Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]
Do you want to improve your English? Do you want to feel more confident? Do you want these results as fast as possible? My English lessons, shortcuts, and tips can help you achieve your goals. You can upgrade your speaking, writing, listening, grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, business English, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. From 30+ years of experience, I choose the topics that English learners need to make the greatest improvement in the shortest time. You can save time, money, and effort by watching these free lessons. Click the SUBSCRIBE button now for improved English and greater success in your personal, academic, and professional life. If you want a fast, easy system to improve your English every day, get my online English course: https://10.bexenglish.com/courses/Correct-Your-English-Errors All the best!

134 videos
DURING or WHILE? DURING or WHILE?
1 week ago En
Did something happen “while our vacation” or “during our vacation”? Both “during” and “while” have similar meanings, but are used differently in English. Watch this English grammar lesson and learn an easy way to know which word to use and how to use it. Never confuse these two words again, and improve your spoken and written English. Once you've watched the video, take the quiz on this lesson here: https://www.engvid.com/during-or-while/ ‎
English Pronunciation: 1 Small Change, 100s of Corrections! English Pronunciation: 1 Small Change, 100s of Corrections!
2 weeks ago En
Did you know “on” is pronounced in three different ways? How do you pronounce London and Washington, online and onstage, son and onion? After watching this English pronunciation lesson, you’ll have the key to correctly saying hundreds of famous names, places, companies, and regular nouns – so that people understand you the first time. Then, master this pronunciation tip forever through lots of practice by downloading my free resource page with hundreds of examples: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/how-to-pronounce-the-on-sound-in-english/ This one small change will produce big results in your English fluency in social, academic, and business situations. A must for all English learners! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this pronunciation lesson, you're going to learn the many different ways in which we pronounce the letters "on" when they appear in words. Okay? The letters "on" appear at the beginning of words, sometimes in the middle, and very often at the end. And we're going to focus on how we pronounce those letters when they appear in these different positions. Okay? But first I want you to do a little pre-test to see how you're pronouncing them right now. Okay? And I am so excited about this lesson because I know that lots of people make some mistakes here, but maybe not you, so let's check. Okay? The first word I want you to say out loud, wherever you are, is this one. Okay? Next, say this word. Good. The third word. And the last word. Okay? All right. So, let's go back. Say the first word again. Okay? Now I'm going to say it. The word is "online". So, here, the letters "on" appeared at the beginning, and we pronounced it like the word itself: "on". Okay? So, we pronounced it here as "on". Okay? Probably you got that right. Most people do, because if you can pronounce the word "on", when "on" appears at the beginning, you're usually pronouncing it properly. All right. How did you pronounce this one? Say it again. Okay. Now I'll say it: "Amazon". So, what happened here? "Online", "Amazon". We're also pronouncing it pretty much like this. All right? So you probably got this right, and you probably got this right. "Amazon". Okay? But now say this one. Okay. So, what happened here to the letters "on"? This word is pronounced "son", like a son and daughter. Right? We write "on", but we don't say "on"; we say it like: "sun". Right? So, sometimes when "on" appears at the end of a word, it's pronounced "un", so many people get that wrong sometimes, but sometimes not. What about this one? "Washington". Okay? That's what you should say. You should say: "Washington". Listen again: "Washington", "tin". Am I saying "ton"? No. Am I saying: "tun"? No. Am I saying: "tin"? Yes. So, what's happening - that "on" gets connected here to the "t"-right?-and becomes shortened or reduced, and it sounds like this. Now, you're wondering: What is this? This letter in the International Phonetic Alphabet is called a schwa. And what a schwa is, it's a very quick, short sound; it's a reduced sound, and it sounds a little bit like: "uh", "uh". So, here, it becomes "un", "un"; not "ton", but "tin": "Washingtin". That's what you should be saying when you say the name of this place. Okay? And that is definitely an area where many students - maybe not you - many students make mistakes. And that's the main area of our focus in this lesson. We will be reviewing all of them, but especially this. Why? Because look at the many different situations in which we have "on" at the end of words; we have it in the names of people, like "Bill", what is it? "Clinton". Right. "George Harrison". Not: "Harrison"; "Harrisin". "Clin"... Not: "Clinton"; "Clintin". Okay? Good. Places: "Boston". Repeat after me: "Lisbon". Good. And many other words-okay?-that happen to end in "on", like: "reason"; not "reason" - "reasin". "Million". Now, here's a word that lots of people actually mispronounce. They tend to say: "million", because they're thinking of "on". It's not your fault, okay? You see "on", and so you think you should be pronouncing it like "on", but unfortunately at the end of words, it changes. That's why I'm here. Okay? To help you out. All right. We also have words that end in "on", but have "tion" endings or "sion" endings. Repeat after me: "action", "vision". Okay? All right. So, in the next few minutes you are going to master this. And if you make mistakes, you will not make a mistake again; and as a result, you will correct hundreds of words that actually fall into this category. Okay? And, in fact, afterwards I'm going to give you a resource which you can read and practice to really master this with lots and lots of words which follow these patterns. But first let's warm up a little bit by reviewing this part, and then we'll get to the last part. Okay? See you in a minute. Okay. So, now let's start with when the letters "on" are actually pronounced like "on". […]
How to say your email correctly in English + more How to say your email correctly in English + more
1 month ago En
Find out how to give, ask for, and talk about email and email addresses. It is because this topic seems so simple, that many people don’t bother to learn specifically how to talk about email in English. As a result, millions of people worldwide are making mistakes when giving this key information. How do you say @ in English? Speak like a global professional by learning the vocabulary and symbols of email, so clients, colleagues, and friends understand you easily – the first time. I’ll also show you how to spell your name and address using the NATO Phonetic Alphabet. This lesson is a must for greater international success in personal, cultural, academic, and professional situations. Make sure you understood everything by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/how-to-say-your-email-correctly/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will find out if you are giving your email address properly in English, because in English we have certain terminology that we use when we describe an email address. All right? So, in this lesson you'll find out if you're doing that properly. Now, unfortunately, lots and lots of people around the world are not doing this properly because they're following the conventions in their country. Okay? And sometimes they're borrowing words from other languages, and so on, to give that. So, after this lesson, you will know exactly how to give your email address, how to ask somebody for their email address, and also some of the terminology that we use when we're talking about email. All right? So, let's get started. So, first of all, this word "email" is a new word. Right? So there's still a bit of disagreement around the world, even in the English-speaking world, about exactly how to use some of the detailed aspects of it. For example: Do we write "email" just like that? "Email" or do we write "e-mail"? Okay? There are all kinds of little arguments about how to do that, but let me tell you in general some of the things that most people are following so you will always be correct. So, first of all, email is used... The word "email" is used as a noun, a verb, and an adjective in English, generally speaking. Okay? Maybe some companies have a different policy, but I'm going to tell you generally what most people are doing today and how it's being used. So, for example, as a noun, we could say: "I sent you an email." All right? That's a noun. Or as a verb: "I'll email you." Now, some more formal companies frown upon that; they don't like using "email" as a verb. But again, most people when they're just speaking are using it that way. Next, as an adjective: "He has two email addresses." All right? So, here, "email" is being used as an adjective, so it can be used all three ways. All right? Next, we can use... Another controversial subject. We can use "email" in a singular format or plural. All right? And there are a lot of arguments about how exactly we can do that; but again, I'm going to tell you what most people are doing today. "This email is from Fred." Okay? One email. Now, some people say that we shouldn't say that and you should say: "This email message is from Fred." So, again, check if your company has any special rules regarding email communication and email terminology. Okay? They might, and in that case, of course, follow that so that you keep your job. All right? But otherwise, in general, follow what I am telling you and you will be fine. Next, plural: "These emails just arrived." Okay? So, again, this idea of putting the "s" is also something that people are arguing about, but most of the time people are saying "emails" when they're talking about more than one email message. Okay? All right. Now, something else that you need to be able to do... excuse me one second. All right. Is when you give your email address to someone, you need to be able to know how to spell your name and your email address, especially if you have an unusual name to someone who is a native-English speaker. All right? So, you have to be able to spell it in a very clear way. Let's suppose you're on a phone line and the phone line is really bad; people can't hear you very well. And even if they can hear you, they just don't recognize that name-okay?-or that word that you're saying, so you need to reference it in some way so that people don't make mistakes. Now, there is one way that you can use and you can learn, if you wish, it's called the NATO Phonetic Alphabet. Okay? That is a system that is in place-it's used all over the world by many organizations-and it's a system that gives a code. All right? So, for example: A is Alpha, B - Bravo, C - Charlie, D - Delta. Okay? So, sometimes... Also airlines use this and so on, armies use this, aviation... In the aviation world they use this system so that way... They have to be very precise, right? So they can be very sure that they're not just saying "B" because maybe when you said "B", I heard "P". […]
How to use the modal SHOULD in English How to use the modal SHOULD in English
2 months ago En
The modal verb “should” is used every day in English. We use it to refer to the present, past, and future. In this lesson, I focus on how “should” is used most often, to talk about actions in the past that didn’t happen. I show you how to use expressions like “I should have called” or “I should have gone” easily and confidently. You will learn how to combine “should” with the present perfect tense and regular or irregular verbs, to upgrade your English right away. Test your understanding with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/modal-should-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'll show you how to use the word "should" correctly and easily in English. Now, native speakers use the word "should" all the time; we use it to talk about the present, the past, and the future. And by the end of this lesson, you should be able to use it just as easily. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first of all, "should" is what's called a modal verb. What does that mean? It's called a helping verb. Okay? "Modal verb" just means a helping verb, and that means we cannot use the word "should" by itself; we have to use it as a helper with another verb. For example, we cannot say: "I should today". I should what today? So, we could say: "I should study today.", "I should work today.", "I should sleep today." So, you have to say: "I should" something with another... With a verb. Okay? You cannot use it by itself, and that's why it's called a modal verb or a helping verb; you use it with something else. But besides that, it's actually very easy because it doesn't change in the way that regular verbs change. Okay? And that's what I'll show you now. So, let's look at some examples of how we use the word "should". In the present tense, we could say: "I should study today." In the future tense, look, we say: "I should study tomorrow." There's hardly any difference. The difference was here, right? So this part is really easy. What's a little bit different is when we want to talk about the past. Then we say: "I should have studied yesterday." Okay? So we'll be focusing on this one more; because as you can see, the present and the future are really easy for you to construct because you're just saying "should" with the verb. All right? Now, what does it mean when we use "should"? What does it actually mean? Well, we can use it for different reasons; we can use it to give advice. For example: "You should stop smoking." Okay? Or we can use it to express an obligation or something that somebody needs to do. For example: "You should do your taxes." Or we can also use "should" to express an expectation; something that we think will happen. For example: "Okay, you're leaving now. You should arrive there in about half an hour." Okay? So we can use "should" in these different ways. Very often it's used in the first way to give advice. And when we say it, all of these things, when we use "should" for all of these reasons, we can use it to give advice to ourselves. For example: "I should exercise more." We can use it to give advice to others. For example: "They should invite her to the party." Or we can also use it to refer to things. "Oh, I fixed your computer; it should work well now." Okay? So we can use it in all of these different ways. So now let's go to this one, which was how to use "should" to talk about things in the past. Why would you use "should" to talk about something in the past? Because you want to say that you wish that you had done something. And as we all know, we're always in this kind of situation where we have plans and then something didn't happen, and we wish that we had done something. Okay? So, then we use this form: "I should have" plus the verb. And the verb here is the past participle. Okay? So, we say: "I should have" plus the past participle of a regular verb or often irregular verb. All right? I'm going to show you some examples so you understand exactly how to do that. Now, this is actually very, very useful because we don't just say things, like: "I should have studied yesterday." In real life, we use this form to say these kind of really important sentences. For example: "I should have called you on time. I'm sorry you got worried.", "I should have thanked you.", "I should have apologized. I'm sorry." Or: "I should have helped you." Okay? Can you see how useful this word "should" is-okay?-in real life? Or, even if we use the negative form of "should", which is "shouldn't", we could say: "I shouldn't have forgotten your birthday. I'm sorry. Did you have a good time?" Or: "I shouldn't have shouted at you. I'm sorry." Or: "I shouldn't have hurt you. Sorry I hurt your feelings." Okay? So, you can say that, this form of using "should" in the past is actually very, very useful. All right? Now, let's look at this chart so you understand exactly what's going on. So, let's take the subject first: "I", "You", "We", "They", "He", "She", okay? […]
Vocabulary Hack: How 5 words become 30! Vocabulary Hack: How 5 words become 30!
2 months ago En
Multiply your vocabulary with this amazing lesson! Watch how four easy suffixes can form HUNDREDS of words! Improve your academic and professional vocabulary quickly and easily. A great lesson for TOEFL and IELTS success. Download the free resource page with hundreds of examples here: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/vocabulary-suffixes-ful-fully-fulness-less-lessly-lessness/ All my Vocabulary Hack lessons teach you shortcuts to upgrade your English in smart ways. Watch more of Rebecca's famous VOCABULARY HACK lessons here: 1. Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=28 2. Vocabulary Hack: Learn 30+ Verbs in 10 minutes! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyF8qR-1JXA&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=62 3. Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4vJn7hdlI0&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=19 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, back with another vocabulary hack lesson. Now, what is a "hack"? A "hack" is a shortcut; a way for someone to learn to do something faster and more effectively. Okay? And that's what you're going to do here - you're going to take actually a system to expand your vocabulary, to multiply your vocabulary very easily and quickly. The way we're going to do it today is by adding suffixes to nouns. Now, what does all that mean? Okay, so we're going to take a word. Our sample word here is "power". Now, "power" is a noun. To that, we're going to add a suffix. What's a "suffix"? A "suffix" is just a group of letters that you add to the end of a word to change the meaning. So, we have two suffixes, here: "ful" and "less". When we add "ful" to the end of the word "power", we get the new word: "powerful". And the suffix "f-u-l"-with only one "l", okay? Don't get fooled-it means "full of" whatever; in this case, full of power, but when we spell it, we add only one "l". Okay? So it becomes one word: "powerful". For example: "A powerful leader". Okay? Or here's another suffix: "less". When this word is added... This suffix is added to the end of a word, it means without something. So, when we add it to "power", we get: "powerless", which means without power. This meant full of power; that means without power. Okay? Got it? So, we could have "a powerful leader" or "a powerless leader". Okay? We could be in "a powerful position" or "a powerless position". All right? Here we do write two "s'", but here remember only one "l". Now, you can use these same suffixes to create hundreds of words. Okay? And that's what I'm going to show you here. Let's just look at some examples first. You could say, for example... Suppose we're talking about a message. It could be "a thoughtful message" or "a thoughtless message"; "a useful idea" or "a useless idea". Right? A mean-... We could say: "meaningful words" or "meaningless words". We could say: "These are harmful products" or "harmless products". "Harmful" - they cause harm, they do damage, they hurt you. Or "harmless" - they don't hurt you. Okay? So, you see the same pattern is being applied; the same rule - we're just adding "ful" or "less" to the end of a noun. All right? Let's look at many more words now. All right? And let's go from here. So, for example, we could talk... We start with the nouns. Okay? We have five nouns. We're going to turn them into ten words. All right? So you're already multiplying your vocabulary. "A careful driver" or "a careless driver". "A powerful leader", as we said, or "a powerless leader". "A fearful person" or "a fearless person". In this case, without... It's good to be fearless; "without fear" means that you are not afraid. And "to be fearful" means you are afraid. Okay? So, it doesn't mean that the word with "ful" is always the more positive or stronger word. Okay? You have to look at: What's the noun? If the noun is something positive, then when you're full of something positive, you're going to be stronger. But if the noun suggests a weakness, then when you're full of something you're going to be less strong. Okay? Let's continue. Let's say you're talking about an operation: "A painful operation" or "a painless operation". "A helpful person" or "a helpless person". Okay? Did you get that? Did you see that just by taking some nouns and adding "ful" or "less", we've come up with adjectives now, and we've come up with not only one adjective per word, but two? So we've already multiplied our words from five to 10. Now let's see what happens next. All right. Ready for some more magic? Here we go. So, we started with five words, five nouns, then we turned them into ten with the adjectives, now we're going to create adverbs from the same basic word. How do we create an adverb? Usually by adding "ly". Okay? So, we could say, for example: "He drove carefully." Right? Or: "He drove carelessly". […]
Tricky Pronouns: ‘I’ or ‘ME’? Tricky Pronouns: ‘I’ or ‘ME’?
3 months ago En
Are you 100% certain when to use “I” and when to use “me” in English? Which one is a subject pronoun and which one is an object pronoun? Watch this important lesson to learn the difference between these two commonly confused pronouns. This basic, serious mistake could cost you grades, jobs, and promotions. Make sure you know what’s correct every single time, to optimize your English communication. Next, take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/tricky-pronouns-i-or-me/, then watch the other lesson of mine that I mention in this lesson: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHCUX5P0ow&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=196 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn the difference between two confusing pronouns, and they are: "I" and "me". Okay? Now, unfortunately, mistakes are being made everywhere with these two simple pronouns Okay? Whether you're reading on the internet, or whether you're watching a show, or anything else, you'll see people making lots of mistakes here, so it's very important that you watch this lesson so that you know what's right and you do you what's right, especially if you're taking an exam, like the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or anything else; or if you're applying for a job, because this kind of mistake is a very basic mistake, and you don't want to make it ever. Okay. So, I'm going to show you exactly how to know when to use "I" and when to use "me". All right? So, let's have a look. Now, as I said, we are focusing on "I" and "me" here; we... I do have another lesson in which I talk about all of the pronouns because sometimes all of them are mixed up, and I'll give you a link to that in the lesson description so you can watch that later if you want to get an overview of all of the pronouns, but let's start with this important one because very often we are talking about ourselves, and for that we need to say: "I" or "me". All right? Here we go. So, first of all, both "I" and "me" are pronouns. Okay? Now, the pronoun basically takes the place of a noun. All right? That's a grammatical explanation; don't worry about it too much. The most important thing that you have to remember here is that "I" is used as the subject of a sentence, and it does the action in a sentence. All right? And "me" is an object; it receives the action of the sentence. All right? To understand exactly how that works, let's look at some examples. So, here we said: "I called Steve." And "I" is the subject. Right? "I called", so I am doing the action. Whereas here: "Steve called me." Now Steve is doing the action, so "Steve" is the subject, and "me", here, is the object. Right? Yes, I heard you say that. Yes. It's correct. Okay? Steve called me, so I received the action, I received the call. Okay? Here I made the call, so I did the action; there I received it. Got it? It's always like that. Okay? "I" is always going to be the one that does the action; "me" is the one that receives the action. All right, let's look at some more examples. "I talked to Mary." Okay? Again, "I" is the subject, and so we used it here. And here: "Mary talked to me." All right? So, here, we have "me", again, as the object which received the action. Who is the subject here? "Mary". All right? "Mary" was the subject here; "Steve" was the subject here, but here we're focusing on: What's the object? "me". Now, another clue to know that you need to use "me" and not "I" is because we see here a preposition, right? "to". So, whenever you see a preposition, after that what needs to follow is a object pronoun; not the subject pronoun. So: "to me", "for me", "before me", "after me", "with me", okay? All that kind of thing. Or even here: "Steve called me.", "Steve texted me.", "Steve asked me.", "Steve answered me." Okay? But, again: "me", "me", "me". All right? When it's... And you'll see that it's usually at the end of the sentence, whereas the subject is at the beginning of the sentence. Okay. So, that's the basic stuff. This is when we have one subject or one object, so that's the basics. Now, where do people make most of the mistakes? When... Somehow when we have multiple subjects or multiple objects. So even though they know this rule, most of the time most people, somehow when there are multiple subjects or objects, for some reason people get a little bit confused. So, that's okay. Let's clarify all your confusion right now. So, let's look at this example: "Sarah and I are friends." Okay? So, here we had more than one subject; we had a compound subject. But we still have to say: "I" because it's a subject. Okay? "Sarah and I". All right? Not: "Sarah and me"; "Sarah and I". Because... And also, another way you can tell: Take out "Sarah", and then you say: "I am friends". Right? We don't say: "me am friends" or something like that. So, you have to use "I" here, but let's look at the other side of the equation. "The gift is from Sarah and me." […]
Quick & Easy Writing Tip for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, PTE Quick & Easy Writing Tip for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, PTE
4 months ago En
Get a higher score on your IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, or PTE Writing with one easy trick! Stop using lazy, weak English and start using strong, powerful English. In this lesson, I show you how to avoid sentences starting with “There is/are/was/were/has been/have been” or “It is/was”. Instead, learn to identify and use the real subject and a dynamic verb to communicate more effectively. In just 12 minutes, your English writing will be more advanced, academic, and professional for higher grades and more success! Keep going by watching more of my exam success videos: 1. Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bstz4HeG4YU&index=19&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDaU-hMVZ7p3SiQvnEDI1jpQ 2. IELTS & TOEFL – An easy way to improve your vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZ841VPEhCI&index=2&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDaU-hMVZ7p3SiQvnEDI1jpQ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to share a quick and easy technique that you can follow in order to get higher marks on your TOEFL or your IELTS writing. Okay? And it's one way to make weaker sentences into stronger sentences. So, what does that mean? That means that perhaps the sentences you're writing sometimes are actually correct grammatically, but they're still not very powerful. So, you can get lower marks sometimes because you make a mistake, but sometimes you can also get lower marks if you write sentences that are not very strong, because of vocabulary or because of sentence structure. So I'm going to show you a quick and easy change that you can make so that your sentences and your essay can get higher marks and be more impactful. Okay? So, here we go. So, what we're going to do is to avoid using structures that start with: "There is", "There are", "There was", "There were", or: "It is" and "It was". Okay? This is what we want to avoid; not because it's wrong, but because it's just not very strong. It's not powerful. And what happens when you use this is that you end up using a verb which is actually very weak, instead of looking for a good, strong verb. Okay? So let's look at how we can transform these sentences, and you'll see for yourself that the second sentence in each case is actually much more powerful. Okay? Let's look. Number one: "There is a lot of useful information in that book." Okay. There's nothing wrong with that sentence; it's just not very powerful. So, how can we make it stronger? We could say: "That book contains a lot of useful information." Now what happened, instead of just using this structure with "is", we're using "contains". Right? "contains" is a strong verb. All right? So, even when we're talking about things in general... First I'm going to give you some general examples just so that you get the idea, and then I'll give you some more examples which are specifically from some TOEFL or IELTS essay topics. Okay? So, here you see that just changing that structure and using and introducing a better verb is giving you a higher score, in effect. Okay. Next: "There are several benefits to online classes." Again, nothing wrong with that, but what can we do? So, look for... Look for the actual subject. Look for the actual subject you want, which is "online classes", right? So, try and start with that; sometimes that strategy works. So, here, we said: "Online classes offer several benefits." Okay? So, now we're starting with the subject, which is strong, we're using a verb which is a good verb-all right?-and we adding some other details. All right? Next: "It is the director who makes the final decision." Okay? Because this strategy can be used not only on your IELTS or TOEFL; it can also be used in your general writing, it can be used in your business writing, in your email, and so on. Okay? So it's a good strategy to learn whether you're appearing for an exam or even if you're at work. All right? Or in all your life, as such. So, here, how can we change it? So we're talking about the director, so let's make the director the subject of the sentence. "The director makes", right? "The director makes the final decision." Okay? Did you get it? Good. Let's get another example. "It was low sales that forced them to close." So, what are we talking about here? "Low sales", so let's start with that as the subject. "Low sales forced them to close." Okay? Close the store, close the factory, whatever. Okay? But, again, we're starting off with the thing which is most important, we're adding a verb which is strong, and even though you used the same verb there, it was kind of hidden because it's hidden when we say: "It was", "It is", "There is", "There are", "There was" - then things get hidden, and you want to put them upfront and strong so that your sentences are more powerful. So, let's see how to do that now with some examples which are from TOEFL and IELTS kind of topics. Okay? Let's do that next. […]
Do you make these mistakes in English? Do you make these mistakes in English?
