Vsauce2
Welcome to the official Vsauce2 YouTube channel! Hosted by Kevin Lieber, Vsauce2 explores recreational mathematics including, paradoxes, math games, riddles and more to uncover the surprising complexity beneath seemingly simple concepts. Vsauce2 launched in December 2010 and is run by Kevin Lieber. Vsauce is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1 Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2 Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3 Matthew Tabor: Writer for Vsauce2 Alisha Garza: Coordinator You: Thanks for watching!

258 videos
The Food You Can Cook Inside Your Body The Food You Can Cook Inside Your Body
6 days ago En
Get The Curiosity Box: https://bit.ly/2OU3Iik Save $15 on a platinum subscription with code: WRINKLEBRAIN Vsauce2 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce2/ In my video about whether your heart is too hot to hold, I started to wonder whether your body itself could actually cook food inside it. Maybe in your mouth, maybe in your stomach, maybe in your… anyway, what can you cook with the body heat nature gave you? Believe it or not, there are options for identifying the food you can cook inside your body. Yeah, you took the question to r/askreddit, so I'm taking it seriously, because no science question is THAT stupid. Cooking matters, and even the Italian Ice-Man Otzi was well-equipped to start and maintain fires for cooking and heating. From making food last longer and improving its taste to ensuring you don’t fill your body with bacteria and worms, heating food matters to survivability. But if pregnant moms aren’t slow-cooking their babies, how can you possibly transform food without digesting it? Maybe y
Could a Toothpaste Sandwich Brush Your Teeth? Could a Toothpaste Sandwich Brush Your Teeth?
3 weeks ago En
The first 1000 people to use this link will get a free trial of Skillshare Premium Membership: https://skl.sh/vsauce202211 Thanks to Skillshare for sponsoring this video. Every time you squirt minty toothpaste onto the synthetic bristles of a toothbrush and scrub them back and forth across your teeth, a question burns in your brain: Could a toothpaste sandwich brush your teeth just as well instead? You’re doing virtually the same thing ancestors thousands of years ago did with sticks and tooth powders. Yours just tastes better, so why not turn it into a food? This question has come up on r/askreddit more than once, so people actually want to know. And the honest answer is... well, yes, you probably can brush your teeth with a toothpaste sandwich, with a few conditions. Dental health has made tremendous progress over centuries, but at the same time, it’s been variations on virtually the same themes. It’s good that we don’t whiten our teeth with urine or sulfuric acid anymore, though. We've come a long way
Are Your Organs Too Hot To Hold? Are Your Organs Too Hot To Hold?
4 weeks ago En
Thanks to Stereo for sponsoring this episode, and you can join in on my next live show! Just download Stereo and follow me here: https://stereo.com/vsauce2 Check out the conversations with YouTubers and the live Stereo audience: William Osman: https://stereo.com/u/r21buULq4aXcZ21 Jabrils: https://stereo.com/u/r21oLU3UDySNZ21 To settle a bet with your best friend, you jam your hand deep into his thoracic cavity to grip his heart. You want to see whether it’s actually as searing-hot as he claims it is. Will it burn your hand? Are your internal organs too hot to hold onto? Well… no. But there’s more to it than you think. Confusion over temperature scales misleads people worldwide, but the biological reality is that homeostasis keeps your insides at a fairly stable core temperature because it has to. Humans just aren’t like lizards, fish, and ostriches. The human hypothalamus acts as a thermostat to keep everything running smoothly -- except when you have a fever. But even that has a purpose. Thermoregula
Why Doesn't Lightning Kill All The Fish? Why Doesn't Lightning Kill All The Fish?
1 month ago En
PUT WRINKLES ON YOUR BRAIN Get The Curiosity Box by Vsauce: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Please don’t use a toaster in the bathtub. The combination of electricity and water will be too much for your heart. But why don’t fish have the same problem when lightning strikes the ocean? It’s basically the same thing. It turns out that a combination of the properties of both electricity and bodies of water protect *most* fish from being cooked alive when lightning hits the ocean. Between electricity’s skin effect and the vast majority of fish not being near the surface, fish have to be in exactly the wrong place at the wrong time to suffer the effects of an electrical force or a major injection of heat. It only takes about 100 milliamps of electricity to stop your heart, but even if you’re struck by lightning, chances are you’ll be fine -- just like 99.9999% of fish. And if fish are caught with their metaphorical pants down? Well, there’s just no one around to give them CPR or apply defibrillation to get their
How Many Sides Does A Circle Have? How Many Sides Does A Circle Have?
