Learn English with Rebecca [engVid]
Do you want to improve your English? Do you want to feel more confident? Do you want these results as fast as possible? My English lessons, shortcuts, and tips can help you achieve your goals. You can upgrade your speaking, writing, listening, grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, business English, IELTS, TOEFL, and more. From 30+ years of experience, I choose the topics that English learners need to make the greatest improvement in the shortest time. You can save time, money, and effort by watching these free lessons. Click the SUBSCRIBE button now for improved English and greater success in your personal, academic, and professional life. If you want a fast, easy system to improve your English every day, get my online English course: https://10.bexenglish.com/courses/Correct-Your-English-Errors All the best!

153 videos
Learn English Tenses: PAST SIMPLE or PAST PERFECT? Learn English Tenses: PAST SIMPLE or PAST PERFECT?
4 days ago En
Learn the difference between the PAST PERFECT TENSE (“I had worked”) and the PAST SIMPLE TENSE (“I worked”) in this advanced English class. We’ll review when to use each tense, how to form it, and what common mistakes to avoid. We’ll also do practice exercises together, so you’ll know which tense to use in conversation, business situations, or on your IELTS or TOEFL. Afterwards, you can take the review quiz on engVid: https://www.engvid.com/past-simple-or-past-perfect/ Then, continue learning more advanced English verb tenses by watching the next lesson in the series, which is on the past perfect continuous tense. Congratulations – you’re doing so well! In this lesson: Past Simple or Past Perfect: Comparison 0:00 Past Simple & Past Perfect: How to use them 4:29 Past Simple or Past Perfect: Practice 8:46
Learn English Tenses: PAST PERFECT Learn English Tenses: PAST PERFECT
2 weeks ago En
Do you ever use the PAST PERFECT TENSE (“I had worked”)? Do you know this advanced tense can help you talk about the past in a special way? In this English grammar class, I’ll teach you when to use this tense, how to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. You will learn: structure, usage, pronunciation, spelling, contractions, questions, short answers, past participles, and irregular verbs. We’ll go forward systematically and practice together, so you understand fully. This class is part of the engVid program on ALL the English verb tenses, designed to take your English to a higher level for career growth or academic success on English exams like the IELTS or TOEFL. The next class in this series compares the past simple and past perfect tenses. Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/past-perfect/ In this lesson: Past Perfect: Overview 0:00 When to use the Past Perfect tense 4:07 How to use the Past Perfect tense 8:51 Past Perfect: Common Expressions 16:44 Past Perfect: Contractions 22:35 Past Perfect: Short Answers 27:51 Past Perfect: Spelling & Pronunciation 30:56 Past Perfect: Practice 36:50 Past Perfect: Common Errors 40:43 Past Perfect: Conclusion 45:40
3 weeks ago En
What does it mean when someone says: “I have been working”? This advanced tense is called the PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS or PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE. It shows that an action started in the past and continues into the present. In this English grammar class, I’ll teach you how to use this verb tense, when to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. We’ll focus on structure, usage, spelling, pronunciation, contractions, questions, short answers, stative verbs, and irregular verbs. We’ll move forward step-by-step and do practice exercises together, so you understand clearly. This class is part of my engVid series on English verb tenses. So join me now to master this tense, upgrade your academic and business English, or get a higher score on English exams like the IELTS. Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/present-perfect-continuous In this lesson: Present Perfect Continuous: Overview 0:00 When to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense 4:47 When not to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense 9:54 How to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense 12:52 Present Perfect Continuous: Contractions 18:35 Present Perfect Continuous: Spelling 24:03 Present Perfect Continuous: Short Answers 26:28 Present Perfect Continuous: Practice 28:34 Present Perfect Continuous: Common Errors 32:40 Present Perfect Continuous: Conclusion 35:38
Learn 7 easy English idioms for giving advice Learn 7 easy English idioms for giving advice
4 weeks ago En
Upgrade your English by learning how to give advice in English with these seven short and easy idioms. Understand the meaning of “save your breath”, “keep your chin up”, “give it your best shot”, and more. These idioms are used in conversation, on TV shows, and in the movies. Start using them today to sound more like a native speaker! Test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/7-easy-english-idioms-advice/ Watch next: How to express your opinion in English https://youtu.be/GnzXc66n0T0 Conversation Skills: the secret to success https://youtu.be/y1AAOhi_840
1 month ago En
What’s the difference between “I worked” and “I have worked”? In this easy English grammar class, we’ll review the PAST SIMPLE TENSE and the PRESENT PERFECT TENSE, so you know exactly when to use each. I’ll explain when to use each tense, how to form it, and what common mistakes to avoid. We’ll do practice exercises together, so you can use the right tense at the right time. This video is part of the engVid series on all the English verb tenses, from beginner to advanced levels. So join me and master these tenses to improve your general, business, or academic English, including for English exams like the IELTS and TOEFL. Test your understanding with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/present-perfect-or-past-simple/ In this lesson: Past Simple & Present Perfect: Comparison 0:00 Past Simple & Present Perfect: Comparison 2 6:10 Past Simple & Present Perfect: Questions 11:18 How to use Past Simple & Present Perfect 14:34 Past Simple & Present Perfect: Practice & Conclusion 19:40
Learn English Tenses: PRESENT PERFECT Learn English Tenses: PRESENT PERFECT
1 month ago En
It’s time to learn the PRESENT PERFECT. What does it mean to say “I have worked” or “I have understood”? Many students are confused by the PRESENT PERFECT TENSE, because it combines the past and the present. Yet this advanced verb tense can lead to success in a job interview or on your IELTS! In this complete English class, I’ll show you how to use this tense, when to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. You will move forward step-by-step, to master this tense by learning structure, usage, pronunciation, spelling, contractions, questions, short answers, past participles, regular verbs, and irregular verbs. Then, continue your progress through my complete English Tenses series by watching the next lesson, which compares the present perfect and past simple tenses. Introduction to Present Perfect 0:00 When to use the Present Perfect tense 5:19 Present Perfect: Common Expressions 9:42 When not to use the Present Perfect tense 15:19 How to use the Present Perfect tense: Regular Verbs 20:33 How to use the Present Perfect tense: Irregular Verbs 26:51 Present Perfect: Contractions 32:02 Present Perfect: Short Answers 37:27 Present Perfect: Practice 40:26 Present Perfect: Common Errors 46:12 Present Perfect: Conclusion 54:53 After the lesson, take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/present-perfect-tense/
Learn English Tenses: FUTURE CONTINUOUS Learn English Tenses: FUTURE CONTINUOUS
1 month ago En
The FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE (“I will be working”) is used often by native speakers, yet many English learners have never learned it. Now, you can master it! I’ll show you exactly when and how to use it. This is a full English class, where you will learn structure, usage, pronunciation, spelling, contractions, questions, short answers, stative verbs, and common errors. We’ll practice together, and move forward, step by step. After this lesson, you can take the review quiz on engVid at https://www.engvid.com/future-continuous/ . Then, when you’re ready, move on to the present perfect tense, the next class in my engVid series on all the English verb tenses. Congratulations on your amazing progress! In this class: Introduction to Future Continuous 0:00 When to use the Future Continuous tense 4:04 When not to use the Future Continuous tense 9:00 How to use the Future Continuous tense 12:22 Contractions with the Future Continuous tense 16:22 Future Continuous: Spelling issues 18:23 Future Continuous: Short Answers 20:54 Future Continuous: Practice 22:50 Common Errors with the Future Continuous tense 26:53 Future Continuous: Conclusion 31:47
COVID-19: Talking about coronavirus in English – vocabulary & expressions COVID-19: Talking about coronavirus in English – vocabulary & expressions
1 month ago En
Understand and learn to speak about COVID-19 in English. #LearnWithMe in this important session where I’ll explain the most common vocabulary related to the coronavirus. You’ll learn: nouns such as symptoms, outbreak, pandemic, transmission, and social distancing; verbs and expressions such as to ban gatherings, to protect the vulnerable, to restrict travel, and to flatten the curve; adjectives such as contagious, symptomatic, mandatory, and unprecedented. This lesson is for anyone who wants to follow the news and discuss this important topic more confidently in English. Test your understanding by taking the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/covid-19-coronavirus-vocabulary-expressions/ #LearnWithMe #WithMe #LearnAtHome #StayHome
Learn English Tenses: FUTURE – “will” or “going to”? Learn English Tenses: FUTURE – “will” or “going to”?
2 months ago En
Should you use “WILL” or “GOING TO” to talk about the future? In this lesson, I’ll explain the differences so you can understand easily when you should use “will” and when you should use “going to”. You’ll know which one to use for formal or informal situations and planned or unplanned activities. Together, we’ll review when to use them, how to use them, and what common mistakes to avoid. We’ll compare the two options and do practice exercises together, so you feel confident about your English grammar. This video is part of my engVid series on verb tenses. Follow our classes, step by step, and take your English from beginner to intermediate to advanced levels! The next class in the program is the future continuous tense. In this class: Future Tense: WILL or GOING TO? Overview 00:00 How to use WILL & GOING TO: Comparison 05:10 When to use WILL & GOING TO: Comparison 10:27 Using WILL & GOING TO in the same sentence 16:29 Practice: WILL or GOING TO? 19:20
Learn English Tenses: FUTURE with “GOING TO” & Present Continuous Learn English Tenses: FUTURE with “GOING TO” & Present Continuous
2 months ago En
How can you use “GOING TO” for the future? What about the PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE? In this English grammar class, I’ll explain when and how to use these two easy ways to talk about future events, activities, and plans. You will learn all about structure, usage, spelling, pronunciation, questions, short answers, contractions, regular verbs, stative verbs, common errors, and more. We’ll also do lots of practice together, so you feel really confident when speaking and writing. You can also take a review quiz on engVid at https://www.engvid.com/future-going-to-present-continuous . Remember: this video is part of the full engVid course on English verb tenses, covering beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The next class in the series compares “will” and “going to” for the future. In this class: Overview of Future with “going to” & Present Continuous 0:00 When to use Future with “going to” & Present Continuous 5:03 How to use the future tense with “going to” 10:01 How to use the present continuous tense for the future 13:34 Contractions, spelling, and pronunciation of future with “going to” & present continuous 17:30 Short answers using the Future with “going to” & Present Continuous 20:22 Practice: Future tense with “going to” & Present Continuous 23:01 Common Errors: Future with “going to” & Present Continuous 28:24 Conclusion: Future with “going to” & Present Continuous 33:12
Upgrade your English: 10 Advanced Business Expressions Upgrade your English: 10 Advanced Business Expressions
2 months ago En
Learn to think, speak, and write more professionally with ten advanced business English expressions. Upgrade your English by understanding the meaning of: a viable option, a stop-gap measure, a foregone conclusion, a moot point, a pressing issue, a fruitful discussion, and more. These high-level expressions are used in everyday conversations, meetings, and conferences. Learn them now, to participate fully in the discussion and advance your career. To take your professional English even further, watch my SLAM (Speak like a Manager) series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf Take the quiz on this lesson: https://www.engvid.com/10-advanced-business-expressions/
Learn English Tenses: FUTURE SIMPLE with “will” Learn English Tenses: FUTURE SIMPLE with “will”
3 months ago En
In this easy English class, you will learn to use “will’ and “won’t” to talk about the future. This is called the FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE in English. I’ll show you exactly how to use it, when to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. This one English grammar class covers everything you need: structure, usage, spelling, pronunciation, questions, short answers, and contractions. We’ll go step by step and practice it all together, so you feel relaxed and confident. This video is part of my complete engVid series on all the English verb tenses, to help you take your English from beginner to advanced levels. The next class in the program is on using “going to” and present continuous to talk about the future. In this video: Overview of Future Simple with "will" 00:00 When to use the future with "will" 04:04 How to use the future tense with "will" 08:27 Contractions, spelling, and pronunciation of the future tenses with "will" 15:14 Short answers using the future with "will" 18:43 Future with "will": Practice 21:01 Future with "will": Common Errors 25:28 Future with "will": Conclusion 31:07 Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/future-simple/
Learn English Tenses: PAST CONTINUOUS Learn English Tenses: PAST CONTINUOUS
3 months ago En
What tense is “I was working” or “They were going” in English? It’s the PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE. It’s also called the PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE. We use it to talk about something that started and continued in the past. In this English grammar class, I’ll show you how to use this basic tense, when to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. We’ll practice structure, usage, spelling, questions, contractions, short answers, stative verbs, and pronunciation, so you feel clear and confident. Then, to keep improving your English, watch my complete engVid series on ALL the English verb tenses, including beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The next class after this one is the future simple tense. In this class: Overview 0:00 When to use past continuous 3:25 When not to use past continuous 7:14 How to use past continuous 10:45 Past continuous contractions 14:33 Past continuous spelling 17:19 Past continuous short answers 20:00 Past continuous practice 22:49 Past continuous common errors 26:23 Past continuous conclusion 29:52 Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/past-continuous/
Stop saying “very good” & “very bad”: 8 expressions to use instead Stop saying “very good” & “very bad”: 8 expressions to use instead
3 months ago En
Do you use “very good” or “very bad” to describe everything? In this Speak like a Manager lesson, you’ll learn how to use 8 advanced expressions to sound more professional. Instead of saying “a big success”, you’ll say “a resounding success”. Instead of saying “a big failure”, you’ll say “an abject failure”, and many more. Watch this vocabulary lesson to upgrade your business English today. Watch the rest of my Speak like a Manager (SLAM) series: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUSxq7KoTsM&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf Make sure you understood the lesson by taking the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/stop-saying-very-good-very-bad/#quiz
Learn English Tenses: PAST SIMPLE Learn English Tenses: PAST SIMPLE
4 months ago En
We use the PAST SIMPLE TENSE every day in English! Can you use it correctly? Can you understand it clearly? Can you say “I worked” and “I went” confidently? In this relaxed English grammar class, you can master this very important tense. You’ll learn when to use it, how to use it, and what common mistakes to avoid. I’ll explain everything you need: usage, structure, pronunciation, spelling, questions, contractions, short answers, regular verbs, and irregular verbs. We’ll go step by step and practice together the past simple in a fun way, so you understand fully. Then, to continue your progress, make a plan and watch the complete engVid series on ALL the English verb tenses, from beginner to advanced levels. You can do it! In this class: Past simple overview 0:00 When to use past simple 02:31 How to use past simple: regular verbs 05:13 Past simple regular verbs: spelling 11:32 Past simple regular verbs: pronunciation 14:12 Past simple regular verbs: practice 18:07 How to use past simple: irregular verbs 22:06 Past simple irregular verbs: practice 26:13 Past simple short answers 31:56 Past simple common errors 33:46 Past simple conclusion 37:54 Take the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/past-simple-tense/
Learn English Tenses: Present Simple or Present Continuous? Learn English Tenses: Present Simple or Present Continuous?
4 months ago En
“I work” or “I am working”? In this easy English lesson, you will learn the difference between the PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (“I work”) and the PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) TENSE (“I am working”). Many students get confused, because these two tenses do not exist in all languages. Here, we’ll review when to use each tense, how to form it, and what common mistakes to avoid. We’ll do practice exercises together, so you can understand the differences clearly. Then, you can check what you’ve learned by taking the review quiz on engVid at https://www.engvid.com/present-simple-or-present-continuous/ . When you’re ready, move on to the past simple tense, the next class in my engVid series on English verb tenses. Keep taking your English to a higher level, step by step! In this lesson: 0:00 Overview 4:49 When to use present simple & present continuous 11:54 Stative Verbs 14:08 Practice: Correcting common errors 20:41 Practice
4 months ago En
Do you understand the PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PRESENT PROGRESSIVE) tense? Do you know when to use it and how to use it? Do you know why it’s right to say “I am working”, but wrong to say “I am knowing”? Join me in this easy, relaxed English grammar class and master this basic tense! You’ll learn everything you need: structure, usage, common errors, stative verbs, questions, spelling, contractions, short answers, and pronunciation. We’ll go step by step and do lots of practice exercises together. Then, to move forward from beginner to advanced levels, make a plan and watch the complete engVid series on ALL the English verb tenses, one easy step at a time: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZ95iyxBNdjxLNI1k8HnVcd In this lesson: 0:00 Overview & Comparison of Present Continuous & Present Simple 3:40 When to Use Present Continuous 8:42 When Not to Use Present Continuous 12:33 How to Use Present Continuous: TO BE 16:28 How to Use Present Continuous 19:13 Contractions with Present Continuous 23:56 Spelling of Present Continuous Verbs 26:39 Short Answers with Present Continuous 29:21 Present Continuous Practice 34:16 Common Errors with Present Continuous 41:13 Present Continuous Conclusion
Learn English Tenses: PRESENT SIMPLE Learn English Tenses: PRESENT SIMPLE
4 months ago En
In this easy English class, you will learn all about the PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE. I’ll teach you how to use it, when to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. This is a full, complete English grammar class for anyone who wants to communicate fluently. You will learn structure, usage, spelling, contractions, questions, and short answers. We’ll go step by step and practice together in a relaxed way. The present simple is one of the most basic tenses in English. However, it does not exist in every language, so it’s important to understand and use it correctly. This video is part of my engVid series on ALL the English verb tenses, from beginner to advanced levels. In this lesson: 0:00 Overview & Comparison of Present Simple & Present Continuous 5:26 When to Use Present Simple 11:04 How to Use Present Simple 19:14 Spelling of Present Simple Verbs 23:18 Short Answers with Present Simple 27:05 Common Errors with Present Simple 31:36 Present Simple Practice 34:52 Present Simple Conclusion
8 months ago En
Stative verbs can be confusing, but not after this lesson! I'll explain what they are, how to use them, and how not to use them. You'll learn the most common verbs that are ALWAYS stative, so there's no confusion in your mind. You'll master verbs like "love", "hate", "need", "know", "understand", "appreciate", "prefer", "realize", and more. Take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/stative-verbs-in-english/ . Then, download my free, full list of stative verbs for reference in the future: https://www.engvid.com/english-resources/stative-verbs-in-english/
8 months ago En
Did something happen “while our vacation” or “during our vacation”? Both “during” and “while” have similar meanings, but are used differently in English. Watch this English grammar lesson and learn an easy way to know which word to use and how to use it. Never confuse these two words again, and improve your spoken and written English. Once you've watched the video, take the quiz on this lesson here: https://www.engvid.com/during-or-while/ ‎
English Pronunciation: 1 Small Change, 100s of Corrections! English Pronunciation: 1 Small Change, 100s of Corrections!