5 months ago En
Want to improve your English easily and quickly? In this video, I explain the most common mistakes made by English learners. Over 150 of these mistakes are included in my new course, "Correct Your English Errors in 10 Minutes a Day": https://10.bexenglish.com . It helps you make small changes to achieve BIG results. Common mistakes include: verb tenses, confused words, subject-verb agreement, adjectives, adverbs, word forms, expressions, and more. The secret is to learn a little each day, and to review often. Whether you join my course or build your own learning program, this video will help you upgrade your English. Interested in my easy, daily program to advance your English? Click here: https://10.bexenglish.com TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In the past 30 years, I've worked with thousands of students from all over the world to help them improve their English communication skills. In the past year, I've been researching the most important errors and the most common errors made by English learners. And what I've done is I've put all of this information together into a course. It's called: "Correct Your English Errors in 10 Minutes a Day". I'm very excited to tell you about this course, because I really think it's an easy, quick, fast way for you to improve your English and take it to a higher level. All right? But first what I want to do is tell you: What are the points you have to keep in mind when you are trying to improve your English? What do you need to know about correcting your errors? So, let me share a little bit of my results from my research so it can help you. Okay? And then we will look at specific types of errors, and do a little quiz to see where you stand. Okay? Let's get started. So, first, when you're correcting your English, really, you can do two things. Right? When you're improving your English, you can do two things; you can learn what's right or correct what's wrong. Now we're talking about this area where we correct what's wrong. So, in order to correct what's wrong, what do you need to do? First, you need to know what's wrong. So, when I get an essay or I get an email to correct, what's the problem? It's not that the person was trying to make mistakes. They weren't trying to make mistakes; they're trying to do their best. Right? That's what you do. Every time you write or every time you speak, but you didn't know that something was wrong. So, first you have to know what's wrong. Then you have to understand why it's wrong. Why is it this word and not that word? Why is it this verb tense and not that verb tense? And so on and so forth. Okay? Then you have to learn how to fix it. Okay? Is it a spelling change? It is a punctuation error? What kind of mistake is it? That's what we're going to be looking at - the types of mistakes. Because once you understand and correct a type of mistake, you will correct lots of mistakes all at once. Okay? And that's what I want you to do; to make quick progress, fast progress. Okay. Then what you need to do, which many students do, is to practice it immediately. So, for example, if I teach you something in this lesson or in any one of my engVid lessons, after you watch it, what you need to do is to practice something with that immediately. That's why we usually have a quiz-right?-so that you can go there right away, do some more practice to put that information really into your head; and not just to put it passively there, but to use it. Right? To use whatever you've learned in a practical way. So, you need to practice it immediately, but sometimes that's where students stop. They practice it right away, and then they don't touch it after that, and they think: "I did it. I know it", but not quite. So, what's also very, very important in terms of our brain, in terms of how we learn, in terms of how we remember is this point, here: That you need to review it frequently. Review anything that you learn often; otherwise, it's not going to stay with you. So, for example, in my course, what we have are we have daily quizzes, we have weekly tests, we have monthly reviews with the same material. Okay? So that after a while, you say: "Of course I know that. I know how... The difference between 'it's' and 'its'. I know the difference between 'affect' and 'effect'. That's not a problem", because you've reviewed it. If you don't review it, then it's going to drop away. Okay? So this is an essential part of brain-based learning, of very smart learning. Not just hard learning, but smart learning. And then you need to know what's important. So, let's say you get back your essay and there are twenty corrections. So, are they all equally important? No. Some are critical. If you make some mistakes, you can get very low marks on your IELTS or TOEFL, you could lose a job possibility… […]
Speak like a Manager: How to leave a voicemail Speak like a Manager: How to leave a voicemail
6 months ago En
Do you feel nervous when leaving a business voicemail? Do you say too much or too little? What should you say and how much should you say? Watch and learn exactly what to do and what NOT to do to leave an effective voicemail. You’ll learn a system you can follow every time, based on the who, when, why, and what of your call. Watch and practice to improve the professional quality of your messages and increase your chances of getting what you want. Take a quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-voicemail/ . Continue improving your professional English with the rest of the Speak like a Manager (SLAM) series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Do you get nervous when leaving a voicemail for someone at work or in a business situation? Do you wonder what to say, how to say it, or how much to say? Well, you're not alone. Most people make one of two mistakes when leaving a voicemail: They either say too much - they go on and on, and they ramble, and there is no end; or they don't say enough and they don't leave enough information. So, in this lesson I'm going to show you exactly what you should say and what you should not say. All right? I'm going to give you some general guidelines, and then I'm going to actually give you three examples at least of full conversations, full... not... sorry. Not conversations, but voicemail messages so that you can follow that pattern, and learn and practice to leave your voicemail. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first of all, these are some of the things you should not do, and on this side are things you should do. So, let's look at these guidelines. Now, this lesson is part of the series of lessons that I have on "Speak Like a Manager", so whether you're a manager today or you aspire to be a manager in a work context, this lesson will help you along with several other lessons of this kind. Okay? Just a point for you. All right. So, these are some mistakes that people make. Sometimes when leaving a voicemail, they leave no name. That doesn't help; no one knows who to call. Or they leave no number, because they think: "Oh, he knows my number", "She knows my number" - no. Don't do that. Make it easy for the other person. Or the message is left, but it's a very vague message. "Hi. This is Rebecca. Call me back." Okay, that doesn't really tell the person very much. Right? What did I want? No. You have to be more specific. Sometimes people call repeatedly; they make repeated calls, many calls, and leave no message. And today that's a really bad idea because people can see the number that called, and if they see that you called, like, five times and you didn't even leave a message, it's very frustrating. Okay? So, don't do that. It's not only frustrating, it's also not professional, so don't do that. Or they have... Sometimes people call again and again, and they leave many messages. So, you can't do that either. You can't leave too many messages for someone; they may be away, they may be at a meeting, they may be at a conference, and you can't fill up their voicemail with just your messages. Okay? All right. Next is sometimes people zoom through their name and number because they know their name and number so well that they say it really fast, but that doesn't help the person who's receiving your call. They need to hear your name and your number. Okay? So, these were some of the bad practices; now let's look at the good practices, the best practices. So, when you're leaving a voicemail, you want to make sure to leave your first, or your first and last name. Now, that depends on whether you know the person, you don't know the person. If you know them, you can just say: "Hi. This is Rebecca.", "Hi. This is Maria.", "Hi. This is John", whatever. Or give your full name: "Hello. This is John Smith." Okay? We're going to run through the exact conversation, so don't worry. First we're just establishing some basic guidelines. So, you want to leave your first, or first and last name. You want to leave your contact information or number. If it's a number, if it's an email - whatever that may be. You want to leave a specific message about why you're calling. Okay? You want to call once and leave a message. All right? Don't keep calling. And maybe if you don't hear back from them-okay?-you could call a second time. All right? It depends on the situation. Of course, if something is urgent, then that's a different context, but I'm speaking generally. So, you could try a little later in the day or after a few hours. Again, leave a second message possibly, but usually not more than that. And if that... If you don't get a reply or a response from that, then you could call once and try another method, you could send an email, you could send... Message them. Right? Text them-right?-on your phone. So that's another way. […]
Can I? Could I? May I? Can I? Could I? May I?
6 months ago En
Should you say “Can I”, “Could I”, or “May I”? Learn exactly when to use each expression to ask questions politely in English. Be confident and correct when you ask permission or make a request in different situations: informal, semi-formal, or formal. Find out how to match your question and answer with the context. These modal questions are extremely common in English, which is why this is such an important lesson. Don’t miss it! Take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/can-i-could-i-may-i/ Next, watch this lesson about when to use "WHAT" and when to use "WHICH": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAKnC2kr1_I&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=22 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you three simple ways that you can ask a polite question in English. Okay? Now, usually when we're asking a question, it's we're asking if we can do something or we're asking permission, or we're asking someone else to do something for us, in which case we are requesting that they do something. All right? And there are three key words that you can use for this purpose, but in different ways. So, let's look at what they are. All right. So, those three words are: "can", "could", and "may". Now, of course, you've heard those words before and I'm sure you use them as well, but let's be really sure when to use which one. So, it's very easy. We use "can" in more informal situations. All right? What do I mean by "informal"? For example, with your family or friends. All right? We use "could" in more semi-formal situations. "Semi-formal" means a little bit formal. For example, with your colleagues, people you work with. Right? With your hairdresser perhaps, with a salesperson in a store. All right? There we could use "could" so we kind of know that person or we don't know that person too well, but it's not a very formal situation. And the last is in formal situations when we use "may". So, what's a "formal situation"? Well, for example, if you're talking to a client, or a customer, or you're at an interview, then you want to be on your best behaviour, use your best manners, be very polite, be very formal and proper, and that's when we use "may". Now, there is a little difference in terms of the grammar of how we use these three words. So, with "can" and "could", we can use those two with all of the pronouns. So, we can say: "can I", "can you", "can we", "could they", "could he", "could she", "could it". All right? Can use those with all of the pronouns. But when we come to "may", we can only use it with "I" or "we". All right? "May I do this?" or "May we" - you can't really ask permission for somebody else so much, so this is... These are the two ways we use "May". All right? Sometimes you might hear it with one or two other pronouns, but really, these are the most common. All right? So that's what you want to be able to use so you can always be 100% right. Now, let's look at the same question and how it's different with the three words. All right? So, let's say I'm at home and I ask someone from my family: "Can I have some orange juice?" All right? So, there I'm using "can" because it's really informal. Now let's say I'm at the mall, I'm at the food court and I'm ordering some juice, so I say: "Could I have some orange juice?" All right? Slightly more formal. And now let's pretend that we're in a fancy restaurant and I'm ordering orange juice, so then I say: "May I have some orange juice?" Okay? Now, you could add the word "please" also, but with some of these it's already very polite, so you don't have to go overboard, you don't have to do too much, you don't have to always say "please", especially when you're asking for yourself. Okay? If you're requesting something that someone else do, then often we do add the "please" as well. Okay? Now, what are some of the responses? We're not really focusing on the responses in this lesson, but let me just tell you what would be the appropriate responses-positive responses and negative responses-to these questions. So, if someone said: "Can I have some orange juice?"-informal-the answer might be: "Sure, here you go." Or: -"Could I have some orange juice?" -"Yes, of course." -"May I have some orange juice?" -"Certainly." Okay? So you see that the formality of the question matches the formality of the answer. If it was negative: -"Can I...?" -"Sorry, we're all out." -"Could I...?" -"I'm sorry, we're all out." -"May I...?" -"I'm afraid we're all out." Okay? Same basic information, but represented quite differently. So now let's look at some more examples. All right. So, informally, we could say: "Can I help you wash the dishes?" That would be a really nice thing to say to someone. Okay. All right. Or: "Can you clear the table, please?" Now, you see here because I'm requesting something of someone else, it's perfectly nice and fine to say "please" at the end. Okay? "Can you clear the table, please?" What does that mean: "Clear the table"? […]
AT, ON, or IN? The Triangle Method for Prepositions of Place AT, ON, or IN? The Triangle Method for Prepositions of Place
7 months ago En
No more mistakes! Learn this simple trick to use “at”, “on”, and “in” correctly in English. Master common prepositions of place with the Triangle Method, to speak and write more fluently at work, in school, on exams, or in daily life. Then, move on to master prepositions of time with my other video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G01SFcou6P4&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=16 Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method-prepositions-place TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this important lesson I'm going to show you how to use three very common prepositions correctly in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in". Now, you might have seen an earlier lesson of mine where I talked about "at", "on", and "in" when it had to do with time, and we used something called "the triangle method". But here, also, we're going to use this triangle method to learn "at", "on", and "in", but we're going to refer to places. Okay? To place; not time, but place. So, let's see how it works. So, here we have the triangle, and you can see "at" at the top, "on" in the middle, and "in" at the bottom. Okay? So what does that mean? So, here we want to show that "at" is used when we're talking about very specific places. Okay? For example, when we're talking about the name of a restaurant: "at Starbucks", "at McDonald's", and so on. Or when we're giving a specific address: "at 25 Main Street". Okay? So, you have the number; not only the street, not only the city, but the specific number of the building and the street - "at 25 Main Street". Or we say a specific place, like: "at JFK Airport". And even if it's not with a name, it could just say: "at the airport", "at the office". Right? "At the library", "at the supermarket". You see that it's very specific, and that's why we use "at"; in those very specific situations. All right? Got that? Now let's look at the second one. So, the second one is "on". "on" we use for a little bit more than a very specific place; it's a little bit wider. For example, we see here on a street, or a highway, or a floor. Okay? So, we see: "on Main Street", "on Route 66", "on the 6th floor". Okay? So: "Somebody lives on Main Street.", "I drive to work on Route 66.", "I work on the 6th floor." Okay? So we see that it's a little bit wider than that specific place. Little bit wider tends to often be horizontal kind of places. Okay? Next we come to "in". So, this is for everything more. Okay? So, "in" is used for large areas. For example, we say: "in Los Angeles". Well, let's look first at what the categories are. So, large areas, such as a city, a state, a country, a continent, or just a large area. For example, we could say: "He lives in Los Angeles.", "She lives in California.", "They live in the US.", "in North America", "in the world". Okay? So, what do we see here? That "in" is the broadest; it's the widest. Okay? And then "on" is a little bit less, and "at" is very specific. Okay? So, have you got that? Let's find out when we do a little quiz where we're going to practice using these very common prepositions: "at", "on", and "in". Okay? Because we use these all the time; we use them in writing, we use them in speaking - and if you have a mistake in this then you're going to have lots of mistakes. So, let's get it right and let's practice with a little quiz. Okay, so before we get started, let me just tell you that there are two ways that you could do this with me. One is if you'd like a little more time to think about the answer, then just pause the video, and you can see all of the exercises. So, stop it, write down the answers, think about it, and then you can follow me as I go through it. Or if you feel you can do it right away, then join me right now. Okay? Let's get started. So, again, your options are what? "at" for something very specific, "on" for something a little bit wider, and "in" for the largest areas of all. Okay? All right. So, let's begin. Number one: "_____ Tokyo". What do we say there? Okay? Yes. It should be "in Tokyo". Okay? Why? Because Tokyo is a city, and it's a large place, so we said that for large places we use "in". All right? Next: "_____ Hill Road. _____ Hill Road. I live _____ Hill Road." What would you say, there? Which of these? Okay, good: "I live on Hill Road." Okay? So, we said "at" is the specific one; "on" is for things like also the horizontal kind of places like roads, and streets, and rivers. Okay? The places like that; the floor that you live on. Okay? We say "on", "on Hill Road". Number three: "_____ Brazil. She lives _____ Brazil." What would you choose for that one? "She lives"-yes-"in Brazil". Okay? Again, Brazil is very wide. Right? It's a big place, so we want the widest option, which is "in". All right? "in Brazil". "in" for cities, countries-remember?-continents, large areas of land, or also in the world. All right? […]
The New IELTS Computer Test: Everything you need to know The New IELTS Computer Test: Everything you need to know
8 months ago En
What’s the new IELTS? Should you take the new IELTS computer test or the old IELTS paper test? How are they similar? How are they different? Which one is easier? Watch my lesson to learn all about the new IELTS option, its content and structure, and the pros and cons of the computer-based IELTS and the paper-delivered IELTS. I explain the listening, reading, writing, and speaking sections, so you know what to expect. I also share students’ feedback and experiences. There are a lot of little differences that are not obvious. Find out which one section is easier on the IELTS computer test. Watch this lesson to decide which test is best for you and improve your chances of getting a higher IELTS score! Take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this video I'm going to explain to you about the new IELTS test, which is called the IELTS CDT. That stands for "Computer-Delivered Test". Now, there was and there still is another IELTS test also available, at least at the time that we're recording this lesson, which is called the PBT, which stands for "Paper-Based Test". Now, if you're taking the IELTS or if you are re-taking the IELTS, it's really important for you to understand the differences between these two exams, which I'm going to explain to you here. We're going to talk about how they're similar, how they are different, and also which exam you should choose to take based on what those similarities and differences are, based on your personality, your skills, your preferences, and so on. And I'm also going to share with you some of the feedback that I've been receiving from my students who have appeared for both the paper-based test and the computer-delivered test. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first let's look at how these two exams are similar. Okay? So, if you've never done the IELTS, then you need to do some basic homework. Okay? So, the IELTS is an English proficiency exam. All right? And it stands for "International English Language Testing System; the IELTS". Okay? And it has four sections. Like many English proficiency exams, it has reading, writing, listening, and speaking. So, in terms of these two tests-okay?-the paper and the computer one, the content is the same. That means you're not going to be asked harder or easier things if you take the paper one or the computer one. The content is the same. The sections are the same, as in the four sections that I mentioned. Okay? Both tests have four sections. The timing is exactly the same. Okay? So you have 60 minutes for reading, 30 minutes for listening, 60 minutes for writing, and about 15 to 20 minutes for a speaking interview. Okay? So, the overall length of the exam is the same. Okay? It's about two hours and 45 minutes. That part is the same. The scoring is also the same. They are not judging you differently based on which form of the test that you took. Okay? The scoring rubric, the scoring criteria are the same. Next, the speaking part of the test is exactly the same. Why? Because the speaking is not done on paper or on computer. If you've ever appeared for the exam before or if you've read about it, then you will know that the speaking part of the IELTS test is done with you face-to-face with an examiner. Okay? And so, that part is the same. Okay? So we're not going to talk very much about that because that part is exactly the same. That's the speaking. We are going to talk about the other sections and how they are different. Okay? So, let's get to that. Let's talk about that first. So, here, I've talked about the content, the academic part of the test; and, here, I'm going to explain to you about some of the administrative differences-okay?-and how that will affect you or may affect you. So, we said the speaking part of the test is the same; however, reading, listening, and writing, even though the content is the same, the experience is going to be very different for you, whether you're doing the paper-based test or the computer-based test. Why? Because you are different. Okay? Some people are very comfortable using the computer. Okay? And when you do that computer test, you should be someone who is really computer literate; you should be very comfortable navigating around a screen, scrolling, clicking on answers, clearing answers, highlighting text, typing on a keyboard, using the mouse, and so on. Okay? If you are someone like that, if this describes you, then you would probably be quite comfortable doing that computer test. Okay? However, if you're someone who gets confused when you see lots of instructions, and you have to go forward, you have to go back, there are arrows, and you get confused by computer... By working on computers, then first and foremost overall, you might be better off taking the paper-based test-okay?-which basically is just a test on a piece of paper and with a pen and pencil. Okay? So, that's overall. […]
Learn English: How to wish someone in person and on Facebook Learn English: How to wish someone in person and on Facebook
9 months ago En
If you only write “Happy Birthday” to people on Facebook, you need this lesson! I’ll teach you what you can say AFTER that! You’ll learn many useful phrases and sentences to express your wishes genuinely, sincerely, and creatively. I’ll also tell you what to say when someone gets a job, sneezes, is unwell, has a baby, passes an exam, and more! Let’s make the world a kinder, more genuine place by saying what we feel and showing we care about the people we know. NEXT, watch these videos to keep improving your English: 1. Polite English – Show people you care: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtl9vPjsP10 2. 8 ways to be positive & encourage others: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Xz7C7TRRbo You can also take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/wishes-in-person-online/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, and welcome back to engVid. Today we have a really special lesson planned for you. In this lesson, you'll learn how to wish somebody in person, or in an email, or on Facebook during the happy and sad occasions of our lives. Okay? Now, actually, I've learned different languages; and even though sometimes you learn all kinds of complex words and all kinds of difficult things, sometimes it's hardest to say the simplest wishes and greetings in the natural way that they should flow when somebody tells you good news or bad news. Okay? So, this is to review, in case you don't know, and there may be some situations where you're not... Not really sure at all what to say. So, try to do this quickly with me. I'm going to give you a situation, and you tell me quickly: What do you say to a person in that situation? Now, some of them are going to be pretty obvious, and some maybe not. Okay? Are you ready? Let's get started. Okay. What do you to say to someone on their birthday? "Happy birthday." Good. Now, as I ask you, if you want or you need more time, then just pause and say it. Okay? But, really, we're going to do this quite fast. So, on a birthday we say: "Happy birthday." Later I'll tell you what else you can write besides: "Happy birthday." Okay. Your friend has a job interview. Before they go for the job interview, what do you say? There are a number of possibilities, here, but tell me something quickly. You can say: "Good luck." You could say: "All the best." All right? Good. It's your friend's anniversary, what do you say to them? You say: "Happy anniversary." Yes, that works. Okay? You can also say: "Congratulations", but: "Happy anniversary" is fine. It's January 1st and you see a friend, what do you say to him? "Happy New Year." Okay? Good. It's somebody's wedding day, what do you say to them? Usually we just say: "Congratulations." Okay? Again, later I'll tell you what else you can say after that basic word, but you at least want to get the basic words out of your mouth. Right? Good. Now, we don't always do this, but often we do say something before someone's about to eat, like, a nice meal or something like that. And the strange part is we say something in French because we don't actually have something in English to say before you're about to sit down to eat a nice meal. So, have you heard what people say before someone is about to eat a nice, fancy meal? Have you heard? We say: "Bon app�tite", which in French means: "Good appetite." Okay? So, that's something for you to learn. All right? Your friend tells you that she's pregnant, and you say: "Congratulations." Okay? Next, someone is introduced to you. Okay? So, what do you say to them? You put out your hand and you say: "Nice to meet you." By the way, depending on the culture and the situation, you don't always put out your hand for... To shake hands, but what you say is: "Nice to meet you." Okay? Good. If someone has helped you a lot through a difficult situation, or with a project, something at work, something at home, what do you say to someone who has helped you? You say: "Thank you." Okay? This one you may or may not know if you haven't been in this situation. Somebody loses someone that they love-that means someone in their family passes away or dies-what are you supposed to say to them? Well, there are a few possibilities. So, you could say: "My condolences." Okay? The word is: "condolences". Okay? "Please accept my condolences." Or: "I'm very sorry to hear that." If you can't remember the word "condolences" or you feel it's hard to pronounce or something, just say: "I'm very sorry to hear that. I'm very sorry for your loss." Okay? Now, in case you're not catching exactly what I'm saying, what you can do during this lesson is to turn on the captions, which we have, and there you'll see these words that I'm saying written down. And if there's anything you don't know, then you could write them down for yourself, which is also a very good way for you to remember. Okay? So, there, you'll be able to write down, like: "Condolences", "Congratulations", exactly how to spell and write these words. Okay? […]
Speak like a Manager: Verbs 2 – Opposites Speak like a Manager: Verbs 2 – Opposites
10 months ago En