1 month ago En
You probably think you know a circle. Maybe you’ve even thought a little bit about what a circle is and what a circle isn’t. But do you know how many sides a circle has? Australia didn’t, and the answer is more complicated than it seems. You can do it the easy way with simple geometry. You can do it the common sense way, which is a little more realistic. And you can think in terms of degenerate polygons to really complicate the math. But there’s more to it than that, and it depends on what we consider a side. Not just a mathematical side, either -- a side in real life, a side of a shape, a body, an animal, or a thing. Humanity has been thinking about sides for a long time, whether it’s inside/outside or left and right. And the one thing we know is that sides are relative to something greater. So, what’s the side of a circle relative to? Its center? The world around it? Is it an exception to the rule in that there are no sides at all? By looking at language, math, and old-fashioned ingenuity, we employ ever
Surviving The Deadliest Two-Player Game Surviving The Deadliest Two-Player Game
4 months ago En
Get an intro to the math of Russian Roulette with "Surviving the Deadliest Game": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xtl9orvkDVo We know from “Surviving the Deadliest Game” that there’s no more dangerous game than Russian Roulette. And is there any game stupider than a duel in which two people stand there and shoot at each other? No -- so what happens when you combine them?! Legendary scientific thinkers Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison are about to find out as their balloon avatars battle it out for electrical supremacy. In this scenario, there’s only one single gun that Edison and Tesla pass back and forth for each shot. Can that game actually be fair if someone can go first and win on the first shot? If the first player has a probabilistic advantage, how much is it? Is it possible for us to adjust the game in such a way that the first player’s advantage is a lot more fair? Can you EVER have a perfectly fair turn-based game when it’s possible for a player to win on the first turn? Oh, and there’s actually
The Best Game No One Plays The Best Game No One Plays
4 months ago En
Thanks to LastPass for sponsoring a portion of this video! Click here to start using LastPass and get 40% off through December 8: https://lastpass.com/Vsauce40 Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg A money game exists in which the potential payoff from being robbed makes perfect mathematical sense… but I won’t play it. Will you? “Pascal’s Mugging” is derived from the classic philosophical scenario of Pascal’s Wager, which posits that it’s rational for humans to behave as though God exists. If they’re wrong, they don’t lose much; if they’re right, they have an infinite payoff in the afterlife. The scenario of Pascal’s Mugging stems from Eliezer Yudkowsky’s unique twist on the original wager: what if a thief promised you a tremendous payoff tomorrow for stealing your wallet today? At what point would the near-infinitesimal odds of a criminal rewarding you tomorrow actually warrant you giving them a small amount of money right now? If we process the
The Auction Problem The Auction Problem
4 months ago En
Get Surfshark VPN at https://Surfshark.deals/vsauce2 and enter promo code VSAUCE2 for 84% off and 4 extra months for free. Thanks to Surfshark VPN for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg The next time you buy a retro game or old t-shirt in an online auction, thank William Vickrey’s 1961 paper, “Counterspeculation, Auctions, and Competitive Sealed Tenders” -- because the simple auction style we take for granted today is actually filled with nuance and complexity. Auctions have been around as long as one person has had an item to get rid of and at least two people wanted it. From Herodotus’ writing, we know that the ancient Babylonians held auctions over 4,000 years ago. But auctions haven’t changed very much over time, and the general bidding structures have remained intact. It seems like aside from differences like submitting a single private bid vs. open bidding back and forth, there isn’t a lot to ad
You're Lying To Yourself (and I'll prove it) You're Lying To Yourself (and I'll prove it)
5 months ago En
Thanks to Ridge Wallet for sponsoring this video: https://www.ridge.com/VSAUCE2 Use Code “VSAUCE2 ” for 10% off your order! Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg Your mind is efficient and amazing. It also conspires to ruin your life almost every time you encounter new information. You’re lying to yourself, and you can’t help it. All the cognitive habits, capabilities, and shortcuts your brain brings to the table also come with serious liabilities… like leading you down the wrong path on simple math depending on which numbers you see first. Anchoring bias is the perfect example. Work done by cognitive science researchers like Amos Tversky, Daniel Kahneman, Dan Ariely, and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini show us that you get a little bit of information and then your brain goes to work. Unfortunately, it almost always locks you into a mode of thought that’s just… not quite right. You’ll get the wrong estimates and numbers. You’ll be barricaded into thinki
Your Life Is 7 Objects (and I'll prove it) Your Life Is 7 Objects (and I'll prove it)
6 months ago En
Thanks to Ridge Wallet for sponsoring this video: https://www.ridge.com/VSAUCE2 Use Code “VSAUCE2 ” for 10% off your order! Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg You can read Hawking’s “A Brief History of Time.” You can study classical literature. You can read religious texts that detail how we got here and what we’re supposed to do now. … or you can gather up a bunch of junk from your bedroom and use it to unpack the majesty of the human experience. The observable universe is unfathomably large, but we can use a piece of paper to understand how it got that way. Humans come in all types and vary tremendously, but really, we’d all fit inside a sugar cube. And despite nearly 8 billion of us running around the planet, it’s pretty easy for us to stand out and do something unique. We’re capable of great things because we’re equipped with a supercomputer that can process even the most complex problems in math, science, and ourselves. It’s not that hard
The Hopeless Game You Need To Play The Hopeless Game You Need To Play
6 months ago En
Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg VOTE FOR YOUR PRESIDENT: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo/status/1310990323670224899 Thanks to Whang! and psychicpebbles for their selfless commitment to public service as we all endeavor to improve our great YouTube Nation: Whang!: https://www.youtube.com/WhangWhangWhang Pebbles: https://www.youtube.com/psychicpebbles Nothing seems easier, clearer, and more obvious than choosing who to vote for. We’ve done it for thousands of years across cultures ranging from Ancient Greek city-states to tribal democracies in the Americas. And now that we’re about to elect a President of YouTube, it’s time to look at how complex seemingly-simple decision theory can really be. When you decide whether to dive head first into the Whang! Gang or sign your life over to the The Cult of Pebbles, you’re going through a process that involves multiple behavioral paradoxes, quirks of game theory, and… even the same sort of problem when yo
How Do Phones See Us? How Do Phones See Us?
