say which money. I want to make money. Right? General idea. If I said, for example: "I want to make the money I need to pay my rent." that's specific, so then I could say: "the money", because I'm explaining after that which money. Okay? But in this example, no. Next one: "She wants to lose weight." or "She wants to lose the weight."? Is it general or is it specific? What do you think? It's still general. Good. By now you're getting really smart. "She wants to lose weight." is a general term. Right? We're just talking about weight in general; not any specific weight. But if I say: "She wants to lose the weight she put on during the holidays." that's specific, and then I need "the". Okay? But not in this example. So, last one here: "He needs to earn respect." or do we say: "He needs to earn the respect."? Is it general or is it specific? By now you know, you'll really know. It's general. Very good. Okay? Because we didn't talk about any specific respect; we're talking about respect in general. So: "He needs to earn respect." But if this was being used, it would be something like: "He needs to earn the respect of his peers." Peers are people your age. Okay? Or: "He needs to earn the respect of his employees." for example, or "of his parents". Then it becomes specific. Which respect? The respect of his parents, the respect of his employees. All right? So, if it was specific, then we could say "the", but when we're just talking in general, we don't need "the". "Life is beautiful.", "Friendship is precious.", "Happiness is important.", "I want to make money.", "She wants to lose weight.", "He needs to earn respect."
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Do you know these 8 idioms with 'TAKE'? Do you know these 8 idioms with 'TAKE'?
3 years ago En
Learn the meaning of 8 commonly used idioms with the word "take". Do you know the difference between "take place" and "take sides"? What about "take care" and "take charge"? In this lesson, you will learn the meaning of eight commonly-used idioms that use the word "take". Start using idioms like these easily and naturally, just like native speakers do every day. Don't take forever! Watch this lesson now! Take the quiz to test your understanding: http://www.engvid.com/8-idioms-with-take/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. You can never learn enough idioms, it seems, because they are everywhere. So this is a lesson about idioms with the word "take". Let's go. Number one: "When did the accident take place?" So, what do you think that means? "When did the accident take place?" means: When did the accident happen? Okay? When did it happen? When did it take place? Good. Number two: "Please take your time." What do you think that means? "Take your time" means don't rush. Don't be in a hurry. Number three: "It takes forever to load these files.", "It takes forever to load these files." what do you think that means? It means it takes a very long time, because forever is a really long time. So, this idiom means it takes a very long time. Next, number four: "The painkillers should take effect soon. The painkillers should take effect soon." what does that mean? That the painkillers, the medicine should start working soon. Okay? Should have an influence or an impact soon. Let's review. "When did the accident take place?" means: When did the accident happen? "Take your time." Don't rush. "It takes forever." It takes a long time. And: "The painkillers should take effect" means that the painkillers should start working soon. Good. Number five: "Don't take sides without understanding the issues.", "Don't take sides", it means don't support this party, or this person, or this group, or that group without understanding the issues. Don't support one side or the other. Okay? That's what it means to take sides, to prefer and support one side. Number six: "See you! Take care!" You hear this expression a lot, right? People use it. Native speakers use it all the time. "Take care", they use it in writing, they use it in speaking. So, what does that mean: "Take care"? It just means: "Hey, look after yourself. Be well. Be..." You know? That's it. Nothing very serious, but: "Take care. Look after yourself." Okay? Number seven: "Did you take note of how she looked at me? Did you take note of how she looked at me?", "Take note of" means: Did you notice? Did you realize? Okay? Did you pay attention to...? Okay? Good. Number eight: "You need to take charge of your life." Okay? What does it mean to take charge of something? To take charge of something means to get in control of something. So, "take charge" means to get in control. Let's review again. Number five: "Don't take sides" means don't prefer or support one side or the other. "Take care" means look after yourself. "Take note of something" means to pay attention to something, or realize, or understand. And "to take charge of something" means, what? Do you remember? It means to get in control. Okay? Let's go really quickly. "When did it take place?" When did it happen? "Take your time", don't rush. "It takes forever", it takes a long time. "When will it take effect?" When will it start to work? "Don't take sides", don't prefer one side or the other. "Take care!" Look after yourself. "Take note of something", pay attention to this. And "take charge of something", be in control of it. All right? So, you've just learned eight idioms. If you want to make sure that you really know them, go to our website at www.engvid.com. There, you can do a quiz on these idioms, as well as watch more than 700 or so videos on all aspects of English. Okay? Good luck with your English. Bye for now.
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How to get people to say YES! How to get people to say YES!