9 months ago En
Did you know “on” is pronounced in three different ways? How do you pronounce London and Washington, online and onstage, son and onion? After watching this English pronunciation lesson, you’ll have the key to correctly saying hundreds of famous names, places, companies, and regular nouns – so that people understand you the first time. Then, master this pronunciation tip forever through lots of practice by downloading my free resource page with hundreds of examples: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/how-to-pronounce-the-on-sound-in-english/ This one small change will produce big results in your English fluency in social, academic, and business situations. A must for all English learners! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this pronunciation lesson, you're going to learn the many different ways in which we pronounce the letters "on" when they appear in words. Okay? The letters "on" appear at the beginning of words, sometimes in the middle, and very often at the end. And we're going to focus on how we pronounce those letters when they appear in these different positions. Okay? But first I want you to do a little pre-test to see how you're pronouncing them right now. Okay? And I am so excited about this lesson because I know that lots of people make some mistakes here, but maybe not you, so let's check. Okay? The first word I want you to say out loud, wherever you are, is this one. Okay? Next, say this word. Good. The third word. And the last word. Okay? All right. So, let's go back. Say the first word again. Okay? Now I'm going to say it. The word is "online". So, here, the letters "on" appeared at the beginning, and we pronounced it like the word itself: "on". Okay? So, we pronounced it here as "on". Okay? Probably you got that right. Most people do, because if you can pronounce the word "on", when "on" appears at the beginning, you're usually pronouncing it properly. All right. How did you pronounce this one? Say it again. Okay. Now I'll say it: "Amazon". So, what happened here? "Online", "Amazon". We're also pronouncing it pretty much like this. All right? So you probably got this right, and you probably got this right. "Amazon". Okay? But now say this one. Okay. So, what happened here to the letters "on"? This word is pronounced "son", like a son and daughter. Right? We write "on", but we don't say "on"; we say it like: "sun". Right? So, sometimes when "on" appears at the end of a word, it's pronounced "un", so many people get that wrong sometimes, but sometimes not. What about this one? "Washington". Okay? That's what you should say. You should say: "Washington". Listen again: "Washington", "tin". Am I saying "ton"? No. Am I saying: "tun"? No. Am I saying: "tin"? Yes. So, what's happening - that "on" gets connected here to the "t"-right?-and becomes shortened or reduced, and it sounds like this. Now, you're wondering: What is this? This letter in the International Phonetic Alphabet is called a schwa. And what a schwa is, it's a very quick, short sound; it's a reduced sound, and it sounds a little bit like: "uh", "uh". So, here, it becomes "un", "un"; not "ton", but "tin": "Washingtin". That's what you should be saying when you say the name of this place. Okay? And that is definitely an area where many students - maybe not you - many students make mistakes. And that's the main area of our focus in this lesson. We will be reviewing all of them, but especially this. Why? Because look at the many different situations in which we have "on" at the end of words; we have it in the names of people, like "Bill", what is it? "Clinton". Right. "George Harrison". Not: "Harrison"; "Harrisin". "Clin"... Not: "Clinton"; "Clintin". Okay? Good. Places: "Boston". Repeat after me: "Lisbon". Good. And many other words-okay?-that happen to end in "on", like: "reason"; not "reason" - "reasin". "Million". Now, here's a word that lots of people actually mispronounce. They tend to say: "million", because they're thinking of "on". It's not your fault, okay? You see "on", and so you think you should be pronouncing it like "on", but unfortunately at the end of words, it changes. That's why I'm here. Okay? To help you out. All right. We also have words that end in "on", but have "tion" endings or "sion" endings. Repeat after me: "action", "vision". Okay? All right. So, in the next few minutes you are going to master this. And if you make mistakes, you will not make a mistake again; and as a result, you will correct hundreds of words that actually fall into this category. Okay? And, in fact, afterwards I'm going to give you a resource which you can read and practice to really master this with lots and lots of words which follow these patterns. But first let's warm up a little bit by reviewing this part, and then we'll get to the last part. Okay? See you in a minute. Okay. So, now let's start with when the letters "on" are actually pronounced like "on". […]
How to say your email correctly in English + more How to say your email correctly in English + more
9 months ago En
Find out how to give, ask for, and talk about email and email addresses. It is because this topic seems so simple, that many people don’t bother to learn specifically how to talk about email in English. As a result, millions of people worldwide are making mistakes when giving this key information. How do you say @ in English? Speak like a global professional by learning the vocabulary and symbols of email, so clients, colleagues, and friends understand you easily – the first time. I’ll also show you how to spell your name and address using the NATO Phonetic Alphabet. This lesson is a must for greater international success in personal, cultural, academic, and professional situations. Make sure you understood everything by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/how-to-say-your-email-correctly/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you will find out if you are giving your email address properly in English, because in English we have certain terminology that we use when we describe an email address. All right? So, in this lesson you'll find out if you're doing that properly. Now, unfortunately, lots and lots of people around the world are not doing this properly because they're following the conventions in their country. Okay? And sometimes they're borrowing words from other languages, and so on, to give that. So, after this lesson, you will know exactly how to give your email address, how to ask somebody for their email address, and also some of the terminology that we use when we're talking about email. All right? So, let's get started. So, first of all, this word "email" is a new word. Right? So there's still a bit of disagreement around the world, even in the English-speaking world, about exactly how to use some of the detailed aspects of it. For example: Do we write "email" just like that? "Email" or do we write "e-mail"? Okay? There are all kinds of little arguments about how to do that, but let me tell you in general some of the things that most people are following so you will always be correct. So, first of all, email is used... The word "email" is used as a noun, a verb, and an adjective in English, generally speaking. Okay? Maybe some companies have a different policy, but I'm going to tell you generally what most people are doing today and how it's being used. So, for example, as a noun, we could say: "I sent you an email." All right? That's a noun. Or as a verb: "I'll email you." Now, some more formal companies frown upon that; they don't like using "email" as a verb. But again, most people when they're just speaking are using it that way. Next, as an adjective: "He has two email addresses." All right? So, here, "email" is being used as an adjective, so it can be used all three ways. All right? Next, we can use... Another controversial subject. We can use "email" in a singular format or plural. All right? And there are a lot of arguments about how exactly we can do that; but again, I'm going to tell you what most people are doing today. "This email is from Fred." Okay? One email. Now, some people say that we shouldn't say that and you should say: "This email message is from Fred." So, again, check if your company has any special rules regarding email communication and email terminology. Okay? They might, and in that case, of course, follow that so that you keep your job. All right? But otherwise, in general, follow what I am telling you and you will be fine. Next, plural: "These emails just arrived." Okay? So, again, this idea of putting the "s" is also something that people are arguing about, but most of the time people are saying "emails" when they're talking about more than one email message. Okay? All right. Now, something else that you need to be able to do... excuse me one second. All right. Is when you give your email address to someone, you need to be able to know how to spell your name and your email address, especially if you have an unusual name to someone who is a native-English speaker. All right? So, you have to be able to spell it in a very clear way. Let's suppose you're on a phone line and the phone line is really bad; people can't hear you very well. And even if they can hear you, they just don't recognize that name-okay?-or that word that you're saying, so you need to reference it in some way so that people don't make mistakes. Now, there is one way that you can use and you can learn, if you wish, it's called the NATO Phonetic Alphabet. Okay? That is a system that is in place-it's used all over the world by many organizations-and it's a system that gives a code. All right? So, for example: A is Alpha, B - Bravo, C - Charlie, D - Delta. Okay? So, sometimes... Also airlines use this and so on, armies use this, aviation... In the aviation world they use this system so that way... They have to be very precise, right? So they can be very sure that they're not just saying "B" because maybe when you said "B", I heard "P". […]
How to use the modal SHOULD in English How to use the modal SHOULD in English
10 months ago En
The modal verb “should” is used every day in English. We use it to refer to the present, past, and future. In this lesson, I focus on how “should” is used most often, to talk about actions in the past that didn’t happen. I show you how to use expressions like “I should have called” or “I should have gone” easily and confidently. You will learn how to combine “should” with the present perfect tense and regular or irregular verbs, to upgrade your English right away. Test your understanding with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/modal-should-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'll show you how to use the word "should" correctly and easily in English. Now, native speakers use the word "should" all the time; we use it to talk about the present, the past, and the future. And by the end of this lesson, you should be able to use it just as easily. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first of all, "should" is what's called a modal verb. What does that mean? It's called a helping verb. Okay? "Modal verb" just means a helping verb, and that means we cannot use the word "should" by itself; we have to use it as a helper with another verb. For example, we cannot say: "I should today". I should what today? So, we could say: "I should study today.", "I should work today.", "I should sleep today." So, you have to say: "I should" something with another... With a verb. Okay? You cannot use it by itself, and that's why it's called a modal verb or a helping verb; you use it with something else. But besides that, it's actually very easy because it doesn't change in the way that regular verbs change. Okay? And that's what I'll show you now. So, let's look at some examples of how we use the word "should". In the present tense, we could say: "I should study today." In the future tense, look, we say: "I should study tomorrow." There's hardly any difference. The difference was here, right? So this part is really easy. What's a little bit different is when we want to talk about the past. Then we say: "I should have studied yesterday." Okay? So we'll be focusing on this one more; because as you can see, the present and the future are really easy for you to construct because you're just saying "should" with the verb. All right? Now, what does it mean when we use "should"? What does it actually mean? Well, we can use it for different reasons; we can use it to give advice. For example: "You should stop smoking." Okay? Or we can use it to express an obligation or something that somebody needs to do. For example: "You should do your taxes." Or we can also use "should" to express an expectation; something that we think will happen. For example: "Okay, you're leaving now. You should arrive there in about half an hour." Okay? So we can use "should" in these different ways. Very often it's used in the first way to give advice. And when we say it, all of these things, when we use "should" for all of these reasons, we can use it to give advice to ourselves. For example: "I should exercise more." We can use it to give advice to others. For example: "They should invite her to the party." Or we can also use it to refer to things. "Oh, I fixed your computer; it should work well now." Okay? So we can use it in all of these different ways. So now let's go to this one, which was how to use "should" to talk about things in the past. Why would you use "should" to talk about something in the past? Because you want to say that you wish that you had done something. And as we all know, we're always in this kind of situation where we have plans and then something didn't happen, and we wish that we had done something. Okay? So, then we use this form: "I should have" plus the verb. And the verb here is the past participle. Okay? So, we say: "I should have" plus the past participle of a regular verb or often irregular verb. All right? I'm going to show you some examples so you understand exactly how to do that. Now, this is actually very, very useful because we don't just say things, like: "I should have studied yesterday." In real life, we use this form to say these kind of really important sentences. For example: "I should have called you on time. I'm sorry you got worried.", "I should have thanked you.", "I should have apologized. I'm sorry." Or: "I should have helped you." Okay? Can you see how useful this word "should" is-okay?-in real life? Or, even if we use the negative form of "should", which is "shouldn't", we could say: "I shouldn't have forgotten your birthday. I'm sorry. Did you have a good time?" Or: "I shouldn't have shouted at you. I'm sorry." Or: "I shouldn't have hurt you. Sorry I hurt your feelings." Okay? So, you can say that, this form of using "should" in the past is actually very, very useful. All right? Now, let's look at this chart so you understand exactly what's going on. So, let's take the subject first: "I", "You", "We", "They", "He", "She", okay? […]
Vocabulary Hack: How 5 words become 30! Vocabulary Hack: How 5 words become 30!
11 months ago En
Multiply your vocabulary with this amazing lesson! Watch how four easy suffixes can form HUNDREDS of words! Improve your academic and professional vocabulary quickly and easily. A great lesson for TOEFL and IELTS success. Download the free resource page with hundreds of examples here: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/vocabulary-suffixes-ful-fully-fulness-less-lessly-lessness/ All my Vocabulary Hack lessons teach you shortcuts to upgrade your English in smart ways. Watch more of Rebecca's famous VOCABULARY HACK lessons here: 1. Vocabulary Hack: Sound smarter and avoid mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=28 2. Vocabulary Hack: Learn 30+ Verbs in 10 minutes! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyF8qR-1JXA&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=62 3. Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4vJn7hdlI0&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=19 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, back with another vocabulary hack lesson. Now, what is a "hack"? A "hack" is a shortcut; a way for someone to learn to do something faster and more effectively. Okay? And that's what you're going to do here - you're going to take actually a system to expand your vocabulary, to multiply your vocabulary very easily and quickly. The way we're going to do it today is by adding suffixes to nouns. Now, what does all that mean? Okay, so we're going to take a word. Our sample word here is "power". Now, "power" is a noun. To that, we're going to add a suffix. What's a "suffix"? A "suffix" is just a group of letters that you add to the end of a word to change the meaning. So, we have two suffixes, here: "ful" and "less". When we add "ful" to the end of the word "power", we get the new word: "powerful". And the suffix "f-u-l"-with only one "l", okay? Don't get fooled-it means "full of" whatever; in this case, full of power, but when we spell it, we add only one "l". Okay? So it becomes one word: "powerful". For example: "A powerful leader". Okay? Or here's another suffix: "less". When this word is added... This suffix is added to the end of a word, it means without something. So, when we add it to "power", we get: "powerless", which means without power. This meant full of power; that means without power. Okay? Got it? So, we could have "a powerful leader" or "a powerless leader". Okay? We could be in "a powerful position" or "a powerless position". All right? Here we do write two "s'", but here remember only one "l". Now, you can use these same suffixes to create hundreds of words. Okay? And that's what I'm going to show you here. Let's just look at some examples first. You could say, for example... Suppose we're talking about a message. It could be "a thoughtful message" or "a thoughtless message"; "a useful idea" or "a useless idea". Right? A mean-... We could say: "meaningful words" or "meaningless words". We could say: "These are harmful products" or "harmless products". "Harmful" - they cause harm, they do damage, they hurt you. Or "harmless" - they don't hurt you. Okay? So, you see the same pattern is being applied; the same rule - we're just adding "ful" or "less" to the end of a noun. All right? Let's look at many more words now. All right? And let's go from here. So, for example, we could talk... We start with the nouns. Okay? We have five nouns. We're going to turn them into ten words. All right? So you're already multiplying your vocabulary. "A careful driver" or "a careless driver". "A powerful leader", as we said, or "a powerless leader". "A fearful person" or "a fearless person". In this case, without... It's good to be fearless; "without fear" means that you are not afraid. And "to be fearful" means you are afraid. Okay? So, it doesn't mean that the word with "ful" is always the more positive or stronger word. Okay? You have to look at: What's the noun? If the noun is something positive, then when you're full of something positive, you're going to be stronger. But if the noun suggests a weakness, then when you're full of something you're going to be less strong. Okay? Let's continue. Let's say you're talking about an operation: "A painful operation" or "a painless operation". "A helpful person" or "a helpless person". Okay? Did you get that? Did you see that just by taking some nouns and adding "ful" or "less", we've come up with adjectives now, and we've come up with not only one adjective per word, but two? So we've already multiplied our words from five to 10. Now let's see what happens next. All right. Ready for some more magic? Here we go. So, we started with five words, five nouns, then we turned them into ten with the adjectives, now we're going to create adverbs from the same basic word. How do we create an adverb? Usually by adding "ly". Okay? So, we could say, for example: "He drove carefully." Right? Or: "He drove carelessly". […]
Tricky Pronouns: ‘I’ or ‘ME’? Tricky Pronouns: ‘I’ or ‘ME’?