7 months ago En
LG Velvet: https://www.lg.com/us/mobile-phones/velvet-5g Thanks to LG for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg No, you CAN'T name one thing in this photo. And neither can I. That level of visual chaos is deliberate, because it reveals what our brain goes through countless times each day as it tries to find meaning in the audio and visual information it processes. Decades ago we were on our own with processing the noise and confusion around us, and that’s why we were so susceptible to forces like the Mandelbaum Effect. But as technology gets cheaper, more accessible, and more democratic, we have more tools to help us see and hear what we want. LG sent me the new LG Velvet phone as we talked about technology’s role in improving information processing. From blasting through the limitations of lenses and sensors by utilizing pixel binning and multi-image fusion to isolating the important parts of sound with
You Don't Know Time (and I'll prove it) You Don't Know Time (and I'll prove it)
9 months ago En
Watch my newest video, "Surviving the Deadliest Two-Player Game": https://youtu.be/ACtsYN1TWLg Subscribe to Neil deGrasse Tyson's StarTalk: https://youtu.be/A0jI44rXJjc Get The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Huge thanks to Neil deGrasse Tyson and everyone at StarTalk! It seems easy to know things. The basics of epistemology haven’t changed much since Plato’s time, and we navigate every minute of our lives using a system of justified true belief. If we’re justified in thinking something, that thing is true, and we believe it, then it’s knowledge. But as Gettier Problems show us, sometimes that justified true belief model just doesn’t work. We can satisfy every condition of JTB and still not know something. So if that system isn’t reliable, then how can we really know anything at all? It’s a philosophical problem so big that we need Neil deGrasse Tyson to sort it out. Neil deGrasse Tyson of StarTalk sets the record straight on what knowledge really is. Science, he says, is filled with things
The Problem Newton Got Wrong The Problem Newton Got Wrong
11 months ago En
Go to https://buyraycon.com/vsauce2 for 15% off your order! Brought to you by Raycon. Isaac Newton was right about everything from gravity to the calculus, but he didn’t quite get it right on dice and probability. The Newton-Pepys Problem represents Isaac Newton’s only documented foray into probability. Samuel Pepys sent him a letter asking whether it would be more likely to roll one six in 6 dice, two sixes in 12 dice, or three sixes in 18 dice. In terms of computing the answer, we’ve got it pretty easy in the 21st century, whether we do it the long way, whether we apply binomial distribution, or just run a Monte Carlo simulation. To us, it’s a relatively basic problem in probability. But Newton had to work it all out himself, and as he did that, he missed a few things. He just… didn’t get it totally right even though his numbers were accurate. The *real* Newton-Pepys Problem is deciding how much that even matters, and the answer gives us insight into the complex relationship between math, numbers, and th
This Impossible Game Makes NO Sense This Impossible Game Makes NO Sense
11 months ago En
To get MSCHF’s drops early and access secret drops, download their app here https://mschf.com/vsauce2 Thanks to MSCHF for supporting Vsauce2! Conway Checkers (proof), Numberphile2 | Zvezdelina Stankova: https://youtu.be/Or0uWM9bT5w Conway’s Soldiers Interactive Game (Clever Learning): https://www.cleverlearning.co.uk/blogs/blogConwayInteractive.php John Conway’s work stretched from nearly-inaccessible math theory to fun children’s games, and it defined how we thought about recreational mathematics in the 20th century. Conway’s Soldiers is the perfect example of a Conway-esque math game: the rules are simple, the gameplay is easy, and it becomes very hard very quickly… and in this case of a basic checkers game, it packs a surprising punch of becoming literally impossible for a reason that isn’t even close to obvious. But the mathematical importance doesn’t end with an unexpected reveal of impossibility. Conway found that the secret to *why* it’s impossible depends on the Golden Ratio of 1.618, which has f
Can Being Stupid Make You Smart? Can Being Stupid Make You Smart?
2 years ago En
Get Your Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ NOW YOU'RE THINKING! I’m an idiot -- and you should be, too. Sometimes. Thinking is hard, and thinking with a free, open mind might be the hardest thing of all. The Einstellung Effect can create cognitive illusions that blind us to different points of view. It prevents us from seeing simpler solutions or alternative ways to solve a problem. And the more we know about a given topic, the stronger the Einstellung Effect can be. Psychology, math, and every other field is subject to Einstellung, and it’s why heroes often appear from completely different disciplines. Because a fresh set of eyes isn’t bound by a given set of knowledge, they see something in a brand new light. What’s impossible to trained professionals can be obvious to someone who’s inexperienced. The Einstellung Effect might be the ultimate psychological paradox: the more we know, the stupider we can be. And the stupider we are, the more we can know. Get Vsauce2’s Woven Math t-shirts/hoodi
The Easiest Problem Everyone Gets Wrong The Easiest Problem Everyone Gets Wrong
2 years ago En
Learn More: https://www.fullsail.edu/vsauce2 Thanks to Full Sail University for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. Special thanks to Internet Historian: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCR1D15p_vdP3HkrH8wgjQRw Get Vsauce2’s Woven Math T-shirts/Hoodies: https://represent.com/store/vsauce2 We know how difficult the Monty Hall Problem is for so many people even after they’re shown all the math behind the best possible strategy. It’s basic probability, but it’s deceptive -- and it all started with the Bertrand’s Box Paradox. In this video, I go back to the origins of a probability problem that continues to plague humanity. And it all started in 1889 when French mathematician Joseph Bertrand published his “Calcul des probabilités,” which included a simple scenario involving gold and silver coins. 70 years later, recreational math columnist Martin Gardner unveiled The Three Prisoners Problem involving the pardoning of one of three prisoners scheduled to be executed. The mathematical concept was the
Pick A Number And I'll Guess It Pick A Number And I'll Guess It
2 years ago En