Expand your English vocabulary by learning 20 business verbs that are also opposites. Learning antonyms is a fun, effective way to understand, remember, and increase your business English vocabulary. Learn verb pairs such as deposit & withdraw, expand & contract, save & spend, and more. Press play to watch, and 15 minutes from now, you will be speaking more fluently and communicating more powerfully. Test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-verbs-2-opposites/ . Make sure to subscribe to get all the lessons in my Speak like a Manager series (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf). WATCH NEXT: How to change basic English into business English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZDNgtAsbw&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDb5ilkSD089gY2UwKiP72S7&index=4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, back with another "Speak Like a Manager" lesson. All of these lessons are designed to help you improve your level of business English so that you can sound more professional in the workplace. All right? Now, in this particular lesson, we're going to focus on a very important part of any English sentence, which is the verb. And we're going to look at business verbs that are opposites. All right? So, first I'm going to give you the opposites, and then we'll play a little game to help you make sure that you actually know them when you need them, because in speaking, you can't think too much. Right? You've got to work fast and think on the spot. So, let's get started. All right. So, the first pair of words and verbs is: "increase" and "decrease". All right? Say it after me: "increase", "decrease". So, "to increase" means to go up - prices went up, prices increased; prices decreased. Okay? So, "decreased" means to go down. All right. The next pair: "promote", "demote". Say it after me: "promote", "demote". So, what does that mean? When somebody gets a higher position, he is promoted or she is promoted; when somebody gets a lower position, that means they had a certain position and now they have been sent down. Okay? They lost that higher position and they've been given a lower position, then that person is demoted. Now, that often happens... For example, you might hear about it happening in the army; somebody had a higher-level position and now they have a lower-level position. They were demoted. All right? Doesn't happen all that often, but it does happen, and you want to make sure that you have the vocabulary to express that situation. All right? "Promote", "demote". Next: "hire" and "fire" or "dismiss". So, "hire", you know, is like "recruit"; when someone is given a job. When a company takes a person on and gives him a job or gives her a job, they hire that person. And when that person is told to go away, they no longer have their job, the slang for that is "fire". So, lots of people know the opposite: "hire" and "fire", but "fire" is actually slang. Okay? "Hire" is not slang; "hire" is a proper business word. Another business word, here, is "recruit", but let's stay with "hire". "Fire" is slang, so instead of... Maybe you don't want to use the slang term; you want to use the proper businesslike term, and the proper word for that is to "dismiss". Okay? Somebody was dismissed. That means they were told to go away; their job was not there anymore. Okay? They didn't have their job anymore. They were dismissed. Now, you might hear the word "dismissed" in a slightly different context. Sometimes you might see it in a movie where they're showing somebody in the army, and the General is telling the soldier: "Dismissed. You are dismissed." So that also has the idea of being told to go away, but it doesn't mean that person... That soldier has lost his or her job; it just means they're telling them: "Okay, you have my permission to go away." All right? So there's a slightly different meaning of to dismiss someone. But in the business context, usually to dismiss someone means to no longer... To tell them you no longer have your job. Okay? All right. Let's look at another pair of words: "to deposit money"-okay?-or "deposit a cheque in the bank", and then you "withdraw" or "take out money or cash from the bank". All right? So, "to deposit" means to put into the bank; "to withdraw" means to take out. All right. Good. The next thing also has to do with money, which is you can "save" your money, keep it-all right?-not use it; or you can "spend" your money. All right? You can buy lots of things. When we buy things, we spend money. When we don't buy, we just keep the money, then we save the money. All right? We might save it under our mattress, or usually nowadays we save it in the bank. All right? But to save or spend. Repeat it after me: "save", "spend". Let's repeat some of the other ones: "deposit", "withdraw". Good. "Hire", "fire", or: "hire", "dismiss". Good. And: "promote", "demote". Good. All right. We already said the first one. […]
Speak like a Manager: 8 Easy Workplace Expressions Speak like a Manager: 8 Easy Workplace Expressions
11 months ago En
Ready to sound more professional? What's the difference between "a zero-sum game" and "a win-win situation"? What about "a lucky break" and "a tough break" or "an uphill battle" and "a piece of cake"? Start speaking like a manager by understanding and using these eight English expressions, commonly used in the English workplace and in business communication. NEXT, watch more videos in my SPEAK LIKE A MANAGER series: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUSxq7KoTsM&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf Or for more EngVid Business English videos, go here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDMJVrVY3ME&list=PLs_glF4TIn5a_gCoap4RgS1pzj9DNyGtO TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com, back with another "Speak like a Manager" lesson. Okay? So, in this particular lesson, we're going to focus on eight expressions that are very commonly used in the workplace, in business, and so on. All right? And what's easy about them is that they are grouped... I have grouped them for you in pairs, so that one of them has a particular meaning and the other one kind of has the opposite meaning, and I hope that will make it a little bit easier for you to understand them and also to start using them. All right? So, let's get started. All right. So, here's the first pair: "a tough break" or "a lucky break". All right? So, what do these two expressions mean? So, first of all: "a tough break"... When we say "break", we don't actually mean break. All right? It's like a chance; an opportunity, or a situation. So, when we say: "tough"... "Tough" means difficult. So this means something difficult or something bad that happened; and this, "lucky" means something good that happened. So: "a tough break" is something bad that happened, and "a lucky break" is something good that happened. For example, let's say that someone you know lost their job. Okay? They didn't expect it, and it happened suddenly, and that was a tough break. Okay? That was something bad that happened; it seemed like. But then the person managed to get a better job in the first week, so that was a lucky break; something good that happened. All right? So, you see now that these are quite easy to use, these expressions, and you will hear them very often in the context of employment, in the context of clients, in the context of customers, and so on. Okay? All right. And in the context of life. Right? Okay. So, let's go to the next pair: "a win-win situation"... Say it after me: "a win-win situation" or "a zero-sum game". Say it after me: "a zero-sum game". All right. So, here, also we have two opposite kind of situations. "A win-win situation" is where both sides come out ahead; both sides benefit; both sides can win. All right? Yes, this is possible. All right. And "a zero-sum game" is where only one side can win; and if one side wins, the other side is going to lose. All right? So, for example, let's suppose there is a negotiation going on in a... In a company, in a large corporation between the management and labour. Okay? Labour is the... The people who work; the workforce. Okay? And they're negotiating and they're negotiating; and finally, they come to a compromise, they come to an agreement that both sides are happy. It's not easy; it doesn't happen easily, but it can happen. And if that happens and when that happens, you can describe that situation as a win-win situation, where both sides were happy. All right? In any kind of... Usually we use this when there is some kind of negotiation going on. All right? Next: "a zero-sum game", right? So, here we said only one side can win. So, for example, if three law firms are trying to get the contract to work with a large corporation but only one is going to be awarded the contract or given the contract, then that's a zero-sum game. So, when one wins, the other is going to lose or the others are going to lose. All right. So, that's "a zero-sum game" or "a win-win situation". Let's just practice pronouncing this first pair, repeat it after me: "a tough break". I know it says "t-o-u-g-h", but it's not pronounced like that. English is not always phonetic, all right? It doesn't sound the way it looks, so repeat it after me: "a tough break". It's like: "t-u-f-f". All right? It sounds like that. Or: "a lucky break". Say it after me: "a lucky break". Good. All right. Now let's go to these two: "a long shot" or "a safe bet". So, "a long shot" describes the situation in which there is very little chance of success, and "a safe bet" is a situation in which there is a very high chance of success. This one, low chance of success; and this one, a high chance of success. All right? […]
How to say the time in English How to say the time in English
2 years ago En
What's the time right now? Can you answer this question quickly, without making a mistake? Watch and learn how to talk about time in English. Understand the two ways to express 1:15, 1:30, or 1:45. Make appointments or talk about schedules confidently and clearly. Answer this common question without stress or confusion, starting right now! Test yourself with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-how-to-express-time/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to tell time in English. Okay? So, for example, if someone tells you: "I'll meet you at ten to ten", what does that mean? What is "ten to ten"? We're going to find out. Okay? Let's go. All right, so here's the clock that I've drawn. Excuse my drawing, but what time does it say? Okay. So, let's examine the clock. So, this is called the hour hand - it shows the hour; and this is called the minute hand. Okay? The shorter hand is the hour hand, and the longer hand is the minute hand. All right. And right now the hour hand is pointed to 2, and this is pointed to 12, so that means it is 2 o'clock. All right? So, as we go around, it would be 1 o'clock, 2 o'clock, 3 o'clock, 4 o'clock, 5 o'clock, 6 o'clock, 7 o'clock, 8 o'clock, 9 o'clock, 10 o'clock, 11 o'clock, and 12 o'clock. Now, if you just say: "12 o'clock"... If you don't know what it's like outside - is it dark? Is it 12 o'clock at night? Is it 12 o'clock in the afternoon? So, sometimes when it's 12, we just say: "Twelve noon" or "Midnight". Okay? If it's night, we say: "Midnight". But we'll get to that. Now, there are many things you need to know in order to be able to say the time or express time correctly. All right? So, let's go through what they are. So, as I said, first of all, if it's a complete hour, on the hour, then just say the hour-the number-plus "o'clock". All right? That's the expression. 2 o'clock, 3 o'clock. Right? Now, then let's start going by five-minute intervals around the clock and see what happens. So, here we would say: "Two oh five". Say it after me: "Two oh five". Good. The next one: "Two ten". Okay? That would be here. "Two ten". Then here: "Two fifteen, two twenty, twenty-five, two thirty, two thirty-five, two forty, two forty-five, two fifty, two fifty-five". Okay? So, we're going by five-minute intervals right now. And it could be something in between; it could be "two twelve", or it could be "two twenty-three", but usually people round off to those... These numbers, here. Okay? So, one way that you can tell the time, and I think it's the easiest, as long as you know these basic numbers up to 59, but certainly the numbers by five, is just to say that: -"Two oh five." -"What's the time?" -"It's two fifteen. It's two fifty. It's two forty." Okay? "Two forty-five", and so on. That's the easy way, and you can say that, but you might hear people using another expression or a few other expressions as well, so let me explain those to you. So, as I said, this you can call: "Two fifteen" or: "Quarter past two". So, why are we saying that? Because in this method what we're doing is we're dividing the clock into quarters. Okay? Like this and like this. So, when it's 2:15, it's a quarter past two or a quarter after two - after two o'clock, but we don't have to say: "after two o'clock", we can just say at that point: "It's a quarter past two. It's a quarter after two." Okay? Then, when it comes to 2:30, we could say: "It's two thirty", or we could say: "It's half", right? Half from the 12 to the 6: "It's half past two"; that's how we express that. And at 2:45, we can also say: "It's a quarter to three. Quarter to". Now, anything after the 6... You see this other arrow, here? From here to the 12, we have to say something "to". "Quarter to twelve. Quarter to three." Okay? It would be quarter to three if it was 2:45. All right? Or: "Twenty-five minutes to three". You could say that, but those you'll probably just hear people saying: "Two thirty-five, two forty", and so on. But on these quarter and half, people do use these other expressions. Okay? So, again: "Quarter past two. Half past two. Quarter to three." Okay? Now, remember when I said: "Ten to ten"? So that was 10 minutes to 10... 10 minutes to 10 o'clock. All right? 10 minutes before 10 o'clock. So, when people say: "Ten to ten" - 10 minutes to 10. It's not used very often, but sometimes people just use it in short. Okay? All right. Let's look at a couple of other things you might see when talking about the time. So, when we're going from 12 midnight to about 11:59 in the afternoon, that period of time is referred to as "am - ante meridiem", but don't worry about what it stands for; people just say "am" and "pm". Ante meridiem and post meridiem. Don't worry about those. […]
10 Common English Expressions 10 Common English Expressions
2 years ago En
What does your boss mean when she says "keep me posted"? What does your friend mean when he says "let it go"? Understand and learn to use 10 common English expressions today. They're easy to remember since they each only have three words! Start sounding more like a native speaker with these useful and practical English expressions for everyday life. Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-common-english-expressions/ ! WATCH NEXT: 1. 10 Idioms about people at work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hH4unUcQF3E 2. 8 idioms to learn BY heart: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9wQkKwffiGM&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=11 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you're going to learn 10 lovely English expressions that you might be hearing all around you, every day. These are really common expressions, so I want to make sure that you know them so that you understand what people are saying; and also, once you're really sure of the meaning, you can also start to use them yourself. Okay? Now, the other thing is that they're really short; each of them... The ones I've chosen, here, only have three words, so they're also really short and easy to say. Okay? And there are no complicated, long words to pronounce or anything like that. Okay? So, let's get started. Number one is the expression: "Good for you." So, the way that I said it, what do you think it means? Well, what it means is that somebody gives you some good news, like: "Oh, guess what? Rebecca, I passed my IELTS exam on the first try." So what would I say to that student? "Good for you. Wow, you did it. Amazing." Or someone tells you: "Hey, I got the job. I didn't... I can't believe it." And I was like: "Good for you. You know? You tried, you did it; you succeeded. Good for you." Okay? Really easy to say and very easy to understand, I hope. All right? Next: "Keep me posted." All right, so what does: "Keep me posted" mean? You have the word "post" here, but don't worry about that; it has nothing to do with mailing letters or anything like that. "Keep me posted" means that there's a situation and you want someone to keep... Give you updates; to keep you updated on what the latest news is or what has happened. So, for example, let's suppose that someone is in the hospital and they're... The doctor is giving them news every few hours to tell them what's happening, so you are not there but you want to know. You care and you want to know what's happening, so you tell the person in the hospital: "Keep me posted." That means: "Let me know. Anything new that happens, let me know. Keep me updated." Okay? And you will hear this expression in regular situations, like the one I described, and very often at work. Okay? If there's a particular project going on and your manager wants you to update him or her whenever something important happens, they might say to you: "Keep me posted." Okay? So, that's another one for you. Number three: "Sleep on it." Okay? "Sleep on it? Sleep on what?" Okay. So, what this means is: Don't decide something right away. Okay? Take some time to decide, take some time to maybe sleep at night and think about something quietly, and don't be in a rush to decide anything. Don't be in a rush; don't be in a hurry to make up your mind, or make an important decision or choice. Say: "I don't know. I have this job offer, I have that job offer; I've got to let them know. I don't know what to do." If somebody's in that situation, so you can say to them, what? "Why don't you sleep on it? Okay? I think you'll know better in the morning." Okay? Sometimes people get very anxious, but you can tell them... It's another way of saying: "Take some time to decide. Sleep on it." Okay? So: "Sleep on it" is actually, like, the decision, okay? On the decision. Okay. Next: "Let it go." All right? This is a really nice expression. So let's say somebody's had a bad situation, okay? Something bad happened to them, they... Somebody spoke to them angrily and they're feeling very hurt, or somebody left them. Okay? Or they... They lost their job and the manager, you know, embarrassed them in front of other people and they're feeling really negative and they're feeling bad, so instead of... instead of... and the person is telling you about all these bad things that happened, so you want to tell them: "Why don't you just...? You know what? I understand, but let it go. Forget about it. Move forward." Okay? So you say: "Let it go", means don't keep all that negative feeling inside you. Okay? Or that negative energy inside you. Let it go. All right? Forget about it, move forward, and do something good. Okay? Say it after me: "Let it go." Or: "Sleep on it." Okay? Say it after me: "Keep me posted." And: "Good for you." Okay? Don't forget the... Okay? This is important. I always do that. I always make a fist when I say: "Good for you." Okay? You can do it, if you want to. All right. […]
Fix two BIG errors in English writing! Fix two BIG errors in English writing!
2 years ago En
Stop making the two most common errors in English writing: run-on sentences and comma splices. Write better email at work and score higher on your IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, or PTE. These mistakes occur when two sentences are combined incorrectly into one sentence. I'll show you how to correct these mistakes with a period, a semi-colon, a compound sentence, and a complex sentence! One lesson, so much progress! Test your understanding by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/fix-two-big-errors-in-english-writing/ Next, watch these videos to keep improving: 1. The Secret to Great Writing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8pIidfrSG4&index=2&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7 2. The Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5pDRnCHbZo&index=25&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7 #writing #LearnEnglish #engvid TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'll show you how to avoid the two most common errors made in English writing, and also how to fix them. Okay? So, these two errors are: The run-on sentence and the comma splice. So, what does that mean? Well, what happens in both these cases is that two sentences are incorrectly joined into one sentence. In one case, the run-on sentence, it's incorrectly joined because there's no punctuation; and in the comma splice, it's incorrectly joined with a comma. Okay? Let's have a look at some examples so you understand exactly what I mean. So, the first one: "I like your haircut it looks really good." Now, what happened here? We have a subject and a verb, and a sentence here: "I like your haircut." So this sentence is really a sentence by itself; it should end there in some way. Okay? Later we're going to look at exactly how to fix it; there are a few options. But the writer wrote right after that: "...it looks really good", so that's another sentence with a subject and a verb. Right? We have it here. All right? So, this is incorrect, and this is an example of a run-on sentence, because it's two sentences with no punctuation. Let's take a look at this one: "I like your haircut, it looks really good." Well, it still should be two separate sentences in some way, or correctly joined, but it's not. It was only joined with a comma, which is incorrect. Okay? So this is an example of the comma splice, which is basically these two sentences were combined into one incorrectly with a comma. Let's take a look at another example. "My brother is a doctor he works at a hospital." So, by now you can probably tell me: Here we have... "My brother" is the subject, "is" is the verb; "he" is the subject, "works" is the verb, but these are two sentences. Right? But what happened? The writer wrote them as one long sentence. "My brother is a doctor he works at a hospital." And really, we needed some kind of break here, and the same thing here. So this was... Sorry. An example of a run-on sentence. Right? And this one: "My brother is a doctor, he works at a hospital." But, again, we cannot join this kind of... These two sentences with a comma. So this was a mistake called a comma splice. Now, you're saying to me: "Does a comma really make all that difference?" Yeah, it does, and especially if you're appearing for any kind of exam-okay?-any kind of English exam, like the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or the PTE, or anything else; or if you're submitting an assignment in school, or in college, or in university; or if you're writing an email. An email, you're just going to look quite unprofessional; but in school or in any academic situation, you're going to lose marks for sure in your writing with this mistake. Why? Because it's a very basic mistake. Okay? It's not a sophisticated, advanced mistake; it's a basic mistake that you need to know in English. "What is a complete sentence? And how to create a complex sentence or anything else." Okay? So, next we're going to look at how to fix these mistakes. All right, are you with me? Let's take a look at a new example. "People are buying books online bookstores are closing." All right? So right now, the way it is up here, this is a mistake. This is, which one? Run-on sentence or comma splice? It's a run-on sentence. Okay? If it had had a comma here, then it would be a comma splice. But one way or the other, we have two sentences which are incorrectly joined and made into one sentence. So, how can we fix it? So, here, first I'm going to show you two easier solutions that you can use. So, the first one is to separate the two sentences with a period. For example: "People are buying books online." (Period). And then, of course, because now we have a new sentence, we need to make this a capital: "Bookstores are closing." All right? Got it? Separate them with a period. Separate the two sentences, and start the new sentence with a capital letter. […]
English Grammar: How to use 5 confusing indefinite pronouns English Grammar: How to use 5 confusing indefinite pronouns
2 years ago En
“None of them is” or “none of them are”? What about all, most, any, and some? Are they singular or plural? I’ll show you an easy way to decide when these pronouns are singular and when they are plural. I’ll also review indefinite pronouns such as everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody, each, every, both, several, few, and many. You can get higher scores and better results in speaking, writing, IELTS, and TOEFL by applying these rules. Make sure to download my resource page on Countable and Uncountable Nouns to master this topic: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/countable-and-uncountable-nouns/ And test your understanding of this video with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-5-confusing-indefinite-pronouns/ WATCH NEXT: 1. THE TOP 10 MOST CONFUSING WORDS FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5pDRnCHbZo&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=28 2. VOCABULARY HACK: SOUND SMARTER AND AVOID MISTAKES: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=24 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. One of the most important things when we speak a language and we want to speak it correctly is to make sure that our subject agrees with our verb. So, if we have a singular subject, we want to make sure we have a singular verb; if we have a plural subject, we want to make sure we use a plural verb. And most of the time this is something that you learn and you master. But when it comes to pronouns, it can be a little bit trickier. Now, with the regular pronouns which are definite pronouns, like: "I", "you", "he", "she", "it", and... These are singular; and "we", "they", and "you" sometimes - these are plural. So that's also quite easy and usually you know that. But one area which can cause a lot of confusion to people who are learning English is something called indefinite pronouns, and there are lots of them. Okay? So, what I'm going to focus on in this lesson is five of the most confusing ones because sometimes they are singular, and sometimes they are plural. And I'm going to explain to you so you will know exactly what to do. I'm also going to review some of the others and tell you when they are... Which ones are always singular and which ones are always plural. So, first of all, just before we start, let me just tell you that an indefinite pronoun is what it says; it's not definite, so it doesn't refer to a specific person, or place, or thing. Okay? Let's get started. Okay, so we have, here: "Indefinite Pronouns", right? We have, as I said, three kinds; some that are always singular, some that are always plural, and the five which we're going to focus on in this lesson which could be singular or plural. Okay? All right. So, this is just to review these first. So, which ones are always singular? Things like: "Everybody", "everyone", "everything". So, we say: "Everybody is here.", "Everyone is here.", "Everything is here." Okay? We don't say "are". Same with: "Somebody is", "Someone is", "Something is", "Is anybody here?", "Is anyone here?", "Is anything here?" or... And so on. "Nobody", "no one", "nothing" - also singular. "Each", "every", "much". All of these are always singular. So, you have to learn that. If you're not sure, you need to review that, but these are always singular. Okay? They're always talking about only one, so they are... Even though it seems like there's a lot. Okay? When we say: "Everyone", we're talking about, like, a group of people, so sometimes people think that means it's plural, but it's not; it's actually singular. So, you have to learn that because we're considering one group. Next, we have a second category of indefinite pronouns which are always plural. These kind of make sense, so let's look at them. "Both", obviously we're talking about at least two people-right?-here. So: "Several", which means many - this is plural. "Both of them are", "Several of the customers are", "A few of the customers are here.", "Many of the customers are here.", and "Others are here." Okay? So, these indefinite pronouns are always plural - that's easy, and a little bit easier even than this one. Right? But what happens when we come to these? These five are a little bit more confusing, because sometimes we can say the singular version, which is "is" and sometimes "are", or depending on whatever the verb is. So, what are these indefinite pronouns that could go either way? They are: "Most", "all", "none", "any", and "some". So, now I'm going to explain to you exactly when they become singular and when they are plural. Okay, so the way that you decide with these five indefinite pronouns: "Most", "all", "none", "any", or "some"... The way you decide whether the verb should be singular or plural is based on what follows these terms. Okay? Let me give you an example. First we're going to start with the easy example with countable nouns. So: "Most of the book is interesting." […]
Parallelism: The secret to great writing Parallelism: The secret to great writing
2 years ago En
Parallelism or parallel structure is one of the secrets of great writing. It gives greater balance and power to the way you communicate. It will help you get higher grades, improve your job prospects, and look more professional. In this lesson, I explain all about parallelism -- what it is and how to use it correctly. This easy but important lesson will take your English to a higher level. Follow up by watching my lesson on the Magic of 3 to strengthen your English even more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0FcAub-xqGQ&index=94&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&t=0s Take the quiz on this lesson here: https://www.engvid.com/parallelism-great-writing/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. This lesson is for you if you want to learn how to communicate more powerfully in just a short time. This lesson is about something called: "Parallelism" or "Parallel Structure". Now, in case you've never heard of it, or if you've heard of it but you're not sure what it is, I just want to tell you that it's something really important, especially in academic circles or in the business world. All right? And also socially. So, whether you're speaking, or whether you're writing, this principle of parallelism will help you to communicate more effectively. So, first of all, what is parallelism? So, it's a speaking or writing technique in which you communicate more powerfully by balancing different parts of your sentence, and I'm going to show you lots of examples so you understand exactly. So, when we create a sentence that has parallel structure, it means that when we have a list of items in our sentence, all of the forms of speech should be the same. For example, you have verbs, verbs, verbs; nouns and nouns; adjectives and adjectives; adverbs and adverbs. Now, that seems obvious, but in real life when people speak and write, they don't always do that. So I'm going to show you: "What are the benefits of using parallelism?" and also exactly how to use them in a sentence. So, some of the benefits that you will get when you start creating sentences with parallel structure are that your sentences will have more weight, they'll be more balanced, they'll have more rhythm to them, they'll have more style, more clarity (they'll be more clear), and also you'll be able to emphasize things more. And as a result of all that, your speaking or your writing will be much more dramatic and much more powerful. And you may not realize why, but it's really important that this parallel structure exists. Now, in addition, it's not just something to make it better, it's not just something to improve your communication. In academic circles, if you don't follow these parallel structure rules, it's actually considered a mistake in writing; it's considered very weak writing, bad writing, poor writing, and you will get lower grades as a result of that. Okay? So it's really important, especially if you're in the academic world or writing anything serious or in the business world, to write this way. Let's look at some simple examples first. Okay? So, this sentence, the first one: "Janet sings and dances." So here, what do we see? We see verbs and verbs: "Janet sings and dances." If somebody didn't write this sentence properly, they might write: "Janet sings and is dancing." Now, here it didn't match because this was present simple, so this should be a verb in the present simple; they should both be verbs, they should both be in the same tense, and so on. Okay? Let's look at more examples. "We enjoy reading and cooking." Here we have two gerunds: "reading", "cooking". Next: "I like to watch movies and to travel abroad." Okay? Now, you see how that seems really balanced? Okay? So we have: "to watch movies", so we have an infinitive and a noun, and "to travel abroad". "To travel", infinitive and a... Well, it's not a noun, but it's like a noun, it functions like a noun. Next: "The reasons for my view are political, cultural, and social." So here we have three adjectives. Now, up til now we had two, now we have three. And if you've watched my earlier lesson on: "The Power of Three" or "The Magic of Three", you will know that this is really special. This is like parallelism on steroids. This is like the best kind of writing you can do, and a lot of very famous leaders and writers write this way, using parallelism in threes to make things much more effective. So, if you haven't watched that other lesson, I will tell you where you can get it; it's called: "The Magic of Three" on our website. So: "The reasons for my view are political, cultural, and social." Three adjectives. "The police acted quickly and carefully." Okay? So we have here: "quickly", "carefully", two adverbs. And last: "We enjoy comedies, dramas, and documentaries." So you have here three nouns. Right? So that's what's important: nouns with nouns, adverbs with adverbs, adjectives with adjectives - you get the idea. Okay? Now, if you get the idea, work with me, stay with me. […]