2 years ago En
Are you 100% certain when to use “I” and when to use “me” in English? Which one is a subject pronoun and which one is an object pronoun? Watch this important lesson to learn the difference between these two commonly confused pronouns. This basic, serious mistake could cost you grades, jobs, and promotions. Make sure you know what’s correct every single time, to optimize your English communication. Next, take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/tricky-pronouns-i-or-me/, then watch the other lesson of mine that I mention in this lesson: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHCUX5P0ow&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=196 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn the difference between two confusing pronouns, and they are: "I" and "me". Okay? Now, unfortunately, mistakes are being made everywhere with these two simple pronouns Okay? Whether you're reading on the internet, or whether you're watching a show, or anything else, you'll see people making lots of mistakes here, so it's very important that you watch this lesson so that you know what's right and you do you what's right, especially if you're taking an exam, like the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or anything else; or if you're applying for a job, because this kind of mistake is a very basic mistake, and you don't want to make it ever. Okay. So, I'm going to show you exactly how to know when to use "I" and when to use "me". All right? So, let's have a look. Now, as I said, we are focusing on "I" and "me" here; we... I do have another lesson in which I talk about all of the pronouns because sometimes all of them are mixed up, and I'll give you a link to that in the lesson description so you can watch that later if you want to get an overview of all of the pronouns, but let's start with this important one because very often we are talking about ourselves, and for that we need to say: "I" or "me". All right? Here we go. So, first of all, both "I" and "me" are pronouns. Okay? Now, the pronoun basically takes the place of a noun. All right? That's a grammatical explanation; don't worry about it too much. The most important thing that you have to remember here is that "I" is used as the subject of a sentence, and it does the action in a sentence. All right? And "me" is an object; it receives the action of the sentence. All right? To understand exactly how that works, let's look at some examples. So, here we said: "I called Steve." And "I" is the subject. Right? "I called", so I am doing the action. Whereas here: "Steve called me." Now Steve is doing the action, so "Steve" is the subject, and "me", here, is the object. Right? Yes, I heard you say that. Yes. It's correct. Okay? Steve called me, so I received the action, I received the call. Okay? Here I made the call, so I did the action; there I received it. Got it? It's always like that. Okay? "I" is always going to be the one that does the action; "me" is the one that receives the action. All right, let's look at some more examples. "I talked to Mary." Okay? Again, "I" is the subject, and so we used it here. And here: "Mary talked to me." All right? So, here, we have "me", again, as the object which received the action. Who is the subject here? "Mary". All right? "Mary" was the subject here; "Steve" was the subject here, but here we're focusing on: What's the object? "me". Now, another clue to know that you need to use "me" and not "I" is because we see here a preposition, right? "to". So, whenever you see a preposition, after that what needs to follow is a object pronoun; not the subject pronoun. So: "to me", "for me", "before me", "after me", "with me", okay? All that kind of thing. Or even here: "Steve called me.", "Steve texted me.", "Steve asked me.", "Steve answered me." Okay? But, again: "me", "me", "me". All right? When it's... And you'll see that it's usually at the end of the sentence, whereas the subject is at the beginning of the sentence. Okay. So, that's the basic stuff. This is when we have one subject or one object, so that's the basics. Now, where do people make most of the mistakes? When... Somehow when we have multiple subjects or multiple objects. So even though they know this rule, most of the time most people, somehow when there are multiple subjects or objects, for some reason people get a little bit confused. So, that's okay. Let's clarify all your confusion right now. So, let's look at this example: "Sarah and I are friends." Okay? So, here we had more than one subject; we had a compound subject. But we still have to say: "I" because it's a subject. Okay? "Sarah and I". All right? Not: "Sarah and me"; "Sarah and I". Because... And also, another way you can tell: Take out "Sarah", and then you say: "I am friends". Right? We don't say: "me am friends" or something like that. So, you have to use "I" here, but let's look at the other side of the equation. "The gift is from Sarah and me." […]
Quick & Easy Writing Tip for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, PTE Quick & Easy Writing Tip for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, PTE
2 years ago En
Get a higher score on your IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, or PTE Writing with one easy trick! Stop using lazy, weak English and start using strong, powerful English. In this lesson, I show you how to avoid sentences starting with “There is/are/was/were/has been/have been” or “It is/was”. Instead, learn to identify and use the real subject and a dynamic verb to communicate more effectively. In just 12 minutes, your English writing will be more advanced, academic, and professional for higher grades and more success! Keep going by watching more of my exam success videos: 1. Vocabulary for IELTS & TOEFL Essay Success: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bstz4HeG4YU&index=19&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDaU-hMVZ7p3SiQvnEDI1jpQ 2. IELTS & TOEFL – An easy way to improve your vocabulary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZ841VPEhCI&index=2&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDaU-hMVZ7p3SiQvnEDI1jpQ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to share a quick and easy technique that you can follow in order to get higher marks on your TOEFL or your IELTS writing. Okay? And it's one way to make weaker sentences into stronger sentences. So, what does that mean? That means that perhaps the sentences you're writing sometimes are actually correct grammatically, but they're still not very powerful. So, you can get lower marks sometimes because you make a mistake, but sometimes you can also get lower marks if you write sentences that are not very strong, because of vocabulary or because of sentence structure. So I'm going to show you a quick and easy change that you can make so that your sentences and your essay can get higher marks and be more impactful. Okay? So, here we go. So, what we're going to do is to avoid using structures that start with: "There is", "There are", "There was", "There were", or: "It is" and "It was". Okay? This is what we want to avoid; not because it's wrong, but because it's just not very strong. It's not powerful. And what happens when you use this is that you end up using a verb which is actually very weak, instead of looking for a good, strong verb. Okay? So let's look at how we can transform these sentences, and you'll see for yourself that the second sentence in each case is actually much more powerful. Okay? Let's look. Number one: "There is a lot of useful information in that book." Okay. There's nothing wrong with that sentence; it's just not very powerful. So, how can we make it stronger? We could say: "That book contains a lot of useful information." Now what happened, instead of just using this structure with "is", we're using "contains". Right? "contains" is a strong verb. All right? So, even when we're talking about things in general... First I'm going to give you some general examples just so that you get the idea, and then I'll give you some more examples which are specifically from some TOEFL or IELTS essay topics. Okay? So, here you see that just changing that structure and using and introducing a better verb is giving you a higher score, in effect. Okay. Next: "There are several benefits to online classes." Again, nothing wrong with that, but what can we do? So, look for... Look for the actual subject. Look for the actual subject you want, which is "online classes", right? So, try and start with that; sometimes that strategy works. So, here, we said: "Online classes offer several benefits." Okay? So, now we're starting with the subject, which is strong, we're using a verb which is a good verb-all right?-and we adding some other details. All right? Next: "It is the director who makes the final decision." Okay? Because this strategy can be used not only on your IELTS or TOEFL; it can also be used in your general writing, it can be used in your business writing, in your email, and so on. Okay? So it's a good strategy to learn whether you're appearing for an exam or even if you're at work. All right? Or in all your life, as such. So, here, how can we change it? So we're talking about the director, so let's make the director the subject of the sentence. "The director makes", right? "The director makes the final decision." Okay? Did you get it? Good. Let's get another example. "It was low sales that forced them to close." So, what are we talking about here? "Low sales", so let's start with that as the subject. "Low sales forced them to close." Okay? Close the store, close the factory, whatever. Okay? But, again, we're starting off with the thing which is most important, we're adding a verb which is strong, and even though you used the same verb there, it was kind of hidden because it's hidden when we say: "It was", "It is", "There is", "There are", "There was" - then things get hidden, and you want to put them upfront and strong so that your sentences are more powerful. So, let's see how to do that now with some examples which are from TOEFL and IELTS kind of topics. Okay? Let's do that next. […]
Do you make these mistakes in English? Do you make these mistakes in English?
2 years ago En
Want to improve your English easily and quickly? In this video, I explain the most common mistakes made by English learners. Over 150 of these mistakes are included in my new course, "Correct Your English Errors in 10 Minutes a Day": https://10.bexenglish.com . It helps you make small changes to achieve BIG results. Common mistakes include: verb tenses, confused words, subject-verb agreement, adjectives, adverbs, word forms, expressions, and more. The secret is to learn a little each day, and to review often. Whether you join my course or build your own learning program, this video will help you upgrade your English. Interested in my easy, daily program to advance your English? Click here: https://10.bexenglish.com TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In the past 30 years, I've worked with thousands of students from all over the world to help them improve their English communication skills. In the past year, I've been researching the most important errors and the most common errors made by English learners. And what I've done is I've put all of this information together into a course. It's called: "Correct Your English Errors in 10 Minutes a Day". I'm very excited to tell you about this course, because I really think it's an easy, quick, fast way for you to improve your English and take it to a higher level. All right? But first what I want to do is tell you: What are the points you have to keep in mind when you are trying to improve your English? What do you need to know about correcting your errors? So, let me share a little bit of my results from my research so it can help you. Okay? And then we will look at specific types of errors, and do a little quiz to see where you stand. Okay? Let's get started. So, first, when you're correcting your English, really, you can do two things. Right? When you're improving your English, you can do two things; you can learn what's right or correct what's wrong. Now we're talking about this area where we correct what's wrong. So, in order to correct what's wrong, what do you need to do? First, you need to know what's wrong. So, when I get an essay or I get an email to correct, what's the problem? It's not that the person was trying to make mistakes. They weren't trying to make mistakes; they're trying to do their best. Right? That's what you do. Every time you write or every time you speak, but you didn't know that something was wrong. So, first you have to know what's wrong. Then you have to understand why it's wrong. Why is it this word and not that word? Why is it this verb tense and not that verb tense? And so on and so forth. Okay? Then you have to learn how to fix it. Okay? Is it a spelling change? It is a punctuation error? What kind of mistake is it? That's what we're going to be looking at - the types of mistakes. Because once you understand and correct a type of mistake, you will correct lots of mistakes all at once. Okay? And that's what I want you to do; to make quick progress, fast progress. Okay. Then what you need to do, which many students do, is to practice it immediately. So, for example, if I teach you something in this lesson or in any one of my engVid lessons, after you watch it, what you need to do is to practice something with that immediately. That's why we usually have a quiz-right?-so that you can go there right away, do some more practice to put that information really into your head; and not just to put it passively there, but to use it. Right? To use whatever you've learned in a practical way. So, you need to practice it immediately, but sometimes that's where students stop. They practice it right away, and then they don't touch it after that, and they think: "I did it. I know it", but not quite. So, what's also very, very important in terms of our brain, in terms of how we learn, in terms of how we remember is this point, here: That you need to review it frequently. Review anything that you learn often; otherwise, it's not going to stay with you. So, for example, in my course, what we have are we have daily quizzes, we have weekly tests, we have monthly reviews with the same material. Okay? So that after a while, you say: "Of course I know that. I know how... The difference between 'it's' and 'its'. I know the difference between 'affect' and 'effect'. That's not a problem", because you've reviewed it. If you don't review it, then it's going to drop away. Okay? So this is an essential part of brain-based learning, of very smart learning. Not just hard learning, but smart learning. And then you need to know what's important. So, let's say you get back your essay and there are twenty corrections. So, are they all equally important? No. Some are critical. If you make some mistakes, you can get very low marks on your IELTS or TOEFL, you could lose a job possibility… […]
Speak like a Manager: How to leave a voicemail Speak like a Manager: How to leave a voicemail
2 years ago En
Do you feel nervous when leaving a business voicemail? Do you say too much or too little? What should you say and how much should you say? Watch and learn exactly what to do and what NOT to do to leave an effective voicemail. You’ll learn a system you can follow every time, based on the who, when, why, and what of your call. Watch and practice to improve the professional quality of your messages and increase your chances of getting what you want. Take a quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-voicemail/ . Continue improving your professional English with the rest of the Speak like a Manager (SLAM) series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Do you get nervous when leaving a voicemail for someone at work or in a business situation? Do you wonder what to say, how to say it, or how much to say? Well, you're not alone. Most people make one of two mistakes when leaving a voicemail: They either say too much - they go on and on, and they ramble, and there is no end; or they don't say enough and they don't leave enough information. So, in this lesson I'm going to show you exactly what you should say and what you should not say. All right? I'm going to give you some general guidelines, and then I'm going to actually give you three examples at least of full conversations, full... not... sorry. Not conversations, but voicemail messages so that you can follow that pattern, and learn and practice to leave your voicemail. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first of all, these are some of the things you should not do, and on this side are things you should do. So, let's look at these guidelines. Now, this lesson is part of the series of lessons that I have on "Speak Like a Manager", so whether you're a manager today or you aspire to be a manager in a work context, this lesson will help you along with several other lessons of this kind. Okay? Just a point for you. All right. So, these are some mistakes that people make. Sometimes when leaving a voicemail, they leave no name. That doesn't help; no one knows who to call. Or they leave no number, because they think: "Oh, he knows my number", "She knows my number" - no. Don't do that. Make it easy for the other person. Or the message is left, but it's a very vague message. "Hi. This is Rebecca. Call me back." Okay, that doesn't really tell the person very much. Right? What did I want? No. You have to be more specific. Sometimes people call repeatedly; they make repeated calls, many calls, and leave no message. And today that's a really bad idea because people can see the number that called, and if they see that you called, like, five times and you didn't even leave a message, it's very frustrating. Okay? So, don't do that. It's not only frustrating, it's also not professional, so don't do that. Or they have... Sometimes people call again and again, and they leave many messages. So, you can't do that either. You can't leave too many messages for someone; they may be away, they may be at a meeting, they may be at a conference, and you can't fill up their voicemail with just your messages. Okay? All right. Next is sometimes people zoom through their name and number because they know their name and number so well that they say it really fast, but that doesn't help the person who's receiving your call. They need to hear your name and your number. Okay? So, these were some of the bad practices; now let's look at the good practices, the best practices. So, when you're leaving a voicemail, you want to make sure to leave your first, or your first and last name. Now, that depends on whether you know the person, you don't know the person. If you know them, you can just say: "Hi. This is Rebecca.", "Hi. This is Maria.", "Hi. This is John", whatever. Or give your full name: "Hello. This is John Smith." Okay? We're going to run through the exact conversation, so don't worry. First we're just establishing some basic guidelines. So, you want to leave your first, or first and last name. You want to leave your contact information or number. If it's a number, if it's an email - whatever that may be. You want to leave a specific message about why you're calling. Okay? You want to call once and leave a message. All right? Don't keep calling. And maybe if you don't hear back from them-okay?-you could call a second time. All right? It depends on the situation. Of course, if something is urgent, then that's a different context, but I'm speaking generally. So, you could try a little later in the day or after a few hours. Again, leave a second message possibly, but usually not more than that. And if that... If you don't get a reply or a response from that, then you could call once and try another method, you could send an email, you could send... Message them. Right? Text them-right?-on your phone. So that's another way. […]
Can I? Could I? May I? Can I? Could I? May I?