3 years ago En
Learn the simple, secret word that makes people say yes to you more often! Find out the best ways to make polite requests of bosses, co-workers, friends, family, or strangers. First, we will look at the 3 levels of requests and what they are based on. Then you will practice how to adjust your language to different situations, problems, and people. This lesson will help you achieve more success in business and life! Test your understanding with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-get-people-to-say-yes/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this special lesson will help you get people to do things for you. How? In two different ways. By teaching you the language that you need to make requests, and the psychology that you need to make request, because the language will show you how to make a polite request, and the psychology will teach you how to make an effective request. In fact, if you keep listening, in the middle of this lesson, I'm going to share with you some research that was done by psychologists that show you one secret word, one keyword and technique that will help people to say "yes" to you when you ask for something. Okay? So keep watching and listening. Now, when we start to talk about the language, you should know that there are three factors that determine what language we use to make a polite request. The first one is: What is the relationship of the person that you're asking? Okay? Is it a family member, is it a colleague, or is it a stranger? Okay? Because obviously, we speak differently to these different people. Right? Okay. Next: What is the difficulty-okay?-of the request? Are you asking for a lot of the person's time, or effort, or money, or something else? How hard is it for that person to do that for you? And third: What is the size of the request? Is it a small request, is it a kind of medium-sized request, or is it a huge request, are you asking a lot of that person? Why is this important? Because the size of the request will determine also the language that we use, and that's what we're going to look at next. Okay, so let's start with a small request. "Can I go now?" Medium request: "Do you think I could leave now?" Big request: "I was wondering if it would be possible for me to leave early?" So, what were some of the characteristics of these three different kind of requests? Okay? The small one was a little bit more direct, informal, and short. The medium request was more polite, formal, and the standard size of a question. And the bigger request was very polite, very formal, and also very long. So what that means is that when you want to ask something more serious, you need to say more words, you need to make it longer. Okay? And I'll show you some of the expressions that you use in order to do that. Let's take another example. Small request: "Got $5?" Medium request: "Could you please lend me $25?" Big request: "I hope you don't mind my asking, but could I please borrow $250?" Okay? So we went from 5 to 25 to 250; it became a little more serious. And because it was more serious, here, the sentence, the question was much longer. What kind of expressions did we use? "I was wondering if it would be possible", "I hope you don't mind my asking, but". You see how we have so many words before we actually get to the main part? But here, we have very few words before we get to the main part. Right? Because it's more informal, and this is more formal, and this is somewhere in between, so we had just a few extra words: "Do you think I could", "Could you please". Right? So these are the key phrases which you will find in the research, I'll tell you later where you can download this resource which has these expressions. But now I'm going to tell you what I told you I was going to tell you, which is: What is that key that the psychologists found through their research that will help you to be more successful when you make a request? Well, it was this: When you ask somebody for something, if you tell them why, if you give them the reason or if you use the word "because" to give them the reason, it will help you to get a more positive reply. So, let's try that now and see how you feel when I ask you these questions, this time using a... Either the word "because", or giving you a reason. Okay? "Can I go now? Because I have to pick up my kids." Okay? So it's a little bit different when I tell you that I need to go because I have to pick up my kids. Right? So that reason that I gave you might help you... Help you to decide that: Yes, it's okay for me to go. Okay? "Got $5? Because I need to buy lunch." Okay? All right.
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English Vocabulary: Verbs for things you do every day! English Vocabulary: Verbs for things you do every day!
3 years ago En
Do you make your bed in the morning? Set the table before dinner? Empty the trash in the evening? Learn to speak fluently about common tasks by watching this simple lesson on everyday actions around the home. I will teach you simple and useful verbs that will help you describe things you do at home, like "clean", "wash", "vacuum", and more. Don't miss this useful vocabulary lesson, and don't forget to do the quiz at the end to check your understanding. http://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-verbs-for-things-you-do-every-day/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name's Rebecca. Sometimes students want very much to learn advanced vocabulary, but in the process, they forget about learning some basic everyday vocabulary, which you also need to describe everyday life. So in today's lesson, we'll focus on the verbs you need to describe some common activities around the home, and you're going to help me with this. Okay? So, when you get out of bed, what do you need to do to the bed if you want your room to look nice? You need to "make the bed". Okay? That's the correct expression. What about the dishes? After you've eaten, you have a big mess in the kitchen, and you say: "I need to"? "Do the dishes" is the most common expression. Okay? Now, of course, with the dishes, you could do some other things. You could say: "I need to wash the dishes." But usually, "do the dishes" means that. You could say you need to dry the dishes, but this is the most common expression. Okay? If you're lucky enough to not have to do the dishes by hand and you have a dishwasher, then what's the verb for what you do to put the dishes inside? Do you know the verb? I need to "load the dishwasher". Okay? Or "unload the dishwasher" or "empty the dishwasher". Okay? But when you're putting the dishes inside, you say: "I need to load the dishwasher." Next, okay, you've prepared the food and it's... You're going to... You need to now make the table look very nice, put the plates, and the glasses, and the cutlery, so you need to do what to the table before you eat? You need to "set the table". Okay? That's the correct expression. Now, after you've finished eating and you need to take all of the dirty dishes back to the kitchen, so you need to do what to the table? You need to "clear the table". Okay? That's after you eat. Next, for the carpet. What's the verb you can use to say that you need to say "clean the carpet"? We