When to use CAPITAL LETTERS in English When to use CAPITAL LETTERS in English
2 years ago En
Do you know when to use capital letters in titles? It seems so confusing. Some letters are capitalized and some are not. In this lesson, I focus on the extra-confusing words -- the ones that are sometimes capitalized and sometimes not! You'll learn the easy capitalization rules for writing about subjects, courses, companies, workplaces, occupations, and job titles. You'll also learn how to capitalize the names of movies, shows, books, songs, reports, articles, and more. You can do this -- watch and learn! Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/capital-letters-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is about confusing capitals. Now, usually when you learn the rules of English capitalization, certain words are always capitalized. Okay? For example, the first word in a sentence, the word "I", the names of people and places, and so on. Okay? Some words are always capitalized, but in this lesson I'm not going to review all of the rules of capitalization, but I am going to show you about when to capitalize certain words and when not to capitalize them, because sometimes the same words are capitalized in one context, but not capitalized in another context. But it's not hard to understand; it's actually very easy. Okay? So I'm going to explain it to you right now. Let's get started. So, the first one is in the area of a subject or a course. For example, if we're talking about a subject that you study, for example, algebra, then you do not capitalize it. For example, if you say: "I'm studying algebra this year." Okay? So you're just talking about the subject, and therefore it's not capitalized. But if you're talking about the subject as a course, as the name of a course, then you do capitalize it. Okay? For example: "This year I'm taking Algebra 101." Okay? That's the name of that course, so you do capitalize it then. Okay? Let's look at another example. "She's studying psychology. This year she's studying... She's taking Psychology 201." Or: "She's enrolled in the Psychology 201 class." Okay? Excuse me. All right. Another example: "I would like to study business in university." Okay? The person is being very general, just talking about the subject. But: "This year I'm taking a course called Global Business." Okay? Now you're giving the name of the course, right? So what's the rule here? If we're just talking about the general subject, no capital; if we're talking about the course, then yes, we do capitalize it. Okay? All right. There is one little exception: When we're talking about languages, and this is always true. So if you're studying French or whether you're taking French 101, you're always going to capitalize the name of a language. Okay? And that's just because in English we always capitalize the name of a language; doesn't matter which one. Okay? That's it. All right. Now, when it comes to places, let's look at how it works. So, for example, if I say: "She works in a bank." Okay? A bank, the bank, it's just the place, the building or whatever. Okay? The business. So then it's not capitalized. But if I say: "She works at the Brookfield Bank", now I gave you the name of the bank, so therefore it is capitalized. Okay? Because, again, the name of something is capitalized; the name of a person, or a place. Right? So then it will be capitalized. Or I say: "I went to the library." Okay? "I often study at the library." Okay? Just a library in general, not capitalized. Or: "I often visit the Toronto Public Library." Now I'm giving you the name of a specific library, right? So, of course, it gets capitalized. Got it? Okay. Or: "He goes to university." Okay? He's in university, just a regular word so we don't capitalize it. But: "He got admission to the University of Oxford." Okay, now we're giving the name of the university, so you do have to capitalize it. Okay? Got it? All right. So I hope that's pretty clear so far. All right? So when we're giving the name of a course or we're giving a name of the particular place, like a bank, a library, university, a school, a business-right?-then you're going to capitalize it; and otherwise, in general, not. Okay. Now let's look when we're talking about professions and titles. So, the rule is like this: If you're just talking about... Let's say: "I went to see the doctor." Okay? Or: "I need to see a doctor." So if before the profession you say the word "a" or "the"-okay?-then you don't capitalize it because you're just talking about a doctor in general; you're not giving the name of the doctor, you're not saying which doctor. So, here we just say: "I need to see a doctor." Or: "I have an appointment with Dr. Patel." Now this is the name of the doctor, right? So then we need to capitalize the "D" for "Doctor" and, of course, his or her name. All right? Next: "I would like to speak to the professor." Okay? "The professor", again, general, so no capital, but here: "You need to make an appointment to see Professor Brown." […]
Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English
2 years ago En
Want to speak more naturally in English? I'll show you what happens when native speakers use "to", "for", and "from" in normal conversation. Listen to how these words are reduced and shortened. Learn how to make these three simple changes in your own speaking style. After this lesson, you will understand native English speakers more easily and they will understand you! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you some simple ways in which you can understand native English speakers when they speak, and some simple changes you might want to make when you speak so that they can understand you more easily. Okay? So let's look at what they are. They will involve these three prepositions, which we use very often. Right? They are: "to", "for", and "from". Now, normally, if we just say this word: "to", "for", or "from", then we would say it like that, but you don't normally just say the word: "to", or "for", or "from"; you usually use it in a sentence. Right? So what happens when a native speaker or you use this word in a sentence? Right now what you're probably doing is actually still saying it like that, as if it was alone, like: "to". But what happens when we use it in a sentence is we don't say: "to". With this one, we say: "t'". We say: "t'", "t'", "t'". So what happened to it? It became shorter, it became reduced, it became a little less stressed. Okay? Now, the word: "for", what do we actually say when we're using it in a sentence? We don't say: "for", we, again, shorten it or reduce it, and we say: "f'r", "f'r", "f'r". Okay? I know it sounds weird when I'm saying it like this, but you'll see how it works when it's in a sentence, and then you will be able to understand what people are saying when they speak at normal speed. All right? The third one: "from" by itself sounds like "from", but when we use it in a sentence we're shortening it and it ends up sounding like this: "fr'm", "fr'm", "fr'm". Okay? Did you hear that? All right. Now, because you are used to saying what you see, what I'd like you to do for this first part just to train your ears right now is close your eyes and just listen to me as I read out some sentences. Okay? Doesn't matter. Just try to hear it. "I love to read.", "He wants to go home.", "She's going to the store." So what do you hear there? You can open your eyes for a second. Even though we had: "I love to read", we didn't say: "I love to read." I said: "I love t' read.", "He wants t' go home.", "She's going t' the store." So: "to" became "t'". Okay? All right. Again, close your eyes for the next three. "I'm waiting for someone.", "Our house is for sale.", "Good for you." Okay? Open your eyes. Again, you had the word "for" there but it went much faster. Now try to match what I'm saying with what you see. "I'm waiting f'r someone.", "Our house is f'r sale.", "Good f'r you." See how the "for" became "f'r", "f'r"? Okay? Close your eyes again. "I'm from Canada.", "It's from your brother.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00." Okay? So: "I'm fr'm Canada", not: "I'm from Canada." Okay? We don't need to say each word separately. "I'm fr'm Canada.", "It's fr'm your brother.", "fr'm", "We work fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00." Okay? There you had two of them: "fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00". Okay? So, sometimes you have to train your ear and sometimes you have to train your eyes to not necessarily say exactly what you see. All right? And that's what we're going to practice next when you actually practice saying them. All right? Here we go. Oh, I forgot something. When the word "for" is used at the end of a sentence or a question, then we do say: "for". Okay? That's a bit of an exception. For example: "What's this used for?" We don't say: "What's this used f'r?" Okay? That's was when it's in the middle somewhere, but when it's at the end then we do pronounce it that way. So: "What's this used for?", "What's this used for?" Okay? So then we are saying "for". Now we can practice. Okay, so now let's see if you can make the small changes that you need to make in these three prepositions in order to sound a little bit more natural. So, what are those changes again? "To" becomes "t'", "for" becomes "f'r'", "from" becomes "fr'm". Okay? So, let's try it. "It's going to rain." You say it. "It's going to rain.", "It's going t' rain." Okay? You can repeat after me or you can try to say it with me, or before me. All right? Number two: "She worked there for a year.", "She worked there f'r a year." Not: "for a year", "f'r a year". Good. "I'm free from Sunday.", "I'm free fr'm Sunday." Good. […]
How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals
2 years ago En
You’re working on your English, but do you have a plan? In this special video, you’ll build your English learning plan by answering six simple questions. Based on your specific goals, I’ll tell you how to achieve them with free and/or paid options. You'll learn what areas of English you can work on by yourself, and when you need the help of an English teacher. I’ll explain when you should take group classes and when private lessons with an English tutor are better. If you’re here, you want to learn English. It may be for academic, professional, or personal reasons, or to pass an English exam, such as TOEFL, or IELTS. These days, there are many options for you to learn English: books, videos, online, English schools, private tutors, Skype, newspapers, movies, music, and so many more! I’ll discuss each of these methods and how they can help you reach your goal quickly, and efficiently, regardless of your budget. I’ve helped thousands of English learners reach their goals, and I know you can do it too! To contact me about private online lessons, go to https://www.RebeccaEzekiel.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this special lesson I'm going to show you how to plan your English learning so that you can get the best results based on your needs. And in order to identify your needs, we're going to go through a series of questions. Okay? Now, these are the same questions that I use with my consulting clients from all over the world to help to find the best path for them to achieve their goals. And I believe, if you follow these steps, you will be able to do the same thing. So what you might want to do is to grab a piece of paper, and as we go through the questions, make some notes for yourself. Okay? And then by the end of the lesson, you may actually have a much clearer idea of what the next step is in order to achieve your English learning goals. Okay? And also, what are the best strategies that you can use to get there. Okay? So, are you ready? Let's get started. Okay, so the first question that you need to ask yourself is: "Why are you learning English?" Now, I know that sounds pretty obvious, like: "Why? Well, okay. I need to... I have to..." These are some of the things that I hear upfront, then when we go a little bit further we start to get more real reasons. And why is that important? Why is the "Why?" of our life important? Because the "Why?" is the motivation, the "Why?" is your fuel to reach... To help you take this journey. Okay? Learning English is a journey, and you need that motivation and you need to know clearly: "Why am I doing all of this?" And so, in order to do that... First somebody might say to me: "Well, I'm learning English for my job." I say: -"Okay. Why are you learning English for your job?" -"To get a better job." -"Why are you trying to get a better job?" -"To earn more money." -"Why are you trying to earn more money?" -"Because I have to provide for my family." -"Why do you have to provide for your family?" -"Because I love them. They're the most important thing in the world with... to me." Okay, now we found the real reason. It wasn't just that you're learning English for your job, you're learning English for your family who you love with all your heart. So, like in everything, there's a rational reason why we do something and there's an emotional reason. If you can find your emotional reason, then along with your rational reason, now you have really strong motivation. So ask yourself these questions, okay? Because nobody has to do anything; we choose to do something. Find your: "Why?" and you will have the strongest motivation to achieve your goals. Okay? So, now, more specifically, let's look at some of the "Whys" that people have usually. So, number one: University. Let's suppose you're trying to get into university. Why is it important to know that? Because the "Why?" is also going to determine the "What?" What you need to study. So what's your "Why?" Is it to get into university? If so, then you need to focus on academic English. All right? And that's actually an entire field of English language learning. It's called English for academic purposes. Then you need to get those kind of books, attend those kind of courses, work with teachers who have experience in those areas. All right? Why? Because your needs are very specific. Right? Your needs are to be able to write papers and assignments at a university level, to understand lectures, to read textbooks with lots of technical vocabulary. Right? So that's why focusing in on your "Why?" to get into university will help you to determine your "What?" All right? There are many more questions. Let's suppose your "Why?" is an exam, you need to pass an exam. Then... Let's suppose it's the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or the PTE, then your study strategy is completely different. Right? From somebody else, because these exams are like a world in themselves. […]
Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1 Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1
2 years ago En
This "Speak like a Manager" lesson teaches you eight English verbs with hundreds of uses. A real vocabulary hack to learn English faster then ever! Learn to use the words identify, resolve, motivate, focus, minimize, maximize, generate, and implement. These verbs are especially useful in business and professional situations. You'll learn powerful collocations or word combinations to use these eight advanced verbs in hundreds of creative ways. Make sure to subscribe to get all the lessons in my Speak like a Manager series (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf). GET THE FREE LIST OF 100+ BUSINESS ENGLISH COLLOCATIONS HERE: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/speak-like-a-manager-100-business-english-collocations/ TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-verbs-1/ WATCH NEXT: How to change basic English into business English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZDNgtAsbw&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDb5ilkSD089gY2UwKiP72S7&index=4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Today I'm especially excited to welcome you to a new series that I've created called: "How to Speak like a Manager". In this series you will learn how to take general English and upgrade it to business English. Okay? And we'll be doing that by looking at different verbs that you can use, adjectives, nouns, and so on. Okay? But today in this lesson we will be focusing on eight verbs. But you might be asking: "Only eight verbs and I can become a manager?" Well, yes. "Why?" Because I'm going to show you how these eight verbs, to start with, can actually be used in hundreds of ways, in different collocations or combinations of words, so therefore you'll be able to use them in all kinds of situations. Definitely in professional situations, but also in social situations or personal situations. Okay? So, let's start right now. Okay. So let's suppose what you want to say in general English or regular English is something like this: "I need to find out what's wrong." Okay? Now, on this side is all the regular English or the general English. Okay? And on this side we're going to express the same idea, but in higher English, in more advanced business English or more professional English. And you're going to help me because I didn't write the word in yet. You're going to help me because perhaps you already know some of these words, but even if you know them you might not realize how many different ways we can actually use those same words, and that's what I want you to be able to do. Okay? So suppose your idea in your mind is that: "I need to find out what's wrong." So how can we say that in more professional English? "I need to", the verb starts with "i": "I need to _______ the problem. I need to identify the problem." Okay? So, our first word today is "identify". Say it after me: "identify the problem". Good. Now, suppose the idea you're trying to convey is: "I need to fix the problem." Okay? "Fix" is a very ordinary word, so what better word could we use here? "I need to _______ the issue or the issues. I need to", you might know this word. "I need to resolve", okay? So, "resolve" is just like "solve", but usually we say: "Solve the problem", but we might say: "Resolve the issue". And "resolve" is an even higher, more advanced word. And the higher vocabulary that you use, the more professional you will sound. Okay? And that's what our goal is. Right? Okay, next: "I need to give people confidence." So what's a good word or verb for that? "To give somebody confidence" is to, something starts with "m": "I need to _______ my employees. I need to..." Do you know this word? I'm sure you've heard it. "Motivate". Okay? Say it after me: "Motivate" or "motivate". You can say the "t"; sometimes it's easier and clearer for people to understand you when you say the "t". So let's say the "t" now: "Motivate. I need to motivate my employees" or: "I need to motivate my employees." Okay? Instead of saying: "I need to give people confidence", because you see that all the verbs here are very ordinary, everyday verbs, and those are higher-level verbs. Next: "I need to give clients my attention." Again, we have a very weak verb here, so how can you say that: "I need to give my attention to my clients or give clients my attention"? The word... The verb starts with "f": "I need to _______ on our clients." What's the verb? Do you know it? "I need to focus", okay? Say it after me: "Focus". Be careful how you pronounce this word because otherwise it can sound improper. All right? "I need to focus on our clients." Sounds a lot better than saying: "I need to give my attention to my clients." Okay? "I need to focus". Next: "I need to spend as little as possible". "Spend as little" means spend as little money. So what's one word that captures that idea, to spend as little as possible? It starts with "m": "I need to _______ our expenses or our costs." Do you know what it is? Okay? So the word is "minimize". […]
Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE
2 years ago En
Do you make mistakes with "was" and "were"? Learn how and when to use the past tense of the verb "to be" with this simple, clear lesson. Practice using "was" and "were" in sentences and questions. An important and useful lesson for beginners and anyone who wants to review the important verb "to be" in English. Next, watch my video on the difference between Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, and Present Perfect: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0q24_bB_54 After the lesson, take the quiz to test yourself: https://www.engvid.com/basic-english-grammar-was-were/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use the past tense of the verb "to be". Now, as you know, the verb "to be" is a really important verb, so in this lesson you'll learn how to use the words "was" and "were" correctly in English. Now, this is a beginner's lesson, but even if you are at any level and you just want to review the basics, this lesson will help you. So, let's get started. So, the verb "to be", of course, can be used in the present, in the past, and also in the future. But in this lesson we are focusing on how to use it in the past. I'm going to just review very quickly how to use it in the present, but I think you already know that. Right? Okay. So, when we say: "The present", what do we mean by that? It could mean right now, it could mean this year, it could mean today. Right? So, for example: "I am at work right now. Yesterday I was at home." So when I say "was", that's the past. The past can be yesterday, last night, last week, five years ago; any time before now is the past. Okay. So, let's take another example. "He is a manager this year. Last year he was a worker". "He is" becomes "He was". Next: "She is in London today. Yesterday she was in Paris." Again, "is" became "was". Another example: "It is cold today. Yesterday it was hot." So, once again, "is" became "was". So what's the pattern here? What do you see? I know you see the pattern, so the pattern is that all of these became "was". So: "I am", "I was"; "He is", "He was"; "She is", "She was"; "It is", "It was", right? So all of these: "am" and "is" become "was" in the past. All right? Let's go to some other pronouns. "We are studying right now. Yesterday we were working". "We were", make sure you pronounce that properly. A lot of people make a mistake when they say "were". It's not the word "where", like the question. It's "were". Okay? Say it with me: "We were studying." Good. Or, sorry: "We were working." All right. Another example: "You are married today. Yesterday you were single." Okay? Somebody just got married. All right. "They are here right now, but a few hours ago they were over there." Okay? All right. So, what do you see here? Another pattern. Whatever is "are" in the present tense becomes "were" in the past tense, that's all. So there's only two possibilities in the past tense: "was" or "were". Okay? So, here's a little review: "am" and "is" become "was"; and "are" becomes "were". Now, one last little point: "was" and "were" can be used by themselves. Okay? So this can be a verb used by itself. For example: "It was hot." This is just the verb "to be" by itself, or "was" and "were" can be used as helping verbs. For example: "We were working." Okay? So that's just a little something to keep in mind. Now, next, you'll learn how to use "was" and "were" in English. Now let's look at how to use "was" and "were" in positive sentences, negative sentences, and also in questions. Okay? So, as you've already learned: "I", "He", "She", and "It" all use "was". Right? "I was at home", "He was at home", "She was at home", "It was at home". "It" can be for a thing, for example, a cellphone. All right? If you want to make that sentence negative, then basically in English what we have to add is the word "not": "I was not", but when we're speaking we don't usually say: "I was not at home." We just say something a little shorter, we say: "I wasn't at home." Do you want to repeat that after me so you can learn how to pronounce it really well? "I wasn't at home." Now, when you're writing it, just remember that the apostrophe goes where we take out the "o". So: "was" and "not", take out the "o" and add the apostrophe, and then you'll not only say it perfectly, you'll also spell it perfectly. Good. So: "I was", "I wasn't". And then to make a question, we just change the order. Same word, right? "Was I at home? I don't remember.", "Was he at school?", "Was she at work?", "Was it on the shelf?" Okay? So you're just changing the order when you make a question, so that's pretty straightforward. Now let's look at what happens with: "We", "You", and "They". For that we have to use "were". "We were", "You were", "They were". And how do we make it negative? Again, you only add the word "not". […]
Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method
2 years ago En
No more confusion! Learn my simple trick to using "at", "on" and "in" for better English and higher grades. Master these common prepositons of time to speak and write more fluently. After watching, go get my free resource on the rules, expressions, and exceptions when using "at", "on" and "in" in English at https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-expressions-using-at-on-and-in-prepositions-of-time/ You can also take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. By the end of this lesson you will learn how to use three of the most confusing prepositions in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in", as applied to time. Now, if you think you're alone in having problems with these little words, you are not alone. Many students have difficulty with these words because they're different in their native languages and probably in yours. Right? So, what do you do? Well, keep watching because I have found a solution which has helped many of my students, and I think it will help you, and that is by using a pyramid or a triangle-okay?-to learn these three important words. Let's see how it works. So, like the triangle: "at" is used in very specific situations, very narrow situations. For example: "At 5:00", "At 12:30", "At midnight", right? It's very exact. It's very narrow. "On", like the triangle, is a little bit broader and it's used for one day or one date. For example: "On Monday", or "On January 25th", "On New Year's Day". Right? Got it? Are you with me? Good. Let's continue. Now, "in" is the widest of the lot, as you can see, like in the triangle; "at", "on", "in". So, "in" covers things like months, seasons, years, decades, centuries, and any kind of long period. For example, we say in English: "In July", "In summer" or "In the summer", "In 2005", "In the 1960s", "In the 1800s", which was a long time ago, or: "In the past". We can also say: "In the future", okay? Because it's also a long period of time. Did you get that? So: "at" for very narrow situations; "on" for little bit wider, one day or one date-right?-and "in" for the widest situations of all, more than one day or one date. Now, let's do a little practice to see how well you've understood this. Okay, now let's fill in the blanks with our three words: "at", "on", and "in". But before we fill them in here, let's fill them in on our triangle. So, do you remember: What goes at the top, what's very narrow and covers a very specific time? "At", very good. What's a little bit more than that, covering one day or one date? "On", very good. And what's the widest of the lot, covering months, and seasons, and years, and decades, and centuries? "In", okay? You've got it. Now let's apply what we've learned, because otherwise there's no point, so let's do it. So: "_______ 6:00." What do we say? Do you remember? "At 6:00." Excellent. "_______ Sunday." One day, right? "On Sunday." Very good. "_______ winter." What do we say? It's a long period of time, especially in Canada where I live, okay? So: "In winter." We can also say: "In the winter." Same thing. And: "_______ Independence Day." It's one day, so we need to say: "On Independence Day." Okay? Very Good. Now let's continue to some sentences, because that's how you actually use the language. Number five: "See you _______ noon." "See you..." Now, what's "noon"? "Noon" means 12 o'clock in the afternoon, it's a precise, exact time, so we say: "See you at noon." Very good. Number six: "I'll call you _______ Friday." "I'll call you on Friday." Very good, because it was one day. Next one: "We have a meeting _______ 4:30." "We have a meeting", specific time, which one? "...at 4:30". Very good. And the last one: "They're getting married _______ March 9th." It's one day, okay? One date. So, it is this one: "They're getting married on March 9th." Okay? So, you can see that the triangle can help you to remember which preposition to use when. Now, here's some more things you can do to help you remember this really, really well. First of all, go to our website at www.engvid.com, and there you'll find a resource which I've written which explains all of this, and also you can print it out, you can download it for free. Everything is for free; no cost. Okay? And there you'll find exercises and explanations of this, and also an explanation of some exceptions and expressions that we use with "at", "on", and "in". There are about more than 50 of them. Okay? So you'll find the explanation of the triangle, plus more. Second, while you're at the website, www.engvid.com, you'll find hundreds of other lessons which can help you with your English. Okay? Lots and lots of lessons at different levels; beginner, intermediate, advanced, business English, pronunciation, grammar, IELTS, TOEFL, you name it. Okay? It's all available and it's all for free.