2 years ago En
Should you say “Can I”, “Could I”, or “May I”? Learn exactly when to use each expression to ask questions politely in English. Be confident and correct when you ask permission or make a request in different situations: informal, semi-formal, or formal. Find out how to match your question and answer with the context. These modal questions are extremely common in English, which is why this is such an important lesson. Don’t miss it! Take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/can-i-could-i-may-i/ Next, watch this lesson about when to use "WHAT" and when to use "WHICH": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAKnC2kr1_I&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=22 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you three simple ways that you can ask a polite question in English. Okay? Now, usually when we're asking a question, it's we're asking if we can do something or we're asking permission, or we're asking someone else to do something for us, in which case we are requesting that they do something. All right? And there are three key words that you can use for this purpose, but in different ways. So, let's look at what they are. All right. So, those three words are: "can", "could", and "may". Now, of course, you've heard those words before and I'm sure you use them as well, but let's be really sure when to use which one. So, it's very easy. We use "can" in more informal situations. All right? What do I mean by "informal"? For example, with your family or friends. All right? We use "could" in more semi-formal situations. "Semi-formal" means a little bit formal. For example, with your colleagues, people you work with. Right? With your hairdresser perhaps, with a salesperson in a store. All right? There we could use "could" so we kind of know that person or we don't know that person too well, but it's not a very formal situation. And the last is in formal situations when we use "may". So, what's a "formal situation"? Well, for example, if you're talking to a client, or a customer, or you're at an interview, then you want to be on your best behaviour, use your best manners, be very polite, be very formal and proper, and that's when we use "may". Now, there is a little difference in terms of the grammar of how we use these three words. So, with "can" and "could", we can use those two with all of the pronouns. So, we can say: "can I", "can you", "can we", "could they", "could he", "could she", "could it". All right? Can use those with all of the pronouns. But when we come to "may", we can only use it with "I" or "we". All right? "May I do this?" or "May we" - you can't really ask permission for somebody else so much, so this is... These are the two ways we use "May". All right? Sometimes you might hear it with one or two other pronouns, but really, these are the most common. All right? So that's what you want to be able to use so you can always be 100% right. Now, let's look at the same question and how it's different with the three words. All right? So, let's say I'm at home and I ask someone from my family: "Can I have some orange juice?" All right? So, there I'm using "can" because it's really informal. Now let's say I'm at the mall, I'm at the food court and I'm ordering some juice, so I say: "Could I have some orange juice?" All right? Slightly more formal. And now let's pretend that we're in a fancy restaurant and I'm ordering orange juice, so then I say: "May I have some orange juice?" Okay? Now, you could add the word "please" also, but with some of these it's already very polite, so you don't have to go overboard, you don't have to do too much, you don't have to always say "please", especially when you're asking for yourself. Okay? If you're requesting something that someone else do, then often we do add the "please" as well. Okay? Now, what are some of the responses? We're not really focusing on the responses in this lesson, but let me just tell you what would be the appropriate responses-positive responses and negative responses-to these questions. So, if someone said: "Can I have some orange juice?"-informal-the answer might be: "Sure, here you go." Or: -"Could I have some orange juice?" -"Yes, of course." -"May I have some orange juice?" -"Certainly." Okay? So you see that the formality of the question matches the formality of the answer. If it was negative: -"Can I...?" -"Sorry, we're all out." -"Could I...?" -"I'm sorry, we're all out." -"May I...?" -"I'm afraid we're all out." Okay? Same basic information, but represented quite differently. So now let's look at some more examples. All right. So, informally, we could say: "Can I help you wash the dishes?" That would be a really nice thing to say to someone. Okay. All right. Or: "Can you clear the table, please?" Now, you see here because I'm requesting something of someone else, it's perfectly nice and fine to say "please" at the end. Okay? "Can you clear the table, please?" What does that mean: "Clear the table"? […]
AT, ON, or IN? The Triangle Method for Prepositions of Place AT, ON, or IN? The Triangle Method for Prepositions of Place
2 years ago En
No more mistakes! Learn this simple trick to use “at”, “on”, and “in” correctly in English. Master common prepositions of place with the Triangle Method, to speak and write more fluently at work, in school, on exams, or in daily life. Then, move on to master prepositions of time with my other video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G01SFcou6P4&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=16 Take the quiz here: https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method-prepositions-place TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this important lesson I'm going to show you how to use three very common prepositions correctly in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in". Now, you might have seen an earlier lesson of mine where I talked about "at", "on", and "in" when it had to do with time, and we used something called "the triangle method". But here, also, we're going to use this triangle method to learn "at", "on", and "in", but we're going to refer to places. Okay? To place; not time, but place. So, let's see how it works. So, here we have the triangle, and you can see "at" at the top, "on" in the middle, and "in" at the bottom. Okay? So what does that mean? So, here we want to show that "at" is used when we're talking about very specific places. Okay? For example, when we're talking about the name of a restaurant: "at Starbucks", "at McDonald's", and so on. Or when we're giving a specific address: "at 25 Main Street". Okay? So, you have the number; not only the street, not only the city, but the specific number of the building and the street - "at 25 Main Street". Or we say a specific place, like: "at JFK Airport". And even if it's not with a name, it could just say: "at the airport", "at the office". Right? "At the library", "at the supermarket". You see that it's very specific, and that's why we use "at"; in those very specific situations. All right? Got that? Now let's look at the second one. So, the second one is "on". "on" we use for a little bit more than a very specific place; it's a little bit wider. For example, we see here on a street, or a highway, or a floor. Okay? So, we see: "on Main Street", "on Route 66", "on the 6th floor". Okay? So: "Somebody lives on Main Street.", "I drive to work on Route 66.", "I work on the 6th floor." Okay? So we see that it's a little bit wider than that specific place. Little bit wider tends to often be horizontal kind of places. Okay? Next we come to "in". So, this is for everything more. Okay? So, "in" is used for large areas. For example, we say: "in Los Angeles". Well, let's look first at what the categories are. So, large areas, such as a city, a state, a country, a continent, or just a large area. For example, we could say: "He lives in Los Angeles.", "She lives in California.", "They live in the US.", "in North America", "in the world". Okay? So, what do we see here? That "in" is the broadest; it's the widest. Okay? And then "on" is a little bit less, and "at" is very specific. Okay? So, have you got that? Let's find out when we do a little quiz where we're going to practice using these very common prepositions: "at", "on", and "in". Okay? Because we use these all the time; we use them in writing, we use them in speaking - and if you have a mistake in this then you're going to have lots of mistakes. So, let's get it right and let's practice with a little quiz. Okay, so before we get started, let me just tell you that there are two ways that you could do this with me. One is if you'd like a little more time to think about the answer, then just pause the video, and you can see all of the exercises. So, stop it, write down the answers, think about it, and then you can follow me as I go through it. Or if you feel you can do it right away, then join me right now. Okay? Let's get started. So, again, your options are what? "at" for something very specific, "on" for something a little bit wider, and "in" for the largest areas of all. Okay? All right. So, let's begin. Number one: "_____ Tokyo". What do we say there? Okay? Yes. It should be "in Tokyo". Okay? Why? Because Tokyo is a city, and it's a large place, so we said that for large places we use "in". All right? Next: "_____ Hill Road. _____ Hill Road. I live _____ Hill Road." What would you say, there? Which of these? Okay, good: "I live on Hill Road." Okay? So, we said "at" is the specific one; "on" is for things like also the horizontal kind of places like roads, and streets, and rivers. Okay? The places like that; the floor that you live on. Okay? We say "on", "on Hill Road". Number three: "_____ Brazil. She lives _____ Brazil." What would you choose for that one? "She lives"-yes-"in Brazil". Okay? Again, Brazil is very wide. Right? It's a big place, so we want the widest option, which is "in". All right? "in Brazil". "in" for cities, countries-remember?-continents, large areas of land, or also in the world. All right? […]
The New IELTS Computer Test: Everything you need to know The New IELTS Computer Test: Everything you need to know
2 years ago En
What’s the new IELTS? Should you take the new IELTS computer test or the old IELTS paper test? How are they similar? How are they different? Which one is easier? Watch my lesson to learn all about the new IELTS option, its content and structure, and the pros and cons of the computer-based IELTS and the paper-delivered IELTS. I explain the listening, reading, writing, and speaking sections, so you know what to expect. I also share students’ feedback and experiences. There are a lot of little differences that are not obvious. Find out which one section is easier on the IELTS computer test. Watch this lesson to decide which test is best for you and improve your chances of getting a higher IELTS score! Take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this video I'm going to explain to you about the new IELTS test, which is called the IELTS CDT. That stands for "Computer-Delivered Test". Now, there was and there still is another IELTS test also available, at least at the time that we're recording this lesson, which is called the PBT, which stands for "Paper-Based Test". Now, if you're taking the IELTS or if you are re-taking the IELTS, it's really important for you to understand the differences between these two exams, which I'm going to explain to you here. We're going to talk about how they're similar, how they are different, and also which exam you should choose to take based on what those similarities and differences are, based on your personality, your skills, your preferences, and so on. And I'm also going to share with you some of the feedback that I've been receiving from my students who have appeared for both the paper-based test and the computer-delivered test. Okay? So, let's get started. So, first let's look at how these two exams are similar. Okay? So, if you've never done the IELTS, then you need to do some basic homework. Okay? So, the IELTS is an English proficiency exam. All right? And it stands for "International English Language Testing System; the IELTS". Okay? And it has four sections. Like many English proficiency exams, it has reading, writing, listening, and speaking. So, in terms of these two tests-okay?-the paper and the computer one, the content is the same. That means you're not going to be asked harder or easier things if you take the paper one or the computer one. The content is the same. The sections are the same, as in the four sections that I mentioned. Okay? Both tests have four sections. The timing is exactly the same. Okay? So you have 60 minutes for reading, 30 minutes for listening, 60 minutes for writing, and about 15 to 20 minutes for a speaking interview. Okay? So, the overall length of the exam is the same. Okay? It's about two hours and 45 minutes. That part is the same. The scoring is also the same. They are not judging you differently based on which form of the test that you took. Okay? The scoring rubric, the scoring criteria are the same. Next, the speaking part of the test is exactly the same. Why? Because the speaking is not done on paper or on computer. If you've ever appeared for the exam before or if you've read about it, then you will know that the speaking part of the IELTS test is done with you face-to-face with an examiner. Okay? And so, that part is the same. Okay? So we're not going to talk very much about that because that part is exactly the same. That's the speaking. We are going to talk about the other sections and how they are different. Okay? So, let's get to that. Let's talk about that first. So, here, I've talked about the content, the academic part of the test; and, here, I'm going to explain to you about some of the administrative differences-okay?-and how that will affect you or may affect you. So, we said the speaking part of the test is the same; however, reading, listening, and writing, even though the content is the same, the experience is going to be very different for you, whether you're doing the paper-based test or the computer-based test. Why? Because you are different. Okay? Some people are very comfortable using the computer. Okay? And when you do that computer test, you should be someone who is really computer literate; you should be very comfortable navigating around a screen, scrolling, clicking on answers, clearing answers, highlighting text, typing on a keyboard, using the mouse, and so on. Okay? If you are someone like that, if this describes you, then you would probably be quite comfortable doing that computer test. Okay? However, if you're someone who gets confused when you see lots of instructions, and you have to go forward, you have to go back, there are arrows, and you get confused by computer... By working on computers, then first and foremost overall, you might be better off taking the paper-based test-okay?-which basically is just a test on a piece of paper and with a pen and pencil. Okay? So, that's overall. […]
Learn English: How to wish someone in person and on Facebook Learn English: How to wish someone in person and on Facebook
2 years ago En
If you only write “Happy Birthday” to people on Facebook, you need this lesson! I’ll teach you what you can say AFTER that! You’ll learn many useful phrases and sentences to express your wishes genuinely, sincerely, and creatively. I’ll also tell you what to say when someone gets a job, sneezes, is unwell, has a baby, passes an exam, and more! Let’s make the world a kinder, more genuine place by saying what we feel and showing we care about the people we know. NEXT, watch these videos to keep improving your English: 1. Polite English – Show people you care: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtl9vPjsP10 2. 8 ways to be positive & encourage others: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Xz7C7TRRbo You can also take the quiz on this lesson at https://www.engvid.com/wishes-in-person-online/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, and welcome back to engVid. Today we have a really special lesson planned for you. In this lesson, you'll learn how to wish somebody in person, or in an email, or on Facebook during the happy and sad occasions of our lives. Okay? Now, actually, I've learned different languages; and even though sometimes you learn all kinds of complex words and all kinds of difficult things, sometimes it's hardest to say the simplest wishes and greetings in the natural way that they should flow when somebody tells you good news or bad news. Okay? So, this is to review, in case you don't know, and there may be some situations where you're not... Not really sure at all what to say. So, try to do this quickly with me. I'm going to give you a situation, and you tell me quickly: What do you say to a person in that situation? Now, some of them are going to be pretty obvious, and some maybe not. Okay? Are you ready? Let's get started. Okay. What do you to say to someone on their birthday? "Happy birthday." Good. Now, as I ask you, if you want or you need more time, then just pause and say it. Okay? But, really, we're going to do this quite fast. So, on a birthday we say: "Happy birthday." Later I'll tell you what else you can write besides: "Happy birthday." Okay. Your friend has a job interview. Before they go for the job interview, what do you say? There are a number of possibilities, here, but tell me something quickly. You can say: "Good luck." You could say: "All the best." All right? Good. It's your friend's anniversary, what do you say to them? You say: "Happy anniversary." Yes, that works. Okay? You can also say: "Congratulations", but: "Happy anniversary" is fine. It's January 1st and you see a friend, what do you say to him? "Happy New Year." Okay? Good. It's somebody's wedding day, what do you say to them? Usually we just say: "Congratulations." Okay? Again, later I'll tell you what else you can say after that basic word, but you at least want to get the basic words out of your mouth. Right? Good. Now, we don't always do this, but often we do say something before someone's about to eat, like, a nice meal or something like that. And the strange part is we say something in French because we don't actually have something in English to say before you're about to sit down to eat a nice meal. So, have you heard what people say before someone is about to eat a nice, fancy meal? Have you heard? We say: "Bon app�tite", which in French means: "Good appetite." Okay? So, that's something for you to learn. All right? Your friend tells you that she's pregnant, and you say: "Congratulations." Okay? Next, someone is introduced to you. Okay? So, what do you say to them? You put out your hand and you say: "Nice to meet you." By the way, depending on the culture and the situation, you don't always put out your hand for... To shake hands, but what you say is: "Nice to meet you." Okay? Good. If someone has helped you a lot through a difficult situation, or with a project, something at work, something at home, what do you say to someone who has helped you? You say: "Thank you." Okay? This one you may or may not know if you haven't been in this situation. Somebody loses someone that they love-that means someone in their family passes away or dies-what are you supposed to say to them? Well, there are a few possibilities. So, you could say: "My condolences." Okay? The word is: "condolences". Okay? "Please accept my condolences." Or: "I'm very sorry to hear that." If you can't remember the word "condolences" or you feel it's hard to pronounce or something, just say: "I'm very sorry to hear that. I'm very sorry for your loss." Okay? Now, in case you're not catching exactly what I'm saying, what you can do during this lesson is to turn on the captions, which we have, and there you'll see these words that I'm saying written down. And if there's anything you don't know, then you could write them down for yourself, which is also a very good way for you to remember. Okay? So, there, you'll be able to write down, like: "Condolences", "Congratulations", exactly how to spell and write these words. Okay? […]