Get 70% off NordVPN plus and additional month free: https://nordvpn.com/vsauce2 Use coupon code: vsauce2 Thanks to NordVPN for sponsoring this episode and supporting Vsauce2. Sometimes math is so beautifully tricky, and presented in such a subtle way, that it’s virtually indistinguishable from magic. Welcome to The Kruskal Count. David Copperfield is probably the most famous living magician/illusionist, and he’s made use of the Kruskal Count to convince millions of people worldwide that he harbors amazing predictive powers. Does he? Well… yes and no. At the core of his mathematical mind reading is physicist Martin Kruskal’s discovery that certain counting games are really a sequence of chains that can intersect and eventually become one single chain. Using that knowledge of well-concealed probability, it’s easy to perform a mind-blowing demonstration that appears to be pure magic. But it doesn’t *always* work, because that’s the way probability goes. Sometimes it’s perfect, sometimes it isn’t. By examinin
The Secret of Snakes and Ladders The Secret of Snakes and Ladders
2 years ago En
Learn more about Lithium-ion Cell Safety: https://www.StaySafeBattery.com Watch my video on Li-ion Cells: https://youtu.be/gdqtPNangDs Huge thanks to LG Chem for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. And thanks to Allen Pan of Sufficiently Advanced for not burning my house down: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVS89U86PwqzNkK2qYNbk5A Snakes and Ladders -- also called Chutes and Ladders in the US -- might look like a simple board game for kids, but it actually goes back thousands of years with deep, meaningful origins. And along the path of creating a morality-based game to help kids navigate the world around them, humans stumbled onto some pretty interesting math. From reaching nirvana to exploring Markov chains, Snakes and Ladders weaves a surprisingly complex tale of virtue, vice, and dumb luck. So, I decided to electrify it. Literally. Imaginative engineering YouTuber Allen Pan of Sufficiently Advanced helped me customize an old Snakes and Ladders board by hooking up batteries to the board it
Surviving The Deadliest Game Surviving The Deadliest Game
2 years ago En
Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/Vsauce2/ Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this video. Vsauce2 Merch: https://represent.com/store/vsauce2 There’s no more dangerous game than Russian Roulette. One wrong move and the consequences are fatal… and Balloon Kevin knows it. The real difficulty is that in the sort of game you see played in a movie, there’s no skill involved when a player makes that move. It’s right or it’s wrong, and it’s a combination of the highest possible stakes with the lowest possible element of human control. According to Nick Berry of DataGenetics, a common job interview question tests the mathematical reasoning and probability skills of interviewees by asking them to consider an alternative, slightly more complex arrangement: with *two* potentially fatal chambers loaded, and after having successfully survived the first round of a game, does the player request to spin the cylinder, or do they just let it go? Does it even matter? The answer is surprising, and the exercise is a lesson in
Two Envelopes Paradox Two Envelopes Paradox
2 years ago En
Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/Vsauce2/ Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this video. Birthday Paradox T-Shirt: https://represent.com/birthdayparadox *** Not a real offer, for educational purposes only. I don't have two envelopes filled with money. I don't have any envelopes OR any money. *** In The Two Envelopes Paradox -- also called the Exchange Paradox -- you know what the right answer is almost immediately. Until you don’t. And then you do. And then you’re not sure. The problem isn’t so much the problem itself; it’s figuring out why the setup is wrong. Like several of Zeno’s Paradoxes, we’re lured into thinking about the scenario in a way that leads us down the wrong path… and by the time we realize it, we’re so deep in convincing (or troubling) math that we’ve lost sight of the real issue. Just like with the Monty Hall Problem, even top academics have trouble elucidating clear, meaningful reasoning for why switching in the Two Envelopes Paradox is or isn’t valuable. That’s why Martin Gardner and
The Hardest Easy Game The Hardest Easy Game
2 years ago En
Get 20% off your first order with code: vsauce2 https://mackweldon.com/ Thanks Mack Weldon for sponsoring this episode Vsauce2 Store: https://represent.com/store/vsauce2 Play The L-Game: https://hwwmath.looiwenli.com/l-game Could You Survive Ghostbusters?: https://youtu.be/hA0tOcNE4IY Edward de Bono is a lot of things -- an author, an economic theorist, a physician -- but he’s also a thinker about… thinking. His 1967 book “The Five-Day Course in Thinking” included a game that’s one of the hardest in the world, yet also one of the simplest. The idea behind creating the perfectly simple, perfectly impossible exercise that turned into The L-Game was to distill a 2-player experience down to a constant churn of critical strategic decisions. By limiting the board to just 16 spaces with 2 L-shaped tetrominoes and 2 neutral pieces, the board can’t distract from the core task. And with so few rules -- really, just that you need to move your L piece to an open space and then optionally move one of the neutrals -- t
The Fair Game That's Totally Unfair The Fair Game That's Totally Unfair
2 years ago En
Vsauce2 Store: https://represent.com/store/vsauce2 WOVEN MATH!!! The easiest fair games depend on equal, binary outcomes like flipping a coin or drawing a playing card that can only be either red or black. If a game depends on both players choosing an equally-probable outcome, how can one player have a massive advantage over the other? Welcome to the Humble-Nishiyama Randomness Game, a variant of Walter Penney’s classic demonstration of the power of non-transitivity in simple games. In a straightforward transitive situation, A beats B and B beats C -- which means A beats C, too. But if A beats B, B beats C, and C beats A… we’ve gone non-transitive just like Rock, Paper, Scissors. By jumping into the non-transitive game loop at the most advantageous point, Player 2 can become an overwhelming favorite every time. It looks like dumb luck, but it’s really just smart math. And now introducing… WOVEN MATH. Woven Math bridges recreational mathematics and art by infusing beautiful designs with cerebellum-bustin
I Built a Pasta Chair in Italy I Built a Pasta Chair in Italy
2 years ago En
Click here to start using LastPass: https://lastpass.onelink.me/HzaM/2019Q3IncrementalVSauce2 Thanks to LastPass for sponsoring this video. Every boy grows up chasing the same dream... to fly to a beautiful villa in Rome, Italy to build a pasta chair out of noodles utilizing a team of international spaghetti-building superstars. Well, every boy doesn’t, but *I* did. And that dream came true. Our goal was clear: we needed to build a pasta chair that would hold my weight, and we had to do it in just a few days. We studied every possibility, from designs that made use of classic bridge-style trusses to complex arches of thin spaghetti. We balanced functionality with aesthetics, because after all, we wanted it to look like an actual chair. And then we figured out what we could pull off with just the supplies that fit in a backpack and wouldn’t be confiscated on an international flight. Johnny and Norbi, accomplished spaghetti builders from Óbuda University in Budapest, Hungary, suggested a base of tube-shape