The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making! The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making!
2 years ago En
Test yourself and find out if you make any of these mistakes in English! These are some of the worst mistakes people make in English -- but they are also very common. Both native speakers of English and English learners make them. I'll show you have to correct these writing and speaking errors quickly and easily. If you need more help with any of these issues, you can watch an entire lesson that focuses on it. Here are the individual lesson videos on each point: 1. YOUR & YOU'RE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRxod7diTkU 2. WHO'S & WHOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04YAkWJw3Js 3. IT'S & ITS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-_vU1WlKTA 4. THERE & THEIR: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3SAngtK4lg 5. LOSE & LOOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWHikwIGTvs 6. GOOD OR WELL?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xS1Krim0TUo 7. DO & MAKE resource page: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/do-make-expressions/ 8. AT, ON, IN – PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efuX_K-6ThY 9. I OR ME? SHE OR HER? THEY OR THEM?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHCUX5P0ow 10. PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDuZNqIeURA QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-worst-english-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you'll find out if you make any of the 10 worst mistakes in English. Now, even though it seems like I'm joking, it's actually quite serious. These mistakes could make you fail an exam or a job interview, they could make you lose a sale or a client, they could also ruin your presentation, or worse still, your reputation. You really don't want to be making these mistakes. And luckily, you found this lesson, so at the end of this lesson you will know exactly what to do to fix these mistakes in case you make them. And if you don't make them, then you can feel really good and confident about the English that you do speak. Okay? So, let's get started. The first one... Now, I should say that the first five are all written mistakes, that is if you say these things, nobody will be able to tell what you're saying, but if you write them down then they will see your mistake. In other words, they are spelling mistakes, but the spelling mistake is based on a grammatical mistake that you have misunderstood something in English. Okay? But I'm here to explain it to you, so no worries. Here we go. Number one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or "You're late". Now you see, they sound the same, but this one is written "y-o-u-'-r-e". Have you seen this mistake on the internet? I see it all the time, but not by you I hope. So, what's the right answer here? The first one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or the second one? Okay? So, the correct one is this. This is the correct one, this is wrong. Why? Okay? "You're late" like this is what? "You are", it's a contraction or short form of "You are", and the other one: "Y-o-u-r" is a possessive form of "You". It means this is your book, this is your brother, etc. Okay? So: "You are late." is what you wanted there. Second one: "Who's that?", "W-h-o-'-s" or: "Whose that?", "W-h-o-s-e"? Which is correct? Well, this one is correct, and this is wrong because: "Who's that?" is short for: "Who is", "Who is that?" Again, it's a contraction or a short form. Right? And this one: "Whose" is a possessive word to ask: "Who does this belong to?" Okay? That's not what you want to say here. Number three: "It's time to go." or "Its time to go." Again, remember they sound exactly the same, they are what are called homonyms, but don't worry about that. You need to know how to spell, so is it like this or like this? Well, this is correct, this is not. This is, again, a contraction for: "It is", right? "It is time to go. It's time to go." This: "Its" with no apostrophe is the possessive form of "It", it shows that something belongs to it. All right? That's not what you want to use here. Next: "There here", "Their here", or "They're here". Again, they sound the same, but what's the correct spelling? Which word do you really want? So, we want this one. "They are here." Okay? It's a contraction. This one: "There" is the opposite of "Here", and "T-h-e-i-r", "Their" is the possessive form of "They", it means something belongs to them, and that's not what you want in this example. The last one here is: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Now, some people don't pronounce it correctly so they end up sounding the same, they actually pronounce differently, and spell differently, and the meaning is completely different. Okay? So: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Which is the right one? This is correct, and this is wrong. The first one: "lose" is a verb because that's... It means... Okay, like something is lost, you lost it. You lose something. And "loose" means not tight, like: "His pants were very loose", not tight. […]
How to read and write the date, and how NOT to! How to read and write the date, and how NOT to!
2 years ago En
If you don't know how to write the date correctly, you could lose your job. Are you scheduling a meeting, organizing an event, or planning a party? Watch this lesson first to avoid confusion. By reading or writing the date incorrectly, you could lose your job, miss an event, or even DIE. The date is written differently in different parts of the world, so it is important to know how to write for the people in your life. I'll show you how the date is written in different parts of the world, and teach you how to ALWAYS use the right date format. You'll learn when to write the date in words, when to use numbers, and what DD-MM-YY means. This lesson is important for everyone, but especially those who work with people from other countries. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-read-and-write-the-date TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and I have a simple question for you today. What date is this? Look at it, and tell me what date it is. Now, you probably said one of these. You might have said: "April 3rd, 2018" or "the 4th of March, 2018", and that's the problem, that not everybody who is watching this video from different parts of the world said the same thing. Can you imagine all of the problems that would ensue, that would follow if you announced this date for a major event where people from all over the world are going to attend? You could lose your job for this one, and I'm not exaggerating. This is a really serious point to learn in today's lesson. Okay? Now, let's take it a little bit further. Let's imagine that you're organizing a conference. Let's pretend you're organizing a lecture at a university, or let's pretend that you're planning a wedding for a friend and you're sending out invitations. Okay? Let's see what happens if you write the date like this. Lots of interesting things, I assure you. All right, so let's see what happened. If you sent out an invitation or an announcement with the date written like this: "04-03-2018", the Americans and Filipinos wrote: "April 3rd, 2018" in their diaries. In the meantime, the Brits, Germans, Russians, Mexicans, Indians, and a whole lot of others wrote: "4th of March, 2018" in their diaries. Already confusion is on the horizon. Right? Lots of expenses, lots of confusion, lots of issues. And the Chinese, Korean, and Japanese, they really weren't sure because you weren't actually following their system at all, so they're flooding your inbox to ask you: "Which date did you actually mean?" And all of this is leading to a lot of unnecessary problems, so I'm going to show you exactly what you need to do, when you need to write the date in words, and at other times when you need to write the date in numbers, how to do that and what guidelines you can follow. Now, of course, I'm giving you the general picture, it will also depend a lot on your company, what policies they have regarding how you write the date, the date format, and so on. But I'm going to tell you exactly how to write the date in words and also in numbers when you really have to. Keep watching. Okay. So, as I said, when you have a choice, always write the date in words. And I'm going to show you exactly how you can do that in the next segment. But sometimes you don't have a choice. Sometimes, for example, if you're filing out a job application online or a government form, or a visa application, or you're writing the date on a cheque, sometimes you're going to see little squares where something is written in the background very lightly. It's usually a "D" or an "M" or a "Y", or all of them. Okay? So what does that "D", "M", and "Y" stand for? The "D" stands for "Day", the "M" stands for "Month" and the "Y" stands for "Year". Okay? So that already will help you a whole lot anytime you're filling out any kind of form. All right? Now, these are the different options you might see there and what will... I'm just trying to show you an example of how you would change the information based on what they're asking you with the "D", "M", and "Y". Okay? So let's suppose that you're filling out an application, a visa application, and they're going to ask for your birthdate. All right? And let's suppose your birthdate is January 3rd, 1986. If the form says: "Day/Month/Year", then you would write: "03/01/86". Now, usually they have two spots available for the day and the month, because they obviously... December is 12. Okay? You can't have more than two digits for the day or for the month. So if it just says... If it just has two, four, six spots there with a "D" and a "Y", you're going to write the date like that. Sometimes they switch it around, then you'll know: "Month/Day/Year", so in this case it would become January 3rd, '86. Okay? This is a situation in which the year is only asked for in two digits. Okay? Sometimes you see it like this: Year, month, day, then you would write, in this case: "86-01-03". Year, day, month: "86-03-01".
8 English Idioms to learn BY heart! 8 English Idioms to learn BY heart!
2 years ago En
What do you know "by heart"? Who did you call "by accident"? When will you make something "by hand"? Learn eight easy, everyday idioms in English, all starting with "by". These expressions can be heard at home, at school, and at work, so understanding them is a must, and using them is even better. Learn to do both, confidently and clearly. Let's start now! WATCH NEXT: 1. 8 IDIOMS WITH 'IN' AND 'ON': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZaFkJPMTjs 2. 5 'WORLD' IDIOMS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IufiEw4SFE 3. EASY EXPRESSIONS WITH 'OUT OF': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erA1adH1R_c TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/8-english-idioms-by/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid and today we have another lesson on idioms. "What? Another lesson on idioms?" Yes, because you can never learn enough idioms. Why? Because they're everywhere. Right? They're at school, they're at work, they're when you go out to parties. People are using idioms everywhere. Also, when you're watching TV, or watching a drama, you're watching sports, you hear them all over the place. The sooner you learn idioms, the more advanced your English will be, the more comfortable you'll feel around people because people use them and you understand what they're saying. Okay? All right. So today we're going to focus on eight idioms, not three, eight, eight-okay?-idioms that all start with the word "by". All right? So, let's get started. The first one: "by heart". Okay? Now, first of all, I've written all of the idioms here. These are the meanings, but they are all mixed up, so don't look there. Okay? You need to listen to me, and then we'll check later. All right? Let's do it like that. So, the first one: "by heart". What does it mean to know something or learn something by heart, by heart? It means from your memory, to know it just like that. For example, when you were a child-right?-you learned nursery rhymes probably, little poems that people teach children, and now if I ask you, you probably know them even though you might not have said them for years, you know them by heart. Okay? You know them from memory. All right, good. The next one: "by hand". When you say that somebody made something by hand, it literally means by hand, not by machine, that's the main point, so whether it's embroidery, whether it's making something out of wood, or making something out of stone, you made it by hand. Okay? It was not made by machine. All right. The next one, now, here there are two expressions that pretty much mean the same thing, so you might hear someone saying: "by chance" or "by coincidence". And what does that mean? That means something happened accidentally, without any planning. All right? And you were walking down the street, and by chance you met your old teacher, Rebecca, from engVid. "I remember you." Okay, all right, so that happened by chance or by coincidence. All right? And the last one here is: "by mistake" or "by accident". All right. So, have you ever called someone that wasn't the person you meant to call, you were trying to call? So then you called that number by mistake or by accident. That means you didn't plan to do it, it wasn't on purpose, it was a mistake. All right? So, now let's review them a little bit. So, if you did something without planning, just happened, then which one of these idioms describes that? It would be "by chance". Okay? There was no planning involved, it happened by chance or by coincidence. All right. The next one, not on purpose. Okay? You didn't make that... Dial that wrong number on purpose. You did it "by mistake" or "by accident" so when someone says: "Hello. Yes?" And you say: "Oh, I'm sorry, I called you by mistake." Okay? Or: "I called you by accident." All right. The next one, if something is not made by machine, then it is usually made "by hand". Okay? Good. And if you know something from memory, that means you know it "by heart". All right. Good. Okay? Let's go on, here. Now: "by the book". What does it mean when someone is the kind of person who goes by the book? When they say "the book", they're kind of referring to the book of rules, the book of laws. Okay? So, a person who goes by the book is a person who follows rules very strictly. All of us know people like this. Some people are more relaxed about rules, and some people are very strict about the rules. And those kind of people who are very strict or who are following the rules very strictly or applying them very strictly are called... We say they are going by the book. All right? Got it? Good. Now, another expression, it's a very commonly used one: "by and large". Okay? "By and large, how's the weather today? Is it a good day where you are, is it sunny, is it rainy"? "By and large" means on the whole, very generally, in general.
Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words! Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words!
2 years ago En
Expand your vocabulary with two easy suffixes: "-ize" and "-ization". Start using advanced verbs like "westernize', "criminalize", and "democratize" in your IELTS and TOEFL essays. Use advanced nouns like "monetization", "globalization", and "maximization" in business letters. Learn and study vocabulary in a smarter and more efficient way by understanding how words are created with these suffixes. For the best results, get my free resource page, with over 200 words that follow this pattern: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/improve-vocabulary-learn-suffixes-ize-ization/ WATCH MY OTHER VOCABULARY HACK VIDEOS FOR TRICKS TO LEARN LOTS OF WORDS... FAST: Sound smarter & avoid mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE Learn 30+ verbs in 10 minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyF8qR-1JXA TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-hack-2-suffixes-200-words/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Back with another vocabulary hack. So, what's a hack anyway? A hack is a shortcut, a way for you to learn or do anything faster and more effectively. Okay? So in this vocabulary hack lesson you're going to learn not one word at a time, but you're going to learn a principle that will allow you to learn hundreds of words. Does that sound good? I think so. Because when you're learning a new language, the more vocabulary you learn, the more advanced you get. Right? So, especially if you're going to appear for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam, this is a great lesson for you, and also if you just want to improve in your career, and at work, and write better letters to your clients and your boss, and so on, and be more impressive, this is a way to do that. Okay? Let's learn how. So, one of the keys to expanding your vocabulary is to use something called prefixes or suffixes. Now, a prefix is a group of letters that you add to the beginning of a word. A suffix is a group of letters that you add to the end of a word. In this vocabulary lesson we're going to focus on suffixes that you add to a verb and to a noun. Now, these suffixes are related so that once you make the verb you can also make the noun, and so you get... From one word you're going to get three words. And there are hundreds of words like this for which I will show you where you can get a resource so you can really expand your vocabulary. Okay? So, let me show you how it's done. The suffix that we add to the verb is "-ize" in American English, or "-ise" in Britain English. And to make a noun we add "-ization" in American English or "-isation" in British English. Okay? You'll understand exactly what that means in a second. So, what does it mean when we take a word which could be a noun, it could be an adjective, and we add this suffix? What happens? What does it mean? It means that you're going to make or cause something to be. For example, if you want to make something more final... Okay? You have reservations, you want to make them more final, so we say if we want to use the verb, we want to finalize them. Okay? See? We make the verb with the suffix. Or if you want to use the noun: the finalization of my reservations. Okay? So you add another verb and you add another noun just from one adjective, so you've got three words instead of just one word. If you're using the noun... So, what does the noun do? When we add "-ization" or "-isation", we're basically talking about the act, or process, or the result of making something a certain way. For example, let's take an example from the academic world. Okay? Lots of times you have to put something into your memory. Right? Whether it's a formula, or a poem, or a quotation, or something. So, what's the verb for that? We add "-ize", let's say: "memorize", and what's the noun for that? "Memorization", okay? Now, there's a little rhythm to this and we're going to practice that so that it comes to you really easily. Let's look at something from the business world. What do people in business want to do? They want to make as much money as possible, so let's say you had the word "maximum" and you want to make it into a verb, you add the "-ize", so you say: "I want to maximize my profits", or: "Our focus is on the maximization of our profits." Okay? Or: "Minimize our cost", "Minimization of our costs", okay? Now, even if you weren't familiar with these words before you can see how you can use them and how easily you can form them, and this pattern applies not only to these three words, but as I said, to hundreds of words, and I'm going to show you a few more examples right now.
No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules
2 years ago En
Do modals confuse you? Are you unsure how to use the words can, could, may, might, should, ought, must, have to, shall, will, or would? Watch this lesson and learn three easy rules to use modals correctly in English, once and for all! TEST YOURSELF WITH THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/modals-3-easy-rules/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use modal verbs properly, and how to avoid making the most common mistakes that students sometimes make when using these special helping verbs. Now, even though modal verbs doesn't sound that exciting, when you see what they are you'll realize that we use these verbs all the time, and so you need to know how to use them correctly. Right? Okay. So, let's look at what modal verbs are. So, these are words that express different kinds of things. For example, they might express ability, possibility, permission, obligation. Okay? And some other things like that. And they behave differently from regular verbs, and that's why they're sometimes a little bit confusing. But let's look at some examples of what modal verbs are. "Can", "could", "may", "might", "should", "ought to", "must", "have to", "will", "shall", and "would". Okay? These are the most common ones. All right. So, I'm going to give you now three basic rules that you can follow to avoid most of the mistakes that are usually made with the modal verbs. Okay? So, first of all, make sure to use the modal verb as is. That means don't change it in the present, or the past, or the future. For example, we can say: "He can swim." This is a correct sentence. It would be wrong to say: "He cans swim." Because, here, the student put an extra "s" there. All right? And we don't need to change that modal verb ever. Okay? All right. Second, use the base form of the verb after a modal. Don't use "to". What do I mean by that? For example, you should say: "He might join us." Not: "He might to join us." Okay? This is a really common error, so make sure you don't make this one. So don't use the full infinitive to join after a word like "might". Just use the base form of the verb, which is: "join". "He might join us.", "He could join us.", "He should join us.", "He must join us." and so on, without "to". All right? Very good. Now, the next point is if you need to, say, use the modal verb in the negative form, then just use "not" after the modal. All right? Don't add any extra words most the time; there's one little exception, I'll explain that to you, but for most of them, don't use words like: "don't", or "doesn't", or "isn't", "aren't", "wasn't", "won't". Okay? So, with most of these modal verbs just say "not". For example: "You should not smoke." Not: "You don't should smoke." All right? So, here the student knows and learned all these lovely words: "don't", "doesn't", "isn't", "aren't", all that and try to use it when using the modal verb, but that's wrong. Okay? So, the only exception is with the verb... With the modal verb "have to", there if you want to make it negative, you need to say: "You don't have to do this", okay? But with the other ones, we just say: "You cannot", "You could not", "You may not", "You might not", "You should not", "You ought not to", okay? So there you have to be careful where to place it. "You must not", this one I told you is an exception. "You will not", "You shall not", and "You would not". Okay? And the other thing to keep in mind when you're using this word and "not", this is a really common mistake, so the important thing to remember: This actually becomes one word. Okay? Only in that case. You don't say... You say: "cannot", but it's actually one word. All right? Most of the time, almost always "not" is a separate word with all of the modal verbs. But not with "can". With "can" it actually becomes one word: "I cannot arrive"-okay?-"on time", like that. Okay? So, now that you've got these basic rules and you've understood how it works, let's do some practice to see how well you've understood. Okay, so let's get started with our exercises. Now, the rules are written at the top just in case you didn't remember them exactly. First one, remember use it as it is, don't change the modal verb. Second one, use with the base verb. Don't use the full infinitive "to" something. And the last one: Use "not" after the modals when it's negative. Okay? All right. Try to keep those in mind, but most of all let's look at the actual examples and you tell me what's wrong with them. There is something wrong with each and every one of these sentences. Okay. Number one: "You must to finish your homework. You must to finish your homework." What's wrong there? What did the person do wrong? They added "to". All right? This was our second rule. Right? You cannot use "to".
"WHAT" or "WHICH"? Learn how to choose! "WHAT" or "WHICH"? Learn how to choose!