Speak like a Manager: Verbs 2 – Opposites Speak like a Manager: Verbs 2 – Opposites
2 years ago En
Expand your English vocabulary by learning 20 business verbs that are also opposites. Learning antonyms is a fun, effective way to understand, remember, and increase your business English vocabulary. Learn verb pairs such as deposit & withdraw, expand & contract, save & spend, and more. Press play to watch, and 15 minutes from now, you will be speaking more fluently and communicating more powerfully. Test your understanding with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-verbs-2-opposites/ . Make sure to subscribe to get all the lessons in my Speak like a Manager series (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf). WATCH NEXT: How to change basic English into business English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZDNgtAsbw&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDb5ilkSD089gY2UwKiP72S7&index=4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, back with another "Speak Like a Manager" lesson. All of these lessons are designed to help you improve your level of business English so that you can sound more professional in the workplace. All right? Now, in this particular lesson, we're going to focus on a very important part of any English sentence, which is the verb. And we're going to look at business verbs that are opposites. All right? So, first I'm going to give you the opposites, and then we'll play a little game to help you make sure that you actually know them when you need them, because in speaking, you can't think too much. Right? You've got to work fast and think on the spot. So, let's get started. All right. So, the first pair of words and verbs is: "increase" and "decrease". All right? Say it after me: "increase", "decrease". So, "to increase" means to go up - prices went up, prices increased; prices decreased. Okay? So, "decreased" means to go down. All right. The next pair: "promote", "demote". Say it after me: "promote", "demote". So, what does that mean? When somebody gets a higher position, he is promoted or she is promoted; when somebody gets a lower position, that means they had a certain position and now they have been sent down. Okay? They lost that higher position and they've been given a lower position, then that person is demoted. Now, that often happens... For example, you might hear about it happening in the army; somebody had a higher-level position and now they have a lower-level position. They were demoted. All right? Doesn't happen all that often, but it does happen, and you want to make sure that you have the vocabulary to express that situation. All right? "Promote", "demote". Next: "hire" and "fire" or "dismiss". So, "hire", you know, is like "recruit"; when someone is given a job. When a company takes a person on and gives him a job or gives her a job, they hire that person. And when that person is told to go away, they no longer have their job, the slang for that is "fire". So, lots of people know the opposite: "hire" and "fire", but "fire" is actually slang. Okay? "Hire" is not slang; "hire" is a proper business word. Another business word, here, is "recruit", but let's stay with "hire". "Fire" is slang, so instead of... Maybe you don't want to use the slang term; you want to use the proper businesslike term, and the proper word for that is to "dismiss". Okay? Somebody was dismissed. That means they were told to go away; their job was not there anymore. Okay? They didn't have their job anymore. They were dismissed. Now, you might hear the word "dismissed" in a slightly different context. Sometimes you might see it in a movie where they're showing somebody in the army, and the General is telling the soldier: "Dismissed. You are dismissed." So that also has the idea of being told to go away, but it doesn't mean that person... That soldier has lost his or her job; it just means they're telling them: "Okay, you have my permission to go away." All right? So there's a slightly different meaning of to dismiss someone. But in the business context, usually to dismiss someone means to no longer... To tell them you no longer have your job. Okay? All right. Let's look at another pair of words: "to deposit money"-okay?-or "deposit a cheque in the bank", and then you "withdraw" or "take out money or cash from the bank". All right? So, "to deposit" means to put into the bank; "to withdraw" means to take out. All right. Good. The next thing also has to do with money, which is you can "save" your money, keep it-all right?-not use it; or you can "spend" your money. All right? You can buy lots of things. When we buy things, we spend money. When we don't buy, we just keep the money, then we save the money. All right? We might save it under our mattress, or usually nowadays we save it in the bank. All right? But to save or spend. Repeat it after me: "save", "spend". Let's repeat some of the other ones: "deposit", "withdraw". Good. "Hire", "fire", or: "hire", "dismiss". Good. And: "promote", "demote". Good. All right. We already said the first one. […]
Speak like a Manager: 8 Easy Workplace Expressions Speak like a Manager: 8 Easy Workplace Expressions
2 years ago En
Ready to sound more professional? What's the difference between "a zero-sum game" and "a win-win situation"? What about "a lucky break" and "a tough break" or "an uphill battle" and "a piece of cake"? Start speaking like a manager by understanding and using these eight English expressions, commonly used in the English workplace and in business communication. NEXT, watch more videos in my SPEAK LIKE A MANAGER series: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUSxq7KoTsM&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf Or for more EngVid Business English videos, go here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDMJVrVY3ME&list=PLs_glF4TIn5a_gCoap4RgS1pzj9DNyGtO TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com, back with another "Speak like a Manager" lesson. Okay? So, in this particular lesson, we're going to focus on eight expressions that are very commonly used in the workplace, in business, and so on. All right? And what's easy about them is that they are grouped... I have grouped them for you in pairs, so that one of them has a particular meaning and the other one kind of has the opposite meaning, and I hope that will make it a little bit easier for you to understand them and also to start using them. All right? So, let's get started. All right. So, here's the first pair: "a tough break" or "a lucky break". All right? So, what do these two expressions mean? So, first of all: "a tough break"... When we say "break", we don't actually mean break. All right? It's like a chance; an opportunity, or a situation. So, when we say: "tough"... "Tough" means difficult. So this means something difficult or something bad that happened; and this, "lucky" means something good that happened. So: "a tough break" is something bad that happened, and "a lucky break" is something good that happened. For example, let's say that someone you know lost their job. Okay? They didn't expect it, and it happened suddenly, and that was a tough break. Okay? That was something bad that happened; it seemed like. But then the person managed to get a better job in the first week, so that was a lucky break; something good that happened. All right? So, you see now that these are quite easy to use, these expressions, and you will hear them very often in the context of employment, in the context of clients, in the context of customers, and so on. Okay? All right. And in the context of life. Right? Okay. So, let's go to the next pair: "a win-win situation"... Say it after me: "a win-win situation" or "a zero-sum game". Say it after me: "a zero-sum game". All right. So, here, also we have two opposite kind of situations. "A win-win situation" is where both sides come out ahead; both sides benefit; both sides can win. All right? Yes, this is possible. All right. And "a zero-sum game" is where only one side can win; and if one side wins, the other side is going to lose. All right? So, for example, let's suppose there is a negotiation going on in a... In a company, in a large corporation between the management and labour. Okay? Labour is the... The people who work; the workforce. Okay? And they're negotiating and they're negotiating; and finally, they come to a compromise, they come to an agreement that both sides are happy. It's not easy; it doesn't happen easily, but it can happen. And if that happens and when that happens, you can describe that situation as a win-win situation, where both sides were happy. All right? In any kind of... Usually we use this when there is some kind of negotiation going on. All right? Next: "a zero-sum game", right? So, here we said only one side can win. So, for example, if three law firms are trying to get the contract to work with a large corporation but only one is going to be awarded the contract or given the contract, then that's a zero-sum game. So, when one wins, the other is going to lose or the others are going to lose. All right. So, that's "a zero-sum game" or "a win-win situation". Let's just practice pronouncing this first pair, repeat it after me: "a tough break". I know it says "t-o-u-g-h", but it's not pronounced like that. English is not always phonetic, all right? It doesn't sound the way it looks, so repeat it after me: "a tough break". It's like: "t-u-f-f". All right? It sounds like that. Or: "a lucky break". Say it after me: "a lucky break". Good. All right. Now let's go to these two: "a long shot" or "a safe bet". So, "a long shot" describes the situation in which there is very little chance of success, and "a safe bet" is a situation in which there is a very high chance of success. This one, low chance of success; and this one, a high chance of success. All right? […]
How to say the time in English How to say the time in English
2 years ago En
What's the time right now? Can you answer this question quickly, without making a mistake? Watch and learn how to talk about time in English. Understand the two ways to express 1:15, 1:30, or 1:45. Make appointments or talk about schedules confidently and clearly. Answer this common question without stress or confusion, starting right now! Test yourself with the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-how-to-express-time/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from www.engvid.com. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to tell time in English. Okay? So, for example, if someone tells you: "I'll meet you at ten to ten", what does that mean? What is "ten to ten"? We're going to find out. Okay? Let's go. All right, so here's the clock that I've drawn. Excuse my drawing, but what time does it say? Okay. So, let's examine the clock. So, this is called the hour hand - it shows the hour; and this is called the minute hand. Okay? The shorter hand is the hour hand, and the longer hand is the minute hand. All right. And right now the hour hand is pointed to 2, and this is pointed to 12, so that means it is 2 o'clock. All right? So, as we go around, it would be 1 o'clock, 2 o'clock, 3 o'clock, 4 o'clock, 5 o'clock, 6 o'clock, 7 o'clock, 8 o'clock, 9 o'clock, 10 o'clock, 11 o'clock, and 12 o'clock. Now, if you just say: "12 o'clock"... If you don't know what it's like outside - is it dark? Is it 12 o'clock at night? Is it 12 o'clock in the afternoon? So, sometimes when it's 12, we just say: "Twelve noon" or "Midnight". Okay? If it's night, we say: "Midnight". But we'll get to that. Now, there are many things you need to know in order to be able to say the time or express time correctly. All right? So, let's go through what they are. So, as I said, first of all, if it's a complete hour, on the hour, then just say the hour-the number-plus "o'clock". All right? That's the expression. 2 o'clock, 3 o'clock. Right? Now, then let's start going by five-minute intervals around the clock and see what happens. So, here we would say: "Two oh five". Say it after me: "Two oh five". Good. The next one: "Two ten". Okay? That would be here. "Two ten". Then here: "Two fifteen, two twenty, twenty-five, two thirty, two thirty-five, two forty, two forty-five, two fifty, two fifty-five". Okay? So, we're going by five-minute intervals right now. And it could be something in between; it could be "two twelve", or it could be "two twenty-three", but usually people round off to those... These numbers, here. Okay? So, one way that you can tell the time, and I think it's the easiest, as long as you know these basic numbers up to 59, but certainly the numbers by five, is just to say that: -"Two oh five." -"What's the time?" -"It's two fifteen. It's two fifty. It's two forty." Okay? "Two forty-five", and so on. That's the easy way, and you can say that, but you might hear people using another expression or a few other expressions as well, so let me explain those to you. So, as I said, this you can call: "Two fifteen" or: "Quarter past two". So, why are we saying that? Because in this method what we're doing is we're dividing the clock into quarters. Okay? Like this and like this. So, when it's 2:15, it's a quarter past two or a quarter after two - after two o'clock, but we don't have to say: "after two o'clock", we can just say at that point: "It's a quarter past two. It's a quarter after two." Okay? Then, when it comes to 2:30, we could say: "It's two thirty", or we could say: "It's half", right? Half from the 12 to the 6: "It's half past two"; that's how we express that. And at 2:45, we can also say: "It's a quarter to three. Quarter to". Now, anything after the 6... You see this other arrow, here? From here to the 12, we have to say something "to". "Quarter to twelve. Quarter to three." Okay? It would be quarter to three if it was 2:45. All right? Or: "Twenty-five minutes to three". You could say that, but those you'll probably just hear people saying: "Two thirty-five, two forty", and so on. But on these quarter and half, people do use these other expressions. Okay? So, again: "Quarter past two. Half past two. Quarter to three." Okay? Now, remember when I said: "Ten to ten"? So that was 10 minutes to 10... 10 minutes to 10 o'clock. All right? 10 minutes before 10 o'clock. So, when people say: "Ten to ten" - 10 minutes to 10. It's not used very often, but sometimes people just use it in short. Okay? All right. Let's look at a couple of other things you might see when talking about the time. So, when we're going from 12 midnight to about 11:59 in the afternoon, that period of time is referred to as "am - ante meridiem", but don't worry about what it stands for; people just say "am" and "pm". Ante meridiem and post meridiem. Don't worry about those. […]
10 Common English Expressions 10 Common English Expressions
2 years ago En
What does your boss mean when she says "keep me posted"? What does your friend mean when he says "let it go"? Understand and learn to use 10 common English expressions today. They're easy to remember since they each only have three words! Start sounding more like a native speaker with these useful and practical English expressions for everyday life. Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/10-common-english-expressions/ ! WATCH NEXT: 1. 10 Idioms about people at work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hH4unUcQF3E 2. 8 idioms to learn BY heart: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9wQkKwffiGM&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=11 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you're going to learn 10 lovely English expressions that you might be hearing all around you, every day. These are really common expressions, so I want to make sure that you know them so that you understand what people are saying; and also, once you're really sure of the meaning, you can also start to use them yourself. Okay? Now, the other thing is that they're really short; each of them... The ones I've chosen, here, only have three words, so they're also really short and easy to say. Okay? And there are no complicated, long words to pronounce or anything like that. Okay? So, let's get started. Number one is the expression: "Good for you." So, the way that I said it, what do you think it means? Well, what it means is that somebody gives you some good news, like: "Oh, guess what? Rebecca, I passed my IELTS exam on the first try." So what would I say to that student? "Good for you. Wow, you did it. Amazing." Or someone tells you: "Hey, I got the job. I didn't... I can't believe it." And I was like: "Good for you. You know? You tried, you did it; you succeeded. Good for you." Okay? Really easy to say and very easy to understand, I hope. All right? Next: "Keep me posted." All right, so what does: "Keep me posted" mean? You have the word "post" here, but don't worry about that; it has nothing to do with mailing letters or anything like that. "Keep me posted" means that there's a situation and you want someone to keep... Give you updates; to keep you updated on what the latest news is or what has happened. So, for example, let's suppose that someone is in the hospital and they're... The doctor is giving them news every few hours to tell them what's happening, so you are not there but you want to know. You care and you want to know what's happening, so you tell the person in the hospital: "Keep me posted." That means: "Let me know. Anything new that happens, let me know. Keep me updated." Okay? And you will hear this expression in regular situations, like the one I described, and very often at work. Okay? If there's a particular project going on and your manager wants you to update him or her whenever something important happens, they might say to you: "Keep me posted." Okay? So, that's another one for you. Number three: "Sleep on it." Okay? "Sleep on it? Sleep on what?" Okay. So, what this means is: Don't decide something right away. Okay? Take some time to decide, take some time to maybe sleep at night and think about something quietly, and don't be in a rush to decide anything. Don't be in a rush; don't be in a hurry to make up your mind, or make an important decision or choice. Say: "I don't know. I have this job offer, I have that job offer; I've got to let them know. I don't know what to do." If somebody's in that situation, so you can say to them, what? "Why don't you sleep on it? Okay? I think you'll know better in the morning." Okay? Sometimes people get very anxious, but you can tell them... It's another way of saying: "Take some time to decide. Sleep on it." Okay? So: "Sleep on it" is actually, like, the decision, okay? On the decision. Okay. Next: "Let it go." All right? This is a really nice expression. So let's say somebody's had a bad situation, okay? Something bad happened to them, they... Somebody spoke to them angrily and they're feeling very hurt, or somebody left them. Okay? Or they... They lost their job and the manager, you know, embarrassed them in front of other people and they're feeling really negative and they're feeling bad, so instead of... instead of... and the person is telling you about all these bad things that happened, so you want to tell them: "Why don't you just...? You know what? I understand, but let it go. Forget about it. Move forward." Okay? So you say: "Let it go", means don't keep all that negative feeling inside you. Okay? Or that negative energy inside you. Let it go. All right? Forget about it, move forward, and do something good. Okay? Say it after me: "Let it go." Or: "Sleep on it." Okay? Say it after me: "Keep me posted." And: "Good for you." Okay? Don't forget the... Okay? This is important. I always do that. I always make a fist when I say: "Good for you." Okay? You can do it, if you want to. All right. […]
Fix two BIG errors in English writing! Fix two BIG errors in English writing!