The Dot Game That Breaks Your Brain The Dot Game That Breaks Your Brain
2 years ago En
Start protecting your Internet privacy and get 3 months free: https://www.expressvpn.com/vsauce2 Thank you to ExpressVPN for supporting Vsauce2. On Tuesday, February 21, 1967, in the math department common room of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, the world of pencil and paper math games changed. John Conway and Michael Paterson were trying to invent a brand new simple-to-play, hard-to-analyze game, and the result came to be known as Sprouts. The basic setup of Sprouts is easy: start with any number of dots, then connect them with lines. When a dot has 3 lines coming to or from it, that dot can no longer be played. Lines are not allowed to cross, and the player to draw the last line wins. But the most important rule came from Paterson: every time a player draws a line, he or she gets to add a new dot anywhere on that line. As Conway put it, at that point “sprouts sprouted.” Despite its simplicity, Sprouts is actually a game teeming with mathematical complexity and depth once it’s played with more than a
Battleship In A Submarine - U.S. Navy vs Vsauce2 Battleship In A Submarine - U.S. Navy vs Vsauce2
2 years ago En
This video was sponsored by the U.S. Navy. For more videos like this, check out: https://www.sailorvs.com Vsauce2 Creator Page: http://bit.ly/2OG98N3 Vsauce2 Nuke Career Page: http://bit.ly/319JNfz I worked with the United States Navy on the USS Pasadena to show that the game of Battleship isn’t just a series of alpha-numeric volleys that result in either a hit or a miss until one player’s entire fleet has been sunk. Whether we realize it or not, Battleship generates a sophisticated probability density algorithm in your brain that’s constantly re-evaluating and updating strategy with every single move. Nick Berry of DataGenetics founded a software company, received the Queen’s Award for Technology (UK), and spent a decade working for Microsoft’s Casual Game team... and cracking the code for optimal Battleship play is just the tip of the recreational mathematics iceberg he’s mapped out at DG. Berry’s simulations of Battleship strategies showed a massive disparity between the “hunt and target” strategy that m
The Infinite Money Paradox The Infinite Money Paradox
2 years ago En
Click here to start using LastPass: https://lastpass.onelink.me/HzaM/2019Q3JulyVSauce2 Thanks to LastPass for sponsoring a portion of this video. The Create Unknown interview with Derek Muller of Veritasium: https://youtu.be/L9EqYGjQJSc Deciding whether to play a game is usually very easy… you crunch the numbers and if they work in your favor, you play. If they don’t, you shouldn’t. Mathematical case closed. But what happens when the math of a game tells you that you have access to infinite wealth and unlimited expected value and real life tells you not to play? Enter: The St. Petersburg Paradox. The Bernoulli family first started corresponding about the paradox in the early 1700s with a series of letters examining the puzzling math behind the simple game. But it wasn’t until 1738 when Daniel Bernoulli realized that he could factor real life utility -- how much something actually means to you -- into the calculations. The St. Petersburg Paradox opens up doors to how we think about what math really mean
The McNugget Number The McNugget Number
2 years ago En
Get The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Curiosity Box Store: https://curiositybox.com/store The Frobenius Number -- also called the McNugget Number -- is the highest number you *can’t* make out of two integers that have a greatest common divisor of 1. This late 19th-century math quirk was examined by Ferdinand Frobenius and expanded on by JJ Sylvester, but it came to public consciousness by examining the impossible orders of McDonald’s McNuggets in the United Kingdom. Poring over the possibilities of ordering chicken nuggets might seem like a trivial affair, but the concept of the Frobenius Number appears in important aspects of real life. It’s the beginning of thinking about optimization in certain areas, like the coin-based currencies we use worldwide. What denominations of coins are best mathematically? Which combinations fit best with how humans actually think and live? And that’s how we started thinking about whether the United States could need an 18-cent coin. By looking how we can com
The Game You Win By Losing (Parrondo's Paradox) The Game You Win By Losing (Parrondo's Paradox)
2 years ago En
Watch my collab with Donut Media: https://youtu.be/1RNc-2hpHP8 Thanks to Donut Media for supporting Vsauce2 and having me on their channel. Go check them out and support them. They're great! While working on the interplay between thermodynamics and information theory, physicist Juan Parrondo realized that a system of losing games could actually produce a winning result. And it isn’t just by playing them in a highly-strategic way; it’s even possible for two guaranteed losers to generate a winner when played randomly. At the heart of that counterintuitive conclusion is a test of our understanding of probability and relationships between events. From the simplest money-based games and coin flip scenarios to theoretical perpetual motion machines like the Brownian ratchet and flashing Brownian ratchet, Parrondo’s Paradox explores elements of game theory that are inspiring research in fields like biogenetics, finance, and evolutionary biology. *** SOURCES *** Finite Math -- Markov Chains https://www.youtube.co
The Demonetization Game The Demonetization Game
2 years ago En
Check out Curiosity Stream, with over 2,000 features and series -- and you'll get 30 days free using code vsauce2: https://www.CuriosityStream.com/Vsauce2 What if 100 of our favorite YouTube channels faced sudden, total demonetization of their channels -- and the only way to save them was to play a game of chance that required all 100 YouTubers to win what amounts to a coin flip? If that sounds hopeless, that’s because it pretty much is. Sorry to MaxMoeFoe, CallMeCarson, Danny Gonzalez, and all the rest. It's just math. The odds against 100 successful rounds are astronomical, but that’s the scenario in our version of a computer science problem with roots going back to 2004. Exploring the possibilities of combinatorics and the context of permutations allows us to vastly improve the odds of our 100 YouTubers’ overall success *without* improving their individual chances. By recognizing that the game actually contains a series of chains within each permutation, I develop a strategy for our 100 YouTube heroes t