2 years ago En
How do you know when to use "what" or "which"? It's easy! In this English grammar lesson, you'll learn which of these question words is more specific and limited and which is more general and wide. Watch this lesson now -- learn and remember forever! Once you learn the grammatical rule, it will be so easy for you that I think you can all get 10/10 on the quiz. What more could you ask for? TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/what-or-which/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will learn how to ask better questions in English. Specifically, you'll learn when to use the question word "what" and when to use the question word "which". Now, is there a difference? Yes, usually there is, and it's a very easy difference to understand once I explain it to you. But maybe you already know the difference, maybe you already know when to use "what" or "which". Let's find out. So, do we say: "What colour do you like?" or should we say: "Which colour do you like?" Think about that for a minute, decide something. I'll tell you in a second. And here, do we say: "What colour do you prefer - red or blue?" or do we say: "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Think about that. Got your answer? Okay, so let me tell you what we would usually say. Here we would usually say: "What colour do you like?" Why? Because we're asking: "Out of all the colours in the world, what colour do you like?" And here, we would usually say: "Which", okay? "Which colour do you prefer - red or blue?" Why? Because here we have a specific choice. All right? So let me summarize what the difference is. Okay? So, when we use "What", we use "What" to talk about things that are very broad or very general. So here, we used it to talk about general questions or very wide, broad questions. Okay? Where the number of options, the number of possibilities are unknown or very large. Okay? "Which" is much different, it's much more specific. Okay? So, we use "Which" when we have limited options, not wide. We use it when we have much more limited options. For example, here we said: "Red or blue?" It doesn't have to be only two. It could be three, four, it could be 10, but it's limited and not unlimited. That's the difference. "What" is used when we're asking about something general, and "Which" is used when we're asking about something specific. Now, just to explain, in this one, for example, I said that the probable answer is: "What colour do you like?" But if I showed you a card which had four colours, and now it's limited, right? So then I could ask you: "Which colour do you like?" because it's out of these four, so it becomes limited and not: What colour out of all the colours in the world? Okay? So, let's look at a few more examples so you can understand exactly how this works. All right, so let's look at some examples in a social context, in an academic context, and in a business context. Okay? So, for example, we could ask someone: "What do you want to do today?" Very general question. Out of all the things we could possibly do in this city, what do you want to do? Very broad. Right? Or: "Which movie do you want to see - Star Wars or Batman?" Now the choice is much more limited. Right? It's more specific, and that's why we used "Which". Do you see the difference between the broad and the narrow, between the general and the specific? All right, academically we could ask someone: "What would you like to learn?" Okay? Out of all the subjects in the world, what would you like to learn? So very general, very broad. Or: "Which class do you prefer - music or art?" Now, of course, again our choice is very limited between two. Again, the choice might be between more. All right? But here it's two. In a business context we might ask: "What are our options?" Okay? Out of all the different things we could do, what are our options? This is a very common question people ask in business situations, in business meetings, negotiations, and things like that. Right? Or: "Which conference are you attending, the one in New York or in London?" Again, a much more limited choice, and therefore we used "Which". All right? So, are you ready to try some on your own? Let's do that. Okay, number one, let's pretend that you're on a date and you want to get to know the other person so you ask them: "_______ kind of music do you like?" What should we say: "What" or "Which"? It's a very general question, right? So we say: "What", "What kind of music do you like?" Okay? Because there are all kinds of music; we didn't limit the options. All right, the next one, let's say you're thinking about learning how to play an instrument, so you go to a music store and you ask the salesperson: "_______ instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?" What do we say there? What should we say? I think we should say: "Which". Right? "Which instrument is easier to learn - the guitar or the piano?"
Advance your English with 7 INTENSIFIERS Advance your English with 7 INTENSIFIERS
3 years ago En
Want to sound more educated in English? Then I strongly recommend you watch this lesson. You'll learn seven advanced English expressions you can use while speaking or writing, in social, academic, and business situations. Intensifiers add passion and depth to your English. Once you learn these, I'm sure you'll also start noticing how commonly they are used. I sincerely hope you enjoy the lesson and honestly believe you'll upgrade your English! I recommend you practice using one or two of these intensifiers every day. Try writing a sentence with one of these intensifiers in the comments here! TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/advance-your-english-7-intensifiers/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. After teaching English for more than 30 years, my goal in all my lessons is to help you to learn English more quickly and easily. So in the next few minutes you're going to be able to take your English to a higher level by learning seven advanced expressions with intensifiers. Now, what does that mean? What are intensifiers? Let's find out. Okay? So let's start with this example in a general situation. Okay? "Joan likes music." We can say that, or we could say: "Joan really likes music." In this example, the word "really" is an intensifier, and what an intensifier does is that it strengthens or emphasizes the verb. She doesn't just like music, she really likes music, and that's fine to say. Okay? That's called an adverb intensifier. All right? Doesn't matter, but maybe for those of you who like to understand grammar, I'm just telling you what the words are. All right, let's look at another example from a business context. "We appreciate your offer." Okay? No intensifier, there. The next example: "We really appreciate your offer." Now, again, the word "really" was the intensifier. But do we use only "really" as intensifiers? No. We use many, many other words because it would be very boring to keep saying "really" all the time. Also, "really" might be fine in this example because it's kind of informal and conversational, but here it's a little bit more formal, a little bit more businesslike, so you want to use better English, you want to use more advanced English, and you want to use more advanced expressions. So, what do we usually say instead of that with the verb "appreciate"? We usually say something like this: "We truly appreciate your offer." Okay? Now, in this example, the word "truly" is the intensifier instead of "really". Right? And the verb stays the same, so that's "appreciate". So, when you have an intensifier like "truly" or "really" plus a verb, like "appreciate", that's called a collocation. Okay? Or a word combination, two words which are used together very frequently. All right? So people expect to hear them together. All right? So when you use them, you sound much more natural. You also sound a little bit more formal, more polite, more educated, a little bit more refined and cultured, and just more advanced in English. All right? Because obviously if you say: "I truly appreciate your offer", instead of saying: "I really appreciate your offer", then you're going to sound more advanced. Now, of course, it depends on the situation. If you're just talking to friends, maybe you want to keep saying "really appreciate", but I'm going to show you seven other expressions... Six other expressions-you've already learned one, all right?-which you can use and which are used very often in academic circles and also in professional circles because you can use these expressions in speaking and writing, you can use them in social and business situations, like especially in customer service, in meetings, negotiations, presentations, discussions. Right? And, of course, we can use them in a lot of academic situations, like in your essays, or your IELTS, or your TOEFL. Imagine if you started using this kind of vocabulary instead of regular vocabulary. Of course you're going to get higher marks. All right? So, let's look at some of these expressions. All right, so let's first start with an overview of these six advanced expressions. All right? I'll just read them right now. Don't worry about understanding them or how to use them. I'm going to explain that in just a minute. Okay? All right. So the first one: "Strongly recommend", "honestly believe", "deeply regret", "fully recognize", "sincerely hope", and "positively encourage". Okay? So, what did you notice in those? Each of them had an intensifier. Right? "Strongly", "honestly", "deeply", "fully", "sincerely", "positively", and each of them had a verb; "recommend", "believe", "regret", etc. Okay. So, why are they expressions? Why are they called collocations? Because these expressions, these two-word combinations are used together, and they are recognized as good expressions to use together. All right? So let's go through them now so you understand exactly how to use them.
Practice Speaking English: How to give short answers about yourself Practice Speaking English: How to give short answers about yourself
3 years ago En
Do you get nervous when people ask you questions in English? Do you wish you could answer easily, quickly, and confidently? In this lesson, you'll learn and practice how to give short answers with the verb "to be". You'll learn to answer positively and negatively for the present, past, and future. But for this video, our focus is not on grammar. It's on getting used to answering common questions naturally. You'll practice speaking by repeating these short answers again and again. Watch this lesson and you'll be able to confidently use the expressions: "yes, I am", "no, I'm not", "yes, I was", "no, I wasn't", "yes, I will", and "no, I won't". Practice with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/practice-speaking-english-short-answers/ and perfect these easy answers today! TRANSCRIPT Do you feel stressed out when people start asking you questions about you in English? Do you get nervous, confused? Why? Why are you scared? Well, sometimes it's because suddenly the attention is on you and you have to respond. Right? So, my name is Rebecca, and in this lesson I'll show you how to solve that problem very easily. Now, of course, there are all kinds of questions in English, but in this lesson we'll focus on questions with the verb "to be" in the past, present, and future. Why only the verb "to be"? Because the verb "to be" is a very common verb in English, and lots of questions are asked to you using this verb. Now, because people ask you a lot of questions, in this lesson I'm only going to focus on questions that people ask you, so you know exactly how to answer. These are not how to answer questions about him, or her, or us, or them. Okay? Only about you. All right? So by the end of this lesson you will know how to answer these questions, and feel much more confident and comfortable. Okay? Let's get started. So, first of all, the thing to remember that in English when somebody asks you a question, especially when it's a yes or no question, you don't usually just say: "Yes." or: "No." because it sounds a little too short, and could be a little rude, could sound nervous, could sound angry. So usually we say a little bit more. Why? Just because then it sounds a little bit more like a sentence. And these... This little bit more are... This is called short answers. Okay? That's what we'll learn now. So, for example, the question will start something like this: "Are you something?" and we're going to practice many times so you get it, and your answers... The options are: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Okay? This and this, these are called short answers with the verb "to be". "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay? This is, of course, contracted a little bit, but don't analyze it. Okay? Just repeat it after me so that it comes out of your mouth very easily. So, now I'm going to ask you some questions about you, and wherever you are, I want you to answer. If you're in a library, say it quietly. Okay? Or say it in your mind, but better if you can actually pronounce it and say it. So I'm asking you: Are you married? You could say: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Okay? So say it. Really, tell the truth about you. Okay? Next: Are you American? So you probably said: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." Are you having dinner right now? "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay. Are you a student? "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Are you at the library? What did you say? "Yes, I am." And some of you said: "No, I'm not." In case you realized, these are general questions, these are a little bit academic, and now we come to the more professional questions somebody might ask you at work. Are you a manager? And you could say: "Yes, I am." or: "No, I'm not." And last: Are you attending any meetings this week? Even if you're not, just pretend. Give me an answer. "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Okay? So, in the present tense these are the only two options you have, these are the only two things you have to learn: "Yes, I am.", "No, I'm not." Next we'll look at how to answer these questions in the past. So, in the past our question will be: "Were you something?" Okay? And the answer will be: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." Say it after me: "Yes, I was.", "No, I wasn't." Okay? So, let's look at some imaginary questions. These are general, these are to do with the academic world, and this has to do with work or at your job. Okay? So: Were you busy yesterday? So you could say: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." Were you in London last year? You could say: "Yes, I was." Maybe you were. Or: "No, I wasn't." Okay, next: Were you ready for your last English test? I hope you're saying: "Yes, I was because I watched engVid." Or: "No, I wasn't. I have to watch more engVid." Okay. Or: Were you doing your homework when I called? Okay? "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." All right. Now: Were you on the phone? "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't." And last: Were you at the conference last week? And you're saying either: "Yes, I was." or: "No, I wasn't."
Easy English Expressions with "OUT OF" Easy English Expressions with "OUT OF"
3 years ago En
What's the difference between "out of milk" and "out of nowhere"? One is an expression, always with the same meaning; the other is an idiom, with different meanings. In this lesson, you'll learn how "out of" can be part of an expression or part of an idiom. You'll see how "out of" is used in everyday life as an expression and then learn eight common idioms, including "out of character, "out of town", and "out of touch". Idioms upgrade your English fluency in speaking and writing. Watch this lesson and start using these expressions for greater social, academic, and business success. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/english-expressions-out-of/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you will learn how to use some common expressions and idioms, all of which start with the words: "out of". Okay? Now, let's see exactly how this works. First we'll start with some expressions, and then we'll look at idioms. And all of them are going to use the words: "out of", but in different ways. All right? So, when we use the words "out of" as an expression, there, the meaning is consistent. What does that mean? The meaning is pretty much the same. It means this, when we say: "out of x", it means I have no x left. Okay? For example, when I'm out of something, it means I have no something left. I had something before, and now I don't have any remaining. There's nothing left. For example... Okay? The examples always help you to really understand something. So let's say you go to the fridge and you open it, and you're about to have a nice cup of coffee and you say: "Oh my goodness, I'm out of milk." What does that mean? You had milk before, but now there's no milk left. So then we say: "I'm out of milk", for example. Now, here when we use it as an expression it always means something like that. There is no something left. There is no something remaining. For example, in the office you go to use the printer and you can't print. Why? Because you're "out of paper". All right? Or you get into the car and you have a really big problem because you're "out of gas". Okay? "Gas" here means gasoline, petrol. Okay? All right, so that's a very common way that we use the expression "out of". All right? And here it always means that you don't have something left that you had before. Let's look at some other examples where it means the same thing, but a little bit more abstract. So, for example, you're at an exam, you have three/four hours, you have a lot of time when you start; but at the end in the last five minutes, you have to hurry up and finish your essay or whatever you're doing because otherwise you will be "out of time". All right? That means you won't have no time left. All right. Or you go to the casino with a lot of money in your pocket, but after a little while the money's gone, you have no money left or you are "out of money". Or we could say: "out of space". For example, let's say you're moving and you're packing everything into a truck, but you've still got a lot of furniture left and there's no space, so you say: "We're out of space. We have to come back one more time with another truck to fill the rest of the furniture." Okay? That's called being out of space. So do you understand? In all of those examples, and we use that a lot, with anything. Okay? And it always means you had something and now you had nothing left. That's the straightforward way in which we use this expression, but we can also use "out of" as an idiom, and then it doesn't mean that you have nothing left. It means all kinds of things, and each time, each idiom means something different so you kind of have to learn what that idiom means. Okay? So here when it's used as an idiom it can have different meanings. Let's look at eight of these to see what they mean. All right. So the first one is: "out of touch". You might have heard this, especially if you write to people by email, and what it means to be out of touch means to not be in contact. So, I haven't heard from John for a long time. We've been out of touch. All right? We're not in contact regularly. All right. Another idiom: "out of work". If you say that John is out of work or Mary is out of work, what does it mean? It doesn't mean that they don't have any work left. It means something a little bit different from that. It means they are unemployed, they don't have a job actually. All right? But it's kind of a nicer way to say that somebody's out of work, it means they're unemployed. They don't have a job right now. All right, the next one when you say: -"Oh, have you talked to James?" -"No. I haven't seen him. I think he's out of town." Okay, what does that mean: "out of town"? That means he's not in the place where he usually lives. All right? And that could be a city, it could be a town. It doesn't matter. We use the expression "out of town" even to talk very much about cities. It just means that you're away from the place that you normally reside or live.
Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success
3 years ago En
Watch this lesson to get a better score on your IELTS or TOEFL essay. Learn how to generate key vocabulary from the essay question itself! Avoid the ONE BIG MISTAKE made by thousands of students. Learn the art of paraphrasing through synonyms and boost your essay score. It's easier than you think, and the results will pay off in higher grades. IELTS COMPLETE FREE GUIDE: http://www.goodluckielts.com TOEFL COMPLETE FREE GUIDE: http://www.goodlucktoefl.com TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-for-ielts-toefl-essay-success/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. Do you want to get a higher score on your TOEFL, or IELTS, or TOEIC essay? In the next five minutes I'm going to show you how to do this in a really easy way. You just have to follow two easy steps. Take your essay question and find the key words there, and then replace them with synonyms. Now, that might seem very easy and obvious, but you'd really, really be surprised to know that lots of students don't do that. What they do instead is that throughout their essay they keep using the same words that are used in the essay question. And if you do that, what you're showing is that you don't have a very good vocabulary, you don't have a rich vocabulary, you don't use... You don't have many synonyms to express the same ideas and thoughts. And what you need to do instead is to show off your vocabulary, and the way you can do it is to take the question, find the key words and make sure that you can generate lots of synonyms for those key words, because if you can do that then you'll use all those kind of synonyms throughout your essay instead of repeating the same vocabulary. Isn't it kind of a shame when you only have maybe 250 words on your IELTS essay or 300 to 350 on your TOEFL essay to keep using the same vocabulary? Don't do that. Learn to do something a little bit differently. Let's see how to do it. Okay? So I've got a sample question, here, from the TOEFL exam. A part of the question. This is... This says: "Many students choose to attend university outside their home countries." Okay? And maybe after that they said: "Do you agree or disagree?" or something like that. Okay? Doesn't matter. So, what are the...? How do you find the key words? Key words are almost any of the important words. For example: "many". Right? So if you're going to talk about this in your essay and you're going to give your opinion, then you want to use different words. So what could you use instead of "many"? Well, try to make a list. For example, I made my list: "myriad students", "countless", "an increasing number". It could be another word, it could be an expression. Anything that expresses the basic idea. And sometimes when you're using a synonym you're expanding on the idea, and that's okay, too. You're changing the idea a little bit, and that's all right. That's fine. So, that was one of the key words. Second key word: "students". If they said "students" in the essay question, don't use the word "students" every time in your essay. Use another word, like: "pupils", or "young people", or "scholars". Okay? Again, changing the meaning. "Scholar" is not exactly students, but it's okay to use that word somewhere. It also shows you have a lot of vocabulary, rich vocabulary. Next: "choose to". Right? Instead of saying: "...students choose to", what else could you say? You could say: "they decide to", "they opt to", "they prefer". All right? So, what I'm suggesting that you do is take some of the essay questions. Right? And when you're practicing before the exam, just from the essay questions see if you can generate lots of synonyms for the words used in the essay question. If you can do that, believe me, you're going to use those words in your essay writing. Let's see how it continues. "...to attend", "Many students choose to attend", what could you use instead of "attend"? You could say: "to join", "to enroll in", "to apply to", "to pursue undergraduate studies" or "pursue graduate studies". All right? Again, we're changing the meaning a little bit, but it's the same basic idea. Right? Because in order to attend you need to enroll, you need to apply, etc. "Many students choose to attend university", here's another key word. Instead of saying "university" 15 times in your essay, you might want to say: "academic centres", or "an academic program", or "institutes of higher learning", or an "educational institution", or "school", "college", "academy". Okay? Instead of the word "university". Don't keep using the same word. Use the same idea, but not necessarily the same word. Next. Next part, key part: "...outside their home countries". Instead of saying: "outside their home countries", say: "abroad", "overseas", "in a foreign country", "away from their homeland". Right? Now, you don't have to write this sentence again, but what I'm asking you to do is to take the question, find the key words, and see if you can come up with lots of vocabulary for that.
Learn English Tenses: Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, or Present Perfect? Learn English Tenses: Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, or Present Perfect?
3 years ago En
Are you sure which past tense to use and when? Do you understand why? Save years of English mistakes by watching this important lesson in which I teach you about past tenses. Discover your strengths and weaknesses in a few minutes. Then, follow my suggestions to master the grammar tenses you'll need to use more than any other in English. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/learn-engish-tenses-past-tenses/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is going to save you years of English mistakes. Why? Because it's a diagnostic lesson. In just a few minutes you'll find out what you know and don't know regarding the past tenses in English. And why is that important? For two reasons. First, you can focus on what you don't know and improve those areas and improve quickly, and second because the past tenses are among the most important tenses that we use in English. Okay? And at the end of the lesson after you've done the exercise and you find out what you might get wrong or right, I'll show you exactly how to improve, what you can do. Some simple steps. Okay? Let's get started. So, number one: "It rains all day yesterday." Okay? So these are all sentences in the past tense. Okay? There are four tenses we're covering: Past simple, past continuous, present perfect, and past perfect. Okay? So, all of these sentences have some mistakes. You try to find out: What's the mistake? If you know, then you know that part. If you don't, we'll see what to do. So: "It rains all day yesterday." What's wrong with that sentence? Okay. So, we're talking about yesterday so we know it's in the past, so what's wrong is here, this verb is right now in the present simple. It should be... It should be in the past. So then this sentence should be in the past simple. So if you didn't know that, then... Then you need to review the past simple. Okay? Number two: "Have you seen Maria last week? Have you seen Maria last week?" What's wrong with that sentence? Or that question, rather. Can you find the mistake? Okay, so the mistake is this: When we say: "Have you seen", that's which tense? Present perfect. But then we go on to say: "Have you seen Maria last week?" That's a problem, because when we use the present perfect tense, we cannot use a finished time with it. If you use a finished time, like last week, then you have to change this question and make it into past simple. For example: "Did you see Maria last week?" That's one way to fix that question. And the other way, if we wanted to keep it present perfect-right?-we would say: "Have you seen Maria this week?" for example. Okay? That... Of course, that has a different meaning, but if you're going to use this tense then if you have a timeframe you can only talk about time which is either still going on, like this week, today, this month, this year, and so on. Okay? So if you made a mistake here, remember to review present perfect. Okay? Just make a note of that. Next: "Gary studied when I arrived. Gary studied when I arrived." What's wrong there? There is a little mistake there, and it's here. Okay? This should be: "Gary was studying"-right?-"when I arrived". Now, "was studying" is past continuous. So, why do we need past continuous there? Because the action of studying takes some time. Right? It doesn't happen in one second. So he was studying, and studying, and studying, and then in the middle of this studying I arrived. "Arrived" doesn't take time, so "arrived" can be in the past simple tense. That's fine. I arrived, it's finished, it's over. But Gary was studying, and studying, and studying, and studying, and I came in the middle of that. Okay? So these are the kinds of things you have to know about these tenses in order to use them correctly. So, if you made a mistake here, remember to review past continuous. Remember at the end of the lesson I'll tell you exactly how you can review these. Okay? Next, number four: "When have you sent the email?" Okay? "When have you sent the email?" Okay. So, the problem here, again, is that the tense that's used is present perfect. But with present perfect we cannot use the word "when". If you use the question word "when", then you need to change this entire question to past simple. "When did you send the email?" Okay? "When did you send the email?" Because when I ask you that question you're going to tell me sometime in the past that's finished and over. So that's past simple, and not present perfect. So if you made a mistake here, you should really review past simple, but more importantly also, again, present perfect. Okay? A little bit of both. If you just said here: "Have you sent the email?" then it's fine and it's present perfect. Okay? But if you need to use the question word "when", remember to change it to past simple. Good. Number five: "Did you ever see this movie? Did you ever see this movie?"
Are you using "enough" correctly? Are you using "enough" correctly?
3 years ago En
Do you say "smart enough" or "enough smart? "Time enough" or "enough time"? Learn how to use this common word correctly in an English sentence. In this short and easy lesson, I'll teach you how to use the word "enough" correctly based on whether the word it is modifying is a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Once you understand this easy grammar rule, you'll never make a mistake with "enough" again! Just to make sure, we'll do some practice exercises together. Then you can test how well you understood the lesson with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/are-you-using-enough-correctly/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. The word "enough" is a very commonly used word in English. Unfortunately, it's also a very commonly misused word. That means that many students make mistakes while using this otherwise rather simple word. The reason for that is because the word "enough" can be used in two different ways, and in this lesson we're going to learn exactly how to do that. Okay? Let's get started. So, first of all, what does the word "enough" mean? It means that you have as much or as many of something as you need. All right? For example, if you have just a few minutes, you have enough time to watch this lesson and to learn the lesson. Okay? Learn how to use the word "enough". All right. So, what are these two ways in which we can use the word "enough"? You can either use it before a noun, or after an adjective or an adverb. Okay? Now, I know that's a lot of grammar, so let's look at some examples. So, when we use "enough" before a noun, we could say: "We have enough food for the party.", "We have enough space in this room for everyone.", "We have enough chairs for all the guests." Okay? So that's an example of "enough" before a noun. Now, as I said, you can also use it after an adjective. For example: "It's warm enough in the room." Okay? Or: "Is your tea sweet enough?", or "The teacher explained the lesson clearly enough for everyone to understand." Okay? So the last one was an adverb, the other two were adjectives. Now, let's take one example and use the word "enough" in these two different ways to see exactly how it works. First: "He has enough money to buy the car." Right? So, here, before a noun. Right? "He has enough money". Second example: "He is rich enough to buy the car." Okay? So now we see that the "enough" comes after the adjective. "He has enough money", "He is rich enough". All right? So, that's how it works and that's all you really need to learn, but let's do some practice just to make sure that you really got it. So, the first word: "rice". So do we say that we have "enough rice" or "rice enough"? So, "rice" is a noun, so we need to say: "enough rice". Okay? I'm not going to write the word "enough", I'll just put the "e" on this side or that side, according to whatever you tell me. All right. Next word: "carefully". Do we say: "enough carefully" or "carefully enough"? It should be "carefully enough". "He drove carefully enough to pass the driving exam." Okay? All right. Do we say: "enough experience" or "experience enough"? "He has enough experience." Very good. Okay. Do we say: "enough tall" or "tall enough"? All right? It should be: "He was tall enough to reach the top shelf." Okay? Good, you're doing really well. Let's continue. Do we say: "The house was enough clean" or "clean enough"? Which one? I hope you said: "The house was clean enough." Very good. Do we say: "There were enough people" or "people enough"? What do you think? "There were enough people." Again, "people" is a noun so it's going to come before. You'll see wherever we have the e's on this side, that means those words are nouns; wherever we have the e's on that side it means those words are adjectives or adverbs. Right? This was an example of an adverb. Let's continue. "The candidate had enough votes" or "The candidate had votes enough", what do you think? It should be: "enough votes to win the election". Okay, good. "You speak enough well to give a presentation" or should we say: "You speak well enough to give a presentation"? What do you think? It should be "well enough". All right, very good. "We have enough rooms for everyone" or "we have rooms enough"? I'm saying "rooms", okay? So: "We have enough rooms for everyone." Good. And: "The house is enough quiet for the baby to sleep" or "The house is quiet enough for the baby to sleep"? What do you think? Ready? Right: "The house is quiet enough." Okay? So, as you can see, it does take a little bit of practice. Okay? But I know you can get it. I hope you got these right, but if you'd like to do some more practice, please go to our website: www.engvid.com. There, you can do a quiz on this and you can also watch lots of other really interesting English videos. And if you like this lesson, subscribe to my YouTube channel. Thanks for watching. Bye for now.
Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes
3 years ago En
Start speaking and writing at a more advanced level with this easy trick! You'll improve your job prospects, get higher grades, and sound smarter altogether. In this video, I'll show you how to use compound adjectives. These are adjectives built of more than one word. You'll see common examples that you can use, and learn how to write them correctly. I'll also teach you how to avoid a common error that many English learners make, so that you can write correctly and confidently. Impress your friends, co-workers, and teachers by using compound adjectives. Want to practice what you've learned? Do the exercises at https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-hack-compound-adjectives/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is a vocabulary hack. What does that mean? It means that this lesson will allow you to learn something to do with vocabulary very quickly, and also will enable you to improve your vocabulary tremendously with just this one little trick. Okay? Now, what does it have to do with? It has to do with something called "Compound Adjectives". Now, that doesn't sound very exciting, but it is actually really exciting. Let me show you what it is and how to do it. Okay? How to use it. So, first of all, what's an adjective? An adjective is a word that describes, usually, a noun. For example, if we say: "He is a tall man", "tall" describes the man, so "tall" is the adjective. "It's a sunny day", "sunny" is the adjective. Right? "We had a big party", "big" is the adjective. So that's an adjective by itself. Now, what does the word "compound" mean? "Compound" means more than one. So when we have compound adjectives we have two or more words that are used together, but kind of as one unit, to describe a noun. All right? Let's see how it works. Now, for example, before I show you this, let me give you two sentences. So sometimes people write like this or speak like this: "Tom Cruise is an actor. He is well-known." Now, these are two simple sentences, but it's kind of a very basic way to speak. So if you want to speak more formally, or more academically, or more professionally, then you could take those two sentences and make them into one sentence. For example, you could say... Instead of saying that: "Tom Cruise is an actor. He is well-known", you could say: "Tom Cruise is a well-known actor." Now, when we use "well-known" like this, we have to hyphenate it. We put that little dash in the middle, that's called a hyphen, and then this becomes a compound adjective which describes the word "actor". Let's take another example: "We decided to go to New York at the last minute." Okay? Or I could say: "We made a last-minute decision to go to New York." Now, the second way is a little bit higher English, more advanced English. All right? "Last-minute" in this case is the compound adjective, which remember is connected with a dash or a hyphen. The third example: "They live in a country where people speak English." We could say that, but it is better and more advanced to say: "They live in an English-speaking country.", "English-speaking" is the compound adjective. All right. The last one here, okay: "The city had so much rain that it broke all previous records." Okay? Or we could say: "The city had" or "The city received record-breaking rainfall." Okay? So, again, "record-breaking" is the compound adjective here. All right. Now, just to show you how important it is for you not to forget the hyphen, let's look at these two sentences. Now, the first one says: "I saw a man eating tiger." Now, what does that mean? Well, let's see if there's any difference between that one and the second one. "I saw a man-eating tiger." Any difference? All right, so there is a difference, there is a big difference, especially for the man. All right. "I saw a man", so this is like the man, and he was eating tiger. He was eating some tiger meat. Okay? The man was eating the tiger. But in this one: "I saw a man-eating tiger", "man-eating" is an adjective which describes the tiger. That means the tiger is the kind of tiger that eats people, and that's called man-eating. So, the meaning is completely different when you add the hyphen, so don't forget to add that. All right. Now, this is another very important thing to remember when you're doing... Or using compound adjectives, and that's when you use compound adjectives that have numbers. This is such a common mistake, even at advanced levels. But now that you're watching this video, you have a chance to get rid of this mistake forever. And if you don't make this mistake, you will get a much higher score-I assure you-on your... Any exam and also when you apply for a job, or when you're looking for a promotion because this is a very sophisticated thing to correct. It's an advanced correction, but it's a really easy correction, and that's why this is a vocabulary hack. Remember? Okay.
IELTS General: Writing Task 1 – 14 Top Tips! IELTS General: Writing Task 1 – 14 Top Tips!
3 years ago En
I've trained thousands of students for success on their IELTS exam by using these 14 tips! Now it's your turn. You'll learn what you MUST do to get the highest score on your IELTS General Writing Task 1. Find out how to easily identify the type and purpose of each letter, and how to start and end your letter perfectly. Learn to save time and effort by using standard expressions. Understand the scoring criteria, so you know exactly what to do and what NOT to do. Visit http://www.GoodLuckIELTS.com for a free guide to the IELTS, and download my free resource at https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-task-1-letter-writing/ with sample letters, sample topics, key expressions, tips, and much more. Good luck! Take the quiz on this lesson: https://www.engvid.com/ielts-general-writing-task-1/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. If you need to do the IELTS general exam, I'm sure it's for a very important reason. Perhaps you're trying to immigrate to another country, or get admission to a college program, or join a professional training program. Whatever your reason, I know you want to get the highest marks possible. Right? Of course. So I'm going to help you to do exactly that in one particular area of the exam, and that's in your writing section. Now, in the writing section there are two parts, one is a letter and one is an essay. In this lesson we will focus on how you can get the highest marks possible in the letter-writing section. Okay? The 14 tips that I'm going to give you I promise you, if you apply each one of these things, step by step you're going to get more and more marks. Okay? So stick with me and we will go through them. Let's get started. So, the first thing you have to identify when you read the letter-writing task is: What type of letter am I being asked to write? Is it a formal letter, is it a semi-formal letter, or is it an informal letter? Well, how do you know that? Well, you can know it in a few ways and I'm going to explain them, but one of the ways that you can know it is to look at the second point that you need to understand, is to identify the purpose of the letter because some purposes are more formal than other purposes. All right? For example, some formal letters might ask you to request information; or apply for a job; or complain about a product or a service, maybe to an airline, maybe to a store, something like that; or to make a suggestion or a recommendation. All right? To a shopping mall, to a restaurant, something like that. These are more formal situations. These are when we are writing to people or companies that we don't know. All right? That's the clue: You don't have anybody's name, you just have the name of the company. All right. Semi-formal letters might include things like this: Complaining to a landlord; or explaining something, a problem or a situation to a neighbour; or asking a professor for permission to miss an exam or to submit your assignment late. Whatever it is. Okay? The details vary. Doesn't matter. And here, what's...? What identifies the semi-formal? The semi-formal we know it's still a kind of a formal situation, but here we usually do know somebody's name. You would know the name of your landlord, or your professor, or your neighbour, for example. Right? So that means something in terms of the way that you write the letter, the language, the tone, the style. All of this is affected by whether it's formal, semi-formal, or informal. And I'll explain more to you as we go along. Now, examples of informal letters might be where you're being asked to invite a friend, or thank a friend, or apologize to a friend, or ask for advice from someone that you know. Okay? Here what's important is that you really know this person well and you're probably going to call them by first name. So I'm going to explain exactly how all of this translates into the next step, which is how you begin your letter. So the first step was to identify the type of letter. Second step, the purpose. Now the third step is to open and close the letter correctly. Once you've done steps one and two, you will know how to do this step. Because if it's a formal letter then you start with: "Dear Sir" or "Madam", and you end with: "Yours faithfully". Okay? That's how it is. If it's a semi-formal letter, you will start with something like: "Dear Mr. Brown" or "Dear Ms. Stone" or "Mrs. Stone". "Ms." Is when you don't know if a woman is married or not, or if she's just a modern woman. And you end the semi-formal letter with something like: "Yours sincerely". Okay? What we're trying to do is to match up the formality of the situation with these terms that we're using. Okay? The opening and closing salutations they're called, these are called. All right? Next is the informal one.
Learn English Prepositions: TO or AT? Learn English Prepositions: TO or AT?
3 years ago En
Do you arrive "to" the airport or "at" the airport? Do you fly "to" London or fly "at" London? In this lesson, I will teach you an easy way to know which preposition to use when. I'll explain which word refers to movement and which one refers to location. Watch this lesson so you can be sure – today and always! https://www.engvid.com/learn-english-prepositions-to-or-at/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn the difference between two commonly confused prepositions, which are "to" and "at". So, the thing to remember is that "to" always suggests movement or direction. All right? "To" with movement, you're going to someone, to someplace, or towards something. So, "to" is movement or direction, and "at" suggests a location in place or time. So, "to" something, but "at" somewhere. "To" something, "at" somewhere. Do you see the difference? "To", there's movement. "At", you've already arrived. Okay? So: "to" and "at". If you use those gestures it may help you to think through it while you're choosing which preposition to use. So, let's look at some examples. So, as again... As I said, again, we use "to" for movement or direction towards a person, a place, or a thing. For example: "I talked to him.", "We went to school.", "She walked to her car." A person, a place, a thing. Movement, "to". Okay? All right, here are some other common verbs. There are lots and lots of verbs that we can use with this preposition "to", which implies movement. These are some examples. You go to someplace, you go to school. You go to the university. You go to work. You run to something. You fly to London. You return to somewhere. Okay? Or you can also use lots of verbs with "to" plus a person. You explain something to someone, send a letter to someone, read it to someone, write to someone, or speak to someone. There's a direction. Right? Whether you're speaking, or writing, or walking, or running - "to" is always movement and direction. Good. Now, "at" is steady. Whereas "to" is moving, "at" is very steady. "At" stays in one place, "at" is location, location and place, location and time. For example: "We arrived"-where?-"at the airport." We drove to the airport, and then we arrived at the airport. All right? So: "We arrived at the airport." Or: "Wake me up at 6:00." So, again, it's a location or a place in time, or a physical place. All right? Got it? Now, here are some other examples of verbs that you can use with "at", but again, there are lots and lots of verbs. So what's really important is not to learn the verbs, but to learn how these prepositions are used and what exactly they mean. But here are some examples. We stayed at the hotel, for example. I live at... I work at... I eat at this restaurant. I shop at the mall. Okay? So, "at" plus place or sometimes "at" plus time. Call me at 5:00. Let's meet at noon. Let's start at 10:00. Okay? So we have "at", location. Okay? Arrival, and "to" is always movement or direction. Got that? Now let's do a little quiz to make sure that you really got it. All right, now let's do the quiz. Now remember: "to" indicates movement and "at" indicates location or arrival. So, here we go. "We stayed _______ home." "at home" or "We stayed to home"? "We stayed"... In all of these cases you have to choose between "to" and "at". "We stayed at home." Okay? Stay somewhere. "I spoke _______ Jack." "to Jack", "I spoke at Jack"? What do we say? "I spoke to". The direction of your speech is towards Jack. Next: "She went _______ the bank." "to the bank" or "at the bank"? "She went", so "went" is movement. Right? Think of the verb. The verb is talking about movement. "She went to the bank." Next: "I bought this keychain _______ the gift shop." "to the gift shop" or "at the gift shop"? So here the answer would be "at". Very good. Next... The next one: "Meet me _______ the coffee shop." "Meet me to the coffee shop", "at the coffee shop"? What do we say? "Meet me at", right? Because it's a place. Next: "The movie starts _______ 4:00." "to 4:00", "at 4:00"? Which one is right? "The movie starts at", okay? We always use "at" for very specific times. Next: "We flew _______ Amsterdam." What do we say? "We flew..." Flew, movement. Right? Flying is movement. "to Amsterdam", very good. "I sent a card _______ my Mom." Sending, is it movement? Yes. Sending implies movement, so for movement we have to say: "I sent a card to my Mom." Okay. "She read a story _______ her son." When you're reading, the activity is directed towards someone, so: "She read a story to her son." And the last one: "John studied _______ the library." So, where was he? Was he in one place or was he moving? He was in one place, one location. All right? So we can say: "John studied at the library." Okay? I hope that my little demonstrations helped you to understand the meaning of "to" as well as "at". All right? If you'd like to do some more practice, please go to our website, www.engvid.com.
Speak English Naturally: My pronunciation secret for difficult words Speak English Naturally: My pronunciation secret for difficult words
3 years ago En
Learn the important pronunciation technique called BACKCHAINING, used by actors, singers, and public speakers to sound more natural and authentic in any language. Backchaining will retrain your ears to hear and your mouth to pronounce English words more easily and successfully. It is especially useful for those long, difficult English words, but it is also helpful with any word you are struggling with. Most English teachers do not have time to teach you this simple strategy, but you can apply it immediately after watching this lesson. Famous language courses are based on this powerful pronunciation technique; watch, listen, and solve your pronunciation problems today! https://www.engvid.com/speak-english-naturally-backchaining/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you're going to learn a pronunciation secret that will help you to say English words more easily and correctly, especially long, difficult ones. Okay? Now, this is actually a professional technique that's used by actors, and singers, and linguists, and lots of people who have learned many different languages and want to or need to pronounce words correctly and authentically. Okay? Now, the reason why pronunciation is difficult for everyone when you're learning a new language is because when we grow up speaking our native language, we get used to... Our ears get used to hearing certain sounds, and our mouths get used to making certain sounds. And when we learn a new language, like English, then you have to train both your ear and your mouth to work a little bit differently. Okay? Now, the other part is because English is not phonetic, it's not completely phonetic. A large part of it is. Some people say about 80 to 85% is phonetic, but a lot of it is not phonetic. What does that mean? That means when we see a word, the way we say it is not the way it looks. Right? So, there's also that factor to take into account. But this technique can help you with both of these difficulties. Okay? So, first let's look at what we normally do when you're learning how to pronounce a word. Okay? So normally what we do is we do something called frontchaining, and I'm going to explain to you exactly what that is, but what I'm going to teach you in this lesson, the secret is something called backchaining, and that's what we will practice. Now, let's take our first example and do what people normally do, even teachers, even ESL teachers. All right? When they're teaching classrooms, they don't normally spend that much time on pronunciation because they don't have time. There's so much to teach and the class is so big, there's so many students it's difficult to spend time on pronunciation. So naturally, people have a harder time learning that and mastering that. And if you think about it, when a child is born and when a child is growing up, it doesn't learn to read first, it just learns by listening. So this is an opportunity to listen afresh, like new in a different way to words so that you can reproduce the correct sound, the correct pronunciation. Okay? So let's take our first example, and our first example is the word "pronunciation". Okay? Because by the way, a lot of people do not say this word correctly. Now, let's do it in the standard way, frontchaining, and see what happens. So in frontchaining, we start pronouncing or saying the word from the front and going forward. So if I did that, if I was teaching you how to say this word by using frontchaining, I would say to you: "You need to say it like this: pro-nun-ci-a-tion." Okay? I've divided up here just to make it a little bit easier for you to see and hear the syllables. Okay? This long word happens to have five parts, five syllables. Right? So it's quite long. Pronunciation. So when a student hears that, they're like: "Oh my god, I have to learn so many different sounds", and it's a little bit scary because there are five sounds, you know, that have to follow. So, what happens when you feel scared or nervous about something? Your brain shuts down. You don't learn as effectively. You don't learn as well as when you're happy and relaxed. So the advantage of learning in... Through the other system, the other technique called backchaining is that you feel much more relaxed because when we did it from the front we had to learn one, two, three, four, five different sounds. But look what happens when we use backchaining. So, backchaining is a technique that teaches you how to pronounce words starting from the end. So let's do that now and see what happens. So let's just take this last syllable, and we can say: "tion". So all you have to learn right now is the word "tion". Not word, part of the word. Next: "ation". You can repeat it after me. "ation, ciation, ciation, nunciation, nunciation". And last: "pronunciation, pronunciation".
Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners
3 years ago En
Should you use "affect" or "effect"? "Advise" or "advice"? "Emigrate" or "immigrate"? Not sure? In this lesson, I will explain the differences between ten commonly confused English words. This is a quick way to improve your English immediately and get higher marks on your IELTS, TOEFL, or TOEIC. Learn what's right and what's wrong, and upgrade your English! RELATED VIDEOS Succeed, Success, Successful: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCoTL16EaUA Affect or Effect: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwKPJfYpjA0 Advice or Advise: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCbAx9pZU7k Choice and Choose: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGfRMRwAJMU Immigrate or Emigrate: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uicRkouflCE Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/top-10-most-confusing-words-for-advanced-english-learners/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. There are really only two ways to improve your English: Go forward and learn what's right, and go back and correct what's wrong. In this lesson we're going to do a little bit of both. We're going to look at 10 confusing words and see if you know the difference. Sometimes it's a different word form, sometimes it's actually a different verb altogether, or a different word. So, let's look at these. They are confused very often, so stick with me and you'll understand the difference. Let's get started. The first one: "How can I succeed?" or "How can I success?" So obviously the pair we're talking about here is "succeed" and "success". So, what is correct in number one? "How can I succeed?" or "How can I success?" The answer is: "succeed". Okay? All right. Number two: "How can I achieve succeed?" or "How can I achieve success?" What's the right answer? Do you know? I hope so. It is: "How can I achieve success?" All right? So, what happened here? Well, "succeed" is the verb. All right? And "success" is the noun. That's a really important difference. Thousands and thousands of students, probably millions make a mistake with these two words. So make sure you are not one of those. All right? Let's go on. Number three: "Smoking affected her health." or "Smoking effected her health." All right? I hope you can hear the difference in pronunciation and also in spelling. So, what's the correct answer here? "Smoking affected her health." or "...effected her health."? It should be: "Smoking affected her health." Very good. And number four: "Smoking had a bad affect on her." or "Smoking had a bad effect on her."? What's the difference? Well, it should be: "Smoking had a bad effect on her." So the two words we were looking at here were "affect" and "effect". And which one is the verb? "Affect" is the verb and "effect" is a noun. All right? Good. Number five: "Could you give me some advise?" or "Could you give me some advice?" What's the correct word there? "Could you give me some advice?" Okay? Good. And number six: "Could you advise me?" or "Could you advice me?" Which is correct? It should be: "Could you advise me?" Two words here: "advise" and "advice". "Advise" is the verb, and "advice" is the noun. Now, also, "advice" is a non-count noun, so we cannot say: "advices". All right? Sometimes people say: "advice", but then they make it "advices". That's not correct. You can't say that. So, "advise" which is spelt with an "s" but sounds like a "z", and "advice" which is the noun. Now, don't worry. If you got any of these wrong we have actually detailed lessons on each of these points which I will refer you to afterwards. Okay? Stick with me. Number seven: "We will choice the new Prime Minister (PM)." or "We will choose the new Prime Minister."? What do you think it should be? "We will choose the new Prime Minister." Okay? Good. "He was our first choice." or "He was our first choose." Which one is it? Can you tell? "He was our first choice." Okay? So, here again, "choose" is the verb and "choice" is the noun. Okay? We made a choice, but we chose him. "Choose" in the past becomes "chose". All right? "Choose", "chose", "choice", you have to work with them-all right?-to really master those words. And the last one: "They emigrated to Canada." or "They immigrated to Canada."? Which one is it? This one is confused a lot, and actually one of our other engVid teachers, Emma, has done a great one on this one. So if you're confused, I'm going to tell you where you can find her lesson, too. So: "They emigrated to Canada." or "They immigrated to Canada."? Well, it should be: "They immigrated to Canada." Okay? And number 10: "They emigrated from Mexico." or "They immigrated from Mexico."? Okay? This time you have both verbs. Right? So if that was "immigrated", this one is actually "emigrated". "They emigrated from Mexico." Now, here, it's not a question. They're both verbs. Okay? "Emigrate" is a verb and "immigrate" is a verb, but what's the difference? You see that you immigrate to a place, but you emigrate from somewhere else. All right?
Learn 10 Easy 3-Word Questions in English Learn 10 Easy 3-Word Questions in English
3 years ago En
"What's the catch?" "Care for another?" "Have you met?" Improve your English conversation skills easily and quickly using these ten short questions. Once you start to use these in your speech, you will sound more like a native speaker, because they are all so commonly used. Since they are short, they are easy to learn too! We use these questions at home, at work, and in social situations. If you have been in an English speaking country or watch English television, you've probably already heard these questions, but you might not understand what they mean. I'll explain each expression, give you examples of how they are used, and let you practice them in a short exercise with me. I believe that by the end of this short video, you'll be able to use these standard questions yourself. Have fun learning these and good luck with your English learning! Take a quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/learn-10-easy-3-word-questions-in-english/ If you're interested in another short and easy lesson, you can check out my video on 2-word expressions in English here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxDs7lrNVDY TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and in this lesson you're going to learn 10 easy questions that you can use in all kinds of everyday situations. Now, they are really easy so they will not only help you to understand what people are saying, but you can also start to use them yourself. Why? Because all these questions have only three words. All right? And I think, and I know, and I believe that you can learn them. Okay? So let's look at what they are. Let's go. Number one: "What's the matter?" Okay? If someone says: "What's the matter?" it means: "What's the problem? What's...? What's wrong?" Okay? Now, don't look on this side. This is not the answer, this is not the explanation. These we're going to use later when we do our quiz. So just listen to me to understand what the questions mean first of all. Okay? So: "What's the matter?" means: "What's the problem? What's wrong?" Number two: "Do you mind?" Now, when do we say: "Do you mind?" What does that mean? "Do you mind?" "Do you mind?" means: "Do you have any objection? Do you have any...? Do you not agree with me for some reason? Do you not accept what I'm about to do?" "Do you mind?" means: "Do you have any problem with what I'm going to do, or say?" or something like that. Okay? "Do you mind?" Number three: "Have you heard?" Now, some of these are full grammatical questions. Okay? For example: "What's the matter?" is completely and grammatically correct. Some of them that you'll see down here are actually just shortened versions of a fuller question, but because they're used so often people do shorten them. Okay? So keep that in mind also. So: "Have you heard?" If somebody just says: "Have you heard?" why would they say that? Have you heard what? So in what situation do we use this? Usually people will say: "Have you heard?" when there's some sort of big news. Now, it could be big news in terms of world news, it could be big news in terms of in your office, it could be big news in terms of your family. But whatever it is, it is considered by the person who's asking you this to be big news that you either probably have heard about and do know about, or should know about. Okay? So then the person asks you: "Have you heard?" And if you say: "No. Why? What? What are you talking about?" then they tell you. And if you do know, then you say: "Yes, I know, I heard." if it's bad news. Or: "Yes. I heard. She won the lottery. Wow." Okay? So it could be good news or bad news. Next... Of course the way they'll ask the question will vary. If they say: "Have you heard?" that's good news. They say: "Have you heard?" that's not so good news. Okay. The next one: "Care for another?" Again, this is one of those where we're shortening it. Okay? So: "Care for another?" Another what? Well, it depends on the situation. Usually we're talking about food or drink. So somebody might be saying: "Care for another drink?" "Care for" means: "Would you like? Do you want?" So: "Do you want another drink?", or "Do you want another piece of cake?", or "Do you want another dessert?", or "Do you want another slice of pizza?" So somebody might just say: "Care for another?" instead of saying: "Do you want another something?" Okay? And the last one here is: "Who is it?" Now, that sounds pretty straightforward, but in some languages we don't use... They don't use "it" so much. So when we're talking about: "Who is it?" are we talking about an animal or a thing? No. Because we said "Who", so we're talking about people. Usually this question we ask when let's say somebody knocks on the door, we say: "Who is it?" Okay? Or let's say you have a phone call and somebody else answers, and then you... You ask... They say: "You have a call", or "You have a phone call." And you say: "Who is it?" Okay? That means: "Who is calling?" or "Who is at the door?" Depends on the situation. All right.