2 years ago En
Stop making the two most common errors in English writing: run-on sentences and comma splices. Write better email at work and score higher on your IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, or PTE. These mistakes occur when two sentences are combined incorrectly into one sentence. I'll show you how to correct these mistakes with a period, a semi-colon, a compound sentence, and a complex sentence! One lesson, so much progress! Test your understanding by taking the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/fix-two-big-errors-in-english-writing/ Next, watch these videos to keep improving: 1. The Secret to Great Writing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8pIidfrSG4&index=2&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7 2. The Top 10 Most Confusing Words for Advanced English Learners: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5pDRnCHbZo&index=25&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7 #writing #LearnEnglish #engvid TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'll show you how to avoid the two most common errors made in English writing, and also how to fix them. Okay? So, these two errors are: The run-on sentence and the comma splice. So, what does that mean? Well, what happens in both these cases is that two sentences are incorrectly joined into one sentence. In one case, the run-on sentence, it's incorrectly joined because there's no punctuation; and in the comma splice, it's incorrectly joined with a comma. Okay? Let's have a look at some examples so you understand exactly what I mean. So, the first one: "I like your haircut it looks really good." Now, what happened here? We have a subject and a verb, and a sentence here: "I like your haircut." So this sentence is really a sentence by itself; it should end there in some way. Okay? Later we're going to look at exactly how to fix it; there are a few options. But the writer wrote right after that: "...it looks really good", so that's another sentence with a subject and a verb. Right? We have it here. All right? So, this is incorrect, and this is an example of a run-on sentence, because it's two sentences with no punctuation. Let's take a look at this one: "I like your haircut, it looks really good." Well, it still should be two separate sentences in some way, or correctly joined, but it's not. It was only joined with a comma, which is incorrect. Okay? So this is an example of the comma splice, which is basically these two sentences were combined into one incorrectly with a comma. Let's take a look at another example. "My brother is a doctor he works at a hospital." So, by now you can probably tell me: Here we have... "My brother" is the subject, "is" is the verb; "he" is the subject, "works" is the verb, but these are two sentences. Right? But what happened? The writer wrote them as one long sentence. "My brother is a doctor he works at a hospital." And really, we needed some kind of break here, and the same thing here. So this was... Sorry. An example of a run-on sentence. Right? And this one: "My brother is a doctor, he works at a hospital." But, again, we cannot join this kind of... These two sentences with a comma. So this was a mistake called a comma splice. Now, you're saying to me: "Does a comma really make all that difference?" Yeah, it does, and especially if you're appearing for any kind of exam-okay?-any kind of English exam, like the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or the PTE, or anything else; or if you're submitting an assignment in school, or in college, or in university; or if you're writing an email. An email, you're just going to look quite unprofessional; but in school or in any academic situation, you're going to lose marks for sure in your writing with this mistake. Why? Because it's a very basic mistake. Okay? It's not a sophisticated, advanced mistake; it's a basic mistake that you need to know in English. "What is a complete sentence? And how to create a complex sentence or anything else." Okay? So, next we're going to look at how to fix these mistakes. All right, are you with me? Let's take a look at a new example. "People are buying books online bookstores are closing." All right? So right now, the way it is up here, this is a mistake. This is, which one? Run-on sentence or comma splice? It's a run-on sentence. Okay? If it had had a comma here, then it would be a comma splice. But one way or the other, we have two sentences which are incorrectly joined and made into one sentence. So, how can we fix it? So, here, first I'm going to show you two easier solutions that you can use. So, the first one is to separate the two sentences with a period. For example: "People are buying books online." (Period). And then, of course, because now we have a new sentence, we need to make this a capital: "Bookstores are closing." All right? Got it? Separate them with a period. Separate the two sentences, and start the new sentence with a capital letter. […]
English Grammar: How to use 5 confusing indefinite pronouns English Grammar: How to use 5 confusing indefinite pronouns
2 years ago En
“None of them is” or “none of them are”? What about all, most, any, and some? Are they singular or plural? I’ll show you an easy way to decide when these pronouns are singular and when they are plural. I’ll also review indefinite pronouns such as everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody, each, every, both, several, few, and many. You can get higher scores and better results in speaking, writing, IELTS, and TOEFL by applying these rules. Make sure to download my resource page on Countable and Uncountable Nouns to master this topic: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/countable-and-uncountable-nouns/ And test your understanding of this video with the quiz: https://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-5-confusing-indefinite-pronouns/ WATCH NEXT: 1. THE TOP 10 MOST CONFUSING WORDS FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5pDRnCHbZo&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=28 2. VOCABULARY HACK: SOUND SMARTER AND AVOID MISTAKES: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&index=24 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. One of the most important things when we speak a language and we want to speak it correctly is to make sure that our subject agrees with our verb. So, if we have a singular subject, we want to make sure we have a singular verb; if we have a plural subject, we want to make sure we use a plural verb. And most of the time this is something that you learn and you master. But when it comes to pronouns, it can be a little bit trickier. Now, with the regular pronouns which are definite pronouns, like: "I", "you", "he", "she", "it", and... These are singular; and "we", "they", and "you" sometimes - these are plural. So that's also quite easy and usually you know that. But one area which can cause a lot of confusion to people who are learning English is something called indefinite pronouns, and there are lots of them. Okay? So, what I'm going to focus on in this lesson is five of the most confusing ones because sometimes they are singular, and sometimes they are plural. And I'm going to explain to you so you will know exactly what to do. I'm also going to review some of the others and tell you when they are... Which ones are always singular and which ones are always plural. So, first of all, just before we start, let me just tell you that an indefinite pronoun is what it says; it's not definite, so it doesn't refer to a specific person, or place, or thing. Okay? Let's get started. Okay, so we have, here: "Indefinite Pronouns", right? We have, as I said, three kinds; some that are always singular, some that are always plural, and the five which we're going to focus on in this lesson which could be singular or plural. Okay? All right. So, this is just to review these first. So, which ones are always singular? Things like: "Everybody", "everyone", "everything". So, we say: "Everybody is here.", "Everyone is here.", "Everything is here." Okay? We don't say "are". Same with: "Somebody is", "Someone is", "Something is", "Is anybody here?", "Is anyone here?", "Is anything here?" or... And so on. "Nobody", "no one", "nothing" - also singular. "Each", "every", "much". All of these are always singular. So, you have to learn that. If you're not sure, you need to review that, but these are always singular. Okay? They're always talking about only one, so they are... Even though it seems like there's a lot. Okay? When we say: "Everyone", we're talking about, like, a group of people, so sometimes people think that means it's plural, but it's not; it's actually singular. So, you have to learn that because we're considering one group. Next, we have a second category of indefinite pronouns which are always plural. These kind of make sense, so let's look at them. "Both", obviously we're talking about at least two people-right?-here. So: "Several", which means many - this is plural. "Both of them are", "Several of the customers are", "A few of the customers are here.", "Many of the customers are here.", and "Others are here." Okay? So, these indefinite pronouns are always plural - that's easy, and a little bit easier even than this one. Right? But what happens when we come to these? These five are a little bit more confusing, because sometimes we can say the singular version, which is "is" and sometimes "are", or depending on whatever the verb is. So, what are these indefinite pronouns that could go either way? They are: "Most", "all", "none", "any", and "some". So, now I'm going to explain to you exactly when they become singular and when they are plural. Okay, so the way that you decide with these five indefinite pronouns: "Most", "all", "none", "any", or "some"... The way you decide whether the verb should be singular or plural is based on what follows these terms. Okay? Let me give you an example. First we're going to start with the easy example with countable nouns. So: "Most of the book is interesting." […]
Parallelism: The secret to great writing Parallelism: The secret to great writing
2 years ago En
Parallelism or parallel structure is one of the secrets of great writing. It gives greater balance and power to the way you communicate. It will help you get higher grades, improve your job prospects, and look more professional. In this lesson, I explain all about parallelism -- what it is and how to use it correctly. This easy but important lesson will take your English to a higher level. Follow up by watching my lesson on the Magic of 3 to strengthen your English even more: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0FcAub-xqGQ&index=94&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDZgp8e6i0oyXOOrTAAaj0O7&t=0s Take the quiz on this lesson here: https://www.engvid.com/parallelism-great-writing/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. This lesson is for you if you want to learn how to communicate more powerfully in just a short time. This lesson is about something called: "Parallelism" or "Parallel Structure". Now, in case you've never heard of it, or if you've heard of it but you're not sure what it is, I just want to tell you that it's something really important, especially in academic circles or in the business world. All right? And also socially. So, whether you're speaking, or whether you're writing, this principle of parallelism will help you to communicate more effectively. So, first of all, what is parallelism? So, it's a speaking or writing technique in which you communicate more powerfully by balancing different parts of your sentence, and I'm going to show you lots of examples so you understand exactly. So, when we create a sentence that has parallel structure, it means that when we have a list of items in our sentence, all of the forms of speech should be the same. For example, you have verbs, verbs, verbs; nouns and nouns; adjectives and adjectives; adverbs and adverbs. Now, that seems obvious, but in real life when people speak and write, they don't always do that. So I'm going to show you: "What are the benefits of using parallelism?" and also exactly how to use them in a sentence. So, some of the benefits that you will get when you start creating sentences with parallel structure are that your sentences will have more weight, they'll be more balanced, they'll have more rhythm to them, they'll have more style, more clarity (they'll be more clear), and also you'll be able to emphasize things more. And as a result of all that, your speaking or your writing will be much more dramatic and much more powerful. And you may not realize why, but it's really important that this parallel structure exists. Now, in addition, it's not just something to make it better, it's not just something to improve your communication. In academic circles, if you don't follow these parallel structure rules, it's actually considered a mistake in writing; it's considered very weak writing, bad writing, poor writing, and you will get lower grades as a result of that. Okay? So it's really important, especially if you're in the academic world or writing anything serious or in the business world, to write this way. Let's look at some simple examples first. Okay? So, this sentence, the first one: "Janet sings and dances." So here, what do we see? We see verbs and verbs: "Janet sings and dances." If somebody didn't write this sentence properly, they might write: "Janet sings and is dancing." Now, here it didn't match because this was present simple, so this should be a verb in the present simple; they should both be verbs, they should both be in the same tense, and so on. Okay? Let's look at more examples. "We enjoy reading and cooking." Here we have two gerunds: "reading", "cooking". Next: "I like to watch movies and to travel abroad." Okay? Now, you see how that seems really balanced? Okay? So we have: "to watch movies", so we have an infinitive and a noun, and "to travel abroad". "To travel", infinitive and a... Well, it's not a noun, but it's like a noun, it functions like a noun. Next: "The reasons for my view are political, cultural, and social." So here we have three adjectives. Now, up til now we had two, now we have three. And if you've watched my earlier lesson on: "The Power of Three" or "The Magic of Three", you will know that this is really special. This is like parallelism on steroids. This is like the best kind of writing you can do, and a lot of very famous leaders and writers write this way, using parallelism in threes to make things much more effective. So, if you haven't watched that other lesson, I will tell you where you can get it; it's called: "The Magic of Three" on our website. So: "The reasons for my view are political, cultural, and social." Three adjectives. "The police acted quickly and carefully." Okay? So we have here: "quickly", "carefully", two adverbs. And last: "We enjoy comedies, dramas, and documentaries." So you have here three nouns. Right? So that's what's important: nouns with nouns, adverbs with adverbs, adjectives with adjectives - you get the idea. Okay? Now, if you get the idea, work with me, stay with me. […]
When to use CAPITAL LETTERS in English When to use CAPITAL LETTERS in English
3 years ago En
Do you know when to use capital letters in titles? It seems so confusing. Some letters are capitalized and some are not. In this lesson, I focus on the extra-confusing words -- the ones that are sometimes capitalized and sometimes not! You'll learn the easy capitalization rules for writing about subjects, courses, companies, workplaces, occupations, and job titles. You'll also learn how to capitalize the names of movies, shows, books, songs, reports, articles, and more. You can do this -- watch and learn! Then take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/capital-letters-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is about confusing capitals. Now, usually when you learn the rules of English capitalization, certain words are always capitalized. Okay? For example, the first word in a sentence, the word "I", the names of people and places, and so on. Okay? Some words are always capitalized, but in this lesson I'm not going to review all of the rules of capitalization, but I am going to show you about when to capitalize certain words and when not to capitalize them, because sometimes the same words are capitalized in one context, but not capitalized in another context. But it's not hard to understand; it's actually very easy. Okay? So I'm going to explain it to you right now. Let's get started. So, the first one is in the area of a subject or a course. For example, if we're talking about a subject that you study, for example, algebra, then you do not capitalize it. For example, if you say: "I'm studying algebra this year." Okay? So you're just talking about the subject, and therefore it's not capitalized. But if you're talking about the subject as a course, as the name of a course, then you do capitalize it. Okay? For example: "This year I'm taking Algebra 101." Okay? That's the name of that course, so you do capitalize it then. Okay? Let's look at another example. "She's studying psychology. This year she's studying... She's taking Psychology 201." Or: "She's enrolled in the Psychology 201 class." Okay? Excuse me. All right. Another example: "I would like to study business in university." Okay? The person is being very general, just talking about the subject. But: "This year I'm taking a course called Global Business." Okay? Now you're giving the name of the course, right? So what's the rule here? If we're just talking about the general subject, no capital; if we're talking about the course, then yes, we do capitalize it. Okay? All right. There is one little exception: When we're talking about languages, and this is always true. So if you're studying French or whether you're taking French 101, you're always going to capitalize the name of a language. Okay? And that's just because in English we always capitalize the name of a language; doesn't matter which one. Okay? That's it. All right. Now, when it comes to places, let's look at how it works. So, for example, if I say: "She works in a bank." Okay? A bank, the bank, it's just the place, the building or whatever. Okay? The business. So then it's not capitalized. But if I say: "She works at the Brookfield Bank", now I gave you the name of the bank, so therefore it is capitalized. Okay? Because, again, the name of something is capitalized; the name of a person, or a place. Right? So then it will be capitalized. Or I say: "I went to the library." Okay? "I often study at the library." Okay? Just a library in general, not capitalized. Or: "I often visit the Toronto Public Library." Now I'm giving you the name of a specific library, right? So, of course, it gets capitalized. Got it? Okay. Or: "He goes to university." Okay? He's in university, just a regular word so we don't capitalize it. But: "He got admission to the University of Oxford." Okay, now we're giving the name of the university, so you do have to capitalize it. Okay? Got it? All right. So I hope that's pretty clear so far. All right? So when we're giving the name of a course or we're giving a name of the particular place, like a bank, a library, university, a school, a business-right?-then you're going to capitalize it; and otherwise, in general, not. Okay. Now let's look when we're talking about professions and titles. So, the rule is like this: If you're just talking about... Let's say: "I went to see the doctor." Okay? Or: "I need to see a doctor." So if before the profession you say the word "a" or "the"-okay?-then you don't capitalize it because you're just talking about a doctor in general; you're not giving the name of the doctor, you're not saying which doctor. So, here we just say: "I need to see a doctor." Or: "I have an appointment with Dr. Patel." Now this is the name of the doctor, right? So then we need to capitalize the "D" for "Doctor" and, of course, his or her name. All right? Next: "I would like to speak to the professor." Okay? "The professor", again, general, so no capital, but here: "You need to make an appointment to see Professor Brown." […]
Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English Pronunciation: How native speakers say TO, FOR, FROM in English
3 years ago En
Want to speak more naturally in English? I'll show you what happens when native speakers use "to", "for", and "from" in normal conversation. Listen to how these words are reduced and shortened. Learn how to make these three simple changes in your own speaking style. After this lesson, you will understand native English speakers more easily and they will understand you! TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson I'm going to show you some simple ways in which you can understand native English speakers when they speak, and some simple changes you might want to make when you speak so that they can understand you more easily. Okay? So let's look at what they are. They will involve these three prepositions, which we use very often. Right? They are: "to", "for", and "from". Now, normally, if we just say this word: "to", "for", or "from", then we would say it like that, but you don't normally just say the word: "to", or "for", or "from"; you usually use it in a sentence. Right? So what happens when a native speaker or you use this word in a sentence? Right now what you're probably doing is actually still saying it like that, as if it was alone, like: "to". But what happens when we use it in a sentence is we don't say: "to". With this one, we say: "t'". We say: "t'", "t'", "t'". So what happened to it? It became shorter, it became reduced, it became a little less stressed. Okay? Now, the word: "for", what do we actually say when we're using it in a sentence? We don't say: "for", we, again, shorten it or reduce it, and we say: "f'r", "f'r", "f'r". Okay? I know it sounds weird when I'm saying it like this, but you'll see how it works when it's in a sentence, and then you will be able to understand what people are saying when they speak at normal speed. All right? The third one: "from" by itself sounds like "from", but when we use it in a sentence we're shortening it and it ends up sounding like this: "fr'm", "fr'm", "fr'm". Okay? Did you hear that? All right. Now, because you are used to saying what you see, what I'd like you to do for this first part just to train your ears right now is close your eyes and just listen to me as I read out some sentences. Okay? Doesn't matter. Just try to hear it. "I love to read.", "He wants to go home.", "She's going to the store." So what do you hear there? You can open your eyes for a second. Even though we had: "I love to read", we didn't say: "I love to read." I said: "I love t' read.", "He wants t' go home.", "She's going t' the store." So: "to" became "t'". Okay? All right. Again, close your eyes for the next three. "I'm waiting for someone.", "Our house is for sale.", "Good for you." Okay? Open your eyes. Again, you had the word "for" there but it went much faster. Now try to match what I'm saying with what you see. "I'm waiting f'r someone.", "Our house is f'r sale.", "Good f'r you." See how the "for" became "f'r", "f'r"? Okay? Close your eyes again. "I'm from Canada.", "It's from your brother.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00.", "We work from 8:00 to 4:00." Okay? So: "I'm fr'm Canada", not: "I'm from Canada." Okay? We don't need to say each word separately. "I'm fr'm Canada.", "It's fr'm your brother.", "fr'm", "We work fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00." Okay? There you had two of them: "fr'm 8:00 t' 4:00". Okay? So, sometimes you have to train your ear and sometimes you have to train your eyes to not necessarily say exactly what you see. All right? And that's what we're going to practice next when you actually practice saying them. All right? Here we go. Oh, I forgot something. When the word "for" is used at the end of a sentence or a question, then we do say: "for". Okay? That's a bit of an exception. For example: "What's this used for?" We don't say: "What's this used f'r?" Okay? That's was when it's in the middle somewhere, but when it's at the end then we do pronounce it that way. So: "What's this used for?", "What's this used for?" Okay? So then we are saying "for". Now we can practice. Okay, so now let's see if you can make the small changes that you need to make in these three prepositions in order to sound a little bit more natural. So, what are those changes again? "To" becomes "t'", "for" becomes "f'r'", "from" becomes "fr'm". Okay? So, let's try it. "It's going to rain." You say it. "It's going to rain.", "It's going t' rain." Okay? You can repeat after me or you can try to say it with me, or before me. All right? Number two: "She worked there for a year.", "She worked there f'r a year." Not: "for a year", "f'r a year". Good. "I'm free from Sunday.", "I'm free fr'm Sunday." Good. […]
How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals How to make your English learning plan and achieve your goals
3 years ago En