The Game That Never Ends The Game That Never Ends
3 years ago En
Check out Sean’s docuseries SPEED and over 2,000 other features and series with 30 days free using code vsauce2: https://www.CuriosityStream.com/Vsauce2 Huge thanks to CuriosityStream for supporting Vsauce2. We play two-player games all day, every day, and our lives are a real-time exercise in game theory. We work out how to make the best move based not only on what we want the outcome to be, but also based on how we think the other player is going to act. Since they’re usually going through the same rough thought process -- sometimes consciously, sometimes subconsciously -- we’re embroiled in a constant series of games with all of us wanting to win. Winning can be the best result for you or the best outcome given the circumstances, and players are implicitly sorting out their strategies in a recursive process that waffles between self-interest and cooperation. Whether we’re driving down the highway and trying to go as fast as we can without getting pulled over or just trying not to be weird with our crus
ᵘⁿˢᵉᵉⁿ Physics ᵘⁿˢᵉᵉⁿ Physics
3 years ago En
Download Angry Birds 2 from your app store today! https://c.singular.net/api/v1/ad?st=59571402224&pcn=Vsauce2&psn=Vsauce2&h=133970888f55d20b2a1077b676434c388c07a122 Thanks to Rovio for sponsoring this video. Observation is the core of our understanding of science and applied math. But what happens when what we see isn’t what we actually get? Or when we can’t see at all? Exploring unseen physics gets to the heart of a host of riddles, paradoxes, and millennia of scientific advancements. Conquering what we can’t see takes pioneers, like the Aboriginals in Australia who harnessed invisible aerodynamic forces to make boomerangs… or Chinese inventors and engineers who experimented successfully with man-carrying kites as early as the 6th century AD. As Einstein told German chemist HF Marks, “You make experiments and I make theories. Do you know the difference? A theory is something that nobody believes except the person who made it, while an experiment is something that everybody believes except the person who
The Game You Quit The Game You Quit
3 years ago En
LastPass: http://bit.ly/2UN2BPd Huge thanks to LastPass for sponsoring Vsauce2. The Game That Gets Smarter: https://youtu.be/sw7UAZNgGg8 By choosing to watch this video, you’ve already won… the game of quitting. In 1958, John H. Fox, Jr. of the Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company and L Gerald Marnie of MIT invented “The Game of Googol,” which revealed a seminal concept in the art of optimal stopping theory. The premise was simple: when given a series of choices, when do we finally decide to commit? When do we stop exploring alternatives and actually choose so that we maximize our payoff? How do we do that without just guessing? The solution to knowing when to stop involves harnessing the power of Euler’s number, and it shows up in our lives every day. It’s how we decide when to choose a parking spot so we don’t have to drive all the way back around again. It’s how we decide who to commit to for life after having a series of relationships. And we won’t always win. In fact, most of the time we won’t g
The Game That Gets Smarter The Game That Gets Smarter
3 years ago En
Install Raid for Free IOS: http://bit.ly/2HtjCLc ANDROID: http://bit.ly/2Th4Nga Get 50k silver immediately and a free Epic Champion as part of the new player program. Thanks for supporting, Vsauce2. MONTAGE SONG: “Synthetic Life” by Julian Emery, James Hockley & Adam Noble https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KV6XksdotX8 By the 1950s, science fiction was beginning to become reality: machines didn’t just calculate; they began to learn. Machine calculating was out. Machine learning was in. But we had to start small. Donald Michie’s “Machine Educable Noughts And Crosses Engine” -- MENACE -- was composed of 304 separate matchboxes that each depicted a possible state of a checker game. MENACE eventually learned to play perfectly, and we replicate and explain that process with Shreksapawn, our adaptation of Martin Gardner’s MENACE-inspired game of Hexapawn. The goal of MENACE and Hexapawn was to determine how to get machines to learn, and eventually to get them to think. As we realized how the simplest computers cou
A Problem You'll Never Solve A Problem You'll Never Solve
3 years ago En
Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com MrBeast’s $1,000,000 Dilemma: https://youtu.be/NkYCWqzBc7M Newcomb’s Paradox has confounded philosophers, mathematicians, and game players for over 50 years. The problem is simple: You can take Box A, which contains $1,000, *and* Box B, which contains either $0 or $1,000,000, or you can just take Box B. The right choice seems obvious -- but there’s a catch. Before you play, an omniscient being has predicted whether you’d take both Box A and Box B or *only* Box B. If he’s predicted that you’ll take both, he’s put $0 in Box B. If he predicts that you’ll only take Box B, he’s put $1,000,000 inside. So… what do you do? I explore the two approaches to this problem, one based on the math of expected utility and the other based on a logical dominance principle. Newcomb’s Paradox raises questions about free will and determinism as it explores whether a problem with no solution might be easier than a problem with two perfectly valid contradictory solutions. *** SOURCES
MrBeast's $1,000,000 Dilemma MrBeast's $1,000,000 Dilemma
3 years ago En
Vsauce Hat: https://bit.ly/2GlAvpL Missing Dollar Riddle: https://youtu.be/tLgttp5CdjQ *** LINKS *** MrBeast https://www.youtube.com/user/MrBeast6000/ Metamagical Themas by Douglas Hofstadter on Amazon https://amzn.to/2t6P3l8 Douglas Hofstadter http://cogs.indiana.edu/people/profile.php?u=dughof Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Huge Thanks To Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Special Thanks Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow MY PODCAST -- THE CREATE UNKNOWN https://www.youtube.com/thecreateunknown
The Missing Dollar Riddle The Missing Dollar Riddle
3 years ago En
LastPass: http://bit.ly/2QCDAYQ Huge thanks to LastPass for sponsoring Vsauce2. Vsauce Podcast: https://youtu.be/YHLZitYYyIg *** LINKS *** Walkingame’s Tutor’s Assistant: https://archive.org/details/walkingamesarit00walkgoog/page/n174 *********** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Huge Thanks To Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Special Thanks Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow MY PODCAST -- THE CREATE UNKNOWN https://www.youtube.com/thecreateunknown
The Birthday Paradox The Birthday Paradox
3 years ago En