don't really say "clean the carpet", we usually say to...? It starts with "v", "vacuum the carpet". Okay? Next... It could be also "the carpet" or "the rug". All right? Next: "the clothes", so what do you need to do to the clothes? Well, with clothes, you could do a number of different things. You could say: "I need to wash the clothes.", "I need to iron the clothes." for example. "I need to fold the clothes." All right? Next: you haven't cleaned the furniture in a long time and there's something on top, and if you put your finger, you can write in it. So what do you need to do? You need to "dust the furniture", because there's dust on it, but we need to... The expression we use, the verb we use is "to dust" the furniture. Next: How do you clean the floor? What verb can you use to describe that? So, you could say: "I need to sweep the floor with a broom." Sweep the floor, and if you're cleaning the floor with something wet, then we say: "I need to mop the floor." Okay? That's if it's wet; this is if it's dry. Next: Which verb do you use to describe the laundry? Okay? Which one? "I need to do the laundry." Good. What about the trash? Okay? "I need to..." You could say: "I need to empty the trash.", "I need to take out the trash." All right? Depends on the situation. Now, if you go a little bit outside your house and you have a lawn, which means the green grass outside your house... So, what's the verb for that? To... Sort of to cut the grass? We don't usually say "to cut the grass". We say to "mow", m-o-w, "to mow the lawn". Okay? And, in general, all of this described what? What were you doing? "I need to clean the house". Okay? I need to... Another verb we sometimes use, not as much at all, but we use it: "to tidy". "To tidy up" means to clean up, but it's when it's not very messy. "To clean" usually means the whole bit; everything. All right? So, sometimes knowing these basic words can also help you make breakthroughs in English. English is about little words, and advanced words, and beginner words, and it's a whole mix of things. So if you subscribe to my channel, every day, watch a little bit - you will definitely improve your English. I've helped thousands of students in classrooms and online, and I can help you. Okay? So watch our YouTube channel, and also on engVid. You can go to www.engvid.com, and you can do a quiz on this and many other English topics. Thanks very much for watching. Good luck with your English.
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How to ask questions in the PAST SIMPLE tense How to ask questions in the PAST SIMPLE tense
3 years ago En
Ready to master the most used tense in English conversations? In this easy grammar lesson you'll learn to ask questions in the past simple tense. We use this tense more than others because when we have a conversation or tell a story, we are usually talking about something that happened in the past. Unfortunately, many English learners make simple mistakes when they ask questions in the past simple tense. Watch this video for a clear explanation of all the rules you need to follow. Then we'll do some exercises together so you can practice changing statements into questions. In this lesson, I also mention irregular verbs. You can view online, download, or print a list of the most common irregular verbs in English at http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/irregular-verbs/ Take the quiz on this lesson here: http://www.engvid.com/how-to-ask-questions-in-the-past-simple-tense/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. If you're a beginner or intermediate level student, this is a really important lesson for you, and that's because we're going to focus on the past simple tense, and specifically on making questions or forming questions in the past simple tense. Now, why are these two areas specifically a little bit more challenging for students? For two reasons. First of all, when we're talking about the past tense, it's a little bit more challenging because we have to deal with regular verbs and irregular verbs, and when we're talking about questions it's a little bit harder because we have to add some words when we form a question and we have to change other words. All right? And all of this we have to do quite a lot when we speak in English, because most of the time when you speak in English or when you speak probably in any language, we tend to talk more about the past than about anything else. So, certainly, when we speak in English, we use this tense very, very often. Okay? So, let's have a look at exactly how to make these changes so that you can ask questions in the past simple tense very easily. Okay. So, first of all, let's look at the sentence. When we form a sentence using a regular verb in the past, so what we do is we take the base verb, which in this first case is "work", and we add "ed" or "d". Okay? If the verb already ends in "e", like "dance", then we just add a "d"; and if not, we add "ed". So: "He worked", right? "He worked", "work" becomes "worked". But what happens when we need to make the question? Two things. First, you have to add this extra word: "Did". Without that, your question, I guarantee you, will be wrong. It might be casual, it might be informal, but it will grammatically be incorrect. So we need that word "Did" to form the question, and then we have to make another change. We have to add this: "Did he work?" So what happened? Here, when we had the sentence, we had to write "ed", and we said: "He worked." But when we come back to the question, we are coming back to the base form off the verb, so we do not say: "Did he worked?" We just say: "Did he work?" All right? So try to get the rhythm of that. And I'll try to repeat it for you, too, which you can then listen to and repeat after me. So, for example: "He worked.", "Did he work?", "She played.", "Did she play?", "They visited.", "Did they visit?" All right? You see? In each case, we have come back to the base form of the verb. So, do not say: "Did he worked?" Don't say: "He worked?" Try to use the entire expression: "Did he work?", "Did she play?", "Did they visit?" Okay? That's with regular verbs. Now, what happens when we have irregular verbs? Well, you have to learn a little bit more. First, you have to learn: What is the past tense form to use with those irregular verbs? So, for example, in this one, the verb itself is the verb "go". "I go." Or let's say: "He goes." But in the past, you have to know that the past tense form of "go" is "went". All right? How do you know that? Well, you just have to learn it. Okay? There's no other way. There's a list of irregular verbs, and then you have to learn them by heart, you probably know many of them because you hear them a lot, but otherwise, you have to learn them. There's not much choice, there. Okay? So in the past: "He went." How do we make that into a question, and what happens? The same thing that happened up here with the regular verbs. So: "He went." becomes: "Did he go?" All right? So let's see. "He went to the store." When we ask the question, we say: "Did he go to the store?" All right? So, again, we had to add the word "did", and we have to come back to the base form of the verb, which in this case was "go". All right?
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How to write a letter: Find the Mistakes! How to write a letter: Find the Mistakes!
3 years ago En
Can you find all the mistakes in these sample sentences? I've chosen 8 mistakes students make when they write letters. Learning these common mistakes will make you a better writer in minutes! This is a great lesson to test your English because it includes a variety of English writing skills from grammar to spelling. To improve your writing, you'll also learn some great written expressions to use when you are writing in English. So whether you have to write for work/business, school, or an English proficiency exam like IELTS or TOEFL, check out this fun lesson and learn to write correctly! Continue to test yourself by taking the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/how-to-write-a-letter-find-the-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson will help you to write better letters. Whether you need to write a letter for your IELTS exam, or at work, or in life in general, this lesson will help you because we're going to focus on eight common letter-writing mistakes. Okay? Let's see if you know what they are, and also how to correct them. Okay. Number one: "I look forward to see you.", "I look forward to see you." What's wrong with that? Well, this is a very common error, actually. Most people don't realize that they're making it, but it's a really important thing to correct. So, it should be not: "I look forward to see you." But: "I look forward to seeing you.", "I look forward to seeing you.", "I look forward to meeting you.", "I look forward to discussing these ideas with you." Right? Whatever verb you put here, you need to say it or write it with "ing". Remember that. Okay. Next, number two: "Tanks your letter." Okay? This person has written: "Tanks your letter." Now, the person actually wants to say: "Thanks", but many people make a mistake, first of all, in the spelling of this word. It does have an "h" in it, so it should be: "Thanks", and then there's another mistake. Right now it says: "Thanks your letter." But that's not correct. It should be: "Thanks", what's the right preposition? "Thanks", "Thanks for your letter." Okay? Or: "Thank you for your letter." Okay. Next, number three: "Please to give my regard to Mr. Smith.", "Please to give my regard to Mr. Smith." Okay. There are two mistakes, here. See if you can find them. Okay. So, the first one is right here. We don't say: "Please to give", "Please to write", "Please something". No. We just say: "Please give", "Please reply". Right? "Please respond", "Please ask". Don't say: "to ask" or anything like that. "Please give my regard" is not right. It should be "regards". "Please give my regards to Mr. Smith." All right? We can't say "regard" just like that, without the "s", so make sure you add an "s" there. Number four: "I am interesting your products.", "I am interesting your products." That's not right. We need to say, what? Can you find the mistake? Here. "I am interested", okay? "I am interested", your products are interesting. So the thing you're talking about is with the "ing". The product is interesting, the book is interesting, the movie is interesting. Okay? But when we talk about my feelings or somebody's feelings about that, we have to say that with the "ed". "I am interested", "I am excited", okay? Like that. But there's still one other small mistake, now. Now it says: "I am interested your products." So this part is right: "I am interested", but we need to have a preposition after that. What is it? "I am interested in", "I am interested in your products." Okay? Good. Number five: "When I will be in London, I'll call you." Okay? "When I will be in London, I'll call you." In many languages, this would... This kind of structure would be correct, but in English, it's not, because there are really two parts to this sentence. Right? This one: "When I will be in London", and then the other part: "I'll call you". So I'll help you to find the mistake by telling you that this part of the sentence is actually fine. "I'll call you" is short for "I will call you", that's fine, but in this part of the sentence which has a conditional word-all right?-we do not put the future tense. We write, here, we use, here, the present simple tense. So, instead of saying: "When I will be in London", we say: "When I"... "When I am in London" or "When I'm in London, I'll call you." Okay? So when you have a sentence like that in the future and you're going to... You have two parts that have future in one section, in the other section don't use the future tense, just use present simple. And it doesn't matter what the order is. It's the same principle if the sentence was: "I'll call you", right? "I'll call you when I'm in London." So even if we change the order, the principle stays the same. Okay. Number six: "It was pleasure to meet you." This one's almost right, but not completely right. So, what's wrong, here?
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Talking about "having something done" in English Talking about "having something done" in English
3 years ago En
Do you "cut your hair", or do you "have it cut"? In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about actions that other people do for you. When we talk about these actions, we change the structure of the sentence by adding the verb "to have". In this quick lesson, you'll master an important part of speaking English correctly by learning to apply this rule, and by reviewing many example sentences. Intermediate and advanced ESL students will find this lesson very helpful. Test your understanding by taking the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/talking-about-having-something-done-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, I'll show you an advanced way to improve your English. Let me start by asking you a few questions. Do you cut your own hair? Do you repair your own car? Do you fix your roof? If you're like most people, you probably do not do those things by yourself; you have someone else do those things for you. Right? So in English, when you have someone else perform an action for you, we express that in a different way, and that's what you're going to learn in this lesson. Okay? Let's have a look at the board. Okay, so let's say that you do something by yourself. Okay? Then you would say, for example: "I paint the house every year." That's if you do it by yourself. If you... In the past, we would say: "I painted the house last year." In the future, you would say: "I will paint the house next year." Right? That's when you do the action. That's the normal way in which we construct an English sentence. But what if you don't do it yourself? What if somebody else comes in and does it for you? Okay? You hire a painter, and he or she does the work for you. Then, in English, we have to express it in a different way. We have to express it like this. In the present, it would be: "I have the house painted every year." So what's special, there? This: "I have the house painted every year." Last year or in the past: "I had the house painted last year." Okay? See the difference, there? And when we're talking about the future: "I will have the house painted next year." Okay? Good. Now, I know that sounds like a mouthful. That means it sounds like a lot of words, and it is a lot of words in the beginning until you understand how it's constructed, but just try to see the difference between: "I paint the house." and "I have the house painted.", between: "I painted the house." and "I had the house painted.", between: "I will paint the house." and "I will have the house painted." Okay? That's what you have to do when you are talking about something which someone else does for you; a service which someone else performs for you. Okay? Let's look at a few more examples, and then you'll understand a little better. So let's say, for example, I don't cut my own hair, and I guess you don't cut your own hair either. So, how would you say that? Okay? If somebody else does it for you? You would say: "I have my hair cut every month." for example. In the past: "I had my hair cut." Sorry, it should be "last month". Okay. And: "I will have my hair cut next month." Okay? So we have present, past, future. So what was special, there? "I have my hair cut", "I had my hair cut", "I will have my hair cut". Okay? So that's the way we express it when a hairdresser or someone else, or a barber, is going to cut your hair, and not you. Okay, next. Now, here we're going to talk about John. John is a rich guy, and he's also doing very well, he makes a lot of money, but he doesn't like to clean. So he doesn't clean his own apartment. He calls a maid in to clean his apartment. So, when we're talking about John, we say... We don't say: "John cleans his apartment", because he doesn't do it himself; someone else does it for him. Right? So we say: "John has his apartment cleaned every week." Okay. I said he's rich. Okay, he has the money. "John had his apartment cleaned last week." Or: "John will have his apartment cleaned next week." Same construction: "has his apartment cleaned", "had his apartment cleaned", "will have his apartment cleaned". Okay? Same concept in every single example. Let's take one last example. So, let's say a hotel-right?-they have many floors, they have to wash their windows regularly. But they don't do it themselves; they hire a company to do that, a window-washing company. So we could say: "The hotel has its windows washed every year." Right? Last year, we're talking about the past: "The hotel had its windows washed last year." Here we go. And future: "The hotel will have its windows washed next year." Okay? All right. tremendously. For more tips like that on improving your English quickly and effectively, subscribe to my YouTube channel so you can get regular videos. Okay? Thanks for watching. Bye for now.
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English Vocabulary: Crime & Criminals English Vocabulary: Crime & Criminals
3 years ago En
Do you like to watch the daily news? Do you love detective shows? Then you need this lesson on the vocabulary of crime. Here, you'll learn about five common crimes and five types of theft. You'll also learn what to call the people who commit these crimes. After the lesson, take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-crime-criminals/ And don't forget to check out the full EngVid resource on 50 different types of crimes and criminals at http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/vocabulary-crime-criminals TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this vocabulary lesson is about the topic of crime. Okay? Let's start by looking at a few headlines. All right, the first one: "Banker charged with embezzlement." Next one: "Celebrity arrested for shoplifting." Last one: "Man jailed for manslaughter." Okay? Now, there are three vocabulary words there that have to do with crimes: "embezzlement", "shoplifting", "manslaughter". If you don't know what they mean, by the end of this lesson, you will. Okay? So let's get started. So, let's look at five words that have to do with crime. What I've done this time is I've written the meaning on the board, and what I'd like you to do is to think, because in... It's possible that you know the word; some of them are fairly common, and some are not so common. Okay? So try to think what it is, and work with me. So the first word refers to the act of setting fire to a building, or a shop, or something on purpose; intentionally. Do you know what that word is in English? It starts with an "a", and it is "arson". Okay? That's the act of setting fire to a building on purpose. Maybe the person is trying to get some insurance money, or something like that. It's called "arson", and the person who does that is called an "arsonist". Next: What is the word for the crime of forcing sex on someone, or forcing someone to have sex? That one starts with an "r", and it's called "rape". Okay? The person who does that is called a "rapist". Next: What's the word for the act of killing someone on purpose, with a plan? It starts with "m", most people are familiar, unfortunately, with this word, which is "murder". The person is called a "murderer", so you add another "er" at the end. This one is the act of threatening to reveal secrets, and demanding money in order to keep quiet about those secrets. Sometimes... Or very often this is in connection with someone who is famous, a politician, or something like that. Okay? Do you know what that is? It starts with a "b" and it's called "blackmail". Okay? To blackmail someone, to threaten to reveal secrets. Next, killing someone accidentally or through negligence. What's that? Here, we said killing someone on purpose, which is murder, but this crime is called "manslaughter". Okay? Manslaughter. Killing someone accidentally or through negligence. "Negligence" means not paying enough attention to something you were supposed to be paying attention to. For example, if something happens to a child or something like that. Okay? So, these are the first five. We have five more which we're going to look at next. Okay, the next five words all have something to do with stealing, but different kinds of stealing, so we have different words for the different crimes. All right? Let's see if you know what they are. So, the first word refers to stealing in general. "Stealing", by itself, first of all, in case you're not sure, means taking something without permission, without paying for it. All right? Or from a place that's not your own place, etc. Something that's not yours. So, what is the general word for stealing in English? It starts with a "t". The word is "theft". Okay? The word is "theft", the person who does it is called a "thief". Next, stealing from a bank or shop with force or violence. With a gun, perhaps, things like that. What's that? It's kind of stealing, again, but it has a different word. It's called... It starts with an "r". "Robbery". Okay? And the person is a "robber". Might be a bank robber. It doesn't have to be only a bank robber. It could also be a robber of this in a store. All right? Next one, breaking into a home to steal. What is that crime called? This one starts with a "b". Okay? Do you know what it is? It's called "burglary". Okay? Now, I know you may not be able to see these words very well, and also what I'm saying about the people, like this one who is called a "burglar", but there will be a resource on our website about this vocabulary. So you'll have the crimes, as well as the criminals, so you can always check there if you want to know exactly what the words are, how to spell them, and so on. Next one, stealing money in your care. What I mean by that is this is a word to refer to the crime of... It's sometimes called a white-collar crime, someone who is in a... A position of responsibility, and is responsible for a lot of money, steals. Over time, usually. Not maybe at one time.
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Do you know these business abbreviations? CEO, Inc., Ltd., HR... Do you know these business abbreviations? CEO, Inc., Ltd., HR...
3 years ago En
Do you work with English speakers? Learn 10 common business abbreviations used by native speakers in the workplace. Find out the difference between HR and PR, your USP, and your ROI. Such short forms are used every day in business. You need to understand and use them to be successful in your career. There are many aspects to the English language, in this lesson you'll learn to communicate effectively using business English abbreviations. http://www.engvid.com/business-abbreviations/ Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you'll learn 10 common abbreviations that you should know if you work or want to work in the business world. Okay? It's possible you have heard many of these, and possibly not. So, let's make sure that you know all of them. Okay. So, first I'm just going to read them to you, and you can see if you've heard them before or if you know what they are. Okay? "CEO", "PR", "HR", "ISO", "ROI", "MBA", "VAT" or "V-A-T", "USP", "Ltd.", and "Inc." Okay? So, possibly you've heard some of these before. Let's go into them in more detail. So, what is a "CEO", or better still: Who is a CEO? So, a "CEO" stands for "Chief Executive Officer". Okay? And the Chief Executive Officer is the most senior executive in a corporation, in a for-profit corporation. Okay? So he's the topmost executive. All right? That's the CEO. "PR". Okay? What does "PR" stand for? "PR" stands for public relations. So, this term could define the field or it could def-... Describe a department in a particular company or corporation. And what is the job of this department? Their job or their responsibility is to spread information to the public about the organization, about the corporation, maybe in the form of new developments, in the form of press releases. Okay? If there's a crisis... Or even if something negative happens, it's the job of the public relations department to communicate that in a positive way. Sometimes they have a different section, crisis communications, but basically, "PR" stands for "public relations". Good. "HR". Okay? So, "HR" is something that you probably have heard before, especially if you've ever been for a job interview, you might have met an HR representative. So, "HR" stands for "human resources". Now, the term "human resources" can, again, refer to the entire field of managing people, it can refer to a particular department in a company that is responsible for all of the personnel that work in that organization or that company. All right? It's responsible for hiring them, for training them, and for all the administration that has to do with the staff or the personnel that work in that company. Okay? But HR, as in human resources, can also just refer to the people themselves-okay?-who work in a particular place. All right. Next is "ISO". All right? Now, this stands for "International Organization for Standardization". Okay? It's a long name for a very important organization, and it's a group that basically confers or gives quality certification to different companies for their products, for their materials, for their processes. They set quality benchmarks or quality standards. Okay? So you might see in a particular company that they are ISO 9,000 certified or something like that, and that's very important because it indicates that they have a certain degree of quality in that organization regarding that area. Okay? So it's basically an organization that sets quality benchmarks, ISO. Okay? Next is "ROI". Okay? So "ROI" has to do with finance. And it's basically... Stands for, first of all, "return on investment". "ROI", "return on investment". So, ROI is a profitability ratio that helps finance people to determine if a particular investment is going to give them profit or give them savings. All right? So that's what the "ROI" stands for, "return on investment", and it's a profitability ratio. Okay. Next: "MBA". That, you probably have heard of. Okay? We might hear somebody saying: "He has an MBA." Okay? Now, you noticed that I said "an MBA". Why did I say "an MBA"? Do you know? Usually, we say "an" before a vowel. Right? But, it's not only before a vowel. It's actually before anything that has a vowel sound. So the... The letter "m" is like "e-m", "em", so therefore, we cannot say: "He has a MBA", we say: "He has an MBA." All right? Or: "He is an MBA." We also say that. And an "MBA" stands for "Master of Business Administration". So, it's a graduate business degree. Okay? It's a very popular graduate degree in business. All right? Next is "VAT" or "value-added tax". So, value-added tax is a very common tax on goods and services, usually in Europe-okay?-you'll hear this a lot. "Is the VAT included in the price?" The value-added tax. Okay? There are different taxes, of course, in every country and every part... Or part of the world, but a VAT... VAT is a very popular common tax in Europe especially.
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English Grammar: Using PRESENT PERFECT Tense with 'NEVER' English Grammar: Using PRESENT PERFECT Tense with 'NEVER'
3 years ago En
Don't be afraid of this grammar lesson! I'll teach you how to use the PRESENT PERFECT TENSE easily, so you can start using it right after this lesson! I'll give you lots of examples, so you will understand how to talk about things you have done all your life, or things that you have never done before. You'll learn to use the word "never" with regular and irregular verbs in present perfect. Check out this lesson and master this very useful English grammar tense! Then test yourself with the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-present-perfect-tense-never/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you're going to start using the present perfect tense right away in an easy way. Now, a lot of students get a little bit scared of using the present perfect tense, but you don't have to be, especially after this lesson. I think you'll find an easy way to use it, and a reason to use it. Okay? So, first of all, just very quickly: What's the present perfect tense? It sounds like this. It sounds like: "I have skated." or "I have flown." Right? So, what does that mean? When I say: "I have skated many times in my life." it means that at some time in the past, I did something and it's still true today. Okay? So just as we can talk about things that we have done in our lives... For example: "I have seen that movie.", "I have read that book." Correct? The same way, you can also talk about what you have never done, because I'm sure that there are some things that you've never done, just like there are some things I've never done. So, we can use the present perfect to describe these actions as well. So, I'll show you what I mean? Okay? There are many good examples on the board. So, let's look at this. So, for example, with that sentence that I gave you at the beginning: "I have skated many times in my life." Now, actually, that's not true. I have never skated, okay? Even though I live in Canada, I have never skated. So, that is how we can use the present perfect tense with the word "never". So, "skated" is a regular verb. Regular verb means that in the past tense we add a "d" or an "ed". "Flown" is an irregular verb, so when we use it with the present perfect, we use the past participle. There's usually like a third form, there's a long list, you kind of have to learn by heart, when you're in school, when you're learning the present perfect, and you can practice it here because you'll see many examples that I've written for you on the board. So, here, we put the word "never" just before this last verb. Okay? So: "I have never skated.", "I have never flown." Okay? What do I mean by "flown"? So, for example, flown by airli-... By air. That's not true. In my case, I have travelled. But there are many people in the world who have never had a chance to travel by air, so they... That person could say: "I have never flown by air." Okay? All right. So, let's look at many examples so you'll understand how to say something like this. So, here I've got all the subjects, here we have the word "never", and here we have many regular verbs, and here, many irregular verbs. So let's make a lot of different sentences so you can hear the pattern of this type of sentence, as well as understanding the grammar of it. So, here we have the subject: "I've". What is "I've"? "I've" is short for "I have". Right? But when we are speaking in conversational English, usually we don't say: "I have never flown." or "I have never eaten..." No. We just say: "I've". Okay? So that's a contraction. All of these are contractions that we use in regular conversational English. So, let's make some sentences, now. "I've never visited China." Okay? So, here, we had the subject, the word "never", the verb, regular verb, past tense form, and some more information. Right? "I've never visited China.", "You've never talked to him before.", "So why are you talking to him now?" somebody might say. Okay. "We've never tried Korean food.", "They've never played so well."
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Do you know these DAY & NIGHT idioms in English? Do you know these DAY & NIGHT idioms in English?
3 years ago En
English idioms help you speak naturally and understand more! Learn what it means to 'call it a day', to be 'a night owl', to 'make someone's day', and more. Native speakers use these phrases every day; you will too after watching this lesson on common idioms related to day and night! Take the quiz, then call it a day: http://www.engvid.com/day-night-idioms-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you'll have a chance to learn 10 idioms that have to do with day and night. Okay? So let's get started. Number one: "He's getting stronger day by day." Okay? So you see the idiom is written in red, so the idiom is "day by day". So, what does that mean: "He's getting stronger day by day"? It means as each day passes, he is getting stronger. So, "day by day" means as each day passes. All right. Number two: "Thanks! You really made my day." So the idiom there is "made my day". Okay? So, what does it mean when you say to somebody: "Hey, you really made my day"? This is a very positive thing to say to somebody. It means you really made me very happy today, because you did something for me. Okay? So you can see the person is saying: "Thanks!" Thanks for calling, or thanks for your present, or thanks for that very kind thing you did for me, and as a result: "You really made my day." You made me very happy. Okay. Number three: "Okay, let's call it a day." All right? "Okay", or: "Okay, guys, let's call it a day." Now, this is often used at work. Okay? So when you say: "Let's call it a day", it means let's stop working for the day. Let's finish working for the day, or let's finish our work day. All right? "Let's call it a day" means let's not do any more work today. All right? Sometimes a slight variation on that is: "Let's call it a night." That also means let's not do anything more tonight. Okay? But if you finish... If you want to say to stop working and it's still daytime, then you will probably say: "Let's call it a day." Okay? Number four: "One of these days, I'll be rich!" Okay? Probably all of us say that. So, "one of these days", it means sometime in the future, someday, one day-I hope-I'll be rich. Okay? All right. Number five: "John's a night owl." Okay? So, what does that mean? How can John be an owl? Okay? What's a night owl? So, a night owl... Sometimes instead of "night owl", they also say "night person". Okay, so basically, in life we have day people and night people. And the day people like to get up early, and they like to do things in the day and they're very efficient in the day; and the night people really love the night, and they function better at night, and they enjoy the night, and they prefer the night. And that's what a night person is, and that's what a night owl is. A person like that who prefers the night is called a night owl. Okay? So, are you a day person or a night person? Are you a night owl? Okay. Number six: "The baby was crying all night long." So, if you've had a baby or you know any babies, you probably understand this anyway, and it means that the baby was crying the whole night; the entire night; all night long. It means through the whole night. Okay? Of course it's a bit of an exaggeration, but you know, probably those parents were very tired when they said that. Okay. Number seven: "They're a fly by night operation." Okay? So now here, when they're talking about "they", they're probably referring to a company. All right? And when you say they're a fly by night operation, it is not a compliment; it is not something good. It is, in fact, something very negative. It means that that company is a dishonest company, they are not trustworthy. Okay? You can't trust them. Don't do business with them. They're here today, they've gone tomorrow. Don't give them your money. Don't trust them. It's a fly by night operation. Okay? That's what it means. Okay. Number eight: "We enjoyed a night on the town." This is something positive. "A night on the town" is when people go out to celebrate something, they go out eating and drinking, and dancing maybe, listening to music. Having a lot of fun, going out at night. Okay? Have you had a night on the town lately? Okay. Number nine... Now we have expressions which have the words "day" and "night". The first four, in case you noticed, the first four idioms had the word "day", the next four idioms had the word "night", and the last two have both "day" and "night". Let's read them. Number nine: "She looks after her mother day and night.", "She looks after her mother day and night." It means around the clock; all the time. Okay? In the day, and also in the night. Day and night. It means around the clock. Okay?
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