You’re working on your English, but do you have a plan? In this special video, you’ll build your English learning plan by answering six simple questions. Based on your specific goals, I’ll tell you how to achieve them with free and/or paid options. You'll learn what areas of English you can work on by yourself, and when you need the help of an English teacher. I’ll explain when you should take group classes and when private lessons with an English tutor are better. If you’re here, you want to learn English. It may be for academic, professional, or personal reasons, or to pass an English exam, such as TOEFL, or IELTS. These days, there are many options for you to learn English: books, videos, online, English schools, private tutors, Skype, newspapers, movies, music, and so many more! I’ll discuss each of these methods and how they can help you reach your goal quickly, and efficiently, regardless of your budget. I’ve helped thousands of English learners reach their goals, and I know you can do it too! To contact me about private online lessons, go to https://www.RebeccaEzekiel.com/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this special lesson I'm going to show you how to plan your English learning so that you can get the best results based on your needs. And in order to identify your needs, we're going to go through a series of questions. Okay? Now, these are the same questions that I use with my consulting clients from all over the world to help to find the best path for them to achieve their goals. And I believe, if you follow these steps, you will be able to do the same thing. So what you might want to do is to grab a piece of paper, and as we go through the questions, make some notes for yourself. Okay? And then by the end of the lesson, you may actually have a much clearer idea of what the next step is in order to achieve your English learning goals. Okay? And also, what are the best strategies that you can use to get there. Okay? So, are you ready? Let's get started. Okay, so the first question that you need to ask yourself is: "Why are you learning English?" Now, I know that sounds pretty obvious, like: "Why? Well, okay. I need to... I have to..." These are some of the things that I hear upfront, then when we go a little bit further we start to get more real reasons. And why is that important? Why is the "Why?" of our life important? Because the "Why?" is the motivation, the "Why?" is your fuel to reach... To help you take this journey. Okay? Learning English is a journey, and you need that motivation and you need to know clearly: "Why am I doing all of this?" And so, in order to do that... First somebody might say to me: "Well, I'm learning English for my job." I say: -"Okay. Why are you learning English for your job?" -"To get a better job." -"Why are you trying to get a better job?" -"To earn more money." -"Why are you trying to earn more money?" -"Because I have to provide for my family." -"Why do you have to provide for your family?" -"Because I love them. They're the most important thing in the world with... to me." Okay, now we found the real reason. It wasn't just that you're learning English for your job, you're learning English for your family who you love with all your heart. So, like in everything, there's a rational reason why we do something and there's an emotional reason. If you can find your emotional reason, then along with your rational reason, now you have really strong motivation. So ask yourself these questions, okay? Because nobody has to do anything; we choose to do something. Find your: "Why?" and you will have the strongest motivation to achieve your goals. Okay? So, now, more specifically, let's look at some of the "Whys" that people have usually. So, number one: University. Let's suppose you're trying to get into university. Why is it important to know that? Because the "Why?" is also going to determine the "What?" What you need to study. So what's your "Why?" Is it to get into university? If so, then you need to focus on academic English. All right? And that's actually an entire field of English language learning. It's called English for academic purposes. Then you need to get those kind of books, attend those kind of courses, work with teachers who have experience in those areas. All right? Why? Because your needs are very specific. Right? Your needs are to be able to write papers and assignments at a university level, to understand lectures, to read textbooks with lots of technical vocabulary. Right? So that's why focusing in on your "Why?" to get into university will help you to determine your "What?" All right? There are many more questions. Let's suppose your "Why?" is an exam, you need to pass an exam. Then... Let's suppose it's the IELTS, or the TOEFL, or the TOEIC, or the PTE, then your study strategy is completely different. Right? From somebody else, because these exams are like a world in themselves. […]
Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1 Speak like a Manager: Verbs 1
3 years ago En
This "Speak like a Manager" lesson teaches you eight English verbs with hundreds of uses. A real vocabulary hack to learn English faster then ever! Learn to use the words identify, resolve, motivate, focus, minimize, maximize, generate, and implement. These verbs are especially useful in business and professional situations. You'll learn powerful collocations or word combinations to use these eight advanced verbs in hundreds of creative ways. Make sure to subscribe to get all the lessons in my Speak like a Manager series (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxSz4mPLHWDamTa4xW7tkb-roADpiT5Jf). GET THE FREE LIST OF 100+ BUSINESS ENGLISH COLLOCATIONS HERE: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/speak-like-a-manager-100-business-english-collocations/ TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/speak-like-a-manager-verbs-1/ WATCH NEXT: How to change basic English into business English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZDNgtAsbw&t=0s&list=PLxSz4mPLHWDb5ilkSD089gY2UwKiP72S7&index=4 TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Today I'm especially excited to welcome you to a new series that I've created called: "How to Speak like a Manager". In this series you will learn how to take general English and upgrade it to business English. Okay? And we'll be doing that by looking at different verbs that you can use, adjectives, nouns, and so on. Okay? But today in this lesson we will be focusing on eight verbs. But you might be asking: "Only eight verbs and I can become a manager?" Well, yes. "Why?" Because I'm going to show you how these eight verbs, to start with, can actually be used in hundreds of ways, in different collocations or combinations of words, so therefore you'll be able to use them in all kinds of situations. Definitely in professional situations, but also in social situations or personal situations. Okay? So, let's start right now. Okay. So let's suppose what you want to say in general English or regular English is something like this: "I need to find out what's wrong." Okay? Now, on this side is all the regular English or the general English. Okay? And on this side we're going to express the same idea, but in higher English, in more advanced business English or more professional English. And you're going to help me because I didn't write the word in yet. You're going to help me because perhaps you already know some of these words, but even if you know them you might not realize how many different ways we can actually use those same words, and that's what I want you to be able to do. Okay? So suppose your idea in your mind is that: "I need to find out what's wrong." So how can we say that in more professional English? "I need to", the verb starts with "i": "I need to _______ the problem. I need to identify the problem." Okay? So, our first word today is "identify". Say it after me: "identify the problem". Good. Now, suppose the idea you're trying to convey is: "I need to fix the problem." Okay? "Fix" is a very ordinary word, so what better word could we use here? "I need to _______ the issue or the issues. I need to", you might know this word. "I need to resolve", okay? So, "resolve" is just like "solve", but usually we say: "Solve the problem", but we might say: "Resolve the issue". And "resolve" is an even higher, more advanced word. And the higher vocabulary that you use, the more professional you will sound. Okay? And that's what our goal is. Right? Okay, next: "I need to give people confidence." So what's a good word or verb for that? "To give somebody confidence" is to, something starts with "m": "I need to _______ my employees. I need to..." Do you know this word? I'm sure you've heard it. "Motivate". Okay? Say it after me: "Motivate" or "motivate". You can say the "t"; sometimes it's easier and clearer for people to understand you when you say the "t". So let's say the "t" now: "Motivate. I need to motivate my employees" or: "I need to motivate my employees." Okay? Instead of saying: "I need to give people confidence", because you see that all the verbs here are very ordinary, everyday verbs, and those are higher-level verbs. Next: "I need to give clients my attention." Again, we have a very weak verb here, so how can you say that: "I need to give my attention to my clients or give clients my attention"? The word... The verb starts with "f": "I need to _______ on our clients." What's the verb? Do you know it? "I need to focus", okay? Say it after me: "Focus". Be careful how you pronounce this word because otherwise it can sound improper. All right? "I need to focus on our clients." Sounds a lot better than saying: "I need to give my attention to my clients." Okay? "I need to focus". Next: "I need to spend as little as possible". "Spend as little" means spend as little money. So what's one word that captures that idea, to spend as little as possible? It starts with "m": "I need to _______ our expenses or our costs." Do you know what it is? Okay? So the word is "minimize". […]
Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE Basic English Grammar: How to Use WAS and WERE
3 years ago En
Do you make mistakes with "was" and "were"? Learn how and when to use the past tense of the verb "to be" with this simple, clear lesson. Practice using "was" and "were" in sentences and questions. An important and useful lesson for beginners and anyone who wants to review the important verb "to be" in English. Next, watch my video on the difference between Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect, and Present Perfect: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0q24_bB_54 After the lesson, take the quiz to test yourself: https://www.engvid.com/basic-english-grammar-was-were/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use the past tense of the verb "to be". Now, as you know, the verb "to be" is a really important verb, so in this lesson you'll learn how to use the words "was" and "were" correctly in English. Now, this is a beginner's lesson, but even if you are at any level and you just want to review the basics, this lesson will help you. So, let's get started. So, the verb "to be", of course, can be used in the present, in the past, and also in the future. But in this lesson we are focusing on how to use it in the past. I'm going to just review very quickly how to use it in the present, but I think you already know that. Right? Okay. So, when we say: "The present", what do we mean by that? It could mean right now, it could mean this year, it could mean today. Right? So, for example: "I am at work right now. Yesterday I was at home." So when I say "was", that's the past. The past can be yesterday, last night, last week, five years ago; any time before now is the past. Okay. So, let's take another example. "He is a manager this year. Last year he was a worker". "He is" becomes "He was". Next: "She is in London today. Yesterday she was in Paris." Again, "is" became "was". Another example: "It is cold today. Yesterday it was hot." So, once again, "is" became "was". So what's the pattern here? What do you see? I know you see the pattern, so the pattern is that all of these became "was". So: "I am", "I was"; "He is", "He was"; "She is", "She was"; "It is", "It was", right? So all of these: "am" and "is" become "was" in the past. All right? Let's go to some other pronouns. "We are studying right now. Yesterday we were working". "We were", make sure you pronounce that properly. A lot of people make a mistake when they say "were". It's not the word "where", like the question. It's "were". Okay? Say it with me: "We were studying." Good. Or, sorry: "We were working." All right. Another example: "You are married today. Yesterday you were single." Okay? Somebody just got married. All right. "They are here right now, but a few hours ago they were over there." Okay? All right. So, what do you see here? Another pattern. Whatever is "are" in the present tense becomes "were" in the past tense, that's all. So there's only two possibilities in the past tense: "was" or "were". Okay? So, here's a little review: "am" and "is" become "was"; and "are" becomes "were". Now, one last little point: "was" and "were" can be used by themselves. Okay? So this can be a verb used by itself. For example: "It was hot." This is just the verb "to be" by itself, or "was" and "were" can be used as helping verbs. For example: "We were working." Okay? So that's just a little something to keep in mind. Now, next, you'll learn how to use "was" and "were" in English. Now let's look at how to use "was" and "were" in positive sentences, negative sentences, and also in questions. Okay? So, as you've already learned: "I", "He", "She", and "It" all use "was". Right? "I was at home", "He was at home", "She was at home", "It was at home". "It" can be for a thing, for example, a cellphone. All right? If you want to make that sentence negative, then basically in English what we have to add is the word "not": "I was not", but when we're speaking we don't usually say: "I was not at home." We just say something a little shorter, we say: "I wasn't at home." Do you want to repeat that after me so you can learn how to pronounce it really well? "I wasn't at home." Now, when you're writing it, just remember that the apostrophe goes where we take out the "o". So: "was" and "not", take out the "o" and add the apostrophe, and then you'll not only say it perfectly, you'll also spell it perfectly. Good. So: "I was", "I wasn't". And then to make a question, we just change the order. Same word, right? "Was I at home? I don't remember.", "Was he at school?", "Was she at work?", "Was it on the shelf?" Okay? So you're just changing the order when you make a question, so that's pretty straightforward. Now let's look at what happens with: "We", "You", and "They". For that we have to use "were". "We were", "You were", "They were". And how do we make it negative? Again, you only add the word "not". […]
Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method Master AT, ON, IN with the TRIANGLE method
3 years ago En
No more confusion! Learn my simple trick to using "at", "on" and "in" for better English and higher grades. Master these common prepositons of time to speak and write more fluently. After watching, go get my free resource on the rules, expressions, and exceptions when using "at", "on" and "in" in English at https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-expressions-using-at-on-and-in-prepositions-of-time/ You can also take the quiz at https://www.engvid.com/at-on-in-triangle-method/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. By the end of this lesson you will learn how to use three of the most confusing prepositions in English, and they are: "at", "on", and "in", as applied to time. Now, if you think you're alone in having problems with these little words, you are not alone. Many students have difficulty with these words because they're different in their native languages and probably in yours. Right? So, what do you do? Well, keep watching because I have found a solution which has helped many of my students, and I think it will help you, and that is by using a pyramid or a triangle-okay?-to learn these three important words. Let's see how it works. So, like the triangle: "at" is used in very specific situations, very narrow situations. For example: "At 5:00", "At 12:30", "At midnight", right? It's very exact. It's very narrow. "On", like the triangle, is a little bit broader and it's used for one day or one date. For example: "On Monday", or "On January 25th", "On New Year's Day". Right? Got it? Are you with me? Good. Let's continue. Now, "in" is the widest of the lot, as you can see, like in the triangle; "at", "on", "in". So, "in" covers things like months, seasons, years, decades, centuries, and any kind of long period. For example, we say in English: "In July", "In summer" or "In the summer", "In 2005", "In the 1960s", "In the 1800s", which was a long time ago, or: "In the past". We can also say: "In the future", okay? Because it's also a long period of time. Did you get that? So: "at" for very narrow situations; "on" for little bit wider, one day or one date-right?-and "in" for the widest situations of all, more than one day or one date. Now, let's do a little practice to see how well you've understood this. Okay, now let's fill in the blanks with our three words: "at", "on", and "in". But before we fill them in here, let's fill them in on our triangle. So, do you remember: What goes at the top, what's very narrow and covers a very specific time? "At", very good. What's a little bit more than that, covering one day or one date? "On", very good. And what's the widest of the lot, covering months, and seasons, and years, and decades, and centuries? "In", okay? You've got it. Now let's apply what we've learned, because otherwise there's no point, so let's do it. So: "_______ 6:00." What do we say? Do you remember? "At 6:00." Excellent. "_______ Sunday." One day, right? "On Sunday." Very good. "_______ winter." What do we say? It's a long period of time, especially in Canada where I live, okay? So: "In winter." We can also say: "In the winter." Same thing. And: "_______ Independence Day." It's one day, so we need to say: "On Independence Day." Okay? Very Good. Now let's continue to some sentences, because that's how you actually use the language. Number five: "See you _______ noon." "See you..." Now, what's "noon"? "Noon" means 12 o'clock in the afternoon, it's a precise, exact time, so we say: "See you at noon." Very good. Number six: "I'll call you _______ Friday." "I'll call you on Friday." Very good, because it was one day. Next one: "We have a meeting _______ 4:30." "We have a meeting", specific time, which one? "...at 4:30". Very good. And the last one: "They're getting married _______ March 9th." It's one day, okay? One date. So, it is this one: "They're getting married on March 9th." Okay? So, you can see that the triangle can help you to remember which preposition to use when. Now, here's some more things you can do to help you remember this really, really well. First of all, go to our website at www.engvid.com, and there you'll find a resource which I've written which explains all of this, and also you can print it out, you can download it for free. Everything is for free; no cost. Okay? And there you'll find exercises and explanations of this, and also an explanation of some exceptions and expressions that we use with "at", "on", and "in". There are about more than 50 of them. Okay? So you'll find the explanation of the triangle, plus more. Second, while you're at the website, www.engvid.com, you'll find hundreds of other lessons which can help you with your English. Okay? Lots and lots of lessons at different levels; beginner, intermediate, advanced, business English, pronunciation, grammar, IELTS, TOEFL, you name it. Okay? It's all available and it's all for free.
The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making! The 10 WORST English mistakes you're making!
3 years ago En
Test yourself and find out if you make any of these mistakes in English! These are some of the worst mistakes people make in English -- but they are also very common. Both native speakers of English and English learners make them. I'll show you have to correct these writing and speaking errors quickly and easily. If you need more help with any of these issues, you can watch an entire lesson that focuses on it. Here are the individual lesson videos on each point: 1. YOUR & YOU'RE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRxod7diTkU 2. WHO'S & WHOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04YAkWJw3Js 3. IT'S & ITS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-_vU1WlKTA 4. THERE & THEIR: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3SAngtK4lg 5. LOSE & LOOSE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWHikwIGTvs 6. GOOD OR WELL?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xS1Krim0TUo 7. DO & MAKE resource page: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/do-make-expressions/ 8. AT, ON, IN – PREPOSITIONS OF TIME: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efuX_K-6ThY 9. I OR ME? SHE OR HER? THEY OR THEM?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHCUX5P0ow 10. PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDuZNqIeURA QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/10-worst-english-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT: Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In the next few minutes you'll find out if you make any of the 10 worst mistakes in English. Now, even though it seems like I'm joking, it's actually quite serious. These mistakes could make you fail an exam or a job interview, they could make you lose a sale or a client, they could also ruin your presentation, or worse still, your reputation. You really don't want to be making these mistakes. And luckily, you found this lesson, so at the end of this lesson you will know exactly what to do to fix these mistakes in case you make them. And if you don't make them, then you can feel really good and confident about the English that you do speak. Okay? So, let's get started. The first one... Now, I should say that the first five are all written mistakes, that is if you say these things, nobody will be able to tell what you're saying, but if you write them down then they will see your mistake. In other words, they are spelling mistakes, but the spelling mistake is based on a grammatical mistake that you have misunderstood something in English. Okay? But I'm here to explain it to you, so no worries. Here we go. Number one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or "You're late". Now you see, they sound the same, but this one is written "y-o-u-'-r-e". Have you seen this mistake on the internet? I see it all the time, but not by you I hope. So, what's the right answer here? The first one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or the second one? Okay? So, the correct one is this. This is the correct one, this is wrong. Why? Okay? "You're late" like this is what? "You are", it's a contraction or short form of "You are", and the other one: "Y-o-u-r" is a possessive form of "You". It means this is your book, this is your brother, etc. Okay? So: "You are late." is what you wanted there. Second one: "Who's that?", "W-h-o-'-s" or: "Whose that?", "W-h-o-s-e"? Which is correct? Well, this one is correct, and this is wrong because: "Who's that?" is short for: "Who is", "Who is that?" Again, it's a contraction or a short form. Right? And this one: "Whose" is a possessive word to ask: "Who does this belong to?" Okay? That's not what you want to say here. Number three: "It's time to go." or "Its time to go." Again, remember they sound exactly the same, they are what are called homonyms, but don't worry about that. You need to know how to spell, so is it like this or like this? Well, this is correct, this is not. This is, again, a contraction for: "It is", right? "It is time to go. It's time to go." This: "Its" with no apostrophe is the possessive form of "It", it shows that something belongs to it. All right? That's not what you want to use here. Next: "There here", "Their here", or "They're here". Again, they sound the same, but what's the correct spelling? Which word do you really want? So, we want this one. "They are here." Okay? It's a contraction. This one: "There" is the opposite of "Here", and "T-h-e-i-r", "Their" is the possessive form of "They", it means something belongs to them, and that's not what you want in this example. The last one here is: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Now, some people don't pronounce it correctly so they end up sounding the same, they actually pronounce differently, and spell differently, and the meaning is completely different. Okay? So: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?" Which is the right one? This is correct, and this is wrong. The first one: "lose" is a verb because that's... It means... Okay, like something is lost, you lost it. You lose something. And "loose" means not tight, like: "His pants were very loose", not tight. […]
How to read and write the date, and how NOT to! How to read and write the date, and how NOT to!