Bitdefender: http://bit.ly/2SUrIOr Huge thanks to Bitdefender for supporting Vsauce2. **** LINKS **** Birthday Attack Example In Hacking https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4shxYyV4O_k Birthday Attack Hash Collision https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18ihbf1EqRw Hashing Algorithms And Security - Computerphile https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4b8ktEV4Bg Discussion On The Birthday Attack https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2bEL3ok8D70 The Birthday Attack https://danielmiessler.com/study/birthday_attack/ *********** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Huge Thanks To Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Special Thank
Ant On A Rubber Rope Paradox Ant On A Rubber Rope Paradox
3 years ago En
PLEASE SUBSCRIBE TO MY PODCAST: https://bit.ly/2BCLhoK Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ *********** LINKS ************* The Create Unknown Podcast: https://bit.ly/2TKVDdc What Is A Paradox?: https://youtu.be/kJzSzGbfc0k Ant On A Rubber Rope Discussion: https://bit.ly/2DYQ7it Harmonic Series Proof on Khan Academy https://www.khanacademy.org/math/ap-calculus-bc/bc-series-new/bc-10-6/v/harmonic-series-divergent Harmonic Series Proofs http://scipp.ucsc.edu/~haber/archives/physics116A10/harmapa.pdf Harmonic Series Proof https://web.williams.edu/Mathematics/lg5/harmonic.pdf *********** Written by Matthew Tabor, Michael Stevens and Kevin Lieber Huge Thanks To Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://t
What Is The Create Unknown? What Is The Create Unknown?
3 years ago En
SmarterEveryDay: https://youtu.be/dhfiK4q2_Q0 Dolan Dark/Grandayy: https://youtu.be/ebxesfHHbwU *** ALL LINKS YOU NEED *** YouTube https://youtube.com/thecreateunknown Apple Podcasts https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-create-unknown/id1437172203 Google Podcasts https://www.google.com/podcasts?feed=aHR0cHM6Ly9yc3Muc2ltcGxlY2FzdC5jb20vcG9kY2FzdHMvNzczOC9yc3M%3D Spotify https://open.spotify.com/show/0Tl7tpMssVqt7O4qej8Ro0 Overcast https://overcast.fm/itunes1437172203/the-create-unknown RadioPublic https://radiopublic.com/the-create-unknown-Wa3zEo Pocket Casts https://pca.st/en8j Podchaser http://podchaser.com/thecreateunknown Stitcher https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/triangle-content/the-create-unknown RSS https://rss.simplecast.com/podcasts/7738/rss ---or pretty much any other podcast app--- *** FOLLOW ON SOCIAL *** Twitter: https://twitter.com/createunknown Facebook: http://facebook.com/thecreateunknown Instagram: http://instagram.com/thecreateunknown *** CREDITS *** Hosted by Kevin Lieb
The Problem With The Martingale System The Problem With The Martingale System
3 years ago En Ru
Check out and purchase Vector by Anki: https://go.anki.com/2Q55UOS Thanks to Anki for sponsoring this video and supporting Vsauce2. *** LINKS *** The Difficulty Of Faking Data by Theodore P. Hill http://www.kkuniyuk.com/Math119FakingData.pdf Wizard Of Odds Streaks https://wizardofodds.com/image/ask-the-wizard/streaks.pdf *********************************** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow MY PODCAST -- THE CREATE UNKNOWN https://www.youtube
Double Sixes Death Game Double Sixes Death Game
3 years ago En
Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ *** LINKS *** de Méré's Problem http://mathworld.wolfram.com/deMeresProblem.html Combinatorial Probability http://www.math.umt.edu/steele/STAT341/ch2.pdf Combinatronics and Probability http://infolab.stanford.edu/~ullman/focs/ch04.pdf *********************************** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By Jake Chudnow: http://www.youtube.com/user/JakeChudnow
A Game You Can Never Win A Game You Can Never Win
3 years ago En
Not a real offer. *** LINKS *** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ 2018 Currency Budget https://www.federalreserve.gov/foia/files/2018currency.pdf The Fed - How Much Does It Cost To Produce Currency And Coin? https://www.federalreserve.gov/faqs/currency_12771.htm New $100 Bill Costs 60% More To Produce (Article from 2013) https://www.marketwatch.com/story/new-100-bill-costs-60-more-to-produce-2013-10-08 Prop Movie Money https://propmoviemoney.com/product/new-style-100-full-print-prop-money-stack/ Hasbro Monopoly Money https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00000IWCW/ Tullock Auctions https://blogs.cornell.edu/info2040/2012/09/25/losing-to-win-tullock-auctions/ Knee-Deep In The Big Muddy: A Study Of Escalating Commitment to a Chosen Course of Action http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.3668&rep=rep1&type=pdf The Dollar Auction Game: A Paradox in Noncooperative Behavior and Escalation by Martin Shubik http://www.math.toronto.ed
The Pizza Theorem The Pizza Theorem
3 years ago En
Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ *** LINKS *** The Pizza Theorem http://web.maths.unsw.edu.au/~mikeh/webpapers/paper57.pdf Mathematics Magazine, Volume 41, 1968: "Problem 660" by L.J. Upton, Solution by Michael Goldberg: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2687962 Mathematics Magazine, Volume 67, 1994. "Proof without Words: Fair Allocation of a Pizza" by Larry Carter and Stan Wagon: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2690845 Dividing Thin Crust, Calzones, and Stuffed Crust Pizzas: https://lsusmath.rickmabry.org/rmabry/pizza/Pizza_Conjecture.pdf Exotic Mathematical Pizza Slicing: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28743-mathematicians-invent-new-way-to-slice-pizza-into-exotic-shapes/ Infinite Families Of Monohedral Disk Tilings: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1512.03794.pdf Pizza Theorem Proof Without Words Calculator by Christian Lawson-Perfect: https://www.geogebra.org/m/C9kMuwj8 *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsa
A Game You Can Always Win A Game You Can Always Win
3 years ago Ru En
Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com The 100 game was created by the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- who you may know for writing Alice In Wonderland under the pen name Lewis Carroll. Carroll’s Oxford students were amazed. On February 5, 1856 he wrote in his diary: “... the trick of counting alternately up to 100, neither putting on more than 10 to the last number named, astonished them not a little.” The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays, by Martin Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Handkerchief-Carrolls-Mathematical-Recreations/dp/0387256415 The Diaries of Lewis Carroll Volume I https://www.amazon.com/Diaries-Lewis-Carroll-I/dp/B011UZLQ60 Arithmetical Croquet http://www.mscs.mu.edu/~mikes/159/croquet.txt *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsauce.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com
What Is A Paradox? What Is A Paradox?
3 years ago Ru En
Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/vsauce2 Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this episode. *** SOURCES LINKS AND MORE *** “The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays” by Willard Van Orman Quine: https://www.amazon.com/Ways-Paradox-Other-Essays-Revised/dp/0674948378/ Zeno of Elea, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zeno-elea/ Zeno’s Paradoxes, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paradox-zeno/ Convergent Series, Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/math/calculus-home/series-calc/seq-conv-diverg-calc/v/convergent-and-divergent-sequences “Game Show Problem” by Marilyn vos Savant, Parade Magazine, 1990: http://marilynvossavant.com/game-show-problem/ “Solution to the Grandfather Paradox” by minutephysics: https://youtu.be/XayNKY944lY “The Faint Young Sun Paradox!” by MinuteEarth: https://youtu.be/qbnaes8X4iQ *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsauce.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebo
The Potato Paradox The Potato Paradox
4 years ago En
Skillshare: http://skl.sh/vsauce23 Thanks to Skillshare for sponsoring this episode. Origins of Colorado Potato Beetle: https://phys.org/news/2018-03-major-potato-pest.html Colorado Potato Beetle Genome Research and Propaganda History: https://news.wisc.edu/colorado-potato-beetle-genome-gives-insight-into-major-agricultural-pest/ Czechoslovakian American Beetle Propaganda Video: https://youtu.be/28N6TSaKQ-g USDA Food Composition Data: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/2958?fgcd=&manu=&lfacet=&format=&count=&max=50&offset=&sort=default&order=asc&qlookup=raw+cucumber&ds=&qt=&qp=&qa=&qn=&q=&ing= *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsauce.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing Contributions by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VF
Door-Opening Robot and more -- Mind Blow #118 Door-Opening Robot and more -- Mind Blow #118
4 years ago En
Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/vsauce2/ Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this episode. **** LINKS TO EVERYTHING **** Door-Opening Robot (0:00) SpotMini Opens Door: https://youtu.be/fUyU3lKzoio The New SpotMini: https://youtu.be/kgaO45SyaO4 DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals: https://youtu.be/FRkYOFR7yPA DARPA RC Robot Fails: https://youtu.be/7A_QPGcjrh0 Robot Walking on Sand: https://youtu.be/0l9si8Fhfxo Moravec’s Paradox: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravec%27s_paradox Baby Dumbo Elephant (1:51) Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: http://www.whoi.edu/ Study: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)30034-4 Dancing Octopus: https://youtu.be/fDxBVZhZZwI Kindness of Rats (2:39) Study: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)30003-4 Summary: https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/news/archive/2018/title,1904007,en.php Israeli D-MARS (3:08) D-MARS: https://www.d-mars.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpaceAnalog RCA Video Disc Player (4:15) Video: https://youtu.be/Chgt
The Legend Of Zorba The Legend Of Zorba
4 years ago En
"I’ve been to Zork today. Tomorrow, I will take a friend. Together we will unwrap the cloaks of mystery surrounding this most excellent and memorable work of computerized fiction. And when we have extracted from this land every drop of adventuring that can be obtained, we will likely not be kept waiting. A sequel is nearing completion, even as this is being written. Somebody, please, let me know when it’s done." -Bob Liddil, Byte Magazine, Feb 1981 **** CREDITS **** Produced, Edited, Hosted and Co-Written by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Cinematography and VFX by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Contributing Researcher, Co-Writer & Script Editor Matthew Tabor http://koala.fm/ Sound Design by Jay Pellizzi http://jaypellizzi.com/ Special Thanks Austin Evans https://www.youtube.com/user/duncan33303/ Special Thanks Retro System Rescue http:/
Giant Robot, Electronic Skin and more -- Mind Blow #117 Giant Robot, Electronic Skin and more -- Mind Blow #117
4 years ago En
Skillshare: http://skl.sh/vsauce299 Skillshare Channel: https://www.youtube.com/Skillshare **** LINKS TO EVERYTHING **** Microbe Building Blocks (0:00) Study: http://rdcu.be/Evcy Summary: http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/buckingham-palace-built-with-mineralised-microbes-from-the-jurassic Smell Accuracy (0:13) Study: http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)31616-0 Summary: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2158891-some-people-identify-smells-as-easily-as-if-they-were-colours/ Planes Wake Surfing (0:39) Research paper: https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20170005247.pdf Video: https://youtu.be/bKWMXTo7Td0 Babbling Babies (1:20) Study: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/desc.12641/full Summary: http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2018/01/researchers-learn-social-function-babies-babbling BABY Lab: http://babylab.cornell.edu/ Dolphin Self-Awareness (1:52) Journal article: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0189813 Electronic VR Sk
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