Free consultation with IELTS & TOEFL Specialist Free consultation with IELTS & TOEFL Specialist
3 years ago En
Need to take IELTS, TOEFL, or TOEIC? Start here! This video is like a free consultation with an experienced exam advisor. I have over 30 years of English training experience and have helped thousands of students pass their exams, so I know what you need to focus on, and I know what can hold you back. In this video, I'll ask you questions that will help you: • decide WHICH English proficiency test is best for you • plan HOW MUCH TIME you need to prepare • budget for the COSTS of the exams I'll also share my secrets to succeeding on these English proficiency tests, and let you know what resources I recommend to start studying. By the end of this video, you'll know what to expect and be able to create your own plan for success. http://www.goodluckielts.com http://www.goodlucktoefl.com http://www.goodlucktoeic.com http://www.goodluckexams.com http://www.studyingstyle.com TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Have you just been told that you need to do an English proficiency exam, such as the IELTS or the TOEFL or the TOEIC, or are you in the middle of preparing for one of these exams or some other English proficiency exam? If so, please watch this lesson because I think it can really help you. What I'm going to do here is I'm going to go over some of the very important questions that you need to be asking yourself in order to prepare very well and very effectively for this exam. And it's much more than just studying English. All right? So, what am I going to cover here? I'm going to cover four different areas. First the basics of: What are the things you need to know about the test? The logistics, or the planning that you're going to have to do in order to be very successful. The progress, how to measure it, how to tell, how to actually make progress towards your goal. And last of all, what can you do, what else can you do to really achieve great success? And that is a lot more than just doing English or just studying English, or improving your English. Now, a lot of this knowledge has come to me because besides being a trainer on engVid, I have also owned and managed a language school for many years and I had a lot of students come into my office and sit down, and tell me that they had been told that they needed to do the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or that they needed to do an exam and they weren't sure which one, and their friends said do this, and another friend said do that. And they were really confused and they didn't know what are the various things that they had to think about. And so, through the years I've developed a lot of experience in advising and counselling students to prepare very well for this task, which is not an easy task but it's also a really important task because these... These exams matter a lot to your life. Okay? So let's get started. So let's start with the basics. Number one: Which exam do you need to do? Now, sometimes you have a choice and sometimes you don't have a choice, but if you do have a choice, please check because there are so many different exams; the IELTS, the TOEFL, the TOEIC, and so many others today. And sometimes students have heard of, let's say the IELTS, but they haven't heard of another exam, but perhaps that is one of the options and that's an important, very important question for you to answer. I had a student, for example, in our school who was preparing for the IELTS and he was having a tough time with it, and he didn't do really well because he was starting at a lower level. And so later it came out that he could have actually prepared for the TOEIC exam, which is much easier. And so I told him, like: "Why don't you just switch to that exam?" and then he passed right away because that's where he was and he had a limited amount of time to prepare. So, it is really important to check: What are the possible exams you could do to satisfy the requirement of your university or your professional certification, body, or whatever reason it is that you're doing this exam? Okay? So make sure you know that. Now, the second point then becomes let's suppose that you do have to do the IELTS exam. So the IELTS, for example, has different versions; it has an academic version and a general version. Usually the academic one is if you're trying to get into university because they need you to have higher level English. And the general one is for, for example, immigration to a country. So make sure you know and make sure you don't waste time studying for the wrong exam because each one is quite different. Now, which area does your exam cover? So, for example, with IELTS academic, obviously it's going to be more academic subjects. If it's general, what kind of topics do they have there? If it's the TOEIC exam, that area is going to be business because TOEIC is an exam that covers business English, not really general English.
English Grammar: The Past Tense of HAVE English Grammar: The Past Tense of HAVE
3 years ago En
A basic, important grammar lesson for anyone learning English! Do we say “he didn’t have” or “he didn’t has”? If you are not sure of the correct form of the verb, this lesson is for you. It's a good idea to solidify basic, essential grammar concepts. In this lesson, I will teach you how to use the past tense of the commonly confused verb “to have” in affirmative, negative, and question forms. Practice with me and master this important verb! After watching, take the opportunity to practice what you've learned by doing the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-past-tense-of-have/ . No more embarrassing mistakes for you! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this is a lesson for English learners of all levels, so whether you're a beginner, intermediate, advanced, or somewhere in between, this lesson I believe will help you. Why? Because in this lesson I'm going to review the verb "to have" in the past tense. Now, as you probably know because you've been speaking English, the verb "to have" is a very important verb for two reasons. First of all, we use it by itself for lots and lots of things. And secondly, because we also use it not only by itself, but as a helping verb with some of the advanced tenses. Right? With the perfect tenses. But we're not going to go into that. We're just focusing here on how to use the verb "to have" in the past tense, because this is also something where a lot of students make mistakes, but not you after just a few minutes. So, let's get started. Okay. So, what is important here is that actually in English the past tense becomes very easy, and a lot easier than many other languages. Why? Because with whatever subject we have you have to use only one verb. You don't have to change the verb based on the subject. So, in the past tense... Remember this is not the present tense. In the past tense the verb "to have" becomes "had". Okay? Say it after me: "had". Good. So in other words, I'm going to give you a very simple sentence. Okay? Because we're going to say it very often. So let's keep it simple. Always keep it simple when you're trying to learn one point; don't mix it up with lots of other points. Don't put hard vocabulary. Okay? So: "I had fun.", "You had fun.", "We had fun.", "They had fun.", "He had fun.", "She had fun.", and "It (the cat/the dog) had fun." Okay? All right. Now, so you see how simple it is? What you have to learn is that the verb "have" in a positive sentence becomes "had". And we can use "had" with every subject. All right? Now, what happens when we make it negative? This is where some students get a little bit confused because they remember this, and then they try to put this here, but that's not the case. What happens when we make a negative sentence and when we make a question is that we come back to the base form of the verb. What's the base form of our verb? "To have", right? So if you want to make a negative sentence, then we simply say: "I didn't have fun.", "You didn't have fun.", "We didn't have fun.", "They didn't have fun." You see? It's basically staying the same, but we're using "have". We're not using "had" anymore. Okay? "He didn't have fun.", "She didn't have fun.", "It didn't have fun." Okay? We'll just pretend there's an it. So what's important is this "have". All right? Come back to the base form of the verb, but not here. Now, the same thing will happen when we have a question. We're going to come back to the base form of our verb. So it's quite simple then. "Did I have fun?" I don't know. I think so. "Did you have fun?", "Did we have fun?", "Did they have fun?", "Did he have fun?", "Did she have fun?", "Did it have fun?" Okay? All right. Now, that's basically it. It's not more complicated than that. Remember that in the positive sentences we use "had", and after that come back to the base form, but use "did" or "didn't". Now, just to review, this "didn't have" stands for "did not". Okay? But usually in conversation we don't say: "He did not have fun." We just say: "He didn't have fun." That's the contraction, the short form. And here we can use the word "did" and that's what we usually use, and it's important to use it. We can't just say: "You have fun?" That would be wrong. Okay? So remember to put "did" in there. You could also, by the way, ask a negative question. So you could say: "Didn't you have fun? I thought you would love that movie." Okay? So you could ask a negative question. But if that's confusing to you, don't worry about it. Okay? You don't have to do it. And the other thing to remember is that when we add a question word, we still keep this order. What do I mean? For example: "When did they...?" Okay? "When did they have the meeting?" Okay? "Where did they have the meeting?" Right? So whether it's saying: "When? Where? Who did they meet?"-right?-we're still keeping this construction. We're just adding a question word before that.
Discover your unique LEARNING STYLE: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic Discover your unique LEARNING STYLE: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic
3 years ago En
Did you know that everyone learns differently? In fact, there are three main learning styles among students: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. You may be more comfortable with one or a combination of these learning styles. Do you know what kind of learner you are? In this lesson, you will find out how to learn anything more quickly, easily, and effectively, including English! Take charge of your success in your personal, academic, and professional life. This is an essential lesson for students, parents, teachers, and adults in all fields. For more free information about learning styles and how to learn more effectively, go to https://www.studyingstyle.com . Take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/discover-your-unique-learning-style-visual-auditory-kinesthetic/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. My name's Rebecca, and in this lesson I'm going to explain to you about something called learning styles. This lesson is good not only for English learners for whom I usually make lessons, but also for anyone in general who's trying to learn more effectively. Now, the thing to remember is that not everybody learns in the same way. I have a particular way of learning, you have a way of learning, so does your brother, your friend, your cousin. Okay? So what's important when you're trying to learn is to discover: What is your learning style? And that's what this lesson will show. All right? Let's go to the board. There are three main learning styles. About 60% of the population are visual learners, about 30% of the population are auditory learners, and about 10% are kinesthetic learners. Okay? And as I read through the characteristics, you'll probably be able to identify who you are and what kind of way you learn best because you will recognize what you enjoy doing, and what you enjoy doing tells you what kind of learner you are and what kind of a learning style you have. Okay? So, the visual learner, of course, enjoys learning by seeing; auditory by hearing; and the kinesthetic by actually doing something. I'll explain what that means. So, visual learner will enjoy reading information from books, and the internet, and so on; auditory will enjoy talking and hearing lectures; and the kinesthetic person will enjoy participating in experiences. All right? Visual learner will also enjoy diagrams, pictures, maps. You enjoy writing things down on pen and paper in order to really understand them and remember them. Okay? Or into the computer, but you need to see it written down somewhere. You don't feel like you've actually understood until you've written it down. That's how I actually learn. And also enjoy reading the news. All right? An auditory person, as I said, enjoys lectures, music, they enjoy hearing instructions, receiving verbal instructions. This person will need to read instructions before doing something or going somewhere, and this person will prefer to be told the instructions. Okay? They also enjoy participating in discussions, debates. They usually memorize well, and they also have been told... Maybe you've been told you have an ear for languages. If you have an ear for languages that means you are probably an auditory learner. And you probably enjoy listening to the news versus reading the news. All right? The kinesthetic learner is in the minority, and usually has a harder time at school, college, university, because in those educational establishments you have to sit down-right?-when you're learning, supposedly. They don't give you a lot of space to move around, so that person is a little bit more challenged. They may have had a hard time going through school because of that. And so, let's look at what that person actually enjoys doing or how they enjoy learning. You enjoy participating in experiences, going on field trips, building a model of something in order to understand the concept, not just reading about it, and also moving. Okay? Doing things with the information. So, next I'll give you various strategies you can use if you are a visual learner, or an auditory learner, or a kinesthetic learner.
HAPPY NEW YEAR! What to say and do: expressions, customs, vocabulary 🎉 HAPPY NEW YEAR! What to say and do: expressions, customs, vocabulary 🎉
3 years ago En
Start the new year the right way by learning what people say and do around this time of year. I will teach you everything you need to know about New Year's Eve and New Year's Day! We will go over some vocabulary and expressions used during this special season, as well as explore some customs and traditions of English-speaking countries. After watching, you will be able to express your New Year's wishes to your friends and family in speaking and writing, and you'll even be able to send them a greeting card! If your New Year's resolution is to improve your English, you can start right here and now! TAKE THE QUIZ: http://www.engvid.com/happy-new-year-expressions-customs-vocabulary/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and today we're doing a special lesson on celebrating the New Year. So, let's get rid of these colourful decorations and get started. Okay, so first of all, I know there are all kinds of New Years. Right? There are religious New Years, there are national New Years, but in today's lesson we're going to focus on the New Year that starts on January 1st, which is considered the calendar New Year or the Western New Year, or the Gregorian calendar New Year. Okay? So, let's first understand the terms. All right? So, January 1st is considered New Year's Day. December 31st, the day before that and the year before that is considered New Year's Eve. Now, when we say "eve" it means the day before, the evening before, the day before. For example, if Christmas is on December 25th, Christmas Eve is December 24th. So when we have the word "eve", it's always the day before. Okay? All right. So, what I'm going to explain today is how we celebrate the New Year in many English-speaking countries, some of the customs and traditions that we follow, and also some of the things that we say. How do we wish people? How do you greet people? Right? And also some of the things... Special things that you do. All right. So, first let's talk about some of the things that people normally do on December 31st, which is the day when we actually start celebrating and then we go into the New Year. Okay? So, what do we do? We get all dressed up. It's usually a very fun time. It's a very fun time, it's a very special time. And it's also a very meaningful time because the New Year represents a fresh start, a new page, a new chapter in your life. Okay? A chance to do new things, to have new plans, and so on. So it's considered a very special time, people are usually very excited because we all like to have another chance at getting things right in our life, or improving ourselves or improving our life. And that's what New Year's represents to lots of people. So, this is what they do. Usually this is what we do. We dress up in our fancy clothes, many people. It's very, very popular to go to parties. Now, these parties can be of all kinds. You could have a small party at home with just your family and friends, you could have a medium-sized party where you go to a restaurant or a club and they are having a special kind of a celebration for the New Year, and maybe they have a lot of TVs on where they're watching New Year's celebrations in different parts of the world. Or you go... Could go to a large party which is outdoors, maybe it's in a City Hall. Lots of people from different parts of the city come there, they congregate, and they have concerts, music, and all kinds of fun things happening. Or the most famous party, one of the most famous parties and probably one of the largest parties in the whole world that takes place on New Year happens in New York City in Times Square. You might have watched it on television. There, that party, if we can call it that, has a million visitors and lots of other special traditions. There's a very famous thing that happens at midnight, there's a huge crystal ball, it weighs about 5,000 kilos and it's huge, and it's made of crystal, and in the last 10 seconds of the... Of New Year's Eve and going into New Year's Day, the crystal ball begins to drop and what we have is a countdown to the New Year. So everybody goes: "10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1", and then: "Happy New Year!" and all the craziness starts. Okay? So that's the biggest party that's probably happening anywhere in the world, which is in Times Square in New York. So, parties, very popular. It doesn't mean that if you don't have a party it's not the New Year. You can have a party by yourself and say: "You know what? I'm happy being by myself", but I'm just telling you what lots of people like to do. So usually we get together with our family and friends. We... As I said, when we go out we attend concerts, we listen to music, people are dancing and people are having fun, they're joking, they're laughing, they're being silly.
Learn 10 English Idioms about People at Work Learn 10 English Idioms about People at Work
3 years ago En
Who's the head honcho in your company? Who's the smart alec? Find out the meaning of 10 commonly used business idioms referring to people at work. Be careful, though... you might learn what people have been saying about you or your colleagues! Download the resource with even more workplace idioms: http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-english-phrases-idioms-to-describe-people-in-business/ Take the quiz on this lesson: http://www.engvid.com/10-english-idioms-people-at-work/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In today's lesson you'll have a chance to learn 10 expressions that are used to describe people at work. Now, these are quite commonly used expressions by native English speakers, so if you work in an English-speaking business environment then it's quite likely that you will hear some of these expressions. Okay? Let's get started. So, I've kind of divided them up for you. So, some of them are positive, some are negative, and some are neutral. What do I mean by that? It means: These people we are happy to meet, these people we are really not very happy to meet, and these people we just... Where it's okay, we're just using these expressions to describe them. Okay? We have no feelings, positive or negative. Okay. So let's look at the people we are happy to meet. So, the first one is a "whiz kid". What's a whiz kid? A "whiz kid" is a term that we use to describe usually a young person who's quite brilliant, very intelligent, very successful, very talented, and you know that he's on a path to a lot of success. So, often we talk about like a computer whiz kid, a young person who's got lots and lots of talent. You probably know people like that. Okay? So that's a whiz kid. Next. Next one is called an "eager beaver". An "eager beaver" is kind of a very hardworking, enthusiastic person. Maybe this person comes to work early and stays late, and they're always smiling and they're happy to do their work. That person is called an eager beaver. Now, I put that as a positive. Maybe some people don't like them, but generally speaking, people like them. Okay. The next one is an "angel investor". What's an angel investor? Well, if you have a startup company or a new company that you want to start, you would love to meet an angel investor because this "business angel", as they're also known as, is someone who's usually rich and they're like a sponsor and they put money into your business. They are ready to invest money into your ideas, into starting your company, and so on. So these are called "angel investors". So if you want to start a business, you're probably going to be very happy if you meet one of these people. Okay? Next, let's move over here to the people that we're usually not very happy to meet at work. The first one is called a "smart alec(k)". Who's a smart aleck? A "smart aleck" is somebody who thinks he or she knows everything. Have you ever met such a person? They are just so extra confident, and they tell you everything as if they know everything. And usually people aren't very happy to meet those kind of people too much. Okay? And they called them "smart alecks". Sometimes it's written: "alec" and sometimes "aleck", doesn't matter. Usually we don't write this word. We usually say it. Okay? "Oh, he's a smart aleck. He thinks he knows everything." Okay? That kind of thing. Next one: "rotten apple". So, what's a rotten apple? If you can imagine a bag of apples and in the middle there's one that's not good. "Rotten" means bad, spoiled. So what will happen to all the other apples around that bad apple? Well, after some time all of them will start to go bad a little faster. Right? So when we call someone a rotten apple we're trying to suggest that this person has some rather unpopular, not very honest, is kind of dishonest, he's bad, he's corrupt, and he's also influencing people around him, his colleagues or workers to think or act in the same way. So this person is usually quite a troublemaker as far as the organization is concerned. Okay? So that's a rotten apple, a person who is kind of corrupt and has bad ideas, and is also influencing people around him or her in a negative way. Okay? You might know some people like that. Okay, what's a "faster talker"? Well, it's not somebody who talks... Speaks very fast, no. When we say: "fast talker", we mean somebody who is very good at convincing people and persuading people, but he's not always... He or she is not always very honest or moral about it. He doesn't really care... This person doesn't really care if they're selling you something which is not good, or which is actually bad. They don't care. They may lie, they may present it as very good. They're very good at that, but they're not necessarily selling you something in your interest.
Top 10 Confusing English Verbs for Beginners Top 10 Confusing English Verbs for Beginners
3 years ago En
Take 10 minutes and master these 10 English verbs. Learn or teach? Do or make? Win or beat? Learn the difference between the most commonly confused verb pairs in English. This is an important lesson for beginners because these are basic verbs that you need to use in everyday conversations. I'll explain exactly how each word is used, with examples on the board. Take the quiz to make sure you remember how to use these words correctly: http://www.engvid.com/top-10-confusing-english-verbs-for-beginners/ Next, study my free resource page on when to use "do" and "make": http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/do-make-expressions/ Your English will improve tremendously by correcting these errors, so let's get started! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you will have a chance to understand 10 of the most confused verbs in English. Now, if you're a beginner student, then you have a chance to learn them right to begin with. If you're an intermediate level student, you might still want to review these verbs just to make sure that you're really using them properly. And if you are making mistakes, no worries, I'm going to explain them to you and also show you how to correct them. Okay? Here we go. The first set of words we have is "learn" or "teach". So, let me give you a sentence and you tell me what you think is right. What should we use here? Which verb? "Mrs. Cole learns us English" or "Mrs. Cole teaches us English"? Which is correct? If you had to think for more than one second about the answer, then I'm so glad you're watching. Okay? Because I'm going to give you this very important difference. I hope you said: "Mrs. Cole teaches us English." Okay. So, what's the difference between "learn" and "teach"? If you made a mistake, no problem. I'm going to explain it to you so you get it. So, "to learn" means to get knowledge or skills. All right? And "to teach" means to give knowledge or skills. So right now what are you doing? Are you giving knowledge or are you getting, are you receiving knowledge? I think you are receiving, so you are learning, you are getting. And I am giving, so I am teaching. I'm teaching, you're learning. Right? So, this is what it says here: "Teachers teach". Okay? That's also a big clue because the word "teacher" has the word "teach" in it, so: Teachers teach something, like I teach English. Teachers teach math, English, history, etc. Or teachers teach someone, they teach students, usually. Okay? And students learn something, like students learn English, or math, or history. And students learn from someone, usually a teacher. All right? So what are you doing right now? You're learning. What am I doing right now? I'm teaching. Good. Let's look at the next one. The next one: "bring" or "take". Let's look at this example. "Please bring this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor" or do we say: "Please take this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor"? Take a second to think about it. What did you say? "Bring this book to Mrs. Smith" or "Take this book to Mrs. Smith"? Well, the correct answer is: "Take this book to Mrs. Smith on the second floor." Why? Well, let's look. "To bring something" means to move it towards the person who's speaking, to the speaker. Okay? And "to take something" means to move something away from the speaker. All right? So I could say to you: Bring it to me or take it away from me. Got it? And even if somebody else is telling you that on the phone. Okay? So it doesn't matter where that person is. What matters is: Who is the speaker? Who is saying that sentence? So, for example, you could say to the waiter if you're in a restaurant: "Please bring me some water." Right? Towards you. Or you could say to the waiter or waitress: "Please take my plate away." So now you're taking the plate away from you. All right? Got that? Let's look at another set of words. Now, "borrow" or "lend". Let's look at an example. "My father borrowed me his car last night" or do we say: "My father lent me his car last night"? Which one is right? The sentence is in the past tense, so instead of "lend", we see "lent", but which is it? "My father", what should it be? "Lent me", "My father lent me his car." Let's understand why. Okay? In case you didn't get it right. And if you did get it right, let's be 100% sure why you got it right. Okay, so "to borrow something" means to take something temporarily, and with... And you expect to... You are expected to give it back. You plan to give it back. You're not taking it forever. You're just taking it temporarily. All right? For a little while. And "to lend" means to give something temporarily, and you also expect to get it back. For example, a person who lends is called a "lender". The person who borrows is called a "borrower". And "lend" we often... Most people are... Have heard of money lenders, right?
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