3 years ago En
If you don't know how to write the date correctly, you could lose your job. Are you scheduling a meeting, organizing an event, or planning a party? Watch this lesson first to avoid confusion. By reading or writing the date incorrectly, you could lose your job, miss an event, or even DIE. The date is written differently in different parts of the world, so it is important to know how to write for the people in your life. I'll show you how the date is written in different parts of the world, and teach you how to ALWAYS use the right date format. You'll learn when to write the date in words, when to use numbers, and what DD-MM-YY means. This lesson is important for everyone, but especially those who work with people from other countries. TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/how-to-read-and-write-the-date TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and I have a simple question for you today. What date is this? Look at it, and tell me what date it is. Now, you probably said one of these. You might have said: "April 3rd, 2018" or "the 4th of March, 2018", and that's the problem, that not everybody who is watching this video from different parts of the world said the same thing. Can you imagine all of the problems that would ensue, that would follow if you announced this date for a major event where people from all over the world are going to attend? You could lose your job for this one, and I'm not exaggerating. This is a really serious point to learn in today's lesson. Okay? Now, let's take it a little bit further. Let's imagine that you're organizing a conference. Let's pretend you're organizing a lecture at a university, or let's pretend that you're planning a wedding for a friend and you're sending out invitations. Okay? Let's see what happens if you write the date like this. Lots of interesting things, I assure you. All right, so let's see what happened. If you sent out an invitation or an announcement with the date written like this: "04-03-2018", the Americans and Filipinos wrote: "April 3rd, 2018" in their diaries. In the meantime, the Brits, Germans, Russians, Mexicans, Indians, and a whole lot of others wrote: "4th of March, 2018" in their diaries. Already confusion is on the horizon. Right? Lots of expenses, lots of confusion, lots of issues. And the Chinese, Korean, and Japanese, they really weren't sure because you weren't actually following their system at all, so they're flooding your inbox to ask you: "Which date did you actually mean?" And all of this is leading to a lot of unnecessary problems, so I'm going to show you exactly what you need to do, when you need to write the date in words, and at other times when you need to write the date in numbers, how to do that and what guidelines you can follow. Now, of course, I'm giving you the general picture, it will also depend a lot on your company, what policies they have regarding how you write the date, the date format, and so on. But I'm going to tell you exactly how to write the date in words and also in numbers when you really have to. Keep watching. Okay. So, as I said, when you have a choice, always write the date in words. And I'm going to show you exactly how you can do that in the next segment. But sometimes you don't have a choice. Sometimes, for example, if you're filing out a job application online or a government form, or a visa application, or you're writing the date on a cheque, sometimes you're going to see little squares where something is written in the background very lightly. It's usually a "D" or an "M" or a "Y", or all of them. Okay? So what does that "D", "M", and "Y" stand for? The "D" stands for "Day", the "M" stands for "Month" and the "Y" stands for "Year". Okay? So that already will help you a whole lot anytime you're filling out any kind of form. All right? Now, these are the different options you might see there and what will... I'm just trying to show you an example of how you would change the information based on what they're asking you with the "D", "M", and "Y". Okay? So let's suppose that you're filling out an application, a visa application, and they're going to ask for your birthdate. All right? And let's suppose your birthdate is January 3rd, 1986. If the form says: "Day/Month/Year", then you would write: "03/01/86". Now, usually they have two spots available for the day and the month, because they obviously... December is 12. Okay? You can't have more than two digits for the day or for the month. So if it just says... If it just has two, four, six spots there with a "D" and a "Y", you're going to write the date like that. Sometimes they switch it around, then you'll know: "Month/Day/Year", so in this case it would become January 3rd, '86. Okay? This is a situation in which the year is only asked for in two digits. Okay? Sometimes you see it like this: Year, month, day, then you would write, in this case: "86-01-03". Year, day, month: "86-03-01".
8 English Idioms to learn BY heart! 8 English Idioms to learn BY heart!
3 years ago En
What do you know "by heart"? Who did you call "by accident"? When will you make something "by hand"? Learn eight easy, everyday idioms in English, all starting with "by". These expressions can be heard at home, at school, and at work, so understanding them is a must, and using them is even better. Learn to do both, confidently and clearly. Let's start now! WATCH NEXT: 1. 8 IDIOMS WITH 'IN' AND 'ON': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZaFkJPMTjs 2. 5 'WORLD' IDIOMS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0IufiEw4SFE 3. EASY EXPRESSIONS WITH 'OUT OF': https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erA1adH1R_c TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/8-english-idioms-by/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid and today we have another lesson on idioms. "What? Another lesson on idioms?" Yes, because you can never learn enough idioms. Why? Because they're everywhere. Right? They're at school, they're at work, they're when you go out to parties. People are using idioms everywhere. Also, when you're watching TV, or watching a drama, you're watching sports, you hear them all over the place. The sooner you learn idioms, the more advanced your English will be, the more comfortable you'll feel around people because people use them and you understand what they're saying. Okay? All right. So today we're going to focus on eight idioms, not three, eight, eight-okay?-idioms that all start with the word "by". All right? So, let's get started. The first one: "by heart". Okay? Now, first of all, I've written all of the idioms here. These are the meanings, but they are all mixed up, so don't look there. Okay? You need to listen to me, and then we'll check later. All right? Let's do it like that. So, the first one: "by heart". What does it mean to know something or learn something by heart, by heart? It means from your memory, to know it just like that. For example, when you were a child-right?-you learned nursery rhymes probably, little poems that people teach children, and now if I ask you, you probably know them even though you might not have said them for years, you know them by heart. Okay? You know them from memory. All right, good. The next one: "by hand". When you say that somebody made something by hand, it literally means by hand, not by machine, that's the main point, so whether it's embroidery, whether it's making something out of wood, or making something out of stone, you made it by hand. Okay? It was not made by machine. All right. The next one, now, here there are two expressions that pretty much mean the same thing, so you might hear someone saying: "by chance" or "by coincidence". And what does that mean? That means something happened accidentally, without any planning. All right? And you were walking down the street, and by chance you met your old teacher, Rebecca, from engVid. "I remember you." Okay, all right, so that happened by chance or by coincidence. All right? And the last one here is: "by mistake" or "by accident". All right. So, have you ever called someone that wasn't the person you meant to call, you were trying to call? So then you called that number by mistake or by accident. That means you didn't plan to do it, it wasn't on purpose, it was a mistake. All right? So, now let's review them a little bit. So, if you did something without planning, just happened, then which one of these idioms describes that? It would be "by chance". Okay? There was no planning involved, it happened by chance or by coincidence. All right. The next one, not on purpose. Okay? You didn't make that... Dial that wrong number on purpose. You did it "by mistake" or "by accident" so when someone says: "Hello. Yes?" And you say: "Oh, I'm sorry, I called you by mistake." Okay? Or: "I called you by accident." All right. The next one, if something is not made by machine, then it is usually made "by hand". Okay? Good. And if you know something from memory, that means you know it "by heart". All right. Good. Okay? Let's go on, here. Now: "by the book". What does it mean when someone is the kind of person who goes by the book? When they say "the book", they're kind of referring to the book of rules, the book of laws. Okay? So, a person who goes by the book is a person who follows rules very strictly. All of us know people like this. Some people are more relaxed about rules, and some people are very strict about the rules. And those kind of people who are very strict or who are following the rules very strictly or applying them very strictly are called... We say they are going by the book. All right? Got it? Good. Now, another expression, it's a very commonly used one: "by and large". Okay? "By and large, how's the weather today? Is it a good day where you are, is it sunny, is it rainy"? "By and large" means on the whole, very generally, in general.
Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words! Vocabulary Hack: 2 suffixes, 200+ words!
3 years ago En
Expand your vocabulary with two easy suffixes: "-ize" and "-ization". Start using advanced verbs like "westernize', "criminalize", and "democratize" in your IELTS and TOEFL essays. Use advanced nouns like "monetization", "globalization", and "maximization" in business letters. Learn and study vocabulary in a smarter and more efficient way by understanding how words are created with these suffixes. For the best results, get my free resource page, with over 200 words that follow this pattern: https://www.engvid.com/english-resource/improve-vocabulary-learn-suffixes-ize-ization/ WATCH MY OTHER VOCABULARY HACK VIDEOS FOR TRICKS TO LEARN LOTS OF WORDS... FAST: Sound smarter & avoid mistakes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rKsm3AZuuFE Learn 30+ verbs in 10 minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WyF8qR-1JXA TAKE THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-hack-2-suffixes-200-words/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. Back with another vocabulary hack. So, what's a hack anyway? A hack is a shortcut, a way for you to learn or do anything faster and more effectively. Okay? So in this vocabulary hack lesson you're going to learn not one word at a time, but you're going to learn a principle that will allow you to learn hundreds of words. Does that sound good? I think so. Because when you're learning a new language, the more vocabulary you learn, the more advanced you get. Right? So, especially if you're going to appear for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam, this is a great lesson for you, and also if you just want to improve in your career, and at work, and write better letters to your clients and your boss, and so on, and be more impressive, this is a way to do that. Okay? Let's learn how. So, one of the keys to expanding your vocabulary is to use something called prefixes or suffixes. Now, a prefix is a group of letters that you add to the beginning of a word. A suffix is a group of letters that you add to the end of a word. In this vocabulary lesson we're going to focus on suffixes that you add to a verb and to a noun. Now, these suffixes are related so that once you make the verb you can also make the noun, and so you get... From one word you're going to get three words. And there are hundreds of words like this for which I will show you where you can get a resource so you can really expand your vocabulary. Okay? So, let me show you how it's done. The suffix that we add to the verb is "-ize" in American English, or "-ise" in Britain English. And to make a noun we add "-ization" in American English or "-isation" in British English. Okay? You'll understand exactly what that means in a second. So, what does it mean when we take a word which could be a noun, it could be an adjective, and we add this suffix? What happens? What does it mean? It means that you're going to make or cause something to be. For example, if you want to make something more final... Okay? You have reservations, you want to make them more final, so we say if we want to use the verb, we want to finalize them. Okay? See? We make the verb with the suffix. Or if you want to use the noun: the finalization of my reservations. Okay? So you add another verb and you add another noun just from one adjective, so you've got three words instead of just one word. If you're using the noun... So, what does the noun do? When we add "-ization" or "-isation", we're basically talking about the act, or process, or the result of making something a certain way. For example, let's take an example from the academic world. Okay? Lots of times you have to put something into your memory. Right? Whether it's a formula, or a poem, or a quotation, or something. So, what's the verb for that? We add "-ize", let's say: "memorize", and what's the noun for that? "Memorization", okay? Now, there's a little rhythm to this and we're going to practice that so that it comes to you really easily. Let's look at something from the business world. What do people in business want to do? They want to make as much money as possible, so let's say you had the word "maximum" and you want to make it into a verb, you add the "-ize", so you say: "I want to maximize my profits", or: "Our focus is on the maximization of our profits." Okay? Or: "Minimize our cost", "Minimization of our costs", okay? Now, even if you weren't familiar with these words before you can see how you can use them and how easily you can form them, and this pattern applies not only to these three words, but as I said, to hundreds of words, and I'm going to show you a few more examples right now.
No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules
3 years ago En
Do modals confuse you? Are you unsure how to use the words can, could, may, might, should, ought, must, have to, shall, will, or would? Watch this lesson and learn three easy rules to use modals correctly in English, once and for all! TEST YOURSELF WITH THE QUIZ: https://www.engvid.com/modals-3-easy-rules/ TRANSCRIPT Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson you'll learn how to use modal verbs properly, and how to avoid making the most common mistakes that students sometimes make when using these special helping verbs. Now, even though modal verbs doesn't sound that exciting, when you see what they are you'll realize that we use these verbs all the time, and so you need to know how to use them correctly. Right? Okay. So, let's look at what modal verbs are. So, these are words that express different kinds of things. For example, they might express ability, possibility, permission, obligation. Okay? And some other things like that. And they behave differently from regular verbs, and that's why they're sometimes a little bit confusing. But let's look at some examples of what modal verbs are. "Can", "could", "may", "might", "should", "ought to", "must", "have to", "will", "shall", and "would". Okay? These are the most common ones. All right. So, I'm going to give you now three basic rules that you can follow to avoid most of the mistakes that are usually made with the modal verbs. Okay? So, first of all, make sure to use the modal verb as is. That means don't change it in the present, or the past, or the future. For example, we can say: "He can swim." This is a correct sentence. It would be wrong to say: "He cans swim." Because, here, the student put an extra "s" there. All right? And we don't need to change that modal verb ever. Okay? All right. Second, use the base form of the verb after a modal. Don't use "to". What do I mean by that? For example, you should say: "He might join us." Not: "He might to join us." Okay? This is a really common error, so make sure you don't make this one. So don't use the full infinitive to join after a word like "might". Just use the base form of the verb, which is: "join". "He might join us.", "He could join us.", "He should join us.", "He must join us." and so on, without "to". All right? Very good. Now, the next point is if you need to, say, use the modal verb in the negative form, then just use "not" after the modal. All right? Don't add any extra words most the time; there's one little exception, I'll explain that to you, but for most of them, don't use words like: "don't", or "doesn't", or "isn't", "aren't", "wasn't", "won't". Okay? So, with most of these modal verbs just say "not". For example: "You should not smoke." Not: "You don't should smoke." All right? So, here the student knows and learned all these lovely words: "don't", "doesn't", "isn't", "aren't", all that and try to use it when using the modal verb, but that's wrong. Okay? So, the only exception is with the verb... With the modal verb "have to", there if you want to make it negative, you need to say: "You don't have to do this", okay? But with the other ones, we just say: "You cannot", "You could not", "You may not", "You might not", "You should not", "You ought not to", okay? So there you have to be careful where to place it. "You must not", this one I told you is an exception. "You will not", "You shall not", and "You would not". Okay? And the other thing to keep in mind when you're using this word and "not", this is a really common mistake, so the important thing to remember: This actually becomes one word. Okay? Only in that case. You don't say... You say: "cannot", but it's actually one word. All right? Most of the time, almost always "not" is a separate word with all of the modal verbs. But not with "can". With "can" it actually becomes one word: "I cannot arrive"-okay?-"on time", like that. Okay? So, now that you've got these basic rules and you've understood how it works, let's do some practice to see how well you've understood. Okay, so let's get started with our exercises. Now, the rules are written at the top just in case you didn't remember them exactly. First one, remember use it as it is, don't change the modal verb. Second one, use with the base verb. Don't use the full infinitive "to" something. And the last one: Use "not" after the modals when it's negative. Okay? All right. Try to keep those in mind, but most of all let's look at the actual examples and you tell me what's wrong with them. There is something wrong with each and every one of these sentences. Okay. Number one: "You must to finish your homework. You must to finish your homework." What's wrong there? What did the person do wrong? They added "to". All right? This was our second rule. Right? You cannot